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Koichi Imai
The Embryonic Stem Cell Test (EST) developed in Germany in 1997 is known as a screening test method capable of predicting the presence of unknown chemicals influencing normal human development. Firstly, we investigated the embryotoxicity of 24 types of monomer including dental monomers and dental alloy-component metal elements using this test. Monomers including Bis-GMA contained in base resin of composite resin exhibited weak embryotoxicity, and the toxicity level varied among dental alloy-component metal elements...
August 2016: Japanese Dental Science Review
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Sayuri Inoue, Takahiko Sakai, Tomohiro Abe, Haruaki Kitagawa, Satoshi Imazato
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of silica nano-filler particle diameters in a computer-aided design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) composite resin (CR) block on physical properties at the multi-scale in silico. CAD/CAM CR blocks were modeled, consisting of silica nano-filler particles (20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 nm) and matrix (Bis-GMA/TEGDMA), with filler volume contents of 55.161%. Calculation of Young's moduli and Poisson's ratios for the block at macro-scale were analyzed by homogenization. Macro-scale CAD/CAM CR blocks (3 × 3 × 3 mm) were modeled and compressive strengths were defined when the fracture loads exceeded 6075 N...
May 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Dhanraj Ganapathy, Anusha Sathyamoorthy, Hemalatha Ranganathan, Karthikeyan Murthykumar
INTRODUCTION: Marginal discrepancy severely affects the long term success of All ceramic complete veneer crowns. The precise role of resin luting agents influencing this phenomenon needs to be explored further. AIM: To estimate and compare the marginal discrepancy in CAD/CAM processed All ceramic complete veneer crowns prior and following luting with resin bonded luting agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracted human maxillary first premolars were randomly allocated into four groups of 27 samples each Viz...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Lihua Hong, Yu Wang, Lin Wang, Hong Zhang, Hui Na, Zhimin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we designed and synthesized a novel macromolecule (tetramethyl bisphenol F acrylate, TMBPF-Ac) with low viscosity, excellent mechanical properties, and good biocompatibility. It could be used as a monomer for dental resin composites, which could reduce the risk of human exposure to bisphenol A derivatives in the oral environment. In addition, the monomer could be used without diluent, thereby avoiding the negative effect of a diluent METHODS: TMBPF-Ac was synthesized by a multistep condensation reaction...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Gedalias C Martim, Carmem S Pfeifer, Emerson M Girotto
The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize new multifunctional-urethane-methacrylate monomers to be used as the organic matrix in restorative dental composites, and evaluate the main physical-chemical properties of the resulting material. Bis-GMA (bisphenol-A-diglycidylmethacrylate) and GDMA (glycerol dimethacrylate) were modified by reacting the hydroxyl groups with isocyanate groups of urethane-methacrylate precursors to result in the new monomeric systems U-(bis-GMA)-Mod and U-(GDMA)-Mod, U=Urethane and Mod=Modified...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jingwei He, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo V Lassila
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prepare radio-opaque E-glass fiber-reinforced composite (EFRC) with synthesized iodine containing methacrylate monomer. METHODS: The synthesized iodine containing methacrylate monomer 2-hydroxy-3- methacryloyloxypropyl(2,3,5- triiodobenzoate) (HMTIB) was mixed with Bis-GMA and MMA in different mass ratio to prepare resin impregnating solution (RIS), and RIS without HMTIB was used as control. CQ and DMAEMA were added as photoinitiation system...
December 19, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Diana Wolff, Michael Coupek, Ralf Erber, Tanja Krueger, Johannes Krisam, Hans Joerg Staehle, Cornelia Frese
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aqueous storage on shear bond strength (SBS) and monomer release of fiberreinforced composites (FRCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four unidirectional FRCs were tested, including one semi-interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) (ES, everStick) and three cross-linked polymer (CLP) FRCs (GT, GrandTec; TF, TenderFiber; DP, Dentapreg). The SBS of samples of original resin to fresh FRC with an intact oxygen inhibition layer (n = 30/group) and repair resin to FRC after surface treatment (n = 30/group) was evaluated after 6 and 12 months of storage in artificial saliva...
