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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891478/customized-modified-haas-palatal-expansion-in-mixed-dentition-a-case-report
#1
Ziauddin Mohammad, Sampath Reddy Cheruku, Sarada Penmetcha, Srinivas Namineni, Phani Himaja Devi Vaaka
The dental arch perimeter and transpalatal width are the most significant arch dimensions in the developing individuals. Its management during the primary, mixed and early permanent dentition are greatly important for the normal development of the dental arches and significantly improve the occlusion in adulthood. Malocclusion is a constant source of threat to the facial appearance. Severe anterior crowding and narrow maxillary arches adversely affect the smile, facial profile and consequently patient becomes handicapped socially as well as psychologically...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891308/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-fluoride-varnish-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-in-reducing-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaque-of-children-an-in-vivo-study
#2
Shweta Chandak, Ashish Bhondey, Amit Bhardwaj, Jitesh Pimpale, Manisha Chandwani
AIM: To assess the comparative efficacy of fluoride varnish and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) complex visa viz. Streptococcus mutans in plaque, and thereby the role that these two agents could play in the prevention of dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cluster sample of 120 caries inactive individuals belonging to moderate and high caries risk group were selected from 3-5-year-old age group based on the criteria given by Krassee and were randomized to four groups, namely, fluoride varnish - Group I, CPP-ACP complex - Group II, mixture of CPP-ACP complex -Gourp III, and fluoride and routine oral hygiene procedures as control - Group IV...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881089/abnormal-primary-and-permanent-dentitions-with-ectodermal-symptoms-predict-wnt10a-deficiency
#3
Birgitta Bergendal, Johanna Norderyd, Xiaolei Zhou, Joakim Klar, Niklas Dahl
BACKGROUND: The WNT10A protein is critical for the development of ectodermal appendages. Variants in the WNT10A gene may be associated with a spectrum of ectodermal abnormalities including extensive tooth agenesis. METHODS: In seven patients with severe tooth agenesis we identified anomalies in primary dentition and additional ectodermal symptoms, and assessed WNT10A mutations by genetic analysis. RESULTS: Investigation of primary dentition revealed peg-shaped crowns of primary mandibular incisors and three individuals had agenesis of at least two primary teeth...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#4
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872549/tooth-numbering-system-in-saudi-arabia-survey
#5
Sulieman S Al-Johany
OBJECTIVE: There were four aims of the current study: (1) to find the most commonly used Tooth Numbering System (TNS) in Saudi Arabia in both academic and non-academic institutions, (2) to identify the most commonly taught TNS in dental colleges, (3) to understand the reasons why dental practitioners prefer to use a specific TNS, and (4) the consequences of using more than one TNS. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Between May 2014 and May 2015, a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was randomly distributed to 121 individuals (20 deans of dental colleges and 101 heads of governmental dental centers)...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868355/oral-health-status-of-six-year-old-children-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-oral-health-survey
#6
M H Al-Thani, A A Al-Thani, A A Al-Emadi, W F Al-Chetachi, H Akram, B V Poovelil
INTRODUCTION: Oral health has a significant impact on physical, social and mental well-being of an individual. Qatar, like the rest of the world, is experiencing higher prevalence of oral health-related problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the oral health status and extent of preventive and curative needs among six-year-old school children in Qatar by key demographic indicators. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of 1124 six-year-old private and government primary school children from the 2011 Qatar National Oral Health Survey was performed...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865212/changes-in-the-oral-health-of-the-children-of-dili-timor-leste-between-2002-and-2014
#7
Lucio F Babo Soares, Penny L Allen, Jenna Kingi, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
INTRODUCTION: This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858309/dental-care-approach-in-patients-with-osteopetrosis
#8
V Detailleur, G Vansteenkiste, M Renard, A Verdonck
AIM: To describe dental and dentofacial characteristics observed in patients diagnosed with osteopetrosis and to advise a dental care approach in these patients. METHODS: Four patients were clinically diagnosed with osteopetrosis, characterised by increased bone density, bone marrow failure, blindness and deafness due to compression of cranial nerves. All patients were dentally screened at different ages (2.5-31 years) and three of them were treated with a haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) at the age of 6 months, 1 and 3...
