keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pneumonia pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987552/is-infection-an-independent-risk-factor-for-venous-thromboembolism-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Kevin P Cohoon, Aneel A Ashrani, Daniel J Crusan, Tanya M Petterson, Kent R Bailey, John A Heit
BACKGROUND: The independent association of recent infection with venous thromboembolism is uncertain. The purpose of the study was to test both overall infection (site unspecified) and specific infection sites as potential risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism adjusting for other known venous thromboembolism factors. METHODS: Using Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) resources, we identified all Olmsted County, MN residents with objectively-diagnosed incident deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism over the 13-year period, 1988-2000 (cases; n=1303), and 1-2 residents without venous thromboembolism matched to each case on age, sex and incident venous thromboembolism date (controls; n=1494)...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959436/expanding-the-population-coverage-of-evidence-based-interventions-with-community-health-workers-to-save-the-lives-of-mothers-and-children-an-analysis-of-potential-global-impact-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#2
Victoria B Chou, Ingrid K Friberg, Mervyn Christian, Neff Walker, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been accumulating that community health workers (CHWs) providing evidence-based interventions as part of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can lead to reductions in maternal, neonatal and child mortality. However, investments to strengthen and scale-up CHW programs still remain modest. METHODS: We used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to estimate the number of maternal, neonatal and child deaths and stillbirths that could be prevented if 73 countries effectively scaled up the population coverage of 30 evidence-based interventions that CHWs can deliver in these high-burden countries...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937705/interventions-for-treating-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, David Oa Eriksson, Kevin Bengtsson, Göran K Lingman
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) infection may lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labour, low birthweight, preterm rupture of membranes, increased perinatal mortality, postpartum endometritis, chlamydial conjunctivitis and C.trachomatis pneumonia.This review supersedes a previous review on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To establish the most efficacious and best-tolerated therapy for treatment of genital chlamydial infection in preventing maternal infection and adverse neonatal outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903080/transplacental-transfer-of-maternal-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-antibody-and-protection-against-rsv-disease-in-infants-in-rural-nepal
#4
Helen Y Chu, James Tielsch, Joanne Katz, Amalia S Magaret, Subarna Khatry, Stephen C LeClerq, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Mark C Steinhoff, Janet A Englund
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important viral cause of pneumonia in children. RSV-specific antibody (ab) protects infants from disease, and may be increased by a potential strategy of maternal RSV vaccination. OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of RSV antibody on RSV infection risk in infants in a resource-limited setting. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study in Nepal, women were enrolled during pregnancy and maternal and infant cord blood were collected at birth...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872090/-therapeutic-effect-of-one-day-outpatient-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#6
Nianquan Liao, Jiayou Luo, Xu Zhou, Jiabi Qin
To study the effect of one-day outpatient intervention on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients, and to explore the pregnancy outcome relevant to GDM patients and their fetus.
 Methods: The GDM patients were divided into two groups according to their own intention to the one-day outpatient. According to systematic sampling method, we chose 200 GDM patients from the above 2 groups, respectively. The 200 GDM patients in the control group were matched the observation group with the age and gestational age, then the pregnancy outcome was tracked...
August 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803456/evaluation-of-prenatal-corticosteroid-use-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor-in-the-brazilian-multicenter-study-on-preterm-birth-emip
#7
Tabata Z Dias, Renato Passini, Ricardo P Tedesco, Giuliane J Lajos, Patricia M Rehder, Marcelo L Nomura, Maria L Costa, Paulo F Oliveira, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal corticosteroid use in women experiencing spontaneous preterm labor and preterm delivery. METHODS: The present cross-sectional multicenter study analyzed interview data from patients attending 20 hospitals in Brazil owing to preterm delivery between April 1, 2011 and July 30, 2012. Patients were stratified based on preterm delivery occurring before 34 weeks or at 34-36(+6)  weeks of pregnancy, and the frequency of prenatal corticosteroid use at admission was compared...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797487/clinical-manifestations-and-treatment-of-blastomycosis
#8
REVIEW
Joseph A McBride, Gregory M Gauthier, Bruce S Klein
The causal agents of blastomycosis, Blastomyces dermatitidis and Blastomyces gilchristii, belong to a group of thermally dimorphic fungi that can infect healthy and immunocompromised individuals. Following inhalation of mycelial fragments and spores into the lungs, Blastomyces spp convert into pathogenic yeast and evade host immune defenses to cause pneumonia and disseminated disease. The clinical spectrum of pulmonary blastomycosis is diverse. The diagnosis of blastomycosis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion and involves culture-based and non-culture-based fungal diagnostic tests...
