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Organisational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211962/smoking-prevalence-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women-in-sydney-remains-high-analysis-of-trends-and-correlates
#1
Rachel M Deacon, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate smoking prevalence trends and correlates among lesbian, bisexual and queer-identifying (LBQ) women in Sydney, Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 5007 respondents to a repeated cross-sectional community survey were used to examine smoking trends between 2004 and 2014. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine smoking correlates. RESULTS: Thirty percent of respondents were current smokers, including 48% of 16 to 24-year-olds...
February 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195672/predictors-of-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-following-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#4
Hannah Matthews, Natalie Carroll, Derek Renshaw, Andrew Turner, Alan Park, Jo Skillman, Kate McCarthy, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: Breast reconstruction is associated with multiple psychological benefits. However, few studies have identified clinical and psychological factors associated with improved satisfaction and quality of life. This study examined factors which predict satisfaction with breast appearance, outcome satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. METHODS: Women who underwent post-mastectomy breast reconstruction between 2010 and 2016 received a postal questionnaire consisting of: The BREAST-Q Patient Reported Outcomes Instrument, The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-30 Questionnaire, The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale and a series of Visual-Analogue Scales...
February 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185441/evaluation-of-the-ladder-to-the-moon-culture-change-studio-engagement-programme-staff-training-two-quasi-experimental-case-studies
#5
Azucena Guzmán, Jennifer Wenborn, Tom Swinson, Martin Orrell
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the CCSEP on care home staff in two care settings for older people in one nursing home and one residential home. BACKGROUND: Care homes provide personal care and accommodation for older people. The English Dementia Strategy aims to improve the quality of service provision for people with dementia. This includes specific mention of improving the quality of life in care homes and as such includes objectives related to developing the workforce knowledge and skills...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183347/application-of-incident-command-structure-to-clinical-trial-management-in-the-academic-setting-principles-and-lessons-learned
#6
Penny S Reynolds, Mary J Michael, Bruce D Spiess
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial success depends on appropriate management, but practical guidance to trial organisation and planning is lacking. The Incident Command System (ICS) is the 'gold standard' management system developed for managing diverse operations in major incident and public health arenas. It enables effective and flexible management through integration of personnel, procedures, resources, and communications within a common hierarchical organisational structure. Conventional ICS organisation consists of five function modules: Command, Planning, Operations, Logistics, and Finance/Administration...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#8
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#9
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132011/guided-internet-administered-self-help-to-reduce-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-cancer-during-adolescence-u-care-youngcan-a-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial
#10
Malin Ander, Anna Wikman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Helena Grönqvist, Gustaf Ljungman, Joanne Woodford, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer during adolescence reports elevated levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and unmet needs for psychological support. Evidence-based psychological treatments tailored for this population are lacking. This protocol describes a feasibility study of a guided-internet-administered self-help programme (YoungCan) primarily targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression among young persons diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and of the planned study procedures for a future controlled trial...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#11
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122414/value-for-money-an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-need-and-cost-in-intellectual-disability-services
#12
Jodi Cronin, Jane Bourke
The recent economic crisis along with changing demographic trends has stimulated an increased interest in the value obtained from social care expenditure so as to ensure the sustainability of systems in the future. In Ireland, the Department of Health, further to a recent review of its disability services, commited to a new approach that will reshape and redesign its service provision. It specifically outlined a reorganisation of financing services, from a model of prospective block grant funding to a system of individualised budgeting based on an assessment of need...
January 25, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116111/a-review-of-the-physiological-and-psychological-health-and-wellbeing-of-naval-service-personnel-and-the-modalities-used-for-monitoring
#13
REVIEW
Cliodhna Sargent, Cormac Gebruers, Jim O'Mahony
Naval cohorts rely heavily on personnel to ensure the efficient running of naval organisations. As such, the wellbeing of personnel is essential. In an occupational setting, naval service personnel experience a variety of physiological and psychological stressors. Most naval services arrange annual physical fitness and body composition tests to ensure the physical readiness of personnel. However, these tests only evaluate a small amount of physiological capabilities. Components such as aerobic and strength capabilities are assessed, however, other components of physical fitness such as speed, agility, anaerobic capacity and flexibility are not...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#14
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. Experts by experience lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079405/posttraumatic-growth-following-pregnancy-termination-for-fetal-abnormality-the-predictive-role-of-coping-strategies-and-perinatal-grief
#16
Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Research about termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) suggests that it is a traumatic event with potential negative psychological consequences. However, evidence also indicates that following traumatic events individuals may experience growth. Although TFA's negative psychological outcomes are well documented, little is known of the potential for growth following this event. Therefore, the study's objectives were to measure posttraumatic growth (PTG) post-TFA, examine the relationship between PTG, perinatal grief and coping, and determine the predictors of PTG...
January 12, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065969/survellience-system-for-child-abuse-bridging-the-gap-between-actual-and-hidden-cases
#17
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq
The dynamics of child abuse have been recognised as a global emerging social issue which is highly associated with child humiliation. The Government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives for addressing issues regarding child abuse and neglect and has designed laws to protect children against exploitation, abuse and violence; however, most of them are not enforced at all or poorly implemented due to lack of proper definition of child abuse and related terms, and different ways of reporting child abuse cases...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057662/exploring-the-adoption-of-schwartz-center-rounds-as-an-organisational-innovation-to-improve-staff-well-being-in-england-2009-2015
#18
Glenn Robert, Julia Philippou, Mary Leamy, Ellie Reynolds, Shilpa Ross, Laura Bennett, Cath Taylor, Caroline Shuldham, Jill Maben
OBJECTIVES: Schwartz Center Rounds ('Rounds') are a multidisciplinary forum in which healthcare staff within an organisation discuss the psychological, emotional and social challenges associated with their work in a confidential and safe environment. Implemented in over 375 North American organisations, since 2009, they have been increasingly adopted in England. This study aimed to establish how many and what types of organisations have adopted Rounds in England, and to explore why they did so...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049527/predicting-adherence-to-acupuncture-appointments-for-low-back-pain-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Felicity L Bishop, Lucy Yardley, Cyrus Cooper, Paul Little, George Lewith
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a popular form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), but it is not clear why patients do (or do not) follow acupuncturists' treatment recommendations. This study aimed to investigate theoretically-derived predictors of adherence to acupuncture. METHODS: In a prospective study, adults receiving acupuncture for low back pain completed validated questionnaires at baseline, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Patients and acupuncturists reported attendance...
January 3, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042893/the-experiences-of-myocardial-infarction-patients-readmitted-within-six-months-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
H Iles-Smith, C Deaton, M Campbell, C Mercer, L McGowan
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored the experiences of patients readmitted due to potential ischaemic heart disease (p-IHD) symptoms within 6 months of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI). BACKGROUND: Following myocardial infarction (MI) and PPCI, some patients experience p-IHD symptoms that may lead to readmission. Symptoms may be related to cardiac ischaemia, reduced psychological health or a comorbid condition. DESIGN: A qualitative study involving semi-structured, in-depth interviews conducted once, mean 196 (50 to 384) days following readmission (at least 6 months following original STEMI and PPCI)...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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