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Alcohol among college students

Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak
OVERVIEW: Though not an official diagnosis, psychopathy has become an important area of research due to the litany of deleterious outcomes associated with this aspect of temperament. Psychopathy is composed of primary and secondary traits. Research consistently links psychopathy to alcohol pathology, though often only via secondary traits which are comprised of intractable aspects of behavior (e.g., poor impulse control). In contrast, primary psychopathy is comprised of behaviors that can be learned and thus may be more malleable (i...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Megan E Patrick, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, John E Schulenberg, Bethany C Bray
OBJECTIVE: Using a national sample of young adults, this study identified latent classes of alcohol use including high-intensity drinking (10+ drinks) from ages 18 to 25/26, and explored associations between time-invariant covariates measured at age 18 and class membership. METHOD: Longitudinal data from the national Monitoring the Future study were available for 1078 individuals (51% female) first surveyed as 12th grade students in 2005-2008, and followed through modal age 25/26...
June 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Quri Daniels-Witt, Amy Thompson, Tavis Glassman, Sara Federman, Katie Bott
Opiate abuse in the United States (U.S.) is on the rise among the college student population. This public health crisis requires immediate action from professionals and stakeholders whom are committed to addressing the needs of prospective, current, and recovering opiate users using comprehensive prevention methods. Such approaches have been used to deliver primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention to alcohol and other drug users but are underutilized in the case of opiate abuse among college students in the U...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Lipsa Bhuyan, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash C Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Shyam S Behura
AIM: This study aimed to assess oral hygiene-related knowledge and practices among engineering students of Bhubaneswar city and also to evaluate the concepts about the side effects of tobacco usage among those students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered, close-ended questionnaire to assess the oral hygiene knowledge and practices and study the concepts on tobacco usage among 362 engineering students of Bhubaneswar city, Odisha, India...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
David C R Kerr, Harold Bae, Sandi Phibbs, Adam C Kern
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recreational marijuana legalization (RML) went into effect in Oregon in July 2015. RML is expected to influence marijuana use by adolescents and young adults in particular, and by those with a propensity for substance use. We sought to quantify changes in rates of marijuana use among college students in Oregon from pre- to post-RML relative to college students in other states across the same time period. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional survey data from the 2012-2016 administrations of the Healthy Minds Study...
June 14, 2017: Addiction
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests early initiation of alcohol use is associated with academic underachievement; however, substance use onset is an ambiguous concept, resulting in mixed findings across studies. Moreover, the quantity of early use is likely an important determinant. Binge drinking is a common pattern among younger cohorts, and is shown to magnify the risk of related problems. OBJECTIVES: The current study explored how students who initiated binge drinking early (grade 10 or earlier) or later in high school (grade 11 or 12) differed in relation to a variety of academic indices...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Christine A P Walther, Sarah L Pedersen, JeeWon Cheong, Brooke S G Molina
Background Perceptions of peer drinking and alcohol expectancies have been consistently associated with alcohol use among college students. There is evidence that perceived peer drinking also shapes alcohol expectancies. Research has yet to address the potential differential impact of perceived drinking by close friends versus by typical college students on alcohol use among first-semester college students. Relatedly, mediation of these associations by specific domains of alcohol expectancies has yet to be examined...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Hanna L Berman, Margaret P Martinetti
Behavioral economic principles have been useful for addressing strategies to reduce alcohol consumption among college students. For example, academic variables (such as class schedule or academic rigor) have been found to affect alcohol demand assessed with a hypothetical alcohol purchase task (APT). The present studies used the APT to address the effects of 2 academic variables: next-day course level (no class, introductory level or upper level) and class size (no class, 30-student or 12-student). In each of 2 experiments, undergraduate participants read a description of a drinking context (either a no-class control version or 1 of the academic constraint conditions) and were asked to indicate how many drinks they would purchase at a variety of prices...
June 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Emily R Jeffries, Austin W Lemke, Sonia M Shah, Kimberlye E Dean, Ashley A Richter, Julia D Buckner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Addictive behaviors among college students are a significant public health concern. This manuscript reviews the past two years of literature on prevention and treatment approaches for college students who engage in addictive behaviors. RECENT FINDINGS: In-person skills-based interventions and motivational interventions that incorporate personalized feedback are effective in the short-term but little support was found for long-term effects. Although web-based interventions reduced certain addictive behaviors (e...
