keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

grade mineralization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#1
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064422/improved-detection-of-mineral-oil-toxicity-using-an-extended-mouse-embryo-assay
#2
Alessandra J Ainsworth, Jolene R Fredrickson, Dean E Morbeck
PURPOSE: Successful in vitro fertilization (IVF) relies on sound laboratory methods and culture conditions which depend on sensitive quality control (QC) testing. This study aimed to improve the sensitivity of mouse embryo assays (MEA) for detection of mineral oil toxicity. METHODS: Five experiments were conducted to study modifications of the standard mouse embryo assay (MEA) in order to improve sensitivity using clinical grade mineral oil with known peroxide concentrations...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032906/3-dimensional-functionalized-polycaprolactone-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogel-constructs-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#3
Stephen M Hamlet, Cedryck Vaquette, Amit Shah, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Saso Ivanovski
AIM: Alveolar bone regeneration remains a significant clinical challenge in periodontology and dental implantology. This study assessed the mineralized tissue forming potential of 3D printed medical grade polycaprolactone (mPCL) constructs containing osteoblasts encapsulated in a hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel incorporating bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HA-hydrogels containing human osteoblasts ± BMP-7 were prepared. Cell viability, osteogenic gene expression, mineralized tissue formation and BMP-7 release in vitro, were assessed by fluorescence staining, RT-PCR, histological / μ-CT examination and ELISA respectively...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012008/bivariate-genome-wide-association-analyses-identified-genetic-pleiotropic-effects-for-bone-mineral-density-and-alcohol-drinking-in-caucasians
#4
Shan Lu, Lan-Juan Zhao, Xiang-Ding Chen, Christopher J Papasian, Ke-Hao Wu, Li-Jun Tan, Zhuo-Er Wang, Yu-Fang Pei, Qing Tian, Hong-Wen Deng
Several studies indicated bone mineral density (BMD) and alcohol intake might share common genetic factors. The study aimed to explore potential SNPs/genes related to both phenotypes in US Caucasians at the genome-wide level. A bivariate genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 2069 unrelated participants. Regular drinking was graded as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, representing drinking alcohol never, less than once, once or twice, three to six times, seven to ten times, or more than ten times per week respectively...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000784/all-into-one-strategy-to-synthesize-mesoporous-hybrid-silicate-microspheres-from-naturally-rich-red-palygorskite-clay-as-high-efficient-adsorbents
#5
Wenbo Wang, Guangyan Tian, Dandan Wang, Zhifang Zhang, Yuru Kang, Li Zong, Aiqin Wang
A mesoporous hybrid silicate microsphere with superior adsorption performance has been successfully synthesized by employing an "all-into-one" strategy and a simple one-pot hydrothermal process using naturally abundant low-grade red palygorskite (PAL) clay as raw material in the presence of non-toxic SiO3(2-) and Mg(2+) ions. As is expected, both the PAL and associated minerals transformed into a new amorphous mesoporous hybrid silicate microsphere without using any additional pore-forming template. The mesoporous silicate microsphere shows a large pore size of 37...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983583/treated-seawater-as-a-magnesium-source-for-phosphorous-recovery-from-wastewater-a-feasibility-and-cost-analysis
#6
Cejna Anna Quist-Jensen, Mads Koustrup Jørgensen, Morten Lykkegaard Christensen
Conventional resources of phosphorous are at high risk of depletion in the near future due to current practices of its exploitation, thus new and improved exploration methodologies need to be developed to ensure phosphorous security. Today, some treatment plants recover phosphorous from municipal wastewater as struvite (MgNH₄PO₄·6H₂O). Magnesium is often added to the wastewater as MgCl₂·6H₂O to facilitate the phosphorous recovery. However, the use of magnesium increases the costs of the process and is not aligned with sustainable development, therefore, alternative magnesium sources have to be found...
December 13, 2016: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966916/injectable-and-3d-bioprinted-polysaccharide-hydrogels-from-cartilage-to-osteochondral-tissue-engineering
#7
Janani Radhakrishnan, Anuradha Subramanian, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, Swaminathan Sethuraman
Biomechanical performance of functional cartilage is executed by the exclusive anisotropic composition and spatially varying intricate architecture in articulating ends of diarthrodial joint. Osteochondral tissue constituting the articulating ends comprise superfical soft cartilage over hard subchondral bone sandwiching interfacial soft-hard tissue. The shock-absorbent, lubricating property of cartilage and mechanical stability of subchondral bone regions are rendered by extended chemical structure of glycosaminoglycans and mineral deposition, respectively...
