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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#1
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894029/college-student-marijuana-involvement-perceptions-use-and-consequences-across-11-college-campuses
#2
Matthew R Pearson, Bruce S Liese, Robert D Dvorak
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is currently the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and with the movement toward legalization of recreational marijuana, the country faces numerous issues regarding policy, prevention, and treatment of marijuana use. The present study examines the prevalence of marijuana use and consequences and compares users and non-users on a wide range of other marijuana-related constructs among college students across 11 universities. METHOD: Participants included 8141 college students recruited from the psychology department participant pools of 11 universities throughout the US, including four major regions of the US (West, South, Midwest, Northeast) and states with varying policies regarding the legality of marijuana use...
October 31, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818962/the-frequency-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-college-students-using-indirect-methods-network-scale-up-and-crosswise-model
#3
Yasan Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Since the direct questions usually underestimate the frequency of sensitive behaviors, indirect methods can be used to estimate the frequency of some risky behaviors such as illicit drug use, sexual behaviors especially where these behaviors are highly stigmatized. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we indirectly estimated the prevalence of some risky behaviors among college students using two indirect methods: network scale-up (NSU) and crosswise model (CM)...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816044/social-media-and-college-student-risk-behaviors-a-mini-review
#4
REVIEW
Gabrielle G Groth, Laura M Longo, Jessica L Martin
Use of social media use is widespread and frequent among college students. Posting photos and text related to risk behaviors (e.g., problematic alcohol use, illicit drug use) on social media websites is common and has been linked to personal substance use and negative outcomes. This mini-review summarizes current findings related to associations between college students' social media use and engagement in risk behaviors. Conducting research on social media poses unique challenges for researchers; these challenges are reviewed and their impact on the state of the current literature discussed...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774346/self-medication-practice-among-preclinical-university-students-in-a-medical-school-from-the-city-of-pokhara-nepal
#5
Indrajit Banerjee, Brijesh Sathian, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Annavarapu Amarendra, Bedanta Roy, Pugazhandhi Bakthavatchalam, Archana Saha, Indraneel Banerjee
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Nepal medicines can be acquired from the chemist's without of a prescription which sometime may have many drawbacks due to intake of excessive drugs without a proper diagnosis. The primary objective of the study was to find out the pattern of self-medication practice among the preclinical medical students at Manipal College of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried out using structured questionnaire at Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal between November 2012- July 2014...
June 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690507/prescription-stimulant-medication-misuse-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#6
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688869/tobacco-use-and-substance-abuse-in-students-of-karaj-universities
#7
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651631/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-emergency-contraceptives-among-college-students-in-south-india
#8
Nitin Joseph, Bhavishya Shetty, Fathima Hasreen, R Ishwarya, Mukesh Baniya, Sahil Sachdeva, Samarth Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In India every year, a large number of pregnancies are unplanned resulting in unsafe abortion. This has tremendous implications both on health and survival of women. Usage of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) could be a solution provided the usage is as per guidelines and social issues do not cause objections. AIM: This study was done to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding ECPs. METHODS: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from the university students...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#9
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613349/substance-use-among-college-students
#10
REVIEW
Chloe R Skidmore, Erin A Kaufman, Sheila E Crowell
Emerging adulthood has heightened risk for substance use. College students experience unique challenges, making them prone to use of alcohol, marijuana, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs. This article reviews rates of college students' substance use, risk factors, and populations at elevated risk. Consequences include legal, academic, and mental health problems; engagement in other risky behaviors; increased rates of injury; and death. Researchers, clinicians, and university administrators must identify those at greatest risk and provide prevention and intervention programs...
