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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932934/using-the-multiple-choice-procedure-to-measure-the-relative-reinforcing-efficacy-of-gambling-initial-validity-evidence-among-college-students
#1
Leon H Butler, Jessica G Irons, Drew T Bassett, Christopher J Correia
The multiple choice procedure (MCP) is used to assess the relative reinforcing value of concurrently available stimuli. The MCP was originally developed to assess the reinforcing value of drugs; the current within-subjects study employed the MCP to assess the reinforcing value of gambling behavior. Participants (N = 323) completed six versions of the MCP that presented hypothetical choices between money to be used while gambling ($10 or $25) versus escalating amounts of guaranteed money available immediately or after delays of either 1 week or 1 month...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931978/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-hot-packs-on-premenstrual-syndrome-in-females
#2
Jung-Hyun Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the effects of taping and hot packs on premenstrual syndrome, in an attempt to generate basic data for physical therapy intervention for premenstrual syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-two females in their 20s with premenstrual syndrome were randomly assigned to a taping group (n=10), hot pack group (n=11), and taping with hot pack group (n=11). Premenstrual syndrome was assessed using the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire in each participant prior to intervention and was re-assessed after applying kinesio taping and/or hot pack from 10 days before the estimated date of menstruation until the first day of menstruation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890707/elsa-2016-cohort-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-use-and-their-association-with-age-of-drug-use-onset-risk-perception-and-social-norms-in-argentinean-college-freshmen
#3
Angelina Pilatti, Jennifer P Read, Ricardo M Pautassi
The transition from high school to college is a high-risk stage for the initiation and escalation of substance use. Substance use and its associated risk factors have been thoroughly described in developed countries, such as the United States, but largely neglected in Argentina, a South American country with patterns of a collectivist culture. The present cross-sectional study describes the occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use and the association between these behaviors and the age of onset of substance use and cognitive (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889062/affective-dysregulation-predicts-incident-nonmedical-prescription-analgesic-use-among-college-students
#4
Christine K Morioka, Donna E Howard, Kimberly M Caldeira, Min Qi Wang, Amelia M Arria
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the relationship between four suspected risk factors-affective dysregulation, conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress-and incident nonmedical prescription analgesic (NPA) use among college students. METHODS: The sample was derived from 929 college students from a large, mid-Atlantic university who completed the third annual College Life Study assessment (Y3) and were NPA use naïve at baseline (Y1)...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889058/the-relationship-between-family-based-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-a-diverse-sample-of-college-students
#5
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Christopher J Rogers, Stephanie M Benjamin
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that college students are an especially vulnerable subset of the population for substance use and misuse. However, despite evidence of the high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among students and the link between family-based ACE and substance use among older adults, this relationship remains understudied in college populations. Moreover, whether ACE represents a shared risk across substance use behaviors and ethnic groups is unknown. METHODS: Data are student responses (n=2953) on the 2015 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) administered at one of the largest, most diverse public universities in California...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886395/individual-peer-and-family-factor-modification-of-neighborhood-level-effects-on-adolescent-alcohol-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#6
Regina A Shih, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Jeremy N V Miles, Lisa Kraus, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood factors reported subjectively by residents and measured objectively at the census tract are both associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco (cigarette and electronic cigarette), and other drug (marijuana) (ATOD) use. Less clear is how these neighborhood factors are longitudinally associated with each substance. Equivocal findings may be due to lack of consideration of individual, peer, and family effect modifiers, which could help adolescents overcome exposure to stressful neighborhood environments...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#7
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777673/high-risk-driving-behaviors-among-12th-grade-students-differences-between-alcohol-only-and-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-users
#8
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Conrad L Woolsey, Thomas E Sather
BACKGROUND: About 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has been associated with higher rates of risky driving among college students. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: (a) examine AmED-use in a sample of high school students and (b) to specifically investigate differences in risky driving behaviors between 12th grade students who engaged in AmED-use and those who consumed alcohol only. METHODS: Differences in risky driving behaviors were investigated by utilizing secondary data analyses of nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future Study (N = 1305)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759320/a-cross-comparative-survey-of-information-seeking-and-scanning-about-drug-related-sources-and-topics-among-u-s-and-israeli-college-students
#9
Ying Cheng, Jisoo Ahn, Nehama Lewis, Lourdes S Martinez
There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#10
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703616/the-protective-behavioral-strategies-for-marijuana-scale-further-examination-using-item-response-theory
#11
Eric R Pedersen, Wenjing Huang, Robert D Dvorak, Mark A Prince, Justin F Hummer
Given recent state legislation legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes and majority popular opinion favoring these laws, we developed the Protective Behavioral Strategies for Marijuana scale (PBSM) to identify strategies that may mitigate the harms related to marijuana use among those young people who choose to use the drug. In the current study, we expand on the initial exploratory study of the PBSM to further validate the measure with a large and geographically diverse sample (N = 2,117; 60% women, 30% non-White) of college students from 11 different universities across the United States...
