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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703125/flat-clathrin-lattices-are-dynamic-actin-controlled-hubs-for-clathrin-mediated-endocytosis-and-signalling-of-specific-receptors
#1
Daniela Leyton-Puig, Tadamoto Isogai, Elisabetta Argenzio, Bram van den Broek, Jeffrey Klarenbeek, Hans Janssen, Kees Jalink, Metello Innocenti
Clathrin lattices at the plasma membrane coat both invaginated and flat regions forming clathrin-coated pits and clathrin plaques, respectively. The function and regulation of clathrin-coated pits in endocytosis are well understood but clathrin plaques remain enigmatic nanodomains. Here we use super-resolution microscopy, molecular genetics and cell biology to show that clathrin plaques contain the machinery for clathrin-mediated endocytosis and cell adhesion, and associate with both clathrin-coated pits and filamentous actin...
July 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681629/cyclic-stretch-induced-the-cytoskeleton-rearrangement-and-gene-expression-of-cytoskeletal-regulators-in-human-periodontal-ligament-cells
#2
Yaqin Wu, Jiabao Zhuang, Dan Zhao, Fuqiang Zhang, Jiayin Ma, Chun Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the mechanism of the stretch-induced cell realignment and cytoskeletal rearrangement by identifying several mechanoresponsive genes related to cytoskeletal regulators in human PDL cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After the cells were stretched by 1, 10 and 20% strains for 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 or 24 h, the changes of the morphology and content of microfilaments were recorded and calculated. Meanwhile, the expression of 84 key genes encoding cytoskeletal regulators after 6 and 24 h stretches with 20% strain was detected by using real-time PCR array...
July 6, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664153/sopb-mediated-recruitment-of-snx18-facilitates-salmonella-typhimurium-internalization-by-the-host-cell
#3
David Liebl, Xiaying Qi, Yang Zhe, Timothy C Barnett, Rohan D Teasdale
To invade epithelial cells, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) induces macropinocytosis through the action of virulence proteins delivered across the host cell membrane via a type III secretion system. We show that after docking at the plasma membrane S. Typhimurium triggers rapid recruitment of cytosolic SNX18, a SH3-PX-BAR domain sorting nexin protein, to the bacteria-induced membrane ruffles and to the nascent Salmonella-containing vacuole. SNX18 recruitment required the inositol-phosphatase activity of the Salmonella effector SopB and an intact phosphoinositide-binding site within the PX domain of SNX18, but occurred independently of Rho-GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42 activation...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551638/modulation-of-melanotransferrin-and-transferrin-receptor-1-tfrc-and-cd44-based-signaling-for-tfrc-up-regulation-in-human-melanoma-cells
#4
Friedemann Laube, Dagobert Glanz
BACKGROUND: The human melanoma cell line IGR-1 was used for the detection and regulation of both melanotransferrin (MTf) and transferrin receptor 1 (TFRC, CD71). While the function in iron transport of the TFRC is well documented the functional importance of MTf is not yet fully understood. Due to the up-regulation of TFRC by hyaluronan (HA) some components and aspects of CD44 signaling were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cell-surface proteins MTf, TFRC and ERBB2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB2) were detected by immunoluminescent technique using different polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537922/cooperative-but-distinct-early-co-signaling-events-originate-from-erbb2-and-erbb1-receptors-upon-trastuzumab-treatment-in-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Paola Bagnato, Alessia Castagnino, Katia Cortese, Maria Bono, Silvia Grasso, Grazia Bellese, Tiziana Daniele, Richard Lundmark, Paola Defilippi, Patrizio Castagnola, Carlo Tacchetti
ERBB2 receptor belongs to the ERBB tyrosine kinase receptor family. At variance to the other family members, ERBB2 is a constitutively active orphan receptor. Upon ligand binding and activation, ERBB receptors form homo- or hetero-dimers with the other family members, including ERBB2, promoting an intracellular signaling cascade. ERBB2 is the preferred dimerization partner and ERBB2 heterodimers signaling is stronger and longer acting compared to heterodimers between other ERBB members. The specific contribution of ERBB2 in heterodimer signaling is still undefined...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522963/the-f-actin-binding-protein-cortactin-regulates-the-dynamics-of-the-exocytotic-fusion-pore-through-its-sh3-domain
#6
Arlek M González-Jamett, María J Guerra, María J Olivares, Valentina Haro-Acuña, Ximena Baéz-Matus, Jacqueline Vásquez-Navarrete, Fanny Momboisse, Narcisa Martinez-Quiles, Ana M Cárdenas
