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chronic low back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211797/effects-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model-on-back-muscle-endurance-physical-function-and-pain-in-rice-farmers-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Thanakorn Thanawat, Nomjit Nualnetr
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) can be managed by exercises which should be tailored to an individual's readiness to behavioral change. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an intervention program based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavioral change (TTM) on back muscle endurance, physical function and pain in rice farmers with chronic LBP. METHODS: In a 32-week study, 126 rice farmers were allocated to the TTM (n= 62) and non-TTM (n= 64) groups...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210742/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-174-l5-vertebral-superior-facet-osteoblastoma-ob
#2
Manickam Subramanian, Hong Chou, Kabilan Chokkappan, Wilfred Cg Peh
A 25-year-old man presented with chronic low back pain and occasional radiation to the right lower limb. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine showed an osteolytic expansile lesion with a central sclerotic nidus in the right superior facet of the L5 vertebra and surrounding marrow oedema. The diagnosis of osteoblastoma was made based on imaging findings and confirmed after CT-guided biopsy. Radiofrequency ablation of the lesion was successfully performed. The patient tolerated the procedure well and showed symptomatic relief...
February 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207662/expression-of-mirna-124a-in-cd4-cells-reflects-response-to-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-program-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Benjamin Luchting, Jens Heyn, Ludwig Christian Hinske, Shahnaz Christina Azad
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of microRNA (miRNA) expression in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pain- and T cell-related miRNAs are differentially expressed in CLBP when compared with healthy volunteers and whether these miRNAs may distinguish between responders and nonresponders to a multidisciplinary treatment program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CLBP is a common health problem worldwide...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205378/chronic-low-back-pain-and-its-association-with-lumbar-vertebrae-and-intervertebral-disc-changes-in-adults-a-case-control-study
#4
Aranjan L Karunanayake, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Lalith S Wijayaratne
AIM: This study was done to determine the association between chronic low back pain and vertebral fractures, intervertebral disc space (IDS) narrowing, vertebral osteophytes and spondylolisthesis among adults. METHOD: This case control study was done in Sri Lanka. Cases were patients with low back pain and controls were without low back pain. Postero-anterior and lateral radiographs of lumbar sacral spine of both groups were studied. To detect vertebral fractures in fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae, anterior and posterior heights of vertebrae were measured using a Vernier caliper and antero-posterior ratio (A/P) was calculated...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#5
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196244/two-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-vs-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-usual-care-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Daniel C Cherkin, Melissa L Anderson, Karen J Sherman, Benjamin H Balderson, Andrea J Cook, Kelly E Hansen, Judith A Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#7
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192791/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192790/systemic-pharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#9
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed pharmacologic options for low back pain. New evidence and medications have now become available. Purpose: To review the current evidence on systemic pharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through November 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#10
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187104/placebo-and-chronic-low-back-pain-too-much-in-way-of-expectations-too-little-in-terms-of-data
#11
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186946/gabapentinoids-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Harsha Shanthanna, Ian Gilron, Lehana Thabane, Philip J Devereaux, Mohit Bhandari, Rizq AlAmri, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Sriganesh Kamath
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common condition and causes significant pain, distress and disability across the world. It is multifactorial in aetiology and is challenging to manage. Although the underlying mechanism of pain is predominantly non-specific, many argue that there is a substantial neuropathic pain element. Neuropathic pain is more severe, with significant disability. Gabapentinoids, including gabapentin and pregabalin, have proven efficacy in some neuropathic pain conditions...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185319/gabapentenoids-in-pain-management-in-urological-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-gabapentin-or-pregabalin
#13
Mayank Mohan Agarwal, Mudelin Elsi Sy
AIMS: To compare efficacy of gabapentin and pregabalin in patients with urological chronic pelvic-pain syndrome (UCPPS). METHODS: Design-retrospective, setting-urology outpatient services of a secondary-care private hospital, inclusion criteria-men 18-50 years, presenting with pelvic pain (lower abdomen, groin, scrotum, perineum, low-back, hip) with or without lower urinary tract symptoms for at least 3 months duration. Hospital database was searched using keywords for neuropathic pain (ICD9-729...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185300/whole-body-vibration-training-as-a-workplace-based-sports-activity-for-employees-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#14
Tobias S Kaeding, Annika Karch, Rebecca Schwarz, Tatjana Flor, Torge-Christian Wittke, Momme Kück, Georg Böselt, Uwe Tegtbur, Lothar Stein
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this randomized and controlled study is to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training is able to reduce back pain and physical disability in seated working office employees with chronic low-back pain in a real-world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 subjects (68.3% female/mean age 45.5 ± 9.1 years/mean BMI 26.6 ± 5.2) were randomly allocated to an intervention group (INT (n= 21)) or a control group (CON (n=20). The INT participated in WBV training 2...
