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Organisational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#1
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#2
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111898/-the-need-for-psychosocial-support-in-parents-of-chronically-ill-children
#3
Lydia Morgenstern, Mira Wagner, Jonas Denecke, Benjamin Grolle, Jessika Johannsen, Karl Wegscheider, Silke Wiegand-Grefe
The Need for Psychosocial Support in Parents of Chronically Ill Children Chronic illness in childhood and adolescence is associated with special requirements and demands on affected families. In particular, severe chronic diseases and rare diseases with a high level of health care needs or with progressive medical diagnoses permanently challenge the families' resources. The aim of this study was to assess the need for psychological, nursing, legal and organisational support from a parent's perspective. Using qualitative content analysis according to Mayring, data from 96 parents of 68 chronically ill children were evaluated...
November 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101292/influencing-organisational-culture-to-improve-hospital-performance-in-care-of-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-mixed-methods-intervention-study
#4
Leslie A Curry, Marie A Brault, Erika L Linnander, Zahirah McNatt, Amanda L Brewster, Emily Cherlin, Signe Peterson Flieger, Henry H Ting, Elizabeth H Bradley
BACKGROUND: Hospital organisational culture affects patient outcomes including mortality rates for patients with acute myocardial infarction; however, little is known about whether and how culture can be positively influenced. METHODS: This is a 2-year, mixed-methods interventional study in 10 US hospitals to foster improvements in five domains of organisational culture: (1) learning environment, (2) senior management support, (3) psychological safety, (4) commitment to the organisation and (5) time for improvement...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083262/-more-effort-and-more-time-considerations-in-the-establishment-of-interprofessional-education-programs-in-the-workplace
#5
Fiona Kent, Katrina Nankervis, Christina Johnson, Marisa Hodgkinson, Julie Baulch, Terry Haines
The argument for integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into the workplace has been made concurrently with the call for collaborative clinical practice. An exploratory case study investigation of existing activities in a large metropolitan health care network was undertaken to inform the development of future IPE initiatives. Purposive sampling invited clinicians involved in the design or delivery of workplace IPE activities to participate in a semi-structured interview to discuss their existing programs and the opportunities and challenges facing future work...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081986/descriptive-study-of-female-roller-derby-athletes-beliefs-about-risk-factors-for-injury-in-roller-derby
#6
Michelle L Cathorall, Megan Punches
OBJECTIVES: To examine skaters' beliefs about risk factors related to roller derby injuries. DESIGN: Qualitative study based on semistructured focus group discussions with female roller derby skaters. METHODS: Skaters with varying levels of experience and injury history were invited to participate in focus group discussions. Semistructured focus group discussions were based on the question 'What factors do you believe contribute to roller derby injuries?'...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078074/a-qualitative-study-of-volunteer-doulas-working-alongside-midwives-at-births-in-england-mothers-and-doulas-experiences
#7
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVE: to explore trained volunteer doulas' and mothers' experiences of doula support at birth and their perceptions of how this related to the midwife's role. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive study, informed by phenomenological social psychology. METHODS: semi-structured interviews were carried out between June 2015 and March 2016. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: three community volunteer doula projects run by third sector organisations in England...
October 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062596/exploring-the-psychological-health-of-emergency-dispatch-centre-operatives-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#8
Sarah E Golding, Claire Horsfield, Annette Davies, Bernadette Egan, Martyn Jones, Mary Raleigh, Patricia Schofield, Allison Squires, Kath Start, Tom Quinn, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (Embase, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, The Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, and Google Scholar) were searched. All study designs were included, and no date limits were set...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061088/workplace-bullying-and-relationships-with-health-and-performance-among-a-sample-of-new-zealand-veterinarians
#9
D Gardner, W Rasmussen
AIM: To examine the relationships between workplace bullying, destructive leadership and team conflict, and physical health, strain, self-reported performance and intentions to quit among veterinarians in New Zealand, and how these relationships could be moderated by psychological capital and perceived organisational support. METHODS: Data were collected by means of an online survey, distributed to members of the New Zealand Veterinary Association. Participation was voluntary and all responses were anonymous and confidential...
October 23, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036863/when-helpers-need-help-a-case-study-on-the-2012-earthquakes-in-italy
#10
Dina Guglielmi, Michela Vignoli, Lucia Camellini, Maria Cristina Florini, Massimo Brunetti, Marco Depolo
BACKGROUND: After two strong earthquakes in the Emilia region in Italy, many HCWs had to deal with the psychological consequences of the aftershocks. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this case study were a) to describe the psychosocial condition of the HCWs affected by the earthquake; b) to present an intervention immediately after the earthquake on HCWs in a post-disaster situation using a mixed-method approach. METHODS: A mixed-method study was conducted collecting qualitative data (during Group Counselling sessions) and quantitative data (through questionnaires)...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981497/slavery-in-new-zealand-what-is-the-role-of-the-health-sector
#11
Paula King, Alison Blaiklock, Christina Stringer, Jay Amaranathan, Margot McLean
Contemporary forms of slavery and associated adverse health effects are a serious, complex and often neglected issue within the New Zealand health sector. Slavery in New Zealand has most recently been associated with the fishing and horticulture industries. However, victims may be found in a number of other industry sectors, including the health and aged-care sectors, or outside of the labour market such as in forced, early (underage) and servile forms of marriage. Victims of slavery are at increased risk of acute and chronic health problems, injuries from dangerous working and living conditions, and physical and sexual abuse...
