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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927410/-neurological-presentations-of-oculodentodigital-dysplasia
#1
G E Rudenskaya, N A Dyomina, E A Bliznetz, O V Khlebnikova, E L Dadaly, A V Polyakov
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in connexin 43 gene GJA1. Typical features are syndactyly of IV-V or III-V fingers with/without feet syndactyly, anomalies of eyes, teeth, hair and nose. In about 30% of patients neurological disorders appear later in life: progressive spastic paraparesis, neurogenic bladder/bowel, ataxia, white matter lesions on MRI. First Russian DNA-confirmed ODDD cases are presented: 4 unrelated families with 5 affected women age 10-59 yrs...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907890/impact-of-mast-cells-in-depression-disorder-inhibitory-effect-of-il-37-new-frontiers
#2
REVIEW
Pio Conti, Alessandro Caraffa, Gianpaolo Ronconi, Chiara M Conti, Spiros K Kritas, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Lucia Tettamanti, Theoharis C Theoharides
The purpose of this article is to study the involvement of inflammatory mast cells (MCs) in depression which may be inhibited by IL-37. We evaluate mast cells in depression on the basis of our previous experimental data, and using the most relevant studies reported in the literature. Dysfunction of mood, feelings, and thoughts is a major risk factor for several metabolic diseases and may influence the physiology of the body leading to depression. Depression, present in mastocytosis, is an important endogenous process that promotes the activation of meningeal cell receptors through a low-grade neurogenic chronic inflammation, and MCs...
June 16, 2018: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901306/-non-neurogenic-activators-of-myocyte-contraction-and-their-role-in-the-realization-of-the-accumulative-evacuating-functions-of-the-urinary-bladder
#3
V B Berdichevskii, B A Berdichevskii
The search for and use of alternative biomarkers of the hyperactive bladder has garnered increasing attention in recent years because they may be considered pathogenetically significant and used as surrogate biomarkers. Promising agents that have met these criteria include proteins cytokines, neurotrophins, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), fibrinopeptides A and B, C-reactive protein, membrane-bound ATPase. Analysis of current scientific literature has demonstrated that specialists in many fields of medicine show interest in endogenous proteins that do not belong to neurotransmitters but affect the contractile ability of myocytes...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866668/case-of-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-preceded-by-dystonia
#4
Kerime Ararat, Idanis Berrios, Anas Hannoun, Carolina Ionete
There are only six cases in literature that describe development of dystonia with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). We describe a case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with symptoms including movement disorder, sensory neurogenic bladder, sensory loss and neuropathic pain, migraine like headaches, musculoskeletal pain, Raynaud's phenomenon and dysautonomia. Symptoms started in 2000, with weakness that progressed to dystonia in 2003. Diagnostic work-up was inconclusive with negative inflammatory serologies, cerebrospinal fluid and MRI for many years...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860210/across-the-blood-brain-barrier-neurotherapeutic-screening-and-characterization-of-naringenin-as-a-novel-crmp-2-inhibitor-in-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease-using-bioinformatics-and-computational-tools
#5
Maryam Lawal, Fisayo A Olotu, Mahmoud E S Soliman
The discovery and developmental processes of CNS drugs have been limited by the inability of potential drug molecules to pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This presents a significant setback in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), hence the need for compounds that can adhere strictly to the selective criteria of suitable CNS drugs. Collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2) has been recently identified as a viable target in neurotherapeutics due to its involvement in the etiology of AD...
May 16, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857893/females-have-stronger-neurogenic-response-than-males-after-non-specific-nasal-challenge-in-patients-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Dejan Tomljenovic, Tomislav Baudoin, Zeljka Bukovec Megla, Goran Geber, Glenis Scadding, Livije Kalogjera
Epidemiological studies show female predominance in the prevalence of non- allergic rhinitis (NAR) and local allergic rhinitis (LAR). Experimental studies show female patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) demonstrate higher levels of sensitivity to irritants and airway hyperresponsiveness than males. Bronchial asthma shows female predominance in post-puberty patients, and gender interaction with severe asthma endotypes. Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, migraine and chronic cough, syndromes, which are commonly related to neurokinin substance P (SP) in the literature, also show strong female predominance...
