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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345166/effects-of-coffee-components-on-muscle-glycogen-recovery-a-systematic-review
#1
Laís Monteiro Rodrigues Loureiro, Caio Eduardo Gonçalves Reis, Teresa Helena Macedo da Costa
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world and it can improve insulin sensitivity, stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle when adequate carbohydrate intake is observed. The aim of this review is to analyze the effects of coffee and coffee components on muscle glycogen metabolism. A literature search was conducted according to PRISMA and seven studies were included. They explored the effects of coffee components on various substances and signaling proteins. In one of the studies with humans, caffeine was shown to increase glucose levels, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) phosphorylation, glycogen resynthesis rates and glycogen accumulation after exercise...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342258/insulin-and-estrogen-independently-and-differentially-reduce-macronutrient-intake-in-healthy-men
#2
Rosemarie Krug, Linda Mohwinkel, Bernhard Drotleff, Jan Born, Manfred Hallschmid
Context: Insulin administration to the central nervous system inhibits food intake, but this effect has been found to be less pronounced in female compared to male organisms. This sex-specific pattern has been suggested to arise from a modulating influence of estrogen signaling on the insulin effect. Objective: We assessed in healthy young men whether pre-treatment with transdermal estradiol interacts with the hypophagic effect of central nervous insulin administration via the intranasal pathway...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339830/differential-association-of-dietary-carbohydrate-intake-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-us-and-korean-adults-data-from-the-2007-2012-nhanes-and-knhanes
#3
Kyungho Ha, Kijoon Kim, Ock K Chun, Hyojee Joung, YoonJu Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The risk factors for metabolic syndrome may differ between Western and Asian countries due to their distinct dietary cultures. However, few studies have directly compared macronutrient intake and its association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults using national survey data. SUBJECT/METHODS: Based on the data from the US and Korean versions of the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, KNHANES), a total of 3,324 American and 20,515 Korean adults were included...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337071/lower-protein-and-higher-carbohydrate-intake-is-related-with-altering-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-elderly-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hellen C G Nabuco, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Paulo Junior Sugihara, Rodrigo Dos Reis Fernandes, Edilaine F Cavalcante, Melissa Antunes, Roberto Carlos Burini, Danielle Venturini, Décio S Barbosa, Analiza Mônica Silva, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is an energy-disturbance disease associated with insulin resistance. Hence, the intake of energy-rich macronutrients might affect some MetS components. The aim of this study was to explore the association of ingested macronutrients with MetS components in older women. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in 245 older women (≥60 years). Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess total body fat, percentage body fat (absolute and relative), and skeletal muscle mass...
January 11, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336700/effect-of-daily-exposure-to-an-isolated-soy-protein-supplement-on-body-composition-energy-and-macronutrient-intake-bone-formation-markers-and-lipid-profile-in-children-in-colombia
#5
Wilson Mejía, Diana Córdoba, Paola Durán, Yersson Chacón, Diego Rosselli
A soy protein-based supplement may optimize bone health, support physical growth, and stimulate bone formation. This study aimed to assess the effect of a daily soy protein supplement (SPS) on nutritional status, bone formation markers, lipid profile, and daily energy and macronutrient intake in children. One hundred seven participants (62 girls), ages 2 to 9, started the study and were randomly assigned to lunch fruit juice with (n = 57, intervention group) or without (n = 50, control group) addition of 45 g (230 Kcal) of a commercial SPS during 12 months; 84 children (51 girls, 33 boys) completed the study (45 and 39 intervention and control, respectively)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335813/organic-acidurias-in-adults-late-complications-and-management
#6
Ali Tunç Tuncel, Nikolas Boy, Marina A Morath, Friederike Hörster, Ulrike Mütze, Stefan Kölker
Organic acidurias (synonym, organic acid disorders, OADs) are a heterogenous group of inherited metabolic diseases delineated with the implementation of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in metabolic laboratories starting in the 1960s and 1970s. Biochemically, OADs are characterized by accumulation of mono-, di- and/or tricarboxylic acids ("organic acids") and corresponding coenzyme A, carnitine and/or glycine esters, some of which are considered toxic at high concentrations. Clinically, disease onset is variable, however, affected individuals may already present during the newborn period with life-threatening acute metabolic crises and acute multi-organ failure...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334718/-diet-and-nutrition-interventions-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Z Y Yang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy, with rising trend over the years. Dietary nutrient intake (protein, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, zinc, selenium and inositol et al.), dietary pattern and probiotics may be related to GDM occurrence. Dietary factors are modifiable factors for preventing GDM. The study reviewed the roles of these dietary factors in preventing GDM. Results showed that plant-based dietary pattern may lower the risk of GDM and dietary pattern characterized with high animal protein, high fat and low carbohydrate may increase the risk of GDM...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#8
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330920/macronutrient-and-fibre-intake-of-young-spanish-children-with-reference-to-their-in-utero-growth-status-are-they-eating-a-healthy-diet
#9
Rozina Nuruddin, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Dolores Garcia-Arenas, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Ruthy Acosta-Rojas
AIM: To compare macronutrient and fibre intake by pre-school children born with intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) or as appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to compare their intake with paediatric nutritional recommendations for identification of potential areas of modification during early life. METHODS: A parental 3-day dietary record was obtained for children of age 1-6 years, born at Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (2002-2007) with IUGR (n = 37) or AGA (n = 53)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#10
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329542/relative-validity-of-a-web-based-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-danish-adolescents
#11
Anne A Bjerregaard, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Freja B Kampmann, Sjurdur F Olsen, Inge Tetens
BACKGROUND: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study's objective was to evaluate the relative validity of a self-administered web-based FFQ among Danish children aged 12 to 15 years. METHODS: From a nested sub-cohort within the Danish National Birth Cohort, 124 adolescents participated...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329510/the-predictive-value-of-hunger-score-on-gastric-evacuation-after-oral-intake-of-carbohydrate-solution
#12
Qiu Weiji, Li Shitong, Luo Yu, Hua Tianfang, Kong Ning, Zhang Lina
BACKGROUND: Surgical patients are asked to fast for a sufficient duration to ensure that the amount of residual liquid in the stomach is within the safe range, thereby reducing the risk of gastric reflux perioperatively. The authors hypothesized that subjective hunger numerical rating scale (NRS) score could also help assess the process of gastric emptying and determine the amount of fluid remaining in the stomach. METHODS: The current study consisted of healthy volunteers recruited by advertisement and mutual introduction...