August 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646810/synergistic-anti-breast-cancer-effects-of-combined-treatment-with-oleuropein-and-doxorubicin-in-vivo
#12
Maha H Elamin, Abdelsalam B Elmahi, Maha H Daghestani, Ebtesam M Al-Olayan, Reem A Al-Ajmi, Afrah F Alkhuriji, Sherifa S Hamed, Manal F Elkhadragy
Context • Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer fatalities among women worldwide. Of the more than 80% of patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy, approximately 40% relapse. The majority of these patients die of disseminated metastatic disease, which emphasizes the need for new therapeutic strategies Objective • The study intended to investigate the anticancer effects of oleuropein (OL) and doxorubicin (DOX) individually and in combination on breast tumor xenografts and also to evaluate the molecular pathways involved...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637382/rates-and-correlates-of-binge-drinking-among-college-students-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#13
Steven L West, Carolyn W Graham, Peter Temple
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the first comprehensive picture of alcohol use and binge drinking by US college students with disabilities (SWDs), who represent at least 11% (1.6 million) of the US college student population. METHODS: In fall 2013, we used a stratified random sampling technique to identify and recruit 2440 SWDs from 122 US colleges and universities. A total of 1285 (53%) SWDs from 61 (50%) colleges and universities completed a survey of alcohol and other drug use and the use of substances by student peers...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622135/the-case-for-implementing-the-levels-of-prevention-model-opiate-abuse-on-american-college-campuses
#14
Quri Daniels-Witt, Amy Thompson, Tavis Glassman, Sara Federman, Katie Bott
Opiate abuse in the United States is on the rise among the college student population. This public health crisis requires immediate action from professionals and stakeholders who are committed to addressing the needs of prospective, current, and recovering opiate users using comprehensive prevention methods. Such approaches have been used to deliver primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention to alcohol and other drug users but are underutilized in the case of opiate abuse among college students in the United States...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615761/prediction-of-risk-for-boys-involvement-in-drug-use-based-on-levels-of-self-evaluations-in-russia
#15
Svetlana N Islamova, Rafael Sh Islamov
BACKGROUND: Adolescents often experiment with drug use, which can impact on their health and well-being and increase the probability of problem drug use. Yet, not enough is known about which psychological indicators is related with the initiation of drug use among young adults and have predictive power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in this study were 311 boys (school and college students) aged 15-17. Data were collected in the towns of Moscow region. A modified version of Dembo-Rubinstein test was used to assess the self-evaluation (SE)...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#16
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599377/illicit-substance-use-among-tunisian-college-students-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#17
Zedini Chekib, Nawel Zammit, Limam Manel, Mellouli Menel, Meriam Elghardallou, Sahli Jihen, Mtiraoui Ali, Ajmi Thouraya
Background Illicit substance use among college students represents one of the most complicated social problems. Studying its predictors could help deal with this problem more efficiently. Aims To determine the prevalence of life time illicit substance use and its predictors among Tunisian college students. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in five colleges in the region of Sousse, Tunisia in the 2012-2013 school year. A sample of 556 college students responded to an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593125/physiological-health-parameters-among-college-students-to-promote-chronic-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#18
David R Black, Daniel C Coster, Samantha R Paige
This study aimed to provide physiologic health risk parameters by gender and age among college students enrolled in a U.S. Midwestern University to promote chronic disease prevention and ameliorate health. A total of 2615 college students between 18 and 25 years old were recruited annually using a series of cross-sectional designs during the spring semester over an 8-year period. Physiologic parameters measured included body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (%BF), blood serum cholesterol (BSC), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582352/health-behaviors-survey-an-examination-of-undergraduate-students-substance-use
#19
Mary L Serowoky, Andrea N Kwasky
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the prevalence of alcohol, drug, and nonmedical prescription drugs at a small private university. In addition, risk and protective factors are examined. METHOD: The Core Institute (Southern Illinois University) was contracted to administer an anonymous, Web-based 49-item survey to matriculated undergraduate students, aged 18-23 years. Data were obtained on student behaviors, perceptions, consequences of substance use, risk factors, and coping strategies...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489809/cannabis-induced-bullous-lung-disease-leading-to-pneumothorax-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Rashmi Mishra, Ravi Patel, Misbahuddin Khaja
RATIONALE: Marijuana use has been increasing in the United States among college students and young adults. Marijuana use has been associated with bullous lung disease which can lead to pneumothorax. There are other recreational drugs like methylphenidate, cocaine and heroin which have been associated with pneumothorax. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 30-year-old man with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with marijuana use. The patient had no medical conditions and presented to the emergency room with chest pain...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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