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Congenital heart disease outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430286/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-seen-at-a-tertiary-hospital-setting-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#1
Zongezile Masonwabe Makrexeni, Lungile Pepeta
BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has waned in Western countries, however that is not the situation in developing nations. METHODS: Records were reviewed of patients from the Eastern Cape municipal districts who presented to the Paediatric Cardiology Unit with ARF and RHD from January 2008 to August 2015. RESULTS: Total of 56 patients with ARF/RHD was reviewed. The majority of patients (n = 52) presented for the first time with RHD...
April 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429903/causes-of-interruptions-in-postoperative-enteral-nutrition-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Jirong Qi, Zhuo Li, Yueshuang Cun, Xiaonan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perioperative nutritional support has become a hot topic in the clinical management of congenital heart disease (CHD). Postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) offers many benefits, such as protection of the intestinal mucosa, reduced risk of infection, and low clinical costs. Interruptions in EN frequently influence nutritional support and clinical outcomes. We, therefore, aimed to determine the causes of interruptions in postoperative EN in CHD patients and discuss clinical counter measures...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#3
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412993/paediatric-onset-coronary-artery-anomalies-in-pregnancy-a-single-centre-experience-and-systematic-literature-review
#4
Michelle Keir, Catriona Bhagra, Debra Vatenmakher, Francisca Arancibia-Galilea, Katrijn Jansen, Norihisa Toh, Candice K Silversides, Jack Colman, Samuel C Siu, Mathew Sermer, Andrew M Crean, Rachel M Wald
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with childhood-onset coronary artery anomalies are at increased risk of lifelong complications. Although pregnancy is thought to confer additional risk, a few data are available regarding outcomes in this group of women. We sought to define outcomes of pregnancy in this unique population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective survey of women with paediatric-onset coronary anomalies and pregnancy in our institution, combined with a systematic review of published cases...
April 17, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410089/mortality-and-morbidity-after-laparoscopic-surgery-in-children-with-and-without-congenital-heart-disease
#5
David I Chu, Jonathan M Tan, Peter Mattei, Andrew T Costarino, Joseph W Rossano, Gregory E Tasian
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of morbidity and mortality after laparoscopic surgery among children with congenital heart disease (CHD). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study using the 2013-2014 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics, which prospectively collected data at 56 and 64 hospitals in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Primary exposure was CHD. Primary outcome was overall in-hospital postoperative mortality. Secondary outcomes included 30-day mortality and 30-day morbidity (any nondeath adverse event)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408715/postoperative-infection-in-developing-world-congenital-heart-surgery-programs-data-from-the-international-quality-improvement-collaborative
#6
Amitabh Chanchal Sen, Debra Forbes Morrow, Rakhi Balachandran, Xinwei Du, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Byalal R Jagannath, Raman Krishna Kumar, Jennifer Koch Kupiec, Monica L Melgar, Nguyen Tran Chau, Gail Potter-Bynoe, Orlando Tamariz-Cruz, Kathy J Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Postoperative infections contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality after congenital heart disease surgery and are often preventable. We sought to identify risk factors for postoperative infection and the impact on outcomes after congenital heart surgery, using data from the International Quality Improvement Collaborative for Congenital Heart Surgery in Developing World Countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pediatric cardiac surgical cases performed between 2010 and 2012 at 27 participating sites in 16 developing countries were included...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408415/impact-of-international-quality-improvement-collaborative-on-congenital-heart-surgery-in-pakistan
#7
Amina Khan, Ahmed Abdullah, Huzaifa Ahmad, Arjumand Rizvi, Sehrish Batool, Kathy J Jenkins, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Muneer Amanullah, Anwar Haq, Nadeem Aslam, Fauzia Minai, Babar Hasan
BACKGROUND: The International Quality Improvement Collaborative (IQIC) was formed to reduce mortality and morbidity from congenital heart disease (CHD) surgeries in low/middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: We conducted this study to compare the postoperative outcomes of CHD surgeries at a centre in Pakistan before and after joining IQIC. METHODS: The IQIC provides guidelines targeting key drivers responsible for morbidity and mortality in postoperativepatients with CHD...
