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Postoperative cerebral hematoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429778/hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-national-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-124-444-hospitalized-patients
#1
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394565/-mixed-type-liposarcoma-with-intra-abdominal-bleeding-report-of-a-case
#2
Yohei Miura, Jun Sakata, Takuya Ando, Daiki Soma, Kizuki Yuza, Yuki Hirose, Hirosuke Ishikawa, Kohei Miura, Kazuyasu Takizawa, Takashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Masayuki Nagahashi, Yoshifumi Shimada, Hitoshi Kameyama, Toshifumi Wakai
A 71-year-old man presented with sudden abdominal pain. He had past history of atrial fibrillation, cerebral infarction and heart-valve replacement and received anticoagulant therapy with warfarin. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed bloody ascites and a huge mass in contact with the third portion of the duodenum. The mass was encapsulated and consisted of a solid component with calcification and hematoma. Under the preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor with intra-abdominal bleeding, laparotomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354235/compare-the-intracranial-pressure-trend-after-the-decompressive-craniectomy-between-massive-intracerebral-hemorrhagic-and-major-ischemic-stroke-patients
#3
Joon Huh, Seo-Yeon Yang, Han-Yong Huh, Jae-Kun Ahn, Kwang-Wook Cho, Young-Woo Kim, Sung-Lim Kim, Jong-Tae Kim, Do-Sung Yoo, Hae-Kwan Park, Cheol Ji
Objective: Massive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and major infarction (MI) are devastating cerebral vascular diseases. Decompression craniectomy (DC) is a common treatment approach for these diseases and acceptable clinical results have been reported. Author experienced the postoperative intracranaial pressure (ICP) trend is somewhat different between the ICH and MI patients. In this study, we compare the ICP trend following DC and evaluate the clinical significance. Methods: One hundred forty-three patients who underwent DC following massive ICH (81 cases) or MI (62 cases) were analyzed retrospectively...
January 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346831/postoperative-reduction-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-volume-single-versus-dual-catheter-drainage
#4
Syed Shahzad Hussain, Asif Raza, Saman Shahid, Hafiz Hamza Asif, Usman Ahmad, Naveed Ashraf
BACKGROUND/AIMS:  The use of single/dual external ventricular drains (EVD) for reducing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is under investigation. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare postoperative reduction of IVH volume using single- and dual-catheter drainage in spontaneous IVH patients. We investigated factors that may influence an effective hematoma volume reduction by EVDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  The average cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage volumes were analyzed...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332920/aorto-cutaneous-fistula-after-surgical-treatment-of-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#5
Chenyu Zhao, Zhicheng Zhu, Xiaomei Zheng, Kexiang Liu
An aorto-cutaneous fistula is a rare complication that occurs after aortic surgery. Due to its rarity, postoperative complications are not normally highlighted in most standard teaching. We report here a case of aorto-cutaneous fistula after surgical treatment of a Stanford type A aortic dissection (AD) in a 67-year-old Chinese male. The patient presented with severe right heart dysfunction and a mass was found in the upper-middle of his chest, which started bleeding in the next years. On admission, preoperative aortic computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed a huge hematoma located in the anterior superior mediastinum and a shunt between the embedding cavity of the aortic root and right atrium...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331747/dural-based-cavernous-malformation-at-the-cerebral-convexity-report-of-two-pediatric-patients
#6
Guichen Li, Xuan Zhai, Yang Zhang, Ping Liang, Xuanxuan Wu, Kun Hou
BACKGROUND: Intracranial (cavernous malformations) CMs are usually located at the cerebral parenchyma, dural-based CMs outside the middle fossa are rarely reported. To our knowledge, dural-based CMs located at the cerebral convexity are even rarer that only two pediatric cases were ever reported. In this report, we present two extremely rare cases of dural-based CMs at the cerebral convexity in pediatric patients. The clinical course, radiological and pathological features, treatment, and follow-up are described...
