keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Orthopedic review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160725/management-of-neurologic-deformity-of-the-ankle-and-foot-with-concurrent-osteomyelitis-with-the-ilizarov-method
#1
Nikolay Mikhailovich Kliushin, Anatoliy Sergeyevich Sudnitsyn, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Jefferson George
BACKGROUND: The combination of neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis is a therapeutic challenge. We investigated the role of Ilizarov with regard to eradication of infection, correction of deformities and improvement of patient function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients (77 feet) with neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis treated sequentially in 3 stages by Ilizarov method. The 3 stages were (1) active debridement and Ilizarov stabilization, (2) further strengthening of Ilizarov fixator and active osteosynthesis consisting of strategies like arthrodesis, osteotomy distraction, bone transport, or combination thereof, (3) consolidation of fusion/regeneration achieved in second stage...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159548/applicability-of-the-aaos-appropriate-use-criteria-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-surgical-practice
#2
Talal Ibrahim, Osama M S Aldahamsheh, Abdelsalam Hegazy, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
PURPOSE: The appropriate-use criteria (AUC) for distal radius fracture (DRF) was developed by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) to aid surgeons in making evidence-based treatment decisions for DRFs. The aim of our study was to cross-reference the management of operatively treated DRFs with the web-based AAOS published AUC recommendations. METHODS: The AUC for DRF evaluates the appropriateness of ten treatment options for each of 240 mutually exclusive patient scenarios based on the combination of five factors...
November 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156164/bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-and-its-uses-in-the-foot-and-ankle
#3
REVIEW
James M Cottom, Britton S Plemmons
Bone marrow aspirate has been used for the adjunctive treatment of numerous pathologic conditions in orthopedics. Viable cells are found in aspiration from many different anatomic regions of the body. Concentration of these cells has been shown to improve healing due to the increased number of certain important cells. This article discusses the mechanisms involved and reviews the literature.
January 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156072/clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-of-metatarsophalangeal-hemiarthroplasty-a-review-of-12-consecutive-cases
#4
Florian Wanivenhaus, Jacqueline Fust, Matthias Erschbamer, Andreas Schirm
This study examined function, pain, satisfaction, and radiologic outcomes among patients treated with first metatarsophalangeal hemiarthroplasty. Patients were invited to participate in an outcome study conducted with questionnaires on subjective and objective outcomes and clinical and radiographic follow-up. A total of 12 patients (12 feet; mean patient age, 58.8±12.3 years) agreed to participate. Mean follow-up was 22.3±19.8 months. Of these patients, 7 were satisfied with the postoperative result. The mean visual analog scale pain score decreased significantly from 7...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156071/arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-active-patients-younger-than-40-years-2-to-5-year-clinical-outcomes
#5
Nata Parnes, Nicole R Bartoszewski, Michael J Defranco
This study characterized injury patterns and reported clinical outcomes of all-arthroscopic management of full-thickness rotator cuff tears among military patients younger than 40 years. A retrospective review was performed of prospective data for 42 patients younger than 40 years who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and, in some cases, concomitant labral repair. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations (minimum follow-up, 2 years; mean, 41 months; range, 24-66 months) included range of motion, visual analog scale (VAS) score, Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Shoulder Score...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153963/shear-wave-elastography-swe-for-monitoring-of-treatment-of-tendinopathies-a-double-blinded-longitudinal-clinical-study
#6
Timm Dirrichs, Valentin Quack, Matthias Gatz, Markus Tingart, Björn Rath, Marcel Betsch, Christiane K Kuhl, Simone Schrading
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy with which shear wave elastography (SWE) can be used to monitor response to treatment of tendinopathies, and to compare it to conventional ultrasound (US)-imaging methods (B-mode US (B-US) and power Doppler US (PD-US)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective Institutional Review Board-approved longitudinal study on 35 patients with 47 symptomatic tendons (17 Achilles-, 15 patellar-, and 15 humeral-epicondylar) who underwent standardized multimodal US and standardized clinical assessment before and after 6 months of treatment (tailored stretching exercise, sport break, and local Polidocanol) was carried out...
