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primari dentition and adult dentition

Daniel Paludo Brunetto, Eduardo Franzzotti Sant'Anna, Andre Wilson Machado, Won Moon
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary transverse deficiency is a highly prevalent malocclusion present in all age groups, from primary to permanent dentition. If not treated on time, it can aggravate and evolve to a more complex malocclusion, hindering facial growth and development. Aside from the occlusal consequences, the deficiency can bring about serious respiratory problems as well, due to the consequent nasal constriction usually associated. In growing patients, this condition can be easily handled with a conventional rapid palatal expansion...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Molly Angel
Malocclusion in dogs is commonly diagnosed in puppies when the primary dentition is present. Interceptive orthodontic treatment may be elected to temporarily resolve painful contact points with the primary dentition. However, the adult dentition must be monitored closely and treated to achieve a lifelong, pain-free occlusion. This case report illustrates interceptive orthodontic treatment of deciduous and permanent dentition to treat a class 2 malocclusion in a dog. Extraction of the permanent maxillary canine tooth was elected to resolve abnormal contact from the mandibular canine in a single anesthetic episode...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
F I Zawaideh, A I Owais, S Mushtaha
AIM: To investigate in situ/ex vivo the effect of remineralizing agents in the prevention of dental erosion in permanent and primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, double-blind study with crossover design with three treatment phases: Control, ProNamel(®) and Tooth Mousse(™). Twenty adults and children wore removable palatal appliances containing two insets of permanent and primary human enamel and used the corresponding assigned toothpaste twice daily for 10 days...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Effat Khodadadi, Ayshe Niknahad, Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Mina Motallebnejad
INTRODUCTION: Because parents play a key role in children's dental health, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' oral health literacy (OHL) and their children's dental health status in Babol, Iran. METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 384 children aged 21 months to 84 months who attended the dental clinic of Babol University of Medical Sciences between September 2015 and February 2016 were examined. We measured dmft index only for primary dentition; during examination the accompanying parent completed the "Oral Health Literacy-Adults Questionnaire"...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
Qin Du, Mingyun Li, Xuedong Zhou, Kun Tian
To investigate the factors influencing the oral microbiome, 16 twin pairs and their mothers were enrolled in this study. There were 7 monozygotic (MZ) twins and 9 dizygotic (DZ) twins, with an average age of 6.18 ± 3.5. Supragingival plaques and caries tissues were collected and the 16S rDNA was analyzed by 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 18 phyla and 179 genuses were found. Caries children harbored a higher portion of Actinobacteria than caries-free ones, and one lineage was found to be less abundant in the caries tissues compared to the supragingival plaque at each level from the phylum down to the genus level, which was Fusobacteria at Phylum, Fusobacteriia at Class, Fusobacteriales at Order, Leptotrichiaceae at Family and Leptotrichia at genus level...
May 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Linguistically adapted oral health literacy tools are helpful to assess oral health literacy among local population with clarity and understandability. The original oral health literacy adult questionnaire, Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire, was given in English (2013), consisting of 17 items under 4 domains. The present study rationalizes to culturally adapt and validate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi language. Thus, we objectified to translate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi and test its psychometric properties like reliability and validity among primary school teachers...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Fernanda D Santa-Maria, Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Cláudia S Poziomczyk, Marcia A P Maahs, Rafael F M Rosa, Paulo R G Zen, Lavínia Schüller-Faccini, Ana Elisa Kiszewski
OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge on dental anomalies in patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) has been obtained by examining case reports; however, an overall characterization of such alterations remains lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, type and location of dental alterations in IP using a case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients (9 children and 5 adults) with a clinical diagnosis of IP who presented dental anomalies were included in this study...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
E Dursun, E Savard, C Vargas, L Loison-Robert, H Cherifi, F Bdeoui, M-M Landru
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogenous genetic disorder that interferes with normal enamel formation in the absence of systemic disorders. The patients' main concerns are caries susceptibility, poor esthetics, and generalized sensitivity. There is a broad clinical spectrum, from discolorations to consequent enamel alterations. This case report describes the 15-year case study and the full-mouth rehabilitation of two siblings affected by a hypocalcified AI. Clinical Considerations: In these two patients, conservative care with stainless steel crowns and direct composite restorations was undertaken to restore function and esthetics and to reduce sensitivities in primary and mixed dentitions...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
Shikhar Pratap Chauhan, Divya S Sharma, M L Jain
OBJECTIVE: The cross-arch space maintainers are used to prevent mesio-distal movement of teeth under physiologic forces, contrary to adult orthodontics where these are used as anchorage against orthodontic forces. Stresses in periodontal ligaments (PDL) are supposed to be different in pediatric dentistry and need to be studied. This study aimed to create mathematical model and calculated the initial stresses generated in the PDL and the behavior of movement in developing permanent maxillary first molar under masticatory forces using 3D finite element analyses (FEA)...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Derek Richards
Scope and purposeThe guidance provides evidence- and clinically-based recommendations for detecting and diagnosing early/non-cavitated caries lesions, risk assessment and disease management.MethodologyThe guidance development is based on three reviews(1,2,3) and an interim seminar and workshop organised by the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry in Brussels in May 2015.Review and updatingNo indication of a review or update schedule is given.RecommendationsSeven recommendations on caries detection and diagnosis, four recommendations on caries risk assessment and 11 on the management of the early carious lesion were made and they are briefly summarised in the table below...
