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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149951/predictive-factors-of-renal-adaptation-after-nephrectomy-in-kidney-donors
#1
H J Kwon, D H Kim, H R Jang, S-H Jung, D H Han, H H Sung, J B Park, J E Lee, W Huh, S J Kim, Y-G Kim, D J Kim, H Y Oh
BACKGROUND: Despite compensatory hyperfiltration in remaining nephrons following donor nephrectomy, some donors show impaired renal adaptation and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We investigated the factors predicting early renal adaptation after nephrectomy and identified kidney donors at risk of inadequate renal adaptation. METHODS: A total of 265 living kidney donors from 2010 to 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Renal function was serially followed for 6 months after the operation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#2
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144098/correlation-between-plasmatic-levels-of-vitamin-d-and-pasi-score-our-experience-and-mini-review-of-the-literature
#3
Carlo Mattozzi, Giovanni Paolino, Monica Salvi, Laura Macaluso, Marco Scarno', Gaetano DE Vita, Stefano Calvieri, Antonio G Richetta
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory, chronic, relapsing skin disease. The pathogenesis is multifactorial and it is involved both innate and acquired immunity. Several studies have shown the important role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of this disorder. In this study we have evaluated a possible correlation between vitamin D and clinical severity of psoriasis calculated with PASI score. METHODS: In this case control study we included 141 Caucasian subjects affected by moderate to severe psoriasis and 62 healthy controls...
November 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142842/prevention-and-management-of-bleeding-in-thyroid-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Gabriele Materazzi, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Lorenzo Fregoli, Luigi De Napoli, Gianluca Frustaci, Valeria Matteucci, Piermarco Papini, Sohail Bakkar, Paolo Miccoli
Post-thyroidectomy neck hematoma represents a major concern for surgeons because it can result in severe and even life-threatening complications. In fact, postoperative hemorrhage may result in airway compression and respiratory distress, and therefore, effective hemostasis is an important goal in thyroid surgery. Postoperative hematoma occurs at a rate of approximately 0.1% to 1.1%. Almost all cases occur in the first 6 h after surgery and can be the result of several surgeon or patient factors. For many years the clamp-and-tie technique has been the most common way to divide the main vascular pedicles of the thyroid gland...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136192/assessing-the-hydration-status-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-on-dialysis-a-comparison-of-techniques
#5
Caroline S Y Eng, Devina Bhowruth, Mark Mayes, Lynsey Stronach, Michelle Blaauw, Amy Barber, Lesley Rees, Rukshana C Shroff
Background: Fluid balance is pivotal in the management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and on dialysis. Although many techniques are available to assess fluid status, there are only a few studies for children, of which none have been comparable against cardiovascular outcome measures. Methods: We performed a longitudinal study in 30 children with CKD5-5D and 13 age-matched healthy controls (71 measurements) to determine a correlation between optimal weight by bioimpedance spectroscopy (Wt-BIS) and clinical assessment (Wt-CA)...
November 9, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136033/sun-exposure-in-pigs-increases-the-vitamin-d-nutritional-quality-of-pork
#6
D Enette Larson-Meyer, Bennett C Ingold, Samanta R Fensterseifer, Kathleen J Austin, Perry J Wechsler, Bruce W Hollis, Andrew J Makowski, Brenda M Alexander
There is a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency worldwide likely because of both limited sun-exposure and inadequate dietary intake. Meat, including pork, is not typically considered a dietary source of vitamin D, possibly because of management practices that raise pigs in confinement. This experiment determined the vitamin D content of loin and subcutaneous adipose tissue in sun-exposed finisher pigs. Two separate groups of pigs were used. The first group (28 white Landrace-Duroc) was assigned at random to either sunlight exposure (SUN) in spring and summer or confinement per standard practice (Control)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135537/status-and-perception-of-risk-management-in-radiation-therapy-survey-among-korean-medical-physicists
#7
Sohyun Ahn, Dong Oh Shin, Sang Hyoun Choi, Jihye Koo, Soon Sung Lee, Dong-Wook Park, Yoon-Jin Oh, Sohyun Park, Dong Wook Kim
This study was conducted as part of an endeavor to improve the risk management system of radiation therapy departments in the Republic of Korea. An online survey on the status and perception of Korea's medical physicists on risk management in radiation therapy was carried out. A total of 40 domestic radiation oncology departments participated. This survey is divided into three categories: (1) work environment; (2) risk management status; and (3) opinions on how to improve risk management. Based on the results of the survey, the conclusions that can be derived are (1) the majority of respondents have a high interest in the risk management of radiation therapy; (2) the lack of staffing is one cause of risk management difficulties; (3) a risk-related terminology and classification system at the national or professional association level are required; (4) each hospital should create a voluntary reporting system for the handling of incidents; (5) medical physicists should establish incident reporting, analysis and countermeasures; and (6) government should develop education and training programs...
