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Alcohol among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813174/depressive-symptoms-and-drinking-outcomes-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies-among-college-students
#1
Margo C Villarosa, Mary Anne Messer, Michael B Madson, Virgil Zeigler-Hill
BACKGROUND: College students with depressive symptoms tend to engage in more hazardous drinking and experience more alcohol-related consequences to cope with their symptoms. Given the perceived tension reducing effects of alcohol among these students, it is important to explore how protective factors, such as protective behavioral strategies, account for the relationships among depressive symptoms, drinking motives, and alcohol-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies on the associations that depressive symptoms have with typical weekly alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking, and alcohol-related negative consequences in a sample of college student drinkers...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805407/stressor-related-drinking-and-future-alcohol-problems-among-university-students
#2
Michael A Russell, David M Almeida, Jennifer L Maggs
Research using daily designs has shown that daily stressors (i.e., conflict, school/work demands) are associated with alcohol use, and that the strength of within-person links between stressors and alcohol use differs from person to person. However, to our knowledge no research has tested whether individual differences in stressor-related drinking-characterized by within-person associations between daily stressors and drinking-predict risk for future alcohol problems, a relationship suggested by theoretical models...
August 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#3
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792283/reasons-for-marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-young-adults-a-mixed-methods-scale-development-study
#4
Carla J Berg, Jackelyn Payne, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Betelihem Getachew, Gillian L Schauer, Regine Haardörfer
BACKGROUND: Marijuana-tobacco co-use has increased recently, particularly in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a mixed-methods study to: (1) examine reasons for co-use; and (2) develop a scale assessing reasons for co-use among participants in a longitudinal cohort study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from 7 Georgia colleges and universities. METHODS: Phone-based semi-structured interviews were conducted in Summer 2015 among 46 current (past 30-day, n = 26) or lifetime (n = 20) marijuana users...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777973/predicting-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-college-student-drinkers-as-a-function-of-event-level-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-use
#5
Tess M Kilwein, Alison Looby
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex without protection against pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections, sexual coercion, sex with unknown partners) are common among college students. To effectively decrease these behaviors, it is necessary to further understand factors associated with their occurrence. Drinking motives are a known predictor of both alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences, which may theoretically include risky sex. This study aimed to understand how drinking motivation interacts with alcohol use to predict risky sexual behaviors among college student drinkers...
July 25, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777684/concussion-history-hazardous-drinking-and-brac-levels-among-a-sample-of-bar-patrons-2015
#6
Ryan J Martin, Beth H Chaney, Joseph G L Lee
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and experiencing a concussion are positively correlated. Concussion history has not been examined previously in any alcohol field study (i.e., conducted in a natural setting). OBJECTIVE: To better understand the relationship between concussion history and alcohol consumption. METHODS: We conducted two anonymous field studies among a 2015 sample of bar patrons (N = 544; 62.5% males) in a college town to assess concussion history and two alcohol consumption measures: (1) breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels and (2) hazardous drinking scores (based on the AUDIT-C)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777675/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-e-cigarette-vape-use-and-co-occurring-health-risk-behaviors-among-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#7
H Isabella Lanza, Heather Teeter
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; i.e., e-cigarette/vape) use has grown exponentially in the past few years. College students present a particularly vulnerable group for ENDS use. The current study sought to expand the literature by examining the context in which college students use ENDS, co-occurring health risks beyond traditional tobacco use, and the role of ethnicity in ENDS use. METHODS: Health-risk behavior survey data was collected from 452 undergraduates attending a large, public urban university during the 2015-2016 academic year...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777673/high-risk-driving-behaviors-among-12th-grade-students-differences-between-alcohol-only-and-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-users
#8
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Conrad L Woolsey, Thomas E Sather
BACKGROUND: About 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has been associated with higher rates of risky driving among college students. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: (a) examine AmED-use in a sample of high school students and (b) to specifically investigate differences in risky driving behaviors between 12th grade students who engaged in AmED-use and those who consumed alcohol only. METHODS: Differences in risky driving behaviors were investigated by utilizing secondary data analyses of nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future Study (N = 1305)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772247/explicit-drinking-identity-and-alcohol-problems-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-to-cope
#9
Angelo M DiBello, Mary Beth Miller, Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Kristen P Lindgren
Drinking identity, or the tendency to view one's self as a drinker, is a unique predictor of alcohol use and related consequences among young adults; yet the mechanism by which it leads to alcohol problems is poorly understood. Based on self-presentation and self-verification perspectives, we examined drinking to cope as a mediator of the association between explicit drinking identity and alcohol-related problems among two samples of young adults. Study data come from two large, longitudinal studies. Participants from Sample 1 and Sample 2 included undergraduates (55% and 59% female, respectively) who reported drinking in the previous three months...