November 17, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843254/success-rate-of-mta-pulpotomy-on-vital-pulp-of-primary-molars-a-3-year-observational-study
#9
REVIEW
Brinda Godhi, Rishi Tyagi
INTRODUCTION: Vital pulp therapy is a major contributor in the preservation of primary dentition after caries affliction. Introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized such treatment. AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate and correlate the effects of MTA clinically and radiographically on pulpotomized primary molars till their exfoliation or extraction followed by histological evaluation. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational study...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843251/sealing-ability-of-nano-ionomer-in-primary-teeth-an-ex-vivo-study
#10
REVIEW
Fawaz Siddiqui, Swati Karkare
INTRODUCTION: Microleakage is an important consideration in primary dentition because the floor of the cavity preparation may be close to the pulp. The added insult to the pulp caused by seepage of irritants around the restoration and through the thin dentin may produce irreversible pulp damage. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of three light cured (LC) resin-modified glass-ionomer cements (RMGICs) in primary anterior teeth...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827380/carriers-with-functional-null-mutations-in-lama3-have-localized-enamel-abnormalities-due-to-haploinsufficiency
#11
Katarzyna B Gostyńska, Wing Yan Yuen, Anna Maria Gerdina Pasmooij, Cornelius Stellingsma, Hendri H Pas, Henny Lemmink, Marcel F Jonkman
The hereditary blistering disease junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) is always accompanied by structural enamel abnormalities of primary and secondary dentition, characterized as amelogenesis imperfecta. Autosomal recessive mutations in LAMA3, LAMB3 and LAMC2 encoding the heterotrimer laminin 332 (LM-332) are among the genes causing JEB. While examining pedigrees of JEB patients with LAMA3 mutations, we observed that heterozygous carriers of functional null mutations displayed subtle enamel pitting in the absence of skin fragility or other JEB symptoms...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812892/the-effect-of-premature-extraction-of-primary-teeth-on-the-subsequent-need-for-orthodontic-treatment
#12
REVIEW
N Bhujel, M S Duggal, P Saini, P F Day
AIM: This was primarily to examine the effect of premature extraction of primary teeth (PEPT) on subsequent malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition. The secondary aim was to correlate the effect of PEPT with loss of space in the primary and mixed dentitions. METHODS: A predefined protocol was developed and registered prospectively with PROSPERO database. The electronic databases, searched, were MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
November 3, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806364/long-term-effect-of-erythritol-on-dental-caries-development-during-childhood-a-posttreatment-survival-analysis
#13
Gwen Falony, Sisko Honkala, Riina Runnel, Jana Olak, Rita Nõmmela, Silvia Russak, Mare Saag, Pirkko-Liisa Mäkinen, Kauko Mäkinen, Tero Vahlberg, Eino Honkala
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of daily consumption of erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol candies on caries development in mixed dentition during a 3-year intervention and 3 years after the intervention. METHODS: 485 Estonian first- and second-grade primary school children participated. Children were randomly allocated to an erythritol, xylitol, or sorbitol (control) group. Polyol-containing candies were administered on school days with a daily polyol consumption of 3 × 2...