April 13, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407819/-association-between-fluid-overload-and-acute-renal-injury-after-congenital-heart-disease-surgery-in-infants
#8
De-Qiang Luo, Zi-Li Chen, Wei Dai, Feng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between fluid overload and acute kidney injury (AKI) after congenital heart disease surgery in infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 infants aged less than 6 months who underwent a radical surgery for congenital heart disease. The treatment outcomes were compared between the infants with AKI after surgery and those without. The effect of cumulative fluid overload on treatment outcomes 2 days after surgery was analyzed...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403428/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-admission-for-delivery-in-women-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Robert M Hayward, Elyse Foster, Zian H Tseng
Background: Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) may be at increased risk for adverse events during pregnancy and delivery. Objective: To compare delivery outcomes between women with and without CHD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study of inpatient delivery admissions in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's California State Inpatient Database compared maternal and fetal outcomes between women with and without CHD by using multivariate logistic regression...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402072/congenital-lung-agenesis-incidence-and-outcome-in-the-north-of-england
#10
Matthew Thomas, Nic Robertson, Nicola Miller, Judith Rankin, Michael McKean, Malcom Brodlie
BACKGROUND: Unilateral lung agenesis is an uncommon congenital abnormality, with a lack of reported accurate incidence estimates. Prognosis is also uncertain, with older literature reporting poor outcomes. METHODS: The North of England register of congenital anomalies (Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey) records cases of congenital anomalies to mothers' resident in the region. We used the register to identify all patients with congenital lung agenesis born between 2004 and 2013 to calculate an accurate incidence estimate and report clinical outcomes with contemporary management...
April 12, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398667/costs-mortality-and-hospital-usage-in-relation-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-d-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#11
Nelangi M Pinto, Richard Nelson, Lorenzo Botto, Michael D Puchalski, Sergey Krikov, Jaewhan Kim, Norman J Waitzman
BACKGROUND: The impact of prenatal diagnosis of d-transposition of the great arteries (dTGA) on health-care usage is largely unknown. We evaluated a population-based cohort to assess costs, mortality and inpatient encounters by whether dTGA was prenatally diagnosed or not. METHODS: The dTGA cases (born 1997-2011) identified at the Utah Birth Defect Network, which includes data on timing of diagnosis, were linked to statewide inpatient discharge data. We excluded preterm cases or cases with additional major heart defects...
March 1, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395657/avoidable-costs-of-stenting-for-aortic-coarctation-in-the-united-kingdom-an-economic-model
#12
Maximilian Salcher, Alistair Mcguire, Vivek Muthurangu, Marcus Kelm, Titus Kuehne, Huseyin Naci
BACKGROUND: Undesirable outcomes in health care are associated with patient harm and substantial excess costs. Coarctation of the aorta (CoA), one of the most common congenital heart diseases, can be repaired with stenting but requires monitoring and subsequent interventions to detect and treat disease recurrence and aortic wall injuries. Avoidable costs associated with stenting in patients with CoA are unknown. METHODS: We developed an economic model to calculate potentially avoidable costs in stenting treatment of CoA in the United Kingdom over 5 years...
