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Brain tumor postoperative complications

James Wright, Jessey Chugh, Christina Huang Wright, Fernando Alonso, Alia Hdeib, Haley Gittleman, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Andrew E Sloan
OBJECTIVE Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT), sometimes referred to as "stereotactic laser ablation," has demonstrated utility in a subset of high-risk surgical patients with difficult to access (DTA) intracranial neoplasms. However, the treatment of tumors larger than 10 cm(3) is associated with suboptimal outcomes and morbidity. This may limit the utility of LITT in dealing with precisely those large or deep tumors that are most difficult to treat with conventional approaches. Recently, several groups have reported on minimally invasive transsulcal approaches utilizing tubular retracting systems...
October 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar, Satish Varma, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Ramesh Doddamani, Amandeep Jagdevan, Bhawani Shanker Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare condition with the potential to cause severe morbidity and mortality. CVST can also occur after vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery with the thrombosis of transverse and sigmoid sinus. However, there is not a single report of superior sagittal sinus (SSS) thrombosis after VS surgery reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old lady presented to our centre with large left sided solid cystic VS...
September 26, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Kazuhito Takeuchi, Tadashi Watanabe, Tetsuya Nagatani, Yuichi Nagata, Jonsu Chu, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
PURPOSE: The transsphenoidal approach (TSA) is regarded as the first line of treatment for sellar and suprasellar lesions. There are only few case reports of postoperative subdural hematoma after TSA and extended transsphenoidal approach (eTSA), and the detailed incidence and risk factors for this complication are still unknown. We reviewed the incidence and risk factors for subdural hematoma after TSA and eTSA. METHODS: Between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014, 165 consecutive patients underwent TSA or eTSA at Nagoya University Hospital and Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital...
September 3, 2016: Pituitary
Yusuke Date, Katsuyuki Miyazu, Masahiro Ikeda
We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a rare angiosarcoma complicated by acute myocardial infarction secondary to tumor embolism. He was transported to our emergency unit because of sudden onset of chest pain. The echocardiography showed a 42×60 mm mass in the left ventricle, and the coronary angiography showed embolic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending and circumflex arteries. Emergent surgical removal of the mass was attempted under cardiopulmonary bypass, concomitant with double coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Moon-Soo Han, Yeong-Jin Kim, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Jung-In Yang, Woo Dae Kang, Sa-Hoe Lim, Woo-Youl Jang, Tae-Young Jung, In-Young Kim, Shin Jung
Intracranial meningiomas involving the major venous sinus (MVS) pose several complication risks upon performing radical resection. Some surgeons consider MVS invasion a contraindication for a complete resection of meningioma, and others suggest total resection followed by venous reconstruction. The aim of the study was to analyze our surgical results and discuss management strategy for intracranial meningiomas involving the MVS. Between 1993 and 2011, 107 patients with intracranial meningiomas involving MVS underwent surgery in our institution...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
José Luis Thenier-Villa, Raúl Alejandro Galárraga Campoverde, Adolfo Ramón DE LA Lama Zaragoza, Cesáreo Conde Alonso
Meningiomas are the most common primary intracranial tumors. Since the adhesions in the plane of dissection are of interest in surgical planning, we suggest that digital image subtraction of FLAIR data from the T2 sequence of MRI may represent better the CSF spaces in the brain-tumor interface and may be a predictor of the intraoperative cleavage plane. From 2006 to 2016, 83 convexity meningiomas were resected in the Department of Neurosurgery of the University Hospital Complex of Vigo, an analysis of preoperative MRI was performed to assess peritumoral edema (PTE), tumor volume, among others; a digital subtraction of T2-FLAIR sequences was performed and analyzed in relationship to the cleavage plane described in the intraoperative report and postoperative neurological deficits...
