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Vulvodynia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539690/myotonometry-reliably-measures-muscle-stiffness-in-the-thenar-and-perineal-muscles
#1
Melissa J Davidson, Adam L Bryant, Wendy F Bower, Helena C Frawley
Purpose: The authors investigated the reliability of myotonometry-measured muscle tone in the thenar and perineal muscles. Methods: Participants were women aged 18-50 years who were asymptomatic for thumb and pelvic floor dysfunction (interrater study n=20; intrarater study n=43) or who were symptomatic for vulvodynia (interrater study n=14; intrarater study n=32). Mechanical properties (stiffness, frequency, decrement, relaxation time, and creep) of the muscles were measured using a myotonometer (MyotonPRO) while the muscles were in a relaxed state...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524242/women-with-vulvodynia-awareness-and-knowledge-of-its-care-among-student-healthcare-staff
#2
Minna Törnävä, Meeri Koivula, Mika Helminen, Tarja Suominen
BACKGROUND: Many women with vulvodynia are women of fertile age, and this syndrome may cause many physical and psychosexual functional disorders. Women with vulvodynia often find that healthcare professionals seem to demonstrate a lack of awareness about the syndrome and its care. These issues have not been previously studied among student healthcare staff. AIM: To investigate awareness and knowledge about vulvodynia and its care among staff in the student healthcare sector in Finland...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511823/dissociation-and-conversion-symptoms-in-dermatology
#3
Madhulika A Gupta, Branka Vujcic, Aditya K Gupta
Dissociation and conversion (defined as the somatic component of dissociation) can play an important mediating role in the exacerbation of the stress-reactive dermatoses (eg, psoriasis, idiopathic urticaria, atopic dermatitis), dermatoses that are exacerbated by excessive scratching (eg, lichen simplex chronicus, prurigo nodularis) and koebnerization, and the self-induced dermatoses (dermatitis artefacta, acne excoriée, skin picking disorder, trichotillomania, onychotillomania/onychophagia). Dissociative symptoms often coexist with obsessive-compulsive symptoms in the more severe cases of the self-induced dermatoses...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511610/women-without-vulvodynia-can-have-a-positive-q-tip-test-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Joana Lima-Silva, Jorge Beires, Gilbert Donders
BACKGROUND: Vulvodynia is a frequently missed pathology, often confused with vaginismus. The Q-tip test (QTT) is fundamental for the diagnosis; however, there is lack of data about its performance in asymptomatic women. OBJECTIVE: This study intended to evaluate the QTT for painful vestibular spots in asymptomatic women. METHODS: Q-tips were gently pressed at different areas of the vulvar vestibule to obtain a 0-10 score representing the pain felt...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294632/do-vulvodynia-tcm-patterns-differ-by-pain-types-beginning-evidence-supporting-the-concept
#5
Judith M Schlaeger, Hui Yan Cai, Xu Nenggui, Alana D Steffens, Wang Lin, Diana J Wilkie
INTRODUCTION: Vulvodynia affects a maximum of 14 million U.S. women; however, it has not been adequately characterized. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) offers pattern diagnoses that may be considered vulvodynia phenotypes and may guide the development of more targeted treatments. OBJECTIVES: In women with vulvodynia, to explore relationships between the TCM patterns and pain. DESIGN/METHODS: In an exploratory study, 36 women diagnosed with vulvodynia had a TCM assessment and completed the Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ)...
May 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246983/comorbidity-profiles-among-women-with-postcoital-bleeding-a-nationwide-health-insurance-database
#6
Hsin-Li Liu, Chuan-Mei Chen, Lee-Wen Pai, Yueh-Juen Hwu, Horng-Mo Lee, Yueh-Chin Chung
PURPOSE: Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. METHODS: This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626...
February 28, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195255/evaluation-of-vestibular-biopsy-features-in-patients-affected-by-fibromyalgia-by-vulvodynia-or-by-their-association
#7
A Ghizzani, G Tinacci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histologic features of vestibular biopsies from patients affected by fibro myalgia (FM), or vulvodynia (VD), or the their association (FM-VD) in order to facilitate differential diagnosis among conditions that present sexual pain with similar clinical characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Fourty-four women already diagnosed with FM were recruited to evaluate the presence of sexual pain not owing to FM. Fourteen women affected by sexual pain of unknown origin who came to our department requesting treatment were also recruited...
December 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186390/pain-management-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#8
Pradeep Chopra, Brad Tinkle, Claude Hamonet, Isabelle Brock, Anne Gompel, Antonio Bulbena, Clair Francomano
Chronic pain in the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) is common and may be severe. According to one study, nearly 90% of patients report some form of chronic pain. Pain, which is often one of the first symptoms to occur, may be widespread or localized to one region such as an arm or a leg. Studies on treatment modalities are few and insufficient to guide management. The following is a discussion of the evidence regarding the underlying mechanisms of pain in EDS. The causes of pain in this condition are multifactorial and include joint subluxations and dislocations, previous surgery, muscle weakness, proprioceptive disorders, and vertebral instability...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184272/treatment-of-radiation-induced-cystitis-and-vulvodynia-via-a-ganglion-impar-block-using-a-lateral-approach-under-computed-tomography-guidance-a-case-report
#9
Jeong-Eun Lee, Kyung-Hwa Kwak, Seong Wook Hong, Hoon Jung, Seung-Yeon Chung, Jun-Mo Park
Adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) after colorectal cancer surgery can prevent local recurrence, but has several side effects. Precise injection of drugs into the affected areas is complicated by radiation-induced fibrosis of soft or connective tissue. A 48-year-old woman experienced severe intractable perineal pain, dysuria, urinary urgency, and frequent urination after rectal cancer surgery and adjuvant RT, and was diagnosed with radiation-induced cystitis and vulvodynia. Her symptoms persisted despite two fluoroscopy-guided ganglion impar blocks...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165264/the-costs-and-benefits-of-sexual-communal-motivation-for-couples-coping-with-vulvodynia
#10
Amy Muise, Sophie Bergeron, Emily A Impett, Natalie O Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Most women with vulvodynia-a prevalent, chronic, vulvovaginal pain condition-engage in intercourse with their partners despite experiencing pain. Their motivation for doing so appears to be interpersonally oriented (e.g., to meet their partners' sexual needs), but the costs and benefits of such motivations are unknown. We tested whether sexual communal strength (being responsive to a partner's sexual needs) and unmitigated sexual communion (focusing on a partner's sexual needs to the exclusion of one's own needs) were associated with sexual function, and sexual and relationship satisfaction in couples with coping with vulvodynia...
