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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093083/genetic-analysis-of-teat-number-in-pigs-reveals-some-developmental-pathways-independent-of-vertebra-number-and-several-loci-which-only-affect-a-specific-side
#1
Gary A Rohrer, Dan J Nonneman
BACKGROUND: Number of functional teats is an important trait in commercial swine production. As litter size increases, the number of teats must also increase to supply nutrition to all piglets. Therefore, a genome-wide association analysis was conducted to identify genomic regions that affect this trait in a commercial swine population. Genotypic data from the Illumina Porcine SNP60v1 BeadChip were available for 2951 animals with total teat number (TTN) records. A subset of these animals (n = 1828) had number of teats on each side recorded...
January 4, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092599/wild-boars-sus-scrofa-as-bioindicators-of-environmental-levels-of-selenium-in-poland
#2
E Nowakowska, B Pilarczyk, R Pilarczyk, A Tomza-Marciniak, M Bąkowska, A Marciniak
The objective of the study was to determine selenium content in selected organs (liver, kidney) of wild boars from different regions of Poland. Materials for the study were obtained from 28 sites located in 16 provinces of Poland. Selenium concentrations in organs were determined using spectrofluorometric methods after wet mineralization in HNO3 and HClO4 mixture. Mean selenium concentrations in the investigated wild boars from Poland were 0.230 μg/g wet weight in the liver and 1.327 μg/g w.w. in the kidneys...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077872/structural-basis-for-nutrient-acquisition-by-dominant-members-of-the-human-gut-microbiota
#3
Amy J Glenwright, Karunakar R Pothula, Satya P Bhamidimarri, Dror S Chorev, Arnaud Baslé, Susan J Firbank, Hongjun Zheng, Carol V Robinson, Mathias Winterhalter, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer, David N Bolam, Bert van den Berg
The human large intestine is populated by a high density of microorganisms, collectively termed the colonic microbiota, which has an important role in human health and nutrition. The survival of microbiota members from the dominant Gram-negative phylum Bacteroidetes depends on their ability to degrade dietary glycans that cannot be metabolized by the host. The genes encoding proteins involved in the degradation of specific glycans are organized into co-regulated polysaccharide utilization loci, with the archetypal locus sus (for starch utilisation system) encoding seven proteins, SusA-SusG...
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076552/perceptions-about-men-s-health-in-a-gender-relational-perspective-brazil-2014
#4
Erly Catarina de Moura, Romeu Gomes, Georgia Martins Carvalho Pereira
The goal of this article is to assess the perception of male health from the viewpoint of men and women. The study drew from a random sample of men aged 20 to 59 who were SUS (Unified Healthcare System) users and resided in the capitals of Brazilian states and the Federal District. Participants were interviewed by phone. Sociodemographic variables and variables related to perception of healthcare services, health status and health care were recorded. Logistic regression was used to assess failure to seek service and good and very good self-care...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076546/pharmacist-s-contribution-to-the-promotion-of-access-and-rational-use-of-essential-medicines-in-sus
#5
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Lia Lusitana Cardozo de Castro
Objective: to describe the pharmaceutical inclusion process in a Basic Health Unit multidisciplinary team and evaluate results related to rational use and promotion of access to essential medicines. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in a primary care health unit in the city of São Paulo. Pharmacist's activities were evaluated regarding the service structure and organization and prescribing quality improvement, guidance method creation, and implementation of clinical pharmacy service...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076545/economic-evaluation-of-the-programs-rede-farm%C3%A3-cia-de-minas-do-sus-versus-farm%C3%A3-cia-popular-do-brasil
#6
Marina Morgado Garcia, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acúrcio
We conducted an economic assessment of the Pharmaceutical Assistance - Rede Farmácia de Minas Gerais-RFMG and Farmácia Popular do Brasil-FPB to ascertain which of the two models stands out as the most efficient. To do this, a model, which consisted of a study of incurred costs in both programs, up to the dispensing of medicine to citizens, was developed. The uncertainties of the proposed model were tested using the Monte Carlo method. If the entire population initially estimated in the RFMG were attended in the FPB, there would be an additional cost of R$ 139,324,050...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063335/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-study-of-liver-damage-induced-by-ginkgolic-acid-15-1-in-mice
#7
Lei Jiang, Zhi-Hong Si, Ming-Hui Li, He Zhao, Yong-Hong Fu, Yue-Xiao Xing, Wei Hong, Ling-Yu Ruan, Pu-Min Li, Jun-Song Wang
Ginkgolic acid (15:1) is a major toxic component in extracts obtained from Ginkgo biloba (EGb) that has allergic and genotoxic effects. This study is the first to explore the hepatotoxicity of ginkgolic acid (15:1) using a NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance)-based metabolomics approach in combination with biochemistry assays. Mice were orally administered two doses of ginkgolic acid (15:1), and mouse livers and serum were then collected for NMR recordings and biochemical assays. The levels of activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and glutamic aspartate transaminase (AST) observed in the ginkgolic acid (15:1)-treated mice suggested that it had induced severe liver damage...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061911/presence-of-zoonotic-cryptosporidium-scrofarum-giardia-duodenalis-assemblage-a-and-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-genotypes-in-captive-eurasian-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-china-potential-for-zoonotic-transmission
#8
Wei Li, Lei Deng, Kongju Wu, Xiangming Huang, Yuan Song, Huaiyi Su, Yanchun Hu, Hualin Fu, Zhijun Zhong, Guangneng Peng
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are the main causal pathogens of gastrointestinal disease. However, there are limited reports about the prevalence of these organisms in captive Eurasian wild boars worldwide. Therefore, we examined the occurrence and identified the species/assemblages/genotypes of these pathogens in captive Eurasian wild boars, and estimated the zoonotic potential. FINDINGS: Of 357 fecal samples collected from captive Eurasian wild boars in China, 155 (43...
