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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793120/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-with-children-participating-on-youth-club-sport-teams
#1
Eric G Post, Nicole E Green, Daniel A Schaefer, Stephanie M Trigsted, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, David R Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the socioeconomic status, measured by household income and educational attainment, of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Local sport events. PARTICIPANTS: 949 parents (571 female) of youth athletes between 10 and 18 years old were recruited at club team events and practices to complete an anonymous questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SES variables included total household income (THI) and educational attainment...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791947/global-burden-of-stroke
#2
Mira Katan, Andreas Luft
Stroke is the second leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. Its incidence is increasing because the population ages. In addition, more young people are affected by stroke in low- and middle-income countries. Ischemic stroke is more frequent but hemorrhagic stroke is responsible for more deaths and disability-adjusted life-years lost. Incidence and mortality of stroke differ between countries, geographical regions, and ethnic groups. In high-income countries mainly, improvements in prevention, acute treatment, and neurorehabilitation have led to a substantial decrease in the burden of stroke over the past 30 years...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791944/the-global-burden-of-headache
#3
Deanna Saylor, Timothy J Steiner
At the turn of the century, most of the world's population lived in regions where the prevalence of headache was unknown and its impact poorly understood. Lifting The Burden (LTB), a nonprofit organization in official relations with the World Health Organization, established the Global Campaign against Headache, with the ultimate purpose of reducing the burden of headache worldwide. First, the scope and scale of this burden had to be known. LTB embarked upon a program of population-based studies in countries in all world regions in order to achieve its aim...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791942/emerging-viral-infections-and-their-impact-on-the-global-burden-of-neurological-disease
#4
Laura S Muñoz, Maria A Garcia, Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Beatriz Parra, Carlos A Pardo
Emerging viral infections of the nervous system represent a major global public health concern in the 21st century. They are caused primarily by RNA viruses and are mostly associated with acute or subacute encephalitis. The spectrum of associated central or peripheral nervous system disorders is broad, and results either from a direct viral effect or due to the host immune responses against the infection. Emerging viral infections impose substantial neurological morbidity and mortality, particularly in low- and middle-income regions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791745/nursing-as-a-pathway-to-women-s-empowerment-and-inter-generational-mobility
#5
Sharon Brownie, Abdul Haq Wahedna, Nigel Crisp
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of nursing education on the intergenerational mobility of graduates of nursing upskilling programs. BACKGROUND: Challenges for low and middle-income countries include poverty and limited access to health, education, and social services compounded by workforce shortages, inequality, and female disempowerment. Little is known about the impact of nursing education on women's empowerment and intergenerational mobility in such settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791741/diffusing-and-scaling-evidence-based-interventions-eight-lessons-for-early-child-development-from-the-implementation-of-perinatal-home-visiting-in-south-africa
#6
Mark Tomlinson, Xanthe Hunt, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Most low- and middle-income countries lack resources with which to implement public health programs. As such, there is a necessity to facilitate programing that judiciously makes use of what resources there are. However, despite evidence for the efficacy of many interventions, translating these into real-world effectiveness, and then into scalability, is complex and has often been neglected. We draw on a case study of Philani+ (a maternal and child health intervention implemented in South Africa) to distil eight features of health programing that aid intervention effectiveness...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791736/program-to-improve-private-early-education-pipe-a-case-study-of-a-systems-approach-for-scaling-quality-early-education-solutions
#7
Vikram Jain, Ahmed Irfan, Gauri Kirtane Vanikar
FSG is a mission-driven nonprofit organization supporting leaders in creating large-scale, lasting social change. A survey conducted by FSG in 2015 across 4407 low-income families in urban India showed that 95% of them send their children to preschools, a majority of choosing affordable private preschools (APSs), as parents perceive the quality of government schools to be poor. Parents use and value rote-based methods (e.g., reciting poems) to assess their children's learning in school; however, these methods fail to measure conceptual understanding...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791734/implementing-aeiotu-quality-improvement-alongside-an-efficacy-study-learning-while-growing
#8
