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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#1
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906991/association-between-history-of-dental-amalgam-fillings-and-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#2
Yung-Chuang Hsu, Cheng-Wei Chang, Hsin-Lin Lee, Chuan-Chung Chuang, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Wan-Yun Li, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Earl Fu
The impact of dental amalgam on the development of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still uncertain, although a positive association between dental amalgam and PD has been found in a few case-control studies. The patients with amalgam fillings restored between 2000 and 2008 were identified by using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The same number of patients who had no new amalgam filling restored was matched by sex, age, and treatment date. Both cohorts were followed up from the treatment date until the date of diagnosis of PD, death, or the end of the year 2008...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901225/external-cervical-resorption-diagnostic-and-treatment-tips
#3
Alberto Consolaro
External cervical resorption is caused, almost exclusively, by dental trauma - especially those characterized by concussion - and is a dental disease to be diagnosed and treated accurately by endodontists. However, the vast majority of the cases is initially diagnosed by an orthodontist, due to the imaging possibilities in standardized documentations. Among the causes of external cervical resorption, it is common to mistakenly attribute it to orthodontic treatment, traumatic occlusion or even to chronic inflammatory periodontal disease...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896841/dental-pain-in-the-medical-emergency-department-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
C C Currie, S J Stone, J Connolly, J Durham
OBJECTIVE: To examine the number of patients attending a medical emergency department (MED) with dental problems over a three year period. DESIGN: A cross sectional study was carried out as part of a service evaluation. Data were collected via a database search of patient attendances at the MED using free text and the 10(th) revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) for oral and dental diagnoses. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, T-Test, and chi-squared tests...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891491/mri-in-dentistry-a-future-towards-radiation-free-imaging-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Lav Kumar Niraj, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), being a technique with huge potential, has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application now has been successfully used in dentistry to maximize the diagnostic certainty. AIM: The present review aims to analyze the applicability, feasibility and efficacy of MRI in the field of dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in main databases like Pub Med Central, Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar from 1970 up to December 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863155/nanoparticle-based-targeting-and-detection-of-microcavities
#6
Nathan A Jones, Sywe-Ren Chang, William J Troske, Brian H Clarkson, Joerg Lahann
Although dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease worldwide, currently, many dentists continue to use the traditional mirror and probe (dental explorer) method of caries diagnosis. This method of caries detection has the drawback that it is often difficult to distinguish between active and inactive carious lesions. In this work, novel bio-based nanoparticles are developed to specifically detect active caries in vitro. The nanoparticles are made from a cationic fluorescein-labeled food-grade starch in order to fluoresce when illuminated by a standard dental curing light, and to degrade in the oral cavity into nontoxic compounds after detecting the active carious lesion...
November 15, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857093/rheumatoid-arthritis-an-update-for-general-dental-practitioners
#7
S de Souza, R K Bansal, J Galloway
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder which significantly impacts patients' lives and can lead to permanent disability. Inflammation in RA not only affects joints; but can affect organs including the heart and lungs. Early diagnosis, initiation of intensive drug therapy, and a multidisciplinary care approach have vastly improved the long-term prognosis for those living with the condition. However, RA patients often present with co-morbidities which add to the complexity of clinical management...
November 18, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834119/correlation-of-periodontal-disease-with-inflammatory-arthritis-in-the-time-before-modern-medical-intervention
#8
Bruce Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to possible correlation of periodontal disease with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Confounding factors may relate to stringency of inflammatory disease diagnosis and to effect on periodontal disease of therapeutic intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. These were investigated. METHODS: Forty-five individuals with documented rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease were examined from the Hamann-Todd collection of human skeletons compiled between 1912 and 1938, in addition to fifteen individuals contemporarily incorporated in the collection were examined for tooth loss, cavity occurrence, average and maximum lingual and buccal depth of the space between tooth and bone, periosteal reaction, serpentine bone resorption, abscess formation and root penetration of bone surface and analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833245/buccal-mucosal-graft-urethroplasty-for-proximal-bulbar-urethral-stricture-a-revisit-of-the-surgical-technique-and-analysis-of-eleven-consecutive-cases
#9
Irekpita Eshiobo, Esezobor Ehizomen, F Omosofe, V Onuora
BACKGROUND: Urethral stricture disease is prevalent, and many surgical techniques have been developed to treat it. Currently, urethroplasty for bulbar strictures implies ventral or dorsal stricturotomy and a buccal mucosa graft (BMG) patch. OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical approach of the ventral patch BMG urethroplasty for proximal bulbar urethral stricture and to analyze 11 consecutive cases for whom the technique was used. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The diagnosis of urethral stricture was confirmed with a combined retrograde urethrography and micturating cystourethrography...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822394/giant-cell-fibroma-in-a-two-year-old-child
#10
Anna Carolina Volpi Mello-Moura, Ana Maria Antunes Santos, Gabriela Azevedo Vasconcelos Cunha Bonini, Cristina Giovannetti Del Conte Zardetto, Cacio Moura-Netto, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
The giant cell fibroma is a benign nonneoplastic fibrous tumor of the oral mucosa. It occurs in the first three decades of life in the mandibular gingiva, predominantly, showing predilection for females. This article reports a case of giant cell fibroma in a 2-year-old girl, which is an uncommon age for this lesion. The patient was brought for treatment at the Research and Clinical Center of Dental Trauma in Primary Teeth, where practice for the Discipline of Pediatric Dentistry (Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil) takes place...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812777/acromegaly-clinical-features-at-diagnosis
#11
REVIEW
Lucio Vilar, Clarice Freitas Vilar, Ruy Lyra, Raissa Lyra, Luciana A Naves
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare and underdiagnosed disorder caused, in more than 95% of cases, by a growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma. The GH hypersecretion leads to overproduction of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) which results in a multisystem disease characterized by somatic overgrowth, multiple comorbidities, physical disfigurement, and increased mortality. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review the clinical features of acromegaly at diagnosis...
