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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340098/effect-of-fluoride-releasing-resin-composite-in-white-spot-lesions-prevention-a-single-centre-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Mohannad M Alabdullah, Alaa Nabawia, Mowaffak A Ajaj, Humam Saltaji
Introduction: The objective of this two-arm split-mouth randomized trial, was to evaluate the ability of fluoride-releasing resin composite to prevent demineralization and white spot lesion (WSL) formation, during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Methods: Patients needing comprehensive orthodontic treatment were randomly allocated into two groups, according to the half split-mouth technique. This trial examined a total of 300 teeth in each group: the control group, in which brackets were fixed with a non-fluoride-containing adhesive resin; and the intervention group, in which brackets were fixed with a fluoride-containing adhesive resin...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328609/evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-trauma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-modified-classification-system-and-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-its-management
#2
Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania K Schoinohoriti, Minas Leventis, Ioannis Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze dentoalveolar trauma in pediatric patients, propose a modified classification, and delineate an approach for its urgent care from the surgeon's perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients, attended at the 'A. and P. Kyriakou' Children's Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2000 to 2015, were retrieved and data were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 365 cases of dentoalveolar trauma, affecting 363 children and adolescents (221 males and 142 females), with an age range from 1 to 15 years, were treated in the authors' department...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327525/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-in-shanghai-china
#3
Xinhua Zhou, Ying Zhang, Yan Wang, Hao Zhang, Li Chen, Yuehua Liu
The aim of the present study was to obtain the prevalence of malocclusions in preschool children in Shanghai, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2335 children aged 3-5 years from kindergartens. Several occlusal parameters were clinically assessed, including second deciduous molar terminal plane, canine relationship, degree of overjet and overbite, anterior and posterior crossbite, and the presence or absence of physiologic spaces and crowding. All parents of subjects were asked to fill in the oral health knowledge questionnaires...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327260/vitamin-d-and-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition
#4
Ana Lucia Seminario, Elizabet Velan
Traditionally classified as a vitamin, vitamin D represents a group of fat-soluble secosteroids with D2 (ergocalciferol) and D3 (cholecalciferol) being the most relevant of the group. The importance of this prohormone exceeds its known ability to maintain intra- and extracellular calcium and phosphate concentrations, thereby preserving essential metabolic functions such as the promotion of mineralization and maintenance and remodeling of the bone. Current observational research recognizes the potential antiproliferative, prodifferentiative, and immunomodulatory effects of vitamin D and its metabolites in the human body...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326982/maxillary-canine-tooth-extraction-for-class-2-malocclusion-in-a-dog
#5
Molly Angel
Malocclusion in dogs is commonly diagnosed in puppies when the primary dentition is present. Interceptive orthodontic treatment may be elected to temporarily resolve painful contact points with the primary dentition. However, the adult dentition must be monitored closely and treated to achieve a lifelong, pain-free occlusion. This case report illustrates interceptive orthodontic treatment of deciduous and permanent dentition to treat a class 2 malocclusion in a dog. Extraction of the permanent maxillary canine tooth was elected to resolve abnormal contact from the mandibular canine in a single anesthetic episode...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326155/dental-plaque-microbial-profiles-of-children-from-khartoum-sudan-with-congenital-heart-defects
#6
Hiba Mohamed Ali, Ellen Berggreen, Daniel Nguyen, Raouf Wahab Ali, Thomas E Van Dyke, Hatice Hasturk, Manal Mustafa
