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Jun-Dong Wei, Jae-Hyun Jang, Jae-Hong Kim
RanBPM is a scaffolding protein that regulates several cellular processes by interacting with various proteins. Previously, we reported that RanBPM acts as a negative regulator of BLT2, a low-affinity leukotriene B4 receptor; thus, it interferes with BLT2-mediated cell motility. In the present study, we observed that the expression levels of RanBPM were markedly reduced in the highly aggressive MDA-MB-435 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines compared with those in non-invasive MCF-7 cells. Additionally, we found that the restoration of RanBPM levels suppressed the invasiveness of these aggressive breast cancer cells in a manner dependent on BLT2 activation...
January 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sandrine Puverel, Erkan Kiris, Satyendra Singh, Kimberly D Klarmann, Vincenzo Coppola, Jonathan R Keller, Lino Tessarollo
c-Kit is a tyrosine kinase receptor important for gametogenesis, hematopoiesis, melanogenesis and mast cell biology. Dysregulation of c-Kit function is oncogenic and its expression in the stem cell niche of a number of tissues has underlined its relevance for regenerative medicine and hematopoietic stem cell biology. Yet, very little is known about the mechanisms that control c-Kit protein levels. Here we show that the RanBPM/RanBP9 scaffold protein binds to c-Kit and is necessary for normal c-Kit protein expression in the mouse testis and subset lineages of the hematopoietic system...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Seung Kon Hong, Kook-Han Kim, Eun Joo Song, Eunice EunKyeong Kim
RanBPM and RanBP10 are non-canonical members of the Ran binding protein family that lack the Ran binding domain and do not associate with Ran GTPase in vivo. Rather, they have been shown to be scaffolding proteins that are important for a variety of cellular processes, and both of these proteins contain a SPRY domain, which has been implicated in mediating protein-protein interactions with a variety of targets including the DEAD-box containing ATP-dependent RNA helicase (DDX-4). In this study, we have determined the crystal structures of the SPIa and the ryanodine receptor domain and of approximately 70 upstream residues (immediate upstream to SPRY motif) of both RanBPM and RanBP10...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Shuai Shao, Ping-Hui Sun, Lucy K Satherley, Xiangyu Gao, K E Ji, Y I Feng, Yongning Jia, Jiafu Ji, Wen G Jiang, Lin Ye
AIM: Ran binding protein M (RanBPM) is a ubiquitous, nucleocytoplasmic protein that serves as a scaffolding molecule. This study aimed to investigate the role of RanBPM in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RanBPM expression in human gastric cancer tissue samples was analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The effect of RanBPM on cellular functions was examined in RanBPM-knockdown gastric cells and with in vitro cell functional assays. RESULTS: Gastric tumors with distant metastases expressed lower levels of RanBPM transcripts compared to tumours without detectable metastases (p=0...
March 2016: Anticancer Research
Dario Palmieri, Mario Scarpa, Anna Tessari, Rexhep Uka, Foued Amari, Cindy Lee, Timothy Richmond, Claudia Foray, Tyler Sheetz, Ashley Braddom, Christin E Burd, Jeffrey D Parvin, Thomas Ludwig, Carlo M Croce, Vincenzo Coppola
Ran Binding Protein 9 (RanBP9, also known as RanBPM) is an evolutionary conserved scaffold protein present both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm of cells whose biological functions remain elusive. We show that active ATM phosphorylates RanBP9 on at least two different residues (S181 and S603). In response to IR, RanBP9 rapidly accumulates into the nucleus of lung cancer cells, but this nuclear accumulation is prevented by ATM inhibition. RanBP9 stable silencing in three different lung cancer cell lines significantly affects the DNA Damage Response (DDR), resulting in delayed activation of key components of the cellular response to IR such as ATM itself, Chk2, γH2AX, and p53...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Key-Hwan Lim, Bharathi Suresh, Jung-Hyun Park, Young-Soo Kim, Suresh Ramakrishna, Kwang-Hyun Baek
The Lethal giant larvae (Lgl) gene encodes a cortical cytoskeleton protein, Lgl, and is involved in maintaining cell polarity and epithelial integrity. Previously, we observed that Mgl-1, a mammalian homologue of the Drosophila tumor suppressor protein Lgl, is subjected to degradation via ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, and scaffolding protein RanBPM prevents the turnover of the Mgl-1 protein. Consequently, overexpression of RanBPM enhances Mgl-1-mediated cell proliferation and migration. Here, we analyzed the ability of ubiquitin-specific protease 11 (USP11) as a novel regulator of Mgl-1 and it requires RanBPM to regulate proteasomal degradation of Mgl-1...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Ya-Chun Yang, Tzu-Hui Feng, Tse-Yao Chen, Hsiang-Hung Huang, Chen-Chia Hung, Shih-Tung Liu, Li-Kwan Chang
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) expresses two immediate-early proteins, Rta and Zta, which are key transcription factors that can form a complex with MCAF1 at Zta-responsive elements (ZREs) to synergistically activate several viral lytic genes. Our previous research indicated that RanBPM interacts with Rta and enhances Rta sumoylation. Here we showed that RanBPM binds to Zta in vitro and in vivo, and acts as an intermediary protein in Rta-Zta complex formation. The Rta-RanBPM-Zta complex was observed to bind with ZREs in the transcriptional activation of key viral genes, such as BHLF1 and BHRF1, while the introduction of RanBPM short hairpin RNA (shRNA) subsequently reduced the synergistic activity of Zta and Rta...
