keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

On field

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356442/detrimental-interactions-of-neonicotinoid-pesticide-exposure-and-bumblebee-immunity
#1
Mitchell Andrew Czerwinski, Ben Michael Sadd
Pesticides are well known to have a number of ecological effects. However, it is only now becoming understood that sublethal exposures may have effects on nontarget insects of conservation concern through interactions with immunity, thus increasing detrimental impacts in the presence of pathogens. Pesticides and pathogens are suggested to have played a role in recent declines of several wild bee pollinators. Compromised immunity from exposure to widely used neonicotinoids has been demonstrated in honeybees, but further research on interactions between neonicotinoids and immunity in other important bees is lacking...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356429/the-effects-of-incubation-temperature-and-experimental-design-on-heart-rates-of-lizard-embryos
#2
Austin C Hulbert, Timothy S Mitchell, Joshua M Hall, Cassia M Guiffre, Danielle C Douglas, Daniel A Warner
Many studies of phenotypic plasticity alter environmental conditions during embryonic development, yet only measure phenotypes at the neonatal stage (after embryonic development). However, measuring aspects of embryo physiology enhances our understanding of how environmental factors immediately affect embryos, which aids our understanding of developmental plasticity. While current research on reptile developmental plasticity has demonstrated that fluctuating incubation temperatures affect development differently than constant temperatures, most research on embryo physiology is still performed with constant temperature experiments...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356418/electrolytes-sei-formation-and-binders-a-review-of-nonelectrode-factors-for-sodium-ion-battery-anodes
#3
REVIEW
Clement Bommier, Xiulei Ji
Through intense effort in recent years, knowledge of Na-ion batteries has been advanced significantly, pertaining to electrodes. Often, such progress has been accompanied by using a convenient choice of electrolyte or binder. Nevertheless, it has been witnessed that "external" factors to electrodes, such as electrolytes, solid electrolyte interphase, and binders, affect the functions of electrodes profoundly. And generally, certain types of electrodes favor some electrolytes or binders. With a rapidly increasing number of publications in the area, trends in terms of electrolytes and binders are possibly exploitable...
January 22, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356411/silicon-based-anodes-for-lithium-ion-batteries-from-fundamentals-to-practical-applications
#4
REVIEW
Kun Feng, Matthew Li, Wenwen Liu, Ali Ghorbani Kashkooli, Xingcheng Xiao, Mei Cai, Zhongwei Chen
Silicon has been intensively studied as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIB) because of its exceptionally high specific capacity. However, silicon-based anode materials usually suffer from large volume change during the charge and discharge process, leading to subsequent pulverization of silicon, loss of electric contact, and continuous side reactions. These transformations cause poor cycle life and hinder the wide commercialization of silicon for LIBs. The lithiation and delithiation behaviors, and the interphase reaction mechanisms, are progressively studied and understood...
January 22, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356400/dna-nanostructure-based-systems-for-intelligent-delivery-of-therapeutic-oligonucleotides
#5
REVIEW
Qinqin Hu, Sheng Wang, Lihua Wang, Hongzhou Gu, Chunhai Fan
In the beginning of the 21st century, therapeutic oligonucleotides have shown great potential for the treatment of many life-threatening diseases. However, effective delivery of therapeutic oligonucleotides to the targeted location in vivo remains a major issue. As an emerging field, DNA nanotechnology is applied in many aspects including bioimaging, biosensing, and drug delivery. With sequence programming and optimization, a series of DNA nanostructures can be precisely engineered with defined size, shape, surface chemistry, and function...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356364/the-effect-of-hormone-manipulations-on-sex-ratios-varies-with-environmental-conditions-in-a-turtle-with-temperature-dependent-sex-determination
#6
Daniel A Warner, Timothy S Mitchell, Brooke L Bodensteiner, Fredric J Janzen
Exogenous application of steroids and related substances to eggs affects offspring sex ratios in species with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Laboratory studies demonstrate that this effect is most pronounced near the constant temperature that produces 1:1 sex ratios (i.e., pivotal temperature). However, the impact of such chemicals on sex determination under natural nest temperatures (which fluctuate daily) is unknown, but could provide insight into the relative contributions of these two factors under natural conditions...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356282/manipulating-band-structure-through-reconstruction-of-binary-metal-sulfide-towards-high-performance-eco-friendly-and-cost-efficient-thermoelectrics-in-nanostructured-bi13s18i2
#7
Biao Xu, Tianli Feng, Matthias T Agne, Qing Tan, Zhe Li, Kazuki Imasato, Lin Zhou, Je-Hyeong Bahk, Xiulin Ruan, G Jefferey Snyder, Yue Wu
Dismantling and reconstructing canonical binary compounds by inserting a third agent can significantly modify their electronic and phonon structures. Therefore, it has inspired the semiconductor communities in various fields, such as electronic devices, radiation detectors and solar cells. Introducing this paradigm will potentially revolutionize thermoelectrics as well, which has been largely relying on simple binary compounds for decades. Here via a solution synthesis, we rebuild the eco-friendly and non-expensive Bi2S3 by adding disordered Bi and weakly bonded I...
