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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764428/palatal-dimensions-at-different-stages-of-dentition-in-5-to-18-year-old-iranian-children-and-adolescent-with-normal-occlusion
#1
Gholamreza Eslami Amirabadi, Amin Golshah, Sepideh Derakhshan, Shahla Khandan, Mahshid Saeidipour, Nafiseh Nikkerdar
BACKGROUND: This study was purposed to evaluate palatal width, height, and height index at various stages of dentition in Iranian children and adolescent with normal occlusion. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 237 children (45% male and 55% female, aged 5-18 years) with normal occlusion selected from kindergartens and elementary and high schools in Hamadan, Iran. The subjects were clinically examined and classified based on dentition to primary (21...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761341/the-prevalence-of-developmental-defects-of-enamel-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-adolescents-in-western-sweden-a-barn-i-tanadvarden-bita-children-in-dental-care-study
#2
B Jälevik, A Szigyarto-Matei, A Robertson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of different types of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) in varying age-cohorts and habitations, and to analyse if early trauma to the primary teeth and early subsequent serious health problems were related to DDE in the permanent dentition. Dental fear and anxiety, and aesthetic problems as a consequence of DDE were also investigated. METHODS: DDE was registered over 5 years annually in three age cohorts (796 children). The DDE index (FDI Commision on Oral Health, Research and Epidemiology, Int Dent J 42:411-426, 1992) was used...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743889/oral-health-status-of-syrian-children-in-the-refugee-center-of-melilla-spain
#3
Sabrina Gonçalves Riatto, Javier Montero, David Ribas Pérez, Antonio Castaño-Séiquer, Abraham Dib
Introduction: Little is known about the state of oral health among immigrants from conflict zones, such as the refugee children from the Syrian Civil War. Aim: To determine the oral health status of Syrian immigrant children refugee at the Center for Temporary Stay of Immigrants in Melilla to plan prevention and care programs. Design: Using the criteria set by the World Health Organization, an exploration of the oral cavity of all Syrian children aged 5-13 living at that center was conducted in May 2015...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742233/income-trajectories-affect-treatment-of-dental-caries-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#4
Marco Aurelio Peres, Pingzhou Liu, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva, Fernando Cesar Wehrmeister, Ana Maria Menezes, Karen Glazer Peres
We aimed to analyze the effects of family income trajectories on the increase in dental caries from childhood to young adulthood. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study, in which dental caries was measured at ages 6, 12, and 18 years, were analyzed. Family income of 302 participants was assessed at birth, and at 4, 11, 15, and 18 years of age. Mother's education, toothbrushing frequency, dental visiting, dental caries in primary dentition, and birth weight were covariates. A latent class growth analysis was conducted to characterize trajectories of time-varying variables...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706218/prediction-of-the-occurrence-and-severity-of-mandibular-incisor-crowding-in-the-early-mixed-dentition-using-craniofacial-parameters
#5
Ahmadreza Sardarian, Faezeh Ghaderi
INTRODUCTION: With the recent interest in esthetics at an early age, prediction of mandibular incisor crowding is of significant importance. Since dental arch development is related to craniofacial growth, we conducted a cohort study to find a regression model for mandibular incisor crowding based on various craniofacial parameters in children. METHODS: A total of 250 children, all in the early mixed dentition, were selected randomly by cluster sampling from primary schools...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698138/dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-during-and-after-antineoplastic-chemotherapy
#6
Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Agnieszka Brożyna, Anna Turska-Szybka, Bożenna Dembowska-Bagińska
OBJECTIVE: To assess caries incidence, intensity, and treatment in children and adolescents under/after antineoplastic treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with permanent and mixed dentition were divided into three groups of 60 patients each (5-18 years): CH - under chemotherapy; PCH - after chemotherapy; CG - generally healthy subjects. Caries incidence, intensity (DMFT/dmft, DMFS/dmfs), and mean numbers of teeth/surfaces with white spot lesions-WSL (D1+2 /d1+2 ) were assessed following the ICDAS-II criteria...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691907/investigation-of-maxillofacial-morphology-and-oral-characteristics-with-turner-syndrome-and-early-mixed-dentition
#7
Nozomi Ahiko, Yoshiyuki Baba, Michiko Tsuji, Reiko Horikawa, Keiji Moriyama
Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with an X chromosome abnormality in women and is characterized by infantilism, congenital webbed neck, and cubitus valgus. The aim of this study was to determine the maxillofacial morphology and oral characteristics of Japanese girls (mean age, 8.5 years) with TS and early mixed dentition. Lateral cephalograms obtained at the first visit were used to analyze maxillofacial morphology. Oral characteristics were identified using orthopantomograms, intraoral photographs, and study casts...
