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primari dentition

Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sivakumar Nuvvula, Swapna Manepalli, Abinash Mohapatra, Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni
Cementoblastoma is a benign lesion of the odontogenic ectomesenchymal origin. It rarely occurs in primary dentition. This report describes a case of a cementoblastoma relating to the right mandibular second primary molar in a 7-year-old girl. Her panoramic radiograph revealed a well-defined radiopaque lesion with a radiolucent border extending from the distal surface of the mandibular right first primary molar to the distal surface of mandibular second primary molar. The tumor was attached to the mesial root of primary second molar and was excised along with the teeth involved and sent for histopathological evaluation, which showed irregular trabeculae of mineralized tissue interspersed with fibrovascular connective tissue, trabeculae of mineralized tissue with prominent reversal lines, and peripheral rimming of the mineralized tissue with blast cells...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Aditi A Bhuskute, Travis T Tollefson
Cleft lip and palate are the fourth most common congenital birth defect. Management requires multidisciplinary care owing to the complexity of these clefts on midface growth, dentition, Eustachian tube function, and lip and nasal cosmesis. Repair requires planning, but can be performed systematically to reduce variability of outcomes. The use of primary rhinoplasty at the time of cleft lip repair can improve nose symmetry and reduce nasal deformity. Use of nasoalveolar molding ranging from lip taping to the use of preoperative infant orthopedics has played an important role in improving functional and cosmetic results of cleft lip repair...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
BACKGROUND: The authors studied the effects of nonnutritive sucking behavior (NNSB) on malocclusions through a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors performed a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. Studies of healthy participants with a history of active or previous NNSB, for whom specific malocclusion outcomes had been assessed, were eligible for inclusion. The authors considered before-and-after studies, prospective and retrospective (longitudinal) studies, case-control studies, and analytical cross-sectional studies...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Martin Tickle, Ciaran O'Neill, Michael Donaldson, Stephen Birch, Solveig Noble, Seamus Killough, Lynn Murphy, Margaret Greer, Julie Brodison, Rejina Verghis, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common disease of childhood. The NHS guidelines promote preventative care in dental practices, particularly for young children. However, the cost-effectiveness of this policy has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effects and costs of a composite fluoride intervention designed to prevent caries in young children attending dental services. DESIGN: The study was a two-arm, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, with an allocation ratio of 1 : 1...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Gozde Ozcan, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci, Fatma Kocoglu
Knowledge of the different anatomical variations in root canal system of dedicious dentition will improve the practice of the pediatric dentists. The teeth with C-shaped root canal configurations are definitely a problem in endodontic treatment. Dentists who are specialists of endodontics must have adequate knowledge about various root canal morphologies of primary tooth that have a tendency for rapid progression of dental caries to achieve a technically satisfactory outcome. This report presents an extraordinary case of unusual tooth morphology involving the mandibular first primary molar with a C-shaped configuration which has not yet been reported...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Vinay Pitchika, Isabel Metz, Katrin Rothmaier, Alexander Crispin, Reinhard Hickel, Katharina Bücher, Jan Kühnisch
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of different adhesive restoration protocols on the survival of composite resin restorations in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 601 patients at risk of caries (319 males and 282 females), with a mean age of 6.6 years (range: 1 to 13 years) and an average need for 3.6 restorations per patient (range: 1 to 20). The mean observation period was 1.3 years (± 1.4), with a maximum of 7 years. Six different adhesive restoration protocols with respect to etching, adhesives, and composite materials were analyzed...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Sakhr A Murshid, Mohammed A Al-Labani, Khalid A Aldhorae, Omar M M Rodis
OBJECTIVES: The premature loss of primary teeth is a potential risk factor for poor arch length development. Adequate arch length is important to the progression of the permanent teeth. Poor arch length can lead to crowding, ectopic eruption, or impaction of these teeth. This study is designed to assess the prevalence of premature loss of primary teeth in the 5-10-year-old age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 185 children, that is, 91 boys and 94 girls...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
K Korath Abraham, Arun Roy James, Elza Thenumkal, Tharian Emmatty
Anterior crossbite results from the abnormal axial inclination of one or more anterior teeth. It is a major esthetic and functional anomaly which has to be corrected in the primary and early mixed dentition period to allow the normal development of maxilla and mandible as well as the occlusion. Several treatment options are available to correct the problem. A unique appliance, "modified transparent tray aligners" was used to correct the anterior crossbite in an 8-year-old child. The clinical presentation, fabrication of the appliance, and the outcome are discussed...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Chia-Pei Jung, Aileen I Tsai, Ching-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information regarding pediatric dental emergencies in Taiwan. This study investigates the prevalence and characteristics of the pediatric dental emergency services provided at a medical center. METHODS: This study included a retrospective chart review of patients under 18 years of age with dental complaints who visited the Emergency Department (ED) of Linkou Medical Center of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013...