August 2015: Journal of General Virology
Louisa M Salemi, Sandra O Loureiro, Caroline Schild-Poulter
RanBPM/RanBP9 is a ubiquitous, nucleocytoplasmic protein that is part of an evolutionary conserved E3 ubiquitin ligase complex whose function and targets in mammals are still unknown. RanBPM itself has been implicated in various cellular processes that involve both nuclear and cytoplasmic functions. However, to date, little is known about how RanBPM subcellular localization is regulated. We have conducted a systematic analysis of RanBPM regions that control its subcellular localization using RanBPM shRNA cells to examine ectopic RanBPM mutant subcellular localization without interference from the endogenously expressed protein...
2015: PloS One
Zachary Yu-Ching Lin, Takamasa Hirano, Shinsuke Shibata, Naomi M Seki, Ryunosuke Kitajima, Ayako Sedohara, Mikiko C Siomi, Erika Sasaki, Haruhiko Siomi, Masanori Imamura, Hideyuki Okano
Mammalian spermatogenesis has been investigated extensively in rodents and a strictly controlled developmental process has been defined at cellular and molecular levels. In comparison, primate spermatogenesis has been far less well characterized. However, important differences between primate and rodent spermatogenesis are emerging so it is not always accurate to extrapolate findings in rodents to primate systems. Here, we performed an extensive immunofluorescence study of spermatogenesis in neonatal, juvenile, and adult testes in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) to determine primate-specific patterns of gene expression that underpin primate germ cell development...
April 1, 2015: Developmental Biology
Jihye Shin, Young Chang Sohn
Stanniocalcin (STC), a glycoprotein hormone originally discovered in fish, has been implicated in calcium and phosphate homeostasis. While fishes and mammals possess two STC homologs (STC1 and STC2), the physiological roles of STC2 are largely unknown compared with those of STC1. In this study, we identified Ran-binding protein M (RanBPM) as a novel binding partner of STC2 using yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between STC2 and RanBPM was confirmed in mammalian cells by immunoprecipitation. STC2 enhanced the RanBPM-mediated transactivation of liganded androgen receptor (AR), but not thyroid receptor β, glucocorticoid receptor, or estrogen receptor β...
November 2014: BMB Reports
Louisa M Salemi, Ahmad W Almawi, Karen J Lefebvre, Caroline Schild-Poulter
In conditions of proteasomal impairment, the build-up of damaged or misfolded proteins activates a cellular response leading to the recruitment of damaged proteins into perinuclear aggregates called aggresomes. Aggresome formation involves the retrograde transport of cargo proteins along the microtubule network and is dependent on the histone deacetylase HDAC6. Here we show that ionizing radiation (IR) promotes Ran-Binding Protein M (RanBPM) relocalization into discrete perinuclear foci where it co-localizes with aggresome components ubiquitin, dynein and HDAC6, suggesting that the RanBPM perinuclear clusters correspond to aggresomes...
2014: Biology Open
Konstantinos Tsioras, Florentia Papastefanaki, Panagiotis K Politis, Rebecca Matsas, Maria Gaitanou
BM88/Cend1 is a neuronal-lineage specific modulator with a pivotal role in coordination of cell cycle exit and differentiation of neuronal precursors. In the current study we identified the signal transduction scaffolding protein Ran-binding protein M (RanBPM) as a BM88/Cend1 binding partner and showed that BM88/Cend1, RanBPM and the dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation regulated kinase 1B (Dyrk1B) are expressed in mouse brain as well as in cultured embryonic cortical neurons while RanBPM can form complexes with either of the two other proteins...
2013: PloS One
Ore Francis, Fujun Han, Josephine C Adams
Ubiquitination is an essential post-translational modification that regulates signalling and protein turnover in eukaryotic cells. Specificity of ubiquitination is driven by ubiquitin E3 ligases, many of which remain poorly understood. One such is the mammalian muskelin/RanBP9/CTLH complex that includes eight proteins, five of which (RanBP9/RanBPM, TWA1, MAEA, Rmnd5 and muskelin), share striking similarities of domain architecture and have been implicated in regulation of cell organisation. In budding yeast, the homologous GID complex acts to down-regulate gluconeogenesis...
