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Qingfeng Yang, Yue Wang, Jing Wang, Fangbing Liu, Na Hu, Hanna Pei, Weixia Yang, Zhonghong Li, Yourui Suo, Jianlong Wang
UiO-67, a bifunctional adsorbent, was successfully applied to remove illegal food dyes (Congo red and Malachite green) from aqueous solution. The relevant adsorption conditions were optimized: pH 6, 120 min for contact time, and 10.0 mg L-1 adsorbent dose for Congo red. Adsorption behavior of UiO-67 exhibits a better fitting to pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model. Moreover, the maximum adsorption capacities of Congo red (1236.9 mg g-1 ) and Malachite green (357.3 mg g-1 ) are higher than that of the most reported adsorbents...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Young Dong Yu, Jin Ho Hwang, Young Eun Seo, Byung Do Song, Yeon Soo Jung, Dong Hwan Lee, Sung Kyu Hong, Seok-Soo Byun, Sang Eun Lee, Jong Jin Oh
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ketorolac, a commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) as patient controlled intravenous infusion analgesia (PCIA) for the patients underwent radical cystectomy (RC) due to bladder cancer regarding post-operational indices of recovery. Total seventy patients who underwent radical cystectomy for the treatment of bladder cancer were included in the study. 35 patients received ketorolac as PCIA (NSAIDS group) and 35 patients had morphine infusion as PCIA (morphine group)...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yu-Ri Kang, Hwang-Yong Choi, Jung-Yun Lee, Soo In Jang, Hanna Kang, Jung-Bae Oh, Hae-Dong Jang, Young-In Kwon
Onion ( Allium cepa L.) is widely consumed as food or medicinal plant due to its well-defined health benefits. The antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic effects of onion and its extracts have been reported well. However, very limited information on anti-hyperglycemic effect is available in processed onion extracts. In our previous study, we reported that Amadori rearrangement compounds (ARCs) produced by heat-processing in Korean ginseng can reduce carbohydrate absorption by inhibiting intestinal carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes in both in vitro and in vivo animal models...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Young Hak Roh, Young Do Koh, Jong Oh Kim, Kyu Ho Lee, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pillar pain (deep-seated wrist pain worsened by leaning on the heel of the hand) sometimes occurs after carpal tunnel release (CTR), leading to weakness in the hand and delayed return to work. Increased pain sensitivity has been found to be associated with worse symptoms and poorer treatment response in a number of chronic musculoskeletal conditions, but few studies have investigated the association of pain sensitization with pillar pain after CTR. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is preoperative pain sensitization in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) associated with increased severity of pillar pain after open CTR? (2) What other demographic, electrophysiological, or preoperative clinical characteristics are associated with pillar pain after CTR? METHODS: Over a 35-month period, one surgeon performed 162 open carpal tunnel releases...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Christopher P Tomczyk, Megan Mormile, Megan S Wittenberg, Jody L Langdon, Tamerah N Hunt
CONTEXT:   An estimated 15.3 million adolescent students are enrolled in U.S. high schools, with approximately 7.8 million participating in athletics. Researchers have examined various demographics in high school athletes; however, athletic participation may play a larger role in test performance than previously thought. Currently, investigations of concussion assessment may rely on uninjured athletes as controls. However, due to the intense nature of athletics, this may not be an appropriate practice...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Matthew C Hernandez, Brandon R Bruns, Nadeem Haddad, Margaret Lauerman, David S Morris, Kristen Arnold, Herb A Phelan, David Turay, Jason Murry, John S Oh, Toby Enniss, Matthew M Carrick, Thomas M Scalea, Martin Zielinski
INTRODUCTION: Threatened, perforated, and infarcted bowel is managed with conventional resection and anastomosis (hand sewn (HS) or stapled (ST)). The SHAPES analysis demonstrated equivalence between HS and ST techniques, yet surgeons appeared to prefer (HS) for the critically ill. We hypothesized that HS is more frequent in patients with higher disease severity as measured by the AAST EGS grading system. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of the SHAPES database...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Simona Delle Monache, Patrizia Di Fulvio, Ester Iannetti, Luca Valerii, Ludovica Capone, Maria Giovanna Nespoli, Mauro Bologna, Adriano Angelucci
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone targeting several tissues and is involved in basic homeostatic processes, including bone mineralization, immune response and muscle strength. Although hypovitaminosis D is common in Europe and North America, representing a risk factor for several chronic diseases, the contribution of factors other than sun exposure is largely underestimated. METHODS: In our study, we retrospectively collected data from medical records of women with age between 19 and 80 screened in Central Italy (42°N) for increased risk of metabolic syndrome...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Won-Sang Cho, Jeong Eun Kim, Sukh Que Park, Jun Kyeung Ko, Dae-Won Kim, Jung Cheol Park, Je Young Yeon, Seung Young Chung, Joonho Chung, Sung-Pil Joo, Gyojun Hwang, Deog Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Kyu-Sun Choi, Sung Ho Lee, Seung Hun Sheen, Hyun-Seung Kang, Byung Moon Kim, Hee-Joon Bae, Chang Wan Oh, Hyeon Seon Park
