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Orthopedic review

Yang Xiong, Lin Xu, Xing Yu, Yongdong Yang, Dingyan Zhao, Zhengguo Hu, Chuanhong Li, He Zhao, Lijun Duan, Bingbing Zhang, Sixue Chen, Tao Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the mid-term outcomes of hybrid surgery and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for the treatment of contiguous 2-segment cervical degenerative disc diseases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hybrid surgery has become one of the most controversial subjects in spine communities, and the comparative studies of hybrid surgery and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in the mid- and long-term follow-up are rarely reported...
March 15, 2018: Spine
Annika Selvick, Rita Lloyd
The Nuss procedure has become the predominant reason for the use of metal implants by pediatric general and thoracic surgeons. Current guidelines recommend preimplant testing for all patients undergoing the Nuss procedure, which differs from the guidelines for all other orthopedic procedures. This review was done to further evaluate this discrepancy.
February 28, 2018: Dermatitis
Michael A Mazzeffi, John M See, Brittney Williams, Justin Richards, Darin Zimmerman, Samuel Galvagno, Magali Fontaine, Kenichi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion can be life-saving; however, the risks of RBC transfusion have been increasingly recognized, and current guidelines recommend restrictive transfusion in most patients. We hypothesized that RBC transfusions are decreasing in surgical patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed from 2011 to 2015. Index cases in five surgical specialties were studied: neurosurgery, thoracic surgery, gynecologic surgery, orthopedic surgery, and vascular surgery...
March 14, 2018: Transfusion
Manabu Hoshi, Naoto Oebisu, Tadashi Iwai, Makoto Ieguchi, Yoshitaka Ban, Hiroaki Nakamura
Circumscribed solid nodules are common in pulmonary metastases from sarcoma, but cystic pulmonary metastases from sarcomas are extremely rare. An unusual case of a 33-year-old man presenting with left spontaneous pneumothorax in association with cystic pulmonary metastases from an epithelioid sarcoma in the left forearm was discussed in the present study. The patient underwent wide resection of an epithelioid sarcoma in the left forearm 6 years prior. Periodical computed tomography revealed a gradual increase in the number and size of bilateral multiple cystic pulmonary metastases despite repeated chemotherapy treatment...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Marc-Etienne Parent, François Vézina, Nathalie Carrier, Ariel Masetto
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the indications for and clinical procedures resulting from knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in older patients. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 215 medical records of patients 50 years of age and older who had undergone a unilateral knee MRI in 2009. SETTING: Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke in Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 50 years of age and older who underwent a knee MRI in 2009...
March 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Katarina Bojanić, Ruža Grizelj, Jurica Vuković, Lana Omerza, Marina Grubić, Tomislav Ćaleta, Toby N Weingarten, Darrell R Schroeder, Juraj Sprung
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have a high residual morbidity rate. We compared self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between patients with CDH and healthy children. METHODS: Forty-five patients with CDH who were born from January 1, 1990, through February 15, 2015, were matched to healthy, age-matched control participants at a 1:2 ratio. The health records of the study participants were reviewed to determine comorbid conditions, and HRQoL was assessed by both the participants and their parents with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)...
March 14, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Alan Blank, Norman Otsuka, Timothy Rapp
Bone abnormalities on pediatric radiographs are not uncommon findings for both the general orthopedist as well as the specialist. Although the majority of lesions encountered are benign, the treating physician should also be aware of more concerning diagnoses. General orthopedists and pediatric orthopedists should exhibit a basic level of comfort with working up and diagnosing these benign lesions. When evaluating the pediatric patient with a bone lesion it is crucial to keep in mind important aspects of the clinical history, physical exam, and radiographic findings...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Aldo Riesgo, Frank Liporace
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most catastrophic and difficult to manage complications following total hip and total knee arthroplasty. As the number of total joint arthroplasties continues to increase, the burden of PJI will continue to further strain resources. As such, orthopedic surgeons consider four principles crucial in appropriately managing difficult or complex cases of PJI: identification, debridement, antibiotics, and patience. Indications and techniques for nonoperative treatment, debridement with implant retention, and one- and two-stage exchange arthroplasty are reviewed...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Michael Sobieraj, Scott Marwin
Total joint arthroplasty of the hip and knee are successful orthopedic procedures that reduce pain and improve mobility in patients. As the implanted materials used in these procedures have improved, the lifetime of the implants has now reached more than 20 years. Younger patients are undergoing total joint arthroplasty at increasing rates, which has increased the need for improvements in materials for extended implant longevity. In this review, we aim to provide historical perspective on the evolution of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene in total joint arthroplasty...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Mark Gage, Frank Liporace, Kenneth Egol, Toni McLaurin
Treatment of traumatic bone defects is dictated by a multitude of clinical factors including the defect size, patient comorbidities, soft tissue condition, and the possibility of infection present in the defect. With a variety of treatment strategies described, it is critical to choose the approach that will maximize outcomes in addressing this difficult problem. When addressing small-scale defects, bone grafting is the primary treatment. For large-scale defects, there are two major options to consider: induced membrane technique and distraction osteogenesis...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Nishant Ganesh Kumar, Nicholas Hricz, Brian C Drolet
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is the most common hand surgery operation performed in the United States. While serious complications are rare, they can be life-altering to patients. In some cases, patients will pursue malpractice claims against the surgeon. This study aimed to understand the patient, procedure, and surgeon factors involved in CTR malpractice litigation. METHODS: The Westlaw legal database was queried for all recorded CTR malpractice cases resulting in jury verdicts and settlements...