December 14, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957294/adult-celiac-disease-patients-are-shorter-compared-with-their-peers-in-the-general-population
#8
Abbas Esmaeilzadeh, Azita Ganji, Ladan Goshayeshi, Kamran Ghafarzadegan, Mehdi Afzal Aghayee, Homan Mosanen Mozafari, Hassan Saadatniya, Abdolrasol Hayatbakhs, Vahid Ghavami Ghanbarabadi
BACKGROUND Delay in diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) occurs frequently, although its consequences are mostly not known. One of the presented symptoms in pediatric patients with CD is the short stature. However, far too little attention has been paid to physical features including height of adult patients with CD. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether patients suffering from CD are shorter in comparison with the general population without CD. As well, we evaluated probable correlations between demographic and physical features, main complains, serum anti tTG level, and intestinal pathology damage between short (lower quartile) versus tall stature (upper quartile) patients with CD...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934285/in-situ-nanoscale-imaging-of-struvite-formation-during-the-dissolution-of-natural-brucite-implications-for-phosphorus-recovery-from-wastewaters
#9
Jörn Hövelmann, Christine V Putnis
As phosphorus (P) resources are diminishing, the recovery of this essential nutrient from wastewaters becomes an increasingly interesting option. P-recovery through the controlled crystallization of struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O), a potential slow-release fertilizer, is highly attractive, but costly if large amounts of Mg have to be added. In this context, natural Mg-minerals like brucite (Mg(OH)2) could provide more cost-effective Mg-sources compared to high-grade Mg-compounds such as MgCl2. Here we used in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) to study the interactions of ammonium phosphate solutions with brucite (001) cleavage surfaces...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933738/exploratory-analysis-of-textual-data-from-the-mother-and-child-handbook-using-a-text-mining-method-ii-monthly-changes-in-the-words-recorded-by-mothers
#10
Miki Tagawa, Yoshio Matsuda, Tomoko Manaka, Makiko Kobayashi, Michitaka Ohwada, Shigeki Matsubara
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the possibility of converting subjective textual data written in the free column space of the Mother and Child Handbook (MCH) into objective information using text mining and to compare any monthly changes in the words written by the mothers. METHODS: Pregnant women without complications (n = 60) were divided into two groups according to State-Trait Anxiety Inventory grade: low trait anxiety (group I, n = 39) and high trait anxiety (group II, n = 21)...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930542/the-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-postoperative-neurological-deterioration-after-posterior-decompression-with-or-without-instrumented-fusion-for-thoracic-myelopathy
#11
Hui Wang, Lei Ma, Rui Xue, Dalong Yang, Tao Wang, Yanhong Wang, Sidong Yang, Wenyuan Ding
The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and risk factors of postoperative neurological deterioration after posterior decompression with or without instrumented fusion for thoracic myelopathy, and hope to provide references in decision-making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeon and thoracic stenosis patients.By retrieving the medical records from January 2001 to November 2015, 168 patients were retrospectively reviewed. According to the occurrence of postoperative neurological deterioration, patients were divided into 2 groups: neurological deterioration (ND) group and non-ND group...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927550/strength-of-thoracic-spine-under-simulated-direct-vertebral-rotation-a%C3%A2-biomechanical-study
#12
Sean L Borkowski, Sophia N Sangiorgio, Richard E Bowen, Anthony A Scaduto, Bo He, Kathryn L Bauer, Edward Ebramzadeh
BACKGROUND: Direct vertebral rotation (DVR) has gained increasing popularity for deformity correction surgery. Despite large moments applied intraoperatively during deformity correction and failure reports including screw plow, aortic abutment, and pedicle fracture, to our knowledge, the strength of thoracic spines has been unknown. Moreover, the rotational response of thoracic spines under such large torques has been unknown. PURPOSE: Simulate DVR surgical conditions to measure torsion to failure on thoracic spines and assess surgical forces...