July 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755560/implicit-and-explicit-drinking-identity-predict-latent-classes-that-differ-on-the-basis-of-college-students-drinking-behaviors
#10
Jason J Ramirez, Anne M Fairlie, Cecilia C Olin, Kristen P Lindgren
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify distinct classes of college students on the basis of recent and past drinking behaviors and evaluate how implicit and explicit measures of drinking identity predict membership in these classes. METHODS: US undergraduate students (N=456) completed online implicit (Implicit Association Test) and explicit (self-report) measures of drinking identity and assessments of drinking behaviors, including past month drinking, at-risk drinking in the past year, and lifetime history of intoxication...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749704/self-medication-for-sleep-in-college-students-concurrent-and-prospective-associations-with-sleep-and-alcohol-behavior
#11
Patricia A Goodhines, Les A Gellis, Jueun Kim, Lisa M Fucito, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: College students are at an increased risk for poor sleep and associated sleep problems. Emerging evidence suggests that a substantial subset of college students self-medicate with alcohol, marijuana, and/or over-the-counter medications to help sleep. The current study identified demographic, psychosocial, and sleep- and alcohol-related correlates of self-medication for sleep, and assessed its concurrent and prospective associations with insomnia symptoms, alcohol drinking and negative drinking consequences...
July 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745013/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-ii-new-directions-grounded-in-community-based-system-dynamics-modeling
#12
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Given the complexity of factors contributing to alcohol misuse, appropriate epistemologies and methodologies are needed to understand and intervene meaningfully. We aimed to (1) provide an overview of computational modeling methodologies, with an emphasis on system dynamics modeling; (2) explain how community-based system dynamics modeling can forge new directions in alcohol prevention research; and (3) present a primer on how to build alcohol misuse simulation models using system dynamics modeling, with an emphasis on stakeholder involvement, data sources, and model validation...
July 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742979/adult-attachment-and-drinking-context-as-predictors-of-alcohol-problems-and-relationship-satisfaction-in-college-students
#13
Elise C Hocking, Raluca M Simons, Jeffrey S Simons, Harry Freeman
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that for young adults, intimate partners influence each other's drinking patterns. Therefore, exploration of variables related to intimate partner relationships (such as attachment style) could broaden the current understanding of risk factors for alcohol problems in this demographic. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of drinking context in the relationships among insecure attachment, alcohol problems, and relationship satisfaction...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#14
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734094/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-i-introducing-a-complex-systems-paradigm
#15
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The drinking environment is a complex system consisting of a number of heterogeneous, evolving, and interacting components, which exhibit circular causality and emergent properties. These characteristics reduce the efficacy of commonly used research approaches, which typically do not account for the underlying dynamic complexity of alcohol consumption and the interdependent nature of diverse factors influencing misuse over time. We use alcohol misuse among college students in the United States as an example for framing our argument for a complex systems paradigm...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728639/efficacy-of-the-college-drinkers-check-up-for-student-drinkers-living-off-campus
#16
Kate B Carey, Sara G Balestrieri, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz
OBJECTIVE: Students living in off-campus housing consume more alcohol and experience more alcohol-related consequences than those living on campus, yet prevention efforts have not targeted this high-risk group specifically. The present study evaluated the efficacy of a brief, computer-delivered, alcohol intervention (the College Drinkers Check-Up [CDCU]) in reducing alcohol use and related consequences in a sample of college students living off campus. METHOD: Students who lived off campus and reported at least one heavy drinking episode (4+/5+ drinks for females/males in one occasion) in the past 30 days completed the CDCU or assessment only during the first month of the school year (n = 326; 61% female)...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726520/rural-and-urban-substance-use-differences-effects-of-the-transition-to-college
#17
Karen J Derefinko, Zoran Bursac, Michael G Mejia, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
BACKGROUND: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college. METHODS: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708021/an-examination-of-the-impact-of-maladaptive-coping-on-the-association-between-stressor-type-and-alcohol-use-in-college
#18
Isha W Metzger, Claire Blevins, Casey D Calhoun, Tiarney D Ritchwood, Amanda K Gilmore, Regan Stewart, Kaitlin E Bountress
OBJECTIVE: Examine the impact of maladaptive coping style on the association between source of stress (academic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, environmental) and alcohol use (consumption, heavy episodic drinking, driving under the influence) among college students. PARTICIPANTS: 1,027 college students completed a survey online in April 2014. METHODS: To test the mediating effects of maladaptive coping on the association between academic stress and alcohol use variables, indirect effects were examined using the PROCESS analytical framework for SPSS...
July 14, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708010/the-cost-of-minority-stress-risky-alcohol-use-and-coping-motivated-drinking-behavior-in-african-american-college-students
#19
Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks, Paramjit Kaur, Ezemenari M Obasi
A motivational drinking framework is utilized to understand the relationship between minority stressors (e.g., race-related stress and acculturative stress) and alcohol use behaviors (risky alcohol use and coping-motivated drinking) among a large sample of Black American college students. Six hundred forty-nine Black college students from 8 colleges and universities in the United States were recruited as part of a large, multiwave, cross-sectional study investigating the stress and coping experiences of Black emerging adults...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705030/college-students-responses-to-emotional-anti-alcohol-abuse-media-messages-should-we-scare-or-amuse-them
#20
Moon J Lee
This study examined college students' responses to emotional anti-alcohol abuse media messages (i.e., fear vs. humor appeal) aimed at discouraging heavy/binge drinking. An experiment was conducted with 94 college students. As expected, college students generally expressed higher levels of interest in anti-alcohol abuse media messages when watching fear appeal than those watching humor appeal. However, college binge drinkers who watched the fear appeal reported lower levels of readiness to change their drinking behavior than those who watched the humor appeal...
July 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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