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Hemeoxygenase 1

Zebing Rao, Na Zhang, Ning Xu, Ying Pan, Mengjun Xiao, Junxian Wu, Hong Zhou, Shuo Yang, Yunzi Chen
[This corrects the article on p. 1308 in vol. 8, PMID: 29085368.].
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Vasundhara Kain, Kevin A Ingle, Janusz Kabarowski, Stephen Barnes, Nita A Limdi, Sumanth D Prabhu, Ganesh V Halade
12/15 lipoxygenase (LOX) directs inflammation and lipid remodeling. However, the role of 12/15LOX in post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular remodeling is unclear. To determine the role of 12/15LOX, 8-12 week-old C57BL/6 J wild-type (WT; n = 93) and 12/15LOX-/- (n = 97) mice were subjected to permanent coronary artery ligation and monitored at day (d)1 and d5 post-operatively. Post-MI d28 survival was measured in male and female mice. No-MI surgery mice were maintained as d0 naïve controls...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Changjun Jia, Chaoliu Dai, Hailiang Wang, Yi Wan, Yunyu Qiao, Feng Xu, Songlin Peng, Yang Zhao, Chuang Zhao, Liang Zhao
Background/Aims: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious concern during hepatic vascular occlusion. The objectives of this study were to assess effects of three techniques for hepatic vascular occlusion on I/R injury and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Liver cirrhotic rats had undertaken Pringle maneuver (PR), hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HH), or hepatic blood inflow occlusion without hemihepatic artery control (WH). Levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α ), nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon- β (TRIF), and hemeoxygenase 1 (HMOX1) were assayed...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Gang Wang, Ying Liu, Xue-Feng Hou, Zhong-Cheng Ke, Liang Feng, Xiao-Bin Jia
Ligusticum chuanxiong is one of the common traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for treating various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and a number of previous studies have demonstrated that the extract of L. chuanxiong has strong antioxidative activity. This paper was mainly aimed to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of L. chuanxiong extraction on oxidative stress induced by myocardial ischemia injury in rats. The rats were subcutaneously injected with isoprenaline hydrochloride to induce myocardial ischemia injury and treated for 2 weeks...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Marwa M Said, Samar S Azab, Noha M Saeed, Ebtehal El-Demerdash
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to elucidate the potential antifibrotic effects of pinocembrin (PIN), a flavanone found abundantly in honey and propolis, by studying its effect on different oxidative stress, inflammatory and fibrosis markers in an experimental model of CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PIN (20 mg/kg) was given orally 3 times/week for 6 consecutive weeks alternating with CCl4 (0.5 mL/kg, 1:1 mixture with corn oil, i. p.) twice weekly...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
Xiaowei Chen, Xiaozhou Ying, Weiming Sun, Huijia Zhu, Xin Jiang, Bin Chen
The present study was designed to investigate the possible protective effects of fraxetin against ethanol induced liver fibrosis in rats. Rats were underwent intragastric administration of ethanol (5.0-9.5 g/kg) once a day for 24 weeks. Effect of fraxetin against ethanol induced liver fibrosis was investigated by giving 20 or 50 mg/kg fraxetin. At the end of experiment, the livers were collected for histopathological analyses, protein extraction, and enzymatic activities. Our results indicated that fraxetin significantly corrected ethanol-induced hepatic fibrosis, as evidenced by the decrease in serum ALT and AST, the attenuation of histopathological changes...
February 1, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Devy Deliyanti, Saeed F Alrashdi, Sih Min Tan, Colin Meyer, Keith W Ward, Judy B de Haan, Jennifer L Wilkinson-Berka
Purpose: Oxidative stress is a causal factor in the development of diabetic retinopathy; however, clinically relevant strategies to treat the disease by augmenting antioxidant defense mechanisms have not been fully explored. We hypothesized that boosting nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant capacity with the novel Nrf2 activator dh404, would protect the retina in diabetes including vision-threatening breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) and associated damage to macroglial Müller cells...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Ripon Sarkar, Kabita Chaterjee, Durbadal Ojha, Bijurica Chakraborty, Sanghamitra Sengupta, Debprasad Chattopadhyay, Chirasree RoyChaudhuri, Ananya Barui
Metabolic alterations of oral epithelial cells under oxidative stress are important signatures for early diagnosis of oral cancer. Amongst different metabolic alterations, non-invasive photo-diagnostic methods have been extensively used for determining cellular heme metabolism and accumulation of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) under administration of suitable photosensitizer. In this study, we report these metabolic alterations by direct analysis of oral exfoliated cells obtained from individuals with prolonged smoking habit without the exogenous administration of any photosensitizer...