June 2016: Biomedical Journal
Mehmet Ali Altay, Beste Ozgur, Zafer C Cehreli
Odontomas are the most common benign odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity; however, their occurrence in the primary dentition is an extremely rare condition. When associated with primary teeth, odontomas may lead to disturbances in tooth eruption, which often requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on odontomas of the primary dentition and discuss the management of a compound odontoma in a pediatric patient.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Arthur J Nowak, Amy S Kim, Jo Anna M Scott, Joel H Berg
PURPOSES: Pacifiers are the most common device used by children to satisfy their sucking needs. Because of their design, reports of anterior open bite and increased overjet are common. The purposes of this pilot study were to measure the effects of a unique pacifier in toddlers who have existing open bites and increased overjets; and secondly to determine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining toddlers for a six-month study. METHODS: Toddlers with existing open bite and increased overjet currently using a conventional pacifier were recruited from a university pediatric dental clinic...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Kahraman Gungor, Lale Taner, Emine Kaygisiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of posterior crossbite in different dentition stages in a Turkish sample. STUDY DESIGN: 1554 subjects (843 girls, 711 boys) aged 4-25 years were evaluated to determine the prevalence of posterior crossbite in a Turkish sample. The subjects were classified according to four dentition stages (primary, early mixed, late mixed and permanent) and transversal occlusal status. The statistical evaluation was done by Chi-square, Fischer exact tests...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hans Gjørup, Dorte Haubek, Pernille Jacobsen, John R Ostergaard
The present study describes seven patients with Nance-Horan syndrome, all referred to a specialized oral care unit in the Central Denmark Region. A literature search on "Nance Horan Syndrome" resulted in 53 publications among which 29 reported on dental findings. Findings reported in these papers have been systematized to obtain an overview of the reported findings and the terminology on dental morphology. All seven patients included in the present study showed deviations of crown morphology on incisors and/or molars...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
C M Guimarães Nobre, A N Fernandes-Costa, M S de Melo Soares, D M Carvalho Pugliesi, B C de Vasconcelos Gurgel
AIM: This was to compare the periodontal status of children with primary and mixed dentition at the time of their first consultation. METHODS: Children (200), aged 0-12 years (156 with mixed and 44 with primary dentition), were examined by assessing their simplified plaque index (PI) and simplified periodontal record (PSR). Statistical analysis (Chi-square test) was performed with appropriate software to find any significant associations between sex, type of dentition and PI with the PSR codes (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4)...
October 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Carla Cohn
Traditionally, many clinicians tend to forego esthetic considerations when full-coverage restorations are indicated for pediatric patients with primary dentitions. However, the availability of new zirconia pediatric crowns and reliable techniques for cementation makes esthetic outcomes practical and consistent when restoring primary dentition. Two cases are described: a 3-year-old boy who presented with severe early childhood caries affecting both anterior and posterior teeth, and a 6-year-old boy who presented with extensive caries of his primary posterior dentition, including a molar requiring full coverage...
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Vanessa Carla Ruschel, Élito Araújo, Jussara Karina Bernardon, Guilherme Carpena Lopes
Enamel defects, such as white or yellow-brown spots, usually cause problems that are more esthetic than functional. Enamel hypoplasia may be the result of hereditary, systemic, or local factors. Dental trauma is a local etiologic factor. It is relatively common in the primary dentition and can cause defects on the surface of permanent successors. Treatment for such defects can differ, depending on the depth of the spots. For deeper white-spot lesions, a composite resin restoration may be necessary. This is an excellent mode of treatment, due to both its low cost and its conservation of healthy tooth structure...
September 2016: General Dentistry
Zhifei Zhou, Fen Liu, Shuning Shen, Linjuan Shang, Lei Shang, Xiaojing Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of malocclusion among children with primary dentition in Xi'an, China. METHODS: A total of 2,974 subjects were selected from local schools in Xi'an city using a stratified cluster sampling method from January to September 2015. After screening samples according to the inclusion criteria, the final sample size comprised 2,235 pre-school children, with a mean age of 4.82 (SD, 1.76; range, 2...
2016: BMC Oral Health
E Dursun, E Savard, C Vargas, L Loison-Robert, H Cherifi, F Bdeoui, M-M Landru
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogenous genetic disorder that interferes with normal enamel formation in the absence of systemic disorders. The patients' main concerns are caries susceptibility, poor esthetics, and generalized sensitivity. There is a broad clinical spectrum, from discolorations to consequent enamel alterations. This case report describes the 15-year case study and the full-mouth rehabilitation of two siblings affected by a hypocalcified AI. Clinical Considerations: In these two patients, conservative care with stainless steel crowns and direct composite restorations was undertaken to restore function and esthetics and to reduce sensitivities in primary and mixed dentitions...
September 2, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Yaser Mohammad Alkhiary, Musharraf Jelani, Mona Mohammad Almramhi, Hussein Sheikh Ali Mohamoud, Rayan Al-Rehaili, Hams Saeed Al-Zahrani, Rehab Serafi, Huanming Yang, Jumana Yousuf Al-Aama
Papillon-Lefevre syndrome (PALS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by periodontitis and hyperkeratosis over the palms and soles. Mutations in the cathepsin C gene (CTSC) have been recognized as the cause of PALS since the late 1990s. More than 75 mutations in CTSC have been identified, and phenotypic variability between different mutations has been described. Next generation sequencing is widely used for efficient molecular diagnostics in various clinical practices. Here we investigated a large consanguineous Saudi family with four affected and four unaffected individuals...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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