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Rapid naming reading

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918257/pathways-of-the-inferior-frontal-occipital-fasciculus-in-overt-speech-and-reading
#1
Claire Rollans, Kulpreet Cheema, George K Georgiou, Jacqueline Cummine
In this study, we examined the relationship between tractography-based measures of white matter integrity (ex. fractional anisotropy [FA]) from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and five reading-related tasks, including rapid automatized naming (RAN) of letters, digits, and objects, and reading of real words and nonwords. Twenty university students with no reported history of reading difficulties were tested on all five tasks and their performance was correlated with diffusion measures extracted through DTI tractography...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901672/reading-comprehension-difficulties-in-chinese-english-bilingual-children
#2
Xiuhong Tong, Catherine McBride, Hua Shu, Connie Suk-Han Ho
The co-occurrence of reading comprehension difficulties for first language (L1) Chinese and second language (L2) English and associated longitudinal cognitive-linguistic correlates in each language were investigated. Sixteen poor comprehenders in English and 16 poor comprehenders in Chinese, 18 poor readers in both, and 18 children with normal performance in both were identified at age 10. The prevalence rate for being poor in both was 52.94%, suggesting that approximately half of children who are at risk for Chinese reading comprehension difficulty are also at risk for English reading comprehension difficulty...
September 13, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866531/ittvis-interactive-visualization-of-table-tennis-data
#3
Yingcai Wu, Ji Lan, Xinhuan Shu, Chenyang Ji, Kejian Zhao, Jiachen Wang, Hui Zhang
The rapid development of information technology paved the way for the recording of fine-grained data, such as stroke techniques and stroke placements, during a table tennis match. This data recording creates opportunities to analyze and evaluate matches from new perspectives. Nevertheless, the increasingly complex data poses a significant challenge to make sense of and gain insights into. Analysts usually employ tedious and cumbersome methods which are limited to watching videos and reading statistical tables...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840987/multicenter-evaluation-of-an-image-analysis-device-apas-comparison-between-digital-image-and-traditional-plate-reading-using-urine-cultures
#4
John Glasson, Rhys Hill, Michael Summerford, Dianne Olden, Fotula Papadopoulos, Stephen Young, Steven Giglio
BACKGROUND: The application of image analysis technologies for the interpretation of microbiological cultures is evolving rapidly. The primary aim of this study was to establish whether the image analysis system named Automated Plate Assessment System (APAS; LBT Innovations Ltd., Australia) could be applied to screen urine cultures. A secondary aim was to evaluate differences between traditional plate reading (TPR) and the reading of cultures from images, or digital plate reading (DPR)...
November 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834383/visual-motion-and-rapid-auditory-processing-are-solid-endophenotypes-of-developmental-dyslexia
#5
Sara Mascheretti, Simone Gori, Vittoria Trezzi, Milena Ruffino, Andrea Facoetti, Cecilia Marino
Although a genetic component is known to have an important role in the etiology of developmental dyslexia, we are far from understanding the molecular etiopathogenetic pathways. Reduced measures of neurobiological functioning related to reading (dis)ability, i.e., endophenotypes, are promising targets for gene finding and the elucidation of the underlying mechanisms. In a sample of 100 nuclear families with developmental dyslexia (229 offspring) and 83 unrelated typical readers, we tested whether a set of well-established, cognitive phenotypes related to developmental dyslexia (i...
August 17, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812316/literacy-acquisition-influences-children-s-rapid-automatized-naming
#6
Robin L Peterson, Anne B Arnett, Bruce F Pennington, Brian Byrne, Stefan Samuelsson, Richard K Olson
Previous research has established that learning to read improves children's performance on reading-related phonological tasks, including phoneme awareness (PA) and nonword repetition. Few studies have investigated whether literacy acquisition also promotes children's rapid automatized naming (RAN). We tested the hypothesis that literacy acquisition should influence RAN in an international, longitudinal population sample of twins. Cross-lagged path models evaluated the relationships among literacy, PA, and RAN across four time points from pre-kindergarten through grade 4...
