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pneumonia pregnancy

G Chistyakova, I Gazieva, I Remizova, L Ustyantseva, V Lyapunov, S Bychkova
We conducted a study of markers of endothelial dysfunction and angiogenesis regulation, as well as the identification of the main lymphocyte populations, activated CD3 (+) CD95(+)-cells and cytokine-producing CD4 (+) IFN-γ(+)-, CD4 (+) IL-4(+ )-lymphocytes in the 1st trimester of gestation in women with ART-induced pregnancy and spontaneous pregnancy. We used the same indicators to assess the immune status of ELBW infants at birth and at the post-conceptual age of 38-40 weeks. It was determined that the risk factors of very early preterm delivery are: threatened miscarriage, chronic placental insufficiency, endothelial dysfunction, increased spontaneous production of intracellular cytokines...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
V R Badhwar, S Ganapathy, P P Prabhudesai, N K Tulara, A Y Varaiya, D Vyas
In community and family practice, infections are a common OPD presentation. In the management of common bacterial infections seen in community especially RTI, UTI, SSTI; cefuroxime a second generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of activity can be used for empirical treatment. To know current place of cefuroxime in the management of infections, physicians, surgeons, microbiologist, chest physician, gynecologist and pediatrician came together to discuss and debate their experience with cefuroxime and its place in today's world...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Akwugo A Eziefule, Solafa Elshatanoufy, Mili Thakur, Frederico G Rocha
Background Propofol is a widely known, commonly used drug. Complications can occur with the use of this drug, including propofol-related infusion syndrome (PRIS). PRIS, in the obstetric population, has not been documented; however, we report a case of a patient who developed PRIS after an emergent cesarean delivery of a preterm infant. Case Study A 35-year-old multigravida woman presented complaining of leakage of fluid and decreased fetal movement. Her pregnancy was complicated by methadone maintenance therapy due to a history of opioid abuse...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Shaun K Morris, Lisa G Pell, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Michelle C Dimitris, Abdullah Mahmud, M Munirul Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Tahmid Kashem, Shaila S Shanta, Jonathan Gubbay, Eszter Papp, Michelle Science, Stanley Zlotkin, Daniel E Roth
BACKGROUND: Early infancy is a high-risk period for severe acute respiratory infection (ARI), particularly in low-income countries with resource-limited health systems. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is commonly preceded by upper respiratory infection (URTI), and often caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza and other common community-acquired viral pathogens. Vitamin D status is a candidate modifiable early-life determinant of the host antiviral immune response and thus may influence the risk of ARI-associated morbidity in high-risk populations...
October 13, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Nikolai Todorov
AIM: The aim of this publication is to present a case of CMV infection during pregnancy, with clinical manifestations of the development of microcephaly and simultaneous dilatation of the 3rd and 4th brain ventricle at 23 weeks gestation. This article discusses the role of ultrasound screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 25-year-old woman with the initials S.K. in her second pregnancy that came to our antenatal Consulting Centre...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Devrim Emel Alici, Abdullah Sayiner, Serhat Unal
Immunization is an important component of preventive healthcare services aiming to prevent and eventually eradicate infectious diseases by immunizing people before they become infected. Although immunization is an integral part of children's healthcare, this fact is underrated, even ignored in adults. In Turkey, adult immunization is available only for certain high risk groups such as health care professionals and populations aged >65 years and under certain conditions including pregnancy, military service, travel-pilgrimage, and employment procedures...
September 26, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Kelly B Kamm, Jelena Vujcic, Sharifa Nasreen, Stephen P Luby, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhoea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long-term behaviour after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits. Expecting mothers may experience emotional and social changes that create a unique environment that may encourage adoption of improved handwashing habits. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to an intensive handwashing intervention in the perinatal period (perinatal arm) was associated with improved maternal handwashing behaviour vs...
September 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Gustavo M Rocha, Filipa S Flor-DE-Lima, Hercília A Guimaraes
BACKGROUND: Grunting respirations occurring in the first hours of life is a frequent nonspecific clinical sign. Our objective was to assess the clinical significance of grunting lasting over two hours of birth in term and near term newborns. +0 METHODS: A five years retrospective study of all newborns >35 weeks of gestational age admitted for grunting to a level III NICU. RESULTS: Prolongued grunting occurred in 1.2% of the delivered newborns. Data on 151 grunter newborns and 302 controls were reviewed...
September 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Shih-Yu Huang, Po-Han Lo, Wei-Min Liu, Yih-Giun Cherng, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes after nonobstetric surgical procedures in pregnant patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 5591 pregnant women who underwent nonobstetric surgical procedures using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database 2008-2012 claims data. Using a propensity score matching procedure, 22,364 nonpregnant women were selected for comparison. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs of postoperative complications and in-hospital mortality associated with pregnancy...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Julio César Cambray-Gutiérrez, Ulises Noel García-Ramírez, Leonel Gerardo Del Rivero-Hernández, Patricia López-Pérez, Aurora Chávez-García
BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency is the most commonly-diagnosed primary immunodeficiency in adults; it is characterized by recurrent sinopulmonary and gastrointestinal infections, and increased incidence of malignancy and autoimmune processes. Many patients begin to have clinical manifestations during reproductive age. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old woman with 12 weeks of gestation who was diagnosed with common variable immunodeficiency after recurrent episodes of rhinosinusitis, pharyngoamygdalitis, and pneumonia...
