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Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Frans Eberth Costa Andrade, Mab Pereira Corrêa, Alexandre Dantas Gimenes, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos, Mauro Campos, Roger Chammas, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Cristiane Damas Gil
AIMS: To evaluate galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside binding protein, as a possible biomarker in ocular allergy and further investigated the role of endogenous Gal-3 in a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic conjunctivitis (AC). METHODS: Conjunctival impression cytology specimens from control and patients with severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis, treated or untreated, were used to evaluate Gal-3 expression by immunocytochemistry. To investigate the mechanism of action of Gal-3, OVA-immunised BALB/c male wild-type (WT) and Gal-3 null (Gal-3-/- ) mice were challenged with eye drops containing OVA on days 14-16 with a subset of animals pretreated with 0...
March 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tassapol Singalavanija, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders...
2018: PloS One
A Omgbwa Eballé, N Essomba, E Mbassi Ndocko, P Ngang, C Ebana Mvogo, A L Bella
Given the causative parasite hypothesis for tropical endemic limbo-conjunctivitis (TELC), we conducted an analytical case-control study of all children with tropical endemic limbo-conjunctivitis seen in the ophthalmology department of Laquintinie hospital in Douala during the period from January 2nd to April 30, 2015. RESULTS: We identified 64 cases of tropical endemic limbo-conjunctivitis out of 550 children seen; a hospital prevalence of 11.6%; thirteen cases (eight boys and five girls) did not meet inclusion criteria, and 51 cases were included, 31 boys (60...
January 29, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Hampton Addis, Bennie H Jeng
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic allergic conjunctivitis that is most often seen in young, males. Although most types of allergic conjunctivitis do not affect vision, VKC is unusual in that damage to the cornea from the condition can result in vision loss. Although it is typically seasonal, year-round symptoms can be seen, which can lead to uncertain diagnoses being made. Although the pathophysiology of VKC is better understood in recent years, allowing more targeted therapies, management of these patients can still be very challenging, and complications can occur...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Andrea Leonardi, Daniela Lazzarini, Alvise La Gloria Valerio, Tania Scalora, Iva Fregona
AIM: To propose a new scoring system in the assessment of ocular surface epithelial damage in vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: 25 consecutive patients with VKC (50 eyes) were evaluated using the Quality of Life in children with VKC (QUICK) questionnaire and objective clinical measures: fluorescein and lissamine green staining and cornea confocal microscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomography 3). Oxford, Van Bljsterweld and a new system, the VKC-Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus study (CLEK) (VKC-CLEK) scores, were used to evaluate the epithelial damage after staining...
January 24, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
C M Gómez-Henao, C I Herrera-Morales, R Ramírez-Giraldo, R Cardona-Villa
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is one of the most serious ocular allergies that have the potential to induce large ocular morbidity and significant visual changes affecting the quality of life of these individuals. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted in two phases. The first phase consisted of the clinical characterization of 32 patients from the Clinical Allergology center of the I.P.S. Universitaria from July 2014 to February 2015. A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Virender S Sangwan, Swati Gupta, Shilpa Das
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cataracts are a significant cause of blindness and visual impairment worldwide. With the recent advances in cataract surgery techniques, outcomes have improved significantly in uncomplicated cases. This article discusses the challenges and outcomes of cataract surgery in complex cases targeting eyes with ocular surface diseases like Stevens-Johnson syndrome, ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, Mooren's ulcer, vernal keratoconjunctivitis and limbal stem cell deficiency. RECENT FINDINGS: Ocular surface diseases are commonly associated with corneal scarring and vascularization, conjunctival inflammation, symblepharon and forniceal shortening...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Mortada A Abozaid
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted Keraring implantation followed by transepithelial accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of keratoconus in children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Study design: This is a prospective interventional non-comparative case series. Patients and methods: Eighteen eyes of 11 children with keratoconus and VKC were included in this study...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
Abdulrahman Mohammed Al-Amri, Sandra Flavia Fiorentini, Maan A Albarry, Ashjan Yousef Bamahfouz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of 0.003% tacrolimus suspension for the treatment of refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 40 eyes of 20 patients with severe VKC. After discontinuing all other medications, patients were treated with varying doses of 0.003% tacrolimus suspension. All were followed for at least 24 months. Changes in signs and symptoms after treatment were evaluated; adverse events were assessed...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Prafulla K Maharana, Pranita Sahay, M Sujeeth, Deepali Singhal, Anubha Rathi, Jeewan S Titiyal, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern of microbial keratitis after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linkage (aCXL) in patients with keratoconus. METHOD: The medical records of cases of keratoconus that underwent aCXL from June 2014 to May 2017 were reviewed. Cases that developed microbial keratitis after aCXL were included in the study. The clinical, microbiological profile and the treatment outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 532 eyes that underwent aCXL, 7 cases developed microbial keratitis during the study period...
