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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786520/impact-of-piglet-oral-vaccination-against-tuberculosis-in-endemic-free-ranging-wild-boar-populations
#1
Iratxe Díez-Delgado, Iker A Sevilla, Beatriz Romero, Eleanor Tanner, Jose A Barasona, Andrew R White, Peter W W Lurz, Mike Boots, José de la Fuente, Lucas Dominguez, Joaquin Vicente, Joseba M Garrido, Ramón A Juste, Alicia Aranaz, Christian Gortazar
The Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the main wild reservoir of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Mediterranean woodlands and a key risk factor for cattle tuberculosis (TB) breakdowns. Wild boar vaccination therefore has the potential to be a valuable tool for TB control. We tested two orally delivered vaccines, heat-inactivated Mycobacterium bovis (IV) and BCG, in four sites (two per vaccine type: one Managed and one Natural or unmanaged) during four years. TB was also monitored in 15 unvaccinated sites (spatial control), as well as in all sites from one year prior to intervention (temporal control)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785635/self-monitoring-physical-activity-with-a-smartphone-application-in-cancer-patients-a-randomized-feasibility-study-smart-trial
#2
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
May 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774831/urban-wild-boars-and-risk-for-zoonotic-streptococcus-suis-spain
#3
Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Marcelo Gottschalk, Virginia Aragon, Jordi Càmara, Carmen Ardanuy, Roser Velarde, Nuria Galofré-Milà, Raquel Castillo-Contreras, Jorge R López-Olvera, Gregorio Mentaberre, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Santiago Lavín, Oscar Cabezón
Urban wild boars (Sus scrofa) from Barcelona, Spain, harbor great diversity of Streptococcus suis strains, including strains with the cps2 gene and with the same molecular profile as local human cases. The increasing trend of potential effective contacts for S. suis transmission is of public health concern.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773135/discrimination-molecular-characterisation-and-phylogenetic-comparison-of-porcine-eimeria-spp-in-india
#4
Devina Sharma, Nirbhay K Singh, Harkirat Singh, Anja Joachim, Shitanshu S Rath, Damer P Blake
Infections with Eimeria spp. are common in pigs worldwide, occasionally affecting animals clinically after weaning or during the fattening period when diarrhoea and weight loss can be observed upon infection with the more pathogenic species. Molecular characterization of pathogens is valuable to accurately delimit species and development novel diagnostics, although sequences which define Eimeria species that infect pigs are scarce. Only three of the eight common species are currently represented in GenBank...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768599/pronouncements-on-humanization-professionals-and-users-in-a-complex-health-institution
#5
Laura Ribeiro Ferreira, Elizabeth Artmann
This paper presents the pronouncements on humanization of professionals and users of a health care and research institution. Interviews were conducted with 16 professionals and 44 users. The analytical method employed was the Discourse of the Collective Subject, the results of which were discussed based on the theoretical framework presented, which includes the Theory of communicative action of Habermas and recognized authors in the public health area. The findings point to the importance of the set of hard, light-hard and light technologies for humanized practice...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768594/-health-needs-of-the-rural-population-in-environmental-conflict-due-to-the-installation-of-irrigated-perimeters
#6
Andrezza Graziella Veríssimo Pontes, Raquel Maria Rigotto, Jennifer Vale Silva
The transformations in the Brazilian agricultural scenario have reconfigured lifestyles in the countryside, with repercussions on the health of the rural population. The scope of this paper is to analyze health needs of farmers, identified by a collective of university actors, the Unified Health System and social movements. It is action-research, with a group comprised of community health workers, workers in a Reference Center in Occupational Health, a university professor and representatives of social movements...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766507/abscisic-acid-prevents-pollen-abortion-under-high-temperature-stress-by-mediating-sugar-metabolism-in-rice-spikelets
#7
Md Rezaul Islam, Baohua Feng, Tingting Chen, Weimeng Fu, Caixia Zhang, Longxing Tao, Guanfu Fu
Heat stress at the pollen mother cell (PMC) meiotic stage leads to pollen sterility in rice, in which the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and sugar homeostasis are always adversely affected. This damage is reversed by abscisic acid (ABA), but the mechanisms underlying the interactions among the ABA, sugar metabolism, ROS and heat shock proteins (HSPs) in rice spikelets under heat stress are unclear. Two rice genotypes, Zhefu802 (a recurrent parent) and fgl (its near-isogenic line) were subjected to heat stress of 40°C after pre-foliage sprayed with ABA and its biosynthetic inhibitor fluridone at the meiotic stage of PMC...
