keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

grade mineralization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444509/associations-between-intravenous-iron-inflammation-and-fgf23-in-non-dialysis-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#1
Katarzyna Muras-Szwedziak, Michal Nowicki
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both iron deficiency and chronic inflammation are highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The effect of intravenous iron infusion on mineral metabolism in CKD may be modified by inflammation. Intravenous iron theraphy may reduce peripheral degradation, secretion, clearence of iFGF23 and lead to hypophosphatemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous iron on mineral metabolism in CKD patients. METHODS: 35 non-dialysis patients with CKD stages 3-5...
February 8, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426958/epiphyseal-hyperplasia-caused-by-an-ectopic-ossification-center-of-the-distal-tibia-presentation-of-a-pediatric-case-with-13-years-of-radiological-surveillance
#2
Susanne Scheipl, Stefan Tauber, Marko Bergovec, Andreas Leithner, Gerhard Ranner
Herein, we report the case of a 4-year-old boy, who presented with a cortical lytic lesion of his distal tibia. It was located eccentrically, measured 2 cm in its craniocaudal diameter, and was associated with a lamella-like soft-tissue mineralization that resembled a periosteal reaction. Thus, the lesion's radiographic features were initially suggestive of an aggressive disease. However, further imaging revealed the lesion to be of cartilaginous origin and to extend into the metaphysis, thus creating the aspect of hyperplastic epiphyseal cartilage...
February 9, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409364/graphene-onto-medical-grade-titanium-an-atom-thick-multimodal-coating-that-promotes-osteoblast-maturation-and-inhibits-biofilm-formation-from-distinct-species
#3
Nileshkumar Dubey, Kassapa Ellepola, Fanny E D Decroix, Julien L P Morin, A H Castro Neto, Chaminda J Seneviratne, Vinicius Rosa
The time needed for the osseointegration of titanium implants is deemed too long. Moreover, the bacterial colonization of their surfaces is a major cause of failure. Graphene can overcome these issues but its wet transfer onto substrates employs hazardous chemicals limiting the clinical applications. Alternatively, dry transfer technique has been developed, but the biological properties of this technique remain unexplored. Here, a dry transfer technique based on a hot-pressing method allowed to coat titanium substrates with high-quality graphene and coverage area >90% with a single transfer...
February 6, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394455/retinol-binding-protein-4-is-positively-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-type-2-diabetic-patients
#4
Jin Zhou, Nana Huang, Yu Cheng, Liang Li, Wenzhou Jiang, Wei Wang, Daping Wang, Yuxiao Tang, Shulin Chen, Ying Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study intends to study the association between serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), bone mineral density (BMD), and other bone metabolic related parameters in type 2 diabetic patients older than 50 years, with or without osteopenia or osteoporosis. METHODS: Patients (n = 274 cases) with type 2 diabetes, hospitalized in the Endocrinology Department of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from December 2015 to March 2017, were enrolled in the study. The bone mineral density (BMD) was recorded by the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer, and patients were divided into normal bone mineral density group (148 cases), osteopenia (93 cases), and osteoporosis group (33 cases) group...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391706/the-effect-of-fluorosis-on-human-teeth-under-light-microscopy-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Maya Ramesh, Malathi Narasimhan, Ramesh Krishnan, Rita Mary Aruna, Sarah Kuruvilla
Background: Fluoride is needed for the normal development of bone and teeth; in high levels, it affects developing teeth and bone. Dental fluorosis (DF) is caused by ingestion of excess fluoride mainly through drinking water. Aim: The present study aims to observe and understand the histological changes of fluorosed teeth under light microscope (LM). Materials and Methods: Teeth which were indicated for extractions for orthodontic or periodontal problems were selected...
