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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920798/urolithiasis-in-a-group-of-visayan-warty-pigs-sus-cebifrons-negrinus
#1
James Chatterton, Steve Unwin, Javier Lopez, Julian Chantrey
Four cases of obstructive urolithiasis occurred in male Visayan warty pigs (Sus cebifrons negrinus) during a 12-mo period. One animal died, two were euthanized, and one was treated successfully with a tube cystotomy procedure and a subsequent urinary acidification diet. Uroliths from two cases of urethral obstruction were analyzed and confirmed as calcium carbonate. A fifth nonobstructive case was suspected in an adult female in which calcium carbonate crystalluria was diagnosed, and that case was resolved with medical management...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914803/achieving-congestion-mitigation-using-distributed-power-control-for-spectrum-sensor-nodes-in-sensor-network-aided-cognitive-radio-ad-hoc-networks
#2
Long Zhang, Haitao Xu, Fan Zhuo, Hucai Duan
The data sequence of spectrum sensing results injected from dedicated spectrum sensor nodes (SSNs) and the data traffic from upstream secondary users (SUs) lead to unpredictable data loads in a sensor network-aided cognitive radio ad hoc network (SN-CRN). As a result, network congestion may occur at a SU acting as fusion center when the offered data load exceeds its available capacity, which degrades network performance. In this paper, we present an effective approach to mitigate congestion of bottlenecked SUs via a proposed distributed power control framework for SSNs over a rectangular grid based SN-CRN, aiming to balance resource load and avoid excessive congestion...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912089/vocal-correlates-of-emotional-reactivity-within-and-across-contexts-in-domestic-pigs-sus-scrofa
#3
Lisette M C Leliveld, Sandra Düpjan, Armin Tuchscherer, Birger Puppe
Vocalizations have long been recognized to encode information about an individual's emotional state and, as such, have contributed to the study of emotions in animals. However, the potential of vocalizations to also encode information about an individual's emotional reactivity has received much less attention. In this study, we aimed to test whether the vocalizations of domestic pigs contain correlates of emotional reactivity that are consistent between different contexts. We recorded vocalizations of 120 young female pigs in an experimental arena in two consecutive recording contexts, social isolation and an encounter with a familiar human...
September 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910162/patient-engagement-is-related-to-impairment-reduction-during-digital-game-based-therapy-in-stroke
#4
David Putrino, Helma Zanders, Taya Hamilton, Avrielle Rykman, Peter Lee, Dylan J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Upper limb impairment in the chronic phase of stroke recovery is persistent, disabling, and difficult to treat. The objectives of this study were to determine whether therapeutic enjoyment is related to clinical improvement after upper limb rehabilitation and to assess the feasibility of a therapy gaming system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten chronic stroke survivors with persistent upper limb impairment were enrolled in the study. Upper limb impairment was evaluated by using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Upper Extremity Function (FMA-UE)...
September 14, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905212/hub-and-spoke-stroke-network-in-the-veneto-region-a-retrospective-study-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-the-stroke-pathway-and-trends-over-time
#5
L Nardetto, B Giometto, G Moretto, D Mantoan, M Saia
After recognizing the pivotal role played by stroke unit (SU) admission in reducing mortality and dependency in stroke patients, the need to organize and monitor stroke networks has become an increasingly essential aspect of stroke care. We conducted a retrospective study of stroke patients admitted to hospitals in the Veneto region from 2007 to 2015 in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the stroke pathway and trends over time. Between 2007 and 2015, 61,062 stroke patients were discharged from Veneto hospitals: they were more frequently female, females were older than males, and had higher intrahospital mortality and a lower probability of undergoing systemic thrombolysis...
September 13, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903352/analysis-of-bos-taurus-and-sus-scrofa-x-and-y-chromosome-transcriptome-highlights-reproductive-driver-genes
#6
Faheem Ahmed Khan, Hui Liu, Hao Zhou, Kai Wang, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar, Nuruliarizki Shinta Pandupuspitasari, Zhang Shujun
The biology of sperm, its capability of fertilizing an egg and its role in sex ratio are the major biological questions in reproductive biology. To answer these question we integrated X and Y chromosome transcriptome across different species: Bos taurus and Sus scrofa and identified reproductive driver genes based on Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) algorithm. Our strategy resulted in 11007 and 10445 unique genes consisting of 9 and 11 reproductive modules in Bos taurus and Sus scrofa, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902465/a-modified-reporting-approach-for-thyroid-fna-in-the-niftp-era-a-1-year-institutional-experience
#7
Jeffrey K Mito, Erik K Alexander, Trevor E Angell, Justine A Barletta, Matthew A Nehs, Edmund S Cibas, Jeffrey F Krane
BACKGROUND: The reclassification of noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma as noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) has created diagnostic and management issues for thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA). In response to these challenges, the authors' laboratory adopted a NIFTP policy including 1) stringent criteria (requiring pseudo-inclusions, papillae, and/or psammoma bodies) for a malignant diagnosis of papillary carcinoma to limit false-positive results due to NIFTP and 2) the use of explanatory notes in cases with cytomorphologic features suggestive of possible NIFTP to encourage lobectomy over thyroidectomy...
