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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#1
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623553/-kaposi-s-disease-in-an-hiv-positive-child-with-probable-contamination-from-his-grandmother
#2
A Dicko, Y Fofana, A Traoré, S Berthé, S Touré, C Lamissa, B Guindo, A Keita, O Faye
Kaposi's disease in children with HIV is rarely reported in everyday practice. This is a case study of cutaneous Kaposi's disease revealing HIV in a 5-year-old child with polymorphic eruption of papules and nodules on the face, trunk, back, and limbs. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of Kaposi's disease. The child's HIV serology was positive with a CD4 count of 240/mm3, normochromic and normocytic anemia, and a hemoglobin level at 8.5 g/dl. It was found that the child, after early weaning from his HIV-negative mother, had repeatedly suckled his healthy grandmother, who had no skin lesions but was HIV1 positive...
June 16, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620630/etiology-diagnosis-and-management-of-oromandibular-dystonia-an-update-for-stomatologists
#3
REVIEW
Saeed Raoofi, Hooman Khorshidi, Maryam Najafi
Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a rare focal neurological disorder that affects mouth, face, and jaws. This comprehensive literature review aimed to summarize the current evidence for etiology, diagnosis, and management of OMD and assess the possibility of dental origin of the disease and dental treatment plans for these patients. Different online databases namely PubMed, Google scholar, and Scopus were searched. The keywords "oromandibular dystonia", "orofaciomandibular dystonia", "orofacial-buccal dystonia", "lingual dystonia", "jaw dystonia", "cranial dystonia", and "adult-onset facial dystonia" were searched in the title and abstract of publications from 1970 to 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600812/temporomandibular-disorders-and-dental-occlusion-a-systematic-review-of-association-studies-end-of-an-era
#4
REVIEW
Daniele Manfredini, Luca Lombardo, Giuseppe Siciliani
AIM: To answer a clinical research question: "is there any association between features of dental occlusion and temporomandibular disorders (TMD)?" METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed. Inclusion was based on: 1. the type of study, viz., clinical studies on adults assessing the association between TMD (e.g., signs, symptoms, specific diagnoses) and features of dental occlusion by means of single or multiple variable analysis, and 2. their internal validity, viz...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592923/omics-based-molecular-techniques-in-oral-pathology-centred-cancer-prospect-and-challenges-in-africa
#5
REVIEW
Henry A Adeola, Olujide O Soyele, Anthonio O Adefuye, Sikiru A Jimoh, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: The completion of the human genome project and the accomplished milestones in the human proteome project; as well as the progress made so far in computational bioinformatics and "big data" processing have contributed immensely to individualized/personalized medicine in the developed world. MAIN BODY: At the dawn of precision medicine, various omics-based therapies and bioengineering can now be applied accurately for the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and risk stratification of cancer in a manner that was hitherto not thought possible...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580880/fibromyalgia-in-patients-with-chronic-ccd-and-cmd-a-retrospective-study-of-555-patients
#6
Brigitte Losert-Bruggner, Manfred Hülse, Roland Hülse
OBJECTIVE: Craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD) and craniocervical dysfunction (CCD) are clearly defined musculoskeletal pain syndromes. Relationships with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) have not yet been investigated. The aim of the present study is to establish possible relationships between FMS and CMD/ CCD. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 555 patients with CCD and CMD were investigated with respect to the diagnostic criteria of FMS. In addition to otolaryngologic and dental examination, an instrumental functional analysis for the diagnosis of CMD/CCD was performed...
June 5, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580490/estimation-of-expression-of-oral-fluid-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-pretumor-diseases-of-oral-mucosa
#7
E V Kochurova, V N Nikolenko
Complex clinical, dental, and morphological investigation, and ELISA of levels of MMP-2, 8, 9, and TIMP-1 and 2 in the saliva was performed during primary examination of patients with premalignant lesions of maxillofacial area and practically healthy volunteers. Levels of all study MMP in the saliva significantly differed (p≤0.05) in patients with premalignant lesions and the control. These patients were also characterized by a significant (0.1≤p≤0.05) changes in TIMP concentrations (toward pathological pattern) comparing to the control...
June 3, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580391/case-series-odontohypophosphatasia-or-missed-diagnosis-of-childhood-adult-onset-hypophosphatasia-call-for-a-long-term-follow-up-of-premature-loss-of-primary-teeth
#8
Mari Mori, Stephanie L DeArmey, Thomas J Weber, Priya S Kishnani
INTRODUCTION: Hypophosphatasia, a metabolic bone disease caused by a tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase deficiency, leads to undermineralization of bone and/or teeth, impaired vitamin B6 metabolism, and a spectrum of disease presentation. At the mild end of the spectrum, it presents as pathologic fractures in later adulthood. Patients with isolated dental manifestations, typically presenting as premature loss of primary teeth, are classified as having odontohypophosphatasia (odontoHPP)...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579141/diagnostic-potential-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-early-childhood-caries-a-case-control-study
#9
Vrinda Sharma, Nidhi Gupta, Nikhil Srivastava, Vivek Rana, Preetika Chandna, Savita Yadav, Alpana Sharma
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is most common chronic infectious disease of childhood. Diagnosis of dental caries has been limited to clinical, visual and radiographic methods but its inflammatory component remained unexplored. Hence, this study aims to evaluate salivary levels of inflammatory cytokines in children with ECC to assess their potential as non-invasive biomarkers. METHODS: 50 subjects were recruited (25 ECC patients and 25 healthy children)...
