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Atul Kumar Verma, Ajit Singh Mahla, Ravjibhai Karshanbhai Chaudhari, Amit Kumar Singh, Amit Khatti, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Narayan Dutta, Gyanendra Singh, Mihir Sarkar, Harendra Kumar, Dushyant Yadav, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Decreasing the ratio of n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) through dietary manipulation improves the reproductive functions in the dairy cow. This study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich fish oil that provided different levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to determine the optimum dose with respect to endometrial and ovarian functions in the doe. Normal cyclic goats (n = 20) were divided into four groups (n = 5/group) and the fish oil was supplemented for 55 days such that EPA and DHA content were 0, 72, 156 and 312 mg/Kg body weight for CON, LOW, MED and HIGH groups, respectively...
May 22, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Miriam S Martin, Helen C Kline, Dana R Wagner, Lacey R Alexander, Lily N Edwards-Callaway, Temple Grandin
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of captive bolt length and breed type on post-stun leg activity in cattle. A total of 2850 Holstein (HOL) and non-Holstein British/Continental bred (NHOL) steers and heifers were observed post-stunning at a large commercial slaughter facility. A pneumatically powered penetrating captive bolt stunner was used with three different bolt lengths: CON, 15.24 cm; MED, 16.51 cm; and LON, 17.78 cm. Hind limb kicking, forelimb activity, take away belt stops, carcass swing and number of knife sticks during exsanguination were recorded for each animal from video recording...
May 3, 2018: Meat Science
Alison Fitches
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Brad Mayo, Cory Miles, Stacy Sims, Matthew Driller
Mayo, Brad, Cory Miles, Stacy Sims, and Matthew Driller. The effect of resistance training in a hypoxic chamber on physical performance in elite rugby athletes. High Alt Med Biol 19:28-34, 2018.-Limited research suggests that muscle adaptations may be enhanced through resistance training in a hypoxic environment. Seventeen professional rugby union athletes (age [mean ± SD], 24 ± 3 years; body mass, 98.7 ± 12.8 kg; and height, 188.9 ± 7.9 cm), performed 12 resistance training sessions over a 3-week period...
March 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Sahiro Mizuno, Mari Arai, Fumihiko Todoko, Eri Yamada, Kazushige Goto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of wearing a lower body compression garment (CG) exerting different pressure levels during prolonged running on exercise-induced muscle damage and the inflammatory response. METHODS: Eight male participants completed three exercise trials in a random order. The exercise consisted of 120 min of uphill running at 60% of VO2max. The exercise trials included 1) wearing a lower-body CG with 30 mmHg pressure [HIGH]; 2) wearing a lower-body CG with 15 mmHg pressure [MED]; and 3) wearing a lower-body garment with < 5 mmHg pressure [CON]...
2017: PloS One
B M Leno, C M Ryan, T Stokol, D Kirk, K P Zanzalari, J D Chapman, T R Overton
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of decreasing dietary cation-anion difference [DCAD; (Na(+) + K(+)) - (Cl(-) + S(2-))] of the prepartum diet on aspects of mineral metabolism, energy metabolism, and performance of peripartum dairy cows. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 89) were enrolled between 38 and 31 d before expected parturition and randomized to treatments in a completely randomized design (restricted to balance for previous 305-d mature equivalent milk production, parity, and body condition score) at 24 d before expected parturition...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Shigeshi Ono, Stella Lam, Makoto Nagahara, Dave S B Hoon
The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [1]:[...].
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Mário Edson Santos de Sousa, Marcos Allan L dos Reis, Jordan Del Nero
In this paper, we present a study based on extended Hückel (ETH) and the Green function of the electron transport in a graphenenanoribbon with a nanopore oxidized in the middle. We con- sider several types of oxidation:hydroxyl, carboxyl and ketone groups adsorbed in edges, pore and surface of the riddon. The results indicate that nanoribbons with medium and high oxidation are more thermally stable than the low oxidation nanoribon that shows greater sensitivity at 120 °C. Finally, Ohmic and Negative Differential Resistance (NDR) were obtained from I(V) curves, thus was possible determine the current peaks and threshold voltages (V(Th1) < V(Th2) < V(Th3) < V(Th4)), which correspond to quantum transport of the nanoribbon not oxidized, high-oxy, med-oxy and low-oxy, respectively, so creating two nanoconstrictions as well as two regions of quantum confinement...
January 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
S Mann, F A Leal Yepes, T R Overton, A L Lock, S V Lamb, J J Wakshlag, D V Nydam
The objective was to investigate the effect of different dry cow feeding strategies on the volume, concentration of IgG and insulin, as well as fatty acid composition of colostrum. Our hypothesis was that different dry period diets formulated to resemble current feeding practices on commercial dairy farms and differing in plane of energy would have an effect on IgG and insulin concentration, as well as composition of fatty acid of colostrum. Animals (n=84) entering parity 2 or greater were dried off 57 d before expected parturition and fed either a diet formulated to meet, but not greatly exceed energy requirements throughout the dry period (CON), or a higher energy density diet, supplying approximately 150% of energy requirements (HI)...
February 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Jesús Hernández-Juárez, Manuel Moreno-Hernández, Abraham Majluf-Cruz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Qian Zhang, Huawei Su, Fuwei Wang, Zhijun Cao, Shengli Li
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of energy density (ED) in the close-up period and supplementation of extruded full-fat soybean (ESB) during the first 4 wk after parturition on intake, body weight (BW), metabolic status, and performance of dairy cows. Fifty-seven Chinese Holstein cows with similar parity, previous 305-d milk yield, and expected calving date were dried off at -60 d relative to parturition and fed the standard herd dry-cow diet until -21 d relative to parturition. Energy density at low (LED, 1...
