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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#1
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182448/when-alcohol-is-only-part-of-the-problem-an-event-level-analysis-of-negative-consequences-related-to-alcohol-and-other-substance-use
#2
Kimberly A Mallett, Rob Turrisi, Brittney A Hultgren, Nichole Sell, Racheal Reavy, Michael Cleveland
While alcohol remains the drug of choice for most college students, national data show that 40% of college students also use other substances (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, etc.). Longitudinal studies indicate that students who report use of both alcohol and other substances experience more consequences (e.g., blackout, arrests). The current study expands upon this research by using a multilevel approach to examine average and event-level alcohol combined with other substance use (ALC+) and its role on consequences experienced...
February 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146047/similarities-and-differences-matter-considering-the-influence-of-gender-on-hiv-prevention-programs-for-young-adults-in-an-urban-hbcu
#3
Ian Lindong, Lorece Edwards, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disproportionately burdens African American youth and young adults. In studies conducted in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) settings, African American youth generally perceive themselves as having a low risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) despite having higher rates of unprotected sexual encounters, multiple sex partners, and particularly low rates of HIV testing and awareness of HIV status...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143432/developing-mobile-phone-text-messages-for-tobacco-risk-communication-among-college-students-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Alexander V Prokhorov, Tamara C Machado, Karen S Calabro, Elizabeth A Vanderwater, Damon J Vidrine, Keryn P Pasch, Salma K Marani, Meredith Buchberg, Aditya Wagh, Sophia C Russell, Katarzyna W Czerniak, Gabrielle C Botello, Mackenzie H Dobbins, Georges E Khalil, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: Engaging young adults for the purpose of communicating health risks associated with nicotine and tobacco use can be challenging since they comprise a population heavily targeted with appealing marketing by the evolving tobacco industry. The Food and Drug Administration seeks novel ways to effectively communicate risks to warn about using these products. This paper describes the first step in developing a text messaging program delivered by smartphones that manipulate three messaging characteristics (i...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135995/the-intersection-of-interpersonal-and-self-directed-violence-among-general-adult-college-student-and-sexually-diverse-samples
#5
Robert J Cramer, Sarah L Desmarais, Kiersten L Johnson, Tess M Gemberling, Matt R Nobles, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright, Richard Van Dorn
BACKGROUND: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. AIMS: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. METHODS: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n = 702), adult members of a sexuality special interest organization ( n = 816) and a community adult sample ( n = 657)...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109121/cannabis-use-and-dating-violence-among-college-students-a-call-for-research
#6
Ryan C Shorey, Ellen Haynes, Catherine Strauss, Jeff R Temple, Gregory L Stuart
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem on college campuses. Although there is a robust literature documenting that alcohol use is consistently associated with increased risk for perpetrating dating violence, little research has examined the role of cannabis in dating violence perpetration. With increasing legalisation of cannabis throughout the world, it is imperative to understand what role, if any, cannabis may play in the important public health problem of dating violence. In this commentary, we discuss the current state of the research on cannabis and dating violence and suggest avenues for additional research in this area...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#7
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090109/substance-use-attitudes-behaviors-education-and-prevention-in-colleges-of-pharmacy-in-the-united-states
#8
REVIEW
Samah F Al-Shatnawi, Matthew Perri, Henry N Young, Merrill Norton
This review describes and summarizes student pharmacists' substance use behavior in the United States. Current literature indicates that there are problems with alcohol and other drug use among student pharmacists. Although researchers have found variations in the type and rate of reported substance use, significant proportions of student pharmacists were identified as being at high risk for substance use disorders (SUDs). Findings from this review suggest that pharmacy schools should encourage and stimulate more research in order to implement effective screening and early intervention programs in an effort to address this important student health issue...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#9
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031603/blended-learning-for-reinforcing-dental-pharmacology-in-the-clinical-years-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Prashanti Eachempati, K S Kiran Kumar, K N Sumanth
OBJECTIVES: Blended learning has become the method of choice in educational institutions because of its systematic integration of traditional classroom teaching and online components. This study aims to analyze student's reflection regarding blended learning in dental pharmacology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College among 3(rd) and 4(th) year BDS students. A total of 145 dental students, who consented, participate in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010173/alcohol-impaired-driving-the-influence-of-adverse-rearing-environments-alcohol-cannabis-use-and-the-moderating-role-of-anxiety
#11
Assaf Oshri, Matthew W Carlson, Shiran Bord, Amos Zeichner
