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Organisational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#1
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#2
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627051/investigating-the-job-satisfaction-of-healthcare-providers-at%C3%A2-primary-healthcare-centres-in-lebanon-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohamad Alameddine, Maysa Baroud, Samer Kharroubi, Randa Hamadeh, Walid Ammar, Hikma Shoaib, Hiba Khodr
Low job satisfaction is linked to higher staff turnover and intensified shortages in healthcare providers (HCP). This study investigates the level of, and factors associated with, HCP job satisfaction in the national primary healthcare (PHC) network in Lebanon. The study adopts a cross-sectional design to survey HCP at 99 PHC centres distributed across the country between October 2013 and May 2014. The study questionnaire consisted of four sections: socio-demographics/professional background, employment characteristics, level of job satisfaction (Measure of Job Satisfaction scale) and level of professional burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-HSS scale)...
June 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571017/can-we-better-integrate-the-role-of-anti-doping-in-sports-and-society-a-psychological-approach-to-contemporary-value-based-prevention
#4
Andrea Petróczi, Paul Norman, Sebastian Brueckner
In sport, a wide array of substances with established or putative performance-enhancing properties is used. Most substances are fully acceptable, whilst a defined set, revised annually, is prohibited; thus, using any of these prohibited substances is declared as cheating. In the increasingly tolerant culture of pharmacological and technical human enhancements, the traditional normative approach to anti-doping, which involves telling athletes what they cannot do to improve their athletic ability and performance, diverges from the otherwise positive values attached to human improvement and enhancement in society...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569165/getting-off-on-the-wrong-foot-how-community-groups-in-zimbabwe-position-themselves-for-partnerships-with-external-agencies-in-the-hiv-response
#5
Morten Skovdal, Sitholubuhle Magutshwa-Zitha, Catherine Campbell, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
BACKGROUND: Partnerships are core to global public health responses. The HIV field embraces partnership working, with growing attention given to the benefits of involving community groups in the HIV response. However, little has been done to unpack the social psychological foundation of partnership working between well-resourced organisations and community groups, and how community representations of partnerships and power asymmetries shape the formation of partnerships for global health...
June 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545545/a-focused-ethnography-of-a-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service-factors-relevant-to-the-implementation-of-a-depression-trial
#6
C E W Kitchen, S Lewis, P A Tiffin, P R Welsh, L Howey, D Ekers
BACKGROUND: Prior to commencing a randomised controlled trial, we conducted a focused ethnography to ensure that the trial was well suited to the proposed setting. METHODS: A six-month observation of a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service site in the North-East of England was undertaken to observe the site procedures, staff culture and patient care pathways. During this period, documentary data were collected and interviews were conducted with key informants to provide insight into staff perceptions of the proposed trial...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533946/rethinking-social-cognition-in-light-of-psychosis-reciprocal-implications-for-cognition-and-psychopathology
#7
Vaughan Bell, Kathryn L Mills, Gemma Modinos, Sam Wilkinson
The positive symptoms of psychosis largely involve the experience of illusory social actors and yet our current measures of social cognition, at best, only weakly predict their presence. We review evidence to suggest that the range of current approaches in social cognition is not sufficient to explain the fundamentally social nature of these experiences. We argue that social agent representation is an important organising principle for understanding social cognition and that alterations in social agent representation may be a factor in the formation of delusions and hallucination in psychosis...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#8
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516488/aged-care-nurses-job-control-influence-satisfaction-and-mental-health
#9
Kate-Ellen J Elliott, John Rodwell, Angela J Martin
BACKGROUND: Relationships exist between aged care nurses' perceptions of psychosocial work characteristics, job satisfaction and mental health, suggesting these characteristics may be important for the management of aged care services. AIM: An expanded demand-control-support model that included justice perceptions was examined to determine its impact on multiple types of psychological and organisational well-being outcomes (i.e. job satisfaction, psychological distress and depression)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506289/a-preliminary-investigation-to-explore-the-cognitive-resources-of-physicians-experiencing-difficulty-in-training
#10
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Iain Coyne, Jo Jones, Sheona Macleod, Lara Zibarras
BACKGROUND: Treating patients is complex, and research shows that there are differences in cognitive resources between physicians who experience difficulties, and those who do not. It is possible that differences in some cognitive resources could explain the difficulties faced by some physicians. In this study, we explore differences in cognitive resources between different groups of physicians (that is, between native (UK) physicians and International Medical Graduates (IMG); those who continue with training versus those who were subsequently removed from the training programme); and also between physicians experiencing difficulties compared with the general population...
