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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331058/the-endoscopic-band-ligation-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding
#1
Reiji Higashi, Hideaki Kinugasa, Masahiro Nakagawa
Colonic diverticular bleeding presents with sudden painless hematochezia. Bleeding often occurs from the right hemi colon with only 6 to 42% of them can be identified.1 Spontaneous hemostasis can be expected up to 70 to 80%, however, 20 to 40% encounter rebleeding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 13, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330205/clinical-utility-of-a-stat3-regulated-microrna-200-family-signature-with-prognostic-potential-in-early-gastric-cancer
#3
Liang Yu, Di Wu, Hugh Gao, Jesse Balic, Anna Tsykin, Tae-Su Han, You Dong Liu, Catherine Lydia Kennedy, Ji-Kun Li, Jie-Qi Mao, Patrick Tan, Masanobu Oshima, Gregory J Goodall, Brendan J Jenkins
PURPOSE: The majority of gastric cancer (GC) patients are diagnosed with late stage disease, for which distinct molecular subtypes have been identified that are potentially amenable to targeted therapies. However, there exists no molecular classification system with prognostic power for early stage GC (EGC) because the molecular events promoting GC initiation remain ill-defined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: miRNA microarrays were performed on gastric tissue from the gp130F/F preclinical EGC mouse model, prior to tumor initiation...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330000/histotripsy-treatment-of-benign-prostatic-enlargement-using-the-vortx-rx-system-initial-human-safety-and-efficacy-outcomes
#4
T G Schuster, J T Wei, K Hendlin, R Jahnke, W W Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical safety (primary) and efficacy (secondary) of histotripsy for treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) in a first-in human study. METHODS: Twenty-five male subjects with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), prostate size between 30 and 80 grams and no evidence of prostate cancer were enrolled at two sites in a prospective, single-arm study. Treatment consisted of acoustic energy delivery through the perineum with integrated real-time TRUS monitoring using the Vortx RX system...
January 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329991/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-eus-for-quantification-of-tumor-perfusion-in-colonic-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Marie Louise Malmstrøm, Adrian Săftoiu, Lene B Riis, Hazem Hassan, Tobias W Klausen, Mikkel S Rahbek, Ismail Gögenur, Peter Vilmann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dynamic contrast enhanced endoscopic ultrasound (CE-EUS) for quantification of perfusion in colonic tumors has not previously been reported in the literature. The aim of the study was to investigate correlations between perfusion parameters and vessel density assessed by immunohistochemical staining with antibodies toward CD31 and CD105. METHODS: We conducted a prospective clinical study. In total, 28 patients with left-sided colonic adenocarcinoma, underwent CE-EUS and left-sided hemicolectomy within 2 weeks...
January 9, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329921/assessment-of-test-methods-for-evaluating-effectiveness-of-cleaning-flexible-endoscopes
#6
Rebecca E Washburn, Jennifer J Pietsch
BACKGROUND: Strict adherence to each step of reprocessing is imperative to removing potentially infectious agents. Multiple methods for verifying proper reprocessing exist; however, each presents challenges and limitations, and best practice within the industry has not been established. Our goal was to evaluate endoscope cleaning verification tests with particular interest in the evaluation of the manual cleaning step. The results of the cleaning verification tests were compared with microbial culturing to see if a positive cleaning verification test would be predictive of microbial growth...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329896/open-prostatectomy-versus-180-w-xps-greenlight-laser-vaporization-long-term-functional-outcome-for-prostatic-adenomas-80%C3%A2-g
#7
C Lanchon, G Fiard, J-A Long, V Arnoux, D Carnicelli, Q Franquet, D Poncet, E Bey, J-B Lefrancq, S Grisard, N Peilleron, N Terrier, B Boillot, J-J Rambeaud, J-L Descotes, C Thuillier
INTRODUCTION: GreenLight photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) offers an endoscopic alternative to open prostatectomy (OP) for treatment of large adenomas. This study compares long-term functional outcome of both techniques in patients with Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)>80g. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Data from patients who underwent surgical treatment for BPO>80g from January 2010 to February 2015 at our institution were retrospectively collected and compared according to surgical technique...
January 9, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329628/spirocerca-lupi-induced-oesophageal-neoplasia-predictors-of-surgical-outcome
#8
Paolo Pazzi, Anastasia Kavkovsky, Anna Shipov, Gilad Segev, Eran Dvir
Canine spirocercosis is caused by the nematode Spirocerca lupi. Migration results in oesophageal fibro-inflammatory nodules that may undergo neoplastic transformation. No studies have assessed pre- or post-surgical prognostic indicators in dogs that undergo intervention for S. lupi induced oesophageal neoplasia. This observational, multi-center study aimed to assess the outcome of dogs with Spirocerca induced sarcoma undergoing endoscopic-guided ablation (n = 12) or surgery (n = 18), and identify prognostic indicators...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329479/individual-endoscopic-management-of-anastomotic-insufficiency-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-creation-of-a-neostomach
#9
Edris Wedi, Philipp Schüler, Steffen Kunsch, B Micheal Ghadimi, Ali Seif Amir Hosseini, Volker Ellenrieder, Carlo Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329477/colorectal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-using-the-dental-floss-with-rubber-band-method
#10
Tatsuma Nomura, Akira Kamei, Shinya Sugimoto, Jun Oyamada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329476/pay-attention-to-a-window-blind-appearance-of-the-distal-rectal-muscle-layer-during-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#11
Yoshikazu Hayashi, Masahiro Okada, Hisashi Fukuda, Yoshimasa Miura, Keijiro Sunada, Alan K Lefor, Hironori Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329475/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-sclerosant-injection-and-coil-embolization-of-bleeding-gastric-varices
#12
Bhavtosh Dedania, Keshav Kukreja, Tomas Davee, Manoop S Bhutani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329444/prevention-of-ivr-a-need-for-investigation
#13
Idir Ouzaid, Evanguelos Xylinas
Intravesical recurrence (IVR) after RNU for UTUC is a frequent event, occurring in 20-50% of patients, mostly in the first postoperative year. Several retrospective studies have shown that predictors of IVR include clinical characteristics, surgical features and as well pathological characteristics (previous history of bladder cancer, pathological stage, lymph node involvement, cis, endoscopic distal ureter, etc.) management. Two prospective studies provide level I evidence for the safety and efficacy of intravesical single postoperative chemotherapy for patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for UTUC in order to prevent IVR...