October 6, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962605/risk-of-psychological-ill-health-and-methods-of-organisational-downsizing-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-four-european-countries
#12
Elena Andreeva, M Harvey Brenner, Töres Theorell, Marcel Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The manner in which organizational downsizing is implemented can make a substantial difference as to whether the exposed workers will suffer from psychological ill health. Surprisingly, little research has directly investigated this issue. We examined the likelihood of psychological ill health associated with strategic and reactive downsizing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included 1456 respondents from France, Sweden, Hungary and the United Kingdom: 681 employees in stable workplaces (reference group) and 775 workers from downsized companies...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962566/-i-stayed-with-my-illness-a-grounded-theory-study-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-pathways-of-patients-with-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#13
Anne M Khisa, Grace M Omoni, Isaac K Nyamongo, Rachel F Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies on the health seeking behaviour trajectories of women with fistula illness although women live with the illness for decades before surgery. We set out to establish the complete picture of women's health seeking behaviour using qualitative research. We sought to answer the question: what patterns of health seeking do women with obstetric fistula display in their quest for healing? METHODS: We used grounded theory methodology to analyse data from narratives of women during inpatient stay after fistula surgery in 3 hospitals in Kenya...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960114/work-organisational-practices-and-margin-of-manoeuver-during-work-reintegration
#14
Fergal O'Hagan
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959452/predicting-early-transition-from-sub-syndromal-presentations-to-major-mental-disorders
#15
Shane P M Cross, Jan Scott, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Transition from at-risk state to full syndromal mental disorders is underexplored for unipolar and bipolar disorders compared with psychosis. AIMS: Prospective, trans-diagnostic study of rates and predictors of early transition from sub-threshold to full syndromal mental disorder. METHOD: One-year outcome of 243 consenting youth aged 15-25 years with a sub-syndromal presentation of a potentially severe mental disorder. Survival analysis and odds ratio (OR) for predictors of transition identified from baseline clinical and demographic ratings...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954690/a-two-way-street-reciprocal-teaching-and-learning-in-refugee-health
#16
Timothy James Martin, Coen Butters, Linny Phuong
The Water Well Project is a health promotion charity that aims to improve the health literacy of individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant backgrounds. Health literacy is an important predictor of health status, but many Australians cannot demonstrate functional health literacy, and individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds are at higher risk of poor health literacy. The primary participants of The Water Well Project's health education sessions are individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant background, who are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality due to a range of factors...
September 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951400/suitability-of-a-three-dimensional-model-to-measure-empathy-and-its-relationship-with-social-and-normative-adjustment-in-spanish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mauricio Herrera-López, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Darrick Jolliffe, Eva M Romera
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the psychometric properties of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES) with Spanish adolescents, comparing a two and a three-dimensional structure;(2) To analyse the relationship between the three-dimensional empathy and social and normative adjustment in school. DESIGN: Transversal and ex post facto retrospective study. Confirmatory factorial analysis, multifactorial invariance analysis and structural equations models were used. PARTICIPANTS: 747 students (51...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951001/online-sperm-donors-the-impact-of-family-friends-personality-and-risk-perception-on-behaviour
#18
Stephen Whyte, David A Savage, Benno Torgler
As informal sperm donation becomes more prevalent worldwide, understanding donor psychology and interactions is critical in providing effective policy, equitable legislative frameworks and frontline health support to an ever-growing number of global participants. We analyse data of informal sperm donors who were members of the connection website PrideAngel to identify the role and effect of several factors, e.g. kinship, social networks, personality, and risk perception, on behaviour. A key strength of the study is the ability to analyse various factors, such as the level and history of informal donation, risk concerns, number of women to whom donations are informally made and the number of offspring...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#19
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921049/the-association-between-exposure-to-psychosocial-work-factors-and-mental-health-in-older-employees-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#20
Bo M Havermans, Cécile R L Boot, Trynke Hoekstra, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Unfavourable exposure to psychosocial work factors threatens older employees' mental health, and their sustained employment. This study assesses whether an improved compared to stable unfavourable and stable favourable exposure to psychosocial work factors is associated with a change in mental health in older employees at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: The current study used data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM), in workers aged 45-65 years (n = 5249)...
September 18, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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