Upon cell stimulation, the network of cortical actin filaments is rearranged to facilitate the neurosecretory process. This actin rearrangement includes both disruption of the preexisting actin network and de novo actin polymerization. However, the mechanism by which a Ca(2+) signal elicits the formation of new actin filaments remains uncertain. Cortactin, an actin-binding protein that promotes actin polymerization in synergy with the nucleation promoting factor N-WASP, could play a key role in this mechanism...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475688/oxaliplatin-inhibits-proliferation-and-migration-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-gas7c-and-the-n-wasp-fak-f-actin-pathway
#7
Dan Li, Bin Zhang, Chao Hu
The growth arrest-specific gene 7 (GAS7), a member of the growth-arrest-specific family, encodes three protein isoforms (GAS7A, GAS7B, and GAS7C) and plays a potential role in lung cancer as a tumor suppressor gene. In the present study, we found low endogenous expressions of GAS7C mRNA and protein in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines compared with normal liver cells, and that there was a distinct increase of GAS7C expression in HCC cells treated with oxaliplatin. CCK8, apoptosis, and Transwell migration assays showed that cell proliferation and motility of HepG2 and MHCC-97 H cells were inhibited by oxaliplatin, while apoptosis was increased...
May 5, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446721/senp3-grants-tight-junction-integrity-and-cytoskeleton-architecture-in-mouse-sertoli-cells
#8
Di Wu, Chun-Jie Huang, Faheem Ahmed Khan, Xiao-Fei Jiao, Xiao-Ming Liu, Nuruliarizki Shinta Pandupuspitasari, Rahim Dad Brohi, Li-Jun Huo
Germ cells develop in a sophisticated immune privileged microenvironment provided by specialized junctions contiguous the basement membrane of the adjacent Sertoli cells that constituted the blood-testis barrier (BTB) in seminiferous epithelium of testis in mammals. Deciphering the molecular regulatory machinery of BTB activity is central to improve male fertility and the role of post-translational modification including SUMOylation pathway is one of the key factors. Herein, we unveiled the mystery of the SUMO-2/3 specific protease SENP3 (Sentrin-specific protease 3) in BTB dynamics regulation...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377051/chlamydia-pneumoniae-infection-promotes-vascular-endothelial-cell-angiogenesis-through-an-iqgap1-related-signaling-pathway
#9
Beibei Wang, Lijun Zhang, Jingya Liu, Lu Ma, Haiwei Wang, Ningbo Zheng, Xiaoyu Chen, Bingling Shen, Zhelong Xu, Lijun Zhang
Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) infection plays a potential role in angiogenesis. However, it is still an enigma how C. pneumoniae is involved in this process. Therefore, we investigated the effect of C. pneumoniae infection on angiogenesis, and then explored the roles of IQGAP1-related signaling in C. pneumoniae infection-induced angiogenesis. C. pneumoniae infection significantly enhanced angiogenesis as assessed by the tube formation assay possibly by inducing vascular endothelial cell (VEC) migration in the wound healing and Transwell migration assays...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337270/n-wasp-promotes-invasion-and-migration-of-cervical-cancer-cells-through-regulating-p38-mapks-signaling-pathway
#10
Jinxuan Hou, Hui Yang, Xin Huang, Xiaohua Leng, Fuxiang Zhou, Conghua Xie, Yunfeng Zhou, Yu Xu
Neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) is an important member of the WASP family involved in the actin cytoskeleton reorganization. Recent evidence suggests that N-WASP may play important roles in tumor progression and metastasis. However, the contribution of N-WASP to cervical cancer is still unknown. The present study focused on elucidating the role of N-WASP in the malignant behavior of cervical cancer cells. We found that N-WASP overexpressed in cervical cancer tissues compared with paired paracancerous tissues and normal tissues, and similar results were observed in several cervical cancer cell lines...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191488/measurement-of-mechanical-tension-at-cell-cell-junctions-using-two-photon-laser-ablation
#11
Xuan Liang, Magdalene Michael, Guillermo A Gomez
The cortical actomyosin cytoskeleton is found in all non-muscle cells where a key function is to control mechanical force (Salbreux et al., 2012). When coupled to E-cadherin cell-cell adhesion, cortical actomyosin generates junctional tension that influences many aspects of tissue function, organization and morphogenesis (Lecuit and Yap, 2015). Uncovering the molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of junctional tension requires tools for measuring it in live cells with a high spatio-temporal resolution...
