keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brain tumor postoperative complications

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895098/recurrent-cerebral-attack-caused-by-thrombosis-in-the-pulmonary-vein-stump-in-a-patient-with-left-upper-lobectomy-on-anticoagulant-therapy-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Takahito Nakano, Mayumi Inaba, Hiroyuki Kaneda
BACKGROUND: Thrombus formation in the pulmonary vein stump after pulmonary resection has recently been identified as a cause of systemic thrombosis including brain infarction. However, there is limited research focusing on the clinical course of pulmonary vein stump thrombus, and optimal treatment and prevention strategies of this important complication have not been established. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old woman was diagnosed with lung cancer of the left upper lobe, cT4N2M0, cStage IIIB...
September 11, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856528/resident-participation-is-not-associated-with-postoperative-adverse-events-reoperation-or-prolonged-length-of-stay-following-craniotomy-for-brain-tumor-resection
#2
Nikita Lakomkin, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis
Prior studies exploring the impact of resident involvement on complication and mortality rates in neurosurgery have evaluated heterogeneous cohorts. Since brain tumor resection is characterized by significant operative complexity, variety, and morbidity, intraoperative resident involvement has the potential to impact patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was thus to explore the relationship between resident involvement and patient outcomes following craniotomy for brain tumor resection. Data for adult patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor resection were extracted from the 2008-2014 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808901/the-utility-of-routine-intensive-care-admission-for-patients-undergoing-intracranial-neurosurgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#3
Cesar Cimonari de Almeida, M Dustin Boone, Yosef Laviv, Burkhard S Kasper, Clark C Chen, Ekkehard M Kasper
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone intracranial neurosurgical procedures have traditionally been admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for close postoperative neurological observation. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the evidence for routine ICU admission in patients undergoing intracranial neurosurgical procedures and to evaluate the safety of alternative postoperative pathways. METHODS: We were interested in identifying studies that examined selected patients who presented for elective, non-emergent intracranial surgery whose postoperative outcomes were compared as a function of ICU versus non-ICU admission...
August 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770339/evaluating-vertebral-artery-dominancy-before-t4-lung-cancer-surgery-requiring-subclavian-artery-reconstruction
#4
Yasuo Sekine, Yukio Saitoh, Mitsuru Yoshino, Eitetsu Koh, Atsushi Hata, Terunaga Inage, Hidemi Suzuki, Ichiro Yoshino
PURPOSES: To evaluate vertebral artery (VA) dominancy and the risk of brain infarction in T4 lung cancer patients with tumor invasion into the subclavian artery. METHODS: We reconstructed the subclavian artery in 10 patients with T4 non-small cell lung cancer. The histological stages were IIIA in eight patients and IIIB in two patients. We evaluated the VA dominancy by performing a four-vessel study preoperatively and investigated the relationship between the methods of VA treatment and postoperative brain complications, retrospectively...
August 2, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740770/versatility-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-free-flap-during-the-treatment-of-complex-postcraniotomy-surgical-site-infections
#5
Nobutaka Yoshioka
BACKGROUND: Some intractable cases of postcraniotomy infection, which can involve compromised skin, an open frontal air sinus, and residual epidural dead space, have been reported. In such cases, reconstructing the scalp and skull is challenging. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2016, the author treated 12 patients with recalcitrant postcraniotomy surgical site infections with latissimus dorsi (LD) free flaps. The patients' ages ranged from 37 to 79 years (mean, 63.5 years), and their underlying diseases included subarachnoid hemorrhaging (n = 5), brain tumors (n = 4), and cerebral arteriovenous malformations (n = 3)...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735437/prospective-and-retrospective-study-of-videoconference-telemedicine-follow-up-after-elective-neurosurgery-results-of-a-pilot-program
#6
Melissa Reider-Demer, Pushpa Raja, Neil Martin, Mariel Schwinger, Diana Babayan
Existing literature suggests that use of telemedicine during postoperative appointments can increase access to care and is valued by patients and providers alike. While research examining the clinical equivalency of telemedicine visits for postoperative care has been growing, few studies have reported on telemedicine follow-up after neurosurgery. This study examined if a videoconferencing visit could substitute for an in-person clinic visit for elective neurosurgical cases in the USA. This was a single-center prospective study of patients who underwent elective neurosurgical procedures (aneurysm clipping, resection of cavernous angiomas, resection of arterial venous malformation, microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm, and certain benign brain tumors) and were offered telemedicine follow-up care by an allied health professional during the first 90 days after neurosurgery...
July 22, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653784/massive-tumor-embolism-in-the-abdominal-aorta-from-pulmonary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Kenji Ohshima, Yuri Tsujii, Kazuya Sakai, Hiroshi Oku, Eiichi Morii
Acute arterial tumor embolism is a rare complication in cancer patients. Most of the previously reported cases of arterial tumor embolism have been associated with pulmonary malignancies and occurred during the intraoperative and postoperative periods. Very few cases occurred spontaneously. To our knowledge, there is no previous report of spontaneous and massive tumor embolism occluding the abdominal aorta in patients suffering from primary pulmonary carcinoma. We describe the case of 64-year-old man who presented with left homonymous hemianopsia and backache...