January 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274600/evidence-of-intimal-tear-in-type-a-intramural-hematoma-of-the-aorta-a-case-series
#7
Gianfranco Filippone, Giovanni Caruana, Claudia Calia, Violetta Moscaritolo, Vincenzo Argano
INTRODUCTION: Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is described as "dissection without intimal tear" due to rupture of vasa vasorum, which results in bleeding within the tunica media in the absence of intimal disruption or blood flow communication. The aim of our study is to validate perioperative evidence of intimal entry tear in patients with IMH and to suggest that this entity may represent a part of a disease and not a separate disease. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We report two patients admitted to our institution with sudden onset thoracic pain...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201851/postoperative-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-multipunctate-intracerebral-hemorrhages-following-evacuation-of-bilateral-chronic-subdural-hematomas
#8
Won-Bae Seung, Ju Ho Jeong
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be easily treated by burr hole surgery. However, several complications including intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and acute subdural hematoma are rare after evacuation of a CSDH. A 77-year-old man was admitted with right hemiparesis and dysarthria. A brain computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a bilateral CSDH with midline shifting toward the right side. The patient got the burr hole trephination with the catheters insertion in the both sides of parietal area under the local anesthesia...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174871/resection-of-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-nho-of-the-hip
#9
REVIEW
P Denormandie, N de l'Escalopier, L Gatin, A Grelier, F Genêt
Neurogenic heterotopic ossification of the hip is secondary to neurologic lesions such as cranial trauma, stroke, medullary injury or cerebral anoxia. We shall not deal here with the other etiologies of heterotopic ossification. There are numerous locations within the hip, depending on etiology, and relations with adjacent neurovascular structures are sometimes close. Preoperative work-up should include contrast-enhanced CT; scintigraphy is non-contributive. Indications for surgery are decided in a multidisciplinary team meeting, with a contract laying out expected functional gain...
November 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172200/-outcome-of-coil-embolization-for-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-accompanied-with-intracerebral-hematoma
#10
Fumiaki Maruyama, Koreaki Irie, Ichiro Yuki, Jun Takei, Keisuke Hatano, Toshihide Tanaka, Yuzuru Hasegawa, Yuichi Murayama
OBJECT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH)associated with intracerebral hematoma(ICH)typically has a poor outcome. SAH with ICH tends to have a worse prognosis than SAH alone. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether coil embolization during endovascular surgery with ventricle drainage and without ICH evacuation is an appropriate treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted between March 2012 and May 2015. Thirteen patients with SAH with ICH who underwent coil embolization were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152466/a-less-invasive-strategy-for-ruptured-cerebral-aneurysms-with-intracerebral-hematomas-endovascular-coil-embolization-followed-by-stereotactic-aspiration-of-hematomas-using-urokinase
#11
Sang Heum Kim, Tae Gon Kim, Min Ho Kong
Objective: Aneurysm clipping and simultaneous hematoma evacuation through open craniotomy is traditionally recommended for ruptured cerebral aneurysms accompanied by intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages. We report our experience of adapting a less invasive treatment strategy in poor-grade patients with intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages associated with ruptured cerebral aneurysms, where the associated ruptured cerebral aneurysms were managed by endovascular coil embolization, followed by stereotactic aspiration of hematomas (SRH) using urokinase...
June 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123881/unexpected-complications-immediately-after-cranioplasty
#12
Akihito Kato, Hiroyuki Morishima, Goro Nagashima
Case: An 84-year-old man with subarachnoid hemorrhage underwent craniotomy and clipping with external decompression. Perfusion magnetic resonance imaging showed subclinical sinking skin flap syndrome, and he underwent cranioplasty on postoperative day 58. No problems occurred during the operation, but cerebral edema and hemorrhage were recognized on immediate postoperative computed tomography. Edema continued to progress, but edema and bleeding eventually improved without additional surgery...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095710/emergency-valve-replacement-under-minimal-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-a-patient-with-infective-endocarditis-and-large-brain-hematoma-a-case-report
#13
Gabor Kiss, Eric Braunberger
A 19-year-old man with mitral valve endocarditis and prolapse, intracerebral and intracerebellar hematoma, and a mycotic cerebral aneurysm underwent emergency mitral valve replacement during minimal cardiopulmonary bypass (total priming volume, 800 mL; autologous retropriming, activated clotting time <300 seconds) 1 day after undergoing endovascular coil embolization of the aneurysm. Postoperatively, there were no extensions of the intracerebral and intracerebellar hematoma. After intensive rehabilitation therapy, the patient recovered fully except for residual bilateral claudication because of preoperative bilateral embolism to both superficial femoral arteries...
November 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044453/burr-hole-craniostomy-irrigation-with-and-without-drainage-during-surgical-treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-retrospective-study-of-87-cases
#14
Wenming Wang, Hua Liu, Jian Yang
AIM: To evaluate the surgical treatment of a chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH). We compared two surgical treatments of CSDH: burr-hole craniostomy irrigation with and without drainage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with chronic subdural haematomas admitted to our hospital. A total of 87 patients underwent surgery: 57 were treated via burr-hole irrigation with postoperative drainage (Group BD) and 30 were treated via irrigation without drainage (Group BI)...