April 25, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687341/correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-difficult-mask-ventilation-and-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-an-observational-study
#8
Aylin Özdilek, Cigdem Akyol Beyoglu, Şafak Emre Erbabacan, Birsel Ekici, Fatiş Altındaş, Suphi Vehid, Güniz Meyancı Köksal
PURPOSE: Mask ventilation and laryngoscopy can be challenging in morbidly obese patients because of excessive fat tissue. There are studies suggesting that neck circumference is associated with difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy, and difficult intubation. The primary aim of our study is to evaluate predictive value of neck circumference for difficult mask ventilation and difficult laryngoscopy in female and male morbidly obese patients separately. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed in the period between March 2015 and December 2015...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681097/philtrum-length-and-intercommissural-distance-measurements-at-mixed-dentition-period
#9
Mostafa Mostafa, Nehal Hassib, Inas Sayed, Amany Neamat, Magda Ramzy, Tarek El-Badry, Hisham ElGabry, Haidy Salem, Nada Omar, Amira Ismail, Yousra Ibrahim, Amr Shebaita, Ahmed Allam, Magdy Mostafa
Anthropometric measurements of the lip and mouth are of great importance in clinical dysmorphology as well as reconstructive plastic surgery. In this study, the philtrum length (PhL) and intercommissural distance (ICmD) nomograms for Egyptian children in the mixed dentition period were established. A group of 1,338 Egyptian students in primary schools (735 boys and 603 girls) were included in the study. The students were at mixed dentition period and their ages ranged from 7 to 12 years. Anthropometric norms of PhL and ICmD were developed with significant sex difference in certain groups...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675511/is-adhesive-bond-strength-similar-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Carine Weber Pires, Eloisa Barbieri Soldera, Laura Izabel Lampert Bonzanini, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Anelise Fernandes Montagner, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on laboratory studies to determine whether the bond strength of adhesives to primary teeth is similar to that to permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42014015160). A comprehensive literature search was conducted considering in vitro studies published up to June 2015 in the PubMed/MEDLINE database, with no limit on year of publication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667264/metagenomic-analysis-of-oral-microbiome-in-young-children-aged-6-8-y-living-in-a-rural-isolated-chinese-province
#11
Yuan Xu, Yuhuan Jia, Liang Chen, Wenming Huang, Deqin Yang
BACKGROUND: The mixed dentition is an important transition period from primary teeth. to permanent teeth. However, the caries prevalence of first permanent molar in mixed dentitions was about 30%, which almost represent the caries rate of permanent teeth in this period of time. Therefore, we assessed the oral bacterial profiles in young children (age 6-8) with mixed dentition with or without first molar caries for providing the research basis of caries etiology. METHODS: We collected samples of supragingival plaque and saliva from the children living in Guizhou, a rural isolated province in China...
April 18, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652537/subphenotyping-and-classification-of-cleft-lip-and-alveolus-in-adult-unoperated-patients-a-new-embryological-approach
#12
Christl Vermeij-Keers, Anna M Rozendaal, Antonius J M Luijsterburg, Benny S Latief, Costas Lekkas, Lea Kragt, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
OBJECTIVE: Previously, a new embryological classification was introduced subdividing oral clefts into fusion and/or differentiation defects. This subdivision was used to classify all subphenotypes of cleft lip with or without alveolus (CL±A). Subsequently, it was investigated whether further morphological grading of incomplete CLs is clinically relevant, and which alveolar part is deficient in fusion/differentiation defects. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Three hundred fifty adult unoperated Indonesian cleft patients presented themselves for operation...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607837/oral-health-and-glycosylated-hemoglobin-among-type-1-diabetes-children-in-south-india
#13
K Vidya, Prakashchandra Shetty, Latha Anandakrishna
Background: The study was an attempt to evaluate the relationship between oral health status and the level of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes patients. Methods: The study was carried out in 87 children with type 1 diabetes, aged 8-16 years, attending a diabetes specialty hospital. The oral health of these patients was measured using the WHO 1997 Oral Health Survey criteria for diagnosis of dental caries, gingival index, and plaque index. Samples were then divided into two groups as controlled (≤6...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607836/impact-of-oral-health-related-behaviors-on-dental-caries-among-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-goa-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat, Akanksha Tiwari, Amit Kumar
Background: Children with special health-care needs (CSHCNs) have high unmet dental needs and are at increased risk of poor oral health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between oral health behavior and dental caries experience among CSHCN. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study sample comprised of 223 CSHCNs from special educational schools in Goa. A self-administered parental questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics and oral health behavior variables...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587715/comparative-effectiveness-of-school-based-caries-prevention-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Ryan Richard Ruff, Richard Niederman
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the world's most prevalent childhood disease. School-based caries prevention can reduce the risk of childhood caries by increasing access to care. However, the optimal mix of treatment services, intensity, and frequency of care is unknown. METHODS: Data were derived from two prospective cohorts of US children participating in two caries prevention programs with different treatment intensities. One program provided primary and secondary prevention (glass ionomer sealants and interim therapeutic restorations) and one primary prevention only (glass ionomer sealants), both given twice yearly in six-month intervals...