June 27, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640697/current-clinical-challenges-in-childhood-ependymoma-a-focused-review
#8
REVIEW
Thomas E Merchant
Ependymoma is a locally aggressive tumor with metastatic potential that arises in diverse locations throughout the brain and spine in children. Tumor and treatment may result in significant morbidity. Cure remains elusive for many patients owing to diverse biology and resistance to conventional therapy. The implementation of systematic postoperative irradiation in clinical trials during the past 20 years has increased the proportion of patients achieving durable disease control with excellent results, as measured by objective functional outcome measures...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634315/-a-case-of-metastatic-brain-tumor-complicated-by-multiple-repeated-hemorrhages
#9
Kentaro Hayashi, Yukishige Hayashi, Yoshitaka Matsuo, Kiyoshi Shirakawa, Makio Kaminogo
Metastatic brain tumor occasionally results in multiple cerebral hemorrhages. Here, we report a case of metastatic brain tumor complicated by multiple repeated cerebral hemorrhages. An 80-year-old man with a history of removal of lung cancer was admitted to our hospital because of disturbed consciousness following headache. A brain CT revealed a mass lesion of 40-mm diameter in the left cerebellum and a mass lesion of 2-mm diameter in the right temporal lobe. The cerebellar mass lesion showed homogeneous iso-density, indicating a subacute phase hemorrhage...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621631/comparative-analysis-of-monotherapy-versus-duotherapy-antiseizure-drug-management-for-postoperative-seizure-control-in-patients-undergoing-an-awake-craniotomy
#10
Chikezie I Eseonu, Francisco Eguia, Oscar Garcia, Peter W Kaplan, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa
OBJECTIVE Postoperative seizures are a common complication in patients undergoing an awake craniotomy, given the cortical manipulation during tumor resection and the electrical cortical stimulation for brain mapping. However, little evidence exists about the efficacy of postoperative seizure prophylaxis. This study aims to determine the most appropriate antiseizure drug (ASD) management regimen following an awake craniotomy. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective analysis of data pertaining to patients who underwent an awake craniotomy for brain tumor from 2007 to 2015 performed by a single surgeon...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532922/awake-craniotomy-anesthesia-a-comparison-of-the-monitored-anesthesia-care-and-asleep-awake-asleep-techniques
#11
Chikezie I Eseonu, Karim ReFaey, Oscar Garcia, Amballur John, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Punita Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Commonly used sedation techniques for an awake craniotomy include monitored anesthesia care (MAC), using an unprotected airway, and the asleep-awake-asleep (AAA) technique, using a partially or totally protected airway. We present a comparative analysis of the MAC and AAA techniques, evaluating anesthetic management, perioperative outcomes, and complications in a consecutive series of patients undergoing the removal of an eloquent brain lesion. METHODS: Eighty-one patients underwent awake craniotomy for an intracranial lesion over a 9-year period performed by a single-surgeon and a team of anesthesiologists...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463617/robot-assisted-procedures-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#12
Alessandro De Benedictis, Andrea Trezza, Andrea Carai, Elisabetta Genovese, Emidio Procaccini, Raffaella Messina, Franco Randi, Silvia Cossu, Giacomo Esposito, Paolo Palma, Paolina Amante, Michele Rizzi, Carlo Efisio Marras
OBJECTIVE During the last 3 decades, robotic technology has rapidly spread across several surgical fields due to the continuous evolution of its versatility, stability, dexterity, and haptic properties. Neurosurgery pioneered the development of robotics, with the aim of improving the quality of several procedures requiring a high degree of accuracy and safety. Moreover, robot-guided approaches are of special interest in pediatric patients, who often have altered anatomy and challenging relationships between the diseased and eloquent structures...
May 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403092/hyperammonemic-coma-after-craniotomy-hepatic-encephalopathy-from-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-or-valproate-side-effect-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Xiaopeng Guo, Junji Wei, Lu Gao, Bing Xing, Zhiqin Xu
RATIONALE: Postoperative coma is not uncommon in patients after craniotomy. It generally presents as mental state changes and is usually caused by intracranial hematoma, brain edema, or swelling. Hyperammonemia can also result in postoperative coma; however, it is rarely recognized as a potential cause in coma patients. Hyperammonemic coma is determined through a complicated differential diagnosis, and although it can also be induced as a side effect of valproate (VPA), this cause is frequently unrecognized or confused with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGH)-induced hepatic encephalopathy...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384595/clinical-outcomes-from-maximum-safe-resection-of-primary-and-metastatic-brain-tumors-using-awake-craniotomy
#14
Anastasia Groshev, Devang Padalia, Sephalie Patel, Rosemarie Garcia-Getting, Solmaz Sahebjam, Peter A Forsyth, Frank D Vrionis, Arnold B Etame
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze outcomes in patients undergoing awake craniotomies for tumor resection at our institution in terms of extent of resection, functional preservation and length of hospital stay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of adults undergoing awake-craniotomy from September 2012-February 2015 were retrospectively reviewed based on an IRB approved protocol. Information regarding patient age, sex, cancer type, procedure type, location, hospital stay, extent of resection, and postoperative complications was extracted...
