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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938608/use-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-with-a-fluorescently-labeled-fatty-acid-to-diagnose-colorectal-neoplasms
#1
Feihong Deng, Yuan Fang, Zhiyong Shen, Wei Gong, Tao Liu, Jing Wen, Wanling Zhang, Xianjun Zhu, Hui Zhong, Tong Wang, Fachao Zhi, Biao Nie
Endoscopic treatment for early colorectal cancer closely correlates with patient prognosis. However, endoscopic differentiation between carcinomas and non-neoplastic lesions remains difficult. Here, we topically stained colorectal neoplasms with a fatty acid analogue (BODIPY-FA) and quantified the fluorescent signals using confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and fluorescence microscopy. We also analyzed protein expression in colorectal cancer tissues. We found that expression of fatty acid synthase was elevated, while the expression of fatty acid transporters was reduced in colorectal cancer...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938509/-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-appraisal-of-a-rapidly-increasing-disease
#2
Jens Hoeppner, Torben Glatz, Rainer Claus, Andreas Fischer, Klaus Kraywinkel, Thomas Brunner
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is dramatically increasing in several Western countries. In Germany, the incidence increased by sevenfold since 1991. The most important risk factors for esophageal adenocarcinoma are gastroesophageal reflux and obesity. Early diagnosis is possible within surveillance programs for Barrett metaplasia. Endoscopic resection is effective for diagnosis and curative treatment of early carcinoma. Esophagectomy is the central curative treatment modality for non-metastasized tumors exceeding the mucosal layer...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938328/bulla-down-endoscopic-sphenoidotomy
#3
Mohannad Al-Qudah
Surgical approach to the sphenoid sinus is still one of the most challenging steps in sinus surgery. The author describes a novel, simple, and safe technique to access sphenoid sinus to manage isolated sphenoid pathologies or approach skull base by removing the bulla ethmoidalis and temporarily lateralizing the middle turbinate during endoscopic sinus surgery. The current approach provides an effective method to access the sphenoid sinus without increasing morbidity and avoids unnecessary possible complications associated with turbinates' resection...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938299/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-endoscopic-procedures
#4
Stephan Knigge, Klaus Hahnenkamp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to take a look on some practical aspects of anesthetic care in the endoscopy suite, concerning the general approach, safety, and monitoring issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Concerning propofol popularity for sedation during endoscopic procedures new studies create doubt in the safety of higher doses of propofol used for sedation. Careful titration of propofol, addition of synergistic supplements like ketamine and dexmedetomidine, and monitoring of anesthetic depth may limit the dose of propofol given to the patients...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937552/naspghan-clinical-report-on-postoperative-recurrence-in-pediatric-crohn-disease
#5
Judy B Splawski, Marian D Pffefferkorn, Marc E Schaefer, Andrew S Day, Oliver S Soldes, Todd A Ponsky, Philip Stein, Jess L Kaplan, Shehzad A Saeed
Pediatric Crohn disease is characterized by clinical and endoscopic relapses. The inflammatory process is considered to be progressive and may lead to strictures, fistulas, and penetrating disease that may require surgery. In addition, medically refractory disease may be treated by surgical resection of inflamed bowel in an effort to reverse growth failure. The need for surgery in childhood suggests severe disease and these patients have an increased risk for recurrent disease and potentially more surgery. Data show that up to 55% of patients had clinical recurrence in the first 2 years after initial surgery...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937379/nasal-angiomyolipoma-report-of-two-cases-of-an-extremely-rare-entity
#6
Mohammed Abdul Aleem, Ather Fatima, P Kumudachalam, Ramya Priyadarshini
Nasal angiomyolipoma (AML) are extremely rare tumors and so far <15 cases have been reported in the literature, and this is the first instance that Nasal AML is reported from India. We report two cases of AML arising in the nasal cavity described in 60-year-old male and 50-year-old female patient. Grossly, they were well circumscribed, lobulated masses, and microscopically, they were composed of an intimate mixture of mature fat, smooth muscle cells, and thick-walled varying sized blood vessels. Immunoexpression pattern and histopathology were characteristic...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937048/extraperitoneal-rectal-laceration-secondary-to-blunt-trauma-successful-transanal-endoscopic-repair-with-hemoclips
#7
