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Gun shot wound

Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Peter M Einersen, Ernest E Moore, Michael P Chapman, Hunter B Moore, Eduardo Gonzalez, Christopher C Silliman, Anirban Banerjee, Angela Sauaia
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality after trauma accounting for up to 40% of deaths. Massive transfusion protocols offer a proven benefit in resuscitation of these patients. Recently, the superiority of thrombelastography (TEG)-guided resuscitation over strategies guided by conventional clotting assays has been established. We seek to determine optimal thresholds for rapid (r)-TEG driven resuscitation. METHODS: The r-TEG data were reviewed for 190 patients presenting to our level 1 trauma center from 2010 to 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
V Sterzik, B P Kneubuehl, M Bohnert, F Riva, M Glardon
In medico-legal literature, only a small number of publications deal with lethal injuries caused by shots with modified guns. This might lead to the conclusion that such cases are extremely rare. However, there are cases again and yet again. During the investigation process, the modified gun is of particular importance since it can show an unusual ballistic behaviour. The present paper reports on a suicide of a 60-year-old man, committed with a modified revolver and a lead bullet. The man had a single gunshot wound with entrance at the right temporal bone...
January 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Emma Nally, James Jelinek, Robert D Bunning
Lead toxicity in adults is characterized by nonspecific symptoms of abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, and weight loss. We present a case of severe lead toxicity that developed subacutely, causing quadriparesis 9 years after a gunshot wound with retained bullet fragments. The onset of symptoms may have been related to the development of a pseudocyst. The long interval between the gunshot wound and the onset of symptoms contributed to a delay in suspecting that the retained bullet was a source of lead toxicity...
April 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Kunj G Patel, Lauren E Brandes, Srikanth Kurapati, Emily Boyd, Andrew C Dennison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Carlos Olvera-Caballero, Abel Ortiz-Dominguez
A 15-year-old patient harmed himself upon firing a shotgun that he was carrying when he slipped and fell, causing a destructive wound in the right arm with a medial entry hole and a posterolateral exit hole. The biceps, coracobrachialis, triceps, deltoids, skin cover, and humerus were injured; however, the blood vessels and major nerves of the area were surprisingly not affected. The residual skin muscle defect after debridements was 16 × 5 cm medially and posteriorly, and the bone loss was 7 cm. The wound was reconstructed during a single surgery with a free fibula flap and a pedicled flap of latissimus dorsi...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Rizvi Humaira, Chiu Yuen To, Shyam Moudgil, Richard Fessler
BACKGROUND: Brown-Séquard syndrome is typically caused by penetrating trauma to the cervical spinal cord; however, other compressive and vascular occlusive etiologies have been previously described. It is extremely uncommon to have a delayed presentation as an extramedullary compressive lesion from the venous varix of an acquired spinal arteriovenous fistula. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a patient in the fifth decade of life, with a remote history of gunshot wound to the left thorax with progressive left-sided weakness and contralateral pain and temperature sensory loss secondary to cord compression from an acquired spinal arteriovenous fistula...
September 2, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Paweł Daszkiewicz, Dariusz Dziedzic, Piotr Daszkiewicz
Shot wounds become a growing clinical concern in the civilian setting, due to increasing popularity of air guns among minors. We present a pediatric case of a shot wound to the orbit with sparing of the eyeball and retention of airgun pellet in the retrobulbar space. The pellet was removed 3 months after injury via lateral orbitotomy. Pathophysiology and ballistics of shot wounds are briefly reviewed and current views on the management strategy of shot wounds with retained projectile are discussed.
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Yoshua Esquenazi, Giridhar P Kalamangalam, Omotola A Hope, Sonia N Krish, Jeremy Slater, Nitin Tandon
OBJECTIVE: The surgical management of epilepsy after penetrating gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head has not been described in the modern era. Given the extensive damage to the cranium and cortex from such injuries, the safety and efficacy of surgical intervention are unclear. We report surgical strategy and outcomes after resection for medically refractory epilepsy following GSWs in 4 patients. METHODS: A prospectively compiled database of 325 patients with epilepsy was used to identify patients undergoing surgery for medically refractory epilepsy after a GSW to the brain...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
V M Kondratyuk
Abstract Results of bacteriological investigations of a gun-shot and a mine-explosion woundings of the extremities were analyzed in Military-Medical Clinical Centres (MMCC) of Kyiv, Lviv and Vinnytsya. Spectrum of the allotted microorganisms and profile of their antibioticoresistance were disclosed. The patterns of resistance were determined in accordance to offering of international experts of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST). Dominating microflora in a Chief MMCC (Kyiv) and MMCC of a Western Region (Lviv) were various species of the Enterobacteriaceae and P...