December 20, 2016: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184941/combined-effects-of-furanodiene-and-doxorubicin-on-the-migration-and-invasion-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#12
Zhang-Feng Zhong, Wen Tan, Ke Tian, Hua Yu, Wen-An Qiang, Yi-Tao Wang
Furanodiene is one of the major bioactive components isolated from the natural product of the plant, Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling. Furanodiene has been found to exert anticancer effects in various types of cancer cell lines, as well as exhibit antimetastatic activities. However, the antimetastatic capacity of furanodiene in combination with the common chemotherapy drug doxorubicin has not been investigated. We found that doxorubicin at a non-toxic concentration induced cell migration and cell invasion in highly metastatic breast cancer cells...
April 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161632/mammalian-verprolin-cr16-acts-as-a-modulator-of-itsn-scaffold-proteins-association-with-actin
#13
Sergii Kropyvko, Tetyana Gryaznova, Dmytro Morderer, Alla Rynditch
Actin cytoskeleton rearrangements are required for normal cell functioning, and their deregulation leads to various pathologies. Members of two mammalian protein families - ITSNs (ITSN1 and ITSN2) and verprolins (WIP, CR16 and WIRE) are involved in Cdc42/N-WASP/Arp2/3 signaling pathway-mediated remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. Recently we demonstrated that ITSNs interact with the actin-regulating protein WIP. Here, we show that other member of verprolin family, CR16, also forms complexes with ITSN1 and ITSN2 in human cell lines...
March 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129778/cdc42-interacting-protein-4-promotes-metastasis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-by-mediating-invadopodia-formation-and-activating-egfr-signaling
#14
Dong-Fang Meng, Ping Xie, Li-Xia Peng, Rui Sun, Dong-Hua Luo, Qiu-Yan Chen, Xing Lv, Lin Wang, Ming-Yuan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai, Ling Guo, Xiang Guo, Li-Sheng Zheng, Li Cao, Jun-Ping Yang, Meng-Yao Wang, Yan Mei, Yuan-Yuan Qiang, Zi-Meng Zhang, Jing-Ping Yun, Bi-Jun Huang, Chao-Nan Qian
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common malignancy in Southern China and Southeast Asia. In this study, we investigated the functional and molecular mechanisms by which CDC42-interacting protein 4 (CIP4) influences NPC. METHODS: The expression levels of CIP4 were examined by Western blot, qRT-PCR or IHC. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferative rate of NPC cells. The invasive abilities were examined by matrigel and transwell assay. The metastatic abilities of NPC cells were revealed in BALB/c nude mice...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089234/oncogenic-kras-induced-increase-in-fluid-phase-endocytosis-is-dependent-on-n-wasp-and-is-required-for-the-formation-of-pancreatic-preneoplastic-lesions
#15
Clara Lubeseder-Martellato, Katharina Alexandrow, Ana Hidalgo-Sastre, Irina Heid, Sophie Luise Boos, Thomas Briel, Roland M Schmid, Jens T Siveke
Fluid-phase endocytosis is a homeostatic process with an unknown role in tumor initiation. The driver mutation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is constitutively active KRas(G12D), which induces neoplastic transformation of acinar cells through acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM). We have previously shown that KRas(G12D)-induced ADM is dependent on RAC1 and EGF receptor (EGFR) by a not fully clarified mechanism. Using three-dimensional mouse and human acinar tissue cultures and genetically engineered mouse models, we provide evidence that (i) KRas(G12D) leads to EGFR-dependent sustained fluid-phase endocytosis (FPE) during acinar metaplasia; (ii) variations in plasma membrane tension increase FPE and lead to ADM in vitro independently of EGFR; and (iii) that RAC1 regulates ADM formation partially through actin-dependent regulation of FPE...