August 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810135/is-processing-of-symbols-and-words-influenced-by-writing-system-evidence-from-chinese-korean-english-and-greek
#7
Angeliki Altani, George K Georgiou, Ciping Deng, Jeung-Ryeul Cho, Katerina Katopodi, Wei Wei, Athanassios Protopapas
We examined cross-linguistic effects in the relationship between serial and discrete versions of digit naming and word reading. In total, 113 Mandarin-speaking Chinese children, 100 Korean children, 112 English-speaking Canadian children, and 108 Greek children in Grade 3 were administered tasks of serial and discrete naming of words and digits. Interrelations among tasks indicated that the link between rapid naming and reading is largely determined by the format of the tasks across orthographies. Multigroup path analyses with discrete and serial word reading as dependent variables revealed commonalities as well as significant differences between writing systems...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800632/radar-a-novel-fast-screening-method-for-reading-difficulties-with-special-focus-on-dyslexia
#8
Ioannis Smyrnakis, Vassilios Andreadakis, Vassilios Selimis, Michail Kalaitzakis, Theodora Bachourou, Georgios Kaloutsakis, George D Kymionis, Stelios Smirnakis, Ioannis M Aslanides
Dyslexia is a developmental learning disorder of single word reading accuracy and/or fluency, with compelling research directed towards understanding the contributions of the visual system. While dyslexia is not an oculomotor disease, readers with dyslexia have shown different eye movements than typically developing students during text reading. Readers with dyslexia exhibit longer and more frequent fixations, shorter saccade lengths, more backward refixations than typical readers. Furthermore, readers with dyslexia are known to have difficulty in reading long words, lower skipping rate of short words, and high gaze duration on many words...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799454/unpacking-direct-and-indirect-relationships-of-short-term-memory-to-word-reading-evidence-from-korean-speaking-children
#9
Young-Suk Grace Kim, Jeung-Ryeul Cho, Soon-Gil Park
We examined the relations of short-term memory (STM), metalinguistic awareness (phonological, morphological, and orthographic awareness), and rapid automatized naming (RAN) to word reading in Korean, a language with a relatively transparent orthography. STM, metalinguistic awareness, and RAN have been shown to be important to word reading, but the nature of the relations of STM, metalinguistic awareness, and RAN to word reading has rarely been investigated. Two alternative models were fitted. In the indirect relation model, STM was hypothesized to be indirectly related to word reading via metalinguistic awareness and RAN...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749993/functional-characterization-of-an-aquaporin-from-a-microsporidium-nosema-bombycis
#10
Gong Chen, Wei Wang, Hongli Chen, Weijiang Dai, Xiangran Peng, Xiaoliang Li, Xudong Tang, Li Xu, Zhongyuan Shen
Microsporidia are a diverse group of eukaryotic organisms, capable of causing parasitic infections in both vertebrates and invertebrates. During the germination process, there is an increase in the osmotic pressure of microsporidian spores. As part of this study, we cloned a homologous aquaporin gene in Nosema bombycis, and named it Nosema bombycis aquaporin (NbAQP). Sequence analysis revealed that the NbAQP contains an open reading frame with a length of 750 bp and encodes a polypeptide of 249 amino acids...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744953/a-three-year-longitudinal-study-of-reading-and-spelling-difficulty-in-chinese-developmental-dyslexia-the-matter-of-morphological-awareness
#11
Xiuhong Tong, Catherine McBride, Jason Chor Ming Lo, Hua Shu
In the present study, we used a three-time point longitudinal design to investigate the associations of morphological awareness to word reading and spelling in a small group of those with and without dyslexia taken from a larger sample of 164 Hong Kong Chinese children who remained in a longitudinal study across ages 6, 7 and 8. Among those 164 children, 15 had been diagnosed as having dyslexia by professional psychologists, and 15 other children manifested average reading ability and had been randomly selected from the sample for comparison...
July 25, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736204/neural-stability-a-reflection-of-automaticity-in-reading
#12
Silvia Siu-Yin Lam, Travis White-Schwoch, Steven G Zecker, Jane Hornickel, Nina Kraus
Automaticity, the ability to perform a task rapidly with minimal effort, plays a key role in reading fluency and is indexed by rapid automatized naming (RAN) and processing speed. Yet little is known about automaticity's neurophysiologic underpinnings. The more efficiently sound is encoded, the more automatic sound processing can be. In turn, this automaticity could free up cognitive resources such as attention and working memory to help build an integrative reading network. Therefore, we hypothesized that automaticity and reading fluency correlate with stable neural representation of sounds, given a larger body of literature suggesting the close relationship between neural stability and the integrative function in the central auditory system...