January 12, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329254/low-carbohydrate-high-protein-high-fat-diets-rich-in-livestock-poultry-and-their-products-predict-impending-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-individuals-that-exceed-their-calculated-caloric-requirement
#13
Ruiqi Shan, Wei Duan, Lei Liu, Jiayue Qi, Jian Gao, Yunlong Zhang, Shanshan Du, Tianshu Han, Xiuyu Pang, Changhao Sun, Xiaoyan Wu
The evidence on the association between long-term low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is controversial. Until now, data is limited for Chinese populations, especially in considering the influence of extra energy intake. In this paper, we aimed to investigate the association of low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in populations consuming extra calories and those with normal caloric intake, We also determined whether the association is mediated by insulin resistance (IR) or β-cell dysfunction...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328029/-metabolic-secretion-in-reproductive-age-women-with-obesity
#14
A Malazonia, T Zerekidze, N Vekua, N Chkheidze, K Asatiani
For the last decade melatonin has attracted attention as a neuroregulator in pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study is to evaluate the characteristics of metabolic secretion in obese women of reproductive age. The study was conducted on the total number of 120 women. Eighty women with obesity formed the case group, and forty healthy women - the control group. Carbohydrate metabolism, lipid profile and serum levels of melatonin were evaluated in all study subjects. According to the results, 61...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325772/the-association-of-snp276g-t-at-adiponectin-gene-with-insulin-resistance-and-circulating-adiponectin-in-response-to-two-different-hypocaloric-diets
#15
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Aller, A Ortola, E Gómez, J J Lopez
BACKGROUND: Several adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) have been related with adiponectin levels and risk for obesity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyze the effect of rs1501299 ADIPOQ gene polymorphism and dietary intake on total adiponectin levels and insulin resistance after two hypocaloric diets in obese subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Caucasian population of 284 obese patients was enrolled in a randomized clinical trial with two hypocaloric diets (I: moderate carbohydrates vs II: low fat)...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325757/the-role-of-fatty-acids-and-their-endocannabinoid-like-derivatives-in-the-molecular-regulation-of-appetite
#16
REVIEW
Renger F Witkamp
Intake, absorption and synthesis of fatty acids, including those produced by the intestinal microbiota are tightly monitored via specific receptors and, indirectly through their conversion into a variety of signalling molecules. The resulting information is integrated and translated to different physiological processes, including the regulation of appetite and satiation. Direct chemosensing of fatty acids takes place via interaction with free fatty acid (FFA) and other receptors. These are present in the oronasal cavity and along the entire gastrointestinal tract, in various other tissues, and, for some receptors also in brain...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325488/effects-of-adipokinetic-hormone-and-its-related-peptide-on-maintaining-hemolymph-carbohydrate-and-lipid-levels-in-the-two-spotted-cricket-gryllus-bimaculatus
#17
Yi Jun Zhou, Keisuke Fukumura, Shinji Nagata
Adipokinetic hormone (AKH) regulates energy homeostasis in insects by mobilizing lipid and carbohydrate from the fat body. Here, using RNA sequencing data, we identified cDNAs encoding AKH (GbAKH) and its highly homologous hormone AKH/corazonin-related peptide (GbACP) in the corpora cardiaca of the two-spotted cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus. RT-PCR revealed that GbAKH and GbACP are predominantly expressed in the corpora cardiaca and corpora allata, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that the identified GbAKH and GbACP belong to the clades containing other AKHs and ACPs, respectively...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#18
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320971/the-effect-of-nutritional-intervention-on-the-lipid-profile-and-dietary-intake-of-adolescents-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
S G L da Silva, M T Terreri, T T O Abad, D Machado, F L A Fonseca, S Hix, F I Suano-Souza, R O S Sarni, C A Len
Objective This study sought to evaluate the effects of a nutritional intervention on the lipid metabolism biomarkers associated with cardiovascular risk, and their variation over time, in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients. This study also investigated the relationships between these biomarkers and dietary intake, nutritional status, disease variables, and medication used. Methods A total of 31 10- to 19-year-old female adolescents with JSLE for at least six months were analyzed. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups: nutritional intervention or control...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317416/the-association-between-macronutrient-intake-and-cognition-in-individuals-aged-under-65-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Bingjie Ding, Rong Xiao, Weiwei Ma, Lei Zhao, Yanxia Bi, Yong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the correlation between daily energy intake from macronutrients and cognitive functions in a Chinese population aged less than 65 years. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study to explore the relationships between macronutrients' intake and cognitive function. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and χ2 test were used to compare the demographic and physical characteristics, lifestyle and laboratory parameters with the intake of macronutrients among different quartiles of % fat/energy...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Open
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