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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806650/floating-rice-culture-system-for-nutrient-remediation-and-feed-production-in-a-eutrophic-lake
#1
Ankita Srivastava, Seong-Jun Chun, So-Ra Ko, Junhwan Kim, Chi-Yong Ahn, Hee-Mock Oh
The increased inputs of nutrients have been demonstrated to be a major contributing factor to the eutrophication of lakes and reservoirs which can lead to the production of harmful algal/cyanobacterial blooms and deleteriously affect the aesthetics of water-bodies. Floating plant-culture systems have been widely used for the ecological remediation of eutrophic water in a cost-effective manner. We investigated the applicability of Korean japonica rice variety 'Nampyeong' in a floating-culture system in a eutrophic lake for nutrient uptake and biomass production...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804814/factors-associated-with-cardiovascular-target-organ-damage-in-children-after-renal-transplantation
#2
Bianca Borchert-Mörlins, Daniela Thurn, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Anja K Büscher, Jun Oh, Tanja Kier, Elena Bauer, Sabrina Baig, Nele Kanzelmeyer, Markus J Kemper, Rainer Büscher, Anette Melk
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the second-most common cause of death in pediatric renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate subclinical cardiovascular target organ damage defined as the presence of arterio- and atherosclerotic lesions and cardiac remodeling and to analyze contributing risk factors in a large cohort of children after renal transplantation (RT). METHODS: A total of 109 children aged 13.1 ± 3.3 years who had undergone RT at one of three German transplant centers were enrolled in this study...
August 13, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802745/circumferential-bone-grafting-around-an-absorbable-gelatin-sponge-core-reduced-the-amount-of-grafted-bone-in-the-induced-membrane-technique-for-critical-size-defects-of-long-bones
#3
Jae-Woo Cho, Jinil Kim, Won-Tae Cho, Jin-Kak Kim, Jong Hoon Song, Hyung-Jin Kim, Alain C Masquelet, Jong-Keon Oh
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to introduce a circumferential bone graft around an absorbable gelatin sponge core using an induced membrane technique, to assess its ability to reduce the required amount of graft and to maintain the bone graft, and to evaluate the clinical outcomes in the management of critical-size bone defects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Circumferential bone grafting using a staged induced membrane technique for managing critical-size bone defects was performed in 21 patients...
August 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800671/-outcomes-of-planned-out-of-hospital-and-low-risk-hospital-births-in-lower-saxony
#4
Antje Petersen, Lea-Marie Köhler, Christiane Schwarz, Bernhard Vaske, Mechthild M Gross
Introduction Internationally, there is debate on the safety of different birth settings inside and outside of hospitals. Low-risk women in Germany can choose where they give birth, and out-of-hospital births are especially necessary in regions lacking infrastructure. To date, national studies are required. Materials and Methods We investigated planned out-of-hospital (OH) and hospital births in Lower Saxony, Germany, in 2005. Women with a singleton fetus in the vertex position were included once they reached 34+0 gestational weeks...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789855/a-new-method-for-stabilizing-the-columellar-strut-used-in-rhinoplasty-the-trans-septal-columellar-stabilizing-suture
#5
Jae Yong Jeong, Hyeokjae Kwon, Yibo Piao, Sang-Ha Oh
PURPOSE: Minimal deformity or instability after columellar strut graft (CSG) placement can be solved by placing a suture between the columella strut and the caudal septum, such as a medial crura anchor suture or a projection control suture. However, this is very tedious. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A trans-septal columellar stabilizing suture (TCSS) was developed for the management of final tip projection and location and increasing stability after CSG placement. RESULTS: Tip projection and rotation could be carefully controlled by changing the position of the TCSS...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771598/impacts-of-leachates-from-livestock-carcass-burial-and-manure-heap-sites-on-groundwater-geochemistry-and-microbial-community-structure
#6
Man Jae Kwon, Seong-Taek Yun, Baknoon Ham, Jeong-Ho Lee, Jun-Seop Oh, Weon-Wha Jheong
We investigated the impacts of leachates from a swine carcass burial site and a cow manure heap on the geochemical and microbiological properties of agricultural water samples, including leachate, groundwater from monitoring wells and background wells, and stream water. The leachate from the livestock burial site showed extremely high electrical conductivity, turbidity, and major ion concentrations, but low redox potential and dissolved oxygen levels. The groundwater in the monitoring wells adjacent to both sites showed severe contamination from the leachate, as indicated by the increases in EC, turbidity, Cl-, and SO42-...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768231/case-report-of-successful-partial-splenectomy-for-a-splenic-abscess-in-a-paediatric-patient
#7
Saleem Ahmed, Han Boon Oh, Dale Lincoln Loh Ser Kheng, Prabhakaran Krishnan