August 31, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959872/rational-use-of-systematic-postoperative-ct-scans-after-neurosurgical-craniotomy
#15
Sebastien Boissonneau, Emeline Tabouret, Thomas Graillon, Mikael Meyer, Lionel J Velly, Nadine Girard, Herve Brunel, Nicolas J Bruder, Stephane Fuentes, Henry Dufour
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relevance of a systematic postoperative CT scan after neurosurgical craniotomy and to identify predictive factors of complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis included all the patients at our institution who benefited from a cerebral postoperative CT scan within 24 hours post-craniotomy. Patient characteristics and neuroimaging abnormalities were recorded. Predictive factors were identified using a recursive partitioning analysis...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818254/medical-treatment-strategies-to-reduce-perioperative-morbidity-and-mortality-after-carotid-surgery
#16
REVIEW
A Ross Naylor
There is a paucity of high-quality evidence regarding what constitutes "optimal medical therapy" for the purposes of reducing morbidity/mortality after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). All patients should be prescribed antiplatelet therapy. Low-dose aspirin (75 to 325 mg) should be continued throughout the perioperative period and there is no evidence that higher doses confer additional benefit. There is emerging evidence that early implementation of dual antiplatelet therapy in recently symptomatic patients (aspirin 75 mg plus clopidogrel 75 mg) can reduce recurrent cerebral events before CEA and that dual antiplatelet therapy will significantly reduce stroke due to early postoperative carotid thrombosis...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801214/lobar-hemorrhage-induced-by-acquired-factor-xiii-deficiency-in-a-patient-with-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy
#17
Hidetaka Arishima, Hiroyuki Neishi, Ken-Ichiro Kikuta, Mihoko Morita, Naoko Hosono, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayoshi Souri, Akitada Ichinose
A 68-year-old man presented with intracranial hemorrhage in the right frontal lobe, which rapidly increased the day after admission. We performed hematoma removal with a biopsy of the cortex around the hematoma. The day after the operation, a subcutaneous hematoma over the craniotomy appeared, and the computed tomography showed a recurrent hemorrhage with an acute subdural hematoma. We were aware of a bleeding tendency, and a detailed hematologic examination by hematologists revealed autoimmune acquired factor XIII deficiency due to an antifactor XIII antibody...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758759/-autologous-cranioplasty-with-a-bone-flap-preserved-subcutaneously-in-the-mesogastrium
#18
M Hampl, L Hrabálek, M Vaverka, D Krahulík, V Novák, M Halaj, P Stejskal
INTRODUCTION: Cranioplasty with autologous bone flap is indicated in patients who have undergone decompressive craniectomy. Although it is an elective procedure, literature data indicate complication rates of up to 30%. The aim of this paper is to present our experience with cranioplasty with the patients own bone flap stored subcutaneously in the mesogastrium. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a set of 92 patients who had undergone cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy using autologous graft preserved subcutaneously in the mesogastrium...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757406/subdural-hemorrhage-from-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-related-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-risk-factor-for-postoperative-hemorrhage
#19
Lei Xia, Wen Min, Xianghe Lu, Chengde Wang, Zeping Jiang, Yu Zhang, Sheng Ye, Zhipeng Su, Weiming Zheng, Huiru Liu, Meihao Wang, Jianmin Li, Jinseng Wu, Qichuan Zhuge
OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment for cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-related intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is controversial. A subset of CAA-related ICH with associated subdural hemorrhage (SDH) has been reported. This study aimed to evaluate clinical results and surgical outcomes of this type of ICH with associated SDH. METHODS: Study participants included 98 patients with CAA-related ICH who met Boston criteria. Patients were divided into an SDH group and a control (no SDH) group...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745701/-early-reconstruction-of-brachiocephalic-arteries-as-a-prevention-of-recurrent-ischemic-stroke
#20
A I Khripun, A V Salikov, A D Pryamikov, A B Mironkov, S A Asratyan, M V Abashin, V P Mikhailenko
AIM: To assess an efficacy and safety of brachiocephalic arteries reconstruction at the acute stage of stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Early reconstruction of brachiocephalic arteries was made in 7 patients (mean age 67±9 years). Mean terms of brachiocephalic arteries reconstruction after stroke were 4.6 days (range 2-7 days). Pre- and postoperative neurological state was assessed by NIHSS score (mean preoperative score was 3.9±2.7 in these 7 patients, range 0-7)...
2017: Khirurgiia
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