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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062884/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-retail-chicken-meat-in-singapore
#1
Eugene Jz Lim, Si Xian Ho, Delphine Yh Cao, Quek Choon Lau, Tse Hsien Koh, Li Yang Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058849/cha2ds2-vasc-score-risk-factors-as-predictors-of-stroke-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-can-we-really-be-sure-there-is-no-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Michał Mazurek, Gregory Yh Lip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035052/screening-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-and-treatment-outcome-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-hong-kong
#3
L Pl Iu, C Hy Lai, M Cy Fan, I Yh Wong, J Sm Lai
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the prevalence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity in the local population are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence, screening, and treatment outcome of retinopathy of prematurity in a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with internal comparison was conducted at Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong. The study evaluated 89 premature infants who were born at the hospital and were screened for retinopathy of prematurity, in accordance with the 2008 British Guidelines, between January 2013 and December 2013...
December 30, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029424/the-utility-of-a-country-specific-bartonella-henselae-antigen-in-an-igm-indirect-fluorescent-antibody-assay-for-the-improved-diagnosis-of-cat-scratch-disease
#4
Hidehiro Tsuneoka, Masashi Yanagihara, Ayano Tanimoto, Nobuko Tokuda, Ken-Ichiro Otsuyama, Junzo Nojima, Kiyoshi Ichihara
Bartonella henselae strains genetically differ among nations. The utility of Japanese-specific YH-01 strain was investigated in developing indirect fluorescence antibody assay (IFA) for IgM in comparison with conventional IFA employing Houston-1 strain by testing 100 Japanese patients suspected of cat scratch disease. The country-specific IFA greatly improved the accuracy of diagnosis.
October 11, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990565/characterization-of-apple-stem-grooving-virus-and-apple-chlorotic-leaf-spot-virus-identified-in-a-crab-apple-tree
#5
Yongqiang Li, Congliang Deng, Yong Bian, Xiaoli Zhao, Qi Zhou
Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV), apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), and prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) were identified in a crab apple tree by small RNA deep sequencing. The complete genome sequence of ACLSV isolate BJ (ACLSV-BJ) was 7554 nucleotides and shared 67.0%-83.0% nucleotide sequence identity with other ACLSV isolates. A phylogenetic tree based on the complete genome sequence of all available ACLSV isolates showed that ACLSV-BJ clustered with the isolates SY01 from hawthorn, MO5 from apple, and JB, KMS and YH from pear...
December 18, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968874/time-since-migration-and-breastfeeding-duration-among-mainland-chinese-immigrant-women-a-two-phase-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Kris Y W Lok, Dorothy L Bai, Noel Pt Chan, Janet Yh Wong, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Substantial breastfeeding disparities exist among various ethnic and racial groups, and between mainland Chinese immigrants and native born Chinese women. However, few studies have addressed the effect of migration on mainland Chinese immigrants or the effect of time since migration on breastfeeding practices. Hong Kong, SAR, China, provides a unique opportunity since immigrants are from one country and share the same race and ethnic origin. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of time since migration on the breastfeeding practices of native Hong Kong-born and mainland Chinese immigrant mothers in Hong Kong...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920402/posterior-facet-talocalcaneal-non-osseous-coalition-an-uncommon-but-easily-missed-cause-of-hindfoot-pain
#7
A Yh Tsang, Y Y Cheuk, A Ws Au-Yeung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920261/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-combined-with-sensory-cueing-on-unilateral-neglect-in-subacute-patients-with-right-hemispheric-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Nicole Yh Yang, Kenneth Nk Fong, Cecilia Wp Li-Tsang, D Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of rTMS combined with sensory cueing, rTMS alone, and conventional rehabilitation on unilateral neglect, hemiplegic arm functions and performance of activities of daily living. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A convalescent hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty inpatients with left unilateral neglect after stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to three groups: rTMS combined with sensory cueing, rTMS, and conventional rehabilitation alone...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913171/effects-of-hydraulic-retention-time-hrt-on-denitrification-using-waste-activated-sludge-thermal-hydrolysis-liquid-and-acidogenic-liquid-as-carbon-sources
#9
Yiding Guo, Liang Guo, Mei Sun, Yangguo Zhao, Mengchun Gao, Zonglian She
Waste activated sludge (WAS) internal carbon source can efficiently and economically enhance denitrification, and hydraulic retention time (HRT) is one of the most important operational parameters for denitrification. The effects of HRT on denitrification were investigated with WAS thermal hydrolysis liquid and acidogenic liquid as carbon sources in this study. The optimal HRT was 12h for thermal hydrolysis liquid and 8h for acidogenic liquid, with NO3(-)-N removal efficiency of 91.0% and 97.6%, respectively...
