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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222337/assessment-of-dental-plaque-coverage-by-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence-qlf-in-domestic-short-haired-cats
#1
Zoe V Marshall-Jones, Corrin V Wallis, Judi M Allsopp, Alison Colyer, Ian J Davis, Lucy J Holcombe
Dietary means of reducing plaque and calculus deposits are frequently sought for the maintenance of oral health in cats and dogs. In the development of such products sensitive, reliable, reproducible methods of measuring plaque and calculus are key. The aim of this study was to assess Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF™) for the detection of dental plaque coverage in cats compared to the modified Logan and Boyce technique. The techniques were utilised in a crossover study, which compared two diets for their effect on plaque deposition in a cohort of 24 adult cats...
February 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222225/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-vs-conventional-photodynamic-therapy-as-skin-cancer-preventive-treatment-in-patients-with-face-and-scalp-cancerization-an-intra-individual-comparison-study
#2
Elena Sotiriou, Demetrios Ioannides, Fotini Vrani, Elizabeth Lazaridou, Efstratios Vakirlis, Aimilios Lallas, Zoe Apalla
BACKGROUND: Individuals with medical history of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) usually develop multiple and/or recurrent malignant lesions around the site of the primary neoplasm. The latter represents the clinical expression of the "field cancerization" theory; supporting the presence of multiple malignant clones of dysplastic keratinocytes over the entire epithelium that potentially can progress into clinical lesions. Taking into consideration that the burden of NMSCs on public health and health-care cost is high, adequate control of recurrences and management of field change is challenging...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220516/risk-factors-for-suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-relevant-to-emergency-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review-of-post-2007-reviews
#3
Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara
Suicide is a global public health problem, and with recent economic and societal changes, there may be emerging risk factors unrecognized by health care professionals. The aim of this systematic review was to update existing suicide risk factor literature applicable to emergency health care settings. A total of 35 articles identified from PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Medline met the inclusion criteria. Results supported the significance of existing suicide risk factors and identified emerging risk factors. The review provides a high-quality update of risk factor literature that could be applied to emergency health care settings; however, further research is needed to confirm emerging risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218636/lobular-distribution-and-variability-in-hepatic-atp-binding-cassette-protein-b1-abcb1-p-gp-ontogenetic-differences-and-potential-for-toxicity
#4
Ngu Njei Abanda, Zoe Riches, Abby C Collier
The ATP Binding Cassette B1 (ABCB1) transporter has critical roles in endo- and xenobiotic efficacy and toxicity. To understand population variability in hepatic transport we determined ABCB1 mRNA and protein levels in total liver lysates sampled from 8 pre-defined sites (n = 24, 18-69 years), and in S9 from randomly acquired samples (n = 87, 7 days-87 years). ABCB1 levels did not differ significantly throughout individual livers and showed 4.4-fold protein variation between subjects. Neither mRNA nor protein levels varied with sex, ethnicity, obesity or triglycerides in lysates or S9 (that showed the same relationships), but protein levels were lower in pediatric S9 (p < 0...
February 17, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214406/advancing-access-and-equity-the-vision-of-a-new-generation-in-cancer-control
#5
André M Ilbawi, Elizabeth Ayoo, Afsan Bhadelia, Runcie C W Chidebe, Temidayo Fadelu, Cristian A Herrera, Han Win Htun, Nauman Arif Jadoon, Oluwafunmilola W James, Leana May, Mauricio Maza, Mellany Murgor, Yetty M Nency, Chukwuma Oraegbunam, Mandi Pratt-Chapman, Xiaojian Qin, Danielle Rodin, Neha Tripathi, Zoe Wainer, Mei Ling Yap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212904/level-of-agreement-between-forearm-and-upper-arm-blood-pressure-measurements-in-patients-with-large-arm-circumference
#6
Sheri Watson, Marita Aguas, Pat Colegrove, Nancy Foisy, Bonnie Jondahl, Zoe Anastas
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine if forearm blood pressures (BPs) measured in three different locations agree with the recommended upper arm location for noninvasive BP measurement. DESIGN: A method-comparison design was used. METHODS: In a convenience sample of postanesthesia care unit patients with large upper arm circumference, BP's were obtained in three different forearm locations (lower forearm, middle forearm, and upper forearm) and compared to upper arm BP using an automated BP measuring device...
