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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#1
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031603/blended-learning-for-reinforcing-dental-pharmacology-in-the-clinical-years-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Prashanti Eachempati, K S Kiran Kumar, K N Sumanth
OBJECTIVES: Blended learning has become the method of choice in educational institutions because of its systematic integration of traditional classroom teaching and online components. This study aims to analyze student's reflection regarding blended learning in dental pharmacology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College among 3(rd) and 4(th) year BDS students. A total of 145 dental students, who consented, participate in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010173/alcohol-impaired-driving-the-influence-of-adverse-rearing-environments-alcohol-cannabis-use-and-the-moderating-role-of-anxiety
#3
Assaf Oshri, Matthew W Carlson, Shiran Bord, Amos Zeichner
BACKGROUND: The rate of alcohol-impaired driving (AID) increases during the college years and students who have reported adverse rearing environments appear to be at increased risk for the development of alcohol and drug use behaviors. Alcohol and cannabis are the most commonly used drugs by college students, and these substances are particularly predictive of substance-impaired driving. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate whether adverse rearing environment experiences and level of alcohol and cannabis use are related to the frequency of alcohol-impaired driving and whether anxiety might buffer or accelerate this effect...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010163/motives-for-prescription-stimulant-misuse-in-a-college-sample-characteristics-of-users-perception-of-risk-and-consequences-of-use
#4
Claire E Blevins, Robert Stephens, Ana M Abrantes
BACKGROUND: Prescription stimulant misuse is increasingly prevalent in college populations, with some misuse estimates over 40%. Stimulant use is associated with a variety of health and psychological problems. Motives for use may provide insight into problematic trajectories. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate characteristics of users and motives for prescription stimulant misuse in a large southeastern university. METHOD: College students reported on prescription stimulant use, motives for use, consequences associated with use, perceptions of risk, and social norms...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941732/glycosylated-hemoglobin-in-different-levels-of-bmi
#5
R K Das, A Nessa, M Asrin, M Z Huq, M F Husain, S Sufrin, R Zannat, T Tajkia
Body mass index is an inexpensive and easy method of screening for weight categories that may lead to health problems. Increased BMI in overweight and obese persons is directly associated with an increase in metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. This Analytical cross sectional study was undertaken to assess the relation between increasing BMI and glycemic control of body through measuring glycosylated hemoglobin. This study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2012 on 180 equally divided male and female persons between the age of 25 to 55 years...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#6
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894029/college-student-marijuana-involvement-perceptions-use-and-consequences-across-11-college-campuses
#7
Matthew R Pearson, Bruce S Liese, Robert D Dvorak
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is currently the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and with the movement toward legalization of recreational marijuana, the country faces numerous issues regarding policy, prevention, and treatment of marijuana use. The present study examines the prevalence of marijuana use and consequences and compares users and non-users on a wide range of other marijuana-related constructs among college students across 11 universities. METHOD: Participants included 8141 college students recruited from the psychology department participant pools of 11 universities throughout the US, including four major regions of the US (West, South, Midwest, Northeast) and states with varying policies regarding the legality of marijuana use...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818962/the-frequency-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-college-students-using-indirect-methods-network-scale-up-and-crosswise-model
#8
Yasan Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Since the direct questions usually underestimate the frequency of sensitive behaviors, indirect methods can be used to estimate the frequency of some risky behaviors such as illicit drug use, sexual behaviors especially where these behaviors are highly stigmatized. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we indirectly estimated the prevalence of some risky behaviors among college students using two indirect methods: network scale-up (NSU) and crosswise model (CM)...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816044/social-media-and-college-student-risk-behaviors-a-mini-review
#9
REVIEW
Gabrielle G Groth, Laura M Longo, Jessica L Martin
Use of social media use is widespread and frequent among college students. Posting photos and text related to risk behaviors (e.g., problematic alcohol use, illicit drug use) on social media websites is common and has been linked to personal substance use and negative outcomes. This mini-review summarizes current findings related to associations between college students' social media use and engagement in risk behaviors. Conducting research on social media poses unique challenges for researchers; these challenges are reviewed and their impact on the state of the current literature discussed...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774346/self-medication-practice-among-preclinical-university-students-in-a-medical-school-from-the-city-of-pokhara-nepal
#10
Indrajit Banerjee, Brijesh Sathian, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Annavarapu Amarendra, Bedanta Roy, Pugazhandhi Bakthavatchalam, Archana Saha, Indraneel Banerjee
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Nepal medicines can be acquired from the chemist's without of a prescription which sometime may have many drawbacks due to intake of excessive drugs without a proper diagnosis. The primary objective of the study was to find out the pattern of self-medication practice among the preclinical medical students at Manipal College of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study carried out using structured questionnaire at Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal between November 2012- July 2014...