Milagros Nores, Alexandra Figueras-Daniel, Maria Adelaida Lopez, Raquel Bernal
Effectiveness trials of increasing childhood development interventions across low- and middle-income countries have shown significant variability. The strength and consistency of benefits for children are dependent on program quality, and this requires paying attention to program implementation. In this paper, we summarize findings on program quality and teacher practices and perceptions for the aeioTU program, a center-based Reggio-inspired program in Colombia, now serving more than 13,000 children. The research found engaged, committed staff who valued the emergent approach and understood the children as requiring opportunities to express themselves, being the source for the curriculum, and having relationships with the materials around them...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791729/implementation-of-reach-up-early-childhood-parenting-program-acceptability-appropriateness-and-feasibility-in-brazil-and-zimbabwe
#9
Joanne A Smith, Helen Baker-Henningham, Alexandra Brentani, Rose Mugweni, Susan P Walker
Young children need nurturing care, which includes responsive caregiver-child interactions and opportunities to learn. However, there are few extant large-scale programs that build parents' abilities to provide this. We have developed an early childhood parenting training package, called Reach Up, with the aim of providing an evidence-based, adaptable program that is feasible for low-resource settings. Implementation of Reach Up was evaluated in Brazil and Zimbabwe to inform modifications needed and identify challenges that implementers and delivery agents encountered...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791726/building-capacity-in-health-and-education-systems-to-deliver-interventions-that-strengthen-early-child-development
#10
Milagros Nores, Camila Fernandez
Building capacity within health and education systems of low- and middle-income countries in order to deliver high-quality early childhood services requires coordinated efforts across sectors, effective governance, sufficient funding, an adequate workforce, reliable data systems, and continuous monitoring, evaluation, and improvement cycles; it also requires partnerships with the private sector, communities, and parents. In addition, building capacity requires leadership, innovation of strategies to fit into existing structures, evidence-based intervention models, and effective partnerships that help make interventions more culturally relevant, help finance them, and help create institutional long-term support and sustainability for them...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791644/temporal-analysis-of-the-functional-status-of-older-people-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#11
Fabiana Ferraz Queiroga Freitas, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Isadora Queiroz Correa Garchet Furtado, Aline da Rocha Kallás Fernandes, Sônia Maria Soares
OBJECTIVE: To verify the profile and the functional status of older people living in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, from a temporal perspective. METHOD: This was a descriptive study with secondary analysis of data from the Health Indicator and Aging Policy Monitoring system (SISAP-Idoso - Sistema de Indicadores de Saúde e Acompanhamento de Políticas do Idoso) between 2000 and 2010. RESULTS: Over the analyzed period, there was a growth of older women, people older than 85 years, residents of urban areas, older people who live alone and who are not responsible for the household...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791501/stillbirths-in-urban-guinea-bissau-a-hospital-and-community-based-study
#12
Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Najaaraq Lund, Anne Sofie Pinstrup Joergensen, Frida Starup Jepsen, Holger Werner Unger, Mama Mane, Amabelia Rodrigues, Staffan Bergström, Christine Stabell Benn
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth rates remain high in many low-income settings, with fresh (intrapartum) stillbirths accounting for a large part due to limited obstetrical care. We aimed to determine the stillbirth rate and identify potentially modifiable factors associated with stillbirth in urban Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: The study was carried out by the Bandim Health Project (BHP), a Health and Demographic Surveillance System site in the capital Bissau. We assessed stillbirth rates in a hospital cohort consisting of all deliveries at the maternity ward at the National Hospital Simão Mendes (HNSM), and in a community cohort, which only included women from the BHP area...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791441/the-impact-of-young-maternal-age-at-birth-on-neonatal-mortality-evidence-from-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Sarah Neal, Andrew Amos Channon, Jesman Chintsanya
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the impact of early motherhood on neonatal mortality, and how this differs between countries and regions. It assesses whether the risk of neonatal mortality is greater for younger adolescent mothers compared with mothers in later adolescence, and explores if differences reflect confounding socio-economic and health care utilisation factors. It also examines how the risks differ for first or subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: The analysis uses 64 Demographic and Health Surveys collected between 2005 and 2015 from 45 countries to explore the relationship between adolescent motherhood (disaggregated as <16 years, 16/17 years and 18/19 years) and neonatal mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791156/ab-initio-potential-energy-surfaces-of-c-3-collision-with-proton-and-quantum-dynamics-of-rotational-transition
