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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450801/enhancement-of-pain-inhibition-by-working-memory-with-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex
#1
Zoha Deldar, Nabi Rustamov, Suzie Bois, Isabelle Blanchette, Mathieu Piché
The aim of this study was to examine whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) enhances pain inhibition by improving working memory (WM). Forty healthy volunteers participated in two tDCS sessions. Pain was evoked by electrical stimulation at the ankle. Participants performed an n-back task (0-back and 2-back). The experimental protocol comprised five counterbalanced conditions (0-back, 2-back, pain, 0-back with pain and 2-back with pain) that were performed twice (pre-tDCS baseline and during tDCS)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436060/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-for-women-with-preterm-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-prior-to-37-weeks-gestation-for-improving-pregnancy
#2
Jacqueline Pich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419839/tunable-clustering-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-in-microgels-enhanced-magnetic-relaxivity-by-modulation-of-network-architecture
#3
K Herman, M E Lang, A Pich
In the present work we used microgels as colloidal containers for the loading of hydrophobic magnetic nanoparticles using the solvent exchange method. We varied systematically two parameters: (i) the crosslinking degree of microgels (1-4.5 mol% crosslinker) and (ii) loading of hydrophobic magnetite nanoparticles (d = 7 nm) in microgels (2-10 wt%). The experimental data show that the interplay between these two parameters provides efficient control over the clustering of magnetic nanoparticles in the microgel structure...
February 8, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411952/plasma-transfusions-prior-to-insertion-of-central-lines-for-people-with-abnormal-coagulation
#4
Jacqueline Pich
The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409632/predictors-of-disability-and-absenteeism-in-workers-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-longitudinal-15-month-study
#5
Arnaud Lardon, Jean-Daniel Dubois, Vincent Cantin, Mathieu Piché, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify baseline predictors of disability and absenteeism in workers with a history of non-specific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: One hundred workers with a history of non-specific LBP participated in three evaluations (baseline, 7 and 15 months follow-up). Current and past history of LBP, clinical pain intensity, disability, absenteeism, fear-avoidance beliefs, pain catastrophizing, pain hypervigilance, work satisfaction and patient stratification based on "risk of poor clinical outcome assessment" (RPCO) were evaluated using questionnaires and interviews...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406436/clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-french-national-society-of-coloproctology-in-treating-chronic-constipation
#6
Véronique Vitton, Henri Damon, Alban Benezech, Dominique Bouchard, Sarah Brardjanian, Charlène Brochard, Benoit Coffin, Nadia Fathallah, Thierry Higuero, Pauline Jouët, Anne-Marie Leroi, Laure Luciano, Guillaume Meurette, Thierry Piche, Alain Ropert, Jean-Marc Sabate, Laurent Siproudhis
Chronic constipation is a common symptom that regularly affects the quality of life of adult patients. Its treatment is mainly based on dietary rules, laxative drugs, perineal rehabilitation and surgical treatment. The French National Society of Coloproctology offers clinical practice recommendations on the basis of the data in the current literature, including those on recently developed treatments. Most are noninvasive, and the main concepts include the following: stimulant laxatives are now considered safe drugs and can be more easily prescribed as a second-line treatment; biofeedback therapy remains the gold standard for the treatment of anorectal dyssynergia that is resistant to medical treatment; transanal irrigation is the second-line treatment of choice in patients with neurological diseases, but it may also be proposed for patients without neurological diseases; and although interferential therapy may be a new promising treatment, it needs further evaluation...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388283/supramolecular-stimuli-responsive-microgels-crosslinked-by-tannic-acid
#7
Catalina Molano López, Andrij Pich
The application of biomolecules as building blocks is substantial for the design of bioinspired dynamic nanomaterials with tailored properties. In this communication, the facile synthesis of aqueous supramolecular temperature-responsive microgels is reported using the natural polyphenol tannic acid (TA) as physical crosslinker. The precipitation polymerization of N-vinylcaprolactam in the presence of this polyphenol leads to the formation of well-defined microgels crosslinked by hydrogen bonds. A systematic variation of the tannic acid content leads to tailored microgel properties...