April 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393793/transient-cortical-blindness-following-intracardiac-repair-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-an-11-year-old-boy
#13
Saswata Bharati, Manish Kumar Sharma, Amitabha Chattopadhay, Debasis Das
Postoperative blindness (PB) primarily involves reception and conductance parts of the visual pathway due to ischemia following cessation of blood supply, for example, retinal vascular occlusion. Although a rare cause of PB, cortical blindness (CB), which results from ischemia/infarction of visual cortex, has a poor outcome due to its mostly nonreversible nature. Ischemic optic neuropathy is the most common cause of PB following cardiac surgeries. CB following cardiac surgeries involving cardiopulmonary bypass has been rarely reported...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393785/modifying-risks-to-improve-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Murali Chakravarthy
Challenging times are here for cardiac surgical and anesthesia team. The interventional cardiologist seem to have closed the flow of 'good cases' coming up for any of the surgery,; successful percutaneous interventions seem to be offering reasonable results in these patients, who therefore do not knock on the doors of the surgeons any more . It is a common experience among the cardiac anesthesiologists and surgeons that the type of the cases that come by now are high risk. That may be presence of comorbidities, ongoing medical therapies, unstable angina, uncontrolled heart failure and rhythm disturbances; and in patients with ischemic heart disease, the target coronaries are far from ideal...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385359/mortality-rehospitalizations-and-costs-in-children-undergoing-a-cardiac-procedure-in-their-first-year-of-life-in-new-south-wales-australia
#15
Claire M Lawley, Samantha J Lain, Gemma A Figtree, Gary F Sholler, David S Winlaw, Christine L Roberts
BACKGROUND: Cardiac procedures are part of management for many children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Using population health data, this study explores health outcomes of children undergoing a cardiac procedure in the first year of life to better understand the impact of CHD on children, families and health services. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based record-linkage cohort study was undertaken. Rate of cardiac procedures in the first year of life over the study period 2001-2012 in New South Wales, Australia, was steady at 2...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385091/early-postoperative-physical-therapy-for-improving-short-term-gross-motor-outcome-in-infants-with-cyanotic-and-acyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Sumihito Haseba, Harutoshi Sakakima, Syuhei Nakao, Misaki Ohira, Shigefumi Yanagi, Yutaka Imoto, Akira Yoshida, Megumi Shimodozono
PURPOSE: We analysed the gross motor recovery of infants and toddlers with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) who received early postoperative physical therapy to see whether there was any difference in the duration to recovery. METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated the influence of early physical therapy on postoperative gross motor outcomes of patients with CHD. The gross motor ability of patients with cyanotic (n = 25, average age: 376...
April 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377476/incidence-and-predictors-of-obstetric-and-fetal-complications-in-women-with-structural-heart-disease
#17
Iris M van Hagen, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Valentina Donvito, Csilla Liptai, Marielle Morissens, Daniel J Murphy, Laura Galian, Nooshin Mohd Bazargani, Jérôme Cornette, Roger Hall, Mark R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Women with cardiac disease becoming pregnant have an increased risk of obstetric and fetal events. The aim of this study was to study the incidence of events, to validate the modified WHO (mWHO) risk classification and to search for event-specific predictors. METHODS: The Registry Of Pregnancy And Cardiac disease is a worldwide ongoing prospective registry that has enrolled 2742 pregnancies in women with known cardiac disease (mainly congenital and valvular disease) before pregnancy, from January 2008 up to April 2014...
April 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374180/coronary-artery-anomalies-when-you-need-to-worry
#18
REVIEW
Ajar Kochar, Todd Kiefer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a broad spectrum of coronary artery anomalies that cardiologists may encounter either incidentally or during evaluation for cardiac symptoms. These anomalies include anomalous coronary arteries arising from the opposite sinus of Valsalva (ACAOS), coronary fistulae, and coronary artery aneurysms. This manuscript outlines the unique features, diagnostic characteristics, and treatment considerations for these lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: Intravenous ultrasound (IVUS), computed tomographic angiography (CTA), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are becoming more sophisticated and will be increasingly used to facilitate the optimal treatment approach for coronary anomalies...
May 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373976/treatment-and-patient-reported-outcome-in-children-with-hirschsprung-disease-and-concomitant-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Johan Hasserius, Josefine Hedbys, Christina Graneli, Kristine Hagelsteen, Pernilla Stenström
Purpose. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is reported to be associated with Hirschsprung disease (HD). The aim was to evaluate any differences between children with HD with and without CHD, respectively, with regard to patient characteristics, medical care, and patient reported bowel function. Method. This is a retrospective chart study and a cross-sectional long-term follow-up of patients older than 4 years old, including all children with HD operated on with transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) at a tertiary center of pediatric surgery...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370096/recipient-twin-circular-shunt-physiology-before-fetal-laser-surgery-survival-and-risks-for-postnatal-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction
#20
Jay D Pruetz, Jodie K Votava-Smith, Hikmat R Chmait, Lisa M Korst, Arlyn Llanes, Ramen H Chmait
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate risk for congenital heart disease (CHD) in recipient twins with circular shunt physiology (CSP). METHODS: This prospective study enrolled twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) cases from 2006 to 2015. Fetal echocardiography (FE) was performed before laser surgery when cardiac involvement was suspected. Diagnosis of recipient twin CSP required tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation, right ventricular dysfunction, and flow reversal in the ductus arteriosus...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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