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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540937/dental-caries
#1
REVIEW
Nigel B Pitts, Domenick T Zero, Phil D Marsh, Kim Ekstrand, Jane A Weintraub, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Junji Tagami, Svante Twetman, Georgios Tsakos, Amid Ismail
Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. Caries can occur throughout life, both in primary and permanent dentitions, and can damage the tooth crown and, in later life, exposed root surfaces. The balance between pathological and protective factors influences the initiation and progression of caries. This interplay between factors underpins the classification of individuals and groups into caries risk categories, allowing an increasingly tailored approach to care...
May 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535364/dental-decay-phenotype-in-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefting
#2
B J Howe, M E Cooper, G L Wehby, J M Resick, N L Nidey, L C Valencia-Ramirez, A M Lopez-Palacio, D Rivera, A R Vieira, S M Weinberg, M L Marazita, L M Moreno Uribe
Although children with oral clefts have a higher risk for dental anomalies when compared with the general population, prior studies have shown conflicting results regarding their dental decay risk. Also, few studies have assessed dental decay risk in unaffected relatives of children with clefts. Thus, the question of increased risk of dental decay in individuals with oral clefts or their unaffected relatives is still open for empirical investigation. This study characterizes dental decay in the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts and their relatives, as compared with controls, and it addresses whether families with oral clefts have a significantly increased risk for dental decay versus the general population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511531/occurrence-of-cusp-of-carabelli-in-primary-second-molar-series-of-three-cases
#3
Mythri Sarpangala, Ashwin Devasya
Morphological variations are seen in both primary and permanent dentitions. Cusp of Carabelli is also one of them. It is suggested that it is due to over activity of dental lamina but definitive aetiology is unknown. It is a type of accessory cusp, occurs more often in permanent maxillary first molars, whereas, its occurrence in primary tooth is rare. The present case series discusses the presence of cusp of Carabelli in primary maxillary second molars in three different cases. This case series will help clinicians to identify, diagnose and take proper preventive care and also adds to the incidence in literature...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507130/spatially-restricted-dental-regeneration-drives-pufferfish-beak-development
#4
Alexandre P Thiery, Takanori Shono, Daisuke Kurokawa, Ralf Britz, Zerina Johanson, Gareth J Fraser
Vertebrate dentitions are extraordinarily diverse in both morphology and regenerative capacity. The teleost order Tetraodontiformes exhibits an exceptional array of novel dental morphologies, epitomized by constrained beak-like dentitions in several families, i.e., porcupinefishes, three-toothed pufferfishes, ocean sunfishes, and pufferfishes. Modification of tooth replacement within these groups leads to the progressive accumulation of tooth generations, underlying the structure of their beaks. We focus on the dentition of the pufferfish (Tetraodontidae) because of its distinct dental morphology...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494598/dental-trauma-in-italian-children-and-adolescents-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#5
S Bagattoni, A Sadotti, G D'Alessandro, G Piana
AIM: Dental trauma is a frequent finding in people with special health care needs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental trauma in a sample of Italian children and adolescents with special health care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 556 medical and dental records of children and adolescents visited from January 2010 to March 2015 were examined. Information about medical diagnosis, gender, site and type of dental trauma (DT) were collected...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475095/functional-and-esthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-child-with-amelogenesis-imperfecta-a-case-report
#6
Carmem Dolores Vilarinho Soares de Moura, Alessandra Silva Pontes, Teresinha Soares Pereira Lopes, Lúcia Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura, Marina Deus Moura de Lima
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a tooth disorder characterized by the abnormal development of the enamel in response to mutations in the genes involved in amelogenesis. The objective of this article is to present the clinical case of a child with AI in the primary dentition phase. A 4-year-old boy was presented to a clinic by his mother, who complained that her son's smile esthetics were compromised by "weak and yellow teeth." All the teeth showed yellowish discoloration as well as crumbling or missing enamel...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475088/rare-sequelae-in-the-permanent-successor-due-to-trauma-in-the-primary-incisor-a-case-report
#7
Juliana Sayuri Kimura, Isabela Capparelli Cadioli, Daniela Mazzotti Bressan Alves, Cássio José Fornazari Alencar, Ricardo De Nardi Fonoff, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