November 16, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146093/treatment-status-and-radiographic-features-of-patients-with-atypical-femoral-fractures
#7
Hiroshi Hagino, Naoto Endo, Tetsuji Yamamoto, Atsushi Harada, Jun Iwamoto, Naoki Kondo, Tasuku Mashiba, Satoshi Mori, Junichi Nakamura, Seiji Ohtori, Akinori Sakai, Junichi Takada, Yoshiharu Kato
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has been surveying approximately 3000 orthopedic surgery hospitals and clinics with inpatient facilities nationwide to collect information on atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) and patient characteristics since 2010. The present study aims to examine radiographic images and clarify the relationship between radiographic and patient characteristics of patients with AFF and treatment status. METHODS: The study involved 1996 facilities certified as clinical training sites by the JOA and 912 clinics with inpatient facilities affiliated with the Japanese Clinical Orthopaedic Association (JCOA)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145979/current-ultrasound-application-in-the-foot-and-ankle
#8
REVIEW
Nahum Michael Beard, Robert Patrick Gousse
This article is a comprehensive review of the current utilizations of ultrasound in the treatment of orthopedic conditions of the foot and ankle. It reviews the diagnostic and interventional applications to commonly encountered lower-extremity ailments, including plantar fasciosis, tendinosis, and peripheral nerve disorders. It also outlines minimally invasive ultrasound-guided procedures and emerging therapies as alternatives to current treatments. These emerging therapies can be used to assist surgeons and provide options for patients needing intervention...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145327/current-practice-and-usual-care-of-major-cervical-disorders-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study-of-korean-health-insurance-review-and-assessment-service-national-patient-sample-data
#9
A Ryeon Choi, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Min-Seok Oh, Eun-Jung Lee, Sungchul Kim, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
Neck pain is a highly common condition and is the 4th major cause of years lived with disability. Previous literature has focused on the effect of specific treatments, and observations of actual practice are lacking to date. This study examined Korean health insurance review and assessment service (HIRA) claims data to the aim of assessing prevalence and comparing current medical practice and costs of cervical disorders in Korea.Current practice trends were determined through assessment of prevalence, total expenses, per-patient expense, average days in care, average days of visits, sociodemographic characteristics, distribution of medical costs, and frequency of treatment types of high frequency cervical disorders (cervical sprain/strain, cervical intervertebral disc displacement [IDD], and cervicalgia)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136256/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-inpatient-stroke-after-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly
#10
Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Lauren K Szolomayer, Stephen J Nelson, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Jonathan N Grauer
Although uncommon, stroke can be a catastrophic inpatient complication for patients with hip fractures. The current study determines the incidence of inpatient stroke after hip fractures in elderly patients, identifies risk factors associated with such strokes, and determines the association of stroke with short-term inpatient outcomes. A retrospective review of all patients aged 65 years or older with isolated hip fractures in the 2011 and 2012 National Trauma Data Bank was conducted. A total of 37,584 patients met inclusion criteria...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136255/loss-of-internal-tibial-rotation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Shawn R Brandenburg, Thomas M Matelic
The flexion angle of the knee and the position of the tibia need to be considered during tensioning of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft to avoid overconstraining the knee. The purpose of this report was to describe 2 cases of loss of tibial internal rotation after single-bundle anatomic ACL reconstruction with graft tensioning in flexion. Retrospective review of each patient's operative chart revealed that the graft was tensioned in flexion and placed in an anatomic position in the femoral tunnel at the time of the index operation...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135566/management-of-hypertonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#12
Nickolas J Nahm, H Kerr Graham, Mark E Gormley, Andrew G Georgiadis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review provides an update on the treatment of hypertonia in cerebral palsy, including physical management, pharmacotherapy, neurosurgical, and orthopedic procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Serial casting potentiates the effect of Botulinum neurotoxin A injections for spasticity. Deep brain stimulation, intraventricular baclofen, and ventral and dorsal rhizotomy are emerging tools for the treatment of dystonia and/or mixed tone. The long-term results of selective dorsal rhizotomy and the timing of orthopedic surgery represent recent advances in the surgical management of hypertonia...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131775/traumatic-hip-dislocation-what-the-orthopedic-surgeon-wants-to-know
#13
Jacob C Mandell, Richard A Marshall, Michael J Weaver, Mitchel B Harris, Aaron D Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Hip dislocation is an important orthopedic emergency usually seen in young patients who have experienced high-energy trauma, often resulting in significant long-term morbidity. Rapid identification and reduction is critical, as prolonged dislocation increases the risk of developing avascular necrosis of the femoral head, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis is a common complication, even in the absence of associated fractures. Identification and timely management of hip dislocation are highly dependent on imaging, both at presentation and after attempted reduction...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130804/is-metal-particle-release-associated-with-peri-implant-bone-destruction-an-emerging-concept
#14
T Fretwurst, K Nelson, D P Tarnow, H-L Wang, W V Giannobile
Peri-implant diseases affecting the surrounding structures of endosseous dental implants include peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. The prevalence of peri-implantitis ranges between 15% and 20% after 10 y, highlighting the major challenge in clinical practice in the rehabilitation of dental implant patients. The widespread nature of peri-implant bone loss poses difficulties in the management of biological complications affecting the long-term success of osseointegrated implant reconstructions. Metal and titanium particles have been detected in peri-implant supporting tissues...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130357/biological-effects-of-metal-degradation-in-hip-arthroplasties
#15
Donatella Granchi, Lucia Maria Savarino, Gabriela Ciapetti, Nicola Baldini
Metals and metal alloys are the most used materials in orthopedic implants. The focus is on total hip arthroplasty (THA) that, though well tolerated, may be associated with local and remote adverse effects in the medium-long term. This review aims to summarize data on the biological consequences of the metal implant degradation that have been attributed predominantly to metal-on-metal (MoM) THA. Local responses to metals consist of a broad clinical spectrum ranging from small asymptomatic tissue lesions to severe destruction of bone and soft tissues, which are designated as metallosis, adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD), aseptic lymphocytic vasculitis associated lesion (ALVAL), and pseudotumors...