October 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
Ana Sánchez-Tainta, Itziar Zazpe, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Mónica Bullo, José Vicente Sorlí, Dolores Corella, M Isabel Covas, Fernando Arós, Mario Gutierrez-Bedmar, Miquel Fiol, F García de la Corte, Lluis Serra-Majem, Xavier Pinto, Helmut Schröeder, Emilio Ros, M Carmen López-Sabater, Ramón Estruch, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between carbohydrate quality, fat quality or adherence to the Mediterranean diet and intake adequacy of 19 micronutrients in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial, a multicenter, randomized, controlled, parallel group and primary prevention trial conducted in Spain. METHODS: We assessed baseline dietary intake of 6,542 elderly subjects at high cardiovascular risk through a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a validated 14-item Mediterranean diet (Med-diet) score...
February 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Tadeusz J Popiela, Paweł Brzegowy, Anna Paciorek
Perioperative mortality in the pa tients with acute haemorrhage from upper gastrointestinal tract undergo ng unsuccessful routine endoscopic procedures is relatively high. The study evaluates the effective ness of upper gastrointestinal tract arterial vessels embolization as the alternative procedure to surgery. The analyses was conducted in 48 patients who underwent unsuccessful endoscopic procedures. All patients were subjected to diagnostic angiogra phy, which allowed to localize or con firm the haemorrhage site in 37 (77%) cases...
2013: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Roger D Klein
The 20th annual Molecular Med Tri-Con conference, sponsored by Cambridge Health Institute (MA, USA), consisted of over 250 presentations within five parallel 'channels': 'Diagnostics, Therapeutics, Clinical, Informatics and Cancer', along with five preliminary symposia, 15 short courses, a plenary keynote session entitled 'Personalized Oncology - Fulfilling the Promise for Today's Patients' and a keynote panel entitled, 'Emerging Technologies and Industry Perspectives'. Over 3000 individuals from academia, clinical laboratories and industry were in attendance...
July 2013: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Raquel Aguirre, Lilian Capone, Gabriela Tabaj, Luciana Molinari, Maria Otaola, Silvia Quadrelli
SESSION TYPE: ILD Global Case Report PostersPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: In 1957 Erasmus published the association between silicosis and the development of scleroderma with lung involvement in gold miners → Erasmus syndrome with an incidence ranging from 12 to 42% according to series publishedCASE PRESENTATION: Male patient 40, with a history of systemic scleroderma (Anti SCl 70 (+), anticentromere (-) diagnosed 2007 with lung involvement from diagnosis of the disease, lung function test: FVC: 3...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Borja Sañudo, Rosa Alfonso-Rosa, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Jesus Del Pozo-Cruz, Delfín Galiano, Arturo Figueroa
This study aimed at examined the effect of a 12-week whole body vibration (WBV) training program on leg blood flow and body composition in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a WBV training group (WBV; n = 20) or usual-care control group (CON; n = 20). Body composition [waist circumference, waist to hip ratio (WHR), weight, height, percentage of body fat and fat-free mass], heart rate, and blood flow [femoral artery diameter, maximum systolic velocity, maximum diastolic velocity (DV), time averaged mean, pulsatility index and resistance index (RI), mean velocity (V med), and peak blood velocities (PBV)] were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks...
September 2013: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Stephen M Thielke, Judith A Turner, Susan M Shortreed, Kathleen Saunders, Linda Leresche, Cynthia I Campbell, Constance C Weisner, Michael V Korff
OBJECTIVES: Chronic opioid therapy (COT) is associated with various adverse outcomes, especially at higher doses, yet little is known about predictors of sustained higher-dose COT. This study aimed to ascertain, among higher-dose COT patients, the association of patient-perceived pros and cons of opioids with continued higher-dose use 1 year later. METHODS: Patients (N=1229) in 2 large health plans prescribed ≥50 mg morphine-equivalent dose (MED) per day for chronic noncancer pain completed a survey assessing opioid benefits and harms...
February 2014: Clinical Journal of Pain
R Zamora-Ros, M Serafini, R Estruch, R M Lamuela-Raventós, M A Martínez-González, J Salas-Salvadó, M Fiol, J Lapetra, F Arós, M I Covas, C Andres-Lacueva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The intake of antioxidant-rich foods may increase the blood levels of non enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC). NEAC takes into account all antioxidants from food and synergistic effects between them. We examined the effect of a 1-year intervention with Mediterranean diet on plasma NEAC and assessed whether it was related to baseline NEAC levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five hundred sixty-four participants at high cardiovascular risk were randomly selected from the PREDIMED (Prevención con DIeta MEDiterránea) Study, a large 3-arm randomized clinical trial...
December 2013: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Marta Kiszkielis, Wojciech Lubiński, Krzysztof Penkala
PURPOSE: Based on the available literature, the clinical usefulness of Photopic Negative Response (PhNR) of flash Electroretinogram (ERG) in detecting glaucoma has been described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data published in the literature available at the Pub Med library between 1999-2011. Different techniques of eliciting, assessing and measuring PhNR have been analyzed. Relations between results of static automated perimetry (SAP), Gdx, optical coherence tomography (OCT), pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and PhNR in glaucomatous patients have been described...
2012: Klinika Oczna
Beck D McAllister, Brandon J Rebholz, Jeffery C Wang
BACKGROUND: Cervical decompressive laminectomy is a common procedure for addressing multilevel cervical spine pathology. The most common reasons for performing simultaneous posterior cervical fusion include the prevention of progressive postlaminectomy kyphotic deformity or other types of instability which can contribute to late neurological deterioration. METHODS: The medical literature (Pub Med with MeSH) concerning cervical laminectomy, posterior cervical fusion, and complications of laminectomy/fusion was reviewed...
2012: Surgical Neurology International
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