February 1, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385195/anthropogenic-marine-litter-composition-in-coastal-areas-may-be-a-predictor-of-potentially-invasive-rafting-fauna
#8
Sabine Rech, Yaisel J Borrell Pichs, Eva García-Vazquez
Anthropogenic plastic pollution is a global problem. In the marine environment, one of its less studied effects is the transport of attached biota, which might lead to introductions of non-native species in new areas or aid in habitat expansions of invasive species. The goal of the present work was to assess if the material composition of beached anthropogenic litter is indicative of the rafting fauna in a coastal area and could thus be used as a simple and cost-efficient tool for risk assessment in the future...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378584/development-of-a-5as-based-technology-assisted-weight-management-intervention-for-veterans-in-primary-care
#9
Katrina F Mateo, Natalie B Berner, Natalie L Ricci, Pich Seekaew, Sandeep Sikerwar, Craig Tenner, Joanna Dognin, Scott E Sherman, Adina Kalet, Melanie Jay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence is higher among Veterans in the United States. Based on our prior research, primary care teams at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital do not feel well-equipped to deliver effective weight management counseling and often lack sufficient time. Further, effective and intensive lifestyle-based weight management programs (e.g. VA MOVE! program) are underutilized despite implementation of systematic screening and referral at all VA sites...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336779/prophylactic-thyroidectomies-in-men2-syndrome-management-and-outcomes
#10
Virginie Bussières, Shreyas Roy, Johnny Deladoey, Élisabeth Rousseau, Dickens St-Vil, Nelson Piché
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcomes of prophylactic thyroidectomies performed in an academic setting in the context of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndrome. METHODS: A chart review of patients <18years old who underwent prophylactic thyroidectomy for a MEN2 syndrome at a children's hospital between 2006 and 2015 was performed. MAIN RESULTS: The study included 21 patients (57% female) with a mean age of 6...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#11
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301347/the-relationship-between-self-reported-executive-functioning-and-risk-taking-behavior-in-urban-homeless-youth
#12
Joshua Piche, Jaeson Kaylegian, Dale Smith, Scott J Hunter
Introduction: Almost 2 million U.S. youth are estimated to live on the streets, in shelters, or in other types of temporary housing at some point each year. Both their age and living situations make them more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors, particularly during adolescence, a time of increased risk taking. Much of self-control appears related to the development of the prefrontal cortex, which is at a particularly crucial period of elaboration and refinement during adolescence and emerging adulthood...
January 3, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284999/high-burden-of-stroke-risk-factors-in-developing-country-the-case-study-of-bosnia-herzegovina
#13
Marija Bender, Edin Jusufovic, Vesna Railic, Sima Kelava, Selma Tinjak, Damir Dzevdetbegovic, Dario Mot, Mensuda Tresnjo, Sandra Lakicevic, Natasa Pejanovic-Skobic, Osman Sinanovic
Introduction: The burden of stroke has been increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries. Very few data regarding epidemiology of stroke are available in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). Patients and methods: We undertook a retrospective hospital-based study in all hospitals existing in five cantons and one district of BH. The patients were recruited between January 1st, 2014, and December 31st, 2014, and only first-ever-in-lifetime strokes (FES) were included for evaluation...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249920/art-and-theatre-for-health-in-rural-cambodia
#14
Chea Nguon, Lek Dysoley, Chan Davoeung, Yok Sovann, Nou Sanann, Ma Sareth, Pich Kunthea, San Vuth, Kem Sovann, Kayna Kol, Chhouen Heng, Rouen Sary, Thomas J Peto, Rupam Tripura, Renly Lim, Phaik Yeong Cheah
This article describes our experience using art and theatre to engage rural communities in western Cambodia to understand malaria and support malaria control and elimination. The project was a pilot science-arts initiative to supplement existing engagement activities conducted by local authorities. In 2016, the project was conducted in 20 villages, involved 300 community members and was attended by more than 8000 people. Key health messages were to use insecticide-treated bed-nets and repellents, febrile people should attend village malaria workers, and to raise awareness about the risk of forest-acquired malaria...
2018: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220080/high-salinity-impacts-germination-of-the-halophyte-cakile-maritima-but-primes-seeds-for-rapid-germination-upon-stress-release
#15
Ahmed Debez, Ikram Belghith, Andreas Pich, Wael Taamalli, Chedly Abdelly, Hans-Peter Braun
Seed germination recovery aptitude is an adaptive trait of overriding significance for the successful establishment and dispersal of extremophile plants in their native ecosystems. Cakile maritima is an annual halophyte frequent on Mediterranean coasts, which transiently produces transiently dormant seeds under high salinity, but that germinate fast when soil salinity is lowered by rainfall. Here, we report eco-physiological and proteomic data about (i) the effect of high salt (200 mM NaCl) on the early developmental stages (germination and seedling) and (ii) the seed germination recovery capacity of this species...