August 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707269/complete-genomic-sequence-of-common-reed-chlorotic-stripe-virus-a-novel-member-of-the-family-potyviridae
#13
Wen Yuan, Kaitong Du, Zaifeng Fan, Tao Zhou
Common reed (Phragmites australis) plants showing chlorotic stripe symptoms on leaves were found in Gansu Province, China. Deep sequencing of small RNAs from symptomatic leaves identified a putative potyvirus, which was named common reed chlorotic stripe virus (CRCSV). The full genome sequence was determined by reverse transcription PCR, rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) PCR, and sequencing. It consists of 9,426 nucleotides, excluding the poly(A) tail, and contains a large open reading frame encoding a polyprotein of 3,014 amino acids...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705149/f-treegc-a-questionnaire-based-family-tree-creation-software-for-genetic-counseling-and-genome-cohort-studies
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tomoharu Tokutomi, Akimune Fukushima, Kayono Yamamoto, Yasushi Bansho, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Atsushi Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The Tohoku Medical Megabank project aims to create a next-generation personalized healthcare system by conducting large-scale genome-cohort studies involving three generations of local residents in the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake. We collected medical and genomic information for developing a biobank to be used for this healthcare system. We designed a questionnaire-based pedigree-creation software program named "f-treeGC," which enables even less experienced medical practitioners to accurately and rapidly collect family health history and create pedigree charts...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660656/early-identification-of-reading-difficulties-a-screening-strategy-that-adjusts-the-sensitivity-to-the-level-of-prediction-accuracy
#15
Mads Poulsen, Anne-Mette Veber Nielsen, Holger Juul, Carsten Elbro
Early screening for reading difficulties before the onset of instruction is desirable because it allows intervention that is targeted at prevention rather than remediation of reading difficulties. However, early screening may be too inaccurate to effectively allocate resources to those who need them. The present study compared the accuracy of early screening before the onset of formal reading instruction with late screening six months into the first year of instruction. The study followed 164 Danish students from the end of Grade 0 to the end of Grade 2...
June 28, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651533/profiling-of-antibiotic-resistance-of-bacterial-species-recovered-from-routine-clinical-isolates-in-ethiopia
#16
Robert-Jan Ten Hove, Melaku Tesfaye, Witold Frederik Ten Hove, Mesfin Nigussie
BACKGROUND: With the alarming rise in antibiotic resistance in African countries, the need for a surveillance system in the region has become pressing. The rapid expansion of data networks makes it possible to set up healthcare applications that can be both cost-efficient and effective. Large data sets are available for assessment of current antibiotic resistance among Ethiopian patients. Based on the data-presentation, a practical approach is proposed on how diagnostic laboratories can participate remedial action against antibiotic resistance in Ethiopia...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621157/predicting-individual-differences-in-reading-and-spelling-skill-with-artificial-script-based-letter-speech-sound-training
#17
Sebasti√°n Aravena, Jurgen Tijms, Patrick Snellings, Maurits W van der Molen
In this study, we examined the learning of letter-speech sound correspondences within an artificial script and performed an experimental analysis of letter-speech sound learning among dyslexic and normal readers vis-à-vis phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, reading, and spelling. Participants were provided with 20 min of training aimed at learning eight new basic letter-speech sound correspondences, followed by a short assessment of mastery of the correspondences and word-reading ability in this unfamiliar script...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594387/3d-printing-based-integrated-water-quality-sensing-system
#18
Muinul Banna, Kaustav Bera, Ryan Sochol, Liwei Lin, Homayoun Najjaran, Rehan Sadiq, Mina Hoorfar
The online and accurate monitoring of drinking water supply networks is critically in demand to rapidly detect the accidental or deliberate contamination of drinking water. At present, miniaturized water quality monitoring sensors developed in the laboratories are usually tested under ambient pressure and steady-state flow conditions; however, in Water Distribution Systems (WDS), both the pressure and the flowrate fluctuate. In this paper, an interface is designed and fabricated using additive manufacturing or 3D printing technology-material extrusion (Trade Name: fused deposition modeling, FDM) and material jetting-to provide a conduit for miniaturized sensors for continuous online water quality monitoring...
June 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572891/factors-positively-influencing-health-are-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men-the-2007-2009-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#19
Shinhye Kim, Mi-Ra Cho, Taejong Kim, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Jae Woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has risen rapidly worldwide, including in South Korea. Factors related to lifestyle are closely associated with the development of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and a number of factors positively influencing health, namely non-smoking, low-risk drinking, sufficient sleep, regular exercise, and the habit of reading food labels, among Korean men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,869 men from the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501822/structural-mri-correlates-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-progression
#20
Joe Senda, Naoki Atsuta, Hirohisa Watanabe, Epifanio Bagarinao, Kazunori Imai, Daichi Yokoi, Yuichi Riku, Michihito Masuda, Ryoichi Nakamura, Hazuki Watanabe, Mizuki Ito, Masahisa Katsuno, Shinji Naganawa, Gen Sobue
PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presents with varying degrees of brain degeneration that can extend beyond the corticospinal tract (CST). Furthermore, the clinical course and progression of ALS varies widely. Brain degeneration detected using structural MRI could reflect disease progression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On study registration, 3-Tesla volumetric MRI and diffusion tensor imaging scans were obtained at baseline in 38 healthy controls and 67 patients with sporadic ALS...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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