keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Congenital syphilis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495681/a-comparative-analysis-of-costs-of-single-and-dual-rapid-hiv-and-syphilis-diagnostics-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-colombia
#1
Carol Dayo Obure, Hernando Gaitan-Duarte, Ricardo Losada Saenz, Lina Gonzalez, Edith Angel-Muller, Maura Laverty, Freddy Perez
BACKGROUND: HIV and congenital syphilis are major public health burdens contributing to substantial perinatal morbidity and mortality globally. Although studies have reported on the costs and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for syphilis screening within antenatal care in a number of resource-constrained settings, empirical evidence on country-specific cost and estimates of single RDTs compared with dual RDTs for HIV and syphilis are limited. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled study design was used to compare the incremental costs of two testing algorithms: (1) single RDTs for HIV and syphilis and (2) dual RDTs for HIV and syphilis, in 12 health facilities in Bogota and Cali, Colombia...
May 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492767/syphilis-in-pregnancy-and-congenital-syphilis-in-palmas-tocantins-state-brazil-2007-2014
#2
Patrícia Alves de Mendonça Cavalcante, Ruth Bernardes de Lima Pereira, José Gerley Diaz Castro
OBJECTIVE: to describe the epidemiological profile of reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women and congenital syphilis in the period 2007-2014 in Palmas-TO, Brazil. METHODS: this is a descriptive study with data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan). RESULTS: 171 pregnant women with syphilis (4.7/1,000 live births [LB]) and 204 cases of congenital syphilis (5.6/1,000 LB) were identified; most women were brown-skinned (71...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482385/-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-in-the-prevention-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-infants-and-young-children
#3
C M Wan, H Yu, G Liu, H M Xu, Z Q Mao, Y Xu, Y Jin, R P Luo, W J Wang, F Fang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Saccharomyces boulardii in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in infants and young children. Method: From November 2012 to September 2013, ten research units of large teaching hospitals or children's hospitals participated in this multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial. Hospitalized young children aged between 1 month and 3 years (nongastrointestinal infection and antibiotic therapy required)were involved in our study. The children were randomly divided into control group and prevention group by means of block random allocation method...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444157/risk-of-congenital-syphilis-following-treatment-of-maternal-syphilis-results-of-a-congenital-syphilis-control-program-in-china
#4
Fu-Chang Hong, Xiao-Bing Wu, Fan Yang, Li-Na Lan, Yang Guan, Chun-Lai Zhang, Tie-Jian Feng, Ying-Zhou Yang, Yue-Ping Yin, Wei-Ye Yu, Xiang-Sheng Chen
Background.: Early screening for syphilis among pregnant women and the effective treatment of maternal syphilis is fundamental to prevent congenital syphilis (CS). Methods.: We obtained data from the Shenzhen Program for Prevention of Congenital Syphilis (SPPCS) and estimated incidence rates of CS among infants born to syphilis-seropositive women treated with different regimens or untreated for maternal syphilis. Results.: 4746 matched cases of syphilis-seropositive mothers and their infants were included for analyses and 162 infants were diagnosed with CS, providing an overall incidence of 3...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426680/echocardiographic-findings-in-infants-with-presumed-congenital-zika-syndrome-retrospective-case-series-study
#5
Danielle Di Cavalcanti, Lucas V Alves, Geraldo J Furtado, Cleusa C Santos, Fabiana G Feitosa, Maria C Ribeiro, Paulo Menge, Izabelle M Lira, Joao G Alves
OBJECTIVE: To report the echocardiographic evaluation of 103 infants with presumed congenital Zika syndrome. METHODS: An observational retrospective study was performed at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Recife, Brazil. 103 infants with presumed congenital Zika syndrome. All infants had microcephaly and head computed tomography findings compatible with congenital Zika syndrome. Zika IgM antibody was detected in cerebrospinal fluid samples of 23 infants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#6
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398683/update-on-syphilis-and-pregnancy
#7
REVIEW
Michael E Tsimis, Jeanne S Sheffield
While the origins of syphilis remain unknown, it has long been recognized as an infectious entity with complex pathophysiology. In this review, we highlighted the epidemiology and risk factors associated with syphilis. The incidence of syphilis in most populations showed a consistent upward trend until the 1940s with the introduction of penicillin as the preferred treatment. The emergence of congenital syphilis and vertical transmission has been a direct result of heterosexual syphilis transmission. We also explore the microbiology and pathogenesis of Treponema pallidum as it directly correlates with its route of transmission and infectivity...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282647/suboptimal-prenatal-syphilis-testing-among-commercially-insured-women-in-the-united-states-2013
#8
Robyn Neblett Fanfair, Guoyu Tao, Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein
United States surveillance data demonstrate that congenital syphilis cases are increasing. We performed an analysis of commercially insured pregnant females using MarketSan to determine syphilis screening rates at different prenatal stages; 85% of pregnant women in this population had a syphilis test performed at least once during the prenatal period.
