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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349253/recreational-marijuana-legalization-and-college-student-use-early-evidence
#1
Austin M Miller, Robert Rosenman, Benjamin W Cowan
We analyze marijuana use by college undergraduates before and after legalization of recreational marijuana. Using survey data from the National College Health Assessment, we show that students at Washington State University experienced a significant increase in marijuana use after legalization. This increase is larger than would be predicted by national trends. The change is strongest among females, Black students, and Hispanic students. The increase for underage students is as much as for legal-age students...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334513/opioid-use-disorders-attributed-to-tramadol-among-egyptian-university-students
#2
Medhat M Bassiony, Mohamed Abdelghani, Ghada M Salah El-Deen, Mervat S Hassan, Hayam El-Gohari, Usama M Youssef
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use is an overwhelming problem in Egypt with tremendous medical and social consequences especially among youth. Use liability among Egyptian university students is underevaluated. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated correlates of tramadol use among students from Zagazig University, Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included a total of 1135 undergraduate students, from 10 colleges in Zagazig University. Participants were randomly selected and assessed for tramadol use using The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334004/examining-residence-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-health-risk-behaviors-among-college-students
#3
Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate college student residence as a unique risk factor for a range of negative health behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: We examined data from 63,555 students (66% female) from 157 campuses who completed the National College Health Assessment Survey in Spring 2011. METHODS: Participants answered questions about the frequency of recent use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs as well as sexual risk behavior in the last 30 days...
January 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330986/use-of-psychoactive-drugs-among-medical-undergraduates-in-abbottabad
#4
Haq Nawaz, Aftab Alam Khan, Saima Bukhari
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance abuse is prevalent among medical undergraduates of Pakistan, India & Western countries which can adversely affect the physical & psychological grooming of a medical undergraduate thus threatening to compromise their role as future physicians & health-care providers in the society. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to explore the prevalence and patterns of psychoactive substance/drug consumption among undergraduate students of a public sector medical college in Abbottabad...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#5
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303402/examining-the-relationship-between-religious-coping-and-the-misuse-of-prescription-stimulants-among-a-sample-of-undergraduate-students
#6
Andrew R Gallucci, Christine Hackman, Amanda Wilkerson
BACKGROUND: There is a well-established inverse relationship in undergraduate samples between a person's religious coping and substance abuse. Positive religious coping (PRC) has been associated with decreases in the use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Investigations examining prescription drug misuse and PRC found that higher levels of PRC were related to a reduction in the misuse of some prescription drugs. However, the literature has yet to identify an inverse relationship between PRC and the misuse of prescription stimulants (MPS) among undergraduates...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300350/exploring-the-knowledge-and-perception-of-generic-medicines-among-final-year-undergraduate-medical-pharmacy-and-nursing-students-in-sierra-leone-a-comparative-cross-sectional-approach
#7
Peter Bai James, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Emmanuel Kamanda Margao, Christian Hanson, John Alimamy Kabba, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Most low-income nations have national medicine policy that emphasized the use of generic medicines in the public health sector. However, the use of generics is often debatable as there are concerns over its efficacy, quality, and safety compared to their branded counterparts. This study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perception of generic medicines among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in Sierra Leone. We conducted a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among these students at the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences University of Sierra Leone...
January 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289852/trauma-exposure-and-heavy-drinking-and-drug-use-among-college-students-identifying-the-roles-of-negative-and-positive-affect-lability-in-a-daily-diary-study
#8
Nicole H Weiss, Krysten W Bold, Ateka A Contractor, Tami P Sullivan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen
Trauma exposure is linked to heavy drinking and drug use among college students. Extant research reveals positive associations between negative affect lability and both trauma exposure and alcohol use. This study aimed to extend past research by using daily diary methods to test whether (a) individuals with (versus without) trauma exposure experience greater negative and positive affect lability, (b) negative and positive affect lability are associated with heavy drinking and drug use, and (c) negative and positive affect lability mediate the relations between trauma exposure and heavy drinking and drug use...
December 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280290/sports-involvement-injury-history-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-college-students-an-analysis-with-a-national-sample
#9
Jason A Ford, Corey Pomykacz, Philip Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Carol J Boyd
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The United States is in the midst of a prescription drug epidemic, particularly related to opioids. To more effectively deal with the devastating outcomes associated with non-medical use of prescription opioids (NUPO), research is needed to identify populations at increased risk. The current research builds on a small number of studies that have shown that adolescents involved in competitive sports are more likely to report NUPO. Specifically, we examine the relationship between athlete status, injury history, and NUPO among college students...
January 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247881/college-students-perceived-benefit-to-risk-tradeoffs-for-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-stimulants-implications-for-intervention-designs
#10
Elissa M Ross, Amelia M Arria, Jessica P Brown, C Daniel Mullins, Jason Schiffman, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Susan dosReis
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the benefit-to-risk tradeoffs undergraduate students perceive when engaging in the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). This study examined the variation in college students' perceived risks and benefits for NPS. METHODS: An online survey was administered to 259 college students (ages 18-25) at six public universities who had engaged in NPS in the past year. A best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument assessed the relative importance of 12 perceived benefits and risks of NPS...
