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Rapid automatized naming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621157/predicting-individual-differences-in-reading-and-spelling-skill-with-artificial-script-based-letter-speech-sound-training
#1
Sebastián Aravena, Jurgen Tijms, Patrick Snellings, Maurits W van der Molen
In this study, we examined the learning of letter-speech sound correspondences within an artificial script and performed an experimental analysis of letter-speech sound learning among dyslexic and normal readers vis-à-vis phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, reading, and spelling. Participants were provided with 20 min of training aimed at learning eight new basic letter-speech sound correspondences, followed by a short assessment of mastery of the correspondences and word-reading ability in this unfamiliar script...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428624/attentional-selection-predicts-rapid-automatized-naming-ability-in-chinese-speaking-children-with-adhd
#2
Encong Wang, Meirong Sun, Ye Tao, Xiaoyi Gao, Jialiang Guo, Chenguang Zhao, Hui Li, Qiujin Qian, Zhanliang Wu, Yufeng Wang, Li Sun, Yan Song
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are reported to have a significantly higher risk of showing reading difficulties or disorders. Here, we aimed to identify the relationship between electroencephalographic (EEG) marker of spatial attention and reading ability in Chinese children with ADHD. First, we demonstrated that rapid automatized naming (RAN) is a strong predictor of reading ability in Chinese-speaking children. Then, EEG data of 9-to 15-year-old children with ADHD (n = 38) and typically developing (TD) controls (n = 36) were collected while the children performed a classical visual search task...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413726/gb4gv-a-genome-browser-for-geminivirus
#3
Eric S Ho, Catherine M Newsom-Stewart, Lysa Diarra, Caroline S McCauley
BACKGROUND: Geminiviruses (family Geminiviridae) are prevalent plant viruses that imperil agriculture globally, causing serious damage to the livelihood of farmers, particularly in developing countries. The virus evolves rapidly, attributing to its single-stranded genome propensity, resulting in worldwide circulation of diverse and viable genomes. Genomics is a prominent approach taken by researchers in elucidating the infectious mechanism of the virus. Currently, the NCBI Viral Genome website is a popular repository of viral genomes that conveniently provides researchers a centralized data source of genomic information...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384512/novel-substrates-for-the-automated-and-manual-assay-of-endo-1-4-%C3%AE-xylanase
#4
David Mangan, Claudio Cornaggia, Agnija Liadova, Niall McCormack, Ruth Ivory, Vincent A McKie, Aaron Ormerod, Barry V McCleary
endo-1,4-β-Xylanase (EC 3.2.1.8) is employed across a broad range of industries including animal feed, brewing, baking, biofuels, detergents and pulp (paper). Despite its importance, a rapid, reliable, reproducible, automatable assay for this enzyme that is based on the use of a chemically defined substrate has not been described to date. Reported herein is a new enzyme coupled assay procedure, termed the XylX6 assay, that employs a novel substrate, namely 4,6-O-(3-ketobutylidene)-4-nitrophenyl-β-4(5)-O-glucosyl-xylopentaoside...
March 4, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362193/relations-between-awareness-of-morphosyntactic-structures-in-chinese-compound-words-and-reading-abilities-a-short-report
#5
Dustin Kai-Yan Lau, Yuan Liang, Man Tak Leung
This is a short report of the investigation of the relationship between awareness of morphosyntactic structures in Chinese compound words and reading abilities on 268 fourth graders studying in three mainstream schools in Shenzhen. All children were assessed using reading and cognitive tasks including rapid automatized naming, phonological, orthographic and morphological awareness. A compound production task using pseudo compound words with different morphosyntactic structures in the first and second levels as stimuli was also conducted...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186188/all-in-one-3d-printed-microscopy-chamber-for-multidimensional-imaging-the-universlide
#6
Kevin Alessandri, Laetitia Andrique, Maxime Feyeux, Andreas Bikfalvi, Pierre Nassoy, Gaëlle Recher
While live 3D high resolution microscopy techniques are developing rapidly, their use for biological applications is partially hampered by practical difficulties such as the lack of a versatile sample chamber. Here, we propose the design of a multi-usage observation chamber adapted for live 3D bio-imaging. We show the usefulness and practicality of this chamber, which we named the UniverSlide, for live imaging of two case examples, namely multicellular systems encapsulated in sub-millimeter hydrogel shells and zebrafish larvae...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079738/vision-problems-and-reduced-reading-outcomes-in-queensland-schoolchildren
#7
Shelley Hopkins, Geoff P Sampson, Peter L Hendicott, Joanne M Wood
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between vision and reading outcomes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren to determine whether vision problems are associated with lower reading outcomes in these populations. METHODS: Vision testing and reading assessments were performed on 508 Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren in Queensland, Australia divided into two age groups: Grades 1 and 2 (6-7 years of age) and Grades 6 and 7 (12-13 years of age). Vision parameters measured included cycloplegic refraction, near point of convergence, heterophoria, fusional vergence range, rapid automatized naming, and visual motor integration...