July 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
C Jespersen, I G Helmuth, T G Krause
Primary infection with varicella-zoster virus in pregnancy poses a risk of severe infection and embryopathies. Upon exposure, seronegative women are candidates for varicella-zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG). The aim of this paper was to describe risk factors for VZIG treatment including sources of varicella exposure and to study how many women developed clinical infection and received postpartum vaccination. We identified all pregnant women who received VZIG from December 2005 to March 2015. Additional information was obtained from Danish registers and a follow-up questionnaire...
August 18, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Amira El-Messidi, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim Arie Abenhaim
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, tuberculosis remains a major health concern, with an estimated 9.6 million people infected in the year 2014, of which one-third were women. Tuberculosis is estimated to be even more prevalent in pregnant women than the general population. To date there is conflicting evidence on the maternal and neonatal complications of tuberculosis in pregnancy OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in the incidence of tuberculosis in pregnancy and to examine the associations between tuberculosis in pregnancy and maternal and fetal complications...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Deshayne B Fell, Kumanan Wilson, Robin Ducharme, Steven Hawken, Ann E Sprague, Jeffrey C Kwong, Graeme Smith, Shi Wu Wen, Mark C Walker
BACKGROUND: Infants are at high risk for influenza illness, but are ineligible for vaccination before 6 months. Transfer of maternal antibodies to the fetus has been demonstrated for 2009 A/H1N1 pandemic vaccines; however, clinical effectiveness is unknown. Our objective was to evaluate the association between 2009 A/H1N1 pandemic vaccination during pregnancy and rates of infant influenza and pneumonia. METHODS: We linked a population-based birth cohort to administrative databases to measure rates of influenza and pneumonia diagnosed during ambulatory physician visits, hospitalizations and emergency department visits during one year of follow-up...
2016: PloS One
Ju Hee Yeo, Lifeng Zhou, Remy Lim
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the rate of indeterminate CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) in a general hospital and evaluated potential contributing factors to an indeterminate CTPA and patients' eventual clinical outcome. METHODS: Four hundred and three consecutive CTPA and their finalised report from 01/08/2012 to 05/12/2012 at Waitemata DHB were reviewed retrospectively. Patient demographics, scan parameters and average Hounsfield unit (HU) of the main pulmonary trunk (PT) and likely cause of indeterminate study were documented...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Anja Saso, Beate Kampmann
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important viral cause of pneumonia in early childhood (ie, younger than 2 years), responsible for high infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is widely accepted that an effective vaccine against RSV would have a major impact on child health globally. Despite the setbacks of the clinical trials in the 1960s, there has been a recent and significant revival of interest in vaccines against RSV, with several promising candidates undergoing evaluation. In this Review, we describe the epidemiological and immunological background to RSV infection and subsequently focus on the promising pipeline of RSV vaccine development...
August 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Y-J Xu, L-M Ran, S-S Zhai, X-H Luo, Y-Y Zhang, Z-Y Zhou, Y-H Liu, L-D Ren, T Hong, R Liu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of atosiban in treating women with threatened preterm labor who had become pregnant through assisted reproductive technology (ART) and the corresponding pregnancy outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy pregnant women with threatened preterm labor after ART were randomly divided into two groups, with 35 cases in the atosiban group and 35 in the ritodrine group. The post-treatment effects and the corresponding pregnancy outcomes were observed...
May 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Laura M Lamberti, Christa L Fischer Walker, Robert E Black
Zinc is a key micronutrient of particular importance during childhood and pregnancy. Zinc deficiency has been linked to increased infection and stunting among children and is a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes and preterm delivery. Targeted interventions have the potential to alleviate the adverse effects of zinc deficiency via therapeutic and preventive supplementation, fortification and biofortification, but implementation is challenging. A growing number of low- and middle- income countries have introduced national policies for zinc treatment of diarrhea among children under 5 years in response to mounting evidence of reduced episode duration and severity as well as reduced incidence in the ensuing months, but coverage remains low in the absence of effective scale-up efforts...
2016: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nissi Priya Mekapogu, Swarnalatha Gundela, Renuka Devi Avula
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a known risk factor for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). However, the influence of diabetes on antenatal ASB was previously not addressed. AIM: The prevalence of ASB, effect of risk factors and type of isolates and susceptibility patterns were studied in diabetic pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 311 pregnant women were recruited for this study of which 103 were diabetic and 208 non-diabetic. A clean catch midstream urine samples were collected and cultured...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jolanda C Naafs, Mirjam Y Kleinhout
General practitioners and paediatricians are frequently confronted with coughing infants. The age of the infant, the history of both mother and child, as well as the current maternal condition may provide important diagnostic information. A 4-week-old male infant was referred to the paediatrician with a persistent cough. He was admitted to hospital with dyspnoea and need for supplemental oxygen. Meanwhile, his mother was admitted with unexplained abdominal pain and elevated laboratory inflammation markers. Her history revealed an ectopic pregnancy...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Kristina Adachi, Jeffrey D Klausner, Jiahong Xu, Bonnie Ank, Claire C Bristow, Mariza G Morgado, D Heather Watts, Fred Weir, David Persing, Lynne M Mofenson, Valdilea G Veloso, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Mariana Ceriotto, Daisy Maria Machado, Yvonne J Bryson, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Francisco I Bastos, George Siberry, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in pregnancy such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) may lead to adverse infant outcomes. METHODS: Individual urine specimens from HIV-infected pregnant women diagnosed with HIV during labor were collected at the time of infant birth and tested by polymerase chain reaction for CT and NG. Infant HIV infection was determined at 3 months with morbidity/mortality assessed through 6 months. RESULTS: Of 1373 maternal urine samples, 277 (20...
August 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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