January 4, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Amani Kurdi, Kamal Hassan, Balaji Venkataraman, Mohanraj Rajesh
In this study, the hepatoprotective and anti-fibrotic actions of nootkatone (NTK) were investigated using carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced liver fibrosis in mice. CCl4 administration elevated serum aspartate and alanine transaminases levels, respectively. In addition, CCl4 produced hepatic oxidative and nitrative stress, characterized by diminished hemeoxygenase-1 expression, antioxidant defenses, and accumulation of 4-hydroxynonenal and 3-nitrotyrosine. Furthermore, CCl4 administration evoked profound expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine expressions such as tumor necrosis factor-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and interleukin-1β in hepatic tissues, which corroborated with nuclear factor κB activation...
February 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ryoko Watanabe, Takumi Kurose, Yuta Morishige, Ko Fujimori
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are associated with various neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. 3,3',4',7-Tetrahydroxyflavone (fisetin), a plant flavonoid has a variety of physiological effects such as antioxidant activity. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the neuroprotective effects of fisetin against 6-OHDA-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. 6-OHDA-mediated cell toxicity was reduced in a fisetin concentration-dependent manner...
February 2018: Neurochemical Research
Kayoko Kawakami, Chie Moritani, Misugi Uraji, Akiko Fujita, Koji Kawakami, Tadashi Hatanaka, Etsuko Suzaki, Seiji Tsuboi
Acetaminophen is a commonly used analgesic. However, an overdose of acetaminophen causes severe hepatotoxicity via depletion of hepatic glutathione. Here, we investigated the protective effects of sake lees hydrolysate against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Sake lees hydrolysate was administered orally to ICR mice for seven days. Six hours after acetaminophen treatment, the mice were sacrificed, and blood and liver samples were collected for analysis. Treatment with acetaminophen markedly increased the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Elena Alcalde-Estévez, Ana I Arroba, Elena M Sánchez-Fernández, Carmen Ortiz Mellet, Jose M García Fernández, Laura Masgrau, Ángela M Valverde
Neuroinflammation is an early event during diabetic retinopathy (DR) that impacts the dynamics of microglia polarization. Gliosis is a hallmark of DR and we have reported the beneficial effects of 1R-DSO-ONJ, a member of the sp2 -iminosugar glycolipid (sp2 -IGL) family, in targeting microglia and reducing gliosis in diabetic db/db mice. Herein, we analyzed the effect of DSO2 -ONJ, another family compound incorporating a sulfone group that better mimics the phosphate group of phosphatidylinositol ether lipid analogues (PIAs), in Bv...
January 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Lei Yang, Lei Shen, Yue Li, Yanxia Li, Shijie Yu, Shanshan Wang
Background: Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. Methods: We established a mouse model of experimental acute colitis by treating mice with drinking water supplemented with 3...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
Yong Wang, Fan Chen, Ming Liang, Shouzhen Chen, Yaofeng Zhu, Zhichuan Zou, Benkang Shi
The present study investigated whether grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) can attenuate varicocele‑induced testicular oxidative injury through the nuclear factor (erythroid‑derived 2)‑like 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant pathway. A varicocele model in rats was established by partial ligation of the left renal vein. Following 4 weeks of GSPE administration, the decreased sperm count and motility and other pathological changes caused by varicocele were significantly alleviated, as indicated by the results of computer‑assisted sperm analysis and hematoxylin and eosin staining...