February 6, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162472/-246-disease-related-microstructural-differences-in-the-brain-in-females-with-localized-provoked-vulvodynia
#11
A Gupta, D Woodworth, A Rapkin, J Stains, S Masghati, K Tillisch, B Ellingson, E Mayer, J Labus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162409/-182-vulvodynia-is-not-created-equally-pain-related-distress-subgroups-in-vulvodynia
#12
M Alappattu, M Robinson, G Lamvu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162358/-550-a-hot-cold-old-new-model-for-vulvodynia-an-exploratory-study-using-eastern-and-western-traditions
#13
J Schlaeger, H Cai, X Nenggui, A Steffen, W Lin, D Wilkie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158195/repeated-hapten-exposure-induces-persistent-tactile-sensitivity-in-mice-modeling-localized-provoked-vulvodynia
#14
Jasmine Landry, Tijana Martinov, Hanna Mengistu, Jyothi Dhanwada, Charles J Benck, Jaclyn Kline, Beebie Boo, Linnea Swanson, Elena Tonc, Randy Daughters, Brian T Fife, Devavani Chatterjea
BACKGROUND: Vulvodynia is a remarkably prevalent chronic pain condition of unknown etiology. Epidemiologic studies associate the risk of vulvodynia with a history of atopic disease. We used an established model of hapten-driven contact hypersensitivity to investigate the underlying mechanisms of allergy-provoked prolonged sensitivity to pressure. METHODS: We sensitized female ND4 Swiss mice to the hapten oxazolone on their flanks, and subsequently challenged them four days later with oxazolone or vehicle for ten consecutive days on the labia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107898/the-experience-of-pain-severity-and-pain-interference-in-vulvodynia-patients-the-role-of-cognitive-behavioural-factors-psychological-distress-and-fatigue
#15
Claudia Chisari, Joseph Chilcot
OBJECTIVE: Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition characterised by severe pain affecting the vulva. Biopsychosocial models have revealed the importance of illness perceptions, cognitive-behavioural variables and psychological distress in explaining the experience of pain and disability across several conditions. These factors have never been collectively examined in vulvodynia. We predicted that distress, fatigue, illness perceptions, and cognitive-behavioural factors would be associated with pain severity and interference among women with vulvodynia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065347/on-the-backs-of-giants-the-evolution-of-biofeedback-in-the-treatment-of-vulvodynia
#16
Amy Stein, Sara K Sauder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062309/a-local-inflammatory-renin-angiotensin-system-drives-sensory-axon-sprouting-in-provoked-vestibulodynia
#17
Zhaohui Liao, Anuradha Chakrabarty, Ying Mu, Aritra Bhattacherjee, Martha Goestch, Catherine M Leclair, Peter G Smith
Vestibulodynia is a form of provoked vulvodynia characterized by profound tenderness, hyperinnervation, and frequently inflammation within well-defined areas of the human vestibule. Previous experiments in animal models show that inflammatory hypersensitivity and hyperinnervation occur in concert with establishment of a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Moreover, mechanical hypersensitivity and sensory axon sprouting are prevented by blocking effects of angiotensin II on angiotensin II receptor type 2 (AT2) receptors...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027132/the-mystery-of-vulvodynia-can-it-be-solved
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000024/current-practice-patterns-for-management-of-vulvodynia-in-the-united-states
#19
Lannah L Lua, Yvette Hollette, Prathamesh Parm, Gayle Allenback, Vani Dandolu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the current practice patterns for the management of vulvodynia in the United States (US) and to estimate healthcare costs related to this condition. METHODS: Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters databases for years 2009-2013 were utilized for analysis. The study cohort included women, 18 years or older, with a diagnosis of vulvodynia (ICD-9 625.70), who had been continuously enrolled for 360 days from the date of diagnosis. Measures included the most common prescriptions, primary procedures, associated diagnoses, as well as net healthcare costs...
March 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984345/vulvodynia-what-we-know-and-where-we-should-be-going
#20
REVIEW
Logan M Havemann, David R Cool, Pascal Gagneux, Michael P Markey, Jerome L Yaklic, Rose A Maxwell, Ashvin Iyer, Steven R Lindheim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to review the current nomenclature and literature examining microbiome cytokine, genomic, proteomic, and glycomic molecular biomarkers in identifying markers related to the understanding of the pathophysiology and diagnosis of vulvodynia (VVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized searches of MEDLINE and PubMed were conducted focused on terminology, classification, and "omics" variations of VVD. Specific MESH terms used were VVD, vestibulodynia, metagenomics, vaginal fungi, cytokines, gene, protein, inflammation, glycomic, proteomic, secretomic, and genomic from 2001 to 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
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