Few studies have focused on the bacterial species associated with the deterioration of the dental and gingival health of children with congenital heart defects (CHD). The aims of this study were (1) to examine the dental plaque of children with CHD in order to quantify bacterial load and altered bacterial composition compared with children without CHD; and (2) to investigate the correlation between the level of caries and gingivitis and dental biofilm bacteria among those children. In this cross-sectional study, participants were children (3-12 years) recruited in Khartoum State, Sudan...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322357/assessment-of-dental-caries-experience-and-periodontal-health-status-among-children-with-haemophilia-in-new-delhi-india-a-case-control-study
#7
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
PURPOSE: To assess the caries experience and periodontal health status among children with haemophilia in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case control study was conducted in New Delhi over a 14-month period. Data were collected from 110 children, of which 55 children had haemophilia and 55 were healthy. Caries was assessed in terms of decayed, missing and filled teeth, according to WHO criteria, while periodontal health status was assessed regarding plaque present, and recorded by utilising the Silness and Löe plaque index...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288297/early-rehabilitation-of-incisors-with-dentinogenesis-imperfecta-type-ii-case-report
#8
Ana Paula Ca Beltrame, Maíra Mery Rosa, Ricardo At Noschang, Izabel Cs Almeida
Dentinogenesis imperfecta is an phenotypic alteration in the formation of the organic matrix. It causes the rapid and progressive wear of tooth structure, which may compromise tooth function and aesthetics. This is a case of a 1y, 8m-old child with dentinogenesis imperfecta. All teeth presented with an opalescent appearance and grayish color hue. Compromised structural integrity was noted as excessive wear and fracturing of the enamel from the dentin layer. With low doses of midazolam (oral) and chloral hydrate (rectal) administration, in a hospital environment, sedation was used to aid full mouth rehabilitation...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288296/effect-of-cpp-acp-or-a-potassium-nitrate-sodium-fluoride-dentifrice-on-enamel-erosion-prevention
#9
F I Zawaideh, A I Owais, S Mushtaha
AIM: To investigate in situ/ex vivo the effect of remineralizing agents in the prevention of dental erosion in permanent and primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, double-blind study with crossover design with three treatment phases: Control, ProNamel(®) and Tooth Mousse(™). Twenty adults and children wore removable palatal appliances containing two insets of permanent and primary human enamel and used the corresponding assigned toothpaste twice daily for 10 days...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281955/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-ii-rubber-dam-isolation
#10
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess usage, indications, and contraindications for rubber dam isolation (RDI) by pediatric dentists in Canada and the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based, self-administered survey was utilized to collect the opinions of all active pediatric dentist members of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth (n equals 4,648; 19...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274054/occlusal-traits-of-primary-dentition-among-pre-school-children-of-mehsana-district-north-gujarat-india
#11
Shoba Fernandes, Dhvani Gordhanbhai Patel, Eraveni Ranadheer, Jayasudha Kalgudi, Jaysukh Santokì, Shaila Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Aesthetic and functional problems in the dentofacial complex among children are often attributed to the disturbances in the dentofacial growth and development. This can be recognized during routine dental visits. This study pursued to assess the occlusion of the primary dentition in three to five-year-old children. AIM: To study the occlusal traits of the primary dentition in a group of three to five-year-old North Gujarat children of Mehsana district and the variation in their occlusion relative to age and gender in the same group...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263433/salivary-secretory-iga-concentration-and-dental-caries-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#12
Lina N Hashizume, Carolina Schwertner, Maurício José Santos Moreira, Adriana Simon Coitinho, Lavinia Schuler Faccini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) concentration and dental caries in children with Down syndrome (DS) and compare it with findings in non-DS children. METHODS: The sample comprised 61 DS children and 52 non-DS children, aged 6 to 14 years. Caries experience, plaque index (PI), and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded. Saliva samples were collected from all children. Total salivary sIgA concentrations were determined using an enzymatic assay method...