#14
Sanchit Chhabra, Thogluva Janardhanan Dhilip Kumar
New ab initio potential energy surfaces have been generated for ground state and low-lying excited states of H+ + C3 system using the multi-reference conguration interaction (MRCI) method with Dunning's augmented correlation consistent polarized valence quadruple zeta (aug-cc-pVQZ) basis sets. The ground state and low-lying excited states show avoided crossing indicating non-adiabatic coupling. The anisotropy of the ground state surface has been analyzed by computing the multipolar expansion coefficients with the frozen C-C equilibrium bond length...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790842/reviewing-the-who-guidelines-for-antibiotic-use-for-sepsis-in-neonates-and-children
#15
Aline Fuchs, Julia Bielicki, Shrey Mathur, Mike Sharland, Johannes N Van Den Anker
Background Guidelines from 2005 for treating suspected sepsis in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) recommended hospitalisation and prophylactic intramuscular (IM) or intravenous (IV) ampicillin and gentamicin. In 2015, recommendations when referral to hospital is not possible suggest the administration of IM gentamicin and oral amoxicillin. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, an updated review of the appropriate empirical therapy for treating sepsis (taking into account susceptibility patterns, cost and risk of adverse events) in neonates and children is necessary...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790831/informal-recyclers-health-inequities-in-vancouver-bc
#16
Josie Wittmer, Kate Parizeau
We explore informal recyclers' perceptions and experiences of the social determinants of health in Vancouver, Canada, and investigate the factors that contribute to the environmental health inequities they experience. Based on in-depth interviews with 40 informal recyclers and 7 key informants, we used a social determinants of health framework to detail the health threats that informal recyclers associated with their work and the factors that influenced their access to health-related resources and services...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790826/free-clinics-and-the-need-for-nursing-action-in-uncertain-political-times
#17
Marie Ghazal, Betty Rambur
Free clinics have been a source of health care for uninsured and low-income Americans for half a century and serve some of the nation's most vulnerable within their home community. Despite parallels to nursing's significant involvement in the formation of free public clinics and commitment to care for all, there is paucity of nursing literature about free clinics. This article details the history of U.S. free clinics and the intersections among free clinics and value-based care, health reform, and tax reform, including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790815/maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-children-s-adhd-diagnosis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#18
Lauren Okano, Yuelong Ji, Anne W Riley, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of mothers' psychosocial stressors before and during pregnancy with their children's diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study included 2140 mother-child pairs who had at least one postnatal pediatric visit at the Boston Medical Center between 2003 and 2015. Child ADHD was determined via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes documented in electronic medical records...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790462/negligible-import-of-enteric-pathogens-by-newly-arrived-asylum-seekers-and-no-impact-on-incidence-of-notified-salmonella-and-shigella-infections-and-outbreaks-in-rhineland-palatinate-germany-january-2015-to-may-2016
#19
Lutz Ehlkes, Maja George, Donald Knautz, Florian Burckhardt, Klaus Jahn, Manfred Vogt, Philipp Zanger
IntroductionThe 2015 refugee crisis raised concerns about an import of infectious diseases affecting the German population. Aims: To evaluate public and individual health benefits of stool screening, and explore whether importation of enteric pathogens by newly-arrived asylum seekers impacts on the host population. Methods : We used data from mandatory stool screening to determine the overall, age, sex, and country-specific prevalence of enteric bacteria and helminths. We used surveillance data to assess whether the number of incoming asylum seekers influenced notifications of salmonellosis and shigellosis in Rhineland-Palatinate...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790199/relationship-between-cumulative-ultraviolet-exposure-and-cognitive-function-in-a-rural-elderly-chinese-population
#20
Shimeng Xin, Dechun Luan, Xue Wang, Fang Wang, Yang Liu, Qian Gao
OBJECTIVES: Some researchers have focused on the relationship between vitamin D and cognition, but the conclusions are inconsistent. We estimated cumulative UV exposure could be used to represent the individual's long-term vitamin D status and investigated its association with global cognitive function in elderly Chinese. METHODS: A total of 641 participants aged 60 years and over were recruited in a rural area of Shenyang, China. All were interviewed to obtain data regarding sociodemographic characteristics and time spent outdoors...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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