Koo-Yong Hahn, Soon-Young Ko, Woo-Surng Lee, Yong-Hun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937025/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-left-lateral-position-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#8
Tae Young Park, Sang Hyeon Choi, Young Joo Yang, Suk Pyo Shin, Chang Seok Bang, Ki Tae Suk, Gwang Ho Baik, Dong Joon Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is typically performed in prone position. In cases of difficulty in prone position, ERCP can be performed in left lateral position. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of left lateral position for ERCP compared with those of prone position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between August 2015 and March 2016, a total of 62 patients with native papilla who underwent ERCP were randomly assigned to undergo the procedure in left lateral position (n = 31) or prone position (n = 31)...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936630/the-clinical-outcomes-and-risk-factors-associated-with-incomplete-endoscopic-resection-of-rectal-carcinoid-tumor
#9
Cheol Woong Choi, Su Bum Park, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Jin Kim, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Gon Ryu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The risk of lymph node metastasis of a small rectal carcinoid tumor (<10 mm) is known to be lower than that of tumors at other gastrointestinal sites. Although rectal carcinoid tumors can be treated by endoscopic resection, the resected specimen may be incomplete. The consequences of an incomplete resection are not well known. METHOD: From December 2008 to November 2015, cases of rectal carcinoid tumors resected by endoscopic resection techniques such as endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), or endoscopic mucosal resection using band ligation device (EMR-L), or cap aspiration (EMR-C) were enrolled...
September 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936593/endoscopic-resection-of-cecal-polyps-involving-the-appendiceal-orifice-a-kasid-multicenter-study
#10
Eun Mi Song, Hyo-Joon Yang, Hyun Jung Lee, Hyun Seok Lee, Jae Myung Cha, Hyun Gun Kim, Yunho Jung, Chang Mo Moon, Byung Chang Kim, Jeong-Sik Byeon
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection of polyps located at the appendiceal orifice (AO) is challenging, and the feasibility and outcomes of endoscopic resection for cecal polyps involving AO are unconfirmed. AIMS: We evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of endoscopic resection for cecal polyps involving AO. METHODS: In this retrospective, multicenter study involving nine tertiary referral centers, we evaluated 131 patients who underwent endoscopic resection for cecal polyps involving AO...
September 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936551/management-of-maxillary-sinus-inverted-papilloma-via-endoscopic-partial-medial-maxillectomy-with-an-inferior-turbinate-reversing-approach
#11
Feng Wang, Yang Yang, Shenqing Wang, Haihong Chen, Dehui Wang, Qinying Wang
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment for maxillary inverted papilloma (IP) through partial medial maxillectomy with an inferior turbinate reversing approach. A retrospective analysis of patients treated in our institution for maxillary sinus IP between July 2011 and August 2015 was performed. Demographics, operative technique, characteristics of tumors, complications, postoperative follow-up, and recurrence were evaluated. Twenty-two patients were enrolled in the study. All tumor attachments were identified intraoperatively...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935476/-botulinum-toxin-an-important-complement-for-facial-rejuvenation-surgery
#12
C Le Louarn
The improved understanding of the functional anatomy of the face and of the action of the botulinum toxin A leads us to determine a new injection procedure which consequently decreases the risk of eyebrow and eyelid ptosis and increases the toxin's injection possibilities and efficiencies. With less units of toxin, the technique herein described proposes to be more efficient on more muscles: variable toxin injections concentration adapted to each injected muscle are used. Thanks to a new procedure in the upper face, toxin A injection can be quite close to an endoscopic surgical action...
September 18, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935332/surveillance-is-important-after-surgical-excision-of-giant-fibrovascular-polyps-of-the-esophagus
#13
Andrew J Cockbain, Ruth England, Simon P L Dexter, Abeezar I Sarela
Giant fibrovascular polyps of the esophagus are rare benign tumors arising from the cervical esophagus or hypopharynx. Radiologic and endoscopic investigation may struggle to identify a stalk or to delineate the tumor as luminal or submucosal in origin. Excision is advised, although the diagnosis, and therefore the optimal operative approach, may not be apparent until the time of operation. Individual case reports describe the technical success of surgical excision but rarely include follow-up. Our case series highlights the range of approaches for surgical excision and also the importance of long-term follow-up because of the risk of recurrence and potential for airway obstruction...
