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Bella Mehta, Petros Efthimiou
Background. Adult-Onset Still's Disease (AOSD) is an immune-mediated systemic disease with quotidian-spiking fever, rash, and inflammatory arthritis. Hyperferritinemia is a prominent feature, often used for screening. Methods. The key terms "ferritin" and "hyperferritinemia" were used to search PubMed and Medline and were cross-referenced with "Still's Disease." Results. Hyperferritinemia, although nonspecific, is particularly prevalent in AOSD. While most clinicians associate ferritin with iron metabolism, this is mostly true for the H isoform and not for the L isoform that tends to increase dramatically in hyperferritenemia...
2012: International Journal of Inflammation
Umut Kalyoncu, Yahya Buyukasik, Ali Akdogan, Omer Karadag, Sule A Bilgen, Sedat Kiraz, Ihsan Ertenli, Meral Calguneri
BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) can be complicated by reactive macrophage activation syndrome (rMAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate vitamin B(12) values in AOSD with and without rMAS. METHODS: All patients' files with AOSD in one center were retrospectively reviewed. Hemophagocytosis was defined as phagocytosis of various hematopoietic cells by macrophages. Clinical data including fever, rash, sore throat, arthritis, lymphadenopathy were recorded...
March 2010: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
T O'Brien, B Barrett, D M Murray, S Dinneen, D J O'Sullivan
We assessed the prevalence of previously unrecognized hemochromatosis among patients in whom diabetes mellitus was diagnosed after the age of 30 yr, and we evaluated the positive predictive value of biochemical screening tests for hemochromatosis in diabetic subjects. Thirty-eight of 572 patients screened (6.6%) had a serum ferritin level greater than 324 micrograms/L; 16 patients had normal levels on repeat testing. Four patients' serum ferritin levels fell to less than 400 micrograms/L. Seven of 18 patients with a persistently elevated serum ferritin level did not undergo a liver biopsy because of a recognized cause of hyperferritenemia (carcinoma, alcoholism, or systemic lupus erythematosus)...
May 1990: Diabetes Care
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