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Surgical skills Simulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154932/correlation-of-virtual-reality-simulation-and-dry-lab-robotic-technical-skills
#1
Laura K Newcomb, Megan S Bradley, Tracy Truong, Michelle Tang, Bryan Comstock, Yi-Ju Li, Anthony G Visco, Nazema Y Siddiqui
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a set of virtual reality (VR) surgical simulation drills have correlative validity when compared to the validated Robotic Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (R-OSATS) dry lab drills. DESIGN: A prospective methods comparison study (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: A teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty current residents, fellows, and faculty from the departments of OB/GYN, Urology, and General Surgery...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153250/mental-skills-training-effectively-minimizes-operative-performance-deterioration-under-stressful-conditions-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
N E Anton, J Beane, A M Yurco, L D Howley, E Bean, E M Myers, D Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: Stress can negatively impact surgical performance, but mental skills may help. We hypothesized that a comprehensive mental skills curriculum (MSC) would minimize resident performance deterioration under stress. METHODS: Twenty-four residents were stratified then randomized to receive mental skills and FLS training (MSC group), or only FLS training (control group). Laparoscopic suturing skill was assessed on a live porcine model with and without external stressors...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139057/cadaveric-simulation-a-review-of-reviews
#3
REVIEW
M Yiasemidou, E Gkaragkani, D Glassman, C S Biyani
BACKGROUND: Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education...
November 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137721/current-robotic-curricula-for-surgery-residents-a-need-for-additional-cognitive-and-psychomotor-focus
#4
Courtney A Green, Hueylan Chern, Patricia S O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Current robot surgery curricula developed by industry were designed for expert surgeons. We sought to identify the robotic curricula that currently exist in general surgery residencies and describe their components. METHODS: We identified 12 residency programs with robotic curricula. Using a structured coding form to identify themes including sequence, duration, emphasis and assessment, we generated a descriptive summary. RESULTS: Curricula followed a similar sequence: learners started with online modules and simulation exercises, followed by bedside experience during R2-R3 training years, and then operative opportunities on the console in the final years of training...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137720/improving-surgical-residents-communication-in-disclosing-complications-a-qualitative-analysis-of-simulated-physician-and-patient-surrogate-conversations
#5
Carolina Fernandez Branson, Jeffrey G Chipman
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explore surgical resident communication with simulated patient surrogates (SPs), in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). METHODS: We use discourse analysis (DA), a qualitative approach to analyzing language, to evaluate our residents' interactions with simulated patient surrogates. After identifying problematic communication patterns, we apply communication theory to discuss our findings and provide suggestions for improvement...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130876/efficacy-of-arthroscopic-teaching-methods-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Luke Robinson, Jonathon Spanyer, Zachary Yenna, Patrick Burchell, Andrew Garber, John Riehl
Arthroscopic education research recently has been focused on the use of skills labs to facilitate resident education and objective measure development to gauge technical skill. This study evaluates the effectiveness of three different teaching methods. Medical students were randomized into three groups. The first group received only classroom-based lecture. The second group received the same lecture and 28 minutes of lab-based hands-off arthroscopy instruction using a cadaver and arthroscopy setup. The final group received the same lecture and 7 minutes of hands-on arthroscopy instruction in the lab on a cadaver knee...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125206/a-comparative-analysis-and-guide-to-virtual-reality-robotic-surgical-simulators
#7
Danielle Julian, Alyssa Tanaka, Patricia Mattingly, Mireille Truong, Manuela Perez, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Since the US Food and Drug Administration approved robotically assisted surgical devices for human surgery in 2000, the number of surgeries utilizing this innovative technology has risen. In 2015, approximately 650 000 robot-assisted procedures were performed worldwide. Surgeons must be properly trained to safely transition to using such innovative technology. Multiple virtual reality robotic simulators are now commercially available for educational and training purposes. There is a need for comparative evaluations of these simulators to aid users in selecting an appropriate device for their purposes...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117409/development-of-a-perfusion-based-cadaveric-simulation-model-integrated-into-neurosurgical-training-feasibility-based-on-reconstitution-of-vascular-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-systems
#8
Gabriel Zada, Joshua Bakhsheshian, Martin Pham, Mike Minneti, Eisha Christian, Jesse Winer, Aaron Robison, Bozena Wrobel, Jonathan Russin, William J Mack, Steven Giannotta
BACKGROUND: Novel methodologies providing realistic simulation of the neurosurgical operating room environment are currently needed, particularly for highly subspecialized operations with steep learning curves, high-risk profiles, and demands for advanced psychomotor skills. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a curriculum for using perfusion-based cadaveric simulation models in a "Mock Operating Room" for neurosurgical procedures. METHODS: At the USC Keck School of Medicine Fresh Tissue Dissection Laboratory between 2012 and 2016, 43 cadaveric specimens underwent cannulation of the femoral or carotid artery and artificial perfusion of the arterial system, and/or cannulation of the intradural cervical spine for intrathecal reconstitution of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) system...
