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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925508/the-cost-effectiveness-of-oral-health-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-cost-utility-analyses
#1
Ruvini M Hettiarachchi, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Martin J Downes, Joshua Byrnes, Jeroen Kroon, Ratilal Lalloo, Newell W Johnson, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usage of cost-utility analysis (CUA) in oral health interventions and to evaluate the methods used and the reporting quality of CUA in publications on oral health interventions. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on literature published between 2000 and 2016 where cost-utility analyses of oral health interventions were included. The reporting quality of these oral health CUAs was assessed against the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist...
September 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922055/nance-horan-syndrome-in-females-due-to-a-balanced-x-1-translocation-that-disrupts-the-nhs-gene-familial-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Laura Gómez-Laguna, Alejandro Martínez-Herrera, Alejandra Del Pilar Reyes-de la Rosa, Constanza García-Delgado, Karem Nieto-Martínez, Fernando Fernández-Ramírez, Tania Yanet Valderrama-Atayupanqui, Ariadna Berenice Morales-Jiménez, Judith Villa-Morales, Susana Kofman, Alicia Cervantes, Verónica Fabiola Morán-Barroso
The Nance-Horan syndrome is an X-linked disorder characterized by congenital cataract, facial features, microcornea, microphthalmia, and dental anomalies; most of the cases are due to NHS gene mutations on Xp22.13. Heterozygous carrier females generally present less severe features, and up to 30% of the affected males have intellectual disability. We describe two patients, mother and daughter, manifesting Nance-Horan syndrome. The cytogenetic and molecular analyses demonstrated a 46,X,t(X;1)(p22.13;q22) karyotype in each of them...
September 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917830/al-awadi-raas-rothschild-syndrome-with-dental-anomalies-and-a-novel-wnt7a-mutation
#3
Piranit Nik Kantaputra, Seema Kapoor, Prashant Verma, Massupa Kaewgahya, Katsushige Kawasaki, Atsushi Ohazama, James R Ketudat Cairns
Al-Awadi-Raas-Rothschild syndrome (AARRS; OMIM 276820) is a very rare autosomal recessive limb malformation syndrome caused by WNT7A mutations. AARRS is characterized by various degrees of limb aplasia and hypoplasia. Normal intelligence and malformations of urogenital system are frequent findings. Complete loss of WNT7A function has been shown to cause AARRS, however, its partial loss leads to the milder malformation, Fuhrmann syndrome. An Indian boy affected with AARRS is reported. A novel homozygous base substitution mutation c...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898321/-cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-case-report
#4
Olga Medina, Nelson Muñoz, Carlos Moneriz
INTRODUCTION: Cleidocraneal dysplasia (CCD) is a rare skeletal autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by dental anomalies and bone abnormalities. These clinical manifestations do not require treatment in most cases. The disease is caused by mutation in the gene RUNX2 (CBAF1), located on the short arm of chromosome 6. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of CCD and perform a literature review focused on clinical manifestations and diagnosis. CASE REPORT: A 3 year old patient, who was clinically diagnosed with CCD since birth...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893000/detection-of-dental-pathologies-in-routine-paranasal-ct-scans-a-retrospective-study
#5
Erdogan Bulbul, Bahar Yanik, Gulen Demirpolat
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) is a widespread method for evaluating paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity in daily practice. The maxillary teeth are in field of view in a paranasal sinus CT scan and it is possible to detect dental pathologies with CT. AIM: To determine the incidence of maxillary teeth pathologies in routine paranasal sinus CT scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Consecutive 395 paranasal sinus CT scans were evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890626/a-rare-concomitant-occurrence-of-talon-cusp-in-fused-mandibular-permanent-teeth-report-of-two-cases
#6
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
Fusions of teeth and talon cusp are two rare developmental dental anomalies, affecting both primary and permanent dentitions. Both the anomalies are mostly reported as isolated finding and are rarely associated with other dental anomalies. Talon cusp is more common in maxillary anterior teeth in permanent dentition and fusion is commonly reported in mandibular teeth in primary dentition. The concomitant occurrence of talon cusp and fusion is rare and its occurrence in fused mandibular permanent teeth is also rare...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890622/rare-condition-of-dens-invaginatus-in-a-maxillary-primary-molar-and-a-birooted-maxillary-primary-canine-diagnosed-during-routine-examination
#7
Eliana Costa Barbosa Brandão, Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro, Luciane Monte Alto Seabra
Congenital morphological dental alterations are related to the physiological phase of tooth development. Since the etiology of the dens invaginatus and supernumerary roots has yet to be fully determined, a rare presentation of dens invaginatus in a primary molar and a birooted deciduous maxillary canine were incidentally detected in routine radiographic examinations. Essential clinical considerations and treatment options are presented. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the importance of a deep and comprehensive anamnesis and clinical examination, with radiographs taken when necessary...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888388/a-case-of-concrescent-tooth-a-developmental-anomaly-in-a-19th-century-skull-from-uganda
#8
P Dąbrowski, D Nowakowski, A Gawlikowska-Sroka, I Maciuszczak, S Gronkiewicz
Dental abnormalities in archeological material such us concrescence or odontoma are rare cases often found accidentally, mostly during routine X-ray analysis or during macroscopic examination of the mastication apparatus. In this study, we present a rare case of concrescence between an upper left third molar and a supernumerary fourth molar in a 19th century skull from Uganda. Simultaneously, it is a critical revision of earlier studies on the same object (which considered this abnormality as an odontoma), using dental X-ray imaging and histological analysis...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887722/dental-anomalies-in-pediatric-patients-with-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#9