May 16, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765619/contrasting-ecological-roles-of-non-native-ungulates-in-a-novel-ecosystem
#8
Ann Marie Gawel, Haldre S Rogers, Ross H Miller, Alexander M Kerr
Conservation has long focused on preserving or restoring pristine ecosystems. However, understanding and managing novel ecosystems has grown in importance as they outnumber pristine ecosystems worldwide. While non-native species may be neutral or detrimental in pristine ecosystems, it is possible that even notorious invaders could play beneficial or mixed roles in novel ecosystems. We examined the effects of two long-established non-native species-Philippine deer ( Rusa marianna ) and feral pigs ( Sus scrofa )-in Guam, Micronesia, where native vertebrate frugivores are functionally absent leaving forests devoid of seed dispersers...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763733/in-depth-profiling-of-mirna-regulation-in-the-body-wall-of-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-during-skin-ulceration-syndrome-progression
#9
Hongjuan Sun, Zunchun Zhou, Ying Dong, Aifu Yang, Yongjia Pan, Jingwei Jiang, Zhong Chen, Xiaoyan Guan, Bai Wang, Shan Gao, Bei Jiang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that mediate mRNA degradation or translation repression. Previous study showed that the expression of miRNAs was significantly changed in the body wall of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus after skin ulceration syndrome (SUS) infection, which is a dynamic process. However, the critical miRNAs from body wall that involved in different infection stages of SUS remain unknown. In this study, four cDNA libraries were constructed with the body wall from healthy and three SUS-infected stages of A...
May 12, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758093/effects-of-human-electro-muscular-incapacitation-hemi-devices-on-cardiovascular-changes-in-anesthetized-swine-as-measured-by-transesophageal-echocardiography-tee
#10
Jacob R Werner, W Bosseau Murray, Mary J Kennett, David M Jenkins, Edward Liszka, Edward L Hughes
The abundance of, and reliance upon, human electro-muscular incapacitation (HEMI) devices, especially in law enforcement, has generated scrutiny and examination of these technologies. The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular effects resulting from typical (5 sec) and longer activation (20 sec) HEMI applications studying myocardial function and peripheral vascular system using a combination of invasive cardiovascular catheters and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Six healthy swine (Sus scrofa) 3-5 months in age and weighing between 60 and 86 kg were anesthetized and exposed to the TASER Model X26 waveform while transesophageal echocardiography was performed...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753319/biotransformation-of-steroids-by-entomopathogenic-strains-of-isaria-farinosa
#11
Ewa Kozłowska, Natalia Hoc, Jordan Sycz, Monika Urbaniak, Monika Dymarska, Jakub Grzeszczuk, Edyta Kostrzewa-Susłow, Łukasz Stępień, Elżbieta Pląskowska, Tomasz Janeczko
BACKGROUND: Steroid compounds are very interesting substrates for biotransformation due to their high biological activity and a high number of inactivated carbons which make chemical modification difficult. Microbial transformation can involve reactions which are complicated and uneconomical in chemical synthesis, and searching for a new effective biocatalyst is necessary. The best known entomopathogenic species used in steroid modification is Beauveria bassiana. In this study we tested the ability of Isaria farinosa, another entomopathogenic species, to transform several steroids...
May 12, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753088/prognostic-significance-of-g6pd-expression-and-localization-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#12
Ryo Nagashio, Shota Oikawa, Kengo Yanagita, Daisuke Hagiuda, Yuki Kuchitsu, Satoshi Igawa, Katsuhiko Naoki, Yukitoshi Satoh, Masaaki Ichinoe, Yoshiki Murakumo, Makoto Saegusa, Yuichi Sato
Abnormal expressions of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are correlated with increased tumor progression, an advanced histologic grade, and metastasis. LCN1 cells derived from a pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma were grown to form an Aegagropila-shaped conglomeration on a suspension culture dish (LCN1-sus). In contrast, LCN1 cells cultured in a type I collagen dish were adherent and tended to grow as spindle-shaped individual cells (LCN1-co). In this study, aiming at the discovery of predictive markers for tumor invasion, we performed protein profiling between LCN1-sus and LCN1-co cells using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis...
May 9, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752117/antifertility-effectiveness-of-a-novel-copper-containing-intrauterine-device-material-and-its-influence-on-the-endometrial-environment-in-rats
#13
Shifu Hu, Yingying Wang, Dandan Ke, Fang Zhou, Guiping Cheng, Wei Xia, Changhong Zhu
This study was designed to investigate the antifertility effectiveness of a novel copper-containing intrauterine device material containing a composite of micro-copper (Cu), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), and methyl vinyl silicone rubber (MVQ) and its effects on the endometrial environment in rats. The contraceptive effectiveness was examined 12 days after pregnancy. The pathological changes; factors associated with bleeding, pain, and inflammation in the endometrium; and the surface condition of the implants were investigated after insertion for 90 days...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750885/severe-acute-heart-failure-experimental-model-with-very-low-mortality
#14
S Lacko, M Mlček, P Hála, M Popková, D Janák, M Hrachovina, J Kudlička, V Hrachovina, P Ošťádal, O Kittnar
The growth in the experimental research of facilities to support extracorporeal circulation requires the further development of models of acute heart failure that can be well controlled and reproduced. Two types of acute heart failure were examined in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica): a hypoxic model (n = 5) with continuous perfusion of the left coronary artery by hypoxic deoxygenated blood and ischemic model (n = 9) with proximal closure of the left coronary artery and controlled hypoperfusion behind the closure...
