keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

xerosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911432/-eye-lid-hygiene-in-chronic-allergic-blepharoconjunctivitis-patients-before-laser-refractive-surgery
#1
S V Yanchenko, A V Malyshev, S N Sakhnov, N V Fedotova, O Yu Orekhova
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of eyelid hygiene in patients with chronic allergic blepharoconjunctivitis (ABC) as a part of their preparation for laser refractive surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients (12 males and 20 females aged 25-42 years) with refractive errors, namely, compound myopic astigmatism (23 patients) and hyperopic astigmatism (9 patients) suffering from chronic ABC and secondary dry eye syndrome (DES). All the patients initially received a standard treatment for ABC and DES, that is olopatodin hydrochloride instillations - 1 mg/ml 2 times daily, preservative-free hyaluronic acid preparation - 1 mg/ml 3 times daily, and polyacrylic acid and dexpanthenol gel at night for one month...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879948/efficacy-and-local-tolerability-of-different-spray-products-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-acne-of-the-back-and-chest-a-controlled-3-arm-assessor-blinded-prospective-trial
#2
Ada Lo Schiavo, Rosa V Puca, Francesca Romano, Massimo Milani
BACKGROUND: A spray formulation containing 2 vitamin-A derivatives (hydroxypinacolone retinoate and retinol) carried in glycospheres (RetinSphere®) combined with an antimicrobial peptide (BIOPEP-15), salicylic acid and vitamin E (BR) has been recently developed for the treatment of truncal acne. We evaluated clinical efficacy of BR in comparison with two commonly used sprays, containing triethylcitrate and ethylinoleate (AK) and containing betaine, glycine and salicylic acid 2% (SP)...
November 23, 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875703/prevalence-and-characterization-of-neonatal-skin-disorders-in-the-first-72h-of-life
#3
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Damie DeVilla, Fernanda M Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Letícia P Peres, Raquel B Steglich, Tania F Cestari
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neonatal dermatological findings and analyze whether there is an association between these findings and neonatal and pregnancy characteristics and seasonality. METHODS: Newborns from three maternity hospitals in a Brazilian capital city were randomly selected to undergo dermatological assessment by dermatologists. RESULTS: 2938 neonates aged up to three days of life were randomly selected, of whom 309 were excluded due to Intensive Care Unit admission...
November 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871086/the-influence-of-two-different-foam-creams-on-skin-barrier-repair-of-foot-xerosis-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-intra-individual-study
#4
Dorothee Daehnhardt, Stephan Daehnhardt-Pfeiffer, Judith Schulte-Walter, Thomas Neubourg, Eckhard Hanisch, Christel Schmetz, Marion Breuer, Regina Fölster-Holst
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dry skin, or xerosis, is a common condition and a key feature of skin diseases like atopic dermatitis (AD) and ichthyosis vulgaris. Foot xerosis may exist without underlying disease and could be related to very mild forms of AD or ichthyosis vulgaris. The synthesis of important skin lipids (cholesterol, free fatty acids and ceramides) is reduced in xerosis and AD, and reduced lipid synthesis is responsible for a lack of lipids and enzymes in the skin barrier. This slows down reorganisation of the lipid lamellae in the stratum corneum (SC)...
November 22, 2016: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846299/hyperglycemia-induces-skin-barrier-dysfunctions-with-impairment-of-epidermal-integrity-in-non-wounded-skin-of-type-1-diabetic-mice
#5
Junko Okano, Hideto Kojima, Miwako Katagi, Takahiko Nakagawa, Yuki Nakae, Tomoya Terashima, Takeshi Kurakane, Mamoru Kubota, Hiroshi Maegawa, Jun Udagawa
Diabetes causes skin complications, including xerosis and foot ulcers. Ulcers complicated by infections exacerbate skin conditions, and in severe cases, limb/toe amputations are required to prevent the development of sepsis. Here, we hypothesize that hyperglycemia induces skin barrier dysfunction with alterations of epidermal integrity. The effects of hyperglycemia on the epidermis were examined in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice with/without insulin therapy. The results showed that dye leakages were prominent, and transepidermal water loss after tape stripping was exacerbated in diabetic mice...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824277/novel-bioactive-from-lactobacillus-brevis-dsm17250-to-stimulate-the-growth-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-a-pilot-study
#6
C Holz, J Benning, M Schaudt, A Heilmann, J Schultchen, D Goelling, C Lang
Commensal skin microbiota plays an important role in both influencing the immune response of the skin and acting as a barrier against colonisation of potentially pathogenic microorganisms and overgrowth of opportunistic pathogens. Staphylococcus epidermidis is a key constituent of the normal microbiota on human skin. It balances the inflammatory response after skin injury and produces antimicrobial molecules that selectively inhibit skin pathogens. Here we describe Lactobacillus brevis DSM17250 that was identified among hundreds of Lactobacillus strains to exhibit an anti-inflammatory effect in human keratinocytes in vitro and specific stimulatory impact on the growth of S...
