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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110402/muscular-atrophy-in-severe-cases-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-prognostic-factors-and-outcome-after-surgical-treatment
#1
Markus Bruder, Stephan Dützmann, Nourdin Rekkab, Johanna Quick, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is a frequent neuropathy, leading to sensor-motoric dysfunction. Many patients even present with muscular atrophy as a sign for severe and long-lasting nerve impairment, usually suggesting unfavourable outcome. We analysed if those patients benefit from surgical treatment on a long-term basis. METHODS: Between January 2010 and March 2015, 42 consecutive cases of CuTS with atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles were surgically treated in our department...
January 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109984/the-long-term-course-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-from-unilateral-to-bilateral-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-in-repeated-video-eeg-monitorings
#2
Stephanie Gollwitzer, Catherine A Scott, Fiona Farrell, Gail S Bell, Jane de Tisi, Matthew C Walker, Tim Wehner, Josemir W Sander, Hajo M Hamer, Beate Diehl
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) and ictal patterns are common in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and have been associated with decreased chances of seizure freedom after epilepsy surgery. It is unclear whether secondary epileptogenesis, although demonstrated in experimental models, exists in humans and may account for progression of epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed consecutive video-EEG recordings from 1992 to 2014 repeated at least two years apart (mean interval 6...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109862/twist-drill-procedure-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-evacuation-an-analysis-of-predictors-for-treatment-success
#3
F Jablawi, H Kweider, O Nikoubashman, H Clusmann, G A Schubert
BACKGROUND: Twist drill craniostomy (TDC) is a "minimally invasive" and cost-effective technique to treat chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH). Predictors for treatment success such as imaging characteristics, hematoma volume, and drainage volume - are not established, thus they are purpose of this analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all data of CSDH patients undergoing TDC in our institution between January 2010 and December 2013. We analyzed imaging characteristics (extension and composition), volumetrically calculated pre- and postoperative hematoma volumes, measured drainage volume, and clinical course...
January 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109479/therapeutic-use-of-the-hpv-vaccine-in-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-case-report
#4
Christopher Sullivan, Stuart Curtis, Jason Mouzakes
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is a condition characterized by recurring squamous papillomas in the aerodigestive tract due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Treatment includes surgical debridement of the lesions often with adjuvant therapy. A newer adjuvant agent being tested is the HPV vaccine. The case report includes a child with RRP who underwent 10 surgeries in a year with an average inter-surgical interval (ISI) of 46 days. The patient then received the scheduled regimen of 3 doses of 9 valent HPV vaccine...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109195/fungal-periprosthetic-joint-infection-following-total-elbow-arthroplasty-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Cory A Kwong, Shannon K T Puloski, Kevin A Hildebrand
BACKGROUND: With improving surgical techniques for total elbow arthroplasty clinical outcomes have improved and its utilization continues to increase. Despite these advances, complication rates remain as high as 24%. Of these complications periprosthetic joint infection is one of the most common and morbid. The rheumatoid elbow remains a leading indication for total elbow arthroplasty. Patients with this condition frequently require immunosuppressive therapy, which places them at higher risk of both typical and atypical infections...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108406/berry-s-ligament-and-the-inferior-thyroid-artery-as-reliable-anatomical-landmarks-for-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-a-fresh-cadaveric-study-of-the-cervical-spine-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-rln-relevant-to-spine
#6
Ali Rajabian, Michael Walsh, Nasir A Quraishi
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Whilst most cadaveric studies of the RLN have focused on course variations, they have usually been done on preserved (fixed and embalmed) cadavers which renders the RLN immobile and of less surgical landmark value. PURPOSE: Our aim was to perform a thorough exposure in fresh cadavers with the intention of investigating inferior thyroid artery and Berry's ligament as reliable landmarks for the identification of the RLN in anterior cervical spine surgery...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108236/comparison-between-piezosurgery-and-conventional-osteotomy-in%C3%A2-cranioplasty-with-fronto-orbital-advancement
#7
Markus Martini, Andreas Röhrig, Rudolf Hermann Reich, Martina Messing-Jünger
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty of patients with craniosynostosis requires rapid, precise and gentle osteotomy of the skull to avoid complications and benefit the healing process. The aim of this prospective clinical study was to compare two different methods of osteotomy. Piezosurgery and conventional osteotomy were compared using an oscillating saw and high speed drill while performing cranioplasties with fronto-orbital advancement. METHODS: Thirty-four children who required cranioplasty with fronto-orbital advancement were recruited consecutively...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107224/abdominal-sepsis
#8
Quirine J J Boldingh, Fleur E E de Vries, Marja A Boermeester
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent evidence on the treatment of abdominal sepsis with a specific emphasis on the surgical treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: A multitude of surgical approaches towards abdominal sepsis are practised. Recent evidence shows that immediate closure of the abdomen has a better outcome. A short course of antibiotics has a similar effect as a long course of antibiotics in patients with intra-abdominal infection without severe sepsis. SUMMARY: Management of abdominal sepsis requires a multidisciplinary approach...