August 31, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
R S Dzhindzhikhadze, O N Dreval', V A Lazarev, R L Kambiev
UNLABELLED: Progress in microneurosurgical techniques, neuroanesthesiology, and intraoperative imaging enables surgery using small incisions and craniotomy, in accordance with the keyhole surgery concept. Supraorbital craniotomy is the most widespread minimally invasive approach. There are a number of supraorbital craniotomy modifications, regarding different soft tissue incisions and the extent of craniotomy. We present the first results of using mini-orbitozygomatic craniotomy for aneurysms of the anterior circle of Willis and space-occupying lesions of the anterior and middle cranial fossae performed through an eyebrow incision...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Shigehisa Fumino, Junnosuke Maniwa, Yuki Takeuchi, Kohei Sakai, Mayumi Higashi, Shigeyoshi Aoi, Taizo Furukawa, Osamu Kimura, Tatsuro Tajiri
PURPOSE: Retroperitoneal teratomas (RTs) are rare among germ cell tumors and predominantly occur in infants. RTs are often difficult to manage by perioperative management. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed our series of RTs. METHODS: Seventy patients with germ cell tumors were treated from 1989 to 2015 in our institution. Fourteen patients had RTs (3 boys and 11 girls). The median age at diagnosis was 5.5 months (range 0-64), and three were antenatally diagnosed...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Krasimir Minkin, Emanuil Naydenov, Kaloyan Gabrovski, Petia Dimova, Marin Penkov, Rositsa Tanova, Sevdelin Nachev, Kiril Romanski
OBJECTIVE: Successful use of high-dose fluorescein-sodium (20mg/kg) with a standard light microscope for resection of high-grade gliomas, meningiomas, hemangioblastoma and metastases was reported. The principle of brain tumor staining by fluorescein-sodium (Fl-Na) consists in the accumulation of fluorescein in brain tumors with impaired blood-brain barrier. The aim of our study was to investigate for the first time the usefulness of high-dose fluorescein in patients operated on for benign neuroepithelial brain tumors (grade I WHO tumors) with contrast enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging...
October 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Ganesh Rao, Salmaan Ahmed, Kenneth Hess, Anita Mahajan
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic radiosurgery to a surgical cavity (SRS-cav) to improve local control (LC) after resection of brain metastases (BM) is an alternative to adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT). There is limited prospective data regarding efficacy of SRS-cav for LC. METHODS: Patients with 1 to 3 BMs with complete resection of at least one were randomly assigned to SRS-cav or observation (OBS) of the cavity(ies). We stratified by number of BMs, histology, and volume...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Mansher Singh, Joseph A Ricci, Ian F Dunn, Edward J Caterson
BACKGROUND: Titanium cranioplasty is commonly used for surgical closure of skull defects post craniectomy. Superficial implantation of the mesh can result in discomfort, palpability, and in extreme patients, exposure of the mesh. Exposed titanium mesh can be complicated by infections and often requires implant revision or removal. Generally, the contour of the titanium mesh is camouflaged in the hairline of the patient and any aesthetic complication can remain inconspicuous. However, in the frontal bone position the thin hairless forehead skin often may not easily hide the contour of the underlying titanium mesh...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Federico Pessina, Pierina Navarria, Luca Cozzi, Anna Maria Ascolese, Giulia Maggi, Marco Rossi, Marco Riva, Marta Scorsetti, Lorenzo Bello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and the feasibility of surgery for single large brain metastases. METHODS: This retrospective study included 69 patients. All received a "supramarginal resection" according with functional boundaries, defined as a microsurgical excision with an extension larger at least 5 mm than enhancing T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences borders with dural attachment radicalization. Hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery on the tumor bed, using 30Gy in three fractions, was performed within one month after surgery...
June 30, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Rachel Pruitt, Alexander Gamble, Karen Black, Michael Schulder, Ashesh D Mehta
OBJECTIVE Complications of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) are underreported. The authors discuss how they have modified their technique in the context of technical and treatment-related adverse events. METHODS The Medtronic Visualase system was used in 49 procedures in 46 patients. Between 1 and 3 cooling catheters/laser fiber assemblies were placed, for a total of 62 implanted devices. Devices were placed using frameless stereotaxy (n = 3), frameless stereotaxy with intraoperative MRI (iMRI) (n = 9), iMRI under direct vision (n = 2), MRI alone (n = 1), or frame-based (n = 47) techniques...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Yu V Dumanskiy, V A Stepko, O V Sinyachenko
Abstract The factors, determining possibility of early postoperative morbidity occurrence in patients, suffering gastro-esophageal zone cancer, were analyzed. After radical operation performance (gastrectomy, gastric and esophageal resection) 5.7% patients died. Insufficience of the anastomosis sutures with peritonitis occurrence, an acute hepato-renal insufficience, an acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, the brain insult, pancreonecrosis and mesenterial thrombosis constituted the main morbidities...