September 2017: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766094/risk-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-morbidity-in-postpartum-women-in-rural-bangladesh
#9
Pamela J Surkan, Kwame S Sakyi, Parul Christian, Sucheta Mehra, Alain Labrique, Hasmot Ali, Barkat Ullah, Lee Wu, Rolf Klemm, Mahbubur Rashid, Keith P West, Donna M Strobino
Objectives Depression following pregnancy is common, but its extent and association with maternal morbidity in the first 6 months postpartum have not been well described in low resource settings such as rural Bangladesh. Methods We used data from a population-based, community trial of approximately 39,000 married rural Bangladeshi women aged 13-44 between 2001 and 2007 to examine the relation between women's reported morbidity symptoms from childbirth to 3 months postpartum, and subsequent depressive symptoms assessed at 6 months postpartum...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757329/infections-following-surgical-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ligation-in-very-low-birthweight-neonates
#10
K Kopeć-Godlewska, J Wójkowska-Mach
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates (<1500g) comprise approximately 1% of liveborn infants in Poland. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common complication of prematurity. This study aimed to determine how many VLBW neonates treated in the participating units needed surgical correction of PDA, and to evaluate the incidence of various types of postoperative infections and their microbiology. METHODS: Observational study in five neonatology departments by the Polish Neonatology Surveillance Network, involving 2039 VLBW newborns of whom 103 (5...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680463/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-herpes-simplex-1-virus-infection-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Rachel Lee, Manju Nair
A nulliparous woman presented at 21 weeks' gestation with a 72-h history of a rash on her left arm. Initially isolated to the forearm, it had quickly spread, becoming multiple itchy fluid-filled blisters. Blood tests showed mild neutrophilia and raised CRP. Skin swabs demonstrated the presence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1) DNA. There was no history of previous HSV1 exposure. There is scant literature on uncomplicated cutaneous HSV1 since the majority is oral/genital. The incidence of transmission varies and is dependent on site of infection and immunological status...
June 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640002/trends-in-diagnoses-among-hospitalizations-of-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2003-2012
#12
Stacey A Hurst, Alexander C Ewing, Sascha R Ellington, Athena P Kourtis
OBJECTIVE: Using data from 2003-2012, we updated a previous analysis of trends in hospitalizations of HIV-infected children and adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the Kids´ Inpatient Database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to derive nationally representative estimates of the number of hospitalizations and the rates per 1000 hospitalizations of select discharge diagnoses and procedures in 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2012 among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children and adolescents ≤18 years, excluding hospitalizations for conditions related to pregnancy/delivery and neonatal diagnoses...
October 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600633/igm-mediated-autoimmune-responses-to-oxidative-specific-epitopes-but-not-nitrosylated-adducts-are-significantly-decreased-in-pregnancy-association-with-bacterial-translocation-perinatal-and-lifetime-major-depression-and-the-tryptophan-catabolite-trycat-pathway
#13
Chutima Roomruangwong, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, George Anderson, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Michael Maes
Immunoglubulin (Ig)M responses directed to oxidative specific epitopes (OSEs) and nitric oxide (NO)-adducts are significantly associated with major depression and physio-somatic symptoms. End of term serum IgM responses to OSEs and NO-adducts were assayed in pregnant women with (n = 24) and without prenatal depression (n = 25) as well as in 24 non-pregnant women. Associations of IgM/IgA responses to Gram-negative gut commensal bacteria (leaky gut index) and IgA/IgM responses to tryptophan catabolites (TRYCATs) were analyzed...