November 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129946/application-of-materials-as-medical-devices-with-localized-drug-delivery-capabilities-for-enhanced-wound-repair
#16
Esther J Lee, Beom Kang Huh, Se Na Kim, Jae Yeon Lee, Chun Gwon Park, Antonios G Mikos, Young Bin Choy
The plentiful assortment of natural and synthetic materials can be leveraged to accommodate diverse wound types, as well as different stages of the healing process. An ideal material is envisioned to promote tissue repair with minimal inconvenience for patients. Traditional materials employed in the clinical setting often invoke secondary complications, such as infection, pain, foreign body reaction, and chronic inflammation. This review surveys the repertoire of surgical sutures, wound dressings, surgical glues, orthopedic fixation devices and bone fillers with drug eluting capabilities...
August 2017: Progress in Materials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128537/biomaterials-for-articular-cartilage-tissue-engineering-learning-from-biology
#17
REVIEW
A R Armiento, M J Stoddart, M Alini, D Eglin
Articular cartilage is commonly described as a tissue made of up to 80% water, devoid of blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics, and populated by only one cell type: at first glance, an easy tissue for clinicians to repair and for scientists to reproduce in a laboratory. Yet, chondral and osteochondral defects currently remain an open challenge in orthopedics and tissue engineering of the musculoskeletal system, without considering osteoarthritis. Why do we fail in repairing and regenerating articular cartilage? Behind its simple and homogenous appearance articular cartilage hides a heterogeneous composition, a high level of organisation and specific biomechanical properties that taken together make articular cartilage a unique material that we are not able yet to repair or reproduce with high fidelity...
November 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127246/non-oncologic-applications-of-pet-ct-and-pet-mr-in-musculoskeletal-orthopedic-and-rheumatologic-imaging-general-considerations-techniques-and-radiopharmaceuticals
#18
Ali Gholamrezanezhad, Kyle Basques, Ali Batouli, Mojtaba Olyaie, George Matcuk, Abass Alavi, Hossein Jadvar
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is often underutilized in the field of musculoskeletal imaging, with key reasons including the excellent performance of conventional musculoskeletal MRI, the limited spatial resolution of PET, and the lack of reimbursement for PET for non-oncologic musculoskeletal indications. However, with improvements in PET/CT and PET/MR imaging over the last decade as well as an increased understanding of the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal diseases, there is an emerging potential for PET as a primary or complementary modality in the management of rheumatologic and orthopedic patients...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127017/the-educational-opportunities-provided-by-a-pediatric-orthopedic-urgent-case-review-conference-keep-score-to-provide-a-better-experience
#19
Eric D Shirley, Radu Gheorghe, Kevin M Neal, Gary Kiebzak, Steven L Frick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of conditions presented at a case conference to assess resident educational exposure to acute pediatric orthopedic conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective review of emergency department and inpatient consultations presented at a daily pediatric orthopedic case conference over a 3-year period. Consultations were divided into 3-month resident rotation blocks for analysis. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital in the southern United States which host residents from 2 orthopedic surgery residency programs...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126382/analysis-of-medical-service-use-of-knee-osteoarthritis-and-knee-meniscal-and-ligament-injuries-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study-of-national-patient-sample-data
#20
Chang Yong Suh, Yoon Jae Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Wonil Koh, Yun-Yeop Cha, Byung-Cheul Shin, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Kristin Suhr, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) and meniscal and ligament injuries of the knee are the two most common knee disorders in Korea. The aim of this study was to analyze the demographic characteristics, medical service use and related costs for these disorders, and the results are expected to help inform practitioners, researchers, and policy-makers. METHODS: The present study aimed to evaluate incidence and patient characteristics, and to assess current medical service use, usual care, and medical expenses of knee disorders by analyzing 2014 national patient sample data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
79516
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"