March 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Andrew E Yang, Jamie M Hall, Gilford S Vincent, Lowell Chambers
Vascular injuries resulting from arthroscopic surgeries are rare with a reported incidence of 0.005% of elective orthopedic procedures. We report a case of a 49-year-old male who developed a deep brachial artery pseudoaneurysm following an arthroscopic shoulder debridement and lysis of adhesions. He was successfully embolized with resolution of the pseudoaneurysm within 6 weeks of treatment. A review of the literature demonstrates that pseudoaneurysm formation after arthroscopic procedures is rare and pseudoaneurysms of the deep brachial artery have yet to be reported...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aurélio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Harrison S Mahon, James E Christensen, Stephen F Brockmeier
Rotator cuff repair is an increasingly common orthopedic procedure. As with any surgical procedure, the complications can be potentially devastating when they do happen to occur. This review attempts to summarize the most frequently encountered complications, including retear, failure to heal, stiffness, missed concomitant pathology, and infection. Also included are several cases that outline the diagnosis and management of these complications.
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Samuel G Antoine, Alexander C Small, James M McKiernan, Ojas Shah
INTRODUCTION: Surgical subspecialty societies release clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to provide topic-specific recommendations to healthcare providers. We hypothesize that there may be significant differences in statement strength and evidence quality both within the American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines and compared to those published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CPGs issued through 2017 were extracted from the AUAnet...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
Wojciech M Glinkowski, Maria Karlińska, Michał Karliński, Elizabeth A Krupiński
The aim of this study is to present a review based on the literature and proceedings from selected telemedicine conferences. The review was developed using the PRISMA framework. The Embase and PubMed (updated until July 13, 2015) literature databases were searched for telemedicine-related terms and Poland. The literature search identified 129 eligible articles in the databases and 85 in conference proceedings until July 2015. Articles measured as a number of contributions per year presented a similar rising, fluctuating and almost parallel pattern...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Keila M Maher, Kwadwo Owusu-Akyaw, Jingzhu Zhou, Mary Cooter, Allison K Ross, Robert K Lark, Brad M Taicher
INTRODUCTION: Surgical correction of pediatric scoliosis is associated with significant blood loss. Minimizing estimated blood loss and blood transfusion is beneficial as transfusions have been associated with increased morbidity, including risk of surgical site infections, longer hospitalizations, and increased cost. Although there is evidence that African-American or Black adults are more likely to require intraoperative blood transfusion compared with Caucasian or White adults, the reasons for this difference are unclear...
March 9, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Jack E Steiner, Catherine E Cottrell, Jenna L Streicher, John N Jensen, David M King, Patricia E Burrows, Dawn H Siegel, Megha M Tollefson, Beth A Drolet, Katherine B Püttgen
Importance: Patients with somatic overgrowth commonly require surgical intervention to preserve function and improve cosmesis. To our knowledge no observation of scarring outcomes in this population has been published to date. Objective: To observe the frequency of abnormal scarring in patients with somatic overgrowth and sequencing-verified mutations in the PIK3CA gene. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study evaluated scarring outcomes in patients with PIK3CA-related overgrowth...
March 7, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Yi-Ling Cai, Jin-Tao Ju, Wen-Bao Liu, Jian Zhang
Introduction: Forward surgical teams (FSTs) have been used as highly mobile surgical facilities that provide "damage control" medical support in modern wars. FST regiments differ greatly in different armed services and nations. We systemically reviewed the utilization of FSTs around the world with an emphasis on the medical conditions and workloads encountered by FSTs in modern wars. Materials and Methods: We searched for terms related to FSTs, such as "Forward Surgical Team" and "Field Surgical Team," in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases and collected any articles that provided numerical data on the organization of medical personnel combat casualty characteristics, including the casualty composition, injury types and locations, and mechanisms of injury, and surgical procedures performed...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Nina Moroz, Robert Sitarz, Andrzej Mruk, Robert Bakalarz, Ewa Maciąg, Jakub Litwiński, Ryszard Wierzbicki
ntroduction: One of the most important goals of preparing a patient for elective gastrointestinal cancer surgery is prevention of postoperative complications. The literature gives many ways to prepare for surgery, but only a few suggests that pre-operative use of rifaximin provides benefits in the form of fewer perioperative complications and reduces the severity of pain during this period. O bjective: The presented project is a retrospective analysis of the effectiveness of rifaximin in the prevention of perioperative complications in patients treated in the Unit of General Surgery with the Orthopedic and Urology in the Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Lublin, and a review of international literature in this subject...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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