Seth Septer, Brenda Bohaty, Robin Onikul, Vandana Kumar, Karen B Williams, Thomas M Attard, Craig A Friesen, Lynn Roosa Friesen
Familial adenomatous polyposis patients often present with non-malignant extra-intestinal manifestations which include dental anomalies that may be evident prior to the appearance of the colonic adenomas. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence and type of dental anomalies and the relationships between gene mutations and dental anomalies in these patients. Twenty-two pediatric familial adenomatous polyposis patients and 46 controls, who were age and gender matched participated. Familial adenomatous polyposis patient's had a dental examination with panoramic radiograph and medical record review for age at diagnosis, the presence of the adenomatous polyposis coli gene mutation, and determination of other extra-intestinal manifestations on the body...
September 8, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872813/development-and-validation-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-preschool-version
#10
R R Ruff, L Sischo, C H Chinn, H L Broder
OBJECTIVE: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is a validated instrument created to measure the oral health-related quality of life of school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a preschool version of the COHIP (COHIP-PS) for children aged 2-5. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The COHIP-PS was developed and validated using a multi-stage process consisting of item selection, face validity testing, item impact testing, reliability and validity testing, and factor analysis...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862596/noninvasive-approach-to-esthetic-rehabilitation-of-conoid-anterior-teeth
#11
Monique Solon Mello, Renata P M V L Milioni, Gustavo O Dos Santos, Leandro Martins, Raphael V Monte Alto
Several factors, including anomalies of shape, color, or size, or positioning of the teeth, may interfere with smile esthetics. A 26-year-old woman was dissatisfied with the esthetics of her maxillary lateral incisors, which had defective composite resin restorations with alterations of color and shape. The aim of this article is to present a step-by-step description of the technique used to fabricate esthetic restorations for the conoid maxillary lateral incisors with a minimum of dental preparation. The successful outcome demonstrates the importance of correct planning for successful restorations...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861394/long-term-survival-of-retained-deciduous-mandibular-second-molars-and-maxillary-canine-incorporated-into-final-occlusion
#12
Soonshin Hwang, Yoon Jeong Choi, Chooryung J Chung, Kyung-Ho Kim
Orthodontic treatment of a complex case that involves retained deciduous mandibular second molars with missing permanent successors is challenging. Usually, congenitally missing teeth are manifested with other dental anomalies that further complicate orthodontic treatment, such as retained deciduous teeth, impactions, transpositions and peg-shaped lateral incisors. Even though the long term prognosis of the retained deciduous tooth is not fully predictable, if the teeth are in good condition, the patient and clinician may incline towards a decision to preserve the deciduous teeth as long as possible...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861391/time-series-analysis-of-patients-seeking-orthodontic-treatment-at-seoul-national-university-dental-hospital-over-the-past-decade
#13
Hyun-Woo Lim, Ji-Hoon Park, Hyun-Hee Park, Shin-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes changes in the characteristics of patients seeking orthodontic treatment over the past decade and the treatment they received, to identify any seasonal variations or trends. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study included all patients who presented to Seoul National University Dental Hospital for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2015. The study analyzed a set of heterogeneous variables grouped into the following categories: demographic (age, gender, and address), clinical (Angle Classification, anomaly, mode of orthodontic treatment, removable appliances for Phase 1 treatment, fixed appliances for Phase 2 treatment, orthognathic surgery, extraction, mini-plate, mini-implant, and patient transfer) and time-related variables (date of first visit and orthodontic treatment time)...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857140/say-barber-biesecker-young-simpson-syndrome-and-genitopatellar-syndrome-lumping-or-splitting
#14
REVIEW
Fortunato Lonardo, Maria Serena Lonardo, Fabio Acquaviva, Matteo Della Monica, Francesca Scarano, Gioacchino Scarano
The Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson variant of Ohdo syndrome (SBBYSS) and Genitopatellar syndrome (GTPTS) are two rare but clinically well-described diseases caused by de novo heterozygous sequence variants in the KAT6B gene. Both phenotypes are characterized by significant global developmental delay/intellectual disability, hypotonia, genital abnormalities, and patellar hypoplasia/agenesis. In addition, congenital heart defects, dental abnormalities, hearing loss, and thyroid anomalies are common to both phenotypes...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841033/exploring-the-impact-of-malocclusion-and-dentofacial-anomalies-on-the-occurrence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-adolescents
#15
Paulo Floriani Kramer, Luciana M Pereira, Mariana Cezar Ilha, Tássia Silvana Borges, Maria Perpétua Mota Freitas, Carlos Alberto Feldens
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between malocclusion/dentofacial anomalies and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study comprised 509 adolescents aged 11 to 14 years enrolled at public schools in the city of Osório, southern Brazil. Parents answered a structured questionnaire addressing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. An examiner who had undergone a training and calibration exercise recorded malocclusion/dentofacial anomalies (Dental Aesthetic Index, DAI), TDI (Andreasen), and dental caries (World Health Organisation)...