January 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056966/pseudorabies-virus-infection-aujeszky-s-disease-in-an-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus-in-spain-a-case-report
#9
A Javier Masot, María Gil, David Risco, Olga M Jiménez, José I Núñez, Eloy Redondo
BACKGROUND: The only natural hosts of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) are members of the family Suidae (Sus scrofa scrofa). In species other than suids infection is normally fatal. In these mammals, including carnivores, PRV typically causes serious neurologic disease. The endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild feline endemic to south-western Europe (Iberian Peninsula). The Iberian lynx was found to be the world's most endangered felid species in 2002. In wild felines, PRV infection has only been previously reported once in a Florida panther in 1994...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042788/-update-of-the-gleason-system-and-other-prognostic-pathological-data-in-prostate-cancer-tumor-load
#10
Ricardo García-González, Ricardo García-Navas, José Montáns-Araújo
Desde que D. F. Gleason creara su sistema en 1966 (1 ) y que él mismo modificó en 1974 (2), su método ha sido universalmente aceptado y recomendado por la OMS (3)como factor pronóstico del carcinoma prostático (CaP). Pero, la generalización de la prueba del PSA a partir de 1979 (4), del desarrollo de la TRUS (5) y de la "biopty-gun" para la toma de biopsias en sextantes en los años 80 (6), y sus posteriores modificaciones, son hechos que han cambiado paulatinamente la postura ante el CaP y, con la experiencia adquirida, algunas de las reglas iniciales de Gleason han evolucionado...
December 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041999/occurrence-and-first-molecular-characterization-of-sarcocystis-spp-in-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-and-domestic-pigs-sus-scrofa-domesticus-in-romania-public-health-significance-of-the-isolates
#11
Kálmán Imre, Claudia Sala, Adriana Morar, Mirela Imre, Cătălin Ciontu, Ion Chisăliță, Andreea Dudu, Marius Matei, Gheorghe Dărăbuș
Domestic and wild pigs, as intermediate hosts, can harbor tissue cysts of three Sarcocystis species namely S. miescheriana, S. suihominis and S. porcifelis. Out of them, S. suihominis is zoonotic. Romania is a country with high consumption of raw and/or undercooked traditional pork products. This fact may greatly favor the acquiring of the zoonotic Sarcocystis infections by humans, as definitive host. Based on this consideration and in order to investigate the occurrence and public health significance of Sarcocystis spp...
December 29, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034616/enhancing-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-sus-scrofa-lysozyme-by-n-terminal-fusion-of-a-sextuple-unique-homologous-peptide
#12
Dewei Zhu, Guolin Cai, Xiaomin Li, Jian Lu, Liang Zhang
Sus scrofa lysozyme (SSL), an important component of the pig immune system, is a potential candidate to replace antibiotics in feed. However, there is little antimicrobial activity of natural SSL against gram-negative bacteria, which limits its application. In this study, a unique peptide (A-W-V-A-W-K) with antimicrobial activity against gram-negative bacteria was discovered and purified from trypsin hydrolysate of natural SSL. This unique peptide was fused to natural SSL and the recombinant fused SSL exhibited improved activity against gram-negative bacteria...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033286/maximizing-cost-effectiveness-by-adjusting-treatment-strategy-according-to-glaucoma-severity
#13
Ricardo Augusto Paletta Guedes, Vanessa Maria Paletta Guedes, Carlos Eduardo de Mello Gomes, Alfredo Chaoubah
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the most cost-effective strategy for the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in Brazil, from the payer's perspective (Brazilian Public Health System) in the setting of the Glaucoma Referral Centers. METHODS: Study design was a cost-effectiveness analysis of different treatment strategies for POAG. We developed 3 Markov models (one for each glaucoma stage: early, moderate and advanced), using a hypothetical cohort of POAG patients, from the perspective of the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) and a horizon of the average life expectancy of the Brazilian population...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032877/cuestionarios-de-actividad-f%C3%A3-sica-para-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-espa%C3%A3-oles-una-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#14
I Martínez-Lemos, C Ayán Pérez, A Sánchez Lastra, J M Cancela Carral, R Valcarce Sánchez
Los cuestionarios de valoración de la prevalencia de actividad física son herramientas muy empleadas por los profesionales de la salud. Es importante poner en su conocimiento la calidad y características de los mismos. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo identificar y analizar las características y propiedades psicométricas de este tipo de cuestionarios cuando han sido aplicados a niños y adolescentes españoles. Se encontraron un total de 14 cuestionarios, obteniéndose valores de validez adecuados en dos de ellos...
