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C Brooke Steele, Cheryll C Thomas, S Jane Henley, Greta M Massetti, Deborah A Galuska, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Mary Puckett, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of at least 13 different types of cancer. METHODS: Data from the United States Cancer Statistics for 2014 were used to assess incidence rates, and data from 2005 to 2014 were used to assess trends for cancers associated with overweight and obesity (adenocarcinoma of the esophagus; cancers of the breast [in postmenopausal women], colon and rectum, endometrium, gallbladder, gastric cardia, kidney, liver, ovary, pancreas, and thyroid; meningioma; and multiple myeloma) by sex, age, race/ethnicity, state, geographic region, and cancer site...
October 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Rongshou Zheng, Hongmei Zeng, Siwei Zhang, Wanqing Chen
INTRODUCTION: Population-based cancer registration data are collected by the National Central Cancer Registry in China every year. Cancer incident cases and cancer deaths in 2013 were analyzed. METHODS: Through the procedure of quality control, reported data from 255 registries were accepted to establish the national database for cancer estimates. Incidences and mortalities were calculated with stratification by area (urban/rural), sex (male/female), age group (0, 1-4, 5-9, 10-14 … 80-84, and 85-year-old and above), and cancer site...
August 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Wanqing Chen, Rongshou Zheng, Hongmei Zeng, Siwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) collected population-based cancer registration data in 2012 from local registries and estimated the cancer incidence and mortality in China. METHODS: In the middle of 2015, 261 cancer registries submitted reports on new cancer cases and deaths occurred in 2012. Qualified data from 193 registries were used for analysis after evaluation. Crude rates, number of cases, and age-standardized rates stratified by area (urban/rural), sex, age group, and cancer type were calculated according to the national population in 2012...
August 2, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Wan-Qing Chen, Rong-Shou Zheng, Si-Wei Zhang, Ni Li, Ping Zhao, Guang-Lin Li, Liang-You Wu, Jie He
OBJECTIVE: Annual cancer incidence and mortality in 2008 were provided by National Central Cancer Registry in China, which data were collected from population-based cancer registries in 2011. METHODS: There were 56 registries submitted their data in 2008. After checking and evaluating the data quality, total 41 registries' data were accepted and pooled for analysis. Incidence and mortality rates by area (urban or rural areas) were assessed, as well as the age- and sex-specific rates, age-standardized rates, proportions and cumulative rate...
September 2012: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Raxitkumar Jinjuvadia, Kartikkumar Jinjuvadia, Suthat Liangpunsakul
BACKGROUND: Racial difference in cancer-related mortality has been described in epidemiological studies and evidence points towards higher mortalities in the minorities. To determine the magnitude of racial disparities and sex differences in GI cancer-related mortalities in the US population, we analyzed the data using the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) and related mortality data files. METHODS: NHANES III and its related public linked mortality files were used for this study...
January 2013: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Cristina Bosetti, Valentina Rosato, Jerry Polesel, Fabio Levi, Renato Talamini, Maurizio Montella, Eva Negri, Alessandra Tavani, Antonella Zucchetto, Silvia Franceschi, Giovanni Corrao, Carlo La Vecchia
Diabetes has been associated to the risk of a few cancer sites, though quantification of this association in various populations remains open to discussion. We analyzed the relation between diabetes and the risk of various cancers in an integrated series of case-control studies conducted in Italy and Switzerland between 1991 and 2009. The studies included 1,468 oral and pharyngeal, 505 esophageal, 230 gastric, 2,390 colorectal, 185 liver, 326 pancreatic, 852 laryngeal, 3,034 breast, 607 endometrial, 1,031 ovarian, 1,294 prostate, and 767 renal cell cancer cases and 12,060 hospital controls...
2012: Nutrition and Cancer
Radu Albulescu, Monica Neagu, Lucian Albulescu, Cristiana Tanase
Digestive cancers (e.g., gastric, colorectal, pancreatic or hepatocarcinoma) are among the most frequently reported cancers in the world, and are characterized by invasivity, metastatic potential and poor outcomes. This group includes some of the most critical cancers (among them, are those ranked second to forth in cancer-related mortality) and, despite all sustained efforts, they maintain a profile of low survival rates and lack successful therapies. Discovery of biomarkers that improve disease characterization may make optimized or personalized therapy possible...
January 2011: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Richard A Kozarek
This is the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Society for Gastrointestinal Intervention, a multi-disciplinary group of practitioners committed to a minimally invasive approach to both the diagnosis and treatment of digestive disorders. The key concepts are minimally invasive and multi-disciplinary which can be construed as practicing in parallel with occasional lines of procedural and clinical interaction or inter-disciplinary in which patients are acutely cared for by a team, with treatments tailored to the patient and not the discipline that touches the patient first...
September 2010: Gut and Liver
Simona Vălean, Petru Armean, Simona Resteman, Georgiana Nagy, Adina Mureşan, Petru A Mircea
AIM: Until recently, gastric cancer was the most frequent digestive neoplasia in our country. Our study presents the first synthesis of data regarding mortality rates from digestive cancers, for a period covering 50 years, in Romania. METHODS: Age-standardized mortality rates /100,000 population, general and/or per gender, concerning six digestive cancers, were identified from the statistics of IARC/OMS (Lyon, France) (years 1955-2002) and of the Ministry of Public Health (Bucharest, Romania) (year 2004)...