BACKGROUND: The rate of alcohol-impaired driving (AID) increases during the college years and students who have reported adverse rearing environments appear to be at increased risk for the development of alcohol and drug use behaviors. Alcohol and cannabis are the most commonly used drugs by college students, and these substances are particularly predictive of substance-impaired driving. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate whether adverse rearing environment experiences and level of alcohol and cannabis use are related to the frequency of alcohol-impaired driving and whether anxiety might buffer or accelerate this effect...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010163/motives-for-prescription-stimulant-misuse-in-a-college-sample-characteristics-of-users-perception-of-risk-and-consequences-of-use
#12
Claire E Blevins, Robert Stephens, Ana M Abrantes
BACKGROUND: Prescription stimulant misuse is increasingly prevalent in college populations, with some misuse estimates over 40%. Stimulant use is associated with a variety of health and psychological problems. Motives for use may provide insight into problematic trajectories. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate characteristics of users and motives for prescription stimulant misuse in a large southeastern university. METHOD: College students reported on prescription stimulant use, motives for use, consequences associated with use, perceptions of risk, and social norms...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941732/glycosylated-hemoglobin-in-different-levels-of-bmi
#13
R K Das, A Nessa, M Asrin, M Z Huq, M F Husain, S Sufrin, R Zannat, T Tajkia
Body mass index is an inexpensive and easy method of screening for weight categories that may lead to health problems. Increased BMI in overweight and obese persons is directly associated with an increase in metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. This Analytical cross sectional study was undertaken to assess the relation between increasing BMI and glycemic control of body through measuring glycosylated hemoglobin. This study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2012 on 180 equally divided male and female persons between the age of 25 to 55 years...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#14
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
January 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894029/college-student-marijuana-involvement-perceptions-use-and-consequences-across-11-college-campuses
#15
Matthew R Pearson, Bruce S Liese, Robert D Dvorak
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is currently the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and with the movement toward legalization of recreational marijuana, the country faces numerous issues regarding policy, prevention, and treatment of marijuana use. The present study examines the prevalence of marijuana use and consequences and compares users and non-users on a wide range of other marijuana-related constructs among college students across 11 universities. METHOD: Participants included 8141 college students recruited from the psychology department participant pools of 11 universities throughout the US, including four major regions of the US (West, South, Midwest, Northeast) and states with varying policies regarding the legality of marijuana use...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818962/the-frequency-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-college-students-using-indirect-methods-network-scale-up-and-crosswise-model
#16
Yasan Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Since the direct questions usually underestimate the frequency of sensitive behaviors, indirect methods can be used to estimate the frequency of some risky behaviors such as illicit drug use, sexual behaviors especially where these behaviors are highly stigmatized. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we indirectly estimated the prevalence of some risky behaviors among college students using two indirect methods: network scale-up (NSU) and crosswise model (CM)...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816044/social-media-and-college-student-risk-behaviors-a-mini-review
#17
REVIEW
Gabrielle G Groth, Laura M Longo, Jessica L Martin
Use of social media use is widespread and frequent among college students. Posting photos and text related to risk behaviors (e.g., problematic alcohol use, illicit drug use) on social media websites is common and has been linked to personal substance use and negative outcomes. This mini-review summarizes current findings related to associations between college students' social media use and engagement in risk behaviors. Conducting research on social media poses unique challenges for researchers; these challenges are reviewed and their impact on the state of the current literature discussed...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774346/self-medication-practice-among-preclinical-university-students-in-a-medical-school-from-the-city-of-pokhara-nepal
#18
Indrajit Banerjee, Brijesh Sathian, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Annavarapu Amarendra, Bedanta Roy, Pugazhandhi Bakthavatchalam, Archana Saha, Indraneel Banerjee
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Nepal medicines can be acquired from the chemist's without of a prescription which sometime may have many drawbacks due to intake of excessive drugs without a proper diagnosis. The primary objective of the study was to find out the pattern of self-medication practice among the preclinical medical students at Manipal College of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried out using structured questionnaire at Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal between November 2012- July 2014...
June 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690507/prescription-stimulant-medication-misuse-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#19
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688869/tobacco-use-and-substance-abuse-in-students-of-karaj-universities
#20
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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