January 10, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329173/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-thresholds-for-nasolacrimal-air-regurgitation-in-a-cadaveric-model
#14
Alexander D Blandford, Daniel G Cherfan, Richard L Drake, Jennifer M McBride, Catherine J Hwang, Julian D Perry, Olivia T Cheng
PURPOSE: To elucidate the mechanisms underlying nasolacrimal air regurgitation (AR) in the setting of continuous positive airway pressure therapy. METHODS: Twelve nasolacrimal systems of 6 fresh female human cadavers were evaluated individually for AR using continuous positive airway pressure therapy before any nasolacrimal procedure. Cadavers were then randomly assigned to undergo nasolacrimal duct probing or endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy and then each hemisystem was again evaluated for AR...
January 10, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329161/utility-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-screening-for-small-pancreatic-cancer-and-proposal-for-a-new-scoring-system-for-screening
#15
Ryota Sagami, Hidefumi Nishikiori, Katsuhiro Anami, Shozo Fujiwara, Koichi Honda, Shoichiro Ikuyama, Masayuki Kitano, Kazunari Murakami
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the utility of endoscopic ultrasonography screening for small pancreatic cancer (PC) and propose a new simple scoring system for selecting individuals who should be screened. METHODS: Risk factors or symptoms related to PC were tentatively divided into high- and low-grade risk groups based mainly on reported relative risk values. Numbers of risk factors were designated as risk scores. Endoscopic ultrasonography screening was performed for 632 individuals...
January 12, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329053/long-term-safety-area-tracking-lt-sat-with-online-failure-detection-and-recovery-for-robotic-minimally-invasive-surgery
#16
Veronica Penza, Xiaofei Du, Danail Stoyanov, Antonello Forgione, Leonardo S Mattos, Elena De Momi
Despite the benefits introduced by robotic systems in abdominal Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), major complications can still affect the outcome of the procedure, such as intra-operative bleeding. One of the causes is attributed to accidental damages to arteries or veins by the surgical tools, and some of the possible risk factors are related to the lack of sub-surface visibilty. Assistive tools guiding the surgical gestures to prevent these kind of injuries would represent a relevant step towards safer clinical procedures...
December 22, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329031/development-of-a-new-ex-vivo-model-for-evaluation-of-endoscopic-submucosal-injection-materials-performance
#17
Ryohei Hirose, Takaaki Nakaya, Yuji Naito, Tomo Daidoji, Hiroaki Yasuda, Hideyuki Konishi, Yoshito Itoh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Development of high-performance submucosal injection materials (SIMs) contribute to the advancement of endoscopic therapy for early-stage gastrointestinal neoplasms. This study aimed to develop a new ex vivo model that mimics the human gastrointestinal tract to evaluate the performance (the height and duration of the submucosal elevation) of various SIMs in detail. METHODS: A new ex vivo model that applies a constant tension to the tested specimen (the porcine gastric specimen) was developed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328216/photoacoustic-and-hyperspectral-dual-modality-endoscope
#18
Ning Liu, Sihua Yang, Da Xing
We have developed a dual-modality endoscope composed of photoacoustic (PA) and hyperspectral imaging, capable of visualizing both structural and functional properties of bio-tissue. The endoscope's composition and scanning mechanism was described, and the feasibility of the dual-modality endoscope was verified by mimic phantom experiments. Lately, we demonstrated its endoscopic workability through in vivo experiments. The experimental results showed that the proposed herein hybrid endoscope can provide optical imaging of the surface and tomography imaging for the deeper features, and a functional oxygen saturation rate map of the same imaging area...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327980/effects-of-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-on-raynaud-s-disease
#19
Sami Karapolat, Atila Turkyilmaz, Celal Tekinbas
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's disease is a disorder that is characterized by attacks of pain, cyanosis, redness, and numbness in the upper extremities caused by vasospasm of digital arteries due to cold or emotional stress. We aimed at demonstrating our experiences with endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in the treatment of Raynaud's disease. METHODS: From 48 patients who underwent ETS for various reasons at our department between January 2014 and January 2015, we reviewed 9 patients with Raynaud's disease (18...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327976/endoscopic-treatment-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-induced-esophageal-perforation
#20
Till Herbold, Seung-Hun Chon, Peter Grimminger, Martin K H Maus, Henner Schmidt, Hans Fuchs, Sebastian Brinkmann, Marc Bludau, Christian Gutschow, Wolfgang Schröder, Arnulf H Hölscher, Jessica M Leers
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the esophagus is the most severe complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and can lead to mediastinitis, pleural empyema, or peritonitis. Currently, the majority of patients receive operative treatment with only 6% treated endoscopically. We report our experience with endoscopic and conservative approaches. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated for esophageal perforation and included all patients with perforation caused by TEE...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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