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Periprocedural NOAC

Rhanderson Cardoso, Leonardo Knijnik, Aditya Bhonsale, Jared Miller, Guilherme Nasi, Manuel Rivera, Vanessa Blumer, Hugh Calkins
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is recommended as a first- or second-line rhythm control therapy for selected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). There is a wide variability in the periprocedural management of oral anticoagulation in patients undergoing AF ablation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to perform an updated meta-analysis of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) vs vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) as uninterrupted anticoagulation in patients undergoing AF ablation. METHODS: Databases and conference abstracts were searched...
January 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Verena Tscholl, Abdullah Khaled-A Lsharaf, Tina Lin, Barbara Bellmann, Patrick Nagel, Klaus Lenz, Ulf Landmesser, Mattias Roser, Andreas Rillig
BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the safety of periprocedural anticoagulation with novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using the second-generation cryoballoon (CB) for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the incidence of acute periprocedural complications in patients undergoing PVI do not differ between patients treated with VKA compared to NOACs. METHODS: In 200 consecutive patients (mean age, 64...
November 2017: Clinical Cardiology
Melanie A Gunawardene, Jannis Dickow, Benjamin N Schaeffer, Ruken Ö Akbulak, Marc D Lemoine, Jana M Nührich, Mario Jularic, Christoph Sinning, Christian Eickholt, Christian Meyer, Julia M Moser, Boris A Hoffmann, Stephan Willems
INTRODUCTION: The need for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (CA-AF) is still being questioned. The aim of this study is to analyze patients' (patients) risk factors of left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) prior to CA-AF in daily clinical practice, according to oral anticoagulation (OAC) strategies recommended by current guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients scheduled for CA-AF from 01/2015 to 12/2016 in our center were included and either treated with NOACs (novel-OAC; paused 24-hours preablation) or continuous vitamin K antagonists (INR 2...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Eric Black-Maier, Sunghee Kim, Benjamin A Steinberg, Gregg C Fonarow, James V Freeman, Peter R Kowey, Jack Ansell, Bernard J Gersh, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Gerald Naccarelli, Elaine M Hylek, Alan S Go, Eric D Peterson, Jonathan P Piccini
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy is associated with increased periprocedural risks after cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation. Patterns of anticoagulation management involving non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have not been characterized. HYPOTHESIS: Anticoagulation strategies and outcomes differ by anticoagulant type in patients undergoing CIED implantation. METHODS: Using the nationwide Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation, we assessed how atrial fibrillation (AF) patients undergoing CIED implantation were cared for and their subsequent outcomes...
September 2017: Clinical Cardiology
Giacomo Mugnai, Carlo de Asmundis, Saverio Iacopino, Erwin Stroker, Massimo Longobardi, Valentina De Regibus, Hugo Enrique Coutino-Moreno, Ken Takarada, Rajin Choudhury, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Cesare Storti, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
Data evaluating the impact of the periprocedural administration of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) on complications in the setting of pulmonary vein (PV) isolation using cryoballoon (CB) is limited. In the present study, our aim was to analyze procedural characteristics and incidence of complications in those patients who underwent CB ablation for atrial fibrillation and the impact of NOACs on adverse events compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). Consecutive patients with drug resistant atrial fibrillation who underwent PV isolation by CB as index procedure were retrospectively included in our analysis...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Amish N Raval, Joaquin E Cigarroa, Mina K Chung, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Deborah Diercks, Jonathan P Piccini, Hee Soo Jung, Jeffrey B Washam, Babu G Welch, Allyson R Zazulia, Sean P Collins
Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are now widely used as alternatives to warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and management of venous thromboembolism. In clinical practice, there is still widespread uncertainty on how to manage patients on NOACs who bleed or who are at risk for bleeding. Clinical trial data related to NOAC reversal for bleeding and perioperative management are sparse, and recommendations are largely derived from expert opinion. Knowledge of time of last ingestion of the NOAC and renal function is critical to managing these patients given that laboratory measurement is challenging because of the lack of commercially available assays in the United States...