September 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381984/periprosthetic-bone-remodeling-of-short-cementless-femoral-stems-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Shuang G Yan, Di Li, Shuai Yin, Xingyi Hua, Jian Tang, Florian Schmidutz
BACKGROUND: Short-stem total hip arthroplasty (SHA) has been increasingly used in the treatment of hip arthroplasty. However, it is unclear whether there is a superiority of SHA in periprosthetic bone remodeling over standard stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). This meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) compared the periprosthetic bone remodeling after SHA and THA. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were screened for relevant publications up to May 2017. RCTs that compared periprosthetic bone remodeling with bone mineral density (BMD) changes between SHA and THA were included...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374374/constant-iodine-intake-through-the-diet-could-improve-hypothyroidism-treatment-a-case-report
#7
Yasmin Lopez, Carlos Franco, Alberto Cepeda, Beatriz Vázquez
Currently, hypothyroidism is usually treated only with drugs; patients are never told that they could regulate their levels of iodine with dietary recommendations in a complementary way. The objective of this work was to explore the effect of a constant iodine intake through the diet in a postmenopausal woman with subclinical grade II hypothyroidism, who also had mild hypercholesterolemia and obesity. Baseline anthropometric nutritional, pharmacological, and habit data were obtained, then the woman was scheduled for 1 month a diet in which she was provided food naturally containing iodine, so that the recommended requirements (iodine 150 μg/day) were met...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335346/severity-of-sacroiliitis-and-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-are-associated-with-a-low-trabecular-bone-score-in-young-male-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#8
Kwi Young Kang, Min Kyung Chung, Ha Neul Kim, Yeon Sik Hong, Ji Hyeon Ju, Sung-Hwan Park
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors related to a low trabecular bone score (TBS) and the association between TBS and vertebral fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: One hundred patients (all male, aged < 50 yrs) who fulfilled the modified New York criteria for the classification of AS were enrolled. The TBS and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Clinical variables, inflammatory markers, and the presence of vertebral fractures were also assessed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331640/recent-advances-in-application-of-uv-light-emitting-diodes-for-degrading-organic-pollutants-in-water-through-advanced-oxidation-processes-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Galina Matafonova, Valeriy Batoev
Over the last decade, ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV LEDs) have attracted considerable attention as alternative mercury-free UV sources for water treatment purposes. This review is a comprehensive analysis of data reported in recent years (mostly, post 2014) on the application of UV LED-induced advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) to degrade organic pollutants, primarily dyes, phenols, pharmaceuticals, insecticides, estrogens and cyanotoxins, in aqueous media. Heterogeneous TiO2-based photocatalysis in lab grade water using UVA LEDs is the most frequently applied method for treating organic contaminants...
January 4, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331559/experience-of-on-site-disposal-of-production-uranium-graphite-nuclear-reactor
#10
Alexander O Pavliuk, Sergey G Kotlyarevskiy, Evgeny V Bespala, Elena V Zakharova, Vyacheslav M Ermolaev, Anna G Volkova
The paper reported the experience gained in the course of decommissioning EI-2 Production Uranium-Graphite Nuclear Reactor. EI-2 was a production Uranium-Graphite Nuclear Reactor located on the Production and Demonstration Center for Uranium-Graphite Reactors JSC (PDC UGR JSC) site of Seversk City, Tomsk Region, Russia. EI-2 commenced its operation in 1958, and was shut down on December 28, 1990, having operated for the period of 33 years all together. The extra pure grade graphite for the moderator, water for the coolant, and uranium metal for the fuel were used in the reactor...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322706/osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-females-with-primary-knee-osteoarthritis-in-a-vitamin-d-deficient-population
#11
Pooja Dhaon, Siddharth Kumar Das, Ragini Srivastava, Akash Asthana, Girdhar Agarwal
Aim and Objective: To find prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) in postmenopausal females with primary knee osteoarthritis (OA) in India, where there is widespread Vitamin D deficiency (VDD). Material and Methods: 75 postmenopausal women (PMW) fulfilling ACR criteria for Knee OA between 40 - 60 years of age, having OA grade 2 or more as per Kellgren Lawrence grade on anterior- posterior radiograph of the right knee were enrolled. 34 PMW of the same age with normal right knee radiograph were taken as controls...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313815/fat-mass-is-positively-associated-with-bone-mass-acquisition-in-children-with-small-or-normal-lean-mass-a-three-year-follow-up-study
#12
Katsuyasu Kouda, Kumiko Ohara, Harunobu Nakamura, Yuki Fujita, Myadagmaa Jaalkhorol, Masayuki Iki
The independent impact of fat mass (FM) on bone health is difficult to assess, as FM is correlated with lean soft tissue mass (LSTM). In a previous cross-sectional study, FM was suggested to help promote high bone mass acquisition in adolescents with small LSTM. The present prospective cohort study investigated the effects of FM on bone in pubertal children after stratification by height-normalized index of LSTM (LSTMI). The source population was all 5th grade children enrolled in either one of the two public elementary schools in Hamamatsu, Japan...
December 4, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300969/influence-of-phytase-or-myo-inositol-supplements-on-performance-and-phytate-degradation-products-in-the-crop-ileum-and-blood-of-broiler-chickens
#13
V Sommerfeld, S Künzel, M Schollenberger, I Kühn, M Rodehutscord
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementation with free myo-inositol (MI) or graded levels of phytase on inositol phosphate (InsP) degradation, concentrations of MI in the digestive tract and blood, bone mineralization, and prececal digestibility of amino acids (AA). Ross 308 broiler hatchlings were allocated to 40 pens with 11 birds each and assigned to one of 5 treatments. The birds were fed a starter diet until d 11 and a grower diet from d 11 to d 22. All diets were based on wheat, soybean meal, and corn...