November 21, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032872/compromiso-organizativo-de-los-m%C3%A3-dicos-de-urgencias-de-los-hospitales-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblicos-espa%C3%A3-oles
#15
A Noval de la Torre, J Bulchand Gidumal, S Melián González
Fundamento. Existen pocos estudios sobre las actitudes de los médicos de los servicios de urgencias respecto a sus organizaciones. La actitud de los trabajadores "compromiso con la organización" ha mostrado ser relevante para el rendimiento en el puesto de trabajo y el global de las organizaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el grado de compromiso de los médicos de urgencias de los servicios públicos españoles y los posibles determinantes del mismo.Método. Encuesta en línea a médicos de servicios de urgencias de hospitales públicos españoles mediante la aplicación informática SurveyMonkey...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026048/consideration-of-different-heating-lengths-of-needles-with-induction-heating-and-resistance-system-a-novel-design-of-needle-module-for-thermal-ablation
#16
Huy-Tien Bui, Sheng-Jye Hwang, Huei-Huang Lee, Durn-Yuan Huang
Thermal ablation using alternating electromagnetic fields is a promising method to treat tissues including tumors. With this approach, an electromagnetic field is generated around an induction coil, which is supplied with high frequency current from a power source. Any electrically conducting object, which is placed in the electromagnetic field, is then heated due to eddy currents. Basic principles underlying this novel thermotherapy needle system are internal induction and resistance heating. This presents a new design of a standard gauge 18 percutaneous trans-hepatic cholangiography needle module combined with a compact power source...
December 27, 2016: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000769/characterization-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-a-long-term-porcine-model-of-severe-multiple-trauma
#17
K Horst, T P Simon, R Pfeifer, M Teuben, K Almahmoud, Q Zhi, S Aguiar Santos, C Castelar Wembers, S Leonhardt, N Heussen, P Störmann, B Auner, B Relja, I Marzi, A T Haug, M van Griensven, M Kalbitz, M Huber-Lang, R Tolba, L K Reiss, S Uhlig, G Marx, H C Pape, F Hildebrand
Chest trauma has a significant relevance on outcome after severe trauma. Clinically, impaired lung function typically occurs within 72 hours after trauma. However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. Therefore, we aimed to establish an experimental long-term model to investigate physiological, morphologic and inflammatory changes, after severe trauma. Male pigs (sus scrofa) sustained severe trauma (including unilateral chest trauma, femur fracture, liver laceration and hemorrhagic shock)...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000569/antimicrobial-peptides-of-meat-origin-an-in-silico-and-in-vitro-analysis
#18
Joanna Stadnik, Paulina Kęska
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of meat protein-derived peptides against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The in silico and in vitro approach was combined to determine the potency of antimicrobial peptides derived from pig (Sus scrofa) and cow (Bos taurus) proteins. The in silico studies consisted of an analysis of the amino acid composition of peptides obtained from the CAMPR3 database, their molecular weight and other physicochemical properties (isoelectric point, molar extinction coefficient, instability index, aliphatic index, hydropathy index and net charge)...
December 20, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000473/estimaci%C3%A3-n-del-porcentaje-de-pacientes-con-epoc-adiestrados-en-consulta-para-el-manejo-de-inhaladores-estudio-adepocle
#19
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Juan Martínez de Mandojana Hernández, Víctor Lumbreras González
Objetivos: estimar el porcentaje de pacientes con EPOC adiestrados en la consulta para el manejo de inhaladores en la provincia de León.Métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, multicéntrico (30 centros de salud de la provincia de León). Incluyó pacientes mayores de 35 años diagnosticados y tratados de EPOC. Variables a estudio: edad, sexo, hábitat, datos antropométricos, estado nutricional, tabaquismo, espirometría postboroncodilatadora, disnea (mMRC), reagudizaciones, gravedad (Índice Bodex), hospitalizaciones, tratamiento, seguimiento y caracterización del fenotipo (GesEOPC 2014)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000455/programa-de-comedores-escolares-de-la-comunidad-de-madrid-2001-2015-dise%C3%A3-o-protocolo-metodolog%C3%A3-a-y-actualizaci%C3%A3-n
#20
Teresa Valero Gaspar, Susana Del Pozo de la Calle, Emma Ruiz Moreno, Osé Manuel Ávila Torres, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Carmen Cuadrado Vives
Introducción: a finales del siglo xx, no se conocía con precisión si la comida del comedor escolar contribuía adecuadamente a la dieta de la población infantil. Además, este servicio complementario no se contemplaba en el proyecto educativo del centro pese a considerarse fundamental en todas sus dimensiones.Objetivo: describir el origen y desarrollo del programa de comedores escolares de la Comunidad de Madrid (CM) en 15 años desde su implantación.Métodos: se elaboró una normativa a cumplir por las empresas de restauración, y que contemplaba aspectos nutricionales y de composición y variedad de los menús, que se utilizó en los concursos para acceder a la prestación del servicio de comedor escolar, publicados en los años 2001, 2002, 2005, 2009 y 2013...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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