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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335687/structure-of-the-bacterial-community-in-different-stages-of-early-childhood-caries
#1
Marcos Ximenes, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Thaisa Cezária Triches, Mariane Cardoso, Ricardo de Souza Vieira
PURPOSE: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326514/modified-angle-s-classification-for-primary-dentition
#2
Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3-6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326500/a-comparative-evaluation-between-cheiloscopic-patterns-and-terminal-planes-in-primary-dentition
#3
R Vignesh, C Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi, Ditto Sharmin
Objective: To assess the correlation between different cheiloscopic patterns with the terminal planes in deciduous dentition. Materials and Methods: Three hundred children who are 3-6 years old with complete primary dentition were recruited, and the pattern of molar terminal plane was recorded in the pro forma. Lip prints of these children were recorded with lipstick-cellophane method, and the middle 10 mm of lower lip was analyzed for the lip print pattern as suggested by Sivapathasundharam et al...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291254/supportive-periodontal-therapy-spt-for-maintaining-the-dentition-in-adults-treated-for-periodontitis
#4
REVIEW
Carolina Manresa, Elena C Sanz-Miralles, Joshua Twigg, Manuel Bravo
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a bacterially-induced, chronic inflammatory disease that destroys the connective tissues and bone that support teeth. Active periodontal treatment aims to reduce the inflammatory response, primarily through eradication of bacterial deposits. Following completion of treatment and arrest of inflammation, supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) is employed to reduce the probability of re-infection and progression of the disease; to maintain teeth without pain, excessive mobility or persistent infection in the long term, and to prevent related oral diseases...
January 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285470/oral-health-status-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates
#5
Haifa Al Hashmi, Mawlood Kowash, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four CP and 125 healthy children were recruited from special needs centers and private/public schools in Dubai. A dental examination for decayed-missing-filled teeth in primary dentition (dmft)/Decayed-Missing-Filled teeth in permanent dentition (DMFT) indices, simplified oral hygiene index, calculus index (CI), and oral debris index was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284935/an-evaluation-of-occlusal-relationship-and-primate-space-in-deciduous-dentition-in-kancheepuram-district-tamil-nadu-india
#6
Daya Srinivasan, Divya Loganathan, S Saravana Kumar, C Joe Louis, Senthil Eagappan, Divya Natarajan
Aim: The objective of the study was to evaluate the occlusal characteristics of primary dentition in 3-5-year-old children in Kancheepuram district. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on children aged 3-5 year old in the Kancheepuram district. A total of 603 children were examined. Occlusal relationship was assessed separately on both right and left side and was classified as a flush terminal plane, mesial step, or distal step. Similarly, occlusal relationship of primary canine was examined and classified as Class I, II, or III...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284075/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-versus-conventional-restorative-treatment-for-managing-dental-caries
#7
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Maria José Martinez-Zapata, Tanya Walsh, Valeria Cc Marinho, Aubrey Sheiham Deceased, Carlos Zaror
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions...
December 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248922/association-between-dental-caries-and-delayed-growth-in-korean-children
#8
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han, Young-Ho Khang
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of dental caries with anthropometric outcomes in 4- to 6-year-old children participating in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The sample size was 1,910 children from the 4th and 5th KNHANES. The caries status was assessed with the decayed and filled teeth index in primary dentition (dft score). We employed height for age, body weight for age, and body mass index for age as outcome variables. Age, gender, region, and income were confounders...
December 16, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244957/hypercementosis-associated-with-enpp1-mutations-and-gaci
#9
V Thumbigere-Math, A Alqadi, N I Chalmers, M B Chavez, E Y Chu, M T Collins, C R Ferreira, K FitzGerald, R I Gafni, W A Gahl, K S Hsu, M S Ramnitz, M J Somerman, S G Ziegler, B L Foster
Mineralization of bones and teeth is tightly regulated by levels of extracellular inorganic phosphate (Pi) and pyrophosphate (PPi). Three regulators that control pericellular concentrations of Pi and PPi include tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP), progressive ankylosis protein (ANK), and ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1). Inactivation of these factors results in mineralization disorders affecting teeth and their supporting structures. This study for the first time analyzed the effect of decreased PPi on dental development in individuals with generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) due to loss-of-function mutations in the ENPP1 gene...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237152/multiple-socioeconomic-factors-and-dental-caries-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#10
Ann-Catrin André Kramer, Max Petzold, Magnus Hakeberg, Anna-Lena Östberg
The study aimed to explore associations between multiple socioeconomic factors and dental caries experience in Swedish children and adolescents (3-19 years old). Electronic dental records from 300,988, in a Swedish region (97.3% coverage) were collected using the DMFT indices (decayed, missing, filled teeth: dependent variables). Socioeconomic status (SES) data (ethnicity, wealth, parental education, and employment) for individuals, parents, and families were obtained from official registers. Principal component analysis was used to explore SES data...
