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Drug use among college students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#1
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777673/high-risk-driving-behaviors-among-12th-grade-students-differences-between-alcohol-only-and-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-users
#2
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Conrad L Woolsey, Thomas E Sather
BACKGROUND: About 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has been associated with higher rates of risky driving among college students. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: (a) examine AmED-use in a sample of high school students and (b) to specifically investigate differences in risky driving behaviors between 12th grade students who engaged in AmED-use and those who consumed alcohol only. METHODS: Differences in risky driving behaviors were investigated by utilizing secondary data analyses of nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future Study (N = 1305)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759320/a-cross-comparative-survey-of-information-seeking-and-scanning-about-drug-related-sources-and-topics-among-u-s-and-israeli-college-students
#3
Ying Cheng, Jisoo Ahn, Nehama Lewis, Lourdes S Martinez
There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#4
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703616/the-protective-behavioral-strategies-for-marijuana-scale-further-examination-using-item-response-theory
#5
Eric R Pedersen, Wenjing Huang, Robert D Dvorak, Mark A Prince, Justin F Hummer
Given recent state legislation legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes and majority popular opinion favoring these laws, we developed the Protective Behavioral Strategies for Marijuana scale (PBSM) to identify strategies that may mitigate the harms related to marijuana use among those young people who choose to use the drug. In the current study, we expand on the initial exploratory study of the PBSM to further validate the measure with a large and geographically diverse sample (N = 2,117; 60% women, 30% non-White) of college students from 11 different universities across the United States...
August 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646810/synergistic-anti-breast-cancer-effects-of-combined-treatment-with-oleuropein-and-doxorubicin-in-vivo
#6
Maha H Elamin, Abdelsalam B Elmahi, Maha H Daghestani, Ebtesam M Al-Olayan, Reem A Al-Ajmi, Afrah F Alkhuriji, Sherifa S Hamed, Manal F Elkhadragy
Context • Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer fatalities among women worldwide. Of the more than 80% of patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy, approximately 40% relapse. The majority of these patients die of disseminated metastatic disease, which emphasizes the need for new therapeutic strategies Objective • The study intended to investigate the anticancer effects of oleuropein (OL) and doxorubicin (DOX) individually and in combination on breast tumor xenografts and also to evaluate the molecular pathways involved...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637382/rates-and-correlates-of-binge-drinking-among-college-students-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#7
Steven L West, Carolyn W Graham, Peter Temple
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the first comprehensive picture of alcohol use and binge drinking by US college students with disabilities (SWDs), who represent at least 11% (1.6 million) of the US college student population. METHODS: In fall 2013, we used a stratified random sampling technique to identify and recruit 2440 SWDs from 122 US colleges and universities. A total of 1285 (53%) SWDs from 61 (50%) colleges and universities completed a survey of alcohol and other drug use and the use of substances by student peers...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622135/the-case-for-implementing-the-levels-of-prevention-model-opiate-abuse-on-american-college-campuses
#8
Quri Daniels-Witt, Amy Thompson, Tavis Glassman, Sara Federman, Katie Bott
Opiate abuse in the United States is on the rise among the college student population. This public health crisis requires immediate action from professionals and stakeholders who are committed to addressing the needs of prospective, current, and recovering opiate users using comprehensive prevention methods. Such approaches have been used to deliver primary, secondary, and tertiary intervention to alcohol and other drug users but are underutilized in the case of opiate abuse among college students in the United States...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615761/prediction-of-risk-for-boys-involvement-in-drug-use-based-on-levels-of-self-evaluations-in-russia
#9
Svetlana N Islamova, Rafael Sh Islamov
BACKGROUND: Adolescents often experiment with drug use, which can impact on their health and well-being and increase the probability of problem drug use. Yet, not enough is known about which psychological indicators is related with the initiation of drug use among young adults and have predictive power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in this study were 311 boys (school and college students) aged 15-17. Data were collected in the towns of Moscow region. A modified version of Dembo-Rubinstein test was used to assess the self-evaluation (SE)...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#10
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599377/illicit-substance-use-among-tunisian-college-students-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#11
Zedini Chekib, Nawel Zammit, Limam Manel, Mellouli Menel, Meriam Elghardallou, Sahli Jihen, Mtiraoui Ali, Ajmi Thouraya
Background Illicit substance use among college students represents one of the most complicated social problems. Studying its predictors could help deal with this problem more efficiently. Aims To determine the prevalence of life time illicit substance use and its predictors among Tunisian college students. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in five colleges in the region of Sousse, Tunisia in the 2012-2013 school year. A sample of 556 college students responded to an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593125/physiological-health-parameters-among-college-students-to-promote-chronic-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#12
David R Black, Daniel C Coster, Samantha R Paige
