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Rapid automatized naming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771185/can-the-relationship-between-rapid-automatized-naming-and-word-reading-be-explained-by-a-catastrophe-empirical-evidence-from-students-with-and-without-reading-difficulties
#1
Georgios D Sideridis, Panagiotis Simos, Angeliki Mouzaki, Dimitrios Stamovlasis, George K Georgiou
The purpose of the present study was to explain the moderating role of rapid automatized naming (RAN) in word reading with a cusp catastrophe model. We hypothesized that increases in RAN performance speed beyond a critical point would be associated with the disruption in word reading, consistent with a "generic shutdown" hypothesis. Participants were 587 elementary schoolchildren (Grades 2-4), among whom 87 had reading comprehension difficulties per the IQ-achievement discrepancy criterion. Data were analyzed via a cusp catastrophe model derived from the nonlinear dynamics systems theory...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757245/rapid-automatized-naming-verbal-working-memory-and-rhythm-discrimination-as-predictors-of-reading-in-italian-undergraduate-students-with-and-without-dyslexia
#2
Alice Cancer, Alessandro Antonietti
Whereas the clinical manifestations and the neuropsychological predictors of Developmental Dyslexia (DD) are already well documented in Italian-speaking children, empirical evidence on DD in Italian adults is in contrast rather scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of a subset of neuropsychological skills, which have been identified by previous literature to be related to reading, in the decoding abilities of a group of Italian undergraduates with and without DD. For this purpose, 39 university students aged between 19 and 27 years, 19 of whom with a diagnosis of DD, underwent an assessment battery including standardized reading tests, rapid automatized naming (RAN), verbal working memory, and rhythmic pattern discrimination tests...
May 13, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667706/preliteracy-impairments-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#3
Shelley S Arnold, Jonathan M Payne, Jennifer Lorenzo, Kathryn N North, Belinda Barton
AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the preliteracy abilities of young children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and to identify which of these abilities best predicted conventional literacy (spelling). METHOD: Forty-two children with NF1 (23 males, 19 females; mean age [SD] 5y 6mo [6mo]) were compared with 32 unaffected children (15 males, 17 females; mean age [SD] 5y 4mo [6mo]). All children completed a comprehensive cognitive assessment including measures of phonological processing (phonological awareness, phonological memory, rapid automatic naming) and letter-sound knowledge...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625749/real-time-coordination-of-visual-and-linguistic-processes-in-novice-readers
#4
Yi Ting Huang
Skilled reading requires coordinating real-time visual fixations, orthographic analyses, and phonological encoding across multiple words in sentences. These procedures are well studied in experienced readers, but less is known about their status during development. To investigate how visual properties influence the origins of coordinated processing, the current study combined rapid automatized naming (RAN) with an eye-tracking paradigm and compared the timing of fixations and vocalizations in typically developing adults and 6-year-old children...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593618/phonological-awareness-and-rapid-automatized-naming-are-independent-phonological-competencies-with-specific-impacts-on-word-reading-and-spelling-an-intervention-study
#5
Caroline Vander Stappen, Marie Van Reybroeck
Phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been shown to be powerful predictors of reading achievement across many languages. However, literature remains unclear: (a) whether RAN is independent of PA, (b) about the specific influences of PA and RAN on reading and spelling, and (c) about the efficacy of a RAN intervention. This study aims to address these issues by means of an intervention design. Precisely, the objectives are (a) to determine whether training one competence involves or not an effect on the other, (b) to examine whether each intervention based on oral abilities (PA vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571863/the-new-mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-a-test-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion-sized-for-the-sidelines
#6
Omar Akhand, Matthew S Galetta, Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Nikki Webb, Julia Drattell, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Janet C Rucker, Dennis Cardone, Barry D Jordan, Arlene Silverio, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: Measures of rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been used for over 50 years to capture vision-based aspects of cognition. The Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) is a test of rapid picture naming under investigation for detection of concussion and other neurological disorders. MULES was designed as a series of 54 grouped color photographs (fruits, random objects, animals) that integrates saccades, color perception and contextual object identification. Recent changes to the MULES test have been made to improve ease of use on the athletic sidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530251/massimager-a-software-for-interactive-and-in-depth-analysis-of-mass-spectrometry-imaging-data
#7
Jiuming He, Luojiao Huang, Runtao Tian, Tiegang Li, Chenglong Sun, Xiaowei Song, Yiwei Lv, Zhigang Luo, Xin Li, Zeper Abliz
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has become a powerful tool to probe molecule events in biological tissue. However, it is a widely held viewpoint that one of the biggest challenges is an easy-to-use data processing software for discovering the underlying biological information from complicated and huge MSI dataset. Here, a user-friendly and full-featured MSI software including three subsystems, Solution, Visualization and Intelligence, named MassImager, is developed focusing on interactive visualization, in-situ biomarker discovery and artificial intelligent pathological diagnosis...
