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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151794/knowledge-and-practices-of-indian-dental-students-regarding-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-and-analgesics
#1
Astha Doshi, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Priyanjali Dutta, Tajinder Kumar Bansal, Ruchika Gupta
Background and aim: Making a diagnosis and prescribing medicine is the most important skill required by any doctor in the colleges, hospitals or clinical practice. Prescribing is the intervention that has the greatest influence on patients' health requiring complex series of sub-competencies like making a diagnosis, setting a therapeutic goal, choosing the approach, choosing the best drug, route and frequency of administration, duration of therapy, writing the prescription, patient information, monitoring drug effects and, lastly, review the prescription...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144147/pursued-for-their-prescription-exposure-to-compliance-gaining-strategies-predicts-stimulant-diversion-in-emerging-adults
#2
Laura J Holt, Paige N Marut, Ty S Schepis
Researchers have begun to identify predictors of who will divert their stimulant prescriptions, as most emerging adults (EAs) who use prescription stimulants nonmedically procure these drugs from a friend or acquaintance with a prescription. Far less research has examined how EAs with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are approached for these medications, and their affective and behavioral responses to these requests. We hypothesized that EAs with a stimulant prescription who reported greater exposure to compliance-gaining attempts from peers, particularly rational appeals for academic work, would be more likely to divert, as would EAs who reported lower resistance to peer influence...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140269/the-prevalence-of-dietary-supplement-use-among-college-students-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#3
Etsuko Kobayashi, Yoko Sato, Keizo Umegaki, Tsuyoshi Chiba
To clarify the prevalence of dietary supplement use among college students, we conducted Internet-based nationwide questionnaire surveys with 157,595 Japanese college students aged between 18 to 24 years old who were registrants of Macromill Inc. (Tokyo, Japan). Among the 9066 respondents (response rate 5.8%), 16.8% were currently using dietary supplements. The prevalence of dietary supplement use did not differ significantly between males (17.1%) and females (16.7%). However, it increased according to their grade (13...
November 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131654/association-between-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-sleep-quality-in-a-large-college-student-sample
#4
Yahya A Alamir, Keith J Zullig, Sijin Wen, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Ranjita Misra, Jianjun Zhang
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep and nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription drugs (NMUPD) are both common among college students. Since lack of sleep adversely influences academic performance, this study examined the association between NMUPD and subjective sleep quality among college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students who completed the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment data (Fall 2010, Spring 2011; N = 135,874). METHODS: Associations were examined between NMUPD in four classes over the past 12 months (Antidepressant, Painkillers, Sedatives, and Stimulants), and five aspects of sleep quality (Enough Sleep, Early Awakening, Daytime Sleepiness, Difficulty Falling Asleep, and Problem with Daytime Sleepiness) in the past seven days...
November 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#5
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
November 10, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117226/sexual-assault-incidents-among-college-undergraduates-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-risk
#6
Claude A Mellins, Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John S Santelli, Martie Thompson, Patrick A Wilson, Shamus Khan, Stephanie Benson, Karimata Bah, Kathy A Kaufman, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual assault on college campuses is a public health issue. However varying research methodologies (e.g., different sexual assault definitions, measures, assessment timeframes) and low response rates hamper efforts to define the scope of the problem. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110202/religiosity-as-a-substance-use-protective-factor-among-female-college-students
#7
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Orly Sarid, Adi Dagan, Orli Grinstein-Cohen, Vered Yeflach Wishkerman
Research exists about religiosity as a substance use protective factor. However, there is little attention of this issue regarding Israeli female college students. Undergraduate religious and secular students were studied. Religious students reported lower last month tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and non-medical prescription drug use. Secular females who smoked, missed class because of party habits and reported easy access to cannabis had a higher probability of binge drinking. This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072119/prevalence-perceptions-and-consequences-of-substance-use-in-medical-students
#8
Erin E Ayala, Destiny Roseman, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
BACKGROUND: Research regarding the health and wellness of medical students has led to ongoing concerns regarding patterns of alcohol and drug use that take place during medical education. Such research, however, is typically limited to single-institution studies or has been conducted over 25 years ago. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was to assess the prevalence and consequences of medical student alcohol and drug use and students' perceptions of their medical school's substance-use policies...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065549/generally-recognized-as-safe-uncertainty-surrounding-e-cigarette-flavoring-safety
#9
Clara G Sears, Joy L Hart, Kandi L Walker, Rose Marie Robertson
Despite scientific uncertainty regarding the relative safety of inhaling e-cigarette aerosol and flavorings, some consumers regard the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS) designation as evidence of flavoring safety. In this study, we assessed how college students' perceptions of e-cigarette flavoring safety are related to understanding of the GRAS designation. During spring 2017, an online questionnaire was administered to college students. Chi-square p-values and multivariable logistic regression were employed to compare perceptions among participants considering e-cigarette flavorings as safe and those considering e-cigarette flavorings to be unsafe...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033463/an-examination-of-the-most-recent-episode-of-molly-use-among-college-students
#10
Amy L Stamates, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Brynn E Sheehan, Peter D Preonas, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined event-level characteristics (e.g., contextual factors, risk behaviors) during the most recent episode of Molly use among a sample of college students who reported previously using Molly. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 151; 66.7% female) were drinkers aged 18 to 25. Data were collected from October to November 2014, February to April 2015, and September to November 2015. METHOD: Participants completed measures regarding typical Molly use and items related to context and behaviors during their most recent episode of Molly use...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021012/the-role-of-entitlement-self-control-and-risk-behaviors-on-dating-violence-perpetration
#11
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray, Leslie Gordon Simons
Dating violence continues to be pervasive among college students (Stappenbeck & Fromme, 2010). Given the paucity ofresearch investigating the various pathways through which risk factors are linked to dating violence among different college campuses, we use multiple group path analysis to examine the role of child abuse, self-control, entitlement, and risky behaviors on dating violence perpetration among college students from one Southeastern and one Midwestern university. There were 1,482 college students (51% female) enrolled in undergraduate courses at 2 large public universities who completed paper and pencil surveys...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992747/predictors-and-moderators-of-quality-of-life-among-college-students-with-adhd
#12
Trevor D Pinho, Patricia H Manz, George J DuPaul, Arthur D Anastopoulos, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines (a) whether ADHD among college students is associated with differences in perceptions of quality of life (QoL); (b) the moderating roles of comorbidity, drug use, psychopharmacological treatment, and psychosocial treatment; and (c) the total impact of these variables on QoL. METHOD: Participants were college students with and without ADHD ( N = 372) in a longitudinal study. RESULTS: College students with ADHD were more likely to assert negative global QoL evaluations relative to non-ADHD peers...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970463/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-students-of-pharmacy-and-medicine-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-city-saudi-arabia
#13
Fatimah Ali Albusalih, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Pharmacy and medical students are expected to be more knowledgeable regarding rational use of medications as compared to the general public. A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of pharmacy and medicine colleges of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Saudi Arabia using a survey questionnaire. The duration of the study was six months. The aim was to report self-medication prevalence of prescription and non-prescription drugs among pharmacy and medical students. The prevalence of self-medication in the pharmacy college was reported at 19...
