Read by QxMD icon Read

assortative mating

Daniel Shane Wright, Nicolle Demandt, Jeroen T Alkema, Ole Seehausen, Ton G G Groothuis, Martine E Maan
Local adaptation can be a potent force in speciation, with environmental heterogeneity leading to niche specialization and population divergence. However, local adaption often requires non-random mating in order to generate reproductive isolation. Population divergence in sensory properties can be particularly consequential in speciation, affecting both ecological adaptation and sexual communication. Pundamilia pundamila and Pundamilia nyererei are two closely related African cichlid species that differ in male coloration, blue vs...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Janette W Boughman, Richard Svanbäck
The ecological niche and mate preferences have independently been shown to be important for the process of speciation. Here we articulate a novel mechanism by which ecological niche use and mate preference can be linked to promote speciation. The degree to which individual niches are narrow and clustered affects the strength of divergent natural selection and population splitting. Similarly, the degree to which individual mate preferences are narrow and clustered affects the strength of divergent sexual selection and assortative mating between diverging forms...
October 17, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Wouter J Peyrot, Matthew R Robinson, Brenda W J H Penninx, Naomi R Wray
Importance: Considerable partner resemblances have been found for a wide range of psychiatric disorders, meaning that partners of affected individuals have an increased risk of being affected compared with partners of unaffected individuals. If this resemblance is reflected in genetic similarity between partners, genetic risk is anticipated to accumulate in offspring, but these potential consequences have not been quantified and have been left implicit. Observations: The anticipated consequences of partner resemblance on prevalence and heritability of psychiatric traits in the offspring generation were modeled for disorders with varying heritabilities, population prevalence (lifetime risk), and magnitudes of partner resemblance...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Ryan Greenway, Shannon Drexler, Lenin Arias-Rodriguez, Michael Tobler
Assortative mating is critical for reproductive isolation during speciation, however, the mechanisms underlying mating preferences are often unknown. Assortative mating can be mediated through preferences for condition-dependent and adaptive ("magic") traits, but rigorously testing these hypotheses has been impeded by trait covariation in living organisms. We used computer-generated models to examine the role of body shape in producing association preferences between fish populations undergoing ecological speciation in different habitat types...
October 8, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Anning Hu, Zhenchao Qian
The expansion of higher education witnessed in many societies influences the pattern of educational assortative mating. Structural transition theory predicts growing educational homogamy due to increasing preference for highly-educated partners who become more widely available. In contrast, social closure theory suggests depressed educational homogamy because the inflation of the education elite circle fosters the openness of marriage market, reducing the preference for a highly-educated mate and increasing the penetrability across social-status boundaries...
November 2016: Social Science Research
Yusan Yang, Corinne L Richards-Zawacki, Anisha Devar, Matthew B Dugas
The concurrent divergence of mating traits and preferences is necessary for the evolution of reproductive isolation via sexual selection, and such co-evolution has been demonstrated in diverse lineages. However, the extent to which assortative mate preferences are sufficient to drive reproductive isolation in nature is less clear. Natural contact zones between lineages divergent in traits and preferences provide exceptional opportunities for testing the predicted evolutionary consequences of such divergence...
October 5, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Delphine Legrand, Nicolas Larranaga, Romain Bertrand, Simon Ducatez, Olivier Calvez, Virginie M Stevens, Michel Baguette
The existence of dispersal syndromes contrasting disperser from resident phenotypes within populations has been intensively documented across taxa. However, how such suites of phenotypic traits emerge and are maintained is largely unknown, although deciphering the processes shaping the evolution of dispersal phenotypes is a key in ecology and evolution. In this study, we created artificial populations of a butterfly, in which we controlled for individual phenotypes and measured experimentally the roles of selection and genetic constraints on the correlations between dispersal-related traits: flight performance and wing morphology...