December 24, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057438/oncogenic-kras-induced-increase-in-fluid-phase-endocytosis-is-dependent-on-n-wasp-and-is-required-for-the-formation-of-pancreatic-preneoplastic-lesions
#16
Clara Lubeseder-Martellato, Katharina Alexandrow, Ana Hidalgo-Sastre, Irina Heid, Sophie Luise Boos, Thomas Briel, Roland M Schmid, Jens T Siveke
Fluid-phase endocytosis is a homeostatic process with an unknown role in tumor initiation. The driver mutation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is constitutively active KRas(G12D), which induces neoplastic transformation of acinar cells through acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM). We have previously shown that KRas(G12D)-induced ADM is dependent on RAC1 and EGF receptor (EGFR) by a not fully clarified mechanism. Using three-dimensional mouse and human acinar tissue cultures and genetically engineered mouse models, we provide evidence that (i) KRas(G12D) leads to EGFR-dependent sustained fluid-phase endocytosis (FPE) during acinar metaplasia; (ii) variations in plasma membrane tension increase FPE and lead to ADM in vitro independently of EGFR; and (iii) that RAC1 regulates ADM formation partially through actin-dependent regulation of FPE...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965114/myogenic-differentiation-depends-on-the-interplay-of-grb2-and-n-wasp
#17
Payal Mitra, Thirumaran Thanabalu
Myogenesis requires a well-coordinated withdrawal from cell cycle, morphological changes and cell fusion mediated by actin cytoskeleton. Grb2 is an adaptor protein whose central SH2 domain binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residues of activated receptors and activates intracellular signaling pathway, while its N-terminal and C-terminal SH3 domains bind to proline rich proteins such as N-WASP (Neural-Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Protein). We found that the expression of Grb2 was increased at the beginning of differentiation and remained constant during differentiation in C2C12 myoblasts...
December 10, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939884/wip-promotes-in-vitro-invasion-ability-anchorage-independent-growth-and-emt-progression-of-a549-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-by-regulating-rhoa-levels
#18
Amrita Salvi, Thirumaran Thanabalu
Cancer cell migration and invasion involves actin cytoskeleton reorganization, which is regulated by the WASP (Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Protein) family of proteins such as WASP, N-WASP (Neural-WASP) and WASP interacting protein (WIP). In this study, we found that the expression of WIP was significantly upregulated in metastatic A5-RT3 cells compared to its parental non-tumorigenic HaCaT cells. Using A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line as the model system, we found that WIP regulates cell invasion, proliferation and anchorage-independent growth...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909303/conditional-knockout-of-n-wasp-in-mouse-fibroblast-caused-keratinocyte-hyper-proliferation-and-enhanced-wound-closure
#19
Neeraj Jain, Pazhanichamy Kalailingam, Kai Wei Tan, Hui Bing Tan, Ming Keat Sng, Jeremy Soon Kiat Chan, Nguan Soon Tan, Thirumaran Thanabalu
Neural-Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Protein (N-WASP) is expressed ubiquitously, regulates actin polymerization and is essential during mouse development. We have previously shown that N-WASP is critical for cell-ECM adhesion in fibroblasts. To characterize the role of N-WASP in fibroblast for skin development, we generated a conditional knockout mouse model in which fibroblast N-WASP was ablated using the Cre recombinase driven by Fibroblast Specific Protein promoter (Fsp-Cre). N-WASP(FKO) (N-WASP(fl/fl); Fsp-cre) were born following Mendelian genetics, survived without any visible abnormalities for more than 1 year and were sexually reproductive, suggesting that expression of N-WASP in fibroblast is not critical for survival under laboratory conditions...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881679/the-shigella-virulence-factor-icsa-relieves-n-wasp-autoinhibition-by-displacing-the-verprolin-homology-cofilin-acidic-vca-domain
#20
Rui P M Mauricio, Cy M Jeffries, Dmitri I Svergun, Janet E Deane
Shigella flexneri is a bacterial pathogen that invades cells of the gastrointestinal tract, causing severe dysentery. Shigella mediates intracellular motility and spreading via actin comet tail formation. This process is dependent on the surface-exposed, membrane-embedded virulence factor IcsA, which recruits the host actin regulator N-WASP. Although it is clear that Shigella requires N-WASP for this process, the molecular details of this interaction and the mechanism of N-WASP activation remain poorly understood...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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