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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328352/identification-isolation-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-and-type-c-from-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#1
Meng Li, Xu Zhang, Lingwei Zhu, Haifeng Wang, Na Zhao, Jing Luo, Chengmin Wang, Yutian Wang, Yanhua Liu, Wei Zhou, Bikai Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Hongxuan He
Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that can induces gas gangrene or enteritis in poultry and humans and many other mammalian species. Here, we report an outbreak of C. perfringens type A and type C coinfection in wild boars ( Sus scrofa ). In February 2016, 10 dead wild boars, including two fresh carcasses, were found in Zhaosu County, Xinjiang Province, People's Republic of China. The two fresh carcasses were included in this study. Two strains of C. perfringens were isolated, identified, genotyped, and phylogenetically analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326614/recombinant-expression-of-porcine-spermadhesin-awn-and-its-phospholipid-interaction-indication-for-a-novel-lipid-binding-property
#2
F Schröter, K Müller, P Müller, E Krause, B C Braun
AWN is a porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) seminal plasma protein and has been linked to a variety of processes related to fertilization. To acquire the protein in sufficient amount and purity for functional studies, we established its recombinant expression in E. coli and a three-step purification protocol based on different chromatographies. The test for AWN-phospholipid interaction revealed phosphatidic acid and cardiolipin as potential binding partners. As phosphatidic acid is surmised to play a role in cation-induced membrane destabilization and fusion events, we propose a membrane protective function of the presented binding affinity...
March 21, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321029/influenza-a-virus-infection-in-japanese-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-leucomystax
#3
Hiroshi Shimoda, Dung VAN Nguyen, Kenzo Yonemitsu, Shohei Minami, Nao Nagata, Nanami Hara, Ryusei Kuwata, Shin Murakami, Yuuji Kodera, Tsutomu Takeda, Yasuhiro Yoshikawa, Taisuke Horimoto, Ken Maeda
Serum samples were collected from 385 wild boars between 2010 and 2013 to examine the seroprevalence of influenza A virus (IAV) in Japan. Antibodies against IAV were identified using a commercial kit in 13 wild boars (3.4%). To identify the serotypes, positive sera were examined by virus-neutralization test using representative serotypes and strains. Three wild boars in Yamaguchi and four in Tochigi showed the highest antibody titers against the pandemic H1N1 2009 virus and classical swine H1N1 virus strains, respectively...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315564/clinical-risk-scores-predict-procedural-complications-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#4
László Hadadi, Razvan Constantin Şerban, Alina Scridon, Ioana Şuş, Éva Katalin Lakatos, Zoltán Demjén, Dan Dobreanu
OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of five risk score models containing clinical (PAMI-PMS, GRACE-GRS, and modified ACEF-ACEFm-scores), angiographic SYNTAX score (SXS) and combined Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) variables were evaluated for the incidence of three procedural complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI): iatrogenic coronary artery dissection, angiographically visible distal embolization and angiographic no-reflow phenomenon. METHODS: The mentioned scores and the incidence of procedural complications were retrospectively analyzed in 399 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent pPCI...
March 9, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302181/hospitals-admitting-at-least-100-patients-with-stroke-a-year-should-have-a-stroke-unit-a-case-study-from-australia
#5
Dominique A Cadilhac, Monique F Kilkenny, Nadine E Andrew, Elizabeth Ritchie, Kelvin Hill, Erin Lalor
BACKGROUND: Establishing a stroke unit (SU) in every hospital may be infeasible because of limited resources. In Australia, it is recommended that hospitals that admit ≥100 strokes per year should have a SU. We aimed to describe differences in processes of care and outcomes among hospitals with and without SUs admitting at least 100 patients/year. METHODS: National stroke audit data of 40 consecutive patients per hospital admitted between 1/7/2010-31/12/2010 and organizational survey for annual admissions were used...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301036/factors-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-in-women-with-cancer
#6
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim
Objectives: to analyze the factors associated with poor sleep quality, its characteristics and components in women with breast cancer prior to surgery for removing the tumor and throughout the follow-up. Method: longitudinal study in a teaching hospital, with a sample of 102 women. The following were used: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and clinical characterization, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the Beck Depression Inventory; and the Herth Hope Scale...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301030/cultural-adaptation-and-reliability-of-the-compliance-with-standard-precautions-scale-csps-for-nurses-in-brazil
#7
Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira, Simon Ching Lam, Elucir Gir