March 7, 2017: Circulation
Yue Zhao, Yuan Yang, Xuejiao Tang, Xiang Yu, Lei Zhang, Hua Xiao
BACKGROUND: New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been shown to be comparable to warfarin in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NOACs for perioperative anticoagulation of AF catheter ablation. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and SinoMed were searched for articles published up to August 30, 2015. The data were calculated with RevMan 5.2 using a fixed-effects model...
April 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
M Buerke, H M Hoffmeister
Many patients under oral anticoagulation therapy need percutaneous or surgical interventions/operations. For vitamin K antagonists (VKA), there are recommendations regarding preoperative or postoperative administration. Management of the new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) was supposed to be easier - but some aspects must be considered. Due to the different pharmacokinetic profiles of substances such as dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban, different recommendations are given.Upon periprocedural management, thromboembolic risk has to be considered in patients treated with NOACs...
March 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Pavel Osmancik, Petr Tousek, Dalibor Herman, Petr Neuzil, Pavel Hala, Josef Stasek, Ludek Haman, Petr Kala, Martin Poloczek, Marian Branny, Jan Chovancik, Pavel Cervinka, Jiri Holy, Vlastimil Vancura, Richard Rokyta, Milos Taborsky, Tomas Kovarnik, David Zemanek, Petr Peichl, Sarka Haskova, Jiri Jarkovsky, Petr Widimsky
Atrial fibrillation (AF), with a prevalence of 1% to 2%, is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Without antithrombotic treatment, the annual risk of a cardioembolic event is 5% to 6%. The source of a cardioembolic event is a thrombus, which is usually formed in the left atrial appendage (LAA). Prevention of cardioembolic events involves treatment with anticoagulant drugs: either vitamin K antagonists or, recently, novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC). The other (nonpharmacologic) option for the prevention of a cardioembolic event involves interventional occlusion of the LAA...
January 2017: American Heart Journal
Melanie Gunawardene, S Willems, B Schäffer, J Moser, R Ö Akbulak, M Jularic, C Eickholt, J Nührich, C Meyer, P Kuklik, S Sehner, V Czerner, B A Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The use of non-vitamin K antagonists (NOACs), uninterrupted (uVKA) and interrupted vitamin K antagonists (iVKA) are common periprocedural oral anticoagulation (OAC) strategies for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Comparative data on complication rates resulting from OAC strategies for solely persistent AF (persAF) undergoing ablation are sparse. Thus, we sought to determine the impact of these OAC strategies on complication rates among patients with persAF undergoing catheter ablation...
January 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Hany S Abed, Vivien Chen, Michael J Kilborn, Raymond W Sy
Oral anticoagulation (OAC) has been the cornerstone for the prevention of thromboembolic complications in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) at significant risk of stroke. Catheter ablation is an established efficacious technique for the treatment of AF. Ameliorating the risk of stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in patients with AF undergoing ablation requires meticulous planning of pharmacotherapy. The advent of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) has broadened the therapeutic scope, representing a viable alternative to traditional vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in non-valvular AF...
December 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Hirosuke Yamaji, Takashi Murakami, Kazuyoshi Hina, Shunich Higashiya, Hiroshi Kawamura, Masaaki Murakami, Shigeshi Kamikawa, Issei Komtasubara, Shozo Kusachi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: During atrial fibrillation ablation, heparin is required and is guided by the activated clotting time (ACT). Differences in the ACT before ablation and adequate initial heparin dosing in patients receiving non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were examined. METHODS: Patients who received warfarin (control, N = 90), dabigatran etexilate (N = 90), rivaroxaban (N = 90) and apixaban (N = 90) were studied. A 100 U/kg dose of heparin was administered as a reliable control dose for warfarin, and the remaining patients were randomly administered 110, 120 or 130 U/kg of heparin in each NOAC group, followed by a continuous heparin infusion...
October 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Suneel D Kamath, Brandon J McMahon
The novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) represent a major advance in the treatment of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism (VTE). They have several advantages over vitamin-K antagonists such as warfarin, including more predictable pharmacokinetics and improved safety, particularly with fatal bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage. However, several issues remain surrounding the use of NOACs in certain subpopulations and with the approach to reversal. The periprocedural management of anticoagulation with these relatively new agents can also present several challenges...