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196316/common-skin-conditions-in-children-neonatal-skin-lesions
#9
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin findings during the initial month of life are ubiquitous. One study estimated that more than 95% of newborns have cutaneous findings, which often are distressing to parents but frequently are benign and self-limited. Among them are milia, cutis marmorata, congenital dermal melanocytosis, and the benign neonatal pustular eruptions (eg, benign cephalic pustulosis, erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis). Clinicians need to recognize these benign skin conditions and differentiate them from more serious conditions, such as infectious pustular eruptions from bacterial, viral, and fungal causes, and inflammatory conditions, such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146181/educational-intervention-in-primary-care-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-syphilis
#10
Flaviane Mello Lazarini, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa
Objectives: to evaluate the efficiency of educational interventions related to the knowledge of health care professionals of Primary Care and to verify the impact on the vertical transmission rates of congenital syphilis. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted in the city of Londrina, Paraná, between 2013 and 2015. An educational intervention on diagnosis, treatment and notification was carried out with 102 professionals with knowledge measurement before and after the intervention...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146163/adherence-to-the-follow-up-of-the-newborn-exposed-to-syphilis-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up
#11
Marjorie Cristiane Feliz, Adeli Regina Prizybicien, Andrea Maciel Rossoni, Tony Tahnus, Adriane Miro Vianna Benke Pereira, Cristina Rodrigues
Introduction: All newborns exposed to syphilis in pregnancy must have outpatient follow-up. The interruption of this follow-up especially threatens those children who were not treated at birth. Objective: To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women with syphilis and their newborns, and to investigate the factors associated with the discontinuation of the follow-up. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, analytical, and retrospective study of medical records of 254 children exposed to syphilis, who were assisted at the Congenital Infectious Clinic of the university hospital of the Universidade Federal do Paraná, between 2000 and 2010...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135431/retrospective-dual-center-study-of-parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis-in-premature-neonates
#12
Weihui Yan, Li Hong, Ying Wang, Yi Feng, Lina Lu, Yijing Tao, Jiang Wu, Huijuan Ruan, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) has not been clarified. The objective of this study was to explore the incidence of PNAC in premature infants without surgery and to identify associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Premature neonates who received parenteral nutrition (PN) at least 14 days were included in a retrospective, dual-center study. Cholestasis was diagnosed as conjugated bilirubin ≥2 mg/dL. Infants with metabolic liver disease, cyanotic congenital heart disease, congenital syphilis, hepadnaviridae infection, and those who underwent surgery were excluded...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120643/improving-the-antenatal-and-post-partum-management-of-women-presenting-to-sexual-health-services-with-positive-syphilis-serology-through-audit
#13
Christina H Munro, Ruth Henniker-Major, Virginia Homfray, Rita Browne
The incidence of congenital syphilis remains low in the UK, but the morbidity and mortality to babies born to women who are untreated for the condition make testing for the disease antenatally one of the most cost-effective screening programmes. Women attending North Middlesex Hospital, UK with a positive syphilis test at their antenatal booking visit are referred to St Ann's Sexual Health Clinic, London, for management and contact tracing. We were concerned that our initial audit revealed that a large proportion of women referred to our service never attended and recorded partner notification was poor...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076583/-social-factors-associated-with-use-of-prenatal-care-in-ecuador
#14
Amaya Sánchez-Gómez, William Cevallos, Mario J Grijalva, Luis C Silva-Ayçaguer, Susana Tamayo, Jerry O Jacobson, Jaime A Costales, Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Suzanne Serruya, Celia Riera
Objectives: Prenatal care is a pillar of public health, enabling access to interventions including prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis. This paper describes social factors related to use of prenatal care in Ecuador. Methods: In 2011 and 2012, participant clinical history and interview information was analyzed from a national probability sample of 5 998 women presenting for delivery or miscarriage services in 15 healthcare facilities in Ecuador, to estimate prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and Chagas disease, and prenatal care coverage...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029229/on-site-test-to-detect-syphilis-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-test-accuracy-studies
#15
REVIEW
E Rogozińska, L Kara-Newton, J R Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Syphilis in pregnancy can lead to fetal and neonatal death or congenital anomalies. Accurate on-site tests are an essential part of effective prevention of mother-to-child transmission of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the accuracy of on-site tests to detect infection with Treponema pallidum in pregnant women. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases were searched from inception to January 2016 using terms: 'pregnancy', 'antenatal', 'syphilis', 'Treponema pallidum' with their variations, and the search limit for the relevant study design...