January 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356255/development-of-an-online-universal-utstein-registry-based-care-practice-report-card-to-improve-out-of-hospital-resuscitation-practices
#8
Valentine Baert, Joséphine Escutnaire, Ziad Nehme, Pierre Mols, Steven Lagadec, Christian Vilhelm, Line Jacob, Eric Wiel, Frédéric Adnet, Hervé Hubert
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Care quality is a primary concern in health field. In France, the care practice report card (CPRC) is compulsory for practitioners. It is the first step towards the culture of excellence. In this context, practitioners have to assess and improve their practices. Competent authorities define registries as reliable sources for CPRC. The first aim of this work is to describe how we designed and built a universally transposable CPRC model based on an Utstein-style cardiac arrest registry...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356212/emerging-strategies-of-cancer-therapy-based-on-ferroptosis
#9
REVIEW
Zheyu Shen, Jibin Song, Bryant C Yung, Zijian Zhou, Aiguo Wu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Ferroptosis, a new form of regulated cell death that is iron- and reactive oxygen species dependent, has attracted much attention in the research communities of biochemistry, oncology, and especially material sciences. Since the first demonstration in 2012, a series of strategies have been developed to induce ferroptosis of cancer cells, including the use of nanomaterials, clinical drugs, experimental compounds, and genes. A plethora of research work has outlined the blueprint of ferroptosis as a new option for cancer therapy...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356197/reference-values-and-changes-in-infant-sleep-wake-behaviour-during-the-first-12%C3%A2-months-of-life-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Cláudia C Dias, Bárbara Figueiredo, Magda Rocha, Tiffany Field
This paper is a systematic review on the reference values and changes in infant sleep-wake behaviour during the first 12 months of life. This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). Seventy-four papers were included, and the reference values and changes in sleep-wake behaviour during the first 12 months of life were identified. Sleep duration during the 24-h period, and day and sleep periods during the night decreased over the first 12 months of life...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356164/tracking-actinic-keratosis-of-face-and-scalp-treated-with-0-015-ingenol-mebutate-to-identify-clinical-and-dermoscopic-predictors-of-treatment-response
#11
R Pampena, E Benati, S Borsari, C Bombonato, M Lombardi, M Raucci, M Mirra, A Lallas, Z Apalla, I Papadimitriou, E Moscarella, A Kyrgidis, G Argenziano, G Pellacani, C Longo
BACKGROUND: Ingenol mebutate (IngMeb) 0.015% gel is an approved field treatment option for non-hyperkeratotic non-hypertrophic actinic keratosis (AKs) of face and scalp. Efficacy of IngMeb has been assessed only on a clinical ground, in the majority of studies. Dermoscopy is a pivotal tool for the diagnosis of AK, while its role in evaluating the response to non-surgical therapies for AK has not been fully defined. OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to determine if some dermoscopic features of AK of the face and scalp areas, may independently predict the response to IngMeb therapy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356145/exploring-anomalous-polarization-dynamics-in-organometallic-halide-perovskites
#12
Mahshid Ahmadi, Liam Collins, Alexander Puretzky, Jia Zhang, Jong Kahk Keum, Wei Lu, Ilia Ivanov, Sergei V Kalinin, Bin Hu
Organometallic halide perovskites (OMHPs) have attracted broad attention as prospective materials for optoelectronic applications. Among the many anomalous properties of these materials, of special interest are the ferroelectric properties including both classical and relaxor-like components, as a potential origin of slow dynamics, field enhancement, and anomalous mobilities. Here, ferroelectric properties of the three representative OMHPs are explored, including FAPbx Sn1-x I3 (x = 0, x = 0.85) and FA0.85 MA0...
January 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356046/a-large-scale-analysis-of-variance-in-written-language
#13
Brendan T Johns, Randall K Jamieson
The collection of very large text sources has revolutionized the study of natural language, leading to the development of several models of language learning and distributional semantics that extract sophisticated semantic representations of words based on the statistical redundancies contained within natural language (e.g., Griffiths, Steyvers, & Tenenbaum, ; Jones & Mewhort, ; Landauer & Dumais, ; Mikolov, Sutskever, Chen, Corrado, & Dean, ). The models treat knowledge as an interaction of processing mechanisms and the structure of language experience...
January 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355906/antibiotic-therapy-for-preventing-infections-in-people-with-acute-stroke
#14
REVIEW
Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Willeke F Westendorp, Diederik Wj Dippel, Diederik van de Beek, Paul J Nederkoorn
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the main cause of disability in high-income countries and ranks second as a cause of death worldwide. Infections occur frequently after stroke and may adversely affect outcome. Preventive antibiotic therapy in the acute phase of stroke may reduce the incidence of infections and improve outcome. In the previous version of this Cochrane Review, published in 2012, we found that antibiotics did reduce the risk of infection but did not reduce the number of dependent or deceased patients...