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935210/office-based-procedures-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-laryngeal-pathology
#14
REVIEW
David J Wellenstein, Henrieke W Schutte, Robert P Takes, Jimmie Honings, Henri A M Marres, James A Burns, Guido B van den Broek
INTRODUCTION: Since the development of distal chip endoscopes with a working channel, diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in the outpatient clinic in the management of laryngeal pathology have increased. Which of these office-based procedures are currently available, and their clinical indications and possible advantages, remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of literature on office-based procedures in laryngology and head and neck oncology. RESULTS: Flexible endoscopic biopsy (FEB), vocal cord injection, and laser surgery are well-established office-based procedures that can be performed under topical anesthesia...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934832/the-value-of-computed-tomography-in-preoperative-n-staging-of-early-gastric-cancer-meeting-the-endoscopic-resection-criteria
#15
Su Jin Kim, Tae Un Kim, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Gon Ryu
This correction is being published to correct Fig. 2B in above article.
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934831/pneumoretroperitoneum-pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-diagnostic-colonoscopy
#16
Hee Sung Lee, Hwan Hee Park, Ju Seok Kim, Sun Hyung Kang, Hee Seok Moon, Jae Kyu Sung, Byung Seok Lee, Hyun Yong Jeong
Colonoscopy is a commonly performed endoscopic procedure. Although it is generally considered to be safe, serious complications, such as colorectal perforation, can occur. Most colonic perforations are intraperitoneal and cause pneumoperitoneum with acute abdominal pain as the initial symptom. However, extraperitoneal perforations with pneumoretroperitoneum may happen, albeit rarely, with atypical initial symptoms. We report a rare case of rectosigmoid perforation occurring after diagnostic colonoscopy that developed into pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and subcutaneous emphysema, with a change in voice and neck swelling as the initial symptoms...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934830/sporadic-non-ampullary-duodenal-adenoma-overriding-the-cystic-dilatation-of-brunner-s-gland-hyperplasia
#17
Yun Jung Nam, Byung Wook Kim, Joon Sung Kim, Gi Jun Kim
Sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenoma is uncommon and found incidentally during endoscopic examinations. Brunner's gland hyperplasia is commonly encountered during endoscopic examinations. Adenomas arising from Brunner's gland hyperplasia originate from the glandular cells, and the surface epithelia are usually intact. Little has been reported on adenomas originating from the surface epithelium that overrides Brunner's gland hyperplasia. Here, we report a case of a sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenoma overriding the cystic dilatation of Brunner's gland hyperplasia...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934829/-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-as-a-surgical-treatment-for-upper-third-early-gastric-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Do Joong Park, Young Suk Park, Sang Hoon Ahn, Hyung Ho Kim
Recently, the incidence of upper third gastric cancer has increased, and with it the number of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) procedures performed has been increasing. However, if ESD is not indicated or non-curable, surgical treatment may be necessary. In the case of lower third gastric cancer, it is possible to preserve the upper part of the stomach; however, in the case of upper third gastric cancer, total gastrectomy is still the standard treatment option, regardless of the stage. This is due to the complications associated with upper third gastric cancer, such as gastroesophageal reflux after proximal gastrectomy rather than oncologic problems...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934828/-treatment-strategies-after-non-curative-endoscopic-resection-of-early-gastric-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Shin Hee Kim, Su Jin Hong
The cases of non-curative endoscopic resection (NCR) of early gastric cancer have increased due to the widespread use of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). NCR is associated with augmenting chances of local recurrence and lymph node metastasis (LNM). Therefore, some additional treatment strategies after NCR are needed. Treatment strategies for NCR should be determined by considering the risk of residual tumor or local recurrence and LNM. Additional surgical treatment such as gastrectomy and lymph node dissection are recommended in patients who have high-risk of LNM...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934827/-current-status-of-endoscopic-resection-of-early-gastric-cancer-in-korea
#20
REVIEW
Hwoon Yong Jung
Endoscopic resection (Endoscopic mucosal resection [EMR] and endoscopic submucosal dissection [ESD]) is already established as a first-line treatment modality for selected early gastric cancer (EGC). In Korea, the number of endoscopic resection of EGC was explosively increased because of a National Cancer Screening Program and development of devices and techniques. There were many reports on the short-term and long-term outcomes after endoscopic resection in patients with EGC. Long-term outcome in terms of recurrence and death is excellent in both absolute and selected expanded criteria...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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