September 28, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Guillem Pérez I de Lanuza, Enrique Font, Miguel Ángel Carretero
Previous work with a colour polymorphic population of Podarcis muralis (Lacertidae) revealed that lizards pair by ventral colour, favouring the same colour (i.e. homomorphic) pairs. Such assortative pairing, which probably results in colour assortative mating, can have consequences for the genetic structure of the population and potentially promote speciation. The population previously studied, located in the Pyrenees, encompasses white, yellow and orange animals, as well as intermediate white-orange and yellow-orange morphs...
October 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Steve G A van de Weijer, Kevin M Beaver
There has been a growing body of research examining mate and spousal similarity on antisocial behaviors. The results of these studies have shown varying degrees of similarity between mates and spouses, but the precise mechanisms accounting for such similarity have remained somewhat elusive. The current study builds off this line of research and examines spousal similarity on criminal offending behaviors. Moreover, we also examine the potential factors that might account for spousal similarity. This study analyzed data drawn from two generations of Dutch spouses...
September 19, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
Gert Stulp, Mirre J P Simons, Sara Grasman, Thomas V Pollet
OBJECTIVES: The study of assortative mating for height has a rich history in human biology. Although the positive correlation between the stature of spouses has often been noted in western populations, recent papers suggest that mating patterns for stature are not universal. The objective of this paper was to review the published evidence to examine the strength of and universality in assortative mating for height. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature review and meta-analysis...
September 17, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Dieta Hanson, Jean-Sébastien Moore, Eric B Taylor, Rowan D H Barrett, Andrew P Hendry
Ecological speciation occurs when populations evolve reproductive isolation as a result of divergent natural selection. This isolation can be influenced by many potential reproductive barriers, including selection against hybrids, selection against migrants, and assortative mating. How and when these barriers act and interact in nature is understood for relatively few empirical systems. We used a mark-recapture experiment in a contact zone between lake and stream three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus, Linnaeus) to evaluate the occurrence of hybrids (allowing inferences about reproductive isolation), the inter-annual survival of hybrids (allowing inferences about selection against hybrids), and the shift in lake-like versus stream-like characteristics (allowing inferences about selection against migrants)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Erick Mauricio G Cordeiro, Alberto S Corrêa, Conrado A Rosi-Denadai, Hudson Vaner V Tomé, Raul Narciso C Guedes
BACKGROUND: Random mating is a common assumption in studies of insecticide resistance evolution, but seldom tested despite its potential consequences. Therefore, the existing evidence of female choice and insecticide resistance in populations of the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais), a key pest of stored cereals, led to the assessment of mating preferences and its association with insecticide resistance in this species. RESULTS: Mixed lines of a maize weevil colony were established from field-collected populations, which after five months of natural breeding were selected for deltamethrin resistance for five generations reaching over 100-fold resistance...
September 14, 2016: Pest Management Science
James M Sherlock, Karin J H Verweij, Sean C Murphy, Andrew C Heath, Nicholas G Martin, Brendan P Zietsch
Choice of romantic partner is an enormously important component of human life, impacting almost every facet of day-to-day existence, however; the processes underlying this choice are remarkably complex and have so far been largely resistant to scientific explanation. One consistent finding is that, on average, members of romantic dyads tend to be more alike than would be expected by chance. Selecting for self-similarity is at least partially driven by phenotypic matching wherein couples share similar phenotypes, and preferences for a number of these traits are partly genetically influenced (e...
September 2, 2016: Behavior Genetics
C H Vala, A Odén, M Lorentzon, V Sundh, H Johansson, M Karlsson, B Rosengren, C Ohlsson, B Johansson, J Kanis, D Mellström
: Spouses tend to share habits and therefore have an increased risk of same diseases. We followed all married couples in Sweden, born 1902 to 1942, in hospital records from 1987 to 2002, and found that individuals whose spouse had a hip fracture had an increased risk of hip fracture. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine whether spouses of hip fracture patients have an elevated risk of hip fracture. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all couples married for at least 5 years in Sweden and born between 1902 and 1942 (n = 904,451) and all patients registered with a hip fracture (n = 218,285) in the National Inpatients Register in Sweden from 1987 to 2002...