November 8, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815985/the-effectiveness-of-using-a-bath-oil-to-reduce-signs-of-dry-skin-a-randomized-controlled-pragmatic-study
#7
Jan Kottner, Varvara Kanti, Gabor Dobos, Elisabeth Hahnel, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Claudia Richter, Kathrin Hillmann, Annika Vogt, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
BACKGROUND: Dry skin (xerosis cutis) is increasingly recognized as a relevant health problem in daily life and in health and nursing care. The use of bath additives such as oils is common to reduce dry skin, but empirical evidence supporting this practice is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using a bath oil additive in improving skin barrier function and ameliorating dry skin in comparison to non-oil containing skin cleansers for bathing or showering...
January 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748034/development-of-bullous-pemphigoid-during-the-haemodialysis-of-a-young-man-case-report-and-literature-survey
#8
Katarzyna Osipowicz, Agnieszka Kalinska-Bienias, Cezary Kowalewski, Katarzyna Wozniak
Haemodialysis is the most frequent form of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with end-stage renal disorder (ESRD). Patients with ESRD frequently develop skin problems, mainly xerosis, pruritus and hyperpigmentation, as well as bullous diseases, mainly porphyria or pseudoporphyria and, in some cases, bullous pemphigoid (BP). BP is the most common autoimmune sub-epidermal blistering disease, and it predominantly affects elderly people. Clinically, BP is characterised by generalised pruritic, bullous eruptions and urticaria-like lesions...
October 17, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731889/a-plant-oil-containing-ph-4-emulsion-improves-epidermal-barrier-structure-and-enhances-ceramide-levels-in-aged-skin
#9
J Blaak, D Dähnhardt, S Dähnhardt-Pfeiffer, S Bielfeldt, K-P Wilhelm, R Wohlfart, P Staib
OBJECTIVE: Xerosis is a serious problem among the very old. It is a dermatological challenge caused by significant alterations in stratum corneum (SC) function and structure. Two negative changes in aged skin are (i) the enhanced skin surface pH and (ii) the altered SC lipid content, composition and ordering. METHODS: Therefore, we investigated the way in which an acidic skin care product with different plant oils affects SC function, structure and lipid profile in older subjects with dry skin...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688442/dermatoses-among-children-from-celebration-of-holi-the-spring-festival-in-india-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#10
Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Megha Agarwal, Olympia Rudra
BACKGROUND: "Holi" is a spring festival celebrated primarily in the Indian subcontinent and also abroad by expatriate Indians. It is a festival of colors, traditionally celebrated by mutual application of colors in different forms on a particular day of the year. These colors frequently comprise a range of synthetic dyes which have harmful effects on the skin and mucosae. Children take part in this colorful festival with much enthusiasm and vigor, making them prone to develop different "Holi"-related dermatoses...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647359/cutaneous-problems-in-elderly-diabetics-a-population-based-comparative-cross-sectional-survey
#11
N Asokan, V G Binesh
BACKGROUND: There are few population-based studies on prevalence of cutaneous problems in diabetes mellitus. AIMS: To identify skin problems associated with diabetes mellitus among elderly persons in a village in Kerala. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional survey, we compared the prevalence of skin problems among 287 elderly diabetics (aged 65 years or more) with 275 randomly selected elderly persons without diabetes mellitus...