December 14, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228861/a-retrospective-study-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-primary-dentition-treatment-outcomes-of-splinting
#11
Won Chang Cho, Ok Hyung Nam, Mi Sun Kim, Hyo-Seol Lee, Sung Chul Choi
OBJECTIVE: Splinting in primary dentition is limited to several traumatic dental injuries. The prognosis associated with splint use has not been fully investigated. In this study, we investigated the outcomes of traumatic injuries in primary teeth treated with splinting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 137 children with root fractures and lateral and extrusive luxation injuries to their primary teeth who were treated with semi-rigid splints between 2010 and 2016...
December 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224001/dental-caries-and-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-primary-dentition-of-preterm-infants-case-control-observational-study
#12
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
December 9, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197365/prevalence-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-factors-in-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC). A questionnaire was completed by caregivers...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185146/lack-of-association-between-enam-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-in-czech-children
#14
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179384/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-3-injuries-in-the-primary-dentition
#15
Barbro Malmgren, Jens O Andreasen, Marie Therese Flores, Agneta Robertson, Anthony J DiAngelis, Lars Andersson, Giacomo Cavalleri, Nestor Cohenca, Peter Day, Morris Lamar Hicks, Olle Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Juan Onetto, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition present special problems and the management is often different as compared with the permanent dentition. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialities were included in the task group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173854/alignment-efficiency-and-esthetic-performance-of-4-coated-nickel-titanium-archwires-in-orthodontic-patients-over-8%C3%A2-weeks-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Aman Ulhaq, Zaid Esmail, Anis Kamaruddin, Sarah Meadows, Jill Daus, Maddalena Vitale, Letizia Perillo, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this 4-arm parallel study was to evaluate the alignment efficiency and esthetic performance of 4 coated nickel-titanium archwires over an 8-week period. METHODS: Patients in the permanent dentition requiring maxillary and mandibular fixed orthodontic treatment with a preadjusted edgewise appliance were eligible for inclusion. Patients attending 4 hospital departments (United Kingdom and Italy) were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 treatment interventions: (1) BioCosmetic (Forestadent, Pforzheim, Germany), 0...
December 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172356/early-tooth-loss-in-children-a-warning-sign-of-childhood-hypophosphatasia
#17
Sara L Hughes, Rachel C Parkes, Nicholas Drage, Mechelle Collard
Premature exfoliation of primary teeth may be the first manifestation of this serious condition and the general dental practitioner plays an important role in recognizing dental anomalies and referring patients at an appropriate time. This is imperative to ensuring early diagnosis and good quality patient care. This article describes the case of a 4-year-old boy affected by childhood hypophosphatasia, who presented with premature exfoliation of his primary teeth as the first manifestation of this condition...
April 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172335/facial-palsy-masquerading-as-an-acute-dental-abscess
#18
Arif Razzak, Frances O’Leary, Nabeela Ahmed
Facial nerve palsy has specific symptomology, but varied aetiology. Prompt and thorough assessment is required to ascertain if upper or lower motor neurone damage has occurred. This report discusses a 6-year-old female, presenting in the Emergency Department with unilateral facial weakness. Initially thought to be facial swelling relating to her carious dentition, clinical assessment from the maxillofacial team identified that the patient had a unilateral facial palsy, later diagnosed as Bell’s palsy. Her delayed presentation was due to initial misdiagnoses in primary care...
March 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168780/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition-in-a-non-fluoridated-rural-community-of-new-south-wales-australia
#19
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, James Rufus John
Dental caries persists as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children worldwide. This study aims to determine factors that influence dental caries in primary dentition among primary school children residing in the rural non-fluoridated community of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. A total of 495 children aged 5-10 years old from all the six primary schools in Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementation of water fluoridation in 2014. Following parental consent, children were clinically examined for caries in their primary teeth, and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on previous fluoride exposure, diet and relevant socio-demographic characteristics that influence oral health...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168573/oral-health-status-among-children-and-adolescents-in-governmental-and-private-schools-of-the-palestinian-territories
#20
Lamis Abuhaloob, Poul Erik Petersen
BACKGROUND: Political conflicts in the Palestinian Territories (PT) have resulted in systematic deterioration of socio-economic conditions and health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasised the negative impacts of social crisis on children' oral health and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and trends in dental caries and poor gingival health of schoolchildren in the PT through the scholastic years 1998/1999 to 2012/2013. METHODS: This is a retrospective study...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
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