May 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488112/work-characteristics-predict-the-development-of-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain
#11
Jodi Oakman, Astrid de Wind, Swenne G van den Heuvel, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal pain in more than one body region is common and a barrier to sustaining employment. We aimed to examine whether work characteristics predict the development of multi-site pain (MSP), and to determine differences in work-related predictors between age groups. METHODS: This study is based on 5136 employees from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) who reported no MSP at baseline. Measures included physical, emotional, mental, and psychological job demands, social support and autonomy...
May 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462880/effect-of-a-bereavement-support-group-on-female-adolescents-psychological-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-south-africa
#12
Tonya Renee Thurman, Brian G Luckett, Johanna Nice, Alexandra Spyrelis, Tory M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Bereavement increases children's risk for psychological disorders, highlighting the need for effective interventions, especially in areas where orphanhood is common. We aimed to assess the effects of an eight-session support group intervention on the psychological health of bereaved female adolescents in South Africa. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial enrolled female adolescents at 11 schools in three peri-urban towns of Free State province, South Africa...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#13
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448229/breaking-through-the-glass-ceiling-consumers-in-mental-health-organisations-hierarchies
#14
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for consumers to be engaged in all levels of mental health service planning, implementation, and delivery. Critical approaches to traditional healthcare hierarchies can effectively challenge barriers to better engagement with consumers in mental health organisations. This qualitative exploratory study analyses how particular strategies for consumer leadership facilitate or hinder relationships between consumers and mental health services, and how these strategies influence hierarchical structures...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444552/income-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-over-a-one-year-period-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-linear-mixed-model-analysis
#15
Jens Klein, Daniel Lüdecke, Kerstin Hofreuter-Gätgens, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
PURPOSE: To examine income-related disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over a one-year period after surgery (radical prostatectomy) and its contributory factors in a longitudinal perspective. Evidence of associations between income and HRQOL among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is sparse and their explanations still remain unclear. METHODS: 246 males of two German hospitals filled out a questionnaire at the time of acute treatment, 6 and 12 months later...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438236/personal-and-macro-systemic-factors-as-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-chronic-schizophrenia
#16
Yolanda Fontanil-Gómez, María A Alcedo Rodríguez, María I Gutiérrez López
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research was to establish possible predictive factors for both subjective and externally assessed quality of life in people with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixty-eight people with schizophrenia took part in the study and were assessed using the World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) tests...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#17
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399352/socioeconomic-characteristics-health-risk-factors-and-alcohol-consumption-among-the-homeless-in-north-eastern-part-of-poland
#18
Jerzy Romaszko, Robert Kuchta, Cezary Opalach, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Anna Maria Romaszko, Beata Giergielewicz-Januszko, Adam Buciński
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a form of social pathology, which is for various reasons undesirable and as far as possible limited by efforts such as programmes that assist in transitioning out of homelessness. Because, as time passes, the homeless population undergoes both quantitative and qualitative changes, the process of developing these programmes requires up-to-date information on the extent and profile of this phenomenon that takes into account the characteristics of a given country...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385912/translating-concerns-into-action-a-detailed-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-interdisciplinary-intervention-on-medical-wards
#19
Samuel Pannick, Stephanie Archer, Maximillian J Johnston, Iain Beveridge, Susannah Jane Long, Thanos Athanasiou, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVES: To understand how frontline reports of day-to-day care failings might be better translated into improvement. DESIGN: Qualitative evaluation of an interdisciplinary team intervention capitalising on the frontline experience of care delivery. Prospective clinical team surveillance (PCTS) involved structured interdisciplinary briefings to capture challenges in care delivery, facilitated organisational escalation of the issues they identified, and feedback...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367772/does-living-in-remote-australia-lessen-the-impact-of-hardship-on-psychological-distress
#20
P Butterworth, B J Kelly, T E Handley, K J Inder, T J Lewin
AIMS: Rural and remote regions tend to be characterised by poorer socioeconomic conditions than urban areas, yet findings regarding differences in mental health between rural and urban areas have been inconsistent. This suggests that other features of these areas may reduce the impact of hardship on mental health. Little research has explored the relationship of financial hardship or deprivation with mental health across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from a large longitudinal Australian study of the mental health of individuals living in regional and remote communities...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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