December 2016: Current Addiction Reports
Emery R Eaves, Timothy K Behrens, Mary K Dinger, Lisa Hines, Danielle R Brittain, Vanessa J Harbour
OBJECTIVES: This analysis of a large-scale survey of college students from 2003 to 2007 explores relationships between meeting vigorous physical activity (VPA) recommendations and key demographic, lifestyle, and personal characteristics. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to analyze VPA data from the Utah Higher Education Health Behavior Survey, a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted in 2003 (N = 4574), 2005 (N = 9673) and 2007 (N = 7938)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
Zedini Chekib, Nawel Zammit, Limam Manel, Mellouli Menel, Meriam Elghardallou, Sahli Jihen, Mtiraoui Ali, Ajmi Thouraya
Background Illicit substance use among college students represents one of the most complicated social problems. Studying its predictors could help deal with this problem more efficiently. Aims To determine the prevalence of life time illicit substance use and its predictors among Tunisian college students. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in five colleges in the region of Sousse, Tunisia in the 2012-2013 school year. A sample of 556 college students responded to an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Kristen M Kraemer, Emily M O'Bryan, Adrienne L Johnson, Alison C McLeish
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between the specific mindfulness skills of observing, describing, awareness, nonjudgment, and nonreactivity in terms of anxiety sensitivity (AS), distress tolerance (DT), and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) among college students with problematic alcohol use. METHODS: Participants were 202 (69.3% male, Mage = 18.96, SD = 2.24, Range = 18-45 years) undergraduate college students with problematic alcohol use who completed self-report measures for course credit...
June 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
Ana M Abrantes, Matthew D Scalco, Sara O'Donnell, Haruka Minami, Jennifer P Read
Prior work has suggested a paradoxical positive relationship between the risk behavior alcohol use and the health behavior exercise, particularly in young adults. Though seldom tested, different theoretical perspectives exist on the mechanisms that may explain the positive relationship. The aims of this study were to test theorized mechanisms of association, including common causes shared by both behaviors (e.g., personality, motives, affective), compensatory processes such as exercising to compensate for calories from alcohol consumption, and methodological confounds (e...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
David R Black, Daniel C Coster, Samantha R Paige
This study aimed to provide physiologic health risk parameters by gender and age among college students enrolled in a U.S. Midwestern University to promote chronic disease prevention and ameliorate health. A total of 2615 college students between 18 and 25 years old were recruited annually using a series of cross-sectional designs during the spring semester over an 8-year period. Physiologic parameters measured included body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (%BF), blood serum cholesterol (BSC), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Mary L Serowoky, Andrea N Kwasky
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the prevalence of alcohol, drug, and nonmedical prescription drugs at a small private university. In addition, risk and protective factors are examined. METHOD: The Core Institute (Southern Illinois University) was contracted to administer an anonymous, Web-based 49-item survey to matriculated undergraduate students, aged 18-23 years. Data were obtained on student behaviors, perceptions, consequences of substance use, risk factors, and coping strategies...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Dipali Venkataraman Rinker, Heather Krieger, Clayton Neighbors
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To provide an overview of studies within the past five years examining the impact of social network factors on addictive behaviors among college students, to discuss gaps, limitations, and controversies in the field, and to summarize with a discussion of future directions and implications for interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of 13 studies indicated that greater network exposure, centrality, reciprocated ties, and more tightly interconnected networks were associated with greater alcohol use and other addictive behaviors among college students...
December 2016: Current Addiction Reports
Raluca M Simons, Austin M Hahn, Jeffrey S Simons, Hanako Murase
This study examined the relationships between emotion dysregulation, peer drinking norms, drinking motives, and alcohol-related outcomes among 435 college students. We examined the mediating roles of drinking motives when predicting alcohol consumption and related problems from the subscales of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS; Gratz and Roemer, 2004) via negative and positive reinforcement models. First, we hypothesized that individuals who lack in emotion regulation strategies or have difficulties in accepting negative emotions are more likely to drink to cope...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Madeline B Benz, Angelo M DiBello, Sara G Balestrieri, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Ashley D Lowery, Nadine R Mastroleo, Kate B Carey
BACKGROUND: College student alcohol use is a public health problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine associations between residence and drinking behaviors among college students. We hypothesized that living off-campus independently or with peers would be associated with riskier drinking than living on-campus, and living with parents would be associated with less risky drinking than living on-campus. METHODS: We analyzed data from two separate studies conducted at two four-year universities in the Northeast...
May 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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