Despite advancements in treating ruptured cerebral aneurysms, an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is still a grave cerebrovascular disease associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Based on the literature published to date, worldwide academic and governmental committees have developed clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to propose standards for disease management in order to achieve the best treatment outcomes for aSAHs. In 2013, the Korean Society of Cerebrovascular Surgeons issued a Korean version of the CPGs for aSAHs...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Judy Keefe, Kathy Cern, Sharon Wiita, Amy Raubenolt, Elizabeth Atkins
Disaster preparedness has come to the forefront for hospitals since the 9/11 attacks in 2001. Many improvements have been made in emergency management and planning for catastrophic events. Both urban and community hospitals have the same responsibilities and commitments to their patients and communities. When the announcement was made that the 2016 Republican National Convention was going to be held in Cleveland, OH, Cleveland Clinic Akron General (CCAG) had to be confident in its abilities to handle any situation that might arise not just as a community hospital but also as a Level I trauma center...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Anand Chandrasekhar, Chang-Sei Kim, Mohammed Naji, Keerthana Natarajan, Jin-Oh Hahn, Ramakrishna Mukkamala
High blood pressure (BP) is a major cardiovascular risk factor that is treatable, yet hypertension awareness and control rates are low. Ubiquitous BP monitoring technology could improve hypertension management, but existing devices require an inflatable cuff and are not compatible with such anytime, anywhere measurement of BP. We extended the oscillometric principle, which is used by most automatic cuff devices, to develop a cuff-less BP monitoring device using a smartphone. As the user presses her/his finger against the smartphone, the external pressure of the underlying artery is steadily increased while the phone measures the applied pressure and resulting variable-amplitude blood volume oscillations...
March 7, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Joohyun Kim, Hye Jin Kam, Yu Rang Park, Soyoung Yoo, Ji Seon Oh, Young-Hak Kim, Jae-Ho Lee
Objectives: Developments in advanced technology have unlocked an era of smart health, transforming healthcare practices inside and outside hospitals for both medical staff and patients. It is now possible for patients to collect detailed health data using smartphones and wearable devices, regardless of their physical location or time zone. The use of these patient-generated data holds great promise for future healthcare advancements in many ways; however, current strategies for smart-health technologies tend to focus on the smartness of the technology itself and on managing a particular disease or condition...
January 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
Sung Wook Kim, Joo Suk Oh, Jungtaek Park, Hyun Ho Jeong, Ji Hoon Kim, Jung Hee Wee, Sang Hoon Oh, Seung Pill Choi, Kyu Nam Park
OBJECTIVES: The absence of N20 somatosensory evoked potential after cardiac arrest is related to poor outcome. However, discrimination between the low-amplitude and the absence of N20 is challenging. P25 and P30 are short-latency positive peaks with latencies between 25 and 30 ms following N20 (P25/30). P25/30 is evident even with an ambiguous N20 in patients with good outcome. Therefore, we evaluated the predictive value of P25/30 after cardiac arrest. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study...
March 1, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Jim Bartley, Jeff Garrett, Carlos A Camargo, Robert Scragg, Alain Vandal, Rose Sisk, David Milne, Ray Tai, Gene Jeon, Ray Cursons, Conroy Wong
Vitamin D supplementation prevents acute respiratory infections and, through modulating innate and adaptive immunity, could have a potential role in bronchiectasis management. The primary aims of this pilot study were to assess serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in New Zealand adults with bronchiectasis, and their 25(OH)D levels after vitamin D3 supplementation. Adults with bronchiectasis received an initial 2.5 mg vitamin D3 oral loading dose and 0.625 mg vitamin D3 weekly for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was serum 25(OH)D levels before and after vitamin D3 supplementation...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Francesca Gimigliano, Antimo Moretti, Alessandro de Sire, Dario Calafiore, Giovanni Iolascon
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that overweight and obese individuals have an increased risk to develop vitamin D deficiency, commonly associated with poor muscle performance. The relationship among fat mass, vitamin D status, and skeletal muscle is still debated. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of the combination of hypovitaminosis D and overweight on muscle mass and strength, and physical performance in post-menopausal women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited post-menopausal women referring to a physiatric outpatient service for the management of osteoporosis over a 36-month period...