September 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899413/evolution-and-genome-specialization-of-brucella-suis-biovar-2-iberian-lineages
#8
Ana Cristina Ferreira, Rogério Tenreiro, Maria Inácia Corrêa de Sá, Ricardo Dias
BACKGROUND: Swine brucellosis caused by B. suis biovar 2 is an emergent disease in domestic pigs in Europe. The emergence of this pathogen has been linked to the increase of extensive pig farms and the high density of infected wild boars (Sus scrofa). In Portugal and Spain, the majority of strains share specific molecular characteristics, which allowed establishing an Iberian clonal lineage. However, several strains isolated from wild boars in the North-East region of Spain are similar to strains isolated in different Central European countries...
September 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898688/improving-non-technical-skills-teamwork-in-post-partum-haemorrhage-a-grouped-randomised-trial
#9
Pippa M Letchworth, Shane P Duffy, Dan Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a decision support technology on teamwork and associated non-technical (NTS) and technical skills when teams manage post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) in the simulated environment. METHODS: Multidisciplinary (MDT) maternity teams were taught how to manage post partum haemorrhage. They were randomised to the intervention: using a decision support mobile digital platform or a control group. Each team managed a post-partum simulation, which was recorded and reviewed by assessors...
August 26, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895366/-purification-identification-and-characterization-of-an-anti-microbial-hexapeptide-from-sus-scrofa-lysozyme
#10
Dewei Zhu, Guolin Cai, Jian Lu
Sus scrofa lysozyme (SSL) was digested by different proteases to find peptides with enhanced antibacterial activity against gram-negative bacteria. Hydrolysate with the highest anti-bacterial activity was loaded onto a gel filtration chromatography column followed by a reversed-phase one. The obtained substance was identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, synthesized to test its antibacterial spectrum and analyzed for bioinformatics. The hydrolysate of trypsin showed the highest antibacterial activity...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892590/surgeon-performed-thyroid-ultrasound-proving-utility-and-credibility-in-selecting-patients-for-fine-needle-aspiration-according-to-the-american-thyroid-association-guidelines-a-retrospective-study-of-500-patients
#11
Oded Cohen, Tom Raz Yarkoni, Yonatan Lahav, Offer Azoulay, Doron Halperin, Moshe Yehuda
DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Single academic center. PARTICIPANTS: The data of all patients who underwent surgeon performed ultrasound (SUS(between 7/2009 and 9/2012 was retrospectively reviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A correlation between sonographic features and a non-benign cytology\malignant pathology. RESULTS: Four hundred ninety eight nodules were included. Solid texture, irregular margins, hypoechogenicity and intranodular vascularity were significantly associated with malignancy when benign to non-benign cytology was compared, and when compared to malignant pathology...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892277/ungulates-increase-forest-plant-species-richness-to-the-benefit-of-non-forest-specialists
#12
Vincent Boulanger, Jean-Luc Dupouey, Frédéric Archaux, Vincent Badeau, Christophe Baltzinger, Richard Chevalier, Emmanuel Corcket, Yann Dumas, Françoise Forgeard, Anders Mårell, Pierre Montpied, Yoan Paillet, Jean-François Picard, Sonia Saïd, Erwin Ulrich
Large wild ungulates are a major biotic factor shaping plant communities. They influence species abundance and occurrence directly by herbivory and plant dispersal, or indirectly by modifying plant-plant interactions and through soil disturbance. In forest ecosystems, researchers' attention has been mainly focused on deer overabundance. Far less is known about the effects on understory plant dynamics and diversity of wild ungulates where their abundance is maintained at lower levels to mitigate impacts on tree regeneration...
September 11, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891949/isaria-fumosorosea-kch-j2-entomopathogenic-strain-as-an-effective-biocatalyst-for-steroid-compound-transformations
#13
Ewa Kozłowska, Monika Dymarska, Edyta Kostrzewa-Susłow, Tomasz Janeczko
The catalytic activity of enzymes produced by an entomopathogenic filamentous fungus (Isaria fumosorosea KCh J2) towards selected steroid compounds (androstenedione, adrenosterone, progesterone, 17α-methyltestosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone) was investigated. All tested substrates were efficiently transformed. The structure of the substrate has a crucial impact on regio- and stereoselectivity of hydroxylation since it affects binding to the active site of the enzyme. Androstenedione was hydroxylated in the 7α-position to give a key intermediate in the synthesis of the diuretic-7α-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione with 82% conversion...