July 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804301/subventricular-zone-lipidomic-architecture-loss-in-huntington-s-disease
#7
Mandana Hunter, Nicholas J Demarais, Richard L M Faull, Angus C Grey, Maurice A Curtis
The human subventricular zone (SVZ) has a defined cytological and neurochemical architecture, with four constituent laminae that act in concert to support its neurogenic activity. Lipidomic specialisation has previously been demonstrated in the neurologically-normal human SVZ, with enrichment of functionally important lipid classes in each lamina. The SVZ is also responsive to neurodegenerative disorders, where thickening of the niche and enhanced proliferation of resident cells were observed in Huntington's disease (HD) brains...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804042/motor-unit-number-estimation-mune-where-are-we-now
#8
REVIEW
Mamede de Carvalho, Paul E Barkhaus, Sanjeev D Nandedkar, Michael Swash
Estimation of the number of motor units (MUNE) in specific muscles is important to monitor outcome in progressive neurogenic disorders, with potential application in clinical trials. However, in spite of recent developments to identify the most convenient technique for MUNE, all current methods have individual shortcomings. It is essential to understand the scientific concepts that support MUNE and the many methods already proposed. In particular, the core role of the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) size in the estimation process is undervalued...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802484/characterization-of-the-trigeminovascular-actions-of-several-adenosine-a-2a-receptor-antagonists-in-an-in-vivo-rat-model-of-migraine
#9
Kristian A Haanes, Alejandro Labastida-Ramírez, Kayi Y Chan, René de Vries, Brian Shook, Paul Jackson, Jimmy Zhang, Christopher M Flores, Alexander H J Danser, Carlos M Villalón, Antoinette MaassenVanDenBrink
BACKGROUND: Migraine is considered a neurovascular disorder, but its pathophysiological mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Adenosine has been shown to increase in plasma during migraine attacks and to induce vasodilation in several blood vessels; however, it remains unknown whether adenosine can interact with the trigeminovascular system. Moreover, caffeine, a non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist, is included in many over the counter anti-headache/migraine treatments. METHODS: This study used the rat closed cranial window method to investigate in vivo the effects of the adenosine A2A receptor antagonists with varying selectivity over A1 receptors; JNJ-39928122, JNJ-40529749, JNJ-41942914, JNJ-40064440 or JNJ-41501798 (0...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795094/-chronic-sacral-nerve-electrostimulation-in-treatment-of-neurogenic-pelvic-organ-dysfunction-in-children
#10
A V Dekopov, A A Tomskiy, R V Salyukov, Yu R Salyukova, O E Machevskaya, Sh U Kadyrov
Myelodysplasia is the most common cause of congenital pelvic abnormalities in children. The causes of acquired neurogenic pelvic dysfunctions in children include spinal cord injury, myelitis, and neurodegenerative diseases. Urination impairments in children with neurological disorders are a serious clinical problem. In most cases, the capabilities of conservative treatment of pelvic organ dysfunctions are limited. One of the most promising directions in treatment of neurogenic urination disorders is modeling of a lost urination mechanism using direct or mediated electrostimulation of the nerve fibers of the sacral plexus - neuromodulation...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786481/rat-cranial-bone-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-promotes-functional-recovery-in-ischemic-stroke-model-rats
#11
Masaru Abiko, Takafumi Mitsuhara, Takahito Okazaki, Takeshi Imura, Kei Nakagawa, Takashi Otsuka, Jumpei Oshita, Masaaki Takeda, Yumi Kawahara, Louis Yuge, Kaoru Kurisu
The functional disorders caused by central nervous system (CNS) diseases, such as ischemic stroke, are clinically incurable and current treatments have limited effects. Previous studies suggested that cell-based therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exerts therapeutic effects for ischemic stroke. In addition, the characteristics of MSCs may depend on their sources. Among the derived tissues of MSCs, we have focused on cranial bones originating from the neural crest. We previously demonstrated that the neurogenic potential of human cranial bone-derived MSCs (cMSCs) was higher than that of human iliac bone-derived MSCs...
May 22, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783243/-electromyographic-characteristics-of-temporal-and-masticatory-muscles-in-patients-with-compression-dislocation-dysfunction-of-temporomandibular-joints-of-different-severity
#12
Pavlo I Yatsenko, Oleg V Rybalov, Oleg I Yatsenko, Vadym M Novikov, Dmytro M Kоrol, Dmytro D Kindiy, Victor D Kindiy
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The main causes of dysfunctional conditions of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), are occlusal, neurogenic, orthodontic disorders. The muscular component of TMJ is determines the dynamic anatomical and functional state of the mandible Therefore, in the diagnosis of dysfunctions and understanding of their pathogenesis belongs to the electromyographic method of investigation. The aim of the work was a comparative assessment of the bioelectrical activity of the actual chewing and temporal muscles in patients with musculo-articular compressiondislocation dysfunction of the TMJ of various severity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778545/a-descriptive-model-for-a-multidisciplinary-unit-for-colorectal-and-pelvic-malformations
#13
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Devin R Halleran, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura Weaver, Meghan Fisher, Andrea Wagner, Onnalisa Nash, Kristina Booth, Kaleigh Peters, Charae Williams, Sarah Mayer Brown, Peter Lu, Molly Fuchs, Karen Diefenbach, Jeffrey R Leonard, Geri Hewitt, Kate McCracken, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), and colonic motility disorders often require care from specialists across a variety of fields, including colorectal surgery, urology, gynecology, and GI motility. We sought to describe the process of creating a collaborative process for the care of these complex patients. METHODS: We developed a model of a devoted center for these conditions that includes physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and advanced practice nurses...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773953/mir-34a-mediated-regulation-of-xist-in-female-cells-under-inflammation