June 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595858/risk-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-among-pregnant-women
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yasunori Suematsu, Yoshitsugu Obi, Akihiro Shimomura, Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Nosratola D Vaziri, Ninh T Nguyen, Michael J Stamos, Hirohito Ichii
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a critical complication after surgery. Although pregnancy is a known risk factor of VTE, available data on the risk of postoperative VTE are scarce. Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2006 and 2012, we matched 2,582 pregnant women to 103,640 nonpregnant women based on age, race, body mass index, and modified Rogers score. Pregnant women, compared with matched nonpregnant women, experienced higher incidence of VTE (0...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590928/diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-with-serum-cell-free-dna-in-non-hiv-infected-immunocompromised-patients
#15
Dong Wang, Yang Hu, Ting Li, Heng-Mo Rong, Zhao-Hui Tong
Conventional respiratory tract specimens, such as bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and induced sputum for diagnosing Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients are difficult to obtain. Besides, bronchoscopy is an invasive procedure that carries the risk of causing rapidly progressive respiratory insufficiency. By contrast, serum cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is easy to obtain and has been proven useful in diagnosing cancer, pregnancy associated complications, parasite infection and sepsis...
May 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575286/efficacy-of-maternal-influenza-vaccination-against-all-cause-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-hospitalizations-in-young-infants-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Marta C Nunes, Clare L Cutland, Stephanie Jones, Sarah Downs, Adriana Weinberg, Justin R Ortiz, Kathleen M Neuzil, Eric A F Simões, Keith P Klugman, Shabir A Madhi
Background: Influenza immunization of pregnant women protects their young infants against laboratory-confirmed influenza infection. Influenza infection might predispose to subsequent bacterial infections that cause severe pneumonia. In a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial (RCT), we evaluated the effect of maternal vaccination on infant hospitalizations for all-cause acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI). Methods: Infants born to women who participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled RCT in 2011 and 2012 on the efficacy of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) during pregnancy were followed during the first 6 months of life...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562701/role-of-primary-health-care-in-child-hospitalization-due-to-pneumonia-a-case-control-study
#17
Juliana Coelho Pina, Suzana Alves de Moraes, Isabel Cristina Martins de Freitas, Débora Falleiros de Mello
Objective: to evaluate the association of primary health care and other potential factors in relation to hospitalization due to pneumonia, among children aged under five years. Method: epidemiological study with a case-control, hospital-based design, which included 345 cases and 345 controls, matched according to gender, age and hospital. Data were collected using a pre-coded questionnaire and the Primary Care Assessment Tool, analyzed by means of multivariate logistic regression, following the assumptions of a hierarchical approach...
May 22, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560149/non-invasive-ventilation-in-a-pregnancy-with-severe-pneumonia
#18
Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Saedah Ali, Huda Zainal Abidin, Ariffin Marzuki Mokhtar, Laila Ab Mukmin, Zeti Norfidiyati Ayub, Chandran Nadarajan
INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is not proven to be effective in treating respiratory failure in severe pneumonia. However, some clinicians nevertheless attempt NIV to indirectly deliver adequate oxygenation and avoid unnecessary endotracheal intubation. CASE PRESENTATION: In this article, we report the case of a 24-year-old woman at 32 weeks' gestation who presented with hypoxemic respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. She was successfully managed by NIV...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552511/maternal-tdap-vaccination-and-risk-of-infant-morbidity
#19
Malini DeSilva, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, James D Nordin, Heather S Lipkind, Nicola P Klein, T Craig Cheetham, Allison L Naleway, Simon J Hambidge, Grace M Lee, Michael L Jackson, Natalie L McCarthy, Elyse O Kharbanda
INTRODUCTION: An increased risk of diagnosed chorioamnionitis in women vaccinated with Tdap during pregnancy was previously detected at two Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) sites. The clinical significance of this finding related to infant outcomes remains uncertain. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of singleton live births born to women who were continuously insured from 6months prior to their last menstrual period through 6weeks postpartum, with ≥1 outpatient visit during pregnancy from January 1, 2010 to November 15, 2013 at seven integrated United States health care systems part of the VSD...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528140/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-respiratory-failure-during-pregnancy
#20
Chen-Yiu Hung, Han-Chung Hu, Li-Chung Chiu, Chih-Hao Chang, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Chuan-Chi Kao, Po-Jen Cheng, Kuo-Chin Kao
BACKGROUND: Obstetric patients comprise a limited portion of intensive care unit patients, but they often present with unfamiliar conditions and exhibit the potential for catastrophic deterioration. This study evaluated the maternal and neonatal outcomes of respiratory failure during pregnancy. METHODS: Information on 71 patients at >25 weeks gestation in the ICU with respiratory failure was recorded between 2009 and 2013. The characteristics and outcomes of mothers and fetuses were determined through a retrospective chart review and evaluated using Student's t test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
keyword
keyword
79387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"