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disease diagnosis in dental

Sylwia Chojnowska, Tomasz Baran, Iwona Wilińska, Paulina Sienicka, Iwona Cabaj-Wiater, Małgorzata Knaś
Today blood biochemical laboratory tests are essential elements to the diagnosis and monitoring of the treatment of diseases. However, many researchers have suggested saliva as an preferable diagnostic material. The collection of saliva is simple, painless, cheap and safe, both for patients and medical staff. An additional advantage of saliva is the fact that it may be retrieved several times a day, which makes repeat analysis much easier. Furthermore, saliva has very high durability. Although 94-99% of salivary content is water, saliva also contains numerous cellular elements and many organic and inorganic substances, including most biological markers present in the blood and urine that may be used in the early detection and monitoring of many dental and general diseases...
November 14, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Karun Aggarwal, Sanjay Rastogi, Atul Joshi, Ashish Kumar, Archana Chaurasia, Rajat Prakash
Prior to the advent of efficacious antimicrobial agents, the mortality rate from cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) was effectively 100%. There have been very few reports of CST associated with tooth extraction. A 40-year-old female presented to the emergency room with swelling over the right side of the face and history of extraction in the upper right region by an unregistered dental practitioner. The patient presented with diplopia, periorbital ecchymosis, and chemosis of the right eye. A computed tomography scan revealed venous dilatation of the right superior ophthalmic vein...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Xiaohan Xu, Tienan Zhu, Di Wu, Lu Zhang
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially lethal multisystem disorder which could be caused by autoimmune diseases. However, the concomitant occurrence of TTP and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an extremely uncommon scenario, especially in male patients. A 56-year-old Chinese male was admitted for the appearance of diffuse ecchymosis. Then he gradually developed transient slurred speech, progressive confusion, agitation, extremity weakness, and fever. Laboratory investigations suggested anemia, thrombocytopenia, significantly increased lactic dehydrogenase, schistocytes in peripheral blood smear, and a disintegrin-like metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motif type 1 member 13 (ADAMTS13) activity deficiency with high inhibitor titers...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Abdullah S Hemadi, Ruijie Huang, Yuan Zhou, Jing Zou
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a term used to describe dental caries in children aged 6 years or younger. Oral streptococci, such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sorbrinus, are considered to be the main etiological agents of tooth decay in children. Other bacteria, such as Prevotella spp. and Lactobacillus spp., and fungus, that is, Candida albicans, are related to the development and progression of ECC. Biomolecules in saliva, mainly proteins, affect the survival of oral microorganisms by multiple innate defensive mechanisms, thus modulating the oral microflora...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
Anderson Jambeiro de Souza, Isaac Suzart Gomes-Filho, Carlos Alberto Lima da Silva, Johelle de Santana Passos-Soares, Simone Seixas da Cruz, Soraya Castro Trindade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Yvonne de Paiva Buischi, Gregory J Seymour, Eneida de Moraes Marcílio Cerqueira
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with oral diseases in individuals with HIV/AIDS. A cross sectional study was carried out which included 312 individuals registered in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in three municipalities of the State of Bahia: Feira de Santana, Santo Antonio de Jesus and Juazeiro, Brazil. Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics related to life style and to dental caries, periodontitis and intra-oral mucosal lesions were investigated in patients with HIV/AIDS infection...
November 10, 2017: AIDS Care
A V Kislitsyna, A G Volkov, N Zh Dikopova, S S Akhmedbaeva, A L Shishmareva
Playing various musical instruments is the cause of an additional load that affects the condition of dentition and of all organs and body systems at large. Each group of instruments is known to exert a specific impact on the health of the musicians including the undesirable influence on the state of thir oral cavity, such as a change of occlusion and irritation of oral mucosa. Taken together, these effects contribute to the development of periodontal disease, one of the most common dental disorders. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ozone therapy conducted with the use of the generator producing ozone under effect of ultraviolet radiation for the treatment of periodontitis in musicians-instrumentalists...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
M Rudralingam, C Randall, A J Mighell
Topical corticosteroids (TCs) are the most commonly prescribed drugs in oral medicine practice. Use in management of immune-driven inflammatory oral mucosal disease is predominantly off-label and poorly supported by evidence, yet oral medicine specialists have considerable collective experience of prescribing, administering and managing these medications. TCs are also prescribed by others in healthcare including general dental practitioners. Successful TC use is influenced by accurate diagnosis, TC choice (potency and formulation), patient acceptability (including ease of use, taste and texture), frequency of application, duration of treatment, adverse effects, patient support and medication regulations and access...
December 2017: British Dental Journal
Sasha A McGee, Luz Claudio
Nativity is not often considered in the study of health disparities. We conducted a cross-sectional, parent-reported survey of demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, healthcare access, and health conditions in New York City schoolchildren (n = 9029). US-born children with US-born parents (US/US) had higher socioeconomic status, better access to healthcare, and reported higher rates of disease diagnoses compared to US-born children with immigrant parents and to immigrant children. Dental cavities were the only condition in which US/US children reported lower prevalence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alan D Workman, Eric J Granquist, Nithin D Adappa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Odontogenic causes of sinusitis are frequently missed; clinicians often overlook odontogenic disease whenever examining individuals with symptomatic rhinosinusitis. Conventional treatments for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) will often fail in odontogenic sinusitis. There have been several recent developments in the understanding of mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment of odontogenic sinusitis, and clinicians should be aware of these advances to best treat this patient population...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
J Caitlin Stone, Andrew Hannah, Nathan Nagar
Data sourcesMedline, Scopus and Google Scholar.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected studies independently. English language clinical studies assessing the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and features of dental occlusion were considered.Data extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) and a narrative synthesis was presented.ResultsIn all 25 studies (17 case-control, eight comparative) were included. Overall there was a high variability between occlusal features and TMD diagnosis...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
S Rehrl, W Schröder, C Müller, C Staszyk, C Lischer
BACKGROUND: Equine odontoclastic tooth resorption and hypercementosis (EOTRH) is a painful and progressive dental disease that mainly affects the incisors and canine teeth of aged horses. Diagnosis is based on radiographs to detect early stages of the disease. EOTRH is probably underdiagnosed and its prevalence in Germany unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the radiological prevalence of EOTRH in a large horse population in Berlin-Brandenburg, Germany...