January 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105901/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-staged-excision-and-definitive-closure-with-split-thickness-skin-graft-for-axillary-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-retrospective-study
#9
F B Pearce, K A Richardson
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral axillary hidradenitis is a chronic, suppurative, and scarring disease that is most effectively treated by complete excision of all hair-bearing tissues. We assessed our staged procedure for excision and placement of a split-thickness skin graft for bilateral axillary hidradenitis in terms of costs, outcomes, and timing of excision. METHOD: An IRB approved retrospective case analysis was performed on patients that underwent bilateral axillary hidradenitis skin excision with eventual placement of split-thickness skin grafting using the current LSUHSC/University Health hidradenitis surgical treatment protocol...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105502/transfracture-medial-transposition-of-the-radial-nerve-associated-with-plate-fixation-of-the-humerus
#10
Ali Hassan Chamseddine, Amer Abdallah, Hadi Zein, Assad Taha
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to illustrate safety, feasibility and advantages of transfracture medial transposition of the radial nerve during the lateral approach and lateral plating of humeral fractures located in the mid and distal shaft. METHODS: This was a retrospective review and analysis of medical records and radiographs of 19 patients who underwent a transfracture medial transposition of the radial nerve. Fifteen patients were treated for fresh fracture and four for nonunion...
January 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105497/comparison-of-traditional-and-emerging-surgical-therapies-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-a-review
#11
Christopher Smith, Paul Craig, Shayandokht Taleb, Shamar Young, Jafar Golzarian
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most common health issues in men and pose a significant economic challenge in healthcare. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) remains the gold standard surgical treatment for medically refractive LUTS secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. The institution of medical therapy and the development of several minimally invasive surgical therapies (MISTs) began in the 1980's and 1990's. Together, these therapies brought about a change in the natural course of the disease, stimulating investigation into the economic consequences of various management approaches...
January 19, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105087/long-term-prognostic-analysis-of-early-interventional-therapy-for-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#12
Qiang Li, Zongxue Yu, Jinjun Wang, Xiao Chen, Lin Li
The aim of the present study was to observe the long-term prognostic value of early interventional therapy for lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LDVT). In total, 85 patients diagnosed with LDVT for the first time were consecutively selected (identified course of disease was <3 months), and were divided into the control group with 43 cases and the observation group with 42 cases according to different therapeutic methods. The control group received anticoagulation therapy and thrombolysis, or integrated surgical thrombectomy, a conventional open operation, while the observation group received comprehensive treatment, combining endovascular catheter-directed thrombolysis and thrombectomy...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104525/regional-spinal-cord-atrophy-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-after-surgery-on-intramedullary-spinal-cord-ependymoma-a-new-aspect-of-delayed-neurological-deterioration
#13
Bedjan Behmanesh, Florian Gessler, Johanna Quick-Weller, Andrea Spyrantis, Lioba Imöhl, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of patients suffer delayed neurological deficits even after a successful removal of intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma. The underlying pathology remains unknown. Radiological findings could be an explanation for poor outcome after surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all cases treated from 1980 to 2016 in our department. Included were all patients with intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma treated with microsurgical excision...
