keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

xerosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436313/longitudinal-thumbnail-fissures-due-to-erlotinib-therapy-for-lung-cancer
#1
Constantin A Dasanu, Juliana A Argote, Scott M Lippman, Steven C Plaxe
While therapy with epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors leads to meaningful clinical responses in several tumor types, it has also been linked with perplexing toxic effects. Skin effects of these agents such as generalized papulo-pustular rash, trichomegaly, fingertip fissures, xerosis, pruritus and paronichias are now well characterized. Though uncommon, nail atrophic changes have also been described in subjects treated with these classes of agents. We describe herein unusual longitudinal thumbnail fissures caused by erlotinib therapy for metastatic lung cancer...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403910/topical-application-of-jaungo-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Younghee Yun, Youme Ko, Jin-Hyang Ahn, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Kyuseok Kim, Seong-Gyu Ko, Inhwa Choi
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common pruritic inflammatory skin disease with increasing prevalence. It can manifest with many different clinical phenotypes; however, in its chronic stage, hyperpigmentation, excoriation, lichenification, and dryness are the main symptoms. Jaungo comprises two herbs, Lithospermi radix and Angelica gigantis radix, and three carrier oils, and is an approved herbal ointment for xerosis cutis in Korea. In past studies, we demonstrated that Jaungo had anti-inflammatory and antiallergic activity in in vitro and in vivo AD models; however, there are few relevant randomized controlled clinical trials on Jaungo in AD...
April 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400639/association-of-dermatoses-with-duration-and-quantum-of-alcohol-intake-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yugal Kishor Sharma, Pankaj Shukla, Roopa Nayak, Preeti Kothari, Aayush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol intake impacts skin directly, through organ dysfunction or by modifying preexisting dermatoses. However, dermatoses afflicting chronic alcoholics figure in a few studies only. AIM: This study aims to correlate the spectrum of dermatoses in chronic alcoholics with the quantum/duration of alcohol intake and raised liver transaminases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult males, totaling 196, ascertained to fulfill the Royal College of Psychiatry criteria for chronic alcoholism by the de-addiction center and referred for dermatological consult were enrolled as cases, and similar number of age-/sex-matched teetotallers, as controls...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392643/rosacea-subtypes-visually-and-optically-distinct-when-viewed-with-parallel-polarized-imaging-technique
#4
In Hyuk Kwon, Jae Eun Choi, Soo Hong Seo, Young Chul Kye, Hyo Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND: Parallel-polarized light (PPL) photography evaluates skin characteristics by analyzing light reflections from the skin surface. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the significance of quantitative analysis of PPL images in rosacea patients, and to provide a new objective evaluation method for use in clinical research and practice. METHODS: A total of 49 rosacea patients were enrolled. PPL images using green and white light emitting diodes (LEDs) were taken of the lesion and an adjacent normal area...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371078/efficacy-of-an-emollient-containing-diethylene-glycol-dilinoleic-acid-copolymer-for-the-treatment-of-dry-skin-and-pruritus-in-patients-with-senile-xerosis
#5
Runa Izumi, Osamu Negi, Tamie Suzuki, Mitsutoshi Tominaga, Atsuko Kamo, Yasushi Suga, Shoko Matsukuma, Kenji Takamori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pruritus frequently reduces quality of life (QOL) in patients with senile xerosis. This study investigated the moisturizing and antipruritic effects of a topical emollient containing a diethylene glycol/dilinoleic acid copolymer (D/DC) in patients with pruritic senile xerosis. METHODS: This single-blind study involved 50 subjects, aged 50-75 years. Patients were randomized to self-applied treatment of the lower legs with 10% (n = 20) or 20% (n = 20) D/DC-containing cream, white petrolatum (n = 5), or no treatment (n = 5) thrice daily for four weeks...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295859/adverse-effects-of-isotretinoin-a-large-retrospective-review
#6
Piotr Brzezinski, Katarzyna Borowska, Anca Chiriac, Janusz Smigielski
Acne is a very common and disfiguring disease that affects mostly adolescents and, to some extent, adults. The objective of our study was to estimate the adverse effects after isotretinoin by treatment of 3,525 patients due to acne vulgaris in a 5-year observation. Retrospective, comparative study was carried out in Poland and Romania from January 2012 to August 2016. Inclusion criteria into this study were moderate, severe, and nodulocystic inflammatory acne vulgaris. Exclusion criteria were mild acne, pregnant, and lactating women...
