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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#1
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706469/what-drives-intentional-overdose-with-non-prescription-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
K A Al Kubaisi, M D SteCroix, D Vinson, M N Hassan, M R Baig, S L Sharif, A R Abduelkarem
BACKGROUND: Use of overdosage of Non-Prescription Drugs (NPD) among university students is a serious public health issue. However, there are no extensive studies that measured the prevalence of taking more than the recommended dose of NPD and/or identified the risk associated with this behavior among university students. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence and associated risks of self-overdosage with NPDs in university students in United Arab Emirates (UAE)...
April 26, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696597/hookah-use-among-college-students-recent-use-knowledge-of-health-risks-attitude-and-reasons-for-use
#3
Bradley Fevrier, Laura Nabors, Rebecca A Vidourek, Keith A King
Notwithstanding the efforts of health educators and other health professionals regarding tobacco and smoking cessation, research indicates that hookah smoking among college students remains a health concern. Research shows an upward trend in college students' hookah use. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe potential patterns/differences in college students' hookah use, and the relations among attitudes toward and knowledge about hookah use and use of this drug. A four-page, 20-item survey was used to collect data from participants (N = 403) and to measure participants 'recent use, knowledge of health risks, attitudes and reasons for hookah use among college students...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668345/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-party-drug-use-and-associated-problems-among-university-students-in-the-netherlands
#4
Laura E Kunst, Winifred A Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions. OBJECTIVES: In addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression)...
April 18, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652638/efficacy-of-interventions-targeting-alcohol-drug-and-smoking-behaviors-in-university-and-college-students-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Sarah A Costigan, Sarah G Kennedy, Sara Robards, John Germov, Cam Wild
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions targeting alcohol consumption, drug use and smoking for college/university students. PARTICIPANTS: College/University students Methods: Studies were eligible if: (1)included students attending universities/colleges; (2)implemented in a university/college setting; (3)aimed to improve at least one of the following behaviors: alcohol and/or drug use and/or smoking; (4)were RCTs. The effect of the interventions on behaviors was determined by the percentage of studies that reported an effect...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625262/difficulties-regulating-positive-emotions-and-alcohol-and-drug-misuse-a-path-analysis
#6
Nicole H Weiss, Shannon R Forkus, Ateka A Contractor, Melissa R Schick
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and drugs are widely used among college students. Emotion dysregulation has been identified as a key mechanism in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of alcohol and drug misuse. Yet, research in this area has been limited by its narrow focus on dysregulation stemming from negative emotions. The goal of the current study was to extend past research by examining the relation of difficulties regulating positive emotions to alcohol and drug misuse. METHODS: Participants were 311 college students (Mage  = 19...
March 27, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603053/policy-implications-and-research-recommendations-a-review-of-hookah-use-among-us-college-students
#7
REVIEW
Bradley Fevrier, Rebecca A Vidourek, Pauline Privitera
The rate of Hookah use among college students during the last decade is about 30%. Although college students perceive hookah use as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes, hookah use increases the risk of disease and nicotine dependence, and therefore remains an area of concern. Presently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has little regulation for the manufacture, distribution, or sale of hookah. This review attempts to assess empirical literature relating to hookah use while focusing on the consequences for regulatory policy...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596728/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-substance-use-and-emerging-adult-development-using-the-idea-scale
#8
REVIEW
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Daniel A Briley, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much debate exists surrounding Arnett's theory of emerging adulthood in terms of its breadth and application. Researchers have attempted to capture dimensions of emerging adulthood (eg, experimentation, negativity/instability, other-focus, self-focus, and feeling in-between) through self report assessment, using variations of the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood or IDEA. Results from studies investigating this relationship have been mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis on the association between substance use and the IDEA...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570970/sources-of-prescription-medication-misuse-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-educational-status
#9
Sean Esteban McCabe, Christian J Teter, Carol J Boyd, Timothy E Wilens, Ty S Schepis
OBJECTIVE: This study examined prescription drug misuse (PDM), sources of PDM, and substance use disorder (SUD) symptoms as a function of educational status among US young adults based on a large nationally representative sample. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health came from a sample of 106,845 young adults aged 18-25 years. Respondents were categorized by educational status and PDM, sources of PDM, other substance use, and SUD symptoms, with analyses performed separately for prescription opioids, stimulants, and sedatives/tranquilizers...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569336/nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-users-experience-subjective-but-not-objective-impairments-in-attention-and-impulsivity
#10
Alison Looby, Sarah Sant'Ana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical prescription stimulant use is frequently reported by college students to improve academic performance, yet it is unknown whether users truly experience cognitive impairments that may drive use. This research compared students with at least one report of nonmedical prescription stimulant use and nonusers on both self-report and objective measures of inattention and impulsivity. METHODS: Two studies examined inattention (N = 155) and impulsivity (N = 115) among college students...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541432/risk-factors-for-addiction-potential-among-college-students
#11
Mehdi Ranjbaran, Faeze Mohammadshahi, Sorour Mani, Mahmood Karimy
Background: Tendency toward addiction is provided before drug use begins. The present study aimed to identify the risk factors for addiction potential in the students of Arak University of Medical Sciences. Methods: We conducted this cross-sectional study among 305 students from Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2016. We selected the students by stratified random sampling and collected the data by family and sociodemographic factors questionnaires and Addiction Potential Scale...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522933/low-rates-of-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-strong-cultural-ties-for-native-american-college-students-in-the-southwest
#12
Brenna L Greenfield, Kamilla L Venner, J Scott Tonigan, Monika Honeyestewa, Homer Hubbell, Dorothea Bluehorse
INTRODUCTION: College attendance is associated with an increased risk for substance use yet we know little about substance use among Native American college students and its regional variation. This study examined alcohol, tobacco, and drug use and their relation to gender, institution, age, and cultural involvement among Native American college students in the Southwest. METHODS: Native American community college and university students in a large Southwest city (N = 347) completed an online survey about past-month and lifetime substance use and involvement in cultural activities...