March 27, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582152/implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-interdisciplinary-preventive-program-to-prevent-early-childhood-caries
#16
Julia Winter, Birgit Bartsch, Claudia Schütz, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Since early childhood caries (ECC) is a major disease in the public health sector, an interdisciplinary prevention concept to avert this disease was developed, launched in a project region, and evaluated. It was examined whether the emergence of ECC could be prevented or curbed with the newly developed program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program encompasses seven pulses of information from an interdisciplinary team (gynecologists, midwives, pediatricians, dentists, municipal social services, and the public health office)...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575874/influence-of-growth-hormone-therapy-on-selected-dental-and-skeletal-system-parameters
#17
Małgorzata Partyka, Renata Chałas, Izabella Dunin-Wilczyńska, Myroslava Drohomyretska, Maria Klatka
INTRODUCTION: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is one of the main indications for growth hormone therapy. One characteristic of this disease is bone age delay in relation to the chronological age. Pituitary dysfunction negatively affects the growth and development of the jaws and teeth of the child. The secretion of endocrine glands regulates growth, development, and gender differentiation. It also controls the growth of bones and teeth, regulates metabolism of calcium and phosphate, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569447/association-between-salivary-cortisol-level-and-caries-in-early-childhood
#18
S Caruso, R Gatto, B Cinque, M G Cifone, A Mattei
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between caries and oral health status, age, salivary cortisol levels, and parental education in children with and without prior dental caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational case-control study was performed including 122 children aged between 3 and 6 years who were clinically examined for caries experience using the sum of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary (dmft index) and permanent (DMFT index) dentition...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568802/evidence-of-early-emergence-of-the-primary-dentition-in-a-northern-plains-american-indian-population
#19
D V Dawson, D R Blanchette, J M Douglass, N Tinanoff, K W O Kramer, J J Warren, K R Phipps, D E Starr, T A Marshall, T R Mabry, K Pagan-Rivera, J A Banas, D R Drake
The purposes of this study were to describe primary tooth emergence in an American Indian (AI) population during the first 36 mo of life to compare 1) patterns of emergence between male and female children and 2) tooth emergence between these AI children and other U.S. ethnic groups. Data were derived from a birth cohort of 239 AI children from a Northern Plains tribe participating in a longitudinal study of early childhood caries, with examination data at target ages of 8, 12, 16, 22, 28, and 36 mo of age (±1 mo)...
April 2018: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568177/multidisciplinary-prognostic-transition-of-a-molar-tooth-for-long-term-survival
#20
Arun Kumar, Ashish Kumar, Komal Puri, Mansi Bansal, Manish Khatri, Puneet Batra
Patients with periodontitis may have one or few teeth with hopeless prognosis, which would have to be extracted before initiation of orthodontic therapy. Periodontal therapy aims to prolong the lifespan of dentition, as preserving natural dentition is always the best treatment option. The decision to retain a tooth is always based on the probability of long-term success of one or more treatment modality. A 17-year-old female patient seeking fixed orthodontic treatment presented with the left mandibular first molar tooth (36) having hopeless periodontal prognosis with advanced primary periodontal and secondary endodontic lesion, grade III mobility, and grade II furcation involvement...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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