February 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209385/a-comparison-of-the-pro-angiogenic-potential-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-endothelial-cells-and-induced-endothelial-cells-in-a-murine-model-of-peripheral-arterial-disease
#7
Zoe E Clayton, Gloria S C Yuen, Sara Sadeghipour, Jack D Hywood, Jack W T Wong, Ngan F Huang, Martin K C Ng, John P Cooke, Sanjay Patel
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cells derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-ECs) promote angiogenesis, and more recently induced endothelial cells (iECs) have been generated via fibroblast trans-differentiation. These cell types have potential as treatments for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, it is unknown whether different reprogramming methods produce cells that are equivalent in terms of their pro-angiogenic capabilities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to directly compare iPSC-ECs and iECs in an animal model of PAD, in order to identify which cell type, if any, displays superior therapeutic potential...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208779/proof-of-concept-of-integrated-load-measurement-in-3d-printed-structures
#8
Michaël Hinderdael, Zoé Jardon, Margot Lison, Dieter De Baere, Wim Devesse, Maria Strantza, Patrick Guillaume
Currently, research on structural health monitoring systems is focused on direct integration of the system into a component or structure. The latter results in a so-called smart structure. One example of a smart structure is a component with integrated strain sensing for continuous load monitoring. Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, now also enables such integration of functions inside components. As a proof-of-concept, the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) technique was used to integrate a strain sensing element inside polymer (ABS) tensile test samples...
February 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208707/gaitkeeper-a-system-for-measuring-canine-gait
#9
Cassim Ladha, Jack O'Sullivan, Zoe Belshaw, Lucy Asher
It is understood gait has the potential to be used as a window into neurodegenerative disorders, identify markers of subclinical pathology, inform diagnostic algorithms of disease progression and measure the efficacy of interventions. Dogs' gaits are frequently assessed in a veterinary setting to detect signs of lameness. Despite this, a reliable, affordable and objective method to assess lameness in dogs is lacking. Most described canine lameness assessments are subjective, unvalidated and at high risk of bias...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203069/the-pharmacological-cost-of-copd-during-greek-economic-crisis
#10
Eirini Stafyla, Theodora Kerenidi, Irini Gerogianni, Mary Geitona, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
INTRODUCTION: The economic crisis in Greece has substantially affected patients with COPD. The reduction of disposable income has its consequences on patients' ability to afford their medication. The aim of the study is to evaluate the cost of treatment for patients with COPD and the influence of the financial crisis to the patients. METHODS: Data were collected from 189 patients (male: 178, mean age: 70.1±8.4) who visited the outpatient department of University Hospital of Larissa in 2014 and 2015...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202739/anti-hmgcr-autoantibodies-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-identify-a-rare-but-clinically-important-subset-of-patients
#11
Sarah L Tansley, Zoe E Betteridge, Stefania Simou, Thomas S Jacques, Clarissa Pilkington, Mark Wood, Kishore Warrier, Lucy R Wedderburn, Neil J McHugh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to establish the prevalence and clinical associations of anti-HMG-CoA-reductase (anti-HMGCR) in a large UK cohort with juvenile myositis. METHODS: There were 381 patients investigated for anti-HMGCR using ELISA. RESULTS: Anti-HMGCR autoantibodies were detected in 4 patients (1%). These children had no or minimal rash and significant muscle disease. Muscle biopsies were considered distinctive, with widespread variation in fiber size, necrotic fibers, and chronic inflammatory cell infiltrates; all had prolonged elevation of creatine kinase and all ultimately received biologic therapies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202251/high-incidence-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-positive-cultures-among-adolescent-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Zoé Cavalli, Quitterie Reynaud, Romain Bricca, Raphaële Nove-Josserand, Stéphane Durupt, Philippe Reix, Marie Perceval, Michèle Pérouse de Montclos, Gérard Lina, Isabelle Durieu