2016: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Nina Attik, Franck Hallay, Laurence Bois, Arnaud Brioude, Brigitte Grosgogeat, Pierre Colon
OBJECTIVE: Many new dental composites containing mesoporous silica fillers have been developed to improve rheological properties and enhance the resin-filler interface. To investigate the correlation between the cytocompatibility of several dental composites and their composition; two aspects have been considered: presence of bisphenol A (BPA)-glycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA) or triethyleneglycol-dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) among the resin monomers and presence of porous particles among the filler blends...
December 5, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Shuzhen Luo, Wenbin Zhu, Fang Liu, Jingwei He
With the aim of reducing human exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) derivatives in dentistry, a fluorinated dimethacrylate monomer was synthesized to replace 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloy-loxypropyl)-phenyl]propane (Bis-GMA) as the base monomer of dental resin. After mixing with reactive diluent triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), fluorinated dimethacrylate (FDMA)/TEGDMA was prepared and compared with Bis-GMA/TEGDMA in physicochemical properties, such as double bond conversion (DC), volumetric shrinkage (VS), water sorption (WS) and solubility (WSL), flexural strength (FS) and modulus (FM)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Timothy Reichheld, Gregory Monfette, Ronald D Perry, Matthew Finkelman, Eric Gheewalla, Gerard Kugel
The advancement of new ceramic materials for dental crowns has prompted the need for improved methods of bonding orthodontic brackets to these surfaces. Currently, lithium-disilicate is the primary material being used for anterior crowns, while zirconia is the primary material being used in the posterior. The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of HEMA (Assure® Universal Bonding Resin) and bis-GMA (Assure® PLUS All Surface Bonding Resin) orthodontic bonding resins on enamel, lithium-disilicate, and zirconia materials...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
D Saisadan, P Manimaran, P K Meenapriya
INTRODUCTION: Materials used to fabricate provisional restorations can be classified as acrylics or resin composites. Provisional crows can be either prefabricated or custom made. ACRYLICS: These materials have been used to fabricate provisional restorations since the 1930s and usually available as powder and liquid. They are the most commonly used materials today for both single-unit and multiple-unit restorations. In general, their popularity is due to their low cost, acceptable esthetics, and versatility...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Ra'fat I Farah, Naji Al-Harethi
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare in vitro the marginal microleakage of glass ionomer-based provisional cement with resin-based provisional cement and zinc oxide non-eugenol (ZONE) provisional cement in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-fabricated interim restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen intact human premolars were prepared in a standardized manner for complete coverage of crown restorations. Interim crowns for the prepared teeth were then fabricated using CAD/CAM, and the specimens were randomized into three groups of provisional cementing agents (n = 5 each): Glass ionomer-based provisional cement (GC Fuji TEMP LT™), bisphenol-A-glycidyldimethacrylate (Bis-GMA)/ triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) resin-based cement (UltraTemp® REZ), and ZONE cement (TempBond NE)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Krishna Kishore Kadiyala, Mohan Krishna Badisa, Gopinadh Anne, Sampath Chowdary Anche, Sandeep Chiramana, Suresh Babu Muvva, Srujana Zakkula, Ravi Rakesh Dev Jyothula
INTRODUCTION: Provisional restoration is an analytical component of fixed prosthodontics serving as a ground plan for the design of fixed dental prosthesis. Flexural strength is critical in case of long standing fixed dental prosthesis, to appreciate success of full mouth rehabilitation cases and temporomandibular joint dysfunction therapies. AIM: The present study was to evaluate the flexural strength of different provisional restorative resins used for prosthetic rehabilitation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mădălina-Anca Lazar, Horaţiu Rotaru, Ioana Bâldea, Adina B Boşca, Cristian P Berce, Cristina Prejmerean, Doina Prodan, Radu S Câmpian
This study aims to assess the biocompatibility of new advanced fiber-reinforced composites (FRC) to be used for custom-made cranial implants. Four new formulations of FRC were obtained using polymeric matrices (combinations of monomers bisphenol A glycidylmethacrylate [bis-GMA], urethane dimethacrylate [UDMA], triethylene glycol dimethacrylate [TEGDMA], hydroxyethyl methacrylate [HEMA]) and E-glass fibers (300 g/mp). Every FRC contains 65% E-glass and 35% polymeric matrix. Composition of polymeric matrices are: bis-GMA (21%), TEGDMA (14%) for FRC1; bis-GMA (21%), HEMA (14%) for FRC2; bis-GMA (3...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Miao Ai, Zhiyun Du, Siqi Zhu, Hongjuan Geng, Xu Zhang, Qing Cai, Xiaoping Yang
OBJECTIVE: The object is to find a functional one-dimensional nanofibrous filler for composite resin, which is able to provide both efficient reinforcement and high antibacterial activity. METHODS: Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanowires were synthesized via hydrothermal technique using calcium oleate as the precursor. Polydopamine (PDA)-coated HA (HA-PDA) nanowires were prepared by soaking HA nanowires in dopamine (DA) aqueous solution. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-laden HA (HA-PDA-Ag) nanowires were prepared via reduction reaction by adding silver nitrate and glucose into HA-PDA suspensions in DI water...