January 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
N Secher, L Østergaard, E Tønnesen, F B Hansen, A Granfeldt
BACKGROUND: Advanced age is an independent predictor of poor outcome after cardiac arrest (CA). From experimental studies of regional ischemia-reperfusion injury, advanced age is associated with larger infarct size, reduced organ function, and augmented oxidative stress. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of age on cardiovascular function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial activation after CA representing global ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Aged (26 months) and young (5 months) rats were subjected to 8 min of asphyxia induced CA, resuscitated and observed for 360 min...
January 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Chao Li, Bin Yang, Zhihao Xu, Eric Boivin, Mazzen Black, Wenlong Huang, Baoyou Xu, Ping Wu, Bo Zhang, Xian Li, Kunsong Chen, Yulian Wu, Gina R Rayat
Oxidative stress is a major cause of islet injury and dysfunction during isolation and transplantation procedures. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), which is present in various fruits and vegetables especially in Chinese bayberry, shows a potent antioxidant property. In this study, we determined whether C3G could protect neonatal porcine islets (NPI) from reactive oxygen species (H2O2)-induced injury in vitro and promote the function of NPI in diabetic mice. We found that C3G had no deleterious effect on NPI and that C3G protected NPI from damage induced by H2O2 Significantly higher hemeoxygenase-1 (HO1) gene expression was detected in C3G-treated NPI compared to untreated islets before and after transplantation (P < 0...
December 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
Yu Wang, Su-Han Guo, Xue-Jun Shang, Li-Sha Yu, Jian-Wei Zhu, Ang Zhao, Yan-Fen Zhou, Guo-Hua An, Qi Zhang, Bo Ma
Triptolide (TP), an oxygenated diterpene, has a variety of beneficial pharmacodynamic activities but its clinical applications are restricted due to severe testicular injury. This study aimed to delineate the molecular mechanisms of TP-induced testicular injury in vitro and in vivo. TP (5-50000 nmol/L) dose-dependently decreased the viability of TM4 Sertoli cells with an IC50 value of 669.5-269.45 nmol/L at 24 h. TP (125, 250, and 500 nmol/L) dose-dependently increased the accumulation of ROS, the phosphorylation of JNK, mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway in TM4 cells...
September 14, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Amany M Gad, Ola M Abd El-Raouf, Bahia M El-Sayeh, Hala M Fawzy, Dalaal M Abdallah
Renal toxicity is one of the most severe complications that can occur with cisplatin (CIS) administration in cancer patients. Montelukast (ML) renoprotective outcome contrary to CIS-drawn nephrotoxicity remains obscure. Therefore, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally given ML (10 and 20 mg/kg/day) 5 days before and after single CIS (5 mg/kg; i.p.) treatment. ML returned blood urea nitrogen, as well as serum creatinine and gamma glutamyl transferase that were elevated by CIS to normal level. The improved kidney function tests corroborated the attenuation of CIS renal injury at the microscopical level...
December 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Yue Shi, Xiao-Chun Liang, Hong Zhang, Qing Sun, Qun-Li Wu, Ling Qu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the combination of quercetin (Q), cinnamaldehyde (C) and hirudin (H), a Chinese medicine formula on high glucose (HG)-induced apoptosis of cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. METHODS: DRG neurons exposed to HG (45 mmol/L) for 24 h were employed as an in vitro model of diabetic neuropathy. Cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and apoptosis were determined. The expression of nuclear factor of Kappa B (NF-κB), inhibitory kappa Bα(IκBα), phosphorylated IκBα and Nf-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) were examined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot assay...
September 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Juan Bai, Xiao-Jing Yu, Kai-Li Liu, Fang-Fang Wang, Gui-Xia Jing, Hong-Bao Li, Yan Zhang, Chan-Juan Huo, Xiang Li, Hong-Li Gao, Jie Qi, Yu-Ming Kang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Nuclear factor E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is an important transcription factor that modulates cell antioxidant defense response against oxidative stress. The present study aimed to explore the efficacy of PVN administration of tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), a selective Nrf2 activator, in hypertensive rats. 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were used in this study...
October 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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