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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094770/an-oral-epidemiological-comparison-of-chinese-and-new-zealand-adults-in-2-key-age-groups
#1
Songlin He, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To use recent national survey data to compare dentition status and oral diseases in China and New Zealand (NZ), with a particular focus on differences by sex and education level. METHODS: We undertook secondary analysis of representative data from oral health surveys conducted in 2009 in Sichuan (China) and NZ. Both surveys had an oral examination component and collected detailed demographic data. Socioeconomic position in this analysis was represented by the highest level of education completed...
November 2, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836354/dental-care-for-the-elderly-through-a-capped-fee-funding-model-optimising-outcomes-for-primary-government-dental-services
#2
Jennifer H Conquest, John Skinner, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (i) compare a Capped Payment formula for adults, to the fee-for-service model and the New South Wales Government services payment model; (ii) identify the presenting oral health needs of a 65+ years of age cohort during the period January 2011 to March 2015. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Australia faces an ageing population with the vast majority accessing free market dental care, whilst the poor access Government services...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829932/amelogenesis-imperfecta-case-study
#3
C Leevailoj, S Lawanrattanakul, K Mahatumarat
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) refers to a group of rare genetic disorders that involve tooth development and that are passed down through families as a dominant trait. This condition is characterized by abnormal enamel formation caused by gene mutations that alter the quality and/or quantity of enamel. This dental problem can impact both primary and permanent dentition, varies among affected individuals, and results in esthetic and functional problems. This condition caused the patient in the current case report to have a lack of confidence when speaking...
September 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766118/dental-and-craniofacial-findings-in-91-individuals-with-agenesis-of-permanent-maxillary-canines
#4
K P Arvedsen, I Kjær
AIM: Agenesis of maxillary permanent canines is a rare form of agenesis (prevalence 0.07-0.13%). The aetiology is still unknown. The purpose was to focus on dentitions and craniofacial profiles in individuals with maxillary canine agenesis. METHOD: From 91 individuals (10-18 years of age) 91 Orthopantomograms and 77 profile radiographs were divided accordingly: Group I: agenesis of 1 or 2 maxillary canines. Group II: several ageneses including the maxillary canines...
August 1, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#5
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444019/non-surgical-treatment-of-transverse-deficiency-in-adults-using-microimplant-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-marpe
#6
Daniel Paludo Brunetto, Eduardo Franzzotti Sant'Anna, Andre Wilson Machado, Won Moon
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary transverse deficiency is a highly prevalent malocclusion present in all age groups, from primary to permanent dentition. If not treated on time, it can aggravate and evolve to a more complex malocclusion, hindering facial growth and development. Aside from the occlusal consequences, the deficiency can bring about serious respiratory problems as well, due to the consequent nasal constriction usually associated. In growing patients, this condition can be easily handled with a conventional rapid palatal expansion...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326982/maxillary-canine-tooth-extraction-for-class-2-malocclusion-in-a-dog
#7
Molly Angel
Malocclusion in dogs is commonly diagnosed in puppies when the primary dentition is present. Interceptive orthodontic treatment may be elected to temporarily resolve painful contact points with the primary dentition. However, the adult dentition must be monitored closely and treated to achieve a lifelong, pain-free occlusion. This case report illustrates interceptive orthodontic treatment of deciduous and permanent dentition to treat a class 2 malocclusion in a dog. Extraction of the permanent maxillary canine tooth was elected to resolve abnormal contact from the mandibular canine in a single anesthetic episode...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288296/effect-of-cpp-acp-or-a-potassium-nitrate-sodium-fluoride-dentifrice-on-enamel-erosion-prevention
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
F I Zawaideh, A I Owais, S Mushtaha
AIM: To investigate in situ/ex vivo the effect of remineralizing agents in the prevention of dental erosion in permanent and primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, double-blind study with crossover design with three treatment phases: Control, ProNamel(®) and Tooth Mousse(™). Twenty adults and children wore removable palatal appliances containing two insets of permanent and primary human enamel and used the corresponding assigned toothpaste twice daily for 10 days...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163858/parents-oral-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-their-children-s-dental-health-status
#9
Effat Khodadadi, Ayshe Niknahad, Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Mina Motallebnejad