#14
Botros B Shenoda, Yuzhen Tian, Guillermo M Alexander, Enrique Aradillas-Lopez, Robert J Schwartzman, Seena K Ajit
Background: Evidence is overwhelming for sex differences in pain, with women representing the majority of the chronic pain patient population. There is a need to explore novel avenues to elucidate this sex bias in the development of chronic inflammatory pain conditions. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic neuropathic pain disorder, and the incidence of CRPS is greater in women than in men by ~4:1. Since neurogenic inflammation is a key feature of CRPS, dysregulation of inflammatory responses can be a factor in predisposing women to chronic pain...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759921/a-comparison-of-voice-activity-and-participation-profiles-among-etiological-groups
#15
Seung Jin Lee, Hong-Shik Choi, HyangHee Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with functional voice disorders show voice activity and participation profiles different from those of the organic and neurogenic groups. METHODS: The Korean Version of the Voice Activity and Participation Profile (K-VAPP) was administered to 200 participants (150 patients with functional, organic, and neurogenic voice disorders, 50 for each etiological group, 50 controls without vocal complaint)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737454/targeting-%C3%AE-catenin-in-glast-expressing-cells-impact-on-anxiety-and-depression-related-behavior-and-hippocampal-proliferation
#16
Rebeca Vidal, Emilio Garro-Martínez, Álvaro Díaz, Elena Castro, Eva Florensa-Zanuy, Makoto M Taketo, Ángel Pazos, Fuencisla Pilar-Cuéllar
β-catenin (key mediator in the Wnt signaling pathway) contributes to the pathophysiology of mood disorders, associated to neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. Decreased β-catenin protein levels have been observed in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of depressed subjects. Additionally, the antidepressants exert, at least in part, their neurogenic effects by increasing β-catenin levels in the subgranular zone of the hippocampus. To further understand the role of β-catenin in depression and anxiety, we generated two conditional transgenic mice in which β-catenin was either inactivated or stabilized in cells expressing CreERT under the control of the astrocyte-specific glutamate transporter (GLAST) promoter inducible by tamoxifen, which presents high expression levels on the subgranular zone of the hippocampus...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731675/odor-enrichment-increases-hippocampal-neuron-numbers-in-mouse
#17
Zoltán Rusznák, Gulgun Sengul, George Paxinos, Woojin Scott Kim, YuHong Fu
The hippocampus and olfactory bulb incorporate new neurons migrating from neurogenic regions in the brain. Hippocampal atrophy is evident in numerous neurodegenerative disorders, and altered hippocampal neurogenesis is an early pathological event in Alzheimer's disease. We hypothesized that hippocampal neurogenesis is affected by olfactory stimuli through the neural pathway of olfaction-related memory. In this study, we exposed mice to novel pleasant odors for three weeks and then assessed the number of neurons, non-neuronal cells (mainly glia) and proliferating cells in the hippocampus and olfactory bulb, using the isotropic fractionator method...
April 2018: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720343/-neurogenic-autonomic-dysfunction-in-adults
#18
Astrid Juhl Terkelsen, John Hansen, Anja Klostergaard, Marit Otto, Henning Mølgaard, Christian Lodberg Hvas, Klaus Krogh, Hans Jørgen Kirkeby, Henning Andersen, Troels Staehelin Jensen
Neurogenic autonomic dysfunction (NAD) is underdiagnosed, and it is likely in patients, who have orthostatic hypotension and symptoms from multiple organ systems as well as abnormal results from a neurological examination. A clinical and neurophysiological examination of the autonomic nervous system combined with a standardised paraclinical evaluation should be performed. NAD may be present in neurodegenerative disorders, vitamin deficiency, toxicity, infection, and in paraneoplastic, metabolic, hereditary and immune-mediated conditions...
April 30, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713417/clinical-relationship-of-degenerative-changes-between-the-cervical-and-lumbar-spine
#19
Yuichiro Morishita, Zorica Buser, Anthony D'Oro, Keiichiro Shiba, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: Retrospective, observational, case series. Purpose: To elucidate the prevalence of degenerative changes in the cervical and lumbar spine and estimate the degenerative changes in the cervical spine based on the degeneration of lumbar disc through a retrospective review of magnetic resonance (MR) images. Overview of Literature: Over 50% of middle-aged adults show evidence of spinal degeneration. However, the relationship between degenerative changes in the cervical and lumbar spine has yet to be elucidated...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710328/heart-and-____-or-give-and-____-an-exploration-of-variables-that-influence-binomial-completion-for-individuals-with-and-without-aphasia
#20
Catherine Torrington Eaton, Rochelle S Newman
Purpose: The goal of this research was to institute an evidence base behind commonly used elicitation materials known as binomials (e.g., "day and night") that are commonly used for persons with aphasia (PWAs). The study explored a number of linguistic variables that could influence successful binomial completion in nonaphasic adults and PWAs. Method: Thirty nonaphasic adults and 11 PWAs were asked to verbally complete 128 binomials; responses were scored by accuracy and reaction time...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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