January 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912736/citrus-junos-tanaka-peel-ameliorates-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-in-hepg2-cells-and-in-mice-fed-a-high-cholesterol-diet
#10
Eun Ju Shin, Jae Ho Park, Mi Jeong Sung, Min-Yu Chung, Jin-Taek Hwang
BACKGROUND: Citrus junos Tanaka (yuja), a yellow-coloured citrus fruit has traditionally been consumed in Korea, Japan, and China and has been found effective in preventing certain diseases. However, the inhibitory effect of yuja on hepatic lipid accumulation has not been clearly elucidated thus far. METHODS: The inhibitory effect of yuja on hepatic lipid accumulation was investigated in both cell culture and mouse models. We investigated the inhibitory effect of ethanol extract of yuja peel (YE) using HepG2 cells...
December 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909151/cerebrovascular-disease-associated-risk-factors-and-antithrombotic-therapy-in-a-population-screening-cohort-insights-from-the-belgian-heart-rhythm-week-programme
#11
Marco Proietti, Georges H Mairesse, Peter Goethals, Christophe Scavee, Johan Vijgen, Ivan Blankoff, Yves Vandekerckhove, Gregory Yh Lip
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease confers a major healthcare burden worldwide and is a major cause of death and disability. Several well-established risk factors, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), are associated with cerebrovascular disease and antithrombotic therapy reduces risk. DESIGN: This study was a subgroup analysis from the Belgian Heart Rhythm Week, a nationwide AF awareness programme. METHODS: We studied subjects screened between 2012 and 2014 with available data on clinical risk factors and antithrombotic treatment...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855103/hyaluronic-acid-binding-sperm-selection-for-assisted-reproduction-treatment-habselect-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
K D Witt, L Beresford, S Bhattacharya, K Brian, A Coomarasamy, R Hooper, J Kirkman-Brown, Y Khalaf, S E Lewis, A Pacey, S Pavitt, R West, D Miller
INTRODUCTION: The selection of a sperm with good genomic integrity is an important consideration for improving intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome. Current convention selects sperm by vigour and morphology, but preliminary evidence suggests selection based on hyaluronic acid binding may be beneficial. The aim of the Hyaluronic Acid Binding Sperm Selection (HABSelect) trial is to determine the efficacy of hyaluronic acid (HA)-selection of sperm versus conventionally selected sperm prior to ICSI on live birth rate (LBR)...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815537/pre-participation-cardiovascular-evaluation-for-athletic-participants-to-prevent-sudden-death-position-paper-from-the-ehra-and-the-eacpr-branches-of-the-esc-endorsed-by-aphrs-hrs-and-solaece
#13
Lluís Mont, Antonio Pelliccia, Sanjay Sharma, Alessandro Biffi, Mats Borjesson, Josep Brugada Terradellas, Francois Carré, Eduard Guasch, Hein Heidbuchel, André La Gerche, Rachel Lampert, William McKenna, Michail Papadakis, Silvia G Priori, Mauricio Scanavacca, Paul Thompson, Christian Sticherling, Sami Viskin, Mathew Wilson, Domenico Corrado, Gregory Yh Lip, Bulent Gorenek, Carina Blomström Lundqvist, Bela Merkely, Gerhard Hindricks, Antonio Hernández-Madrid, Deirdre Lane, Guiseppe Boriani, Calambur Narasimhan, Manlio F Marquez, David Haines, Judith Mackall, Pedro Manuel Marques-Vidal, Ugo Corra, Martin Halle, Monica Tiberi, Josef Niebauer, Massimo Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810295/association-of-pcsk9-with-platelet-reactivity-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-treated-with-prasugrel-or-ticagrelor-the-pcsk9-react-study
#14
Eliano P Navarese, Michalina Kolodziejczak, Max-Paul Winter, Arman Alimohammadi, Irene M Lang, Antonino Buffon, Gregory Yh Lip, Jolanta M Siller-Matula
BACKGROUND: Circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) enzyme might be associated with increased activation of platelets. We aimed to assess the relationship between PCSK9 levels, platelet reactivity and ischemic outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive ACS patients receiving prasugrel or ticagrelor and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled in a prospective, observational study. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation was determined by Multiplate Analyzer in the maintenance phase of treatment with prasugrel or ticagrelor...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790966/epidemiology-and-microbiological-characterization-of-clinical-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-a-single-healthcare-region-of-the-uk-2015
#15
C Horner, L Utsi, L Coole, M Denton
We investigated the epidemiology and characterization of isolates of Staphylococcus aureus within the Yorkshire and Humber (YH) region in the UK. In July 2015, each laboratory within YH (n = 14) was assigned two consecutive days during which all clinical isolates of S. aureus were collected. Isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibilities and the presence of genes encoding methicillin resistance (mecA and mecC), Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) (lukS-PV), and efflux-mediated chlorhexidine resistance (qacA); isolates were also characterized by spa-types...