May 10, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748713/occurrence-of-selected-zoonotic-food-borne-parasites-and-first-molecular-identification-of-alaria-alata-in-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-italy
#15
Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Luca Villa, Katharina Riehn, Ahmad Hamedy, Stefano Minazzi, Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Maria Teresa Manfredi
Wild boar is a source of human infections with zoonotic pathogens, including food-borne parasites. With the aim of a characterization of the human exposure risk, a survey on wild boars intended for human consumption was planned, selecting three pathogens, Toxoplasma gondii, Alaria alata, and Trichinella spp., as markers of meat infection. Diaphragm muscle samples from 100 wild boars hunted in Piedmont region (Northern Italy) in two hunting seasons (2015-2016) were collected. Concerning T. gondii, a combined approach of antibody detection and molecular techniques with genotyping was performed...
May 11, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745365/the-golden-jackal-canis-aureus-as-an-indicator-animal-for-trichinella-britovi-in-iran
#16
Aliakbar Shamsian, Edoardo Pozio, Abdolmajid Fata, Zahra Navi, Elham Moghaddas
Nematodes of the genus Trichinella are zoonotic parasites causing trichinellosis. In Iran, these parasites occur in several animal species and rare cases have been recorded in humans. To monitor the epidemiological pattern of these parasites in the Khorasan-e-Razavi province, Northeastern Iran, muscle tissues were collected from the tongues of roadkill animals between 2016 and 2017: 295 stray dogs, one red fox (Vulpes vulpes), 12 golden jackals (Canis aureus), and one wild boar (Sus scrofa). Trichinella spp...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743261/initiation-of-follicular-atresia-gene-networks-during-early-atresia-in-pig-ovaries
#17
Jinbi Zhang, Yang Liu, Wang Yao, Qifa Li, Hong-Lin Liu, Zengxiang Pan
In mammals, more than 99% of ovarian follicles undergo a degenerative process known as atresia. The molecular events involve in atresia initiation remain incompletely understood. The objective of this study was to analyze differential gene expression profiles of medium antral ovarian follicles during early atresia in pig. The transcriptome evaluation was performed on cDNA microarrays using healthy and early atretic follicle samples and was validated by quantitative PCR. Annotation analysis applying current database (sus scrofa 11...
May 9, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742237/vaccination-coverage-and-use-of-the-brazilian-health-system-for-vaccination-against-influenza-and-pneumonia-in-adults-and-elderly-with-self-reported-diabetes-municipality-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-2003-2008-and-2015
#18
Camila Nascimento Monteiro, Reinaldo José Gianini, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Neuber José Segri, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Moisés Goldbaum
OBJECTIVE: to estimate the vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia and to analyze the utilization of Brazilian National Health System-SUS for vaccination in adults and elderly with self-reported diabetes in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2015. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies with data from the ISA-Capital (population-based household surveys). RESULTS: 3,357, 3,271 and 4,043 were interviewed in 2003, 2008 and 2015; the prevalence of diabetes mellitus were 5...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742236/attendance-of-children-and-adolescents-with-psychoactive-substance-use-disorders-performed-by-psychosocial-care-centers-in-brazil-2008-2012
#19
Déborah Santos Conceição, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli, Monique Azevedo Esperidião, Darci Neves Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of care for children and adolescents withpsychoactive substance use disorders performed by the Brazilian Psychosocial Care Centers (Centros de Atenção Psicossocial - CAPS) from 2008 to 2012. METHODS: a descriptive study with data from the SUS Outpatient Information System (Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais do Sistema Único de Saúde - SIA/SUS) and the system of National Registration of Health Establishments (Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde - CNES)...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742235/deaths-and-serious-injuries-due-to-traffic-accidents-in-goi%C3%A3-nia-brazil-2013-the-magnitude-and-associated-factors
#20
Polyana Maria Pimenta Mandacarú, Ionara Vieira Moura Rabelo, Maria Aparecida Alves da Silva, Gabriela Camargo Tobias, Otaliba Libânio de Morais Neto
OBJECTIVE: to identify the magnitude and factors associated with death and serious injuries among victims of traffic accidents in the urban area of Goiânia, Brazil. METHODS: cross-sectional study with linkage between records of the Mortality Information System (SIM) Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS) and occurrences of traffic accidents, from January to June 2013; Poisson regression was used. RESULTS: among 9,795 identified victims, there were 155 deaths and 1,225 serious injuries; cyclists (Incidence ratio [IR]=2...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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