March 14, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291206/-potential-for-use-of-hydroxypropyl-guar-in-tear-substitute-therapy
#7
V V Brzhesky, S Yu Golubev
Of the large number of polymers used in artificial tear formulations, natural polysaccharides - hydroxypropyl guar, sodium hyaluronate, chondroitin sulfate, dextran, etc., are gaining more and more popularity. Hydroxypropyl guar stands out through its ability to form a long-lasting structured matrix adhered to the damaged ocular surface and ensuring good wettability of the latter and regeneration of epithelial cells. At that, the viscosity of hydroxypropyl guar increases with increasing tear pH (which, in turn, correlates with the severity of xerosis) and further prolongs the moisturizing effect...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290623/sequential-monitoring-of-pigmented-lesions-during-dabrafenib-treatment-a-prospective-study-and-a-literature-overview
#8
Emi Dika, Martina Lambertini, Pier A Fanti, Bianca M Piraccini, Carlotta Gurioli, Giulia M Ravaioli, Marco A Chessa, Alessandro Traniello Gradassi, Barbara Melotti, Francesca Sperandi, Annalisa Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Targeted therapies in melanoma have shown clinical benefit in incrementing the overall survival of metastatic patients. However, cutaneous adverse events have been frequently associated with these drugs. METHODS: We report our experience in the management of patients treated with dabrafenib for metastatic melanoma, focusing on the monitoring of pigmented lesions. Dermatologic evaluation was performed during the first visit, at the start of each treatment and subsequently after every four weeks...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264610/corynebacterium-species-causing-breast-abscesses-among-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-chennai-south-india
#9
Indira Poojary, Ann Kurian, Jayalekshmi V A, Debora Devapriya J, Thirunarayan M A
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium species other than Corynebacterium diphtheriae were mostly considered contaminants in the past, but there are reports of their association with wide variety of human infections lately. In this study, we look into Corynebacterium species isolated from breast abscess patients and assess their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and treatment outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pus samples from suspected breast abscess cases were examined from October 2014 to September 2015...
July 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217465/cutaneous-manifestations-in-disorders-of-hepatobiliary-system
#10
Shashi K Godara, Devinder M Thappa, Biju Pottakkatt, Abdoul Hamide, Jagadisan Barath, Malathi Munisamy, Minu J Chiramel
BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary diseases are associated with various mucocutaneous changes that are directly and indirectly associated with these diseases. There is a dearth of studies from India dealing with cutaneous manifestations in liver disorders. AIM: This study was conducted to know the spectrum of cutaneous changes and their correlation with liver function tests in patients with disorders of hepatobiliary system. METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted among in patients and outpatients with primary hepatobiliary disorders at a tertiary care center in South India...
January 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#11
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214613/the-effectiveness-of-standardized-skin-care-regimens-on-skin-dryness-in-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-pragmatic-trial
#12
Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn, Gabor Dobos, Andrea Stroux, Natalie Garcia Bartels, Irina Jahnke, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Heike Neels-Herzmann, Anja Klasen, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Aged residents of institutional long-term care facilities are at high risk for developing skin and tissue diseases. Besides various common skin problems, dry skin (xerosis cutis) is one of the most frequent skin conditions in this setting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of two structured skin care regimens in comparison to routine skin care on xerosis cutis in nursing home residents. DESIGN: A multi-center, pragmatic, randomized, controlled, investigator blinded study with three parallel groups...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205205/regression-of-cutaneous-xerosis-with-emollient-treatment-in-sub-saharan-african-patients
#13
Franck Boralevi, Alain-Patrice Meledie N'Djong, Pauline Yao Yoboue, Ousmane Faye, Mame Thierno Dieng, Sophie Coniquet, Félix Atadokpede, Pascal Antoine Niamba, Alain Delarue, Christine Cazeau
Emollients have proven effective in improving cutaneous xerosis in various populations; however, no clinical data are available for African patients. The observational study "Xerafrica" was conducted by dermatologists in seven sub-Saharan countries to assess the evolution of xerosis after an 8-week treatment with an emollient. Patients were children above 3 years or adults. Secondary objectives were to assess pruritus, improvement in symptoms, quality of life, satisfaction, and tolerance. An analysis of 185 patients was made...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196317/common-skin-conditions-in-children-noninfectious-rashes