2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Paul W Sciulli, Robert A Cook
OBJECTIVES: We investigate intracemetery biological variation at the Fort Ancient SunWatch village (800-500 BP.) to test the hypothesis that the SunWatch population consisted of spatially structured biologically differentiated kin groups consisting of distinct local Late Woodland and non-local Mississippian biological populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The SunWatch sample contains 166 individuals: 63 adults and 103 subadults. We analyze intracemetery biological variation using two feature sets: the buccolingual diameters of the polar teeth in the permanent (n = 37) and deciduous (n = 26) dentitions...
August 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Nicholas A Ellis, Nikunj N Donde, Craig T Miller
Teeth have long served as a model system to study basic questions about vertebrate organogenesis, morphogenesis, and evolution. In nonmammalian vertebrates, teeth typically regenerate throughout adult life. Fish have evolved a tremendous diversity in dental patterning in both their oral and pharyngeal dentitions, offering numerous opportunities to study how morphology develops, regenerates, and evolves in different lineages. Threespine stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus) have emerged as a new system to study how morphology evolves, and provide a particularly powerful system to study the development and evolution of dental morphology...
August 2016: Journal of Morphology
Mojtaba Dorri, Stephen M Dunne, Tanya Walsh, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: Proximal dental lesions, limited to dentine, are traditionally treated by invasive (drill and fill) means. Non-invasive alternatives (e.g. fluoride varnish, flossing) might avoid substance loss but their effectiveness depends on patients' adherence. Recently, micro-invasive approaches for treating proximal caries lesions have been tried. These interventions install a barrier either on top (sealing) or within (infiltrating) the lesion. Different methods and materials are currently available for micro-invasive treatments, such as sealing via resin sealants, (polyurethane) patches/tapes, glass ionomer cements (GIC) or resin infiltration...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lena Hellqvist, Margot Rolandsson, Anders Hugoson, Peter Lingström, Dowen Birkhed
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the Swedish moist powder tobacco product known as "snus" on dental caries and to measure the pH fall in dental plaque. The subjects comprised male and female adults between 26 and 62 years of age (n = 102), all habitual snus users for ≥ 10 years. The control group (n = 101) consisted of similar individuals in terms of gender, age and educational level but with no tobacco use for ≥ 10 years. A clinical and radiographic examination and a questionnaire were completed...
2015: Swedish Dental Journal
Paul Brocklehurst, Richard Macey
BACKGROUND: Population health needs are changing. The levels of dental caries and periodontal disease across the population as a whole is falling. The proportion of adults with a functional dentition in many developed countries has increased substantially and edentulous rates have dropped to some of their lowest levels. Despite this, a pronounced social gradient still exists, many adults do not attend dental services regularly and disease in young children remains intransigent amongst the poorest...
2015: BMC Oral Health
Gabriela Fleury Seixas, Cássia Cilene Dezan Garbelini, Kelly Limi Aida, Ana Paula Cheirubim, Emerson José Venâncio, Solange de Paula Ramos
Anti-dentin autoantibodies are associated with inflammatory root resorption in permanent teeth and are modulated by dental trauma and orthodontic force. However, it is not known whether deciduous tooth trauma can stimulate the development of a humoral immune response against dentin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of salivary SIgA reactivity against human dentin extract in young adults with a history of trauma in the primary dentition. A sample of 78 patients, aged 18 to 25, who had completed an early childhood (0 to 5 years old) caries prevention program years earlier at the Universidade Estadual de Londrina Pediatric Clinic, underwent radiographic examination and salivary sampling...
2015: Brazilian Oral Research
Alessandra Reis, Alessandro Dourado Loguercio, Marcos Schroeder, Issis Luque-Martinez, Danielle Masterson, Lucianne Cople Maia
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed on the risk and intensity of postoperative sensitivity (POS) in posterior resin composite restorations bonded with self-etch (SE) and etch-and-rinse (ER) adhesives. SOURCE: A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMeb, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO and Cochrane Library and SIGLE without restrictions. The abstracts of the annual conference of the IADR (1990-2014), unpublished and ongoing trials registry were also searched...
September 2015: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
John R Shaffer, Elizabeth J Leslie, Eleanor Feingold, Manika Govil, Daniel W McNeil, Richard J Crout, Robert J Weyant, Mary L Marazita
Sex disparities in dental caries have been observed across many populations, with females typically exhibiting higher prevalence and more affected teeth. In this study we assessed the sex disparities in two Northern Appalachian populations from West Virginia (WV, N = 1997) and Pennsylvania (PA, N = 1080) by comparing caries indices between males and females across four phases of dental development: primary dentition in children aged 1-5 years, mixed dentition in children aged 6-11 years, permanent dentition in adolescents aged 12-17 years, and permanent dentition in adults aged 18-59 years...
2015: International Journal of Dentistry
Amrita Sujlana, Parampreet Kaur Pannu
BACKGROUND: Habits formed in childhood dictate lifestyle choices made as adults. These encompass both oral hygiene and dietary habits which in turn affect dental caries status. Children largely acquire these habits from modeling/observing parents and other family members. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the caries status of 5-year-olds, and evaluate associations between dental caries and family-related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 400 children were examined for dental caries using the WHO criteria...
April 2015: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Sri Nisha Jagathrakshakan, Raghavendra Jayesh Sethumadhava, Dhaval Tushar Mehta, Arvind Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of acidogenic and nonacidogenic bacteria in patients with polycaries lesions, and to ascertain caries specific bacterial prevalence in relation to noncaries controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total genomic DNA extracted from saliva of three adults and four children from the same family were subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis on a next generation sequencer, the PGS-Ion Torrent. Those bacterial genera with read counts > 1000 were considered as significant in each of the subject and used to associate the occurrence with caries...
January 2015: European Journal of Dentistry
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