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Jessica L Booth, Emily E Sharpe, Timothy T Houle, Lynnette Harris, Regina S Curry, Carol A Aschenbrenner, James C Eisenach
We know very little about the change in pain in the first 2 months after surgery. To address this gap, we studied 530 women scheduled for elective cesarean delivery who completed daily pain diaries for two months after surgery via text messaging. Over 82% of subjects missed fewer than 10 diary entries and were included in the analysis. Completers were more likely to be Caucasian, non-smokers, and with fewer previous pregnancies than non-completers. Daily worst pain intensity ratings for the previous 24 hours were fit to a log(time) function and allowed to change to a different function up to 3 times according to a Bayesian criterion...
June 13, 2018: Pain
Justin A Pruneski
Overcoming the complex and technical language used in science is a major barrier to scientists being able to communicate their work with the general public. This can lead to misunderstanding and mistrust of science, with many negative consequences. Scientists are increasingly seeking to improve their ability to communicate their work effectively with a variety of audiences. As such, students should recognize the challenges and importance of communicating science with nonscientists. This short classroom activity takes advantage of a free, web-based tool, called Simple Writer (https://xkcd...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Nini H Jonkman, Kimberley S van Schooten, Andrea B Maier, Mirjam Pijnappels
eHealth solutions are increasingly being applied to deliver interventions for promoting an active lifestyle in the general population but also in older people. Objective assessment of daily physical activity (PA) is essential to accurately and reliably evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions. This review presents an overview of eHealth interventions that focus on promoting PA in community-dwelling older people, and discusses the methods used to objectively assess PA, and the effectiveness of the eHealth interventions in increasing PA...
July 2018: Maturitas
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a cognitive rehearsal intervention on nursing students' self-efficacy to respond effectively to disruptive behaviors. DESIGN: This quantitative study was part of a longitudinal, quasi-experimental program of research. SETTING: Interventions were conducted on site at facilities provided by participating pre-licensure nursing programs. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 129 nursing students enrolled in their final academic year in three traditional format, pre-licensure nursing programs in the Midwestern United States were recruited to participate in this study...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Brett C Bade, J Madison Hyer, Benjamin T Bevill, Alex Pastis, Alana M Rojewski, Benjamin A Toll, Gerard A Silvestri
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is a potential therapy to improve quality of life in patients with advanced-stage lung cancer (LC), but no PA regimen has been shown to be beneficial, clinically practical, and sustainable. We sought to test the hypothesis that a patient-centered activity regimen (PCAR) will improve patient participation and PA more effectively than weekly phone calls. METHODS: In patients with advanced-stage LC, we implemented a walking-based activity regimen and motivated patients via either weekly phone calls (n = 29; FitBit Zip accelerometer) or PCAR (n = 15; FitBit Flex, an educational session, and twice-daily gain-framed text messages)...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Wei Wang, Qiong Wu, Ye Li, Robert W Scherpbier, Xiaozhen Du, Li Chen, Yanfeng Zhang, Josip Car, Igor Rudan
Background: To compare text messaging and face-to-face interviews to conduct a survey on childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia. Methods: Caregivers of young children able to send text messages in Zhao County in rural China were included in this crossover study. Villages (clusters) were randomized into two groups using the ratio 1:1.6 to account for an expected higher drop-out in group 2. In group 1, participants first completed the face-to-face and then text messaging survey; this order was reversed in group 2...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Jitendra Kumar Singh, Rajendra Kadel, Dilaram Acharya, Daniel Lombard, Saval Khanal, Shri Prakash Singh
BACKGROUND: Capacity development of health volunteers and text messaging to pregnant women through mobile phones have shown improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes and is associated with increased utilisation of MCH services. However, such interventions are uncommon in Nepal. We aim to carry out an intervention with the hypothesis that capacity building and text messaging intervention will increase the MCH service utilisation. METHOD/DESIGN: MATRI-SUMAN is a 12-month cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Rachel Kornfield, Prathusha K Sarma, Dhavan V Shah, Fiona McTavish, Gina Landucci, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Online discussion forums allow those in addiction recovery to seek help through text-based messages, including when facing triggers to drink or use drugs. Trained staff (or "moderators") may participate within these forums to offer guidance and support when participants are struggling but must expend considerable effort to continually review new content. Demands on moderators limit the scalability of evidence-based digital health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Automated identification of recovery problems could allow moderators to engage in more timely and efficient ways with participants who are struggling...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
João Firmino-Machado, Sofia Varela, Romeu Mendes, Amélia Moreira, Nuno Lunet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Pieter Coenen, Anne Smith, Peter Kent, Mark Harris, Steven J Linton, Glenn Pransky, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Leon Straker
Objectives Spinal (ie, back and neck) pain often develops as early as during adolescence and can set a trajectory for later life. However, whether early-life spinal-pain-related behavioral responses of missing school/work are predictive of future work absenteeism is yet unknown. We assessed the association of adolescent spinal-pain-related work or school absenteeism with early adulthood work absenteeism in a prospective population-based cohort. Methods Six year follow-up data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study were used (N=476; with a 54% response rate)...