INTRODUCTION: Because parents play a key role in children's dental health, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' oral health literacy (OHL) and their children's dental health status in Babol, Iran. METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 384 children aged 21 months to 84 months who attended the dental clinic of Babol University of Medical Sciences between September 2015 and February 2016 were examined. We measured dmft index only for primary dentition; during examination the accompanying parent completed the "Oral Health Literacy-Adults Questionnaire"...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120199/a-comprehensive-profiling-of-supragingival-bacterial-composition-in-chinese-twin-children-and-their-mothers
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qin Du, Mingyun Li, Xuedong Zhou, Kun Tian
To investigate the factors influencing the oral microbiome, 16 twin pairs and their mothers were enrolled in this study. There were 7 monozygotic (MZ) twins and 9 dizygotic (DZ) twins, with an average age of 6.18 ± 3.5. Supragingival plaques and caries tissues were collected and the 16S rDNA was analyzed by 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 18 phyla and 179 genuses were found. Caries children harbored a higher portion of Actinobacteria than caries-free ones, and one lineage was found to be less abundant in the caries tissues compared to the supragingival plaque at each level from the phylum down to the genus level, which was Fusobacteria at Phylum, Fusobacteriia at Class, Fusobacteriales at Order, Leptotrichiaceae at Family and Leptotrichia at genus level...
May 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795966/linguistic-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-original-oral-health-literacy-adult-questionnaire-ohl-aq
#11
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Linguistically adapted oral health literacy tools are helpful to assess oral health literacy among local population with clarity and understandability. The original oral health literacy adult questionnaire, Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire, was given in English (2013), consisting of 17 items under 4 domains. The present study rationalizes to culturally adapt and validate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi language. Thus, we objectified to translate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi and test its psychometric properties like reliability and validity among primary school teachers...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766487/dental-anomalies-in-14-patients-with-ip-clinical-and-radiological-analysis-and-review
#12
Fernanda D Santa-Maria, Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Cláudia S Poziomczyk, Marcia A P Maahs, Rafael F M Rosa, Paulo R G Zen, Lavínia Schüller-Faccini, Ana Elisa Kiszewski
OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge on dental anomalies in patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) has been obtained by examining case reports; however, an overall characterization of such alterations remains lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, type and location of dental alterations in IP using a case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients (9 children and 5 adults) with a clinical diagnosis of IP who presented dental anomalies were included in this study...
June 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589272/management-of-amelogenesis-imperfecta-a-15-year-case-history-of-two-siblings
#13
E Dursun, E Savard, C Vargas, L Loison-Robert, H Cherifi, F Bdeoui, M-M Landru
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogenous genetic disorder that interferes with normal enamel formation in the absence of systemic disorders. The patients' main concerns are caries susceptibility, poor esthetics, and generalized sensitivity. There is a broad clinical spectrum, from discolorations to consequent enamel alterations. This case report describes the 15-year case study and the full-mouth rehabilitation of two siblings affected by a hypocalcified AI. Clinical Considerations: In these two patients, conservative care with stainless steel crowns and direct composite restorations was undertaken to restore function and esthetics and to reduce sensitivities in primary and mixed dentitions...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471814/initial-stresses-induced-in-permanent-maxillary-first-molar-in-mixed-dentition-under-normal-masticatory-forces-a-finite-element-study
#14
Shikhar Pratap Chauhan, Divya S Sharma, M L Jain
OBJECTIVE: The cross-arch space maintainers are used to prevent mesio-distal movement of teeth under physiologic forces, contrary to adult orthodontics where these are used as anchorage against orthodontic forces. Stresses in periodontal ligaments (PDL) are supposed to be different in pediatric dentistry and need to be studied. This study aimed to create mathematical model and calculated the initial stresses generated in the PDL and the behavior of movement in developing permanent maxillary first molar under masticatory forces using 3D finite element analyses (FEA)...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339231/best-clinical-practice-guidance-for-management-of-early-caries-lesions-in-children-and-young-adults-an-eapd-policy-document
#15
COMMENT
Derek Richards
Scope and purposeThe guidance provides evidence- and clinically-based recommendations for detecting and diagnosing early/non-cavitated caries lesions, risk assessment and disease management.MethodologyThe guidance development is based on three reviews(1,2,3) and an interim seminar and workshop organised by the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry in Brussels in May 2015.Review and updatingNo indication of a review or update schedule is given.RecommendationsSeven recommendations on caries detection and diagnosis, four recommendations on caries risk assessment and 11 on the management of the early carious lesion were made and they are briefly summarised in the table below...