November 2, 2017: Cornea
Tommy C Y Chan, Emily S Wong, Jason C K Chan, Yumeng Wang, Marco Yu, Naoyuki Maeda, Vishal Jhanji
PURPOSE: To investigate the corneal backward scattering and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and normal topography. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes of 22 patients with VKC and 54 eyes of 34 normal subjects were included. All participants had clear cornea, absence of dry eyes and a normal corneal tomography. Scheimpflug imaging was used to measure corneal backward scattering in zones centred on the corneal apex (central 2-mm zone and paracentral 2- to 6-mm zone), and HOAs were compared between VKC and normal control...
November 1, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mark Zada, Ushasree Pattamatta, Andrew White
Modulating conjunctival wound healing has the potential to improve outcomes after glaucoma filtration surgery and for several ocular disorders, including ocular cicatrial pemphigoid, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and pterygium. Although anti-inflammatories and antimetabolites have been used with success, these nonspecific agents are not without their complications. The search for novel and more targeted means to control conjunctival fibrosis without such limitations has brought much attention to the regulation of fibroblast proliferation, differentiation, extracellular matrix production, and apoptosis...
February 2018: Ophthalmology
Geetha Iyer, Shweta Agarwal, Bhaskar Srinivasan
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of mucous membrane grafting (MMG) for refractory giant papillae in vernal keratoconjunctivitis. METHODS: Eleven eyes of 6 patients having giant papillae and recurrent shield ulcers refractory to topical medications, cryotherapy, and supratarsal steroid injections and shave excision of papillae underwent surgical resection of the giant papillae with MMG. Average occurrence of shield ulcers was twice per eye per year before the procedure with 50% of eyes having steroid-induced cataract and glaucoma...
October 13, 2017: Cornea
Vera Lucia Liendo, Maria Eugenia Vola, Telma Pereira Barreiro, Tais Hitomi Wakamatsu, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos
Purpose: Administration of eye drops containing antihistamines or sodium cromoglycate and its derivatives for the treatment of allergic keratoconjunctivitis is often insufficient and usually requires the addition of corticosteroids. However, the risk of complications, such as glaucoma and cataract, limits the use of corticosteroids to short courses, resulting in inadequate long-term treatment response. Immunosuppressive drugs have been considered as a valid alternative to steroids for atopic keratoconjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
S Yang, Y Jiang, Y M Jin, J Y Zhang, Y Li
Objective: To observe the clinical characteristics of allergic conjunctivitis, and the correlations with skin prick test results. Methods: A retrospective study. Forty patients with positive skin prick test result were included. Patients underwent an ophthalmologic examination to identify their primary presenting signs and symptoms. The allergy types were divided into 5 groups. All dates were analyzed for the dependence, normality and homogeneity of variance. Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed accordingly...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexandre Xavier da Costa, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Leonardo Guedes Candido Marculino, Vera Lucia Liendo, Telma Pereira Barreiro, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of supratarsal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in children. METHODS: Patients included in this open clinical trial were those with severe VKC-associated with keratitis, gelatinous limbal infiltrates, and/or giant papillae, with a history of recurrence and resistance to conventional topical antiallergic agents. Patients were treated with a supratarsal injection of 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Eduardo Gayger Müller, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos, Denise Freitas, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of monotherapy using tacrolimus eye drops versus sodium cromoglycate for the treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: Randomized double-masked controlled trial comparing the efficacy of tacrolimus 0.03% eye drops t.i.d. (Group 1) with sodium cromoglycate 4% eye drops t.i.d. (Group 2) for the symptomatic control of VKC at days 0, 15, 30, 45, and 90 of follow-up. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and other complications were evaluated to assess safety and side effects...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Qi Wan, Jing Tang, Yu Han, Dan Wang, Hongquan Ye
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops in the tarsal form of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and to survey the changes of dendritic cells at the palpebral conjunctiva in patients with VKC by in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS: A total of 17 patients (34 eyes) with the tarsal form of VKC were enrolled in this prospective, nonrandomized case series. They were treated with 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops twice daily after discontinuation of all other topical medications...
August 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
Tanima Bose, Aihua Hou, Ryan Lee, Louis Tong, K George Chandy
Traditionally, ocular surface cytology is studied with techniques such as spatula technology and brush technology. The problem with these techniques is that they may induce traumatic lesions on the surface of the eye, which can progress to scarring, eyelid deformity, limbal stem cell deficiency and in some cases, cause great discomfort to the subject. To avoid these clinical problems, impression cytology (IC) was developed to diagnose dry eye disease and later neoplasia, atopic disease, vernal keratoconjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis sicca...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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