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Morad Chughtai, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Anil Bhave, Michael C Kolczun, Michael A Mont
This study evaluated the use of telerehabilitation during the postoperative period for patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Specifically, this study evaluated the following: (1) patient compliance and adherence to the program, (2) time spent performing physical therapy exercises, (3) the usability of the virtual rehabilitation platform, and (4) clinical outcome scores in a selected primary knee arthroplasty cohort. A total of 157 consecutive patients underwent TKA ( n  = 18) or UKA ( n  = 139)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
C Le Roy, G Larios, D Springmüller, C Clavería
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) present a high percentage of undern utrition and the interpretation of their nutritional assessment is difficult. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional status of infants with CHD using two anthropometric classifications and compare them. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent cohort study. We studied children under 12 months under going cardiac surgery. We excluded preterm infants, small for gestational age, carriers of genetic syndrome or other disease with nutritional compromise...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
D Cano-Terriza, M A Risalde, S Jiménez-Ruiz, J Vicente, J Isla, J Paniagua, I Moreno, C Gortázar, J A Infantes-Lorenzo, I García-Bocanegra
In recent decades, habitat change and the intensive management of wild ungulates for hunting have led to an increase in their populations in south-central Spain. This implies a higher generation of hunting waste, which can favour the transmission of infectious diseases, including tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of the proper disposal of hunting waste as TB control measure in wild boar (Sus scrofa) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) during the 2008/2009 to 2016/2017 hunting seasons...
March 13, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Sanjay Kalra, Silver Bahendeka, Rakesh Sahay, Sujoy Ghosh, Fariduddin Md, Abbas Orabi, Kaushik Ramaiya, Sameer Al Shammari, Dina Shrestha, Khalid Shaikh, Sachitha Abhayaratna, Pradeep K Shrestha, Aravinthan Mahalingam, Mazen Askheta, Aly Ahmed A Rahim, Fatimah Eliana, Hari K Shrestha, Sandeep Chaudhary, Nancy Ngugi, Jean Claude Mbanya, Than Than Aye, Tint Swe Latt, Zhanay A Akanov, Abbas Raza Syed, Nikhil Tandon, A G Unnikrishnan, S V Madhu, Ali Jawa, Subhankar Chowdhury, Sarita Bajaj, Ashok Kumar Das
For decades, sulfonylureas (SUs) have been important drugs in the antidiabetic therapeutic armamentarium. They have been used as monotherapy as well as combination therapy. Focus on newer drugs and concerns about the risk of severe hypoglycemia and weight gain with some SUs have led to discussion on their safety and utility. It has to be borne in mind that the adverse events associated with SUs should not be ascribed to the whole class, as many modern SUs, such as glimepiride and gliclazide modified release, are associated with better safety profiles...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
X Ma, P H Li, M X Zhu, L C He, S P Sui, S Gao, G S Su, N S Ding, Y Huang, Z Q Lu, X G Huang, R H Huang
Litter size has a great impact on the profit of swine producers. Uterine development is an important determinant of reproduction efficiency and could hence affect litter size. Chinese Erhualian pig is one of the most prolific breeds in the world, even though large phenotypic variation in litter size was observed within Erhualian sows. To dissect the genetic basis of the phenotypic variation, we herein conducted genome-wide association studies for total number born and number born alive (NBA) of Erhualian sows...
March 14, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Laura A Calvo-Castro, Christina Schiborr, Franziska David, Heidi Ehrt, Jenny Voggel, Nadine Sus, Dariush Behnam, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Jan Frank
SCOPE: Grapevine-shoot extract Vineatrol® 30 contains abundant resveratrol monomers and oligomers with health-promoting potential. However, the oral bioavailability of these compounds in humans is low (˂1-2%). The aim of this study was to improve the oral bioavailability of resveratrol from vineatrol by micellar solubilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve healthy volunteers (6 women, 6 men) randomly ingested a single dose of 500 mg vineatrol (30 mg trans-resveratrol, 75 mg trans-ε-viniferin) as native powder or liquid micelles...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Rcrm do Nascimento, A A Guerra Jnr, J Alvares, I C Gomes, B Godman, M Bennie, A B Kurdi, F de A Acurcio
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Stains have become an integral part of treatment to reduce cardiac events in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, their use within the public healthcare system in Brazil is unknown. Consequently, we sought to determine and characterize statin use in primary healthcare delivered by the public health system (SUS) in Brazil and evaluate associated patient factors to improve future use. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a national representative sample from five Brazilian regions, derived from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines using a multi-stage complex sampling plan...