INTRODUCTION: Splenic abscess (SA) is a rare potentially fatal condition in the paediatric population. It is difficult to diagnose given its non-specific presentation. There are no current guidelines for management of SA in this population but splenic preservation is advantageous given the vital role the spleen plays in immunity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 15-year-old boy with a large splenic abscess. He underwent successful partial splenectomy with resolution of his symptoms thereafter...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766960/the-acceptable-criteria-of-stone-burden-and-the-significant-factors-to-choose-retrograde-intrarenal-stone-surgery-or-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-the-treatment-of-renal-stones-10-mm
#8
Juhyun Park, Sohee Oh, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Hyeon Jeong, Chang Wook Jeong, Jong Jin Oh, Sung Yong Cho
Objective We investigated the surgical efficiency and cut-off criteria to determine whether retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) or supine miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) is appropriate for managing renal stones with a mean size > 10 mm. Materials and Methods Data of a single session RIRS or supine MPCNL was collected in a prospective, observational study. Change point analysis with a cumulative sum of ordered value of fragmentation efficiency and stone size was used to detect the point at which the statistical properties of a sequence of observation changes...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764845/impaired-calcium-sensing-distinguishes-primary-hyperparathyroidism-phpt-patients-with-low-bone-mineral-density
#9
Thomas J Weber, James Koh, Samantha M Thomas, Joyce A Hogue, Randall P Scheri, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
CONTEXT: A subset of PHPT patients exhibit a more severe disease phenotype characterized by bone loss, fractures, recurrent nephrolithiasis, and other dysfunctions, but the underlying reasons for this disparity in clinical presentation remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify new mechanistic indices that could inform more personalized management of PHPT. DESIGN: Pre-, peri-, and postoperative data and demographic, clinical, and pathological information from patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for PHPT were collected...
September 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759835/characterizing-the-reproductive-biology-of-the-female-pygmy-hippopotamus-choeropsis-liberiensis-through-non-invasive-endocrine-monitoring
#10
Gabriella L Flacke, Franz Schwarzenberger, Linda M Penfold, Susan L Walker, Graeme B Martin, Robert Peter Millar, Monique C J Paris
The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) is endangered in the wild and very little is known about its reproductive biology. In zoological facilities, this species experiences a number of reproductive issues that complicate breeding management, including a high rate of stillbirths and failure of many pairs to reproduce. We conducted a comprehensive study to evaluate reproductive cycles and pregnancy in this species using enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for fecal hormone metabolite analysis. Fresh fecal samples were collected twice weekly for a one to three year period from 36 female pygmy hippos housed at 24 zoological institutions...
July 19, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756013/5-or-and-20-o-alkyl-2-3-dehydrosilybins-synthesis-and-biological-profiles-on-prostate-cancer-cell-models
#11
Bao Vue, Xiaojie Zhang, Timmy Lee, Nandini Nair, Sheng Zhang, Guanglin Chen, Qiang Zhang, Shilong Zheng, Guangdi Wang, Qiao-Hong Chen
To investigate the effects of alkylation at 5-OH and 20-OH of 2,3-dehydrosilybin on prostate cancer cell proliferation, the synthetic approaches to 5- or/and 20-O-alkyl-2,3-dehydrosilybins, through a multi-step sequence from commercially available silybin, have been successfully developed. The first three reactions in the syntheses were completed through a one-pot procedure by managing anaerobic and aerobic conditions. With these synthetic methods in hand, twenty-one 2,3-dehydrosilybins, including seven 20-O-alkyl, seven 5,20-O-dialkyl, and seven 5-O-alkyl-2,3-dehydrosilybins, have been achieved for the evaluation of their biological profiles...
July 20, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752391/clinical-dissection-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy
#12
Eunjeong Kang, Shin Hye Yoo, Doyeun Oh, Kwon Wook Joo, Yon Su Kim, Sung-Soo Yoon, Inho Kim, Seonyang Park, Hajeong Lee, Youngil Koh
Differential treatment strategies are applied in thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) according to the sub-classifications. Hence, it is worthwhile to overview clinical manifestations and outcomes of overall TMA patients according to sub-classifications. We analyzed TMA patients whose serum lactate dehydrogenase levels >250 IU/L, with the presence of schistocytes in their peripheral blood smear, or with typical vascular pathologic abnormalities in their renal biopsy. We compared clinical manifestations including overall survival (OS) and renal survival according to TMA causes...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751138/prognostic-factors-of-hearing-outcome-in-untreated-vestibular-schwannomas-implication-of-subdivision-of-their-growth-by-volumetric-analysis
#13
Jin-Deok Joo, Se Jin Oh, Young-Hoon Kim, Jung Ho Han, Byoung Yoon Choi, Ja-Won Koo, Chae-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: Conservative wait-and-scan management for vestibular schwannomas (VSs) is an important treatment option, but its role is unclear because of discordance between tumor growth and hearing outcomes. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective analysis of 97 patients with sporadic VSs who were followed-up without treatment between 2003 and 2012. Tumor volume was measured by three-dimensional volumetry at each follow-up visit. The median follow-up duration was 47 months (range, 13-122 months)...
