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Organisational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327489/advanced-skills-and-research
#1
Leopoldo Sarli, Chiara Taffurelli
The health organisation has recently been placing emphasis on the importance of the fundamental rights of the individual, promoting an idea of health seen not only from the biological point of view but also and above all in its psychological, relational and social aspects. [...].
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326996/impact-of-music-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cochlear-implant-users-a-focus-group-study
#2
Giorgos Dritsakis, Rachel M van Besouw, Aoife O' Meara
OBJECTIVE: To study the aspects of the quality of life (QoL) on which music has an impact in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. METHODS: Thirty adult CI users aged between 18 and 81 years old with a wide range of patient characteristics and musical backgrounds participated in the study. Six focus group discussions about music in everyday life were conducted and data were analysed using template analysis based on the QoL model of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life BREF questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303995/assessment-of-the-quality-of-life-of-spinal-cord-injury-patients-in-peshawar
#3
Sayed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Syed Mohammad Ilyas
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life of spinal cord injury patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Paraplegic Centre Hayatabad, Peshawar, Pakistan, from November 2015 to January 2016, and comprised spinal cord injury patients. A 26-item World Health Organisation quality of life questionnaire was used. Some of the patients were recruited from the paraplegic centre while others participated by filling an online questionnaire. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#4
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276981/impact-of-age-relevant-goals-on-future-thinking-in-younger-and-older-adults
#5
Leann K Lapp, Julia Spaniol
This study investigated how personal goals influence age differences in episodic future thinking. Research suggests that personal goals change with age and like autobiographical memory, future thinking is thought to be organised and impacted by personal goals. It was hypothesised that cueing older adults with age-relevant goals should modulate age differences in episodic details and may also influence phenomenological characteristics of imagined scenarios. Healthy younger and older adults completed the Future Thinking Interview [Addis, D...
February 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#6
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263928/the-spatiotemporal-substrates-of-autobiographical-recollection-using-event-related-ica-to-study-cognitive-networks-in-action
#7
Chris Tailby, Genevieve Rayner, Sarah Wilson, Graeme Jackson
Higher cognitive functions depend upon dynamically unfolding brain network interactions. Autobiographical recollection - the autonoetic re-experiencing of context rich, emotionally laden, personally experienced episodes - is an excellent example of such a process. Autobiographical recollection unfolds over time, with different cognitive processes engaged at different times throughout. In this paper we apply a recently developed analysis technique - event related independent components analysis (eICA) - to study the spatiotemporal dynamics of neural activity supporting autobiographical recollection...
March 2, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253879/seeking-help-in-times-of-economic-hardship-access-experiences-of-services-and-unmet-need
#8
M C Barnes, J L Donovan, C Wilson, J Chatwin, R Davies, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R O'Connor, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employment, financial and benefit-related difficulties during recessions. We investigated the experiences of people struggling financially in the aftermath of the Great Recession (2008-9) - including some who had self-harmed - and of the frontline support staff providing assistance...
March 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211962/smoking-prevalence-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women-in-sydney-remains-high-analysis-of-trends-and-correlates
#9
Rachel M Deacon, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate smoking prevalence trends and correlates among lesbian, bisexual and queer-identifying (LBQ) women in Sydney, Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 5007 respondents to a repeated cross-sectional community survey were used to examine smoking trends between 2004 and 2014. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine smoking correlates. RESULTS: Thirty percent of respondents were current smokers, including 48% of 16 to 24-year-olds...
February 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195672/predictors-of-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-following-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#12
Hannah Matthews, Natalie Carroll, Derek Renshaw, Andrew Turner, Alan Park, Jo Skillman, Kate McCarthy, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: Breast reconstruction is associated with multiple psychological benefits. However, few studies have identified clinical and psychological factors associated with improved satisfaction and quality of life. This study examined factors which predict satisfaction with breast appearance, outcome satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. METHODS: Women who underwent post-mastectomy breast reconstruction between 2010 and 2016 received a postal questionnaire consisting of: The BREAST-Q Patient Reported Outcomes Instrument, The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-30 Questionnaire, The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale and a series of Visual-Analogue Scales...
February 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185441/evaluation-of-the-ladder-to-the-moon-culture-change-studio-engagement-programme-staff-training-two-quasi-experimental-case-studies
#13
Azucena Guzmán, Jennifer Wenborn, Tom Swinson, Martin Orrell
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the CCSEP on care home staff in two care settings for older people in one nursing home and one residential home. BACKGROUND: Care homes provide personal care and accommodation for older people. The English Dementia Strategy aims to improve the quality of service provision for people with dementia. This includes specific mention of improving the quality of life in care homes and as such includes objectives related to developing the workforce knowledge and skills...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183347/application-of-incident-command-structure-to-clinical-trial-management-in-the-academic-setting-principles-and-lessons-learned
#14
Penny S Reynolds, Mary J Michael, Bruce D Spiess
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial success depends on appropriate management, but practical guidance to trial organisation and planning is lacking. The Incident Command System (ICS) is the 'gold standard' management system developed for managing diverse operations in major incident and public health arenas. It enables effective and flexible management through integration of personnel, procedures, resources, and communications within a common hierarchical organisational structure. Conventional ICS organisation consists of five function modules: Command, Planning, Operations, Logistics, and Finance/Administration...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#16
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#17
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132011/guided-internet-administered-self-help-to-reduce-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-cancer-during-adolescence-u-care-youngcan-a-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial
#18
Malin Ander, Anna Wikman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Helena Grönqvist, Gustaf Ljungman, Joanne Woodford, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer during adolescence reports elevated levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and unmet needs for psychological support. Evidence-based psychological treatments tailored for this population are lacking. This protocol describes a feasibility study of a guided-internet-administered self-help programme (YoungCan) primarily targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression among young persons diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and of the planned study procedures for a future controlled trial...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#19
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122414/value-for-money-an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-need-and-cost-in-intellectual-disability-services
#20
Jodi Cronin, Jane Bourke
The recent economic crisis along with changing demographic trends has stimulated an increased interest in the value obtained from social care expenditure so as to ensure the sustainability of systems in the future. In Ireland, the Department of Health, further to a recent review of its disability services, commited to a new approach that will reshape and redesign its service provision. It specifically outlined a reorganisation of financing services, from a model of prospective block grant funding to a system of individualised budgeting based on an assessment of need...
January 25, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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