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Soumyadip Das, Saba Haq, Suresh Ramakrishna
Ran-binding protein in the microtubule-organizing center (RanBPM) is an evolutionarily conserved, nucleocytoplasmic scaffolding protein involved in various cellular processes and several signal transduction pathways. RanBPM has a crucial role in mediating disease pathology by interacting with diverse proteins to regulate their functions. Previously, we compiled diverse cellular functions of RanBPM. Since then the functions of RanBPM have increased exponentially. In this article, we have updated the functions of RanBPM through its manifold interactions that have been investigated to date, according to their roles in protein stability, transcriptional activity, cellular development, neurobiology, and the cell cycle...
April 2018: Discovery Medicine
Wen-Hao Tang, Xin-Jie Zhuang, Shi-De Song, Han Wu, Zhe Zhang, Yu-Zhuo Yang, Hong-Liang Zhang, Jia-Ming Mao, De-Feng Liu, Lian-Ming Zhao, Hao-Cheng Lin, Kai Hong, Lu-Lin Ma, Jie Qiao, Weibing Qin, Yunge Tang, Hui Jiang
The aim of the present study was to explore the underlying mechanism and diagnostic potential of Ran‑binding protein M (RanBPM) in human spermatogenesis and oogenesis. RanBPM expression in human testis and ovaries was analysed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blotting, and immunofluorescence was performed on testis and ovary tissue sections during different developmental stages of spermatogenesis and oogenesis using RanBPM antibodies. Interactions with a variety of functional proteins were also investigated...
February 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Talita S de Araujo, Marcius S Almeida
The CTLH complex is a large, highly conserved eukaryotic complex composed of eight proteins that has been associated to several cellular functions, more often described as an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex involved in protein degradation through ubiquitination but also via vacuole-dependent degradation. A common feature observed in several components of this complex is the presence of the domains lissencephaly-1 homology (LisH) and C-terminal to LisH (CTLH). The LisH domain is found in several proteins involved in chromosome segregation, microtubule dynamics, and cell migration...
October 24, 2017: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Zehang Zhao, Shan Cheng, Catherine Zabkiewicz, Jinfeng Chen, Lijiang Zhang, Lin Ye, Wen G Jiang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Ran binding protein microtubule-organizing centre (RanBPM), also known as RanBP9, is a scaffold protein conserved through evolution. We investigated the role of RanBPM in human lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transcripts of RanBPM were determined in 56 human lung cancers along with paired normal lung tissues using real-time PCR. Association with prognosis was analyzed by online Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. In vitro lung cancer cell functional assays examined the impact of RanBPM-knockdown on cellular growth and invasion...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
Louisa M Salemi, Matthew E R Maitland, Eyal R Yefet, Caroline Schild-Poulter
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a microtubule-associated deacetylase that promotes many cellular processes that lead to cell transformation and tumour development. We previously documented an interaction between Ran-Binding Protein M (RanBPM) and HDAC6 and found that RanBPM expression inhibits HDAC6 activity. RanBPM is part of a putative E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, termed the C-terminal to LisH (CTLH) complex. Here, we investigated the involvement of the CTLH complex on HDAC6 inhibition and assessed the outcome of this regulation on the cellular motility induced by HDAC6...
July 1, 2017: BMC Cancer
Louisa M Salemi, Matthew E R Maitland, Christina J McTavish, Caroline Schild-Poulter
RanBPM (Ran-binding protein M, also called RanBP9) is an evolutionarily conserved, ubiquitous protein which localizes to both nucleus and cytoplasm. RanBPM has been implicated in the regulation of a number of signalling pathways to regulate several cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell adhesion, migration as well as transcription, and plays a critical role during development. In addition, RanBPM has been shown to regulate pathways implicated in cancer and Alzheimer's disease, implying that RanBPM has important functions in both normal and pathological development...
June 2017: Open Biology
Junwen Zhang, Xiaojie Cong, Jiajie Zhaoqiao, Xia Yang, Meng Li, Hong Chen, Ruifang Mi, Guishan Jin, Fusheng Liu, Bing-Ren Huang
Like the type I interferons (IFNs), the recently discovered cytokine IFN-λ displays antiviral, antiproliferative, and proapoptotic activities, mediated by a heterodimeric IFN-λ receptor complex composed of a unique IFN-λR1 chain and the IL-10R2 chain. However, the molecular mechanism of the IFN-λ-regulated pathway remains unclear. In this study, we newly identified RAN-binding protein M (RanBPM) as a binding partner of IFN-λR1. The interaction between RanBPM and IFN-λR1 was identified with a glutathione S-transferase pull-down assay and coimmunoprecipitation experiments...