June 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Mark T Buntaine, Ryan Jablonski, Daniel L Nielson, Paula M Pickering
Many politicians manipulate information to prevent voters from holding them accountable; however, mobile text messages may make it easier for nongovernmental organizations to credibly share information on official corruption that is difficult for politicians to counter directly. We test the potential for texts on budget management to improve democratic accountability by conducting a large ( n = 16,083) randomized controlled trial during the 2016 Ugandan district elections. In cooperation with a local partner, we compiled, simplified, and text-messaged official information on irregularities in local government budgets...
June 11, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lori A Bilello, William C Livingood, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Carmen Smotherman, Ulyee Choe
CONTEXT: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to be a major health problem and source of health disparities in the United States. With diminishing resources, public health agencies are challenged to limit inefficient STI practices and still maintain effective population health. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to implement a text-messaging strategy to convey STI test results and to assess whether texting positive results was associated with a shorter treatment time frame...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Georges E Khalil, Karen S Calabro, Brittani Crook, Tamara C Machado, Cheryl L Perry, Alexander V Prokhorov
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, young adults have the highest prevalence of tobacco use. The dissemination of mobile phone text messages is a growing strategy for tobacco risk communication among young adults. However, little has been done concerning the design and validation of such text messages. The Texas Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (Texas-TCORS) has developed a library of messages based on framing (gain- or loss-framed), depth (simple or complex) and appeal (emotional or rational)...
February 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Henry H Fischer, Susan L Moore, Tracy L Johnson, Rachel M Everhart, Holly Batal, Arthur J Davidsoni
Introduction: Short Message Service (SMS) appointment reminders may provide a wide-reaching, low cost approach to reducing operational inefficiencies and improving access to care. Previous studies indicate this modality may improve attendance rates, yet there is a need for large-scale, pragmatic studies that include unintended consequences and operational costs. Methods: This pragmatic investigation was a before-after analysis that compared visit attendance outcomes among patients who opted into SMS appointment reminders with outcomes among those who declined over an 18-month evaluation period from March 25, 2013, to September 30, 2014...
September 4, 2017: EGEMS
Xiaoyi Chen, Carole Faviez, Stéphane Schuck, Agnès Lillo-Le-Louët, Nathalie Texier, Badisse Dahamna, Charles Huot, Pierre Foulquié, Suzanne Pereira, Vincent Leroux, Pierre Karapetiantz, Armelle Guenegou-Arnoux, Sandrine Katsahian, Cédric Bousquet, Anita Burgun
Background: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) have recognized social media as a new data source to strengthen their activities regarding drug safety. Objective: Our objective in the ADR-PRISM project was to provide text mining and visualization tools to explore a corpus of posts extracted from social media. We evaluated this approach on a corpus of 21 million posts from five patient forums, and conducted a qualitative analysis of the data available on methylphenidate in this corpus...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Quinetta B Johnson, Diane C Berry
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been associated with multiple complications, including increase risk of gestational hypertension, cesarean delivery, macrosomia, stillbirth, and preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability of text messaging in women with GDM and further refine intervention materials and study procedures (recruitment, enrollment, intervention, retention, and data collection). METHODS: Nineteen women diagnosed with GDM completed a baseline demographic questionnaire followed by 4 weeks of daily text messages that included either a direct reminder to test their blood glucose levels and keep up with their treatment plan or an educational message...
June 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Rachel A Oldroyd, Michelle A Morris, Mark Birkin
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of monitoring foodborne illness are associated with problems of untimeliness and underreporting. In recent years, alternative data sources such as social media data have been used to monitor the incidence of disease in the population (infodemiology and infoveillance). These data sources prove timelier than traditional general practitioner data, they can help to fill the gaps in the reporting process, and they often include additional metadata that is useful for supplementary research...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Arwa Zahid, Marla Reicks
Positive beverage parenting practices may reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption by children and prevent potential health problems. An online newsletter/text message intervention was conducted with parents of children 6 to 12 years to improve beverage parenting practices. Newsletters and text messages were sent weekly over a 4-week period providing gain-framed messages encouraging parenting practices including role modeling and controlling home beverage availability. Pre-post surveys included measures of home availability of beverages and parent beverage intake as an indication of parenting practices...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Krisda H Chaiyachati, Roy Rosin, Judy A Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Lisa K Sharp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
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