September 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884111/rotator-cuff-repair-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-brazilian-trends-from-2003-to-2015
#14
Eduardo Angeli Malavolta, Jorge Henrique Assunção, Rodrigo Alves Beraldo, Gustavo de Mello Ribeiro Pinto, Mauro Emilio Conforto Gracitelli, Arnaldo Amado Ferreira Neto
OBJECTIVE: To assess the historical trend of rotator cuff repairs in Brazil between 2003 and 2015, using the database of the Brazilian Unified Health System's (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) Department of Informatics (DataSUS). METHODS: Historical series using DataSUS. Surgeries performed between 2003 and 2015 were included and data relating to cuff tear repair were assessed, including decompression procedures were included. The numerator was the total number of rotator cuff repair and the denominator, the total population of the assessed locality...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883202/evaluation-of-an-interactive-visualization-tool-for-the-interpretation-of-pediatric-laboratory-test-results
#15
Johannes Hirschmann, Brita Sedlmayr, Jakob Zierk, Manfred Rauh, Markus Metzler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Dennis Toddenroth
The physiological age-related development of pediatric laboratory results interferes with pathological derangements, which can complicate the interpretation of test results. Recently proposed continuous reference intervals (RIs) promise to be beneficial, although their clinical use may depend on graphical presentations. To estimate the clinical utility of continuous RIs, we developed and evaluated an interactive visualization tool, and examined the differentiation of hemoglobinopathies that is attainable based on the underlying innovative RI model...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873790/measuring-at-usability-with-the-modified-system-usability-scale-sus
#16
Emma L Friesen
The modified System Usability Scale (SUS) is a widely used generic measure of product usability. This study concerns the usability of mobile shower commodes using correlations between the SUS and AT device-specific measures. Results suggest the modified SUS, and corresponding adjective-anchored rating scale, are appropriate for measuring MSC usability, and have potential for use with other AT devices.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867593/brucella-suis-biovar-2-multi-locus-sequence-type-st16-in-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-from-abruzzi-region-italy-introduction-from-central-eastern-europe
#17
D Di Sabatino, G Garofolo, A Di Provvido, K Zilli, G Foschi, E Di Giannatale, M Ciuffetelli, F De Massis
Porcine brucellosis occurs in many countries where pigs are farmed, often representing an underrated problem. B. suis biovar 2 is the most common isolate in Europe, with high prevalence reported in wild boars in which it is generally isolated in the absence of gross lesions. In the last five years, we tested for Brucella spp. 389 lymph nodes of wild boars collected during hunting seasons or during necropsy procedures. In this paper, we describe the first case of isolation of B. suis biovar 2 from a wild boar aborted foetus, and we analyse the genomic relationships with B...
September 1, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864058/barriers-to-insulin-initiation-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-brazil
#18
Freddy G Eliaschewitz, Mauricio A de Paula, Hermelinda C Pedrosa, Antônio Carlos Pires, João Eduardo N Salles, Marcos Antônio Tambascia, Luiz Alberto A Turatti
AIMS: We aimed to explore insulin initiation barriers in the Brazilian Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) elderly population, according to the physician's perspective, and suggest strategies to overcome them. METHODS: A 45-questions survey addressing issues as clinical characteristics, barriers to insulinization, and treatment strategies in elderly patients with T2DM, was sent to six endocrinologists from different Brazilian locations. Thereafter, all the respondents participated in a panel discussion to validate their responses and collect additional relevant data...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861055/genomic-characteristics-of-bifidobacterium-thermacidophilum-pig-isolates-and-wild-boar-isolates-reveal-the-unique-presence-of-a-putative-mobile-genetic-element-with-tetw-for-pig-farm-isolates
#19
Sayaka Tsuchida, Fumito Maruyama, Yoshitoshi Ogura, Atsushi Toyoda, Tetsuya Hayashi, Moriya Okuma, Kazunari Ushida
Genomic analysis was performed on seven strains of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum, a Sus-associated Bifidobacterium. Three strains from the feces of domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) and four strains from the rectal feces of free-range Japanese wild boars (S. s. scrofa) were compared. The phylogenetic position of these isolates suggested by genomic analyses were not concordant with that suggested by 16S rRNA sequence. There was biased distribution of genes for virulence, phage, metabolism of aromatic compounds, iron acquisition, cell division, and DNA metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856595/determination-of-ochratoxin-a-in-tissues-of-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-l-by-enzymatic-digestion-ed-coupled-to-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-a-fluorescence-detector-hplc-fld
#20
Giacomo Luci, Luigi Intorre, Guido Ferruzzi, Danilo Mani, Lorella Giuliotti, Carlo Pretti, Rosalba Tognetti, Simone Bertini, Valentina Meucci
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a secondary toxic metabolite synthesized by Aspergillus or Penicillium species, which can contaminate various crops. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified OTA as a group 2B possible human carcinogen. The aim of the present study was to assess OTA concentrations in tissues of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) from Tuscany (Italy). Over a period of 2 years, samples of muscle, liver, and kidney from 48 wild boars were collected and concentrations of OTA were determined by enzymatic digestion (ED) coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography with a fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD)...
August 30, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
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