May 24, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
Jun-Dong Wei, Jae-Hyun Jang, Jae-Hong Kim
RanBPM is a scaffolding protein that regulates several cellular processes by interacting with various proteins. Previously, we reported that RanBPM acts as a negative regulator of BLT2, a low-affinity leukotriene B4 receptor; thus, it interferes with BLT2-mediated cell motility. In the present study, we observed that the expression levels of RanBPM were markedly reduced in the highly aggressive MDA-MB-435 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines compared with those in non-invasive MCF-7 cells. Additionally, we found that the restoration of RanBPM levels suppressed the invasiveness of these aggressive breast cancer cells in a manner dependent on BLT2 activation...
January 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sandrine Puverel, Erkan Kiris, Satyendra Singh, Kimberly D Klarmann, Vincenzo Coppola, Jonathan R Keller, Lino Tessarollo
c-Kit is a tyrosine kinase receptor important for gametogenesis, hematopoiesis, melanogenesis and mast cell biology. Dysregulation of c-Kit function is oncogenic and its expression in the stem cell niche of a number of tissues has underlined its relevance for regenerative medicine and hematopoietic stem cell biology. Yet, very little is known about the mechanisms that control c-Kit protein levels. Here we show that the RanBPM/RanBP9 scaffold protein binds to c-Kit and is necessary for normal c-Kit protein expression in the mouse testis and subset lineages of the hematopoietic system...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Seung Kon Hong, Kook-Han Kim, Eun Joo Song, Eunice EunKyeong Kim
RanBPM and RanBP10 are non-canonical members of the Ran binding protein family that lack the Ran binding domain and do not associate with Ran GTPase in vivo. Rather, they have been shown to be scaffolding proteins that are important for a variety of cellular processes, and both of these proteins contain a SPRY domain, which has been implicated in mediating protein-protein interactions with a variety of targets including the DEAD-box containing ATP-dependent RNA helicase (DDX-4). In this study, we have determined the crystal structures of the SPIa and the ryanodine receptor domain and of approximately 70 upstream residues (immediate upstream to SPRY motif) of both RanBPM and RanBP10...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Shuai Shao, Ping-Hui Sun, Lucy K Satherley, Xiangyu Gao, K E Ji, Y I Feng, Yongning Jia, Jiafu Ji, Wen G Jiang, Lin Ye
AIM: Ran binding protein M (RanBPM) is a ubiquitous, nucleocytoplasmic protein that serves as a scaffolding molecule. This study aimed to investigate the role of RanBPM in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RanBPM expression in human gastric cancer tissue samples was analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The effect of RanBPM on cellular functions was examined in RanBPM-knockdown gastric cells and with in vitro cell functional assays. RESULTS: Gastric tumors with distant metastases expressed lower levels of RanBPM transcripts compared to tumours without detectable metastases (p=0...
March 2016: Anticancer Research
Dario Palmieri, Mario Scarpa, Anna Tessari, Rexhep Uka, Foued Amari, Cindy Lee, Timothy Richmond, Claudia Foray, Tyler Sheetz, Ashley Braddom, Christin E Burd, Jeffrey D Parvin, Thomas Ludwig, Carlo M Croce, Vincenzo Coppola
Ran Binding Protein 9 (RanBP9, also known as RanBPM) is an evolutionary conserved scaffold protein present both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm of cells whose biological functions remain elusive. We show that active ATM phosphorylates RanBP9 on at least two different residues (S181 and S603). In response to IR, RanBP9 rapidly accumulates into the nucleus of lung cancer cells, but this nuclear accumulation is prevented by ATM inhibition. RanBP9 stable silencing in three different lung cancer cell lines significantly affects the DNA Damage Response (DDR), resulting in delayed activation of key components of the cellular response to IR such as ATM itself, Chk2, γH2AX, and p53...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Key-Hwan Lim, Bharathi Suresh, Jung-Hyun Park, Young-Soo Kim, Suresh Ramakrishna, Kwang-Hyun Baek
The Lethal giant larvae (Lgl) gene encodes a cortical cytoskeleton protein, Lgl, and is involved in maintaining cell polarity and epithelial integrity. Previously, we observed that Mgl-1, a mammalian homologue of the Drosophila tumor suppressor protein Lgl, is subjected to degradation via ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, and scaffolding protein RanBPM prevents the turnover of the Mgl-1 protein. Consequently, overexpression of RanBPM enhances Mgl-1-mediated cell proliferation and migration. Here, we analyzed the ability of ubiquitin-specific protease 11 (USP11) as a novel regulator of Mgl-1 and it requires RanBPM to regulate proteasomal degradation of Mgl-1...