February 27, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Jin-Taek Kim, Suhn-Yeop Kim, Duck-Won Oh
This case report demonstrates the effects of a scapular stabilization exercise program for managing the clinical symptoms of scapular dyskinesis in an archer presenting joint noise during shoulder movement. A 31-year-old man with a 20-year career in archery who complained of scapular dyskinesis and joint noise during shoulder movement was referred for proper management. The player performed the scapular stabilization exercise program, with an emphasis on strengthening scapular stabilizers and neutralization of scapular position, for 40 min, three times per week for 8 weeks (a total of 24 sessions)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Michelle A Ingram, M Beatrix Jones, Welma Stonehouse, Paul Jarrett, Robert Scragg, Owen Mugridge, Pamela R von Hurst
Purpose The management of psoriasis remains a challenge for dermatologist and patient. This study aimed to determine whether vitamin D3 supplementation improves psoriasis compared to placebo. Materials and methods In a randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 101 participants ≥18 years with psoriasis were grouped by severity and allocated to 100,000 International Units (IU) vitamin D3 /month for 12 months (200,000 IU at baseline; n = 67) or an identical placebo (n = 34). Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and serum 25(OH)D concentrations were assessed at 3-monthly intervals...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Hyung Ki Moon, Jinhee Jang, Kyu Nam Park, Soo Hyun Kim, Byung Kook Lee, Sang Hoon Oh, Kyung Woon Jeung, Seung Pill Choi, In Soo Cho, Chun Song Youn
INTRODUCTION: Predicting neurologic outcomes after cardiac arrest (CA) is challenging. This study tested the hypothesis that a quantitative analysis of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) using the FMRIB Software Library (FSL) can predict neurologic outcomes after CA and can clarify the optimal apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) thresholds for predicting poor neurologic outcomes. METHODS: Out-of-hospital CA patients treated with targeted temperature management (TTM) who underwent DWI were included in this study...
February 21, 2018: Resuscitation
Sisi Cao, Xiao-Li Dong, Ming-Xian Ho, Wen-Xuan Yu, Ka-Chun Wong, Xin-Sheng Yao, Man-Sau Wong
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a triterpenoid with reported bone anti-resorption activities. The present study aimed to characterize its bone protective effects in vivo and to study its effects on vitamin D metabolism, both in vivo and in vitro. OA significantly increased bone mineral density, improved micro-architectural properties, reduced urinary Ca excretion, increased 1,25(OH)₂D₃ and renal CYP27B1 mRNA expression in mature C57BL/6 ovariectomised (OVX) mice. OA also improved bone properties, Ca balance, and exerted modulatory effects on renal CYP27B1 and CYP24A1 expressions in aged normal female Sprague-Dawley rats...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
Sung Yoon Park, Su-Jin Shin, Nam Hoon Cho, Dae Chul Jung, Koon Ho Rha, Woong Kyu Han, Young Taik Oh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate CT criteria for achieving high positive predictive value (PPV) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with solid small renal masses (SRMs) less than 4 cm without macroscopic fat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty consecutive patients with a solid SRM without macroscopic fat (mean size ± SD, 2.5 ± 0.8 cm) who underwent CT including unenhanced, corticomedullary (CMP), and nephrographic phases (NP) were evaluated...
February 22, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Ji Min Oh, Senthilkumar Kalimuthu, Prakash Gangadaran, Se Hwan Baek, Liya Zhu, Ho Won Lee, Ramya Lakshmi Rajendran, Chae Moon Hong, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Jaetae Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn
Radioactive-iodine (RAI) therapy is typically unprevailing as anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) management, owing to the decrease in the endogenous sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression. Therefore, new strategies for NIS re-induction are required to improve the efficacy of RAI therapy in ATC. In this study, we developed a novel high-throughput NIS enhancer screening platform using a dual reporter gene system to identify a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and selected a new hit compound, K905-0266 TKI...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
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