May 13, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102016/editorial-commentary-arthroscopic-simulation-training-need-not-be-expensive-to-be-effective
#9
EDITORIAL
Aman Dhawan
In a randomized controlled trial of arthroscopic training tools, the low-cost/low-fidelity Cigar Box Arthroscopy Trainer demonstrated equivalent efficacy to the validated, and more expensive, Anatomic Knee Arthroscopy Trainer (AKAT) in the training of novice arthroscopists using a validated scoring system, the Basic Arthroscopic Knee Skill Scoring System. As simulation training and formal surgical skills training is now mandatory, residency and fellowship programs are required to incorporate training modules and equipment to maximize learning while minimizing potential for patient harm...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102004/arthroscopic-training-in-the-21st-century-a-changing-paradigm
#10
EDITORIAL
Michael D Feldman, Jefferson C Brand, Michael J Rossi, James H Lubowitz
Although proficiency training will never completely replace the apprenticeship model, improvement in arthroscopic surgical-simulator technology permits students to spend less time observing and more time doing. The best models and simulators allow measurement and documentation of skill-based progression. Once basic skills have been satisfactorily demonstrated, trainees transitioning to actual operative arthroscopy should be expected to contribute to safer and more efficient patient care while continuing to learn and improve...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100919/identifying-nontechnical-skill-deficits-in-trainees-through-interdisciplinary-trauma-simulation
#11
Sarah Sullivan, Krystle Campbell, Joshua C Ross, Ryan Thompson, Alyson Underwood, Anne LeGare, Ingie Osman, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate nontechnical skills in a simulated trauma setting both before and after a debriefing session in order to better understand areas to target for the development of educational interventions. DESIGN: Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare scores on the 5 domains of the T-NOTECHS pre- and postdebriefings. A qualitative analysis using the PEARLS debriefing framework was performed to provide a rich description of the strategies used by the debriefing facilitators...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099312/learning-laparoscopic-skills-observation-or-practice
#12
Françoise Schmitt, Aurora Mariani, Emilie Eyssartier, Jean-Claude Granry, Guillaume Podevin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the respective roles of observation and direct practice in the retention of laparoscopic skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen fifth-year medical students were included in a two-session laparoscopic learning course. During the first session, each participant was given four tasks to complete from the "Basic skills" and "Essential tasks" modules of the Simbionix LAP Mentor™, and another four tasks for observation only...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099249/effect-of-simulator-orientation-during-skills-training-on-performance-of-basic-laparoscopic-tasks-by-veterinary-students
#13
Rachael D Lencioni, Claude A Ragle, Mathew L Kinser, Todd Coffey, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE To determine whether basic laparoscopic skills acquired during training in the horizontal plane would transfer to the vertical plane and vice versa. DESIGN Evaluation study. SAMPLE POPULATION 26 first- and second-year veterinary students with no prior laparoscopic skills training or surgical experience. PROCEDURES Participants were nonrandomly assigned to 2 groups. Group 1 (n = 15) underwent laparoscopic skills training in the horizontal plane, and group 2 (17) underwent laparoscopic skills training in the vertical plane...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079992/vcsim3-a-vr-simulator-for-cardiovascular-interventions
#14
Przemyslaw Korzeniowski, Ruth J White, Fernando Bello
PURPOSE: Effective and safe performance of cardiovascular interventions requires excellent catheter/guidewire manipulation skills. These skills are currently mainly gained through an apprenticeship on real patients, which may not be safe or cost-effective. Computer simulation offers an alternative for core skills training. However, replicating the physical behaviour of real instruments navigated through blood vessels is a challenging task. METHODS: We have developed VCSim3-a virtual reality simulator for cardiovascular interventions...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079109/results-of-a-surgical-simulation-course-designed-to-improve-surgery-clerkship-performance
#15