November 10, 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124954/practicality-of-using-the-figure-of-eight-bandage-to-prevent-fatal-wound-dehiscence-after-spinal-tumor-surgery-for-upper-thoracic-metastasis
#8
Dong Kwang Seo, Jin-Hoon Park, Sun Kyu Oh, Yongchel Ahn, Sang Ryong Jeon
OBJECT: Serious postoperative wound problems can frequently develop after surgery with perioperative RT for upper thoracic metastatic lesions. The figure-of-eight bandage can restrict excessive shoulder motion, which could prevent wound dehiscence. The purpose of this study was to describe the efficacy of using the figure-of-eight bandage to prevent postoperative wound dehiscence. METHODS: Between February 2005 and July 2015, we retrospectively evaluated the medical records of cancer patients who underwent surgery with or without RT for spinal metastasis involving the upper thoracic spine...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124026/risk-factors-for-pneumonia-in-ventilated-trauma-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#9
Hyun Oh Park, Dong Hoon Kang, Seong Ho Moon, Jun Ho Yang, Sung Hwan Kim, Joung Hun Byun
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common disease that may contribute to morbidity and mortality among trauma patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study evaluated the associations between trauma factors and the development of VAP in ventilated patients with multiple rib fractures. Methods: We retrospectively and consecutively evaluated 101 patients with multiple rib fractures who were ventilated and managed at our hospital between January 2010 and December 2015, analyzing the associations between VAP and trauma factors in these patients...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122225/-web-visit-patterns-for-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-dependence
#10
Fernando Suárez-Obando, Carlos Gómez Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are a set of recommendations for professionals, patients, and families, in order to make decisions about health care. The CPG respond to the need for concise, accurate, practical, and up to date information. In the field of mental health, Colombia has developed three GPC; alcohol (GPC-OH), depression (GPC-TDA), and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Web Portal traffic related to psychiatry guidelines, with emphasis on the number of visits, distribution throughout Colombian cities, and estimating user behaviour patterns...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112004/anastomotic-leak-does-not-impact-oncologic-outcomes-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#11
Jae Hyuck Jang, Hee Cheol Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Yoon Ah Park, Yong Beom Cho, Seong Hyeon Yun, Woo Yong Lee, Jeong Il Yu, Hee Chul Park, Young Suk Park, Joon Oh Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of anastomotic leakage, local recurrence, and overall survival in rectal cancer patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and curative resection. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between anastomotic leakage and oncologic outcomes after preoperative CRT. METHODS: A total of 698 consecutive primary rectal cancer patients after preoperative CRT between April 19, 2000, and December 27, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111175/recognizing-symptom-burden-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-global-patient-and-caregiver-survey
#12
Lawrence Drudge-Coates, William K Oh, Bertrand Tombal, Anthony Delacruz, Brian Tomlinson, Aimee Vella Ripley, Ken Mastris, Joe M O'Sullivan, Neal D Shore
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases in men with prostate cancer are often initially asymptomatic, resulting in delayed identification, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment. To assess how patients with advanced prostate cancer (aPC) communicate symptoms to health care providers, an international patient survey was conducted. METHODS: An online and phone survey was conducted by Harris Poll in 11 countries (Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States) from February 12 to October 27, 2015, in men with aPC (ie, those who reported as having PC beyond the prostate [metastatic]) and their caregivers...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106663/stress-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-of-acute-treatment-for-chronic-migraine-a-multicenter-study
#13
Myoung-Jin Cha, Byung-Kun Kim, Heui-Soo Moon, Jin-Young Ahn, Kyungmi Oh, Jee Young Kim, Byung-Su Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jae-Myun Chung, Tae-Jin Song, Jiyoung Kim, Jong-Geun Seo, Min Kyung Chu, Soo-Jin Cho
Background: Chronic migraine (CM) is associated with severe psychological symptoms and disabilities. Information on the relationship between stress and the outcomes of acute CM treatment is limited. Methods: We evaluated the clinical presentation and stress levels of patients with CM who visited the neurology departments of 14 hospitals between September and December 2015. The patients were divided into stress and reference groups on the basis of the Korean version of the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K)...
November 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096675/the-impact-of-sex-and-age-on-neurological-outcomes-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-with-targeted-temperature-management
#14
Sang Hoon Oh, Kyu Nam Park, Jeeyong Lim, Seung Pill Choi, Joo Suk Oh, In Soo Cho, Byung Kook Lee, Yong Hwan Kim, Young-Min Kim, Han Joon Kim, Chun Song Youn, Soo Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding sex-based differences in the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, and whether the specific sex advantage is age-specific remains unclear. We assessed the impact of the interactions between sex and age on the neurological outcomes of OHCA patients receiving targeted temperature management (TTM). METHODS: Data collected from 2007 to 2012 for a multicenter, registry-based study of the Korean Hypothermia Network were analyzed...