February 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183502/a-27-year-old-man-with-acute-severe-low-back-pain-and-bilateral-leg-swelling-that-prompted-renting-a-wheelchair-for-mobility
#15
John G Williams, Huy Phan, Helena R Winston, Randolph V Fugit, Bridget Graney, Brant Jamroz, Benjamin English, Edward D Chan
A 27-year-old man with OSA, posttraumatic stress disorder, and chronic mechanical back pain presented with a 3-day history of acute atraumatic worsening of his low back pain as well as right groin numbness that was exacerbated by walking. He also complained of bilateral leg "heaviness," pain, and swelling, all becoming so severe that he rented a wheelchair for mobility.
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183360/fat-mass-and-fat-distribution-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-intensity-and-disability-results-from-a-cohort-study
#16
Sultana Monira Hussain, Donna M Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano, Anita E Wluka, Flavia M Cicuttini
BACKGROUND: Determining the association between body composition and low back pain (LBP) will improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which obesity affects LBP, and inform novel approaches to managing LBP. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition and LBP intensity and disability. METHODS: A total of 5058 participants (44% men) of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were assessed for LBP intensity and disability using the Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire (2013-2014)...
February 10, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#17
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178092/a-randomized-comparison-between-ultrasound-and-fluoroscopy-guided-sacral-lateral-branch-blocks
#18
Roderick J Finlayson, John-Paul B Etheridge, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Atikun Thonnagith, Frederick De Villiers, Bill Nelems, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized trial compared ultrasound (US)- and fluoroscopy-guided sacral lateral branch (SLB) blocks. We hypothesized that US would require a shorter performance time. METHODS: Forty patients who required unilateral sacral lateral branch blocks for chronic low back pain were randomized to US or fluoroscopy guidance. Before the performance of the assigned block, an investigator who was not involved in patient care carried out baseline analgesic testing...
February 6, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176921/increased-local-expressions-of-cx3cl1-and-ccl2-are-related-to-clinical-severity-in-lumbar-disk-herniation-patients-with-sciatic-pain
#19
Zhen-Yu Peng, Rui Chen, Zuo-Zhong Fang, Bin Chen, Zhi-Hua Wang, Xi-Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Chemokines have been identified to be involved in the modulation of pain through both peripheral and central mechanisms. However, the role of chemokines in lumbar disk herniation (LDH) with sciatic pain remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The current study was performed to explore the expression of two most commonly studied chemokines CX3CL1 and CCL2 and assess their associations with clinical severity in LDH patients with sciatic pain. METHODS: The soft tissues around nerve root (STANR), annulus fibrosus (AF), and nucleus pulposus (NP) biopsies were obtained from 36 LDH patients with chronic sciatic pain and 10 scoliosis patients (painless controls)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174456/the-effects-of-forced-breathing-exercise-on-the-lumbar-stabilization-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#20
Chul Ki, Myoung Heo, Hwang-Yong Kim, Eun-Jeong Kim
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of forced breathing exercise on the trunk functions of chronic low back pain patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into groups of respiratory effort and trunk stabilization exercises. The exercises were performed for 45 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Spinal stabilization was measured as the compensation of thesagittal angle joint in relation to the lumbar external load. [Results] After the intervention, the forced breathing and stabilization exercise groups showed a significant difference in lumbar spine stabilization between the first and second stress tests and the control group also showed a significant difference after the intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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