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
M A Moga, A Daniilidis, N F Bigiu, C Andrei, K Dinas, D G Festila
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of ganglioneuroblastoma encountered rarely in adults, especially during pregnancy. Materials and METHODS: The authors present a case of ganglioneuroblastoma relapse during the third trimester of pregnancy in a patient previously treated for ganglioneuroblastoma who had a eight-year disease-free interval. Late manifestation of neurological symptoms (vestibular syndrome, nystagmus, slightly right motor deficit) was perhaps influenced by the hormonal pregnancy effects...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Prasad Krishnan, Soumen Kanti Kumar, Rajaraman Kartikueyan, Sachinkumar Maheshbhai Patel
Cranial fixation with pins is a routine adjunct in neurosurgery and is usually considered safe. A rarely reported complication is skull fracture at the pin site and consequent epidural hematoma. Usually, these are picked up only postoperatively and rarely, intraoperatively if there is unexplained "brain bulge" in which case the operation should be terminated and urgent imaging has to be done. We describe such a complication that occurred while operating on a 12-year-old child with a posterior fossa tumor and review the available literature dealing with such events...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Omar Choudhri, Vinod K Ravikumar, Melanie Hayden Gephart
BACKGROUND: Meningiomas can present during pregnancy as the result of hormonal as well as fluid changes. Foramen magnum meningiomas are particularly rare. We present the first reported case successfully treated during pregnancy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 34-year-old female patient in her second trimester of pregnancy presented with a several-week history of neck pain, clonus, and right-sided upper extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated a 3...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
Zubair Ahmad, Nasir Ud Din, Aisha Memon, Mohammad Usman Tariq, Romana Idrees, Sheema Hasan
BACKGROUND: Central neurocytomas are rare neuronal neoplasms with a favorable prognosis. They are typically located in the lateral ventricles of the brain and mostly histologically correspond to WHO grade II with a Mib 1 labelling index of <2%. Similar tumors located in the cerebral hemispheres and spinal cord, for example, are called "extraventricular neurocytomas". A few tumors histologically show atypia, mitoses, vascular proliferation and/or necrosis and a Mib 1 index >2 % and are designated as "atypical neurocytomas...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Makoto Ideguchi, Koji Kajiwara, Koichi Yoshikawa, Hisaharu Goto, Kazutaka Sugimoto, Takao Inoue, Sadahiro Nomura, Michiyasu Suzuki
OBJECTIVE To avoid ischemic complications, it is important to consider the arteries in resection planning for lesions such as a vascular intraparenchymal tumor and arteriovenous malformation. Here, the clinical application of laser speckle flow imaging (LSFI) as a complementary method for the management of mass lesion-related arteries during surgery was evaluated. METHODS LSFI was performed in 12 patients with mass lesion-related arteries and brain tumor or arteriovenous malformation. The portable LSFI device was centered over the surgical field, and the relative cerebral blood flow (CBF) before and after the temporary interruption of the arteries was measured through continuous recording...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Yongzhi Wang, Zhiqin Lin, Zongze Li, Meng Zhao, Mengqing Hu, Hua Zhang, Xiaolin Chen, Zhongli Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative entrapped temporal horn (ETH), a specific form of isolated hydrocephalus that is a severe complication after resection of lateral ventricular trigone tumors, following trigone meningioma surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 121 cases of trigone meningiomas surgically treated between November 2011 and March 2015 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital. Patient demographics, imaging features, surgical procedures, and postoperative complications were evaluated by statistical analysis...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
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