September 20, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642449/-cutaneous-manifestations-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis-in-a-developing-country
#12
Gérard Coulibaly, Nina Korsaga-Somé, Dorisse Fernade Yongué Fomena, Yacouba Nagalo, Adama Roger Karambiri, Alban Bassolet, Hyacinthe Kafando, Adama Traoré, Adama Lengani
Our study aims to highlight the most common skin disorders in patients on chronic hemodialysis at the University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHU-YO) in Ouagadougou. The study, of transverse type descriptive, carried out of September 15 to December 31, 2014, is unrolled with the CHU-YO. This descriptive transversal study was conducted at the CHU-YO from September 15 to December 31, 2014. It involved patients who had been on chronic dialysis for at least 3 months. The frequency of hemodialysis sessions was one every five days...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638433/the-dark-side-of-the-light-phototherapy-adverse-effects
#13
Margarida Moura Valejo Coelho, Margarida Apetato
Phototherapy is a valuable therapeutic tool in Dermatology, but there may be drawbacks. Acute and long-term adverse effects, of variable severity, include skin erythema, xerosis, pruritus, blistering, altered pigmentation, photoaging, and photocarcinogenesis. Despite concerns over the carcinogenic potential of ultraviolet radiation, most studies have not found an increased risk of non-melanoma or melanoma skin cancer in patients treated with ultraviolet B (broadband and narrowband) and ultraviolet A1 phototherapy...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628905/lichen-amyloidosus-as-a-sweat-gland-duct-related-disorder-resolution-associated-with-restoration-of-sweating-disturbance
#14
Y Shimoda, Y Sato, Y Hayashida, Y Yamazaki, Y Mizukawa, K Nakajima, T Shiohara, Y Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Although a number of pathological processes resulting in amyloid deposition has been described in lichen amyloidosus (LA), no attention has been given to the involvement of sweat glands/ducts in the pathogenesis of LA. According to recent studies, the follicular structures are usually spared in serial histologic sections of LA and deposits of amyloid are likely to be confined to areas that display xerosis, suggesting that decreases in skin wetness by sweating disturbance seem to initiate LA...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584964/abberant-sudomotor-functions-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-comparable-study-with-atopic-dermatitis-on-dry-skin-manifestation
#15
Ichiro Katayama
This chapter summarizes recent advances in the pathogenesis and management of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Major topics are newly described pathomechanisms and cutaneous manifestations of SS, with special references to hypohidrosis and related mucocutaneous manifestations. Although the significance of cutaneous manifestations in SS has been gradually recognized in rheumatologists, sudomotor function has not been fully evaluated and recognized in the diagnosis of SS except by dermatologists. SS is a relatively underestimated collagen disease in contrast to systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, or dermatomyositis, and special care is needed not to misdiagnose SS when we see patients with common skin diseases such as drug eruption, infectious skin disease, or xerosis in daily practice...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584962/histamine-modulates-sweating-and-affects-clinical-manifestations-of-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Aya Takahashi, Saki Tani, Hiroyuki Murota, Ichiro Katayama
Many factors such as food or environmental allergens, bacteria, fungi, and mental stress aggravate the condition of atopic dermatitis (AD) eczema. Sweating can also exacerbate AD, and patients are aware of that. In the past, it has been reported that contamination of skin surface antigens by sweat induces acute allergic reactions and that sweating functions of AD patients via axonal reflexes are decreased. Histamine demonstrably inhibits acetylcholine-induced sweating in both mice and humans via histamine H1 receptor-mediated signaling...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578088/itch-management-in-the-elderly
#17
Tabi Anika Leslie
Itch is a common symptom in the elderly population over 65 years old, and is often a chronic condition lasting more than 6 weeks. As in all age groups, but especially in the elderly, there can be a significant effect on the general health status and quality of life, with impaired daily activities and lack of sleep, which can also lead in some cases to depression or anxiety. The cause of chronic itch in the elderly is often multifactorial due to physiological changes in the aging skin, including impaired skin barrier function, and also due to decline in immunological (immunosenescence), neurological, and psychological changes associated with age...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571439/the-weeks-and-the-cumulative-doses-of-the-first-adverse-events-related-to-oral-isotretinoin-in-acne-patients-analysis-of-300-patients
#18
Duriye Deniz Demirseren, Fadime Kilinc, Selma Emre, Mesut Akyol, Ahmet Metin, Akin Aktas
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to find out in which weeks and in which cumulative doses the side effects emerge and to study whether or not there is a significant variance between the observed period and doses of the emergent side effects of the patients taking the daily doses of below and above 0.5 mg/kg. METHODS: Patients were started treatment with doses of 0.25-1 mg/kg isotretinoin, and a form was given to the patients to mark which probable side effects occurred in which weeks and called for weekly follow-up for the first 2 months...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551173/dermatological-findings-in-turkish-paediatric-haematology-oncology-patients
#19
Umit Uksal, Pinar Ozturk, Emine Colgecen, Nazan Taslidere, Turkan Patiroglu, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Murat Borlu
OBJECTIVE: Diagnoses of skin, mucosae, hair and nail manifestations in malignant diseases are often challenging because of life-threatening drug reactions, opportunistic infections or skin involvement of primary processes. Description of morphology, configuration and distribution of lesions is important in order to differentiate the self-healing eruptions from serious side effects of chemotherapy. There are case reports from Turkey including dermatological manifestations of malignancies and case series in adult patients but there are no published large group studies assessing all manifestations in children...
June 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512351/prevalence-of-skin-disorders-in-primary-and-secondary-school-age-children-in-canakkale-turkey-a-community-based-survey
#20
Aysegul Uludağ, Sevilay Oguz Kılıc, Selda Isık, Yusuf Haydar Ertekin, Murat Tekin, Sibel Cevizci, Zerrin Ogretmen, Naci Topaloglu, Erkan Melih Sahin, Birol Cıbık
INTRODUCTION: Skin lesions may be of dermatological importance, affect appearance, and cause problems communicating with peers and may be especially more significant in childhood. AIM: Information on the prevalence of pediatric dermatoses in Western Turkey. This study was aimed to define the existing data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Canakkale, Turkey, in September-December 2013. It involved 1,957 students from five randomly selected primary and secondary schools...
June 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
keyword
keyword
79498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"