March 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Ya-Chun Yang, Tzu-Hui Feng, Tse-Yao Chen, Hsiang-Hung Huang, Chen-Chia Hung, Shih-Tung Liu, Li-Kwan Chang
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) expresses two immediate-early proteins, Rta and Zta, which are key transcription factors that can form a complex with MCAF1 at Zta-responsive elements (ZREs) to synergistically activate several viral lytic genes. Our previous research indicated that RanBPM interacts with Rta and enhances Rta sumoylation. Here we showed that RanBPM binds to Zta in vitro and in vivo, and acts as an intermediary protein in Rta-Zta complex formation. The Rta-RanBPM-Zta complex was observed to bind with ZREs in the transcriptional activation of key viral genes, such as BHLF1 and BHRF1, while the introduction of RanBPM short hairpin RNA (shRNA) subsequently reduced the synergistic activity of Zta and Rta...
August 2015: Journal of General Virology
Louisa M Salemi, Sandra O Loureiro, Caroline Schild-Poulter
RanBPM/RanBP9 is a ubiquitous, nucleocytoplasmic protein that is part of an evolutionary conserved E3 ubiquitin ligase complex whose function and targets in mammals are still unknown. RanBPM itself has been implicated in various cellular processes that involve both nuclear and cytoplasmic functions. However, to date, little is known about how RanBPM subcellular localization is regulated. We have conducted a systematic analysis of RanBPM regions that control its subcellular localization using RanBPM shRNA cells to examine ectopic RanBPM mutant subcellular localization without interference from the endogenously expressed protein...
2015: PloS One
Zachary Yu-Ching Lin, Takamasa Hirano, Shinsuke Shibata, Naomi M Seki, Ryunosuke Kitajima, Ayako Sedohara, Mikiko C Siomi, Erika Sasaki, Haruhiko Siomi, Masanori Imamura, Hideyuki Okano
Mammalian spermatogenesis has been investigated extensively in rodents and a strictly controlled developmental process has been defined at cellular and molecular levels. In comparison, primate spermatogenesis has been far less well characterized. However, important differences between primate and rodent spermatogenesis are emerging so it is not always accurate to extrapolate findings in rodents to primate systems. Here, we performed an extensive immunofluorescence study of spermatogenesis in neonatal, juvenile, and adult testes in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) to determine primate-specific patterns of gene expression that underpin primate germ cell development...
April 1, 2015: Developmental Biology
Jihye Shin, Young Chang Sohn
Stanniocalcin (STC), a glycoprotein hormone originally discovered in fish, has been implicated in calcium and phosphate homeostasis. While fishes and mammals possess two STC homologs (STC1 and STC2), the physiological roles of STC2 are largely unknown compared with those of STC1. In this study, we identified Ran-binding protein M (RanBPM) as a novel binding partner of STC2 using yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between STC2 and RanBPM was confirmed in mammalian cells by immunoprecipitation. STC2 enhanced the RanBPM-mediated transactivation of liganded androgen receptor (AR), but not thyroid receptor β, glucocorticoid receptor, or estrogen receptor β...
November 2014: BMB Reports
Louisa M Salemi, Ahmad W Almawi, Karen J Lefebvre, Caroline Schild-Poulter
In conditions of proteasomal impairment, the build-up of damaged or misfolded proteins activates a cellular response leading to the recruitment of damaged proteins into perinuclear aggregates called aggresomes. Aggresome formation involves the retrograde transport of cargo proteins along the microtubule network and is dependent on the histone deacetylase HDAC6. Here we show that ionizing radiation (IR) promotes Ran-Binding Protein M (RanBPM) relocalization into discrete perinuclear foci where it co-localizes with aggresome components ubiquitin, dynein and HDAC6, suggesting that the RanBPM perinuclear clusters correspond to aggresomes...
2014: Biology Open
Konstantinos Tsioras, Florentia Papastefanaki, Panagiotis K Politis, Rebecca Matsas, Maria Gaitanou
BM88/Cend1 is a neuronal-lineage specific modulator with a pivotal role in coordination of cell cycle exit and differentiation of neuronal precursors. In the current study we identified the signal transduction scaffolding protein Ran-binding protein M (RanBPM) as a BM88/Cend1 binding partner and showed that BM88/Cend1, RanBPM and the dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation regulated kinase 1B (Dyrk1B) are expressed in mouse brain as well as in cultured embryonic cortical neurons while RanBPM can form complexes with either of the two other proteins...
2013: PloS One
Ore Francis, Fujun Han, Josephine C Adams
Ubiquitination is an essential post-translational modification that regulates signalling and protein turnover in eukaryotic cells. Specificity of ubiquitination is driven by ubiquitin E3 ligases, many of which remain poorly understood. One such is the mammalian muskelin/RanBP9/CTLH complex that includes eight proteins, five of which (RanBP9/RanBPM, TWA1, MAEA, Rmnd5 and muskelin), share striking similarities of domain architecture and have been implicated in regulation of cell organisation. In budding yeast, the homologous GID complex acts to down-regulate gluconeogenesis...
2013: PloS One
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