April 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Irshad Altheimer, Lonnie M Schaible, John Klofas, Michelle Comeau
The objective of this study is to hone in on the contextual, social, and individual characteristics that influence lethal outcomes across shootings. Although most criminological research focuses on differential outcomes for gun violence relative to nongun violence, we argue that great insight can be drawn through examining shootings in isolation. We focus on five ways that shooting outcomes vary: the number of shots fired, the number of times the victim was hit, where the victim was hit, the number of victims that were hit, and whether the shooting resulted in a fatality...
June 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Steven D Dolacky, Aimee A Wehber, Dale C Wortham, Madhur A Roberts, Brooke R Kaiser, Jeffrey B Hirsh
A 47-year-old man with a history of ischemic cardiomyopathy and chronic systolic heart failure presented after he inadvertently shot himself in the left upper chest with a pneumatic nail gun, penetrating his implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) generator. The device was noninterrogable, consistent with device failure. A new ICD was attached to the existing right ventricular lead, which showed no evidence of traumatic damage and normal lead parameters on interrogation. Aggressive debridement and antibiotic irrigation of the ICD pocket was performed and an antibacterial envelope was used...
December 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Zach Z Zhang, Daniel A Peters, Murray Allen, Kirsty U Boyd
Neuronavigation, a ubiquitous tool used in neurosurgery, is rarely used in maxillofacial reconstructive surgery despite it offering many advantages without any disadvantage to the patient. The present report describes one patient with complex gun-shot wound facial injury and one patient with a rare malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor involving the skull base, in which neuronavigation was used to improve the accuracy of bony reduction and minimize surgical invasiveness. Although neuronavigation is not necessary for all maxillofacial surgery, it can be a useful adjunct in complex maxillofacial reconstruction and maxillofacial tumor resection...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
O V Ligonenko, M M Borysenko, I I Digtyar, D M Ivashchenko, A B Zubakha, I O Chorna, I A Shumeyko, O V Storozhenko, L I Gorb, O O Ligonenko
The method of prognostication of infectious complications in a gun-shot wound was elaborated, using the methods of logistic regression analysis.
December 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
S O Korohl, I I Zherdev, A M Domanskiy
Experience of medical sorting of 434 injured persons with a gun-shot woundings of extremities in 2014-2015 yrs is adduced. The principles of organization and treatment for medical sorting of wounded persons were elaborated. Prognostic intrahospital, diagnostic and evacuation--transport sorting was introduced in wounded persons in the IV level hospital, concerning severity of traumatic shock and prognosis of their survival.
December 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Paula Ferrada, Molly Flannagan, Nicholas Namias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jowan G Penn-Barwell, Ian D Sargeant
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of high-energy gun-shot wounds (GSWs) to the extremities is challenging. Recent surgical doctrine states that wound tracts from high-energy GSWs should be laid open, however the experience from previous conflicts suggests that some of these injuries can be managed more conservatively. The aim of this study is to firstly characterise the GSW injuries sustained by UK forces, and secondly test the hypothesis that the likely severity of GSWs can be predicted by features of the wound...
May 2016: Injury
O V Ligonenko, M M Borysenko, I I Digtyar, D M Ivashchenko, A B Zubakha, I O Chorna, I A Shumeyko, O V Storozhenko, L I Gorb, O O Ligonenko
The results of complex therapy of the injured persons, suffering shot-gun wound of soft tissues in multiple allergy to antibiotics, using local bacteriophagotherapy, were analyzed.
October 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
S O Korohl
Complex of the treatment measures, conducted in 302 wounded persons, suffering the gun-shot and mine-explosive injuries of the foot in 2014 - 2015 yrs, was analyzed. Primary surgical processing of the wound was conducted in all injured persons, secondary surgical processing--in 64.6%, the foot bones osteosynthesis--in 13.9%, primary immobilization, using improvised tire--in 77.8%, secondary immobilization, using the plaster splint--in 48.1%, llizarov's spokes--in 35.2%, Ilizarov's apparatus--in 18.5%, the rods apparatuses of external fixation--in 16...
November 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
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