September 4, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950239/continuity-of-drunk-and-drugged-driving-behaviors-four-years-post-college
#14
Kimberly M Caldeira, Amelia M Arria, Hannah K Allen, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Driving under the influence of alcohol is a leading cause of injury and premature death among young adults, and college-educated individuals are at particularly high risk. Less is known about driving under the influence of other drugs, which is on the rise. METHOD: This study describes prospective seven-year trends in alcohol and other drug (AOD)-involved driving among a young-adult sample beginning with their second year of college (i.e., Years 2-8), and documents the extent of continuity in such behaviors across time...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932934/using-the-multiple-choice-procedure-to-measure-the-relative-reinforcing-efficacy-of-gambling-initial-validity-evidence-among-college-students
#15
Leon H Butler, Jessica G Irons, Drew T Bassett, Christopher J Correia
The multiple choice procedure (MCP) is used to assess the relative reinforcing value of concurrently available stimuli. The MCP was originally developed to assess the reinforcing value of drugs; the current within-subjects study employed the MCP to assess the reinforcing value of gambling behavior. Participants (N = 323) completed six versions of the MCP that presented hypothetical choices between money to be used while gambling ($10 or $25) versus escalating amounts of guaranteed money available immediately or after delays of either 1 week or 1 month...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931978/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-hot-packs-on-premenstrual-syndrome-in-females
#16
Jung-Hyun Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the effects of taping and hot packs on premenstrual syndrome, in an attempt to generate basic data for physical therapy intervention for premenstrual syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-two females in their 20s with premenstrual syndrome were randomly assigned to a taping group (n=10), hot pack group (n=11), and taping with hot pack group (n=11). Premenstrual syndrome was assessed using the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire in each participant prior to intervention and was re-assessed after applying kinesio taping and/or hot pack from 10 days before the estimated date of menstruation until the first day of menstruation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890707/elsa-2016-cohort-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-use-and-their-association-with-age-of-drug-use-onset-risk-perception-and-social-norms-in-argentinean-college-freshmen
#17
Angelina Pilatti, Jennifer P Read, Ricardo M Pautassi
The transition from high school to college is a high-risk stage for the initiation and escalation of substance use. Substance use and its associated risk factors have been thoroughly described in developed countries, such as the United States, but largely neglected in Argentina, a South American country with patterns of a collectivist culture. The present cross-sectional study describes the occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use and the association between these behaviors and the age of onset of substance use and cognitive (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889062/affective-dysregulation-predicts-incident-nonmedical-prescription-analgesic-use-among-college-students
#18
Christine K Morioka, Donna E Howard, Kimberly M Caldeira, Min Qi Wang, Amelia M Arria
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the relationship between four suspected risk factors-affective dysregulation, conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress-and incident nonmedical prescription analgesic (NPA) use among college students. METHODS: The sample was derived from 929 college students from a large, mid-Atlantic university who completed the third annual College Life Study assessment (Y3) and were NPA use naïve at baseline (Y1)...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889058/the-relationship-between-family-based-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-a-diverse-sample-of-college-students
#19
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Christopher J Rogers, Stephanie M Benjamin
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that college students are an especially vulnerable subset of the population for substance use and misuse. However, despite evidence of the high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among students and the link between family-based ACE and substance use among older adults, this relationship remains understudied in college populations. Moreover, whether ACE represents a shared risk across substance use behaviors and ethnic groups is unknown. METHODS: Data are student responses (n=2953) on the 2015 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) administered at one of the largest, most diverse public universities in California...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886395/individual-peer-and-family-factor-modification-of-neighborhood-level-effects-on-adolescent-alcohol-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#20
Regina A Shih, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Jeremy N V Miles, Lisa Kraus, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood factors reported subjectively by residents and measured objectively at the census tract are both associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco (cigarette and electronic cigarette), and other drug (marijuana) (ATOD) use. Less clear is how these neighborhood factors are longitudinally associated with each substance. Equivocal findings may be due to lack of consideration of individual, peer, and family effect modifiers, which could help adolescents overcome exposure to stressful neighborhood environments...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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