January 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355904/a-multi-centre-open-investigator-initiated-phase-iv-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-ingenol-mebutate-gel-0-015-on-the-face-and-scalp-and-0-05-on-the-trunk-and-extremities-in-korean-patients-with-actinic-keratosis-perfect
#15
Y C Kim, J Y Yang, J S Yoon, S J Jo, H H Ahn, K-H Song, D-Y Lee, K-Y Chung, Y-H Won, I-H Kim
BACKGROUND: Ingenol mebutate gel is a novel, field-directed topical treatment for actinic keratosis (AK). Most pivotal studies have targeted Western populations. No clinical study has been conducted to investigate its efficacy and safety in Asian populations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ingenol mebutate gel for treating AK of face/scalp and trunk/extremities in a large Asian (Korean) population. METHODS: In this multi-centre, open-label, interventional, parallel group, prospective phase 4 study (PERFECT, NCT02716714), the eligible subjects were allocated into either the face/scalp or the trunk/extremities group, according to their selected treatment area location...
January 20, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355822/mild-prenatal-hypoxia-ischemia-leads-to-social-deficits-and-central-and-peripheral-inflammation-in-exposed-offspring
#16
David J O ' Driscoll, Valeria D Felice, Louise C Kenny, Geraldine B Boylan, Gerard W O'Keeffe
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) resulting from intrauterine or perinatal hypoxic-ischemia (HI) is a leading cause of long-term neonatal neurodisability. While most studies of long-term outcome have focused on moderate and severe HIE in term infants, recent work has shown that those with mild HIE may have subtle neurological impairments. However, the impact of mild HI on pre-term infants is much less clear given that pre-term birth is itself a risk factor for neurodisability. Here we show that mild HI insult alters behaviour, inflammation and the corticosterone stress response in a rat model of pre-term HIE...
January 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355787/the-potential-and-perils-of-prognosticating-persistent-post-traumatic-problems-from-a-post-positivist-perspective
#17
David M Walton, Paul Phares
BACKGROUND: Context: Predicting recovery following traumatic neck pain has become an active area of research but is moving in several different directions with currently little consensus on the important outcomes to predict or relevant variables to predict them. PURPOSE: This editorial explores the current state of prognostic (risk)-based tools or algorithms for predicting likelihood of chronic problems following acute axial trauma, with a focus on traumatic neck pain (i...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355786/upregulation-of-calcium-channel-alpha-2-delta-1-subunit-in-dorsal-horn-contributes-to-spinal-cord-injury-induced-tactile-allodynia
#18
Kazuki Kusuyama, Toshiya Tachibana, Hiroki Yamanaka, Masamichi Okubo, Shinichi Yoshiya, Koichi Noguchi
BACKGROUND CONTEX: Spinal cord injury (SCI) commonly results not only in motor paralysis but also in the emergence of neuropathic pain, both of which can impair the quality of life for SCI patients. In the clinical field, it is well known that pregabalin, which binds to the voltage-gated calcium channel α2δ-1subunit has therapeutic effects on neuropathic pain after SCI. A Previous study has demonstrated that SCI increased α2δ-1 in L4-6 dorsal spinal cord of SCI rats by Western blot analysis and that the increase of α2δ-1 was correlated with tactile allodynia of the hind paw...
January 16, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355779/the-field-effect-transistor-dna-biosensor-based-on-ito-nanowires-in-label-free-hepatitis-b-virus-detecting-compatible-with-cmos-technology
#19
Mohsen Shariati
In this paper the field-effect transistor DNA biosensor for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) based on indium tin oxide nanowires (ITO NWs) in label free approach has been fabricated. Because of ITO nanowires intensive conductance and functional modified surface, the probe immobilization and target hybridization were increased strongly. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurement showed that ITO nanowires were crystalline and less than 50nm in diameter. The single-stranded hepatitis B virus DNA (SS-DNA) was immobilized as probe on the Au-modified nanowires...
January 11, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355733/a-new-approach-to-detect-the-coding-rule-of-the-cortical-spiking-model-in-the-information-transmission
#20
Soheila Nazari, Karim Faez, Mahyar Janahmadi
Investigation of the role of the local field potential (LFP) fluctuations in encoding the received sensory information by the nervous system remains largely unknown. On the other hand, transmission of these translation rules in information transmission between the structure of sensory stimuli and the cortical oscillations to the bio-inspired artificial neural networks operating at the efficiency of the nervous system is still a vague puzzle. In order to move towards this important goal, computational neuroscience tools can be useful so, we simulated a large-scale network of excitatory and inhibitory spiking neurons with synaptic connections consisting of AMPA and GABA currents as a model of cortical populations...
January 3, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
keyword
keyword
79412
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"