December 28, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977652/auckland-city-of-syphilis
#16
Sunita Azariah
AIMS: To briefly report on the large increase in cases of syphilis managed at Auckland Regional Sexual Health Service (ARSHS) in 2015. To raise awareness of syphilis as an emerging significant public health issue in Auckland. METHOD: A search was conducted of the electronic patient management system at ARSHS for cases of syphilis diagnosed between 1st of January 2015 and 31st of December 2015. Those that fitted the Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd (ESR) case definitions for infectious syphilis were included and demographic, clinical and behavioural characteristics were described...
December 16, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956203/syphilis-during-pregnancy-a-preventable-threat-to-maternal-fetal-health
#17
REVIEW
Martha W F Rac, Paula A Revell, Catherine S Eppes
Syphilis remains the most common congenital infection worldwide and has tremendous consequences for the mother and her developing fetus if left untreated. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of congenital syphilis cases in the United States. Thus, recognition and appropriate treatment of reproductive-age women must be a priority. Testing should be performed at initiation of prenatal care and twice during the third trimester in high-risk patients. There are 2 diagnostic algorithms available and physicians should be aware of which algorithm is utilized by their testing laboratory...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941983/underreporting-of-congenital-syphilis-as-a-cause-of-fetal-and-infant-deaths-in-northeastern-brazil
#18
Ana Rita Paulo Cardoso, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Roumayne Fernandes Vieira Andrade, Valéria Saraceni, Angelica E Miranda, Maria Inês Costa Dourado
INTRODUCTION: Of all syphilis-related pregnancy outcomes, fetal death is certainly the most common one, being directly related to the availability, accessibility and quality of prenatal care. The present study aimed to analyze the underreporting of fetal and infant deaths and other maternal factors associated with congenital syphilis (CS) death. METHODS: This cross-sectional study integrated data of infants that were diagnosed and/or died of CS from the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação-Sinan (Notifiable Diseases Information System) and the Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade-SIM (Mortality Information System) in Fortaleza, Northeastern Brasil to identify unreported cases of congenital syphilis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835624/cuba-validated-as-the-first-country-to-eliminate-mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-congenital-syphilis-lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-the-global-validation-methodology
#19
Sonja Caffe, Freddy Perez, Mary L Kamb, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Monica Alonso, Ralph Midy, Lori Newman, Chika Hayashi, Massimo Ghidinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810981/maternal-syphilis-and-accomplishing-sexual-partner-treatment-still-a-huge-gap
#20
Jessica Dallé, Vanessa Z Baumgarten, Mauro C Ramos, Mirela F Jimenez, Lisiane Acosta, Daniela B Bumaguin, Vicente S Antonello
Congenital syphilis (CS) is a preventable epidemic disease for which control is hindered by socioeconomic and health system issues. Inadequately treated maternal syphilis (MaS) commonly has serious adverse obstetric outcomes. This study - which is a cross-sectional study in a Brazilian large urban public Mother and Child hospital, making use of secondary data - evaluated the occurrence of treatment of sexual partners (SP) among women with MaS. The results showed that 771 MaS cases were identified from 2007 to 2014...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
keyword
keyword
79381
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"