March 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914693/high-prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-morphometric-vertebral-fractures-in-indian-males-aged-60-years-and-above-should-age-for-screening-be-lowered
#13
Khurshid A Bhat, Manisha Kakaji, Ashish Awasthi, Manoj Shukla, Manoj Dubey, Rajesh Srivastava, Uttam Singh, Sushil K Gupta
Current guidelines recommend bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in asymptomatic men above age 70 years and vertebral fracture (VF) assessment above 80 years with T-score <-1.0 with risk factors. We studied the prevalence of osteoporosis and morphometric VF in asymptomatic males aged 60 years and above in North India. Free-living community-dwelling men (n = 241, age: mean ± standard deviation 68.0 ± 6.2 years) underwent a detailed history, physical examination, biochemical evaluation, and BMD measurements at 3 sites: lumbar spine, total hip (TH), and femoral neck (FN)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913900/bone-mineral-density-of-extremities-is-associated-with-coronary-calcification-and-biopsy-verified-vascular-calcification-in-living-donor-renal-transplant-recipients
#14
Zhimin Chen, Jia Sun, Mathias Haarhaus, Peter Barany, Lars Wennberg, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Bengt Lindholm, Annika Wernerson, Magnus Söderberg, Peter Stenvinkel, Abdul Rashid Qureshi
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) may lead to low bone mineral density (BMD) and vascular calcification (VC), but links to the latter are unclear. Here we investigated associations between BMD, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, and histological signs of VC in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing living-donor kidney transplantation (LD-Rtx). In 66 ESRD patients (median age 45 years, 68% males), BMD (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, DXA), CAC score (by computed tomography, CT; n = 54), and degree of VC score (graded by histological examination of epigastric artery specimens collected at LD-Rtx; n = 55) were assessed at the time of LD-Rtx...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#15
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900962/association-of-conjunctival-and-corneal-calcification-with-vascular-calcification-among-hepatitis-c-seropositive-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Khaled AbouSeif, Dawlat Sany, Yasser Elshahawy, Ayman Seddik, Khedr Rahman, Moustapha Gaber
Disorders associated with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been reported including cardiovascular, metabolic, and central nervous system diseases. Since chronic HCV infections may be curable, their identification as causal contributors to cardiovascular risk could offer new perspectives in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between HCV and aortic arch calcification (AAC) and corneal and conjunctival calcification (CCC) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients; further, we assessed the correlation of CCC with vascular calcification...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852308/systems-analysis-identifies-mir-29b-regulation-of-invasiveness-in-melanoma
#17
Miles C Andrews, Joseph Cursons, Daniel G Hurley, Matthew Anaka, Jonathan S Cebon, Andreas Behren, Edmund J Crampin
BACKGROUND: In many cancers, microRNAs (miRs) contribute to metastatic progression by modulating phenotypic reprogramming processes such as epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity. This can be driven by miRs targeting multiple mRNA transcripts, inducing regulated changes across large sets of genes. The miR-target databases TargetScan and DIANA-microT predict putative relationships by examining sequence complementarity between miRs and mRNAs. However, it remains a challenge to identify which miR-mRNA interactions are active at endogenous expression levels, and of biological consequence...
November 16, 2016: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845067/the-combined-therapy-with-chondroitin-sulfate-plus-glucosamine-sulfate-or-chondroitin-sulfate-plus-glucosamine-hydrochloride-does-not-improve-joint-damage-in-an-experimental-model-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-rabbits
#18
Jorge A Roman-Blas, Aránzazu Mediero, Lidia Tardío, Sergio Portal-Nuñez, Paula Gratal, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Raquel Largo
Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic joint disorder especially during aging. Although with controversies, glucosamine, both in its forms of sulfate and hydrochloride, and chondroitin sulfate are commonly employed to treat osteoarthritis. Due to the modest improve in the symptoms observed in patients treated with these drugs alone, a formulation combining both agents has been considered. The discrepant results achieved for pain control or structural improvement in osteoarthritis patients has been attributed to the quality of chemical formulations or different bias in clinical studies...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843721/antioxidant-nutrition-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-parr-and-post-smolt-fed-diets-with-high-inclusion-of-plant-ingredients-and-graded-levels-of-micronutrients-and-selected-amino-acids
#19
Kristin Hamre, Nini H Sissener, Erik-Jan Lock, Pål A Olsvik, Marit Espe, Bente E Torstensen, Joana Silva, Johan Johansen, Rune Waagbø, Gro-Ingunn Hemre
The shift from marine to plant-based ingredients in fish feeds affects the dietary concentrations and bioavailability of micronutrients, amino acids and lipids and consequently warrants a re-evaluation of dietary nutrient recommendations. In the present study, an Atlantic salmon diet high in plant ingredients was supplemented with graded levels of nutrient premix (NP), containing selected amino acids, taurine, cholesterol, vitamins and minerals. This article presents the results on the antioxidant nutrients vitamin C, E and selenium (Se), and effects on tissue redox status...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829038/long-term-secondary-care-costs-of-endometrial-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study-nested-within-the-united-kingdom-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-ukctocs
#20
Mark Pennington, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Chloe Karpinskyj, Alec Miners, Julie Taylor, Ranjit Manchanda, Rema Iyer, Michelle Griffin, Andy Ryan, Ian Jacobs, Usha Menon, Rosa Legood
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the costs of Endometrial Cancer (EC) by stage of disease. We estimated the long-term secondary care costs of EC according to stage at diagnosis in an English population-based cohort. METHODS: Women participating in UKCTOCS and diagnosed with EC following enrolment (2001-2005) and prior to 31st Dec 2009 were identified to have EC through multiple sources. Survival was calculated through data linkage to death registry. Costs estimates were derived from hospital records accessed from Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) with additional patient level covariates derived from case notes and patient questionnaires...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
79402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"