January 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104139/a-renal-paratransplant-hernia-causing-complete-small-bowel-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
T Zingg, H Teixeira Farinha, N Demartines, M Pascual, M Matter
A rare type of acquired internal hernia, the renal paratransplant hernia (RPTH), of which only 11 cases have been reported in the literature so far, can follow renal transplantation. We report a patient who presented with acute abdominal pain and vomiting 6 weeks after renal transplantation in the right iliac fossa. A noncontrast abdominal computed tomography scan showed signs of small bowel obstruction. The patient was taken to the operating room for a midline laparotomy, and RPTH with incarcerated small bowel was diagnosed...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104135/renal-allograft-aspergillus-infection-presenting-with-obstructive-uropathy-a-case-report
#15
L Sadagah, M Alharbi, M Alshomrani, A Almalki
BACKGROUND: Isolated renal allograft aspergillosis is rare and usually presents with fever and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Presentation with obstructive uropathy caused by aspergillus fungal balls is much less common. We report a young male patient who presented with obstructive uropathy secondary to isolated renal allograft aspergillus infection 6 weeks after transplant. He was treated with nephrectomy and antifungal medications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old Saudi male patient had a recent living non-related kidney transplantation in Pakistan...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104127/calcineurin-inhibitor-induced-pain-syndrome-in-abo-incompatible-living-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#16
S Ishida, M Kato, T Fujita, Y Funahashi, N Sassa, Y Matsukawa, Y Yoshino, T Yamamoto, T Katsuno, S Maruyama, M Gotoh
BACKGROUND: Calcineurin-inhibitor-induced pain syndrome (CIPS) was used as a reference in the literature as reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome related to calcineurin inhibitors. Much of the literature describes CIPS that occurred after kidney and bone marrow transplantation. We describe a rare case of CIPS in induction immunosuppression before kidney transplantation, under administration of an anti-rheumatoid drug. METHODS: A 53-year-old woman had pre-status of ABO-incompatible living kidney transplantation...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104108/persisting-hypocalcemia-after-surgical-parathyroidectomy-the-differential-effectiveness-of-calcium-citrate-versus-calcium-carbonate-with-acid-suppression
#17
Sabahat Afshan, Abdeen R Farah Musa, Vonda Echols, Anna A Lerant, Tibor Fülöp
The effectiveness of oral calcium (Ca) may be contingent on a patient׳s factors beyond compliance, such as proton-pump inhibitor use and the choice of calcium supplements. A 32-year-old Hispanic male with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis underwent successful surgical parathyroidectomy (intact parathyroid hormone level: 2,328pg/mL; postsurgical: 287-69pg/mL [normal: 8.5-72.5]). His postoperative course was complicated by severe and recurrent hypocalcemia as outpatient and he needed repeated admissions for intravenous Ca gluconate...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104014/-individualized-treatment-of-bilateral-carotid-body-tumor
#18
Y R Feng, X H Chen, X J Kou, Y L Bai, F Q Lu, J Yang, B C Wang
Objective: To investigate individualized therapeutic strategy for bilateral carotid body tumors. Methods: Clinical data of 16 patients with bilateral carotid body tumor treated from January 2003 to August 2016 were retrospectively studied. Of the 16 patients, 9 were males and 7 were females; 5 were sporadic and 11 were familial; 8 cases were observed, 1 cases was malignant and treated with chemotherapy, and 7 cases were treated with surgery. The treatment course, perioperative complications and clinical efficacy were assessed...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103500/thoracoscopic-surgery-in-the-prone-position-for-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-report-of-two-cases
#19
Toru Nakano, Takashi Kamei, Yu Onodera, Naoto Ujiie, Noriaki Ohuchi
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital condition characterized by a complete transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. Here, we present two successful cases of left thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position for SIT-associated esophageal cancer. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Our first case was of an 82-year-old man who underwent a left thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position, followed by hand-assisted laparoscopic gastric mobilization...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102530/surgeon-preparedness-for-mass-casualty-events-adapting-essential-military-surgical-lessons-for-the-home-front
#20
Kyle N Remick, Stacy Shackelford, John S Oh, Jason M Seery, Daniel Grabo, John Chovanes, Kirby R Gross, Shawn C Nessen, Nigel Rm Tai, Rory F Rickard, Eric Elster, C W Schwab
Military surgeons have gained familiarity and experience with mass casualty events (MCEs) as a matter of routine over the course of the last two conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Over the same period of time, civilian surgeons have increasingly faced complex MCEs on the home front. Our objective is to summarize and adapt these combat surgery lessons to enhance civilian surgeon preparedness for complex MCEs on the home front. The authors describe the unique lessons learned from combat surgery over the course of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and adapt these lessons to enhance civilian surgical readiness for a MCE on the home front...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
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