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prevalence of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)-positive cultures among our cystic fibrosis (CF) center patients, reviewed risk factors for NTM positivity, and determined its impact on lung function evolution. METHODS: From 2009 to 2014, CF adults and children attending the CF center of Lyon (France) and having at least one positive NTM isolate were included. Each case was matched by age and gender with two CF patients with no NTM isolate (controls)...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202058/erratum-to-voluntary-resistance-wheel-exercise-from-mid-life-prevents-sarcopenia-and-increases-markers-of-mitochondrial-function-and-autophagy-in-muscles-of-old-male-and-female-c57bl-6j-mice
#13
Zoe White, Jessica Terrill, Robert B White, Christopher McMahon, Phillip Sheard, Miranda D Grounds, Tea Shavlakadze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197680/effect-of-a-condolence-letter-on-grief-symptoms-among-relatives-of-patients-who-died-in-the-icu-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Benoît Champigneulle, Marina Thirion, Virginie Souppart, Marion Gilbert, Olivier Lesieur, Anne Renault, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Laurent Argaud, Marion Venot, Alexandre Demoule, Olivier Guisset, Isabelle Vinatier, Gilles Troché, Julien Massot, Samir Jaber, Caroline Bornstain, Véronique Gaday, René Robert, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Raphaël Cinotti, Mélanie Adda, François Thomas, Laure Calvet, Marion Galon, Zoé Cohen-Solal, Alain Cariou, Elie Azoulay
PURPOSE: Family members of patients who die in the intensive care unit (ICU) may experience symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and/or prolonged grief. We evaluated whether grief symptoms were alleviated if the physician and the nurse in charge at the time of death sent the closest relative a handwritten condolence letter. METHODS: Multicenter randomized trial conducted among 242 relatives of patients who died at 22 ICUs in France between December 2014 and October 2015...
February 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196641/research-misconduct-and-the-intergrowth-21st-study
#15
Richard Horton, Sabine Kleinert, Sarah Linklater, Zoë Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196628/research-misconduct-and-the-intergrowth-21st-study
#16
Richard Horton, Sabine Kleinert, Sarah Linklater, Zoë Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195044/research-misconduct-and-the-intergrowth-21st-study
#17
Richard Horton, Sabine Kleinert, Sarah Linklater, Zoë Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193787/erratum-high-density-lipoproteins-rescue-diabetes-impaired-angiogenesis-via-scavenger-receptor-class-b-type-i-diabetes-2016-65-3091-3103
#18
Joanne T M Tan, Hamish C G Prosser, Louise L Dunn, Laura Z Vanags, Anisyah Ridiandries, Tania Tsatralis, Laura Leece, Zoë E Clayton, Sui Ching G Yuen, Stacy Robertson, Yuen Ting Lam, David S Celermajer, Martin K C Ng, Christina A Bursill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192017/technology-and-pregnancy
#19
Eran Hadar, Zoe A Stewart, Moshe Hod, Helen R Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191885/molecular-definition-of-a-metastatic-lung-cancer-state-reveals-a-targetable-cd109-janus-kinase-stat-axis
#20
Chen-Hua Chuang, Peyton G Greenside, Zoë N Rogers, Jennifer J Brady, Dian Yang, Rosanna K Ma, Deborah R Caswell, Shin-Heng Chiou, Aidan F Winters, Barbara M Grüner, Gokul Ramaswami, Andrew L Spencley, Kimberly E Kopecky, Leanne C Sayles, E Alejandro Sweet-Cordero, Jin Billy Li, Anshul Kundaje, Monte M Winslow
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, with the majority of mortality resulting from metastatic spread. However, the molecular mechanism by which cancer cells acquire the ability to disseminate from primary tumors, seed distant organs, and grow into tissue-destructive metastases remains incompletely understood. We combined tumor barcoding in a mouse model of human lung adenocarcinoma with unbiased genomic approaches to identify a transcriptional program that confers metastatic ability and predicts patient survival...
February 13, 2017: Nature Medicine
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