September 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Isobel Eyres, Ludovic Duvaux, Karim Gharbi, Rachel Tucker, David Hopkins, Jean-Christophe Simon, Julia Ferrari, Carole M Smadja, Roger K Butlin
Host-associated races of phytophagous insects provide a model for understanding how adaptation to a new environment can lead to reproductive isolation and speciation, ultimately enabling us to connect barriers to gene flow to adaptive causes of divergence. The pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) comprises host-races specialising on legume species, and provides a unique system for examining the early stages of diversification along a gradient of genetic and associated adaptive divergence. As host-choice produces assortative mating, understanding the underlying mechanisms of choice will contribute directly to understanding of speciation...
August 23, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Andreas F Kautt, Gonzalo Machado-Schiaffino, Julian Torres-Dowdall, Axel Meyer
Understanding how speciation can occur without geographic isolation remains a central objective in evolutionary biology. Generally, some form of disruptive selection and assortative mating are necessary for sympatric speciation to occur. Disruptive selection can arise from intraspecific competition for resources. If this competition leads to the differential use of habitats and variation in relevant traits is genetically determined, then assortative mating can be an automatic consequence (i.e., habitat isolation)...
August 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jessica L McKenzie, Rashpal S Dhillon, Patricia M Schulte
Steep genetic clines resulting from recent secondary contact between previously isolated taxa can either gradually erode over time or be stabilized by factors such as ecological selection or selection against hybrids. We used patterns of variation in 30 nuclear and two mitochondrial SNPs to examine the factors that could be involved in stabilizing clines across a hybrid zone between two subspecies of the Atlantic killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Increased heterozygote deficit and cytonuclear disequilibrium in populations near the center of the mtDNA cline suggest that some form of reproductive isolation such as assortative mating or selection against hybrids may be acting in this hybrid zone...
August 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jan Sradnick, Anja Klöpfel, Norbert Elsner, Varvara Vedenina
Two grasshopper species Stenobothrus rubicundus and S. clavatus were previously shown to meet in a narrow hybrid zone on Mount Tomaros in northern Greece. The species are remarkable for their complex courtship songs accompanied by conspicuous movements of antennae and wings. We analyzed variations in forewing morphology, antenna shape, and courtship song across the hybrid zone using a geographic information system, and we documented three contact zones on Mount Tomaros. All male traits and female wings show abrupt transitions across the contact zones, suggesting that these traits are driven by selection rather than by drift...
July 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jacob K Pedersen, Irma T Elo, Nicole Schupf, Thomas T Perls, Eric Stallard, Anatoliy I Yashin, Kaare Christensen
BACKGROUND: Studies of longevity-enriched families are an important tool to gain insight into the mechanisms of exceptionally long and healthy lives. In the Long Life Family Study, the spouses of the members of the longevity-enriched families are often used as a control group. These spouses could be expected to have better health than the background population due to shared family environment with the longevity-enriched family members and due to assortative mating. METHODS: A Danish cohort study of 5,363 offspring of long-lived siblings, born 1917-1982, and 4,498 "first spouses" of these offspring...
August 18, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Andrew M McIntosh, Lynsey S Hall, Yanni Zeng, Mark J Adams, Jude Gibson, Eleanor Wigmore, Saskia P Hagenaars, Gail Davies, Ana Maria Fernandez-Pujals, Archie I Campbell, Toni-Kim Clarke, Caroline Hayward, Chris S Haley, David J Porteous, Ian J Deary, Daniel J Smith, Barbara I Nicholl, David A Hinds, Amy V Jones, Serena Scollen, Weihua Meng, Blair H Smith, Lynne J Hocking
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is highly prevalent and a significant source of disability, yet its genetic and environmental risk factors are poorly understood. Its relationship with major depressive disorder (MDD) is of particular importance. We sought to test the contribution of genetic factors and shared and unique environment to risk of chronic pain and its correlation with MDD in Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS). We then sought to replicate any significant findings in the United Kingdom Biobank study...
August 2016: PLoS Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"