November 3, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805893/hypophosphatasia-evaluation-of-size-and-mineral-density-of-exfoliated-teeth
#14
S Hayashi-Sakai, N Numa-Kinjoh, M Sakamoto, J Sakai, J Matsuyama, T Mitomi, T Sano-Asahito, S Kinoshita-Kawano
OBJECTIVE: Most cases of hypophosphatasia (HPP) exhibit early loss of primary teeth. Results of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis of teeth with HPP have not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to describe the size and mineral density distribution and mapping of exfoliated teeth with HPP using micro CT. STUDY DESIGN: Seven exfoliated teeth were obtained from a patient with HPP. Exfoliated teeth sizes were measured on micro CT images and mineral densities of the mandibular primary central incisors were determined...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795966/linguistic-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-original-oral-health-literacy-adult-questionnaire-ohl-aq
#15
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Linguistically adapted oral health literacy tools are helpful to assess oral health literacy among local population with clarity and understandability. The original oral health literacy adult questionnaire, Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire, was given in English (2013), consisting of 17 items under 4 domains. The present study rationalizes to culturally adapt and validate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi language. Thus, we objectified to translate Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire into Hindi and test its psychometric properties like reliability and validity among primary school teachers...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795219/-hyper-ige-syndrome-lessons-from-function-and-defects-of-stat-3-or-dock-8
#16
Julio César Alcántara-Montiel, Brittany Itzel Vega-Torres
In the classification of primary immunodeficiencies, hyper-IgE syndrome, identified with OMIM code # 147060 in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man catalog, belongs to the group of syndromes associated with combined immunodeficiencies. It is characterized by elevated levels of IgE, eosinophilia, recurrent skin abscesses, pneumonia, lung parenchyma lesions, recurrent infections, rashes in newborns, eczema, sinusitis, otitis, and mucocutaneous candidiasis. Hyper-IgE syndrome can be transmitted by autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive modes of inheritance...
October 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790569/association-between-chewing-side-preference-and-dental-caries-among-deciduous-mixed-and-permanent-dentition
#17
Ullal Anand Nayak, Reena Sharma, Nilotpol Kashyap, Deepesh Prajapati, Damodar Kappadi, Saakshe Wadhwa, Shina Gandotra, Poonam Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Chewing Side Preference (CSP) is said to occur when mastication is recognized exclusively/consistently or predominantly on the same side of the jaw. It can be assessed by using the direct method - visual observation and indirect methods by electric programs, such as cinematography, kinetography and computerized electromyography. AIM: The present study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of CSP in deciduous, mixed and permanent dentitions and relating its association with dental caries...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783198/computer-guided-technique-evaluation-of-the-bony-palate-for-planning-individual-implant-placement
#18
Pinar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Different clinical problems may require a surgical approach to the dental arch, such as dentofacial orthopedics, implant-supported dental prothesis, maxillary orthodontics protraction, removable appliances, and posttraumatic dental reconstruction. The aim of this study is to analyze the dental arch size and type for supporting individual dental protheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the reference measurements on the length of the bony palate, maxillary intercanine width, maxillary intermolar width, and the ratio of the maxillary to the palatinal surface were studied in 120 bony palates using a computer software program...
October 25, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767222/long-term-clinical-response-to-treatment-and-maintenance-of-localized-aggressive-periodontitis-a-cohort-study
#19
Karina A F S Miller, Luciana S Branco-de-Almeida, Sandra Wolf, Nicole Hovencamp, Tina Treloar, Peter Harrison, Ikramuddin Aukhil, Yan Gong, Luciana M Shaddox
AIM: To evaluate long-term clinical response to periodontal therapy and maintenance in localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred forty-one African-Americans diagnosed with LAP, aged 5-25 years, were enrolled. Patients underwent periodontal mechanical debridement plus one week of amoxicillin/metronidazole. Mechanical therapy was repeated as needed and clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, and 2 additional annual follow-up visits after treatment...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766487/dental-anomalies-in-14-patients-with-ip-clinical-and-radiological-analysis-and-review
#20
Fernanda D Santa-Maria, Luiza Monteavaro Mariath, Cláudia S Poziomczyk, Marcia A P Maahs, Rafael F M Rosa, Paulo R G Zen, Lavínia Schüller-Faccini, Ana Elisa Kiszewski
OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge on dental anomalies in patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) has been obtained by examining case reports; however, an overall characterization of such alterations remains lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, type and location of dental alterations in IP using a case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients (9 children and 5 adults) with a clinical diagnosis of IP who presented dental anomalies were included in this study...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
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