Joseph LaPorta, Tanner McClure, Michael E Tieman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the 2015-2016 academic year, Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine (RVUCOM) conducted a required 1-week surgical simulation course as the first week of students' 8-week surgical clerkship. This course was adapted from a pilot RVUCOM surgical simulation course and other surgical simulation courses identified in the literature. The objectives of this course were to teach surgical skills and clinical knowledge, aid students in adjusting to the stress of a surgical clerkship, and improve students' confidence and abilities during the clerkship...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078916/evaluation-of-a-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-curriculum-for-students-entering-surgery
#16
Edward S Shipper, Sarah E Miller, Brittany N Hasty, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Prior interventions to address declining interest in surgical careers have focused on creating early exposure and fostering mentorship at the preclinical medical student level. Navigating the surgical environment can be challenging, however, and preclinical students may be more likely to pursue a surgical career if they are given the tools to function optimally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a 10-wk technical and nontechnical skills curriculum to provide preclinical students with knowledge and skills necessary to successfully navigate the surgical learning environment, followed by placement in high-fidelity surgical simulations and scrubbing in on operative cases with attending surgeons...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078886/residents-surgical-performance-during-the-laboratory-years-an-analysis-of-rule-based-errors
#17
Jay N Nathwani, Brett J Wise, Margaret E Garren, Hossein Mohamadipanah, Nicole Van Beek, Shannon M DiMarco, Carla M Pugh
BACKGROUND: Nearly one-third of surgical residents will enter into academic development during their surgical residency by dedicating time to a research fellowship for 1-3 y. Major interest lies in understanding how laboratory residents' surgical skills are affected by minimal clinical exposure during academic development. A widely held concern is that the time away from clinical exposure results in surgical skills decay. This study examines the impact of the academic development years on residents' operative performance...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078624/the-role-of-wet-lab-in-thoracic-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Benedetta Bedetti, Philipp Schnorr, Joachim Schmidt, Marco Scarci
During the last three decades, minimally invasive surgery has become common practice in all kinds of surgical disciplines and, in Thoracic Surgery, the minimally invasive approach is recommended as the treatment of choice for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Nevertheless, all over the world a large number of lobectomies is still performed by conventional open thoracotomy and not as video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), which shows the need of a proper training for this technique. Development and improvement of surgical skills are not only challenging and time-consuming components of the training curriculum for resident or fellow surgeons, but also for more experienced consultants learning new techniques...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078620/surgical-robot-simulation-with-bbz-console
#19
REVIEW
Francesco Bovo, Giacomo De Rossi, Francesco Visentin
This paper presents a lean approach to training in robot assisted surgery. Minimally Invasive Surgical procedures can be decomposed in a sequence of tasks, each surgical task can be further decomposed in basic gestures. Each surgical gesture seems similar to perform rather in laparoscopic than in robot assisted technique, but surgeon posture, tools dexterity, force and vision feedback are different. As a consequence, performing a robot-assisted procedure needs specific training. Currently, the most used robot in in abdominal and pelvic surgery is the da Vinci Surgical System and a different set of skills is needed to master the human-machine interface of this device...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078597/teaching-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-using-an-ex-vivo-simulation-model
#20
Marcelo Jimenez, Maria Teresa Gomez-Hernandez
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is gradually replacing conventional open thoracotomy as the standard approach of many lung resections and thoracic surgical trainees and experienced surgeons must learn and master this technique. Simulation based training may be a good option to acquire or improve these advanced skills, however realistic and inexpensive simulators are not accessible or commercially available. We developed a low cost and hi fidelity simulation model using porcine heart-lung blocks.
2017: J Vis Surg
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