January 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786274/available-sustainable-alternatives-replace-endangered-animal-horn-based-on-their-proteomic-analysis-and-bio-effect-evaluation
#16
Rui Liu, Fei Wang, Qiong Huang, Jin-Ao Duan, Pei Liu, Erxin Shang, Dong Zhu, Hongmei Wen, Dawei Qian
The use of endangered animal products in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and other ethno-medicines is culturally widespread across many regions of Asia. In the present study, traditional efficacies of seven types of animal horn including antipyretic, sedative and procoagulant activities were evaluated. Shotgun proteomic analysis was performed on material from horns following separation into soluble and insoluble fractions. Over 200 proteins were identified in each sample using nano LC-MS/MS, and these were classified according to their molecular function and cellular component using principal component analysis (PCA)...
October 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780843/binding-of-anti-dsdna-antibodies-to-proximal-tubular-epithelial-cells-contributes-to-renal-tubulointerstitial-inflammation
#17
Susan Yung, Claudia Y C Ng, Kin Yi Au, Kwok Fan Cheung, Qing Zhang, Chenzhu Zhang, Desmond Y H Yap, Mel K M Chau, Tak Mao Chan
Immune deposits are often observed along the tubular basement membrane in patients with lupus nephritis, but the role of anti-dsDNA antibody (Ab) deposition on tubulointerstitial inflammation remains to be investigated. We examined the effect of human polyclonal anti-dsDNA Abs on inflammatory processes in cultured proximal renal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC, HK-2 cells) and their association with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in patients. Binding of anti-dsDNA Abs to HK-2 cells was investigated by cellular ELISA, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779095/associations-between-diabetic-retinopathy-and-systemic-risk-factors
#18
REVIEW
N Wat, R Lm Wong, I Yh Wong
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a systemic disease with complications that include sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy. It is essential to understand the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy before effective prevention can be implemented. The aim of this review was to examine the association between diabetic retinopathy and systemic risk factors. METHODS: A PubMed literature search was performed up to May 2016 to identify articles reporting associations between diabetic retinopathy and systemic risk factors; only publications written in English were included...
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748805/an-%C3%AE-quaternary-chiral-latam-derivative-yh-304-as-a-novel-broad-spectrum-anticancer-agent
#19
Su Jung Hwang, Hyeung-Geun Park, Yohan Park, Hyo-Jong Lee
Previously, we reported that α-quaternary chiral lactam derivatives have broad spectrum anticancer activity. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms and its relevance are largely unknown. In the present study, we report progress on α-quaternary chiral lactam analogues that address this, focusing on the novel analogue YH-304 as a candidate to broadly target human cancer cells. The effect of YH-304 on cell transformation was assessed by clonogenic assay in non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLCs) A549 and 226B...
December 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748785/diabetes-health-profile-18-is-reliable-valid-and-sensitive-in-singapore
#20
Maudrene Ls Tan, Eric Yh Khoo, Konstadina Griva, Yung Seng Lee, Mohamed Amir, Yasmin Lm Zuniga, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Hwee Lin Wee
INTRODUCTION: The Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) measures diabetes-related psychological well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It includes 3 subscales: psychological distress (PD), barriers to activity and disinhibited eating. The psychometric properties of the DHP have not been evaluated in Asia. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the DHP in multiethnic Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 to 65 diagnosed with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for at least 1 year were recruited from a diabetes outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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