December 8, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185524/multiscale-scenarios-for-nature-futures
#16
Isabel M D Rosa, Henrique M Pereira, Simon Ferrier, Rob Alkemade, Lilibeth A Acosta, H Resit Akcakaya, Eefje den Belder, Asghar M Fazel, Shinichiro Fujimori, Mike Harfoot, Khaled A Harhash, Paula A Harrison, Jennifer Hauck, Rob J J Hendriks, Gladys Hernández, Walter Jetz, Sylvia I Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, HyeJin Kim, Nicholas King, Marcel T J Kok, Grygoriy O Kolomytsev, Tanya Lazarova, Paul Leadley, Carolyn J Lundquist, Jaime García Márquez, Carsten Meyer, Laetitia M Navarro, Carsten Nesshöver, Hien T Ngo, Karachepone N Ninan, Maria G Palomo, Laura M Pereira, Garry D Peterson, Ramon Pichs, Alexander Popp, Andy Purvis, Federica Ravera, Carlo Rondinini, Jyothis Sathyapalan, Aafke M Schipper, Ralf Seppelt, Josef Settele, Nadia Sitas, Detlef van Vuuren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165227/reflections-on-a-community-engagement-strategy-for-mass-antimalarial-drug-administration-in-cambodia
#17
Thomas J Peto, Rupam Tripura, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Sanann Nou, Chhouen Heng, Pich Kunthea, Bipin Adhikari, Renly Lim, Nicola James, Christopher Pell, Phaik Yeong Cheah
Mass drug administration (MDA) to interrupt malaria transmission requires the participation of entire communities. As part of a clinical trial in western Cambodia, four villages received MDA in 2015-2016. Before approaching study communities, a collaboration was established with the local health authorities, village leaders, and village malaria workers. Formative research guided the development of engagement strategies. In each village, a team of volunteers was formed to explain MDA to their neighbors and provide support during implementation...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158584/ketamine-enhances-structural-plasticity-in-mouse-mesencephalic-and-human-ipsc-derived-dopaminergic-neurons-via-ampar-driven-bdnf-and-mtor-signaling
#18
L Cavalleri, E Merlo Pich, M J Millan, C Chiamulera, T Kunath, P F Spano, G Collo
Among neurobiological mechanisms underlying antidepressant properties of ketamine, structural remodeling of prefrontal and hippocampal neurons has been proposed as critical. The suggested mechanism involves downstream activation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors, which trigger mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent structural plasticity via brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and protein neo-synthesis. We evaluated whether ketamine elicits similar molecular events in dopaminergic (DA) neurons, known to be affected in mood disorders, using a novel, translational strategy that involved mouse mesencephalic and human induced pluripotent stem cells-derived DA neurons...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136215/multitaskprotdb-ii-an-update-of-a-database-of-multitasking-moonlighting-proteins
#19
Luís Franco-Serrano, Sergio Hernández, Alejandra Calvo, María A Severi, Gabriela Ferragut, JosepAntoni Pérez-Pons, Jaume Piñol, Òscar Pich, Ángel Mozo-Villarias, Isaac Amela, Enrique Querol, Juan Cedano
Multitasking, or moonlighting, is the capability of some proteins to execute two or more biological functions. MultitaskProtDB-II is a database of multifunctional proteins that has been updated. In the previous version, the information contained was: NCBI and UniProt accession numbers, canonical and additional biological functions, organism, monomeric/oligomeric states, PDB codes and bibliographic references. In the present update, the number of entries has been increased from 288 to 694 moonlighting proteins...
November 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136011/ten-year-experience-with-antiretroviral-treatment-in-cambodia-trends-in-patient-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#20
Phirum Lay, Sokkab An, Sunpiseth Soeung, Pich Sovannary Srey, Sopheak Thai, Lutgarde Lynen, Johan van Griensven
BACKGROUND: Although HIV disease stage at ART initiation critically determines ART outcomes, few reports have longitudinally monitored this within Asia. Using prospectively collected data from a large ART program at Sihanouk Hospital Center of Hope in Cambodia, we report on the change in patient characteristics and outcomes over a ten-year period. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis including all adults (≥ 18 years old) starting ART from March 2003-March 2013 in a non-governmental hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
2017: PloS One
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