July 26, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520226/does-the-relation-between-rapid-automatized-naming-and-reading-depend-on-age-or-on-reading-level-a-behavioral-and-erp-study
#8
Marjolaine Cohen, G Mahé, Marina Laganaro, Pascal Zesiger
Reading predictors evolve through age: phonological awareness is the best predictor of reading abilities at the beginning of reading acquisition while Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) becomes the best reading predictor in more experienced readers (around 9-10 years old). Those developmental changes in the relationship between RAN and reading have so far been explained in term of participants' age. However, it should be noted that in the previous experiments age always co-vary with participants reading level. It is thus not clear whether RAN-reading relationship is developmental in nature or related to the reading system itself...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518713/field-based-detection-of-biological-samples-for-forensic-analysis-established-techniques-novel-tools-and-future-innovations
#9
REVIEW
Jack Morrison, Giles Watts, Glyn Hobbs, Nick Dawnay
Field based forensic tests commonly provide information on the presence and identity of biological stains and can also support the identification of species. Such information can support downstream processing of forensic samples and generate rapid intelligence. These approaches have traditionally used chemical and immunological techniques to elicit the result but some are known to suffer from a lack of specificity and sensitivity. The last 10 years has seen the development of field-based genetic profiling systems, with specific focus on moving the mainstay of forensic genetic analysis, namely STR profiling, out of the laboratory and into the hands of the non-laboratory user...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515945/iquant2-software-for-rapid-and-quantitative-imaging-using-laser-ablation-icp-mass-spectrometry
#10
Toshihiro Suzuki, Shuhei Sakata, Yoshiki Makino, Hideyuki Obayashi, Seiya Ohara, Kentaro Hattori, Takafumi Hirata
We report on the development of a software program named iQuant2 which creates visual images from two-dimensional signal intensity data obtained by a laser ablation-ICP-mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) technique. Time-resolved signal intensity profiles can be converted to position resolved signal intensity data based on the rastering rate (μm s-1 ) of the laser ablation. Background signal intensities obtained without laser ablation (gas blank) are used as the background, and all of the blank-subtracted intensity data can be used for the imaging analysis...
2018: Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351038/early-reading-abilities-of-bilingual-children-with-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefts
#11
Michelle Heng Yue Cheong, Selena Ee-Li Young, Dawn Patricia Chuan Yu Young, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan Jane Rickard Liow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early reading abilities, and related cognitive-linguistic processes, in bilingual children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), and to identify deficits that might be amenable to intervention. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Bilingual participants with CL/P aged 5 to 6 years who were English-dominant ( n=17) or Mandarin-dominant ( n=18) were recruited using consecutive sampling from a national cleft treatment center and matched pairwise to a sample of typically developing (TD) children on language dominance, age, and socioeconomic status...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335162/the-effectiveness-of-virtual-simulation-in-improving-student-nurses-knowledge-and-performance-during-patient-deterioration-a-pre-and-post-test-design
#12
Alexis Borg Sapiano, Roberta Sammut, Josef Trapani
BACKGROUND: Preparing nursing students to perform competently in complex emergency situations, such as during rapid patient deterioration, is challenging. Students' active engagement in such scenarios cannot be ensured, due to the unexpected nature of such infrequent events. Many students may consequently not experience and integrate the management of patient deterioration into their knowledge and practical competency by the end of their studies, making them unprepared to manage such situations as practicing nurses...
March 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320760/a-standard-nomenclature-for-referencing-and-authentication-of-pluripotent-stem-cells
#13
REVIEW
Andreas Kurtz, Stefanie Seltmann, Amos Bairoch, Marie-Sophie Bittner, Kevin Bruce, Amanda Capes-Davis, Laura Clarke, Jeremy M Crook, Laurence Daheron, Johannes Dewender, Adam Faulconbridge, Wataru Fujibuchi, Alexander Gutteridge, Derek J Hei, Yong-Ou Kim, Jung-Hyun Kim, Anja Kolb- Kokocinski, Fritz Lekschas, Geoffrey P Lomax, Jeanne F Loring, Tenneille Ludwig, Nancy Mah, Tohru Matsui, Robert Müller, Helen Parkinson, Michael Sheldon, Kelly Smith, Harald Stachelscheid, Glyn Stacey, Ian Streeter, Anna Veiga, Ren-He Xu
Unambiguous cell line authentication is essential to avoid loss of association between data and cells. The risk for loss of references increases with the rapidity that new human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) lines are generated, exchanged, and implemented. Ideally, a single name should be used as a generally applied reference for each cell line to access and unify cell-related information across publications, cell banks, cell registries, and databases and to ensure scientific reproducibility. We discuss the needs and requirements for such a unique identifier and implement a standard nomenclature for hPSCs, which can be automatically generated and registered by the human pluripotent stem cell registry (hPSCreg)...