October 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610821/perceived-norms-and-alcohol-use-among-first-year-college-student-athletes-different-types-of-friends
#11
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567398/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-related-negative-sexual-events-prevalence-estimates-and-correlates-in-college-students
#12
Kathleen A Parks, Michael R Frone, Mark Muraven, Carol Boyd
The present study of college students investigated (a) the prevalence of nonmedical use of three classes of prescription drugs (stimulants, anxiolytics/sedatives, analgesics), (b) the prevalence of negative sexual events (NSE) associated with any nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), and (c) a set of correlates of NSE. The specific NSE were sexual aggression victimization and perpetration, and regretted sex. The correlates of the NSE were sex, race/ethnicity, year in school, psychological symptoms, alcohol use, illegal drug use, and NMUPD...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556920/patterns-of-multiple-health-risk-behaviours-in-university-students-and-their-association-with-mental-health-application-of-latent-class-analysis
#13
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547720/energy-drink-use-is-associated-with-alcohol-and-substance-use-in-eighth-tenth-and-twelfth-graders
#14
Kathryn Polak, Pamela Dillon, J Randy Koch, Willis G Miller, Leroy Thacker, Dace Svikis
The increasing prevalence of energy drink (ED) use and its link with negative behaviors and adverse health outcomes has garnered much attention. Use of EDs combined with alcohol among college students has been of particular interest. It is unclear if these relationships develop in the context of college, or if similar associations exist in younger individuals. The present study examined associations between ED consumption patterns and other substance use in an adolescent, school-based sample. Participants were N = 3743 students attending 8th, 10th or 12th grade in a suburban central Virginia public school system who completed a prevention needs assessment survey in 2012...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541987/non-medical-use-of-prescription-stimulants-a-comparison-of-college-students-and-their-same-age-peers-who-do-not-attend-college
#15
Jason A Ford, Corey Pomykacz
Data show that the prevalence of non-medical use of prescription stimulants is higher among college students than their same-age peers who do not attend college. Because of this, most of the research in this area focuses on data from samples of college students and on use motivated by academic demands. There is little research that examines whether attending college increases the odds of non-medical use of prescription stimulants while including important covariates in the analytical models. The current research addresses this gap in the literature using data from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health for respondents aged 18 to 25 years old...
September 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533106/acculturation-and-substance-use-in-a-mexican-american-college-student-sample
#16
Alfonso Mercado, Maria Ramirez, Rachita Sharma, Jason Popan, Maria Luisa Avalos Latorre
Although the association between acculturation and substance use among Latino groups is important, it is often understudied, especially within specific Latino groups living in geographically distinct communities, such as the Mexican American population in South Texas. The researchers of this study aimed to better understand the effect of acculturation on substance use and alcohol dependence in a Mexican American college student population. This survey study investigated the correlation between acculturation and substance use and dependence by using the Vancouver Index of Acculturation (VIA), items related to substance use (nicotine, marijuana, and cocaine) in a Mexican American college student sample (N = 1,494), and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD; N = 715)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522534/alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drinks-associations-with-risky-drinking-and-functioning-in-high-school
#17
Joan S Tucker, Wendy M Troxel, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Mixing alcohol with energy drinks is associated with heavier drinking and related problems among college students. However, little is known about how high school drinkers who mix alcohol with energy drinks (AmED) compare to those who do not (AwoED). This study compares high school AmED and AwoED users on their alcohol use during middle and high school, as well as key domains of functioning in high school. METHODS: Two surveys were conducted three years apart in adolescents initially recruited from 16 middle schools in Southern California...
October 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474703/dealing-with-requests-for-pharmacological-cognitive-enhancement-from-healthy-students
#18
Susmita Chandramouleeswaran, Natasha Catherine Edwin, Wesley Rajaleelan
The use of drugs to enhance cognitive function and academic performance is clearly a global phenomenon, with the reported prevalence of stimulant use among medical students ranging from 15-20%. A multi-institution study from the USA reported a 6.9% lifetime prevalence of non-prescription use of cognitive enhancers among college students. A comprehensive systematic review indicates a 16-29% use of non-prescribed stimulants among all students for reasons that include increasing concentration and alertness. While mental health professionals and guidance counsellors anecdotally recall requests for pharmacological cognitive enhancement from otherwise healthy students, the exact magnitude of this problem in the Indian context is not clear...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433064/self-medication-practice-and-factors-influencing-it-among-medical-and-paramedical-students-in-india-a-two-period-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ritesh Kumar, Aman Goyal, Biswa Mohan Padhy, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
AIM: Self-medication is widely practiced with varying dimensions in India. This practice has many implications, especially among medical and paramedical students having some knowledge and good exposure to drugs. We conducted a two-period observational study to evaluate the change in knowledge and practice of self-medication, over 5 years of time period, among medical and paramedical students from different parts of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered to medical (MBBS), dental (BDS), and paramedical students, who come to attend pan India annual cultural, literary, and sports event at New Delhi...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419027/energy-drink-consumption-and-substance-use-risk-in-middle-school-students
#20
Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Alfgeir L Kristjansson
OBJECTIVES: Energy drink (ED) sales have increased greatly in recent years and ED is now a common topic in health behavior research. Most studies work with samples of college students and/or young adults and to a lesser degree with high school students. Research is lacking on ED consumption in younger users. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap and assess the prevalence of ED consumption in a sample of middle school students as well to analyze the relationships between ED use and illicit and licit drug use in girls and boys of this age...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
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