October 25, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
Beata Głowacka, Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially involves the terminal part of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The disease course is usually long-term with episodes of remission and relapses. The clinical presentation of the disease varies and depends on the site of inflammation. Oral lesions can occur in 80% of pediatric and 90% of adult patients with CD...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
K Silva, A Alves, M Correa, A Etges, A-C Vasconcelos, A-P Gomes, S Tarquinio
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence and the characteristics of jaw lesions diagnosed in young adults aged 20 to 30 years in a southern Brazil reference center, over a period of 25 years. And to analyze the concordance between clinical and histological diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, the biopsies files from this center were retrieved and data regarding sex, age, bone localization, clinical and histological diagnosis were collected...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Shambhu Sharma, Pankaj Datta, Janak Raj Sabharwal, Sonia Datta
Dentofacial anomalies may guide us to the diagnosis of many congenital and hereditary syndromes. A 9-year-old boy was diagnosed with Nance-Horan syndrome. This syndrome is an extremely rare X-linked genetic disorder which is entirely expressed in males with semi-dominant transmission which results from mutations occurring in male gametes. It is characterized by facial dysmorphism such as long face, prominent nose and mandibular prognathism, ocular abnormalities such as congenital cataract, microcornea, microphthalmia and strabismus, and dental anomalies including mulberry molars and screwdriver-shaped incisors...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Noreen Myers-Wright, Ira B Lamster, John P Jasek, Shadi Chamany
OBJECTIVE: The identification of persons with or at risk for chronic diseases is a new practice paradigm for oral healthcare. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease of particular importance to oral health providers. This study sought to understand healthcare utilization patterns that would support the introduction of this new practice paradigm. METHODS: The primary and oral healthcare utilization patterns of New York City (NYC) adults were assessed using data collected from the 2013 NYC Community Health Survey...
October 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
G Kourounis, Q X Lim, T Rashid, S Gurunathan
Simultaneous pneumoperitoneum and pneumomediastinum is a rare clinical occurrence. It has been reported in the literature as a complication of various medical and dental procedures. To our knowledge, we present the first case of a non-iatrogenic and traumatic simultaneous pneumoperitoneum and pneumomediastinum in a previously independent 91-year-old man who presented to hospital with back and chest wall pain following mechanical fall from standing. A new radiological diagnosis of diverticular disease with possible perforation was made following admission...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Yuuki Houno, Toshimitsu Hishikawa, Ken-Ichi Gotoh, Munetaka Naitoh, Akio Mitani, Toshihide Noguchi, Eiichiro Ariji, Yoshie Kodera
PURPOSE: Evaluation of alveolar bone is important in the diagnosis of dental diseases. The periodontal ligament space is difficult to clearly depict in cone-beam computed tomography images because the reconstruction filter conditions during image processing cause image blurring, resulting in decreased spatial resolution. We examined different reconstruction filters to assess their ability to improve spatial resolution and allow for a clearer visualization of the periodontal ligament space...
September 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Siluvai Sibyl, Darshana Bennadi, Nandita Kshetrimayum, Maurya Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Oral health plays an important role for screening of many systemic diseases. Hence, dentists play an important role in screening for systemic diseases as well. Early diagnosis of any systemic diseases can prevent long-term complications. Diabetic is one of the common chronic diseases. Hence, the study had been undertaken to evaluate whether gingival crevicular blood (GCB) can be used to screen for diabetes during routine oral health checkups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical study included thirty participants who visited the Department of Periodontics, who fulfilled inclusion criteria and were willing to participate...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes-Ferreira, João Paulo Bonardi, Jonathan Ribeiro da Silva, Gustavo Lima Latini, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
Infections of the maxillofacial complex caused by caries disease are common in dental practice. The professionals have to have technical knowledge to treat it at the onset of the condition and avoid the spread to deep anatomical spaces of face and neck, which can implicate in a risk of patients' life.In Brazil, current dental professionals usually denied oral surgical treatments in patients with some clinical conditions, not because of fear to resolve it but for lack of knowledge to treat it. An example of these conditionals is pregnancy...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Bahareh Tahani, Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Hamid Emami, Fatemeh Alamchi
PURPOSE: Oral cancer diagnosis and treatment could influence the well-being of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of oral cancer patients after their treatments. METHOD: In this descriptive-analytical study, all oral cancer patients' records were retrieved from the archives of the oral pathology departments of Isfahan dental school and Sayed-al-Shohada from 2004 to 2015. Telephone interviews were conducted to collect data using the short form 36 (SF-36) and Head and Neck (H&N35) questionnaire...
December 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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