October 10, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Elisabeth Dursun, Hélène Fron-Chabouis, Jean-Pierre Attal, Anne Raskin
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with potential toxicity. Composite resins may not contain pure BPA, but its derivatives are widely used. Several studies found doses of BPA or its derivatives in saliva or urine of patients after composite resin placement. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to establish an exhaustive list of composite resins marketed in Europe and their composition, and to assess the extent of BPA derivatives used. METHODS: A research on manufacturers' websites was performed to reference all composite resins marketed in Europe, then their composition was determined from both material safety data sheets and a standardized questionnaire sent to manufacturers...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Mariem Bouzrati-Zerelli, Maximilian Maier, Celine Dietlin, Morlet-Savary Fabrice, Jean Pierre Fouassier, Joachim E Klee, Jacques Lalevée
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to find an amine free photoinitiating system (PIS) for the polymerization of representative dental methacrylate resins. A photoinitiating system (PIS) based on camphorquinone (CQ)/triphenylgermanium hydride/diphenyl iodonium hexafluorophosphate is proposed and compared to the conventional CQ/amine couple. The polymerization monitoring of thin (∼20μm) and thick (1.4mm) samples of a bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA)/triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) blend (70%/30% w/w) and of a urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) upon exposure to a commercial blue LED centered at 477nm under air or in laminate is described...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Philip D Taylor, Georgios Georgakis, Jason Niggli
Three methods of direct provisional crown construction were investigated for accuracy of marginal fit. A modified proprietary crown coping was compared to Bis GMA and isobutyl methacrylate resin provisional crowns with margins modified by using a flowable composite and 'bead on' isobutyl methacrylate respectively. Measurement was at 50x magnification at seven sites over the fit surface. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 13.0.1 and measurement compared using the Mann Whitney test set at a significance level of 0...
June 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Felipe Weidenbach Degrazia, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Antonio Shigueaki Takimi, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares, Salvatore Sauro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the degree of conversion, microhardness, solvent degradation, contact angle, surface free energy and bioactivity (e.g., mineral precipitation) of experimental resin-based materials containing, pure or triclosan-encapsulated, aluminosilicate-(halloysite) nanotubes. METHODS: An experimental resin blend was prepared using bis-GMA/TEGDMA, 75/25wt% (control). Halloysite nanotubes (HNT) doped with or without triclosan (TCN) were first analyzed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
September 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Sebastian Wille, Iris Hölken, Galina Haidarschin, Rainer Adelung, Matthias Kern
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the mechanical properties of the modern dental composites can be improved by using tetrapodal ZnO particles as fillers in a Bis-GMA/TEGDMA matrix. Another aim was to test whether the mechanical properties of the composite are influenced by functionalization of the ZnO particles with lauric acid to achieve antibacterial activity. METHODS: Different filler materials and particle shapes (spherical zirconia, spherical zinc oxide, tetrapodal zinc oxide) were used to produce Bis-GMA/TEGDMA based composites with a filler content of 40wt...
September 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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