June 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265753/intracemetery-biological-variation-at-the-fort-ancient-sunwatch-village
#16
Paul W Sciulli, Robert A Cook
OBJECTIVES: We investigate intracemetery biological variation at the Fort Ancient SunWatch village (800-500 BP.) to test the hypothesis that the SunWatch population consisted of spatially structured biologically differentiated kin groups consisting of distinct local Late Woodland and non-local Mississippian biological populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The SunWatch sample contains 166 individuals: 63 adults and 103 subadults. We analyze intracemetery biological variation using two feature sets: the buccolingual diameters of the polar teeth in the permanent (n = 37) and deciduous (n = 26) dentitions...
August 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145214/early-development-and-replacement-of-the-stickleback-dentition
#17
Nicholas A Ellis, Nikunj N Donde, Craig T Miller
Teeth have long served as a model system to study basic questions about vertebrate organogenesis, morphogenesis, and evolution. In nonmammalian vertebrates, teeth typically regenerate throughout adult life. Fish have evolved a tremendous diversity in dental patterning in both their oral and pharyngeal dentitions, offering numerous opportunities to study how morphology develops, regenerates, and evolves in different lineages. Threespine stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus) have emerged as a new system to study how morphology evolves, and provide a particularly powerful system to study the development and evolution of dental morphology...
August 2016: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545080/micro-invasive-interventions-for-managing-proximal-dental-decay-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth
#18
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Stephen M Dunne, Tanya Walsh, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: Proximal dental lesions, limited to dentine, are traditionally treated by invasive (drill and fill) means. Non-invasive alternatives (e.g. fluoride varnish, flossing) might avoid substance loss but their effectiveness depends on patients' adherence. Recently, micro-invasive approaches for treating proximal caries lesions have been tried. These interventions install a barrier either on top (sealing) or within (infiltrating) the lesion. Different methods and materials are currently available for micro-invasive treatments, such as sealing via resin sealants, (polyurethane) patches/tapes, glass ionomer cements (GIC) or resin infiltration...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529841/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-a-group-of-swedish-snus-users
#19
Lena Hellqvist, Margot Rolandsson, Anders Hugoson, Peter Lingström, Dowen Birkhed
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the Swedish moist powder tobacco product known as "snus" on dental caries and to measure the pH fall in dental plaque. The subjects comprised male and female adults between 26 and 62 years of age (n = 102), all habitual snus users for ≥ 10 years. The control group (n = 101) consisted of similar individuals in terms of gender, age and educational level but with no tobacco use for ≥ 10 years. A clinical and radiographic examination and a questionnaire were completed...
2015: Swedish Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26391730/skill-mix-in-preventive-dental-practice-will-it-help-address-need-in-the-future
#20
REVIEW
Paul Brocklehurst, Richard Macey
BACKGROUND: Population health needs are changing. The levels of dental caries and periodontal disease across the population as a whole is falling. The proportion of adults with a functional dentition in many developed countries has increased substantially and edentulous rates have dropped to some of their lowest levels. Despite this, a pronounced social gradient still exists, many adults do not attend dental services regularly and disease in young children remains intransigent amongst the poorest...
2015: BMC Oral Health
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