August 25, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828758/open-versus-closed-surgical-exposure-of-canine-teeth-that-are-displaced-in-the-roof-of-the-mouth
#16
REVIEW
Nicola Parkin, Philip E Benson, Bikram Thind, Anwar Shah, Ismail Khalil, Saiba Ghafoor
BACKGROUND: Palatally displaced canines or PDCs are upper permanent canines, commonly known as 'eye' teeth, that are displaced in the roof of the mouth. This can leave unsightly gaps, cause damage to the surrounding roots (which can be so severe that neighbouring teeth are lost or have to be removed) and, occasionally, result in the development of cysts. PDCs are a frequent dental anomaly, present in 2% to 3% of young people.Management of this problem is both time consuming and expensive...
August 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791979/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-double-teeth-in-primary-dentition-and-associated-anomalies-in-the-permanent-successors
#17
M Aydinbelge, A E Sekerci, S Caliskan, H Gumus, Y Sisman, K Cantekin
OBJECTIVE: Understanding potential problems associated with primary double teeth (PDT) are important to provide prophylactic measures, thereby preventing or minimizing possible complications. The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence of PDT in a group of Turkish children and to compare the distribution of the different types of double primary teeth and their relationship to permanent successors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17,268 children underwent a clinical examination to determine the presence of PDT...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770115/comprehensive-treatments-for-congenitally-missing-teeth-and-generalized-diastema
#18
Mehran Bahrami, Fariba Saleh Saber, Amirreza Hendi
Congenitally missing teeth and/or hypodontia is a prevalent dental anomaly. There are different treatment options available for these conditions such as space maintenance, restoring the space by resin-bonded-fixed-partial-dentures (RBFPDs), and dental implants. This study addresses the comprehensive treatments for congenitally missing tooth and diastema using interdisciplinary approaches. One patient was treated with small-diameter-implants and the other one was treated using an intraoral scanner to make digital impression and fabricating RBFPDs with CAD/CAM system...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761281/concomitant-hypodontia-and-hyperdontia-a-report-of-two-cases
#19
Nitesh Tewari, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Subash Singh
"Concomitant hypodontia and hyperdontia" is a very rare dental anomaly of number, having a prevalence rate of 0.002%-3.1%. It describes the simultaneous presence of hypodontia or missing teeth and supernumerary teeth in the same individual. It represents the opposite forces of nature acting simultaneously. Two rare cases of this anomaly involving different jaws and a classification based on the literature review have been presented here.
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748055/multiple-talon-cusps-on-maxillary-central-incisor-a-case-report
#20
Suresh Kv, Pramod R C, Seema Roodmal Yadav, Nilesh Kumar, Mounesh Kumar C D, Sreeja P Kumar
Dental anomalies affecting the teeth are relatively common. Simultaneous occurrence of multiple dental abnormalities in a single tooth is uncommon and relatively rare. One such abnormality routinely encountered in dental clinics is the talon cusp. It is also referred to as dens evaginatus, characterized by the presence of an accessory cusp-like structure projecting from the cingulum of anterior teeth. It has an increased predilection for maxillary teeth and permanent dentition. Although numerous cases of talon cusp have been reported in the literature, occurrence of multiple talon cusps in maxillary central incisors has not been found in the literature...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
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