June 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377246/awake-surgery-for-brain-vascular-malformations-and-moyamoya-disease
#15
Rami James N Aoun, Mithun G Sattur, Chandan Krishna, Amen Gupta, Matthew E Welz, Allan D Nanney, Antoun H Koht, Matthew C Tate, Katherine H Noe, Joseph I Sirven, Barrett J Anderies, Patrick B Bolton, Terry L Trentman, Richard S Zimmerman, Kristin R Swanson, Bernard R Bendok
OBJECTIVE: Although a significant amount of experience has accumulated for awake procedures for brain tumor, epilepsy, and carotid surgery, its utility for intracranial neurovascular indications remains largely undefined. Awake surgery for select neurovascular cases offers the advantage of precise brain mapping and robust neurologic monitoring during surgery for lesions in eloquent areas, avoidance of potential hemodynamic instability, and possible faster recovery. It also opens the window for perilesional epileptogenic tissue resection with potentially less risk for iatrogenic injury...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327947/factors-associated-with-pre-and-postoperative-seizures-in-1033-patients-undergoing-supratentorial-meningioma-resection
#16
William C Chen, Stephen T Magill, Dario J Englot, Joe D Baal, Sagar Wagle, Jonathan W Rick, Michael W McDermott
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pre- and postoperative seizures in supratentorial meningiomas are understudied compared to other brain tumors. OBJECTIVE: To report seizure frequency and identify factors associated with pre- and postoperative seizures in a large single-center population study of patients undergoing resection of supratentorial meningioma. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 1033 subjects undergoing resection of supratentorial meningioma at the author's institution (1991-2014)...
August 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327900/awake-craniotomy-vs-craniotomy-under-general-anesthesia-for-perirolandic-gliomas-evaluating-perioperative-complications-and-extent-of-resection
#17
Chikezie I Eseonu, Jordina Rincon-Torroella, Karim ReFaey, Young M Lee, Jasvinder Nangiana, Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa
BACKGROUND: A craniotomy with direct cortical/subcortical stimulation either awake or under general anesthesia (GA) present 2 approaches for removing eloquent region tumors. With a reported higher prevalence of intraoperative seizures occurring during awake resections of perirolandic lesions, oftentimes, surgery under GA is chosen for these lesions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a single-surgeon's experience with awake craniotomies (AC) vs surgery under GA for resecting perirolandic, eloquent, motor-region gliomas...
September 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319421/detection-of-subclinical-vitamin-k-deficiency-in-neurosurgery-with-pivka-ii
#18
Sofia Dahlberg, Caroline Ulfsdotter Nilsson, Thomas Kander, Ulf Schött
Vitamin K is known for supporting the carboxylation of hepatic coagulation proteins. Levels of proteins induced by vitamin K absence for factor II (PIVKA-II) reflect hypocarboxylated prothrombin and can be used to detect subclinical vitamin K deficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of perioperative subclinical vitamin K deficiency among neurosurgical patients using PIVKA-II and investigate the existence of any correlation to standard coagulation assays. Also, the antitumor effects of vitamin K were reviewed...
March 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293736/5ala-in-pediatric-brain-tumors-is-not-routinely-beneficial
#19
Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini
PURPOSE: Over recent years, 5-aminoluvolinic acid (5ALA) has been increasingly used for resection guidance in adult high-grade gliomas. However, amongst pediatric patients, publication of intraoperative fluorescence has been limited, with inconsistent outcomes. We describe our experience and intraoperative finding amongst children with various brain tumors that were given 5ALA prior to tumor resection. METHODS: Since October 2014, data regarding intraoperative findings amongst children that received 5ALA prior to tumor resection were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291428/the-durability-of-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-and-ventriculoperitoneal-shunts-in-children-with-hydrocephalus-following-posterior-fossa-tumor-resection-a-systematic-review-and-time-to-failure-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Michael C Dewan, Jaims Lim, Chevis N Shannon, John C Wellons
OBJECTIVE Up to one-third of patients with a posterior fossa brain tumor (PFBT) will experience persistent hydrocephalus mandating permanent CSF diversion. The optimal hydrocephalus treatment modality is unknown; the authors sought to compare the durability between endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) therapy in the pediatric population. METHODS The authors conducted a systematic review of articles indexed in PubMed between 1986 and 2016 describing ETV and/or VPS treatment success/failure and time-to-failure rate in patients < 19 years of age with hydrocephalus related to a PFBT...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
79449
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"