June 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
Andrea Santucci, Robert A Byrne, Andreas Baumbach, Roisin Colleran, Michael Haude, Stephan Windecker, Marco Valgimigli
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the opinion of the scientific community regarding percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC). The main focus of the survey was on concerns and expectations regarding the safety and efficacy profile of LAAC in clinical practice and on current and future clinical perspectives. METHODS AND RESULTS: A voluntary web-based survey was distributed by the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI) to all individuals registered on the EuroIntervention mailing list (n=21,800)...
May 17, 2016: EuroIntervention
Akino Yoshimura, Yasuhisa Iriki, Hitoshi Ichiki, Naoya Oketani, Hideki Okui, Ryuichi Maenosono, Fuminori Namino, Masaaki Miyata, Mitsuru Ohishi
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that dabigatran increased the risk of microthromboembolism and hemopericardium compared with warfarin. The safety of non-vitamin-K-antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in the periprocedural use of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is controversial. This study aimed to compare the incidence of asymptomatic cerebral microthromboembolism and hemopericardium in AF ablation among periprocedural use of rivaroxaban, apixaban, and warfarin. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was a prospective, randomized registry...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiology
Ajay Vallakati, Abhishek Sharma, Mohammed Madmani, Madhu Reddy, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Sampath Gunda, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, William R Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). A large number of patients are on NOACs when they present for AF ablation. We intended to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NOACs for AF ablation during the periprocedural period by performing a meta-analysis of trials comparing NOACs with warfarin. METHODS: Studies comparing NOACs (dabigatran and rivaroxaban) with warfarin as periprocedural anticoagulants for AF ablation were identified using an electronic search...
June 2016: Cardiology and Therapy
Patrick Müller, Philipp Halbfass, Attila Szöllösi, Johannes-Wolfgang Dietrich, Franziska Fochler, Karin Nentwich, Markus Roos, Joachim Krug, Rainer Schmitt, Andreas Mügge, Thomas Deneke
BACKGROUND: Silent cerebral events (SCEs) have been observed on diffusion-weighted cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a substantial number of asymptomatic patients after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. The purpose of this study was to investigate if periprocedural oral anticoagulation (OAC) management affects the incidence of new-onset SCE after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred ninety-two consecutive patients (64 ± 10...
September 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
David F Briceno, Pedro A Villablanca, Florentino Lupercio, Faraj Kargoli, Anand Jagannath, Alejandra Londono, Jignesh Patel, Olufisayo Otusanya, Jeannine Brevik, Carola Maraboto, Cecilia Berardi, Andrew Krumerman, Eugen Palma, Soo G Kim, Andrea Natale, Luigi DI Biase
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate activated clotting time (ACT) during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (CA-AF) is essential to minimize periprocedural complications. METHODS AND RESULTS: An electronic search was performed using major databases. Outcomes were thromboembolic (TE) and bleeding complications according to ACT levels (seconds). Heparin dose (U/kg) and time (minutes) to achieve the target ACT was compared among patients receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) versus non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOAC)...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Christian M Lange, Stephan Fichtlscherer, Wolfgang Miesbach, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg Albert
BACKGROUND: In Germany, more than half a million persons, most of them elderly, are under long-term treatment with anticoagulants. The approval of new oral anticoagulants and platelet aggregation inhibitors, as well as new data on periprocedural bridging with heparins, have introduced marked complexity to the management of treatment with anticoagulants and platelet aggregation inhibitors for endoscopic interventions in visceral surgery. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed, as well as on the relevant guidelines...
February 26, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Tiffany Y Hu, Vaibhav R Vaidya, Samuel J Asirvatham
Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are increasingly used in clinical practice, but lack of commercially available reversal agents is a major barrier for mainstream use of these therapies. Specific antidotes to NOACs are under development. Idarucizumab (aDabi-Fab, BI 655075) is a novel humanized mouse monoclonal antibody that binds dabigatran and reverses its anticoagulant effect. In a recent Phase III study (Reversal Effects of Idarucizumab on Active Dabigatran), a 5 g intravenous infusion of idarucizumab resulted in the normalization of dilute thrombin time in 98% and 93% of the two groups studied, with normalization of ecarin-clotting time in 89% and 88% patients...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
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