March 12, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Matthew H Foley, Eric C Martens, Nicole M Koropatkin
The Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron starch utilization system (Sus) is a model system for nutrient acquisition by gut Bacteroidetes, a dominant phylum of gut bacteria. The Sus includes SusCDEFG, which assemble on the cell surface to capture, degrade and import starch. While SusD is an essential starch-binding protein, the precise role(s) of the partially homologous starch-binding proteins SusE and SusF has remained elusive. We previously reported that a non-binding version of SusD (SusD*) supports growth on starch when other members of the multi-protein complex are present...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
David Risco, María Bravo, Remigio Martínez, Almudena Torres, Pilar Gonçalves, Jesús Cuesta, Waldo García-Jiménez, Rosario Cerrato, Rocío Iglesias, Javier Galapero, Emmanuel Serrano, Luis Gómez, Pedro Fernández-Llario, Javier Hermoso de Mendoza
Tuberculosis (TB) in wild boar (Sus scrofa) may be affected by coinfections with other pathogens, such as porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Therefore, sanitary measures focused on controlling PCV2 could be useful in reducing the impact of TB in this wild suid. The aim of this study was to explore whether vaccination against PCV2 targeting young animals affects TB prevalence and TB severity in wild boar. The study was conducted on a game estate in mid-western Spain. Seventy animals of ages ranging from 4 to 8 months were captured, individually identified, vaccinated against PCV2 and released, forming a vaccinated group...
March 9, 2018: EcoHealth
J V Camp, R Haider, D Porea, L E Oslobanu, P Forgách, N Nowotny
A serosurvey for Tahyna virus (TAHV), a mosquito-borne California encephalitis orthobunyavirus (Peribunyaviridae) endemic to Europe, was performed to estimate the activity of TAHV on a broad geographic scale. Sera from wild boar (Sus scrofa), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) were collected from Austria, Hungary and Romania. Samples were tested for neutralizing antibodies against TAHV using a virus microneutralization assay. The results demonstrate that TAHV transmission to mammals is widespread in Europe, particularly in the wild boar population where the mean rate of seroconversion is 15...
March 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Susana Rostro-García, Jan F Kamler, Rachel Crouthers, Keo Sopheak, Sovanna Prum, Visattha In, Chanratana Pin, Anthony Caragiulo, David W Macdonald
We studied the Indochinese leopard ( Panthera pardus delacouri ) in eastern Cambodia, in one of the few potentially remaining viable populations in Southeast Asia. The aims were to determine the: (i) current leopard density in Srepok Wildlife Sanctuary (SWS) and (ii) diet, prey selection and predation impact of leopard in SWS. The density, estimated using spatially explicit capture-recapture models, was 1.0 leopard/100 km2 , 72% lower than an estimate from 2009 at the same site, and one of the lowest densities ever reported in Asia...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Mariano E Giménez, Eduardo J Houghton, C Federico Davrieux, Edgardo Serra, Patrick Pessaux, Mariano Palermo, Pablo A Acquafresca, Caetano Finger, Bernard Dallemagne, Jacques Marescaux
BACKGROUND: When a major hepatic resection is necessary, sometimes the future liver remnant is not enough to maintain sufficient liver function and patients are more likely to develop liver failure after surgery. AIM: To test the hypothesis that performing a percutaneous radiofrecuency liver partition plus percutaneous portal vein embolization (PRALPPS) for stage hepatectomy in pigs is feasible. METHODS: Four pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) both sexes with weights between 25 to 35 kg underwent percutaneous portal vein embolization with coils of the left portal vein...