Objective: this study aimed to carry of the cultural adaptation and to evaluate the reliability of the Compliance with Standard Precautions Scale (CSPS) for nurses in Brazil. Method: the adaptation process entailed translation, consensus among judges, back-translation, semantic validation and pretest. The reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) and stability (test-retest). The instrument was administered to a sample group of 300 nurses who worked in a large hospital located in the city of São Paulo/SP, Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301006/pet-health-as-inducer-of-professional-education-to-unified-health-system
#8
Bárbara Cássia de Santana Farias-Santos, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
PET-Health is configured as a program developed by health courses guided by the principle Unified Health System (SUS), with the preceptorship of a professional from health public service. The aim of the research was to compare the performance between PET-Health undergraduate of Dentistry, Medical and Nursing courses by the results of National Student Performance Exam (ENADE) in 2010 with those who did not participate in the program. The study population consisted of 49,758 students, which 761 participated in PET-Health...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301002/brazilian-municipalities-and-their-own-expenditures-on-health-some-associations
#9
Carmem Emmanuely Leitão Araújo, Guilherme Quaresma Gonçalves, José Angelo Machado
In a context that combines decentralization and underfunding of public health policy, Brazilian municipalities expressively extend their spending in this sector, allocating a proportion of their own revenues (direct taxation added to the mandatory intergovernmental transfers from the Union and the states) at levels above the ones that are constitutionally determined. However, there have been incipient studies investigating the expenditure composition on health in these federative units, in order to describe its main characteristics and explanations...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#10
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300952/the-individual-with-epilepsy-perceptions-about-the-disease-and-implications-on-quality-of-life
#11
Christiane Del Claro Hopker, Ana Paula Berberian, Gisele Massi, Mariluci Hautsch Willig, Rita Tonocchi
Purpose: The present study aims to analyze the perceptions of individuals with epilepsy about the disease and its impact in their quality of life (QoL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, qualitative and quantitative study conducted in a tertiary referral hospital associated with the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). Data were collected from 30 individuals with diagnosis of refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (RTLE). The study participants responded to a questionnaire to collect sociodemographic and clinical data, as well as their perceptions about the disease...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300151/insights-into-early-pig-domestication-provided-by-ancient-dna-analysis
#12
Amke Caliebe, Almut Nebel, Cheryl Makarewicz, Michael Krawczak, Ben Krause-Kyora
Pigs (Sus scrofa) were first domesticated between 8,500 and 8,000 cal BC in the Near East, from where they were subsequently brought into Europe by agriculturalists. Soon after the arrival of the first domestic pigs in northern Europe (~4500 BC), farmers are thought to have started to incorporate local wild boars into their swine herds. This husbandry strategy ultimately resulted in the domestication of European wild boars. Here, we set out to provide a more precise geographic and temporal framework of the early management of suid populations in northern Europe, drawing upon mitochondrial DNA haplotype data from 116 Neolithic Sus specimens...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300026/effects-of-racecadotril-on-weight-loss-and-diarrhea-due-to-human-rotavirus-in-neonatal-gnotobiotic-pigs-sus-scrofa-domesticus
#13
Tammy Bui Guohua Li Inyoung Kim Ke Wen Erica L Twitchell Shaohua Lei Ashwin K Ramesh Mariah D Weiss Xingdong Yang Sherrie G Clark-Deener Robert Km Choy And Lijuan Yuan
Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children younger than 5 y, and the most common cause of acutewatery diarrhea in young children worldwide is rotaviral infection. Medicines to specifically reduce diarrhea would be a desirable adjunctive treatment to supportive fluid therapy to decrease the mortality rate of diarrheal diseases. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of an antisecretory drug, racecadotril, in treating human rotavirus (HRV)-induced diarrhea in a neonatal gnotobiotic pig model...
March 15, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294422/-post-mortem-examination-of-the-reproductive-organs-of-female-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-sweden
#14
Anna Malmsten, Gunnar Jansson, Anne-Marie Dalin
In recent decades, wild boars (Sus scrofa) have increased in numbers and distribution in Europe. Compared to other wild ungulates of similar body size, wild boars have a high reproductive capacity. To increase the knowledge of wild boar reproduction, the objective of this study was to investigate characteristics of reproductive organs, and to provide information on the occurrence of abnormalities in reproductive organs from free-ranging female wild boars. Between December 2011 and December 2015, reproductive organs from female wild boars (>30 kg body weight), were collected during hunting in four Swedish counties at estates where supplementary feeding was applied...