January 12, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070657/-how-to-incorporate-dual-energy-imaging-into-a-high-volume-abdominal-imaging-practice
#8
Eric P Tamm, Ott Le, Xinming Liu, Rick R Layman, Dianna D Cody, Priya R Bhosale
Dual-energy CT imaging has many potential uses in abdominal imaging. It also has unique requirements for protocol creation depending on the dual-energy scanning technique that is being utilized. It also generates several new types of images which can increase the complexity of image creation and image interpretation. The purpose of this article is to review, for rapid switching and dual-source dual-energy platforms, methods for creating dual-energy protocols, different approaches for efficiently creating dual-energy images, and an approach to navigating and using dual-energy images at the reading station all using the example of a pancreatic multiphasic protocol...
March 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942706/the-role-of-categorical-speech-perception-and-phonological-processing-in-familial-risk-children-with-and-without-dyslexia
#9
Britt Hakvoort, Elise de Bree, Aryan van der Leij, Ben Maassen, Ellie van Setten, Natasha Maurits, Titia L van Zuijen
Purpose: This study assessed whether a categorical speech perception (CP) deficit is associated with dyslexia or familial risk for dyslexia, by exploring a possible cascading relation from speech perception to phonology to reading and by identifying whether speech perception distinguishes familial risk (FR) children with dyslexia (FRD) from those without dyslexia (FRND). Method: Data were collected from 9-year-old FRD (n = 37) and FRND (n = 41) children and age-matched controls (n = 49) on CP identification and discrimination and on the phonological processing measures rapid automatized naming, phoneme awareness, and nonword repetition...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883911/examining-the-relationship-between-rapid-automatized-naming-and-arithmetic-fluency-in-chinese-kindergarten-children
#10
Jiaxin Cui, George K Georgiou, Yiyun Zhang, Yixun Li, Hua Shu, Xinlin Zhou
Rapid automatized naming (RAN) has been found to predict mathematics. However, the nature of their relationship remains unclear. Thus, the purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to examine how RAN (numeric and non-numeric) predicts a subdomain of mathematics (arithmetic fluency) and (b) to examine what processing skills may account for the RAN-arithmetic fluency relationship. A total of 160 third-year kindergarten Chinese children (83 boys and 77 girls, mean age=5.11years) were assessed on RAN (colors, objects, digits, and dice), nonverbal IQ, visual-verbal paired associate learning, phonological awareness, short-term memory, speed of processing, approximate number system acuity, and arithmetic fluency (addition and subtraction)...
February 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867422/classyfire-automated-chemical-classification-with-a-comprehensive-computable-taxonomy
#11
Yannick Djoumbou Feunang, Roman Eisner, Craig Knox, Leonid Chepelev, Janna Hastings, Gareth Owen, Eoin Fahy, Christoph Steinbeck, Shankar Subramanian, Evan Bolton, Russell Greiner, David S Wishart
BACKGROUND: Scientists have long been driven by the desire to describe, organize, classify, and compare objects using taxonomies and/or ontologies. In contrast to biology, geology, and many other scientific disciplines, the world of chemistry still lacks a standardized chemical ontology or taxonomy. Several attempts at chemical classification have been made; but they have mostly been limited to either manual, or semi-automated proof-of-principle applications. This is regrettable as comprehensive chemical classification and description tools could not only improve our understanding of chemistry but also improve the linkage between chemistry and many other fields...
2016: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860165/construction-implementation-and-testing-of-an-image-identification-system-using-computer-vision-methods-for-fruit-flies-with-economic-importance-diptera-tephritidae
#12
Jiang-Ning Wang, Xiao-Lin Chen, Xin-Wen Hou, Li-Bing Zhou, Chao-Dong Zhu, Li-Qiang Ji
BACKGROUND: Many species of Tephritidae are damaging to fruit, which might negatively impact international fruit trade. Automatic or semi-automatic identification of fruit flies are greatly needed for diagnosing causes of damage and quarantine protocols for economically relevant insects. RESULTS: A fruit fly image identification system named AFIS1.0 has been developed using 74 species belonging to six genera, which include the majority of pests in the Tephritidae...