July 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475423/poor-parenting-attachment-style-and-dating-violence-perpetration-among-college-students
#13
Brian Ermon Tussey, Kimberly A Tyler, Leslie Gordon Simons
Although dating violence is prevalent among college students, little is known about how both attachment style and participation in risky behaviors contribute to this pattern of violence. To address this literature gap, we examine the role of poor parenting, child abuse, attachment style, and risky sexual and drug use behaviors on dating violence perpetration among 1,432 college students (51% female). Path analysis results revealed that females were more likely to report greater attachment anxiety but lower attachment avoidance compared with males...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456376/academic-stress-and-prevalence-of-stress-related-self-medication-among-undergraduate-female-students-of-health-and-non-health-cluster-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-saudi-arabia
#14
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-internet-addiction-among-college-students-in-sousse-tunisia
#15
Menel Mellouli, Nawel Zammit, Manel Limam, Meriam Elghardallou, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433466/problem-drinking-among-flemish-students-beverage-type-early-drinking-onset-and-negative-personal-social-consequences
#16
Sara De Bruyn, Edwin Wouters, Koen Ponnet, Joris Van Damme, Lea Maes, Guido Van Hal
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol is socially accepted in most Western societies, studies are clear about its associated negative consequences, especially among university and college students. Studies on the relationship between alcohol-related consequences and both beverage type and drinking onset, however, are scarce, especially in a European context. The aim of this research was, therefore, twofold: (1) What is the relationship between beverage type and the negative consequences experienced by students? and (2) Are these consequences determined by early drinking onset? We will examine these questions within the context of a wide range of alcohol-related consequences...
February 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405851/effect-of-warning-placement-on-the-information-processing-of-college-students-reading-an-otc-drug-facts-panel
#17
Archita H Bhansali, Darshan S Sangani, Shivani K Mhatre, Sujit S Sansgiry
OBJECTIVE: To compare three over-the-counter (OTC) Drug Facts panel versions for information processing optimization among college students. PARTICIPANTS: University of Houston students (N = 210) participated in a cross-sectional survey from January to May 2010. METHODS: A current FDA label was compared to two experimental labels developed using the theory of CHREST to test information processing by re-positioning the warning information within the Drug Facts panel...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387325/stimulant-use-in-medical-students-and-residents-requires-more-careful-attention
#18
Golnaz Fallah, Sussan Moudi, Angela Hamidia, Ali Bijani
Background: Stimulant pharmaceuticals are abused among academic students to elevate mood, improve studying, intellectual capacity, memory and concentration, and increase wakefulness. This study was designed to evaluate the current situation of stimulant use among medical students and residents of Babol University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 560 medical students and clinical residents of Babol University of Medical Sciences during the academic year 2014-2015...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349253/recreational-marijuana-legalization-and-college-student-use-early-evidence
#19
Austin M Miller, Robert Rosenman, Benjamin W Cowan
We analyze marijuana use by college undergraduates before and after legalization of recreational marijuana. Using survey data from the National College Health Assessment, we show that students at Washington State University experienced a significant increase in marijuana use after legalization. This increase is larger than would be predicted by national trends. The change is strongest among females, Black students, and Hispanic students. The increase for underage students is as much as for legal-age students...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334513/opioid-use-disorders-attributed-to-tramadol-among-egyptian-university-students
#20
Medhat M Bassiony, Mohamed Abdelghani, Ghada M Salah El-Deen, Mervat S Hassan, Hayam El-Gohari, Usama M Youssef
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use is an overwhelming problem in Egypt with tremendous medical and social consequences especially among youth. Use liability among Egyptian university students is underevaluated. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated correlates of tramadol use among students from Zagazig University, Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included a total of 1135 undergraduate students, from 10 colleges in Zagazig University. Participants were randomly selected and assessed for tramadol use using The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E)...
March 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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