Severe dental trauma-such as intrusion or avulsion-to the primary dentition in infants and toddlers may cause developmental disturbances in the permanent successor. In this case, a 9-year-old boy was referred for treatment due to the absence of his permanent maxillary right central incisor. The mother reported avulsion of the corresponding primary tooth when the patient was 2 years old. The radiographic examination revealed impaction and root dilaceration of the permanent tooth; therefore, the treatment plan was tooth extraction...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475081/effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-caries-prevention-and-arrest-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Violeta Contreras, Milagros J Toro, Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación-Burgos
This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in preventing and arresting caries in the primary dentition and permanent first molars. A systematic review (SR) was performed by 2 independent reviewers using 3 electronic databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). The database search employed the following key words: "topical fluorides" AND "children" AND "clinical trials"; "topical fluorides" OR "silver diamine fluoride" AND "randomized controlled trial"; "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children" OR "primary dentition" AND "tooth decay"; "silver diamine fluoride" OR "sodium fluoride varnish" AND "early childhood caries"; and "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children"...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468159/association-between-odontoma-and-impacted-teeth
#9
Gaetano Isola, Marco Cicciù, Luca Fiorillo, Giovanni Matarese
Odontoma is considered to be the most common odontogenic tumor of the oral cavity. Most odontomas are asymptomatic and are discovered during routine radiographic investigations and can cause disturbances in the eruption of the teeth, most commonly delayed eruption or deflection. By a retrospective study design, demographic and clinical data regarding patients who presented odontomas from year 1995 to 2015 were obtained in order and the influence of active therapy on the dentition and on the treatment of impacted teeth was analyzed...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460562/treatment-duration-and-gingival-inflammation-in-angle-s-class-i-malocclusion-patients-treated-with-the-conventional-straight-wire-method-and-the-damon-technique-a-single-centre-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Dimitrios Mavreas, Lazaros Tsalikis, Vassilis Karagiannis, Athanasios E Athanasiou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration of orthodontic treatment and Gingival Index (GI) scores in Class I malocclusion patients treated with a conventional straight-wire method (CG) or the Damon technique (DT). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomised clinical trial Setting: A postgraduate orthodontic clinic Participants: Patients with a balanced facial profile, a full permanent dentition and Angle's Class I malocclusion with moderate crowding. METHODS: The primary outcome was the duration of orthodontic treatment in months...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444019/non-surgical-treatment-of-transverse-deficiency-in-adults-using-microimplant-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-marpe
#11
Daniel Paludo Brunetto, Eduardo Franzzotti Sant'Anna, Andre Wilson Machado, Won Moon
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary transverse deficiency is a highly prevalent malocclusion present in all age groups, from primary to permanent dentition. If not treated on time, it can aggravate and evolve to a more complex malocclusion, hindering facial growth and development. Aside from the occlusal consequences, the deficiency can bring about serious respiratory problems as well, due to the consequent nasal constriction usually associated. In growing patients, this condition can be easily handled with a conventional rapid palatal expansion...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418413/-how-useful-is-restorative-care-in-the-primary-dentition
#12
J E Frencken
Too many children develop carious lesions and many such lesions progress into a dentine carious lesion. In 2010, the percentage of dentine carious lesions in the primary dentition of 6-year-old Dutch children that were restored was less than 50 per cent. Owing to research, the necessity to restore dentine carious lesions routinely has been called into question. Current understanding of cariologic principles point in the direction of a causal treatment that is based on cleaning accessible dentine carious cavities and those that can be made accessible, possibly supported by the application of silver diamine fluoride...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394107/prevalence-type-and-etiology-of-dental-and-soft-tissue-injuries-in-children-in-croatia
#13
Josip Škaričić, Marko Vuletić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
The prevalence, type and etiology of dental and soft tissue injuries and relationship between the time of arrival and sustaining soft tissue injury were analyzed in this retrospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Dental Clinic in Zagreb, Croatia, during the 2010-2014 period using documentation on 447 patients (264 male and 183 female) aged 1-16 years with injuries of primary and permanent teeth. The highest prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) was found in the 7-12 age group and maxillary central incisors were most frequently affected (80...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393814/exploring-the-multitude-of-risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#14