December 29, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289937/effect-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-preventing-falls-and-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ditte Beck Jepsen, Katja Thomsen, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Tahir Masud, Jesper Ryg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) on fracture risk in adults ≥50 years of age. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis calculating relative risk ratios, fall rate ratio and absolute weighted mean difference using random effects models. Heterogeneity was estimated using I2 statistics, and the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool and the GRADE approach were used to evaluate quality of evidence and summarise conclusions...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288469/solubilization-of-phosphorus-from-phosphate-rocks-with-acidithiobacillus-thiooxidans-following-a-growing-then-recovery-process
#15
Susana M Calle-Castañeda, Marco A Márquez-Godoy, Juan P Hernández-Ortiz
Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for the synthesis of biomolecules and is particularly important in agriculture, as soils must be constantly supplemented with its inorganic form to ensure high yields and productivity. In this paper, we propose a process to solubilize phosphorus from phosphate rocks, where Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans cultures are pre-cultivated to foster the acidic conditions for bioleaching-two-step "growing-then-recovery"-. Our method solubilizes 100% of phosphorus, whereas the traditional process without pre-cultivation-single-step "growing-and-recovery"-results in a maximum of 56% solubilization...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286152/a-promising-novel-formulation-for-articular-cartilage-regeneration-preclinical-evaluation-of-a-treatment-that-produces-sox9-overexpression-in-human-synovial-fluid-cells
#16
Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Juan Paz-Garcia, Alejandrina Rodriguez-Hernandez, Violeta M Madrigal-Perez, Ariana Cabrera-Licona, Alejandro Garcia-Rivera, Alejandro D Soriano-Hernandez, Jose L Cortes-Bazan, Hector R Galvan-Salazar, Jose Valtierra-Alvarez, Jose Guzman-Esquivel, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro, Brenda Paz-Michel
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disorder of synovial joints, in which there is progressive softening and disintegration of the articular cartilage. OA is the most common form of arthritis, and is the primary cause of disability and impaired quality of life in the elderly. Despite considerable medical necessity, no treatment has yet been proven to act as a disease‑modifying agent that may halt or reverse the structural progression of OA. The replacement of the joint with a prosthesis appears to be the best option in the advanced stages of the disease...
December 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284075/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-versus-conventional-restorative-treatment-for-managing-dental-caries
#17
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Maria José Martinez-Zapata, Tanya Walsh, Valeria Cc Marinho, Aubrey Sheiham Deceased, Carlos Zaror
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions...
December 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261348/mri-features-and-idh-mutational-status-of-grade-ii-diffuse-gliomas-impact-on-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#18
Javier E Villanueva-Meyer, Matthew D Wood, Byung Se Choi, Marc C Mabray, Nicholas A Butowski, Tarik Tihan, Soonmee Cha
OBJECTIVE: Grade II diffuse gliomas (DGs) with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations are associated with better prognosis than their IDH wild-type counterparts. We sought to determine the MRI characteristics associated with IDH mutational status and ascertain whether MRI considered in combination with IDH mutational status can better predict the clinical outcomes of grade II DGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative MRI examinations were retrospectively studied for qualitative tumor characteristics, including location, extent, cortical involvement, margin sharpness, cystic component, mineralization or hemorrhage, and contrast enhancement...
December 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244883/effects-of-mechanical-repetitive-load-on-bone-quality-around-implants-in-rat-maxillae
#19
Yusuke Uto, Shinichiro Kuroshima, Takayoshi Nakano, Takuya Ishimoto, Nao Inaba, Yusuke Uchida, Takashi Sawase
Greater understanding and acceptance of the new concept "bone quality", which was proposed by the National Institutes of Health and is based on bone cells and collagen fibers, are required. The novel protein Semaphorin3A (Sema3A) is associated with osteoprotection by regulating bone cells. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of mechanical loads on Sema3A production and bone quality based on bone cells and collagen fibers around implants in rat maxillae. Grade IV-titanium threaded implants were placed at 4 weeks post-extraction in maxillary first molars...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243877/multiple-sulfur-isotope-constraints-on-microbial-sulfate-reduction-below-an-archean-seafloor-hydrothermal-system
#20
Shinnosuke Aoyama, Yuichiro Ueno
Microbial sulfate reduction is among the most ubiquitous metabolic processes on earth. The oldest evidence of microbial sulfate reduction appears in the ca. 3.5 Ga Dresser Formation in the North Pole area of Pilbara Craton in Western Australia. That evidence was found through analysis of quadruple sulfur isotopes of sulfate and sulfide minerals deposited on the seafloor. However, the activity of microbial sulfate reduction below the Archean seafloor remains poorly understood. Here, we report the quadruple sulfur isotopic compositions of sulfide minerals within hydrothermally altered seafloor basalt and less altered basaltic komatiite collected from the North Pole Dome area...
December 15, 2017: Geobiology
keyword
keyword
79402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"