June 1, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#10
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566875/intermediate-type-of-juvenile-paget-s-disease-a-rare-case-in-indian-population
#11
S Ravi Raja Kumar, Bhavana S Bagalad, Ch Balakrishna Manohar, Puneeth H Kuberappa
Juvenile Paget's disease (JPD), a rare genetic skeletal disorder characterized by accelerated bone turnover with elevated levels of serum alkaline phosphatase, presents in early childhood. We report a female patient with typical features of JPD with dental finding who remained undiagnosed until 18 years of age. Scarcity of this disease in the Indian literature and need for timely diagnosis to avert progression of disease thus incited us to report this case.
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547134/clinical-radiographic-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-adult-hypophosphatasia
#12
T Schmidt, H Mussawy, T Rolvien, T Hawellek, J Hubert, W Rüther, M Amling, F Barvencik
In this study, we report on clinical, radiographic and biochemical characteristics of 38 patients with adult hypophosphatasia. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography showed alterations of bone microstructure in a subgroup of 14 patients. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate levels correlated with the occurrence of fractures and the number of symptoms. INTRODUCTION: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare disorder with a wide range of clinical manifestations. A reduced enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is the key marker of the disease, causing an accumulation of ALP substrates such as pyridoxal-5-phosphate (PLP)...
May 25, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537662/an-overview-of-challenges-to-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-future-prospects
#13
M Bagirova, A M Allahverdiyev, E S Abamor, H Aliyeva, G Unal, T D Tanalp
The eradication of H. pylori infection continues to be a challenge due to the evolution of drug-resistant bacteria, lack of a gold standard diagnostic method, and ineffectiveness of current vaccines. Additionally, there still is no consensus in the literature about the main source of gastric H. pylori infection. The bacterium has also been demonstrated to colonize in dental plaque and the oral cavity. We believe that to develop new approaches for successful eradication of the disease, factors such as the biology of the bacterium, reservoir differentiations, host-bacterium interactions and problems in diagnosis, treatment and vaccination must be comprehensively considered...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536691/periostin-and-discoidin-domain-receptor-1-new-biomarkers-or-targets-for-therapy-of-renal-disease
#14
REVIEW
Niki Prakoura, Christos Chatziantoniou
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be a life-threatening condition, which eventually requires renal replacement therapy through dialysis or transplantation. A lot of effort and resources have been invested the last years in the identification of novel markers of progression and targets for therapy, in order to achieve a more efficient prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of renal diseases. Using experimental models of renal disease, we identified and studied two promising candidates: periostin, a matricellular protein with high expression in bone and dental tissues, and discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1), a transmembrane collagen receptor of the tyrosine kinase family...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#15
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527838/pulp-inflammation-diagnosis-from-clinical-to-inflammatory-mediators-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Marjorie Zanini, Elisabeth Meyer, Stéphane Simon
INTRODUCTION: Similar to other tissues, the dental pulp mounts an inflammatory reaction as a way to eliminate pathogens and stimulate repair. Pulp inflammation is prerequisite for dentin pulp complex repair and regeneration; otherwise, chronic disease or pulp necrosis occurs. Evaluation of pulp inflammation severity is necessary to predict the clinical success of maintaining pulp vitality. Clinical limitations to evaluating in situ inflammatory status are well-described. A molecular approach that aids clinical distinction between reversible and irreversible pulpitis could improve the success rate of vital pulp therapy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503481/dental-management-of-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#17
Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Yoon Jung, Hoon-Sang Chang, Yun-Chan Hwang, Won-Mann Oh
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a hereditary metabolic disease caused by the loss of phosphate through the renal tubules into the urine, and an associated decrease in serum calcium and potassium phosphate. Its dental features include spontaneous dental abscesses that occur in the absence of trauma or dental caries. The aim of this case report was to describe the dental problems of XLH patients and to evaluate limitations in their treatment. A 14 year old male and a 38 year old female with XLH were referred to the Department of Conservative Dentistry for endodontic treatment...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497678/eosinophil-fungal-rhinosinusitis-caused-by-fusarium-infection-secondary-to-odontogenic-maxillary-sinus-disease-when-collaboration-between-otolaryngologist-and-allergologist-leads-to-the-correct-diagnosis-and-therapy
#18
P Gamba, C Lombardi
Rhinitis and sinusitis usually coexist and are concurrent in most individuals; thus, the correct terminology is now "rhinosinusitis". On the basis of numerous causative factors, often co-existing in the same patient, the diagnosis of rhinosinusitis is also made by a wide variety of practitioners (allergologists, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists, primary care physicians, paediatricians, and many others). Approximately 5-15% of the population suffers from chronic rhinosinusitis, and in 10-12% of them, it is of dental origin...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470356/oral-manifestations-of-lupus
#19
S Menzies, F O'Shea, S Galvin, B Wynne
INTRODUCTION: Mucosal involvement is commonly seen in patients with lupus; however, oral examination is often forgotten. Squamous cell carcinoma arising within oral lupoid plaques has been described, emphasizing the importance of identifying and treating oral lupus. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective single-centre study looking at oral findings in patients attending our multidisciplinary lupus clinic between January 2015 and April 2016. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients were included...
May 3, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#20
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
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