November 3, 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807761/oral-lichen-sclerosus-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Helvécio Marangon Júnior, Paulo Eduardo Alencar Souza, Rodrigo Villamarim Soares, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Gustavo Henrique de Mattos Pereira, Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease that often affects the anogenital area and causes significant discomfort and morbidity. Oral mucosal lesions in LS are extremely rare and might be associated with genital and/or skin manifestations. As a unique manifestation of LS, oral lesions are even more rare, with only 20 cases reported in English-language literature. In reviewing that literature in this paper, we present the case of a 44-year-old white man who sought dental assistance with a complaint of a white spot on his upper lip...
November 2, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803201/the-effects-of-faculty-calibration-on-caries-risk-assessment-and-quality-assurance
#13
Susie P Goolsby, Douglas A Young, Harmeet K Chiang, Caroline K Carrico, Leonard V Jackson, Peter Rechmann
Accurate caries risk assessment (CRA) plays a pivotal role in managing the disease of dental caries. The aim of this quality assurance study was to determine if faculty calibration training using a specific set of guidelines in a single session would improve the faculty members' CRA decision making. A calibration seminar was held in December 2014 at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry, during which seven completed CRA forms for simulated patients were used to test 55 faculty members' risk assignment level before and after an instructional lecture was given...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796472/-hypophosphatasia-what-is-currently-available-for-treatment
#14
T Schmidt, M Amling, F Barvencik
This review presents the current knowledge on the diagnosis and treatment of hypophosphatasia, a rare genetic disease, caused by mutations in the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene. The clinical spectrum of hypophosphatasia is highly variable ranging from lethal infantile forms to mild forms diagnosed in adults. Although the disease rarely occurs, correct diagnosis is important to provide appropriate treatment and to avoid worsening by use of harmful drugs such as bisphosphonates. Low serum values of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is the main feature of HPP, but by itself not sufficient for diagnosis, as it can occur under different conditions...
December 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792804/trismus-as-a-clinical-manifestation-of-tetanus-a-case-report
#15
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Vassilis Petsinis, Lampros Goutzanis, Charikleia Atsali, Nikolaos Papadogeorgaki
Although the incidence of tetanus disease has radically declined in developed countries, both dental practitioners and oral and maxillofacial surgeons should be knowledgeable about its diagnosis since initial manifestations of the disease, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. This study reports on a case of generalized tetanus diagnosed in a middle-aged man. Before the tetanus diagnosis, the patient had sought medical advice from seven different health care professionals, including a dentist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787784/decision-making-based-on-fuzzy-aggregation-operators-for-medical-diagnosis-from-dental-x-ray-images
#16
Tran Thi Ngan, Tran Manh Tuan, Le Hoang Son, Nguyen Hai Minh, Nilanjan Dey
Medical diagnosis is considered as an important step in dentistry treatment which assists clinicians to give their decision about diseases of a patient. It has been affirmed that the accuracy of medical diagnosis, which is much influenced by the clinicians' experience and knowledge, plays an important role to effective treatment therapies. In this paper, we propose a novel decision making method based on fuzzy aggregation operators for medical diagnosis from dental X-Ray images. It firstly divides a dental X-Ray image into some segments and identified equivalent diseases by a classification method called Affinity Propagation Clustering (APC+)...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781066/diagnostic-features-of-common-oral-ulcerative-lesions-an-updated-decision-tree
#17
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Yaser Safi, Maryam Baharvand, Somayeh Rahmani
Diagnosis of oral ulcerative lesions might be quite challenging. This narrative review article aims to introduce an updated decision tree for diagnosing oral ulcerative lesions on the basis of their diagnostic features. Various general search engines and specialized databases including PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline Plus, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, Embase, and authenticated textbooks were used to find relevant topics by means of MeSH keywords such as "oral ulcer," "stomatitis," and "mouth diseases." Thereafter, English-language articles published since 1983 to 2015 in both medical and dental journals including reviews, meta-analyses, original papers, and case reports were appraised...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767435/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dental-disease-in-guinea-pigs
#18
Alison P Wills, V Tamara Montrose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759503/peri-implant-mucositis-and-peri-implantitis-current-understanding-of-their-diagnosis-clinical-implications-and-a-report-of-treatment-using-a-combined-therapy-approach
#19
Pier Paolo Poli, Marco CicciÃ, Mario Beretta, Carlo Maiorana
The clinical condition involving dental implants, characterized by soft tissue inflammation, bleeding, suppuration and rapid bone loss is widely known as peri implantitis. The main objective in the treatment of peri-implantis is to arrest the progression of the disease and at the same time to keep the dental implant in the mouth solving the inflammations signs of bleeding and pain. The aim of this paper is to highlight the effectiveness of the use of titanium brush and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) to decontaminate the implant surface, in association with regenerative procedures by means of autologous bone and demineralized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) in the treatment of peri-implantitis defects...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759417/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-3-ulcerative-colitis-and-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease
#20
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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