Madhu Kakanur, Mihir Nayak, Sandyadevi S Patil, Rachna Thakur, Santhosh T Paul, Nisha Tewathia
CONTEXT: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5 years in Bengaluru city...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390464/caries-experience-and-periodontal-status-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#15
Kadyja Assis Veiga, Alessandra Nogueira Porto, Fernanda Zanol Matos, Pammela Cris Brandão de Brito, Álvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Andreza Maria Fábio Aranha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate of dental caries and the periodontal status of children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare them with gender- and age-matched control subjects. METHODS: A total of 156 five- to 18-year-olds, with or without CLP, were examined for dental caries (decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth and primary surfaces [DMFT and dmfs, respectively] indices), plaque index (PI), the gingival bleeding index (BI), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing pocket depth (PPD)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384987/a-rare-case-of-twinning-involving-primary-maxillary-lateral-incisor-with-review-of-literature
#16
Santosh Hunasgi, Anila Koneru, Vardendra Manvikar, M Vanishree, Rudraraju Amrutha
Twinning is referred to the development of two separate teeth that arose from the complete separation of one tooth bud. To the best of our knowledge very few cases of twinning in primary or permanent dentition have been previously reported. Here, we report an additional case of twinning involving primary maxillary left lateral incisor and a literature review of clinical and radiographic findings of previous reported cases of gemination and twinning is also discussed. A six-year-old male patient reported to the dental clinic with the complaint of decay in the left front teeth region of the upper jaw...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382465/significance-of-genetic-variations-in-developmental-enamel-defects-of-primary-dentition-in-polish-children
#17
Karolina Gerreth, Katarzyna Zaorska, Maciej Zabel, Michal Nowicki, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to reveal the association between developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ENAM, AMELX, AMBN, TUFT1, and TFIP11 genes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The molecular analysis was carried out in 52 children, aged 10-42 months, from four nursery schools situated in the region of Poznan, Poland (26 individuals with hypomineralization and/or hypoplasia of enamel - "cases" and 26 unaffected children - "controls"), chosen from 262 individuals that had prior dental examination...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381737/alveolar-growth-in-japanese-infants-a-comparison-between-now-and-40-years-ago
#18
Hiroki Imai, Tetsuhide Makiguchi, Aiko Arakawa, Ayako Tashiro, Takuro Yonezu, Seikou Shintani
To investigate differences in alveolar growth during the primary dentition period among different age groups, dental arch width, length, and height were measured in 93 dental arch plaster models obtained from 4-year-olds born between 1968 and 1974, 88 from 5-year-olds born between 1968 and 1974 (70s group), 61 from 4-year-olds born between 2007 and 2009, and 56 from 5-year-olds born between 2006 and 2008 (2000s group). A comparison was also performed to determine whether there was any difference in change between 4 and 5 years of age...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377664/diagnosis-and-management-of-hidden-caries-in-a-primary-molar-tooth
#19
Arwa Gera, Uri Zilberman
Hidden caries is a dentinal lesion beneath the dentinoenamel junction, visible on radiographs. A single report described this lesion in primary dentition. This case report describes a case of hidden caries in a mandibular second primary molar, misdiagnosed as malignant swelling. A 3-year-old white girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a chief complaint of pain and extraoral swelling on the right side of the mandible for the last 3 months. She was earlier referred to the surgical department for biopsy of the lesion...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377651/a-cross-sectional-study-for-assessment-of-untreated-dental-caries-and-its-consequences-among-slum-dwelling-children
#20
Charu Marya, Sakshi Kataria, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder S Oberoi, Chandan Dhingra, Dimple Arora
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries affects humans of all ages throughout the world and remains the major dental public health problem among children globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the cluster sampling technique to obtain the required sample size of 400 children from urban slum population of Faridabad, Haryana, India. Data were collected using World Health Organization dentition status 1997 criteria and PUFA/pufa index. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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