March 13, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293962/effects-of-different-iron-supply-to-pregnant-sows-sus-scrofa-domestica-l-on-reproductive-performance-as-well-as-iron-status-of-new-born-piglets
#15
Marzell Buffler, Christiane Becker, Wilhelm M Windisch
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of different iron (Fe) supply to sows during gestation on their reproductive performance and placental Fe load. Additionally, the Fe status of the corresponding offspring was assessed. Twenty multiparous sows were fed from insemination to farrowing with isoenergetic and isonitrogenic balanced diets differing in Fe content. The diet low in Fe (Group -Fe) was mainly composed of soybean meal and maize meal and had a Fe content of 114 mg/kg DM. For the diet high in Fe (Group +Fe), the diet was supplemented with Fe(II)SO4 · 7H2O to a total Fe content of 256 mg/kg...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287807/all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-following-treatment-with-metformin-or-glyburide-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mohammad Reza Raee, Arash Aghajani Nargesi, Behnam Heidari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehrdad Larry, Soghra Rabizadeh, Mitra Zarifkar, Alireza Esteghamati, Manouchehr Nakhjavani
BACKGROUND: Both metformin and sulfonylurea (SU) drugs are among the most widely-used anti-hyperglycemic medications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Previous studies have shown that treatment with SUs might be associated with decreased survival compared with metformin. This study aimed to evaluate all-cause and cardiovascular mortality rates between glyburide and metformin in patients diagnosed with T2DM. METHODS: This was a cohort study on 717 patients with T2DM (271 undergoing monotherapy with glyburide and 446 with metformin)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285512/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-wild-boars-wild-rabbits-and-wild-chickens-in-hubei-province-china
#17
Houqiang Luo, Kun Li, Muhammad Shahzad, Hui Zhang, Yanfang Lan, Xiong Xiong
Toxoplasma gondii causes serious infection worldwide in humans and animals. In this study, the seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis was investigated in wild boars (Sus scrofa) (n=377), wild rabbits (cape hare, Lapus capensis) (n=331), and wild chickens (red junglefwol, Gallus gallus) (n=571) in 4 forested and country sided area of Hubei province of China. For this, blood samples were collected and tested by indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The seroprevalence was found to be 7.2%, 5.1%, and 12.6% in wild boars, rabbits, and chickens, respectively, with significant differences among these species...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283072/presence-of-ail-and-ystb-genes-in-yersinia-enterocolitica-biotype-1a-isolates-from-game-animals-in-poland
#18
A Platt-Samoraj, K Syczyło, A Szczerba-Turek, A Bancerz-Kisiel, A Jabłoński, S Łabuć, J Pajdak, N Oshakbaeva, W Szweda
The pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica is associated with the presence of plasmid and chromosomal virulence genes. Strains belonging to biotype 1A do not possess pYV plasmids, often harbour the ystB gene and usually lack the ail gene, which is the main virulence marker for Y. enterocolitica. The simultaneous presence of ail and ystB is uncommon. In this study, 21/218 (9.6%) biotype 1A Y. enterocolitica isolates from rectal swabs of wild boar (Sus scrofa; n = 18), red deer (Cervus elaphus; n = 2) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus; n = 1) in Poland harboured both ail and ystB genes...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279949/usability-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-comprehensive-hiv-prevention-app-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-pilot-study
#19
Patrick S Sullivan, Robert Driggers, Joanne D Stekler, Aaron Siegler, Tamar Goldenberg, Sarah J McDougal, Jason Caucutt, Jeb Jones, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are the group most impacted by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the only subgroup in the United States among which new HIV diagnoses are not decreasing. To achieve the US National HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Strategy goals of reducing new diagnoses by 25%, high (eg, 30-50%) coverage of multiple HIV prevention interventions is needed in both urban and rural areas. Mobile phone "apps" are an important channel through which prevention services could be provided at scale and at low marginal cost...
March 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278352/mobile-phone-based-interactive-voice-response-as-a-tool-for-improving-access-to-healthcare-in-remote-areas-in-ghana-an-evaluation-of-user-experiences
#20
J Brinkel, J May, R Krumkamp, M Lamshöft, B Kreuels, E Owusu-Dabo, A Mohammed, A Bonacic Marinovic, P Dako-Gyeke, A Krämer, J N Fobil
OBJECTIVES: To investigate and determine the factors that enhanced or constituted barriers to the acceptance of an mHealth system which was piloted in Asante-Akim North District of Ghana to support healthcare of children. METHODS: Four semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 37 mothers. Participants were selected from a study population of mothers who subscribed to a pilot mHealth system which used an interactive voice response for its operations...
March 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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