#14
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Cutaneous adverse drug reactions are among the most common noninfectious rashes of childhood. Cutaneous adverse drug reactions are classified as morbilliform, urticarial, bullous, pustular, or psoriasiform. Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common inflammatory cutaneous eruptions, and is characterized by pruritus and flexural distribution. Emollients and topical corticosteroids are first-line therapies. Topical calcineurin inhibitors are second-line, steroid-sparing drugs for certain conditions, such as face and eyelid eczema...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191040/moisturisers-for-the-treatment-of-foot-xerosis-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Justin Parker, Rolf Scharfbillig, Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: Xerosis, literally dryness of the skin, of the foot is a common condition encountered clinically, which can lead to discomfort and predisposition to infection. Currently, there are no evidence-based recommendations on which moisturiser formulations best alleviate xerotic symptoms. The aim of this review was to guide clinical practice in the treatment of primary and diabetes related foot xerosis, by identifying from the existing literature the most effective ingredient or formulation of topical treatments for symptoms of primary foot xerosis in the general population...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131849/characterization-and-biocompatibility-evaluation-of-cutaneous-formulations-containing-lipid-nanoparticles
#16
F Eiras, M H Amaral, R Silva, E Martins, J M Sousa Lobo, A C Silva
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are well-known systems that show effectiveness to improve skin hydration, being suggested for cosmetic and dermatological use. Nonetheless, NLC dispersions present low viscosity, which is non-attractive for cutaneous application. To circumvent this drawback, the dispersions can be gelled or incorporated in semisolid systems, increasing the final formulation consistency. In this study, we prepared a hydrogel based on NLC containing vitamin E (HG-NLCVE) and evaluated its suitability for cutaneous application...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120350/efficacy-of-a-rhealba-%C3%A2-oat-extract-based-emollient-on-chronic-pruritus-in-elderly-french-outpatients
#17
J Theunis, H Chaussade, O Bourgeois, V Mengeaud
BACKGROUND: Chronic pruritus, defined as itch persisting more than 6 weeks, is a debilitating problem that affects one in four elderly adults. Emollients are recommended for the management of pruritus, but evidence of efficacy is scarce. OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of a Rhealba(®) Oat Extract-based emollient in the management of chronic pruritus in elderly outpatients. METHODS: This was a randomized, mono-centric, open-label, cross-over study in adults ≥60 years of age with xerosis associated with chronic pruritus...
February 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112767/nutritional-status-and-habitual-dietary-intake-are-associated-with-frail-skin-conditions-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#18
S Iizaka, S Nagata, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of frail skin is important in older people because frail skin is associated with a risk of injury in this population. In this study, we investigated the association of nutritional status and habitual dietary intake with skin conditions in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. PARTICIPANTS: Older people aged ≥65 years without care-need certification (n=118)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095570/efficacy-of-a-skin-condition-adapted-solution-for-xerosis-and-itch-relief-associated-with-aging
#19
Ramsin Joseph Yadgar, Adam J Friedman
In recent decades, the stratum corneum (SC), has been recognized for its multifunctional role in maintaining the homeostasis of the human epidermal barrier. A better understanding of the SC's ability to act as its own biosensor in detecting dysfunction and integrating restorative actions can help identify the origin of certain skin conditions. A more holistic understanding of the morphological changes of the SC during the natural aging process and how it deviates in disease states can help bring about new treatment strategies...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078772/skin-cleansing-and-emolliating-for-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#20
Jill Brooks, Fiona Cowdell, Steven J Ersser, Eric D Gardiner
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (i) assess the effect of low-cost hygiene and emollient regimens on the skin barrier function (SBF) of people aged >65 year with xerosis (dry skin) on their lower legs; (ii) to assess the utility of portable measures of skin barrier function in terms of stratum corneum hydration (SCH) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in community settings; and iii) to provide evidence for a randomised controlled trial on the treatment of adults in a resource-poor country with dry skin on their lower legs which causes and exacerbates the skin disease podoconiosis (non-filarial elephantiasis)...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
keyword
keyword
79498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"