March 6, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251593/frontonasal-dysplasia-oral-features-restorative-and-orthodontic-dental-treatment-in-a-child
#13
R A Valério, C Scatena, F R R Santos, F L Romano, A M Queiroz, F W G Paula-Silva
BACKGROUND: Frontonasal dysplasia is a complex rare malformation, characterised by abnormalities involving the central portion of the face, especially the eyes, nose and forehead. It can manifest independently or associated with other abnormalities as part of some syndromes. CASE REPORT: The purpose of this case report was to describe a 5-year-old patient, diagnosed with frontonasal dysplasia. Among the abnormalities characterised with this disorder were ocular hypertelorism, broad nose tip with median notch, median facial cleft, bifid anterior skull, low set hairline, Poland's syndactyly and ankyloglossia...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247574/the-first-permanent-molar-spontaneous-eruption-after-a-five-year-failure
#14
Vinay N Mistry, Christopher S Barker, R James Spencer
BACKGROUND: It is rare for a first permanent molar (FPM) to temporarily exhibit clinical features of failure of eruption, followed by regeneration of full eruptive capacity 5 years later. Indeterminate failure of eruption (IFE) is a diagnosis of exclusion where the distinction between primary failure of eruption (PFE) and mechanical failure of eruption (MFE) is unclear, including patients too young to specify. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old girl attended the orthodontic clinic at Mid Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust regarding an unerupted lower right FPM...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241059/exceptionally-prolonged-tooth-formation-in-elasmosaurid-plesiosaurians
#15
Benjamin P Kear, Dennis Larsson, Johan Lindgren, Martin Kundrát
Elasmosaurid plesiosaurians were globally prolific marine reptiles that dominated the Mesozoic seas for over 70 million years. Their iconic body-plan incorporated an exceedingly long neck and small skull equipped with prominent intermeshing 'fangs'. How this bizarre dental apparatus was employed in feeding is uncertain, but fossilized gut contents indicate a diverse diet of small pelagic vertebrates, cephalopods and epifaunal benthos. Here we report the first plesiosaurian tooth formation rates as a mechanism for servicing the functional dentition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221363/premature-primary-tooth-eruption-in-cognitive-motor-delayed-adnp-mutated-children
#16
I Gozes, A Van Dijck, G Hacohen-Kleiman, I Grigg, G Karmon, E Giladi, M Eger, Y Gabet, M Pasmanik-Chor, E Cappuyns, O Elpeleg, R F Kooy, S Bedrosian-Sermone
A major flaw in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) management is late diagnosis. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) is a most frequent de novo mutated ASD-related gene. Functionally, ADNP protects nerve cells against electrical blockade. In mice, complete Adnp deficiency results in dysregulation of over 400 genes and failure to form a brain. Adnp haploinsufficiency results in cognitive and social deficiencies coupled to sex- and age-dependent deficits in the key microtubule and ion channel pathways...
February 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206899/relating-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-caries-experience-using-the-decayed-missing-or-filled-index
#17
Gabriela C A Americano, Roberta C Jorge, Luiz Flávio Moliterno, Vera M Soviero
PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to investigate the association between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and caries experience in seven- to 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children seen in a pediatric dental clinic in 2011 to 2012 and born in 2002, 2003, or 2004 were considered eligible. Children with decayed, missing, or filled teeth in the permanent dentition (DMF-T) were allocated to the case group, and those with no DMF-T were allocated to the control group...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206898/fluoride-varnish-applications-in-preschoolers-and-dental-fluorosis-in-permanent-incisors-results-of-a-nested-cohort-study-within-a-clinical-trial
#18
Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Marcella Cristina Bordallo Malta, Mirian de Waele Souchois de Marsillac, Branca Heloisa de Oliveira
PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence and severity of fluorosis in the permanent maxillary incisors of children who had participated in a two-year randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial on fluoride varnish application in the primary dentition and to assess children's esthetic perception of their teeth. METHODS: Parents of 200 one- to four-year-old children who had received biannual applications of fluoride or placebo varnish were contacted four years after the end of the trial...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#19
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163858/parents-oral-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-their-children-s-dental-health-status
#20
Effat Khodadadi, Ayshe Niknahad, Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Mina Motallebnejad
INTRODUCTION: Because parents play a key role in children's dental health, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' oral health literacy (OHL) and their children's dental health status in Babol, Iran. METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 384 children aged 21 months to 84 months who attended the dental clinic of Babol University of Medical Sciences between September 2015 and February 2016 were examined. We measured dmft index only for primary dentition; during examination the accompanying parent completed the "Oral Health Literacy-Adults Questionnaire"...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
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