March 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Hamady Dieng, Tomomitsu Satho, Nur Khairatun Khadijah Binti Meli, Fatimah Abang, Cirilo Nolasco-Hipolito, Hafijah Hakim, Fumio Miake, Wan Fatma Zuharah, Nur Faeza A Kassim, Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid, Ronald E Morales Vargas, Noppawan P Morales, Gabriel Tonga Noweg
Nectar is the staple diet of adult mosquitoes in the wild, but its availability is inconsistent and can be affected by rainfall. In urban centers, Aedes vectors commonly use man-made containers as their major habitat; however, they can colonize any items replenished by rainfall. Garbage output has increased significantly in recent years, at a time when collection frequency is reducing. Such garbage usually includes organic components, some of which are sweet and can be fed upon by other animals or become can containers for rainwater...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mohanraj Thirumalai, William B Kirkland, Samuel R Misko, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Laurie A Malone
BACKGROUND: Active video game (AVG) playing, also known as "exergaming," is increasingly employed to promote physical activity across all age groups. The Wii Fit Balance Board is a popular gaming controller for AVGs and is used in a variety of settings. However, the commercial off-the-shelf (OTS) design poses several limitations. It is inaccessible to wheelchair users, does not support the use of stabilization assistive devices, and requires the ability to shift the center of balance (COB) in all directions to fully engage in game play...
March 6, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Ingrida Ulozienė, Milda Totilienė, Andrius Paulauskas, Tomas Blažauskas, Vaidotas Marozas, Diego Kaski, Virgilijus Ulozas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The subjective visual vertical (SVV) is a measure of a subject's perceived verticality, and a sensitive test of vestibular dysfunction. Despite this, and consequent upon technical and logistical limitations, SVV has not entered mainstream clinical practice. The aim of the study was to develop a mobile virtual reality based system for SVV test, evaluate the suitability of different controllers and assess the system's usability in practical settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we describe a novel virtual reality based system that has been developed to test SVV using integrated software and hardware, and report normative values across healthy population...
February 19, 2018: Medicina
Joseph Rwagitinywa, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Robert Bourrel, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Agnès Sommet
Adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) is crucial to achieve viral load suppression in HIV-infected patients. This study aimed to compare adherence to generic multi-tablet regimens (MTR) ver-sus brand MTR likely to incorporate ARV drugs without breaking fixed-dose combinations (FDC) and brand single-tablet regimens (STR) likely to incorporate generics by breaking the FDC. Patients aged of 18 years or over, exposed to one of the generic or the brand of lamivu-dine (3TC), zidovudine/lamivudine (AZT/TC), nevirapine (NVP), or efavirenz (EFV), or the brand STR of efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir (EFV/FTC/TDF)...
March 5, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Brita Sedlmayr, Jennifer Schöffler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: The use of a nationwide medication plan has been promoted as an effective strategy to improve patient safety in Germany. However, the medication plan only exists as a paper-based version, which is related to several problems, that could be circumvented by an electronic alternative. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to report on the development of a mobile interface concept to support the management of medication information. METHODS: The human-centered design (UCD) process was chosen...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Zaida Rentería-Solís, Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska, Katharina Riehn
Alaria spp. mesocercariae are commonly found in wild boar and other omnivorous mammals. In Europe, the number of cases presenting Alaria mesocercariae infections has been on the rise in the last years. From October to December 2016, samples of muscle from tongue, neck, and mandibular regions were collected from 1 Eurasian badger (Meles meles) and 14 wild boars (Sus scrofa) hunted in the Białowieża Forest, north-eastern Poland. Using the Alaria migration technique (AMT), Alaria mesocercariae were isolated and morphologically identified in one badger and one wild boar...
March 3, 2018: Parasitology Research
Yu Chen, Lin Chen, Hong Zhang, Shibo Huang, Yuqing Xiong, Chunhua Xia
Sulfonylureas (SUs) such as glibenclamide, gliclazide, glimepiride, glipizide and gliquidone are one of the first oral medicines available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, and are widely used for the treatment of hyperglycaemia. The hepatic transporters, organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) and organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B3 (OATP1B3), play an important role in the disposition of a variety of drugs by mediating their uptake from blood into hepatocytes. Drug-drug interactions mediated by OATP1B1/1B3 may result in the hepatic transporting change for drug substrates...
March 2, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
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