December 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233304/perspective-of-saudi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-on-pharmacovigilance-and-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-a-national-survey
#11
Nazmeyah Alkayyal, Ejaz Cheema, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Saudi undergraduate pharmacy students' knowledge, attitude, and readiness towards pharmacovigilance and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January 15, 2016 and February 18, 2016 using a structured, validated and pilot-tested questionnaire among senior (year 4, 5, and 6) undergraduate pharmacy students enrolled at a governmental or private university/college...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216206/the-psychometric-properties-of-a-shortened-dutch-version-of-the-consequences-scale-used-in-the-core-alcohol-and-drug-survey
#12
Sara De Bruyn, Edwin Wouters, Koen Ponnet, Joris Van Damme, Guido Van Hal
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug misuse among college students has been studied extensively and has been clearly identified as a public health problem. Within more general populations alcohol misuse remains one of the leading causes of disease, disability and death worldwide. Conducting research on alcohol misuse requires valid and reliable instruments to measure its consequences. One scale that is often used is the consequences scale in the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey (CADS). However, psychometric studies on the CADS are rare and the ones that do exist report varying results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198489/opiate-use-disorders-and-overdose-medical-students-experiences-satisfaction-with-learning-and-attitudes-toward-community-naloxone-provision
#13
H Tobin, J Klimas, T Barry, M Egan, G Bury
INTRODUCTION: Opiate use disorder is a common condition in healthcare services in Ireland, where over 200 opiate overdose deaths occur annually. There is limited addiction medicine education at undergraduate level and medical graduates may not be adequately prepared to diagnose and manage opioid use disorders and emergency drug overdose presentations. Therefore, we examined final-year medical students' learning experiences and attitudes toward opioid use disorder, overdose and community naloxone provision as an emerging overdose treatment...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151794/knowledge-and-practices-of-indian-dental-students-regarding-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-and-analgesics
#14
Astha Doshi, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Priyanjali Dutta, Tajinder Kumar Bansal, Ruchika Gupta
Background and aim: Making a diagnosis and prescribing medicine is the most important skill required by any doctor in the colleges, hospitals or clinical practice. Prescribing is the intervention that has the greatest influence on patients' health requiring complex series of sub-competencies like making a diagnosis, setting a therapeutic goal, choosing the approach, choosing the best drug, route and frequency of administration, duration of therapy, writing the prescription, patient information, monitoring drug effects and, lastly, review the prescription...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144147/pursued-for-their-prescription-exposure-to-compliance-gaining-strategies-predicts-stimulant-diversion-in-emerging-adults
#15
Laura J Holt, Paige N Marut, Ty S Schepis
Researchers have begun to identify predictors of who will divert their stimulant prescriptions, as most emerging adults (EAs) who use prescription stimulants nonmedically procure these drugs from a friend or acquaintance with a prescription. Far less research has examined how EAs with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are approached for these medications, and their affective and behavioral responses to these requests. We hypothesized that EAs with a stimulant prescription who reported greater exposure to compliance-gaining attempts from peers, particularly rational appeals for academic work, would be more likely to divert, as would EAs who reported lower resistance to peer influence...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140269/the-prevalence-of-dietary-supplement-use-among-college-students-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#16
Etsuko Kobayashi, Yoko Sato, Keizo Umegaki, Tsuyoshi Chiba
To clarify the prevalence of dietary supplement use among college students, we conducted Internet-based nationwide questionnaire surveys with 157,595 Japanese college students aged between 18 to 24 years old who were registrants of Macromill Inc. (Tokyo, Japan). Among the 9066 respondents (response rate 5.8%), 16.8% were currently using dietary supplements. The prevalence of dietary supplement use did not differ significantly between males (17.1%) and females (16.7%). However, it increased according to their grade (13...
November 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131654/association-between-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-sleep-quality-in-a-large-college-student-sample
#17
Yahya A Alamir, Keith J Zullig, Sijin Wen, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Ranjita Misra, Jianjun Zhang
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep and nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription drugs (NMUPD) are both common among college students. Since lack of sleep adversely influences academic performance, this study examined the association between NMUPD and subjective sleep quality among college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students who completed the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment data (Fall 2010, Spring 2011; N = 135,874). METHODS: Associations were examined between NMUPD in four classes over the past 12 months (Antidepressant, Painkillers, Sedatives, and Stimulants), and five aspects of sleep quality (Enough Sleep, Early Awakening, Daytime Sleepiness, Difficulty Falling Asleep, and Problem with Daytime Sleepiness) in the past seven days...
November 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#18
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117226/sexual-assault-incidents-among-college-undergraduates-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-risk
#19
Claude A Mellins, Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John S Santelli, Martie Thompson, Patrick A Wilson, Shamus Khan, Stephanie Benson, Karimata Bah, Kathy A Kaufman, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual assault on college campuses is a public health issue. However varying research methodologies (e.g., different sexual assault definitions, measures, assessment timeframes) and low response rates hamper efforts to define the scope of the problem. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110202/religiosity-as-a-substance-use-protective-factor-among-female-college-students
#20
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Orly Sarid, Adi Dagan, Orli Grinstein-Cohen, Vered Yeflach Wishkerman
Research exists about religiosity as a substance use protective factor. However, there is little attention of this issue regarding Israeli female college students. Undergraduate religious and secular students were studied. Religious students reported lower last month tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and non-medical prescription drug use. Secular females who smoked, missed class because of party habits and reported easy access to cannabis had a higher probability of binge drinking. This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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