2013: PloS One
Junwen Zhang, Wen Ma, Shuo Tian, Zhenzhen Fan, Xiaoli Ma, Xia Yang, Qiaojiajie Zhao, Kuan Tan, Hong Chen, Deng Chen, Bing-Ren Huang
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), a cytokine, and its receptors play a vital role during normal embryogenesis, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and migration. Ran-binding protein in the microtubule-organizing center (RanBPM) serves as a scaffold protein that has been shown to interact with many other proteins, such as MET, Axl/Sky, TRAF6, IFNR, TrKA and TrkB in addition to p75NTR. In the current study, we have identified RanBPM as a novel binding partner of TβRI by yeast two-hybrid assay...
January 2014: Cellular Signalling
Jun-Dong Wei, Joo-Young Kim, Ae-Kyoung Kim, Sung Key Jang, Jae-Hong Kim
BLT2, a low affinity receptor for leukotriene B4 (LTB4), is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family and is involved in many signal transduction pathways associated with various cellular phenotypes, including chemotactic motility. However, the regulatory mechanism for BLT2 has not yet been demonstrated. To understand the regulatory mechanism of BLT2, we screened and identified the proteins that bind to BLT2. Using a yeast two-hybrid assay with the BLT2 C-terminal domain as bait, we found that RanBPM, a previously proposed scaffold protein, interacts with BLT2...
September 13, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sandrine Puverel, Lino Tessarollo
RanBPM is a multimodular scaffold protein that interacts with a great variety of molecules including nuclear, cytoplasmic, and membrane proteins. By building multiprotein complexes, RanBPM is thought to regulate various signaling pathways, especially in the immune and nervous system. However, the diversity of these interactions does not facilitate the identification of its precise mechanism of action, and therefore the physiological role of RanBPM still remains unclear. Recently, RanBPM has been shown to be critical for the fertility of both genders in mouse...
2013: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Elnaz Atabakhsh, Caroline Schild-Poulter
Ran-binding protein M (RanBPM) is a nucleocytoplasmic protein of yet unknown function. We have previously shown that RanBPM inhibits expression of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 and promotes apoptosis induced by DNA damage. Here we show that the effects of RanBPM on Bcl-2 expression occur through a regulation of the ERK signaling pathway. Transient and stable down-regulation of RanBPM stimulated ERK phosphorylation, leading to Bcl-2 up-regulation, while re-expression of RanBPM reversed these effects. RanBPM was found to inhibit MEK and ERK activation induced by ectopic expression of active RasV12...
2012: PloS One
Elnaz Atabakhsh, Jean H Wang, Xu Wang, David E Carter, Caroline Schild-Poulter
RanBPM is a ubiquitous protein that has been reported to regulate several cellular processes through interactions with various proteins. However, it is not known whether RanBPM may regulate gene expression patterns. As it has been shown that RanBPM interacts with a number of transcription factors, we hypothesized that it may have wide ranging effects on gene expression that may explain its function. To test this hypothesis, we generated stable RanBPM shRNA cell lines to analyze the effect of RanBPM on global gene expression...
2012: American Journal of Cancer Research
Songli Yuan, Hui Zhu, Honglan Gou, Weiwei Fu, Lijing Liu, Tao Chen, Danxia Ke, Heng Kang, Qi Xie, Zonglie Hong, Zhongming Zhang
The symbiosis receptor kinase (SymRK) is required for morphological changes of legume root hairs triggered by rhizobial infection. How protein turnover of SymRK is regulated and how the nodulation factor signals are transduced downstream of SymRK are not known. In this report, a SymRK-interacting E3 ubiquitin ligase (SIE3) was shown to bind and ubiquitinate SymRK. The SIE3-SymRK interaction and the ubiquitination of SymRK were shown to occur in vitro and in planta. SIE3 represents a new class of plant-specific E3 ligases that contain a unique pattern of the conserved CTLH (for C-terminal to LisH), CRA (for CT11-RanBPM), and RING (for Really Interesting New Gene) domains...
September 2012: Plant Physiology
Eva Tomaštíková, Věra Cenklová, Lucie Kohoutová, Beáta Petrovská, Lenka Váchová, Petr Halada, Gabriela Kočárová, Pavla Binarová
BACKGROUND: RanBPM (Ran-binding protein in the microtubule-organizing centre) was originally reported as a centrosome-associated protein in human cells. However, RanBPM protein containing highly conserved SPRY, LisH, CTLH and CRA domains is currently considered as a scaffolding protein with multiple cellular functions. A plant homologue of RanBPM has not yet been characterized. RESULTS: Based on sequence similarity, we identified a homologue of the human RanBPM in Arabidopsis thaliana...
2012: BMC Plant Biology
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