July 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751054/the-role-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-nt-probnp-and-inferior-vena-cava-sonography-in-the-assessment-of-body-fluid-volume-in-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#14
Hulya Nalcacioglu, Ozan Ozkaya, Kemal Baysal, Hassan Candas Kafali, Bahattin Avci, Demet Tekcan, Gurkan Genc
BACKGROUND: Assessment of volume status and differentiating "underfill" and "overfill" edema is essential in the management of patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS). OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate the volume status of NS patients by using different methods and to investigate the utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in children with NS. METHODS: The hydration status of 19 patients with NS (before treatment of NS and at remission) and 25 healthy controls was assessed by multifrequency BIA, serum N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, left atrium diameter (LAD) and vasoactive hormones...
July 24, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747955/summary-of-the-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-clinical-practice-guideline-revised-in-2014-by-the-korean-academy-of-tuberculosis-and-respiratory-disease
#15
REVIEW
Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Yong-Bum Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in high morbidity and mortality among patients both domestically and globally. The Korean clinical practice guideline for COPD was revised in 2014. It was drafted by the members of the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, as well as participating members of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Korean Physicians' Association, and Korea Respiration Trouble Association. This revised guideline covers a wide range of topics, including the epidemiology, diagnosis, assessment, monitoring, management, exacerbation, and comorbidities of COPD in Korea...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740668/socioeconomic-impact-of-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome
#16
Jinhee Kim, Young Sam Kim, Kyungjoo Kim, Yeon-Mok Oh, Kwang Ha Yoo, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is defined as having both features of asthma and COPD, which are airway hyper-responsiveness and incompletely reversible airway obstruction. However, socioeconomic impact of ACOS have not been well appreciated. METHODS: Adults with available wheezing history and acceptable spirometry were selected from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) in 2007-2009...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728401/research-trends-in-outdoor-pig-production
#17
Hyun-Suk Park, Sang Hyon Oh
Since the industrialization of swine production in the late 1900s, swine farms in the United States, as well as in Europe, have largely become consolidated. Pig farms became larger in size but fewer in number, with 91% of market pigs being produced by large operations with 5,000 or more pigs on-site in the US, and only 3% of the total utilized agricultural land representing organic farming. Such change in the market made it difficult for small farmers to stay competitive, forcing them to find alternative ways to reduce the cost of production and increase profit using the outdoor production system...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719709/prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-using-best-selling-smoking-cessation-book
#18
James P Foshee, Anita Oh, Adam Luginbuhl, Joseph Curry, William Keane, David Cognetti
Our prospective, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the self-help book, The Easy Way to Stop Smoking, by Allen Carr, in promoting smoking cessation in patients with head and neck cancer. We assessed active smokers for their willingness to read a smoking cessation book. Participants were randomized to either receive the book from our department or recommended to purchase the book. All patients received smoking cessation counseling at recruitment. Phone surveys were conducted at short- and long-term intervals to determine if the patients had purchased and/or read the book and whether they were still smoking...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716815/exposure-response-analyses-of-ramucirumab-from-two-randomized-phase-iii-trials-of-second-line-treatment-for-advanced-gastric-or-gastroesophageal-junction-cancer
#19
Josep Tabernero, Atsushi Ohtsu, Kei Muro, Eric Van Cutsem, Sang Cheul Oh, György Bodoky, Yasuhiro Shimada, Shuichi Hironaka, Jaffer A Ajani, Jiri Tomasek, Howard Safran, Kumari Chandrawansa, Yanzhi Hsu, Michael Heathman, Azhar Khan, Lan Ni, Allen S Melemed, Ling Gao, David Ferry, Charles S Fuchs
Ramucirumab is an IgG1 monoclonal antibody specific for the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. Ramucirumab, 8 mg/kg every two weeks, administered as monotherapy (REGARD) or in combination with paclitaxel (RAINBOW), was safe and effective in patients with previously treated advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. We evaluated exposure-efficacy and exposure-safety relationships of ramucirumab from two randomized, placebo-controlled phase III trials. Sparse pharmacokinetic samples were collected and a population pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted to predict ramucirumab minimum trough concentration at steady-state (Cmin,ss)...
July 17, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715296/a-self-determination-theory-based-self-myofascial-release-program-in-older-adults-with-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-neck-and-back-a-pilot-study
#20
Minyoung Lee, Minhee Kim, Sejun Oh, Yoon-Jin Choi, Dongshin Lee, Sang Heon Lee, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and adherence to a self-determination theory (SDT)-based self-myofascial release (SMR) program in older adults with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), and to investigate the factors that influence participant behavioral change while conducting the program in a home setting. METHODS: An explanatory mixed-method design was used to evaluate a 12-week SDT-based SMR program, including a 4-week group-based education and practice (EP) phase and an 8-week home-based self-management (SM) phase...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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