March 2008: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
H Feussner, F Härtl
The availability of more treatment options for gastrointestinal cancer requires precise and reliable pretherapeutic staging. Despite impressive technical progress in modern imaging procedures, this high level of staging quality is not yet warranted in all instances. Visual exploration of the abdominal cavity in extended diagnostic laparoscopy (EDL), including surgical dissection of areas which are primarily inaccessible, biopsy retrieval, and laparoscopic ultrasound, is superior in the diagnostic workup of early peritoneal carcinomatosis and (small) liver metastases...
November 2006: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Chisato Hamashima, Tomotaka Sobue, Yukio Muramatsu, Hiroshi Saito, Noriyuki Moriyama, Tadao Kakizoe
BACKGROUND: The Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening program is a one-arm prospective study designed to evaluate the effect of multiple modalities for cancer screening. Basic programs consist of screening tests for cancer of the lung, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, liver, gall bladder, pancreas and kidneys, in addition to prostate cancer screening for males and breast, cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer screenings for females. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possibility of overdiagnosis, we compared the observed numbers with expected numbers based on the model...
May 2006: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Claudia Rubie, Katja Kempf, Joachim Hans, Tiefen Su, Bettina Tilton, Thomas Georg, Brigitte Brittner, Bianca Ludwig, Martin Schilling
Careful normalization is essential for the accurate quantitation of mRNA levels in biopsy-sized tissue samples. Commonly, normalization of the target gene with an endogenous standard, mainly housekeeping genes (HKGs), is applied. However, differences in the expression levels of endogenous reference genes have been reported between different tissues and pathological states. Therefore, we were challenged to identify a set of endogenous reference genes whose mRNA expression levels would not change significantly between normal and cancerous tissues...
April 2005: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Domenico Coppola, Marianna Szabo, David Boulware, Patrick Muraca, Marwan Alsarraj, Ann F Chambers, Timothy J Yeatman
PURPOSE: Osteopontin (OPN) is an integrin-binding protein overexpressed in various experimental models of malignancy and appears to be involved in tumorigenesis and metastasis. Although various studies have assessed OPN protein levels in several tumor types, a broad survey of OPN expression in human neoplasia under the same experimental conditions has not been carried out. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We used immunohistochemistry to detect OPN in a selection of 350 human tumors and 113 normal tissues, from a variety of body sites, using stage-oriented human cancer tissue arrays...
January 1, 2004: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Henry F Frierson, Christopher A Moskaluk, Steven M Powell, Hong Zhang, Lisa A Cerilli, Mark H Stoler, Helen Cathro, Garret M Hampton
The 40-kilodalton processed glycoprotein, mesothelin, is highly expressed in epithelial mesotheliomas and adenocarcinomas of the ovary (serous papillary) and pancreas, but its expression in a large series of other common carcinomas has not been completely explored. In the present study, we used oligonucleotide and tissue microarrays to profile the expression of the mesothelin gene (MSLN) and encoded protein, respectively. Among 150 carcinomas of multiple anatomic sites, we found the highest average expression of MSLN in serous carcinomas of the ovary and adenocarcinomas of the pancreas, consistent with previous reports, as well as measurable but less-striking expression in pulmonary, gastric/esophageal, and colorectal adenocarcinomas...
June 2003: Human Pathology
T Asao, H Kuwano, J Nakamura, A Okamura, E G Berger, K L Matta, S Yazawa
We have previously reported that the elevated activities of serum alpha 1,3fucosyltransferase reverted to normal levels after curative removal of the tumors. To determine the origin of elevated serum alpha 1,3fucosyltransferase, blood samples were obtained from both the drainage vein and the artery in patients with different stages of colorectal cancer at surgery. The enzyme levels in all samples from the drainage vein were found to be higher than the levels in the artery that fed the tumor. Hence, the origin of elevated alpha1,3fucosyltransferase in serum was thought to be the tumor rather than the liver that is the normal source of serum alpha1,3fucosyltransferase...
2000: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Y Motoo, H Kawakami, H Watanabe, Y Satomura, H Ohta, T Okai, H Makino, D Toya, N Sawabu
Serum levels of sialyl-Tn antigen (STN) were measured using a one-step radioimmunoassay kit in 257 patients with digestive cancers, 121 patients with benign digestive diseases, and in 64 healthy controls. With 45 U/ml regarded as the cutoff value, the positive rates of serum STN in digestive cancers were as follows: pancreas 40.0%, stomach 28.1, colon and rectum 27.8, biliary tract 25.0, liver 7.1, and esophagus 0%. In benign digestive diseases, the positive rate of STN was low (4.1%). In gastric and colorectal cancers, simultaneous measurements of STN and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) revealed that the positive rates of STN, CEA, and STN and/or CEA were 28, 42, and 55%, respectively...
1991: Oncology
C La Vecchia, E Negri, S Franceschi, A Gentile
BACKGROUND: The role of a family history of selected neoplasms in first-degree relatives in the risk of gastrointestinal cancers has been investigated, but requires further quantification. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in northern Italy on 628 histologically confirmed incident cases of stomach cancer, 766 cases of colon cancer, 456 cases of rectal cancer, and 1766 controls admitted to hospital for acute, nonneoplastic, non-digestive tract disorders...
July 1, 1992: Cancer
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