June 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690507/prescription-stimulant-medication-misuse-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#11
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688869/tobacco-use-and-substance-abuse-in-students-of-karaj-universities
#12
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651631/awareness-and-attitudes-toward-emergency-contraceptives-among-college-students-in-south-india
#13
Nitin Joseph, Bhavishya Shetty, Fathima Hasreen, R Ishwarya, Mukesh Baniya, Sahil Sachdeva, Samarth Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In India every year, a large number of pregnancies are unplanned resulting in unsafe abortion. This has tremendous implications both on health and survival of women. Usage of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) could be a solution provided the usage is as per guidelines and social issues do not cause objections. AIM: This study was done to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding ECPs. METHODS: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from the university students...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#14
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613349/substance-use-among-college-students
#15
REVIEW
Chloe R Skidmore, Erin A Kaufman, Sheila E Crowell
Emerging adulthood has heightened risk for substance use. College students experience unique challenges, making them prone to use of alcohol, marijuana, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs. This article reviews rates of college students' substance use, risk factors, and populations at elevated risk. Consequences include legal, academic, and mental health problems; engagement in other risky behaviors; increased rates of injury; and death. Researchers, clinicians, and university administrators must identify those at greatest risk and provide prevention and intervention programs...
October 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610821/perceived-norms-and-alcohol-use-among-first-year-college-student-athletes-different-types-of-friends
#16
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567398/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-related-negative-sexual-events-prevalence-estimates-and-correlates-in-college-students
#17
Kathleen A Parks, Michael R Frone, Mark Muraven, Carol Boyd
The present study of college students investigated (a) the prevalence of nonmedical use of three classes of prescription drugs (stimulants, anxiolytics/sedatives, analgesics), (b) the prevalence of negative sexual events (NSE) associated with any nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), and (c) a set of correlates of NSE. The specific NSE were sexual aggression victimization and perpetration, and regretted sex. The correlates of the NSE were sex, race/ethnicity, year in school, psychological symptoms, alcohol use, illegal drug use, and NMUPD...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556920/patterns-of-multiple-health-risk-behaviours-in-university-students-and-their-association-with-mental-health-application-of-latent-class-analysis
#18
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547720/energy-drink-use-is-associated-with-alcohol-and-substance-use-in-eighth-tenth-and-twelfth-graders
#19
Kathryn Polak, Pamela Dillon, J Randy Koch, Willis G Miller, Leroy Thacker, Dace Svikis
The increasing prevalence of energy drink (ED) use and its link with negative behaviors and adverse health outcomes has garnered much attention. Use of EDs combined with alcohol among college students has been of particular interest. It is unclear if these relationships develop in the context of college, or if similar associations exist in younger individuals. The present study examined associations between ED consumption patterns and other substance use in an adolescent, school-based sample. Participants were N = 3743 students attending 8th, 10th or 12th grade in a suburban central Virginia public school system who completed a prevention needs assessment survey in 2012...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541987/non-medical-use-of-prescription-stimulants-a-comparison-of-college-students-and-their-same-age-peers-who-do-not-attend-college
#20
Jason A Ford, Corey Pomykacz
Data show that the prevalence of non-medical use of prescription stimulants is higher among college students than their same-age peers who do not attend college. Because of this, most of the research in this area focuses on data from samples of college students and on use motivated by academic demands. There is little research that examines whether attending college increases the odds of non-medical use of prescription stimulants while including important covariates in the analytical models. The current research addresses this gap in the literature using data from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health for respondents aged 18 to 25 years old...
September 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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