This study aimed to provide physiologic health risk parameters by gender and age among college students enrolled in a U.S. Midwestern University to promote chronic disease prevention and ameliorate health. A total of 2615 college students between 18 and 25 years old were recruited annually using a series of cross-sectional designs during the spring semester over an 8-year period. Physiologic parameters measured included body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (%BF), blood serum cholesterol (BSC), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582352/health-behaviors-survey-an-examination-of-undergraduate-students-substance-use
#13
Mary L Serowoky, Andrea N Kwasky
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the prevalence of alcohol, drug, and nonmedical prescription drugs at a small private university. In addition, risk and protective factors are examined. METHOD: The Core Institute (Southern Illinois University) was contracted to administer an anonymous, Web-based 49-item survey to matriculated undergraduate students, aged 18-23 years. Data were obtained on student behaviors, perceptions, consequences of substance use, risk factors, and coping strategies...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489809/cannabis-induced-bullous-lung-disease-leading-to-pneumothorax-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Rashmi Mishra, Ravi Patel, Misbahuddin Khaja
RATIONALE: Marijuana use has been increasing in the United States among college students and young adults. Marijuana use has been associated with bullous lung disease which can lead to pneumothorax. There are other recreational drugs like methylphenidate, cocaine and heroin which have been associated with pneumothorax. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 30-year-old man with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with marijuana use. The patient had no medical conditions and presented to the emergency room with chest pain...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458270/correlates-of-hiv-risk-taking-behaviors-among-african-american-college-students-hiv-knowledge-and-ethnic-identity
#15
Angela M Heads, Joseph W Dickson, Aisha T Asby
We examined ethnic identity in relation to hazardous alcohol use, illicit drug use, and risky sexual behavior in 266 college students recruited on the campus of a historically Black college/university (HBCU). Participants were primarily African American students participating in HIV education and prevention outreach efforts. Data regarding prevalence of substance use, binge drinking, and sexual risk behaviors are reported. Results found no relationship among the risk variables and ethnic identity. HIV knowledge score results demonstrated a need to continue HIV education to include the less publicized facts about HIV transmission...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458261/prevention-programming-in-the-u-s-virgin-islands
#16
Doris C Battiste, Alyssa C Ryan, Kimarie Engerman
Although sometimes described as paradise, the prevalence of substance use and high rate of HIV infection in the Virgin Islands are alarming. The University of the Virgin Islands Substance Abuse and HIV Prevention Program was designed to reduce drug use and prevent HIV infection among college students and young adults.
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402711/prevalence-and-incidence-of-drug-use-among-college-students-an-8-year-longitudinal-analysis
#17
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Hannah K Allen, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Drug use among college students is associated with adverse academic and health outcomes and risks to personal safety. OBJECTIVES: This study utilized data from a longitudinal study to estimate annual prevalence, cumulative lifetime prevalence, and incidence of ten types of drug use during the eight years after college entry and the average age of onset of each drug used. METHODS: Participants (N = 1,253; 52% female) were young adults who were originally enrolled as first-time, first-year students at a university in the mid-Atlantic US...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402578/relation-of-mental-health-to-alcohol-and-substance-use-among-texas-college-students
#18
Alan B Shafer, Jessica A Koenig, Emilie A Becker
We examined the effect of mental health problems and difficulties on alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use among college students by using the 2013 Texas College Survey of Substance Use (n=11,216), which includes the K6 screening scale for severe mental illness (SMI). Students' K6 scores were used to classify them into 3 groups: those likely to have SMI (9% with scores ≥ 13), those with some mental health problems (36%), and those without mental health issues (55% with scores ≤ 4). Questions regarding ATOD use were analyzed using these 3 groups...
April 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378037/medical-disease-or-moral-defect-stigma-attribution-and-cultural-models-of-addiction-causality-in-a-university-population
#19
Nicole L Henderson, William W Dressler
This study examines the knowledge individuals use to make judgments about persons with substance use disorder. First, we show that there is a cultural model of addiction causality that is both shared and contested. Second, we examine how individuals' understanding of that model is associated with stigma attribution. Research was conducted among undergraduate students at the University of Alabama. College students in the 18-25 age range are especially at risk for developing substance use disorder, and they are, perhaps more than any other population group, intensely targeted by drug education...
April 4, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318363/sexual-orientation-and-college-students-reasons-for-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#20
Faedra R Dagirmanjian, Anne E McDaniel, Richard Shadick
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription pain medications, sedatives, and stimulants is a well-documented problem among college students. Research has indicated that students who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual are at elevated risk. However, little is known about students' reasons for use. OBJECTIVES: (1) To replicate findings that sexual minority students report higher nonmedical use than heterosexual students, moving from a campus-specific to a multicampus sample and (2) to test for an association between sexual orientation and reasons for use...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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