January 9, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319358/cognitive-mechanisms-underlying-the-associations-between-inattention-and-reading-abilities
#14
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Philippe Robaey, Richard E Tremblay, Ginette Dionne
This study aims to test cognitive skills underlying the association between inattention and reading in early primary school. Teachers rated inattention symptoms when children (N = 523-962) were 6-7 years old. Children were assessed at age 7-8 on phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming (RAN), rapid auditory and bimodal processing, vocabulary, and reading (decoding and comprehension). Phonological awareness, RAN of numbers, and vocabulary mediated the association between inattention and both decoding and comprehension...
January 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283605/cognates-facilitate-switches-and-then-confusion-contrasting-effects-of-cascade-versus-feedback-on-language-selection
#15
Chuchu Li, Tamar H Gollan
The current study investigated the hypothesis that cognates (i.e., translation equivalents that overlap in form, e.g., lemon is limón in Spanish) facilitate language switches. Spanish-English bilinguals were cued to switch languages while repeatedly naming pictures with cognate versus noncognate names in separate (Experiment 1) or mixed (Experiments 2 and 3) blocks. In all 3 experiments, on the first presentation of each picture, cognates elicited significantly smaller switch costs and were produced faster than noncognates only on switch trials...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280363/integrative-taxonomy-of-leptonetela-spiders-araneae-leptonetidae-with-descriptions-of-46-new-species
#16
Chun-Xia Wang, Xin Xu, Shu-Qiang Li
Extreme environments, such as subterranean habitats, are suspected to be responsible for morphologically inseparable cryptic or sibling species and can bias biodiversity assessment. A DNA barcode is a short, standardized DNA sequence used for taxonomic purposes and has the potential to lessen the challenges presented by a biotic inventory. Here, we investigate the diversity of the genus Leptonetela Kratochvíl, 1978 that is endemic to karst systems in Eurasia using DNA barcoding. We analyzed 624 specimens using one mitochondrial gene fragment ( COI )...
November 18, 2017: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229939/synaesthesia-type-associations-and-perceptual-changes-induced-by-hypnotic-suggestion
#17
Sakari Kallio, Mika Koivisto, Johanna K Kaakinen
Are synaesthetic experiences congenital and so hard-wired, or can a functional analogue be created? We induced an equivalent of form-colour synaesthesia using hypnotic suggestions in which symbols in an array (circles, crosses, squares) were suggested always to have a certain colour. In a Stroop type-naming task, three of the four highly hypnotizable participants showed a strong synaesthesia-type association between symbol and colour. This was verified both by their subjective reports and objective eye-movement behaviour...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228171/gene-graphics-a-genomic-neighborhood-data-visualization-web-application
#18
Katherine J Harrison, Valérie de Crécy-Lagard, Rémi Zallot
Summary: The examination of gene neighborhood is an integral part of comparative genomics but no tools to produce publication quality graphics of gene clusters are available. Gene Graphics is a straightforward web application for creating such visuals. Supported inputs include National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) gene and protein identifiers with automatic fetching of neighboring information, GenBank files and data extracted from the SEED database. Gene representations can be customized for many parameters including gene and genome names, colors and sizes...
December 7, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157996/longitudinal-interactions-between-brain-and-cognitive-measures-on-reading-development-from-6-months-to-14-years
#19
Kaisa Lohvansuu, Jarmo A Hämäläinen, Leena Ervast, Heikki Lyytinen, Paavo H T Leppänen
Dyslexia is a neurobiological disorder impairing learning to read. Brain responses of infants at genetic risk for dyslexia are abnormal already at birth, and associations from infant speech perception to preschool cognitive skills and reading in early school years have been documented, but there are no studies showing predicting power until adolescence. Here we show that in at-risk infants, brain activation to pseudowords at left hemisphere predicts 44% of reading speed at 14 years, and even improves the prediction after taking into account neurocognitive preschool measures of letter naming, phonology, and verbal short-term memory...
January 8, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083215/knowing-applying-and-reasoning-about-arithmetic-roles-of-domain-general-and-numerical-skills-in-multiple-domains-of-arithmetic-learning
#20
Xiao Zhang, Pekka Räsänen, Tuire Koponen, Kaisa Aunola, Marja-Kristiina Lerkkanen, Jari-Erik Nurmi
The longitudinal relations of domain-general and numerical skills at ages 6-7 years to 3 cognitive domains of arithmetic learning, namely knowing (written computation), applying (arithmetic word problems), and reasoning (arithmetic reasoning) at age 11, were examined for a representative sample of 378 Finnish children. The results showed that domain-general skills, including spatial visualization, language, rapid automatized naming, and working memory, contributed independently to arithmetic learning. These relations were mostly mediated via basic number competence (i...
December 2017: Developmental Psychology
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