November 2, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089657/ovariohysterectomy-requires-more-post-operative-analgesia-than-orchiectomy-in-dogs-and-cats
#15
Carolina Quarterone, Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna, Nadia Crosignani, Flávia Augusta de Oliveira, Carlize Lopes, Alfredo Feio da Maia Lima, Antonio Jose de Araújo Aguiar
The requirement for post-operative analgesia after ovariohysterectomy (OH) versus orchiectomy in dogs and cats was compared. Twelve male and 12 female cats and 12 male and 12 female dogs received meloxicam, 0.1 mg/kg body weight, PO, 2 h before surgery. Eleven female cats and 3 female dogs received rescue analgesia (P = 0.002). No male of either species required rescue analgesia. The number of cats receiving rescue analgesia was greater in females than in males (P < 0.0001). One should not rely solely on preoperative short-acting opioid and preemptive use of NSAIDs to control postoperative pain following OH, in dogs or cats...
November 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080636/genetic-diseases-of-vitamin-d-metabolizing-enzymes
#16
REVIEW
Glenville Jones, Marie Laure Kottler, Karl Peter Schlingmann
Vitamin D metabolism involves 3 highly specific cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes (25-hydroxylase, 1α-hydroxylase, and 24-hydroxylase) involved in the activation of vitamin D3 to the hormonal form, 1,25-(OH)2D3, and the inactivation of 1,25-(OH)2D3 to biliary excretory products. Mutations of the activating enzymes CYP2R1 and CYP27B1 cause lack of normal 1,25-(OH)2D3 synthesis and result in rickets whereas mutations of the inactivating enzyme CYP24A1 cause build-up of excess 1,25-(OH)2D3 and result in hypercalcemia, nephrolithiasis, and nephrocalcinosis...
December 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079113/laparoscopic-versus-open-hepatectomy-approach-for-regional-hepatolithiasis-a-meta-analysis
#17
Hui Jiang, Ou Jiang, Xianming Xia, Song Su, Bo Li
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to compare laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) with open hepatectomy (OH) approach in patients with regional hepatolithiasis (RHL) using meta-analytical techniques. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies comparing LH and OH in the management of RHL. Operative parameters, postoperative outcomes, and postoperative complications were evaluated. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manage Version 5...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071108/the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-serum-25-oh-vitamin-d-levels-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
A Kalani, H Bami, M Tiboni, R Jaeschke, J D Adachi, A N Lau
BACKGROUND: Concerns have emerged about post-operative decreases in calcium and vitamin D following bariatric surgery. This review explores changes in metabolic bone health in persons with obesity undergoing gastric bypass surgery compared to non-surgical controls, providing an updated and comprehensive perspective on the literature. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases to 8 November 2016. Eligible trials included randomized controlled trials or controlled observational studies of patients who have undergone laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery...
September 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055733/qx-oh-levobupivacaine-fixed-dose-combination-to-provide-a-long-acting-postoperative-pain-of-knee-surgery-in-rodents
#19
WenLing Zhao, Jun Yang, YuJun Zhang, Jin Liu, WenSheng Zhang
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed procedure, anesthetic efficacy in post-surgical pain remains an issue. Exparel (45mM liposome bupivacaine), a relatively long-acting local anesthetic, has shown efficacy in blocking peripheral nerve or periarticular infiltration to achieve better post-TKA analgesia. In the present work, we tested whether a fixed-dose combination of QX-OH (35mM) and levobupivacaine (10mM) (QX-OH/LB) could confer longer-lasting pain relief and reduce periarticular tissue toxicity compared to liposome bupivacaine (45mM) after TKA operation...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050684/comparison-of-accuracy-of-one-use-methods-for-calculating-fractional-flow-reserve-by-intravascular-optical-coherence-tomography-to-that-determined-by-the-pressure-wire-method
#20
Sun-Joo Jang, Jung-Min Ahn, Boyoung Kim, Ji-Min Gu, Hyung Jin Sung, Seung-Jung Park, Wang-Yuhl Oh
Although the identification of the hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions becomes important for revascularization strategy, the potential role of 3-dimensional high-resolution intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting functional significance of coronary lesions remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic performance of 2 computational approaches for deriving fractional flow reserve (FFR) from intravascular OCT images. We developed 2 methods to derive FFR-OCT by AFD (FFR-OCTAFD) and FFR-OCT by CFD (FFR-OCTCFD)...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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