November 17, 2016: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747988/longitudinal-stability-of-pre-reading-skill-profiles-of-kindergarten-children-implications-for-early-screening-and-theories-of-reading
#13
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Elizabeth S Norton, Georgios Sideridis, Sara D Beach, Maryanne Wolf, John D E Gabrieli, Nadine Gaab
Research suggests that early identification of developmental dyslexia is important for mitigating the negative effects of dyslexia, including reduced educational attainment and increased socioemotional difficulties. The strongest pre-literacy predictors of dyslexia are rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), letter knowledge, and verbal short-term memory. The relationship among these constructs has been debated, and several theories have emerged to explain the unique role of each in reading ability/disability...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723471/the-real-time-prediction-and-inhibition-of-linguistic-outcomes-effects-of-language-and-literacy-skill
#14
Anuenue Kukona, David Braze, Clinton L Johns, W Einar Mencl, Julie A Van Dyke, James S Magnuson, Kenneth R Pugh, Donald P Shankweiler, Whitney Tabor
Recent studies have found considerable individual variation in language comprehenders' predictive behaviors, as revealed by their anticipatory eye movements during language comprehension. The current study investigated the relationship between these predictive behaviors and the language and literacy skills of a diverse, community-based sample of young adults. We found that rapid automatized naming (RAN) was a key determinant of comprehenders' prediction ability (e.g., as reflected in predictive eye movements to a white cake on hearing "The boy will eat the white…")...
November 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667915/eye-movement-control-in-ran-and-reading
#15
Victor Kuperman, Julie A Van Dyke, Regina Henry
The present study examined the visual scanning hypothesis, which suggests that fluent oculomotor control is an important component underlying the predictive relationship between Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) tasks and reading ability. Our approach was to isolate components of saccadic planning, articulation, and lexical retrieval in three modified RAN tasks. We analyzed two samples of undergraduate readers (age 17-27), we evaluated the incremental contributions of these components and found that saccadic planning to non-linguistic stimuli alone explained roughly one-third of the variance that conventional RAN tasks explained in eye-movements registered during text reading for comprehension...
2016: Scientific Studies of Reading
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630551/the-beat-to-read-a-cross-lingual-link-between-rhythmic-regularity-perception-and-reading-skill
#16
Annike Bekius, Thomas E Cope, Manon Grube
This work assesses one specific aspect of the relationship between auditory rhythm cognition and language skill: regularity perception. In a group of 26 adult participants, native speakers of 11 different native languages, we demonstrate a strong and significant correlation between the ability to detect a "roughly" regular beat and rapid automatized naming (RAN) as a measure of language skill (Spearman's rho, -0.47, p < 0.01). There was no such robust relationship for the "mirror image" task of irregularity detection, i...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591653/a-microfluidic-chip-for-studying-the-reproduction-of-enteromorpha-prolifera
#17
Zhixuan Xu, Qi Liu, Xinlian Zhang, Xuxiong Huang, Peimin He, Sixiu Liu, Guodong Sui
In recent years, green tides caused by water eutrophication, has brought serious environmental problems. Enteromorpha prolifera (E. prolifera), an opportunistic macroalgae, is one of the main source contributing to the formation of green tides. It has been estimated that the excessive growth of E. prolifera is closely related to various reproductive ways of germ cells which are at the micrometer scale. Here we report a microfluidic device named Germ Cell Capture Chip (GCChip) to investigate the E. prolifera reproductive mechanism...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577443/feature-automatic-feature-construction-for-clinical-data-analysis
#18
Wen Sun, Bibo Hao, Yiqin Yu, Jing Li, Gang Hu, Guotong Xie
With the rapid growth of clinical data and knowledge, feature construction for clinical analysis becomes increasingly important and challenging. Given a clinical dataset with up to hundreds or thousands of columns, the traditional manual feature construction process is usually too labour intensive to generate a full spectrum of features with potential values. As a result, advanced large-scale data analysis technologies, such as feature selection for predictive modelling, cannot be fully utilized for clinical data analysis...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506226/dtminer-identification-of-potential-disease-targets-through-biomedical-literature-mining
#19
Dong Xu, Meizhuo Zhang, Yanping Xie, Fan Wang, Ming Chen, Kenny Q Zhu, Jia Wei
MOTIVATION: Biomedical researchers often search through massive catalogues of literature to look for potential relationships between genes and diseases. Given the rapid growth of biomedical literature, automatic relation extraction, a crucial technology in biomedical literature mining, has shown great potential to support research of gene-related diseases. Existing work in this field has produced datasets that are limited both in scale and accuracy. RESULTS: In this study, we propose a reliable and efficient framework that takes large biomedical literature repositories as inputs, identifies credible relationships between diseases and genes, and presents possible genes related to a given disease and possible diseases related to a given gene...
December 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504009/improving-the-dictionary-lookup-approach-for-disease-normalization-using-enhanced-dictionary-and-query-expansion
#20
Jitendra Jonnagaddala, Toni Rose Jue, Nai-Wen Chang, Hong-Jie Dai
The rapidly increasing biomedical literature calls for the need of an automatic approach in the recognition and normalization of disease mentions in order to increase the precision and effectivity of disease based information retrieval. A variety of methods have been proposed to deal with the problem of disease named entity recognition and normalization. Among all the proposed methods, conditional random fields (CRFs) and dictionary lookup method are widely used for named entity recognition and normalization respectively...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
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