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Amy Y Tsou, Jonathan R Treadwell
BACKGROUND: Systematic review (SR) abstracts are important for disseminating evidence syntheses to inform medical decision making. We assess reporting quality in SR abstracts using PRISMA for Abstracts (PRISMA-A), Cochrane Handbook, and Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality guidance. METHODS: We evaluated a random sample of 200 SR abstracts (from 2014) comparing interventions in the general medical literature. We assessed adherence to PRISMA-A criteria, problematic wording in conclusions, and whether "positive" studies described clinical significance...
October 20, 2016: Research Synthesis Methods
Christian Stoppe, Patrick Meybohm, Andreas Goetzenich
The strategy of Remote Ischaemic Conditionings (RIC) is easy to apply, cost effective, low in side effects and belongs to the most potent cardioprotective strategies evaluated within recent years. Its practical application is carried out by simple use of a blood pressure cuff, more precise by 4 repetitive cycles of inflating the cuff above 200 mmHg for 5 minutes followed by an equal long break between the cycles. First experimental and clinical data repetitively demonstrated a significant reduction in myocardial injury following ischemia/reperfusion...
October 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Rodrigo Hagemann, Vanessa Dos Santos Silva, Fábio Cardoso Carvalho, Pasqual Barretti, Luis Cuadrado Martin, Diana Vassallo, Philip A Kalra, Roberto Jorge da Silva Franco
BACKGROUND: To date, renal revascularization has not been shown to be advantageous when compared to optimized medical treatment in patients with atheromatous renovascular disease (ARVD). This study aims to investigate the effect of revascularization in patients with pre-intervention worsening renal function and in those with stable renal function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this single-centre observational study, patients who were diagnosed with at least 60% angiographic stenosis unilaterally or bilaterally between January 1996 and October 2008 and who were followed-up until February 2011 were retrospectively analysed...
October 21, 2016: Nephron
Nicolina E Savvaidou, Lazaros C Triarhou
Professor Emil Redlich (1866-1930) of the University of Vienna was born 150 years ago. Raised in a humble environment, he became an eminent researcher and neurology scholar, and succeeded in laying some of the key foundations of neuroanatomy and neuropathology. His name is linked to medical eponyms that define the dorsal root entry zone into the spinal cord, epidemic disseminated encephalomyelitis, narcolepsy, senile plaques and dementia. As its first director, he managed to organize the Maria-Theresien-Schlössel into a first-class neuropsychiatric hospital...
October 21, 2016: European Neurology
Kari Branham, Hiroko Matsui, Pooja Biswas, Aditya A Guru, Michael Hicks, John J Suk, He Li, David Jakubosky, Tao Long, Amalio Telenti, Naoki Narai, John R Heckenlively, Kelly A Frazar, Paul A Sieving, Radha Ayyagari
While more than 250 genes are known to cause inherited retinal degenerations (IRD), nearly 40-50% of families have the genetic basis for their disease unknown. In this study we sought to identify the underlying cause of inherited retinal degeneration (IRD) in a family by whole genome sequence (WGS) analysis. Clinical characterization including standard ophthalmic examination, fundus photography, visual field testing, electroretinography, and review of medical and family history was performed. WGS was performed on affected and unaffected family members using Illumina HiSeq X10...
October 7, 2016: Physiological Genomics
Hu Luo, Liang Gong, Bingjing Zhu, Ying Huang, Chunlan Tang, Shicang Yu, Zhi Yang, Xiangdong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Few clinical studies have confirmed the role of cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) in the maintenance therapy of advanced lung cancer patients. We investigate effectiveness and tolerability of CIKs as a maintenance therapy in the treatment of advanced lung cancer patients. METHODS: 70 patients with advanced lung cancer (stage IIIB to IV) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical University in Chongqing from Nov. 2011 to Jan...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Kei Itagaki, Minoru Takebayashi, Chiyo Shibasaki, Naoto Kajitani, Hiromi Abe, Mami Okada-Tsuchioka, Shigeto Yamawaki
BACKGROUND: While electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment for depression is highly effective, the high rate of relapse is a critical problem. The current study investigated factors associated with the risk of relapse in mood disorders in patients in which ECT was initially effective. METHOD: The records of 100 patients with mood disorders (61 unipolar depression, 39 bipolar depression) who received and responded to an acute ECT course were retrospectively reviewed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Amara Krag, Gregory L Holmes
Infantile spasms, one of the catastrophic epilepsies, can be a diagnostic challenge since the clinical manifestations may be subtle and may mimic benign conditions. Because of the rarity of the condition, primary care physicians and pediatricians may never see a case of infantile spasms during their career and may be unfamiliar with the seizure semiology. This is a serious issue since there is evidence that early diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome. Patients and families are increasingly using the internet more than their physician as a source of medical information about epilepsy...
October 17, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Ruth S Weinstock, Ingrid Schütz-Fuhrmann, Crystal G Connor, Julia M Hermann, David M Maahs, Morten Schütt, Shivani Agarwal, Sabine E Hofer, Roy W Beck, Reinhard W Holl
AIMS: Compare characteristics, therapies and clinical outcomes in older adults with type 1 diabetes in the United States T1D Exchange (T1DX) and German/Austrian Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) registries. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adults ≥60years old with type 1 diabetes seen in 2011-2012 in the T1DX (n=1283) and DPV (n=2014) registries. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables...
October 4, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Fayyaz Ul Amir Afsar Minhas, Amina Asif, Muhammad Arif
: Feature selection and ranking is of great importance in the analysis of biomedical data. In addition to reducing the number of features used in classification or other machine learning tasks, it allows us to extract meaningful biological and medical information from a machine learning model. Most existing approaches in this domain do not directly model the fact that the relative importance of features can be different in different regions of the feature space. In this work, we present a context aware feature ranking algorithm called CAFÉ-Map...
October 11, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Mohammad Zarei, Arvin Najafi, Pejman Mansouri, Sadaf Sadeghi-Yazdankhah, Houshang Saberi, Mehran Moradi, Mahmoud Farzan
OBJECTIVES: Despite the progress in understanding acute pain physiology during recent decade, eighty percent of patients still suffer from post-operative discomfort. Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant agent that is approved for painful neuropathies in diabetic patients and post herpetic neuralgia. The main objective of the present study was to compare the improvement in post-operative pain management and patient lifestyle in 3 groups, as first group received placebo, second who received Pregabalin for one day and the last group those who received it for 14 days...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Jiasi Yao, Xiu Zhu, Hong Lu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of the Birthrate Plus Workforce Planning Methodology (BR+) to forecast midwifery workforce demand in Chinese settings. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of medical records. SETTING: ten hospitals in Beijing District. METHODS: Hospitals were selected using stratified sampling methods. The client category and midwife hours in each hospital were analysed over 1 month in consecutive three years (2013, 2014, and 2015)...
September 22, 2016: Midwifery
Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Background: Limited information suggests that men who have sex with men (MSM) are informally obtaining antiretroviral medication (ARVs) and using them for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Methods: Data are drawn from an on-going study examining the use of non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP. To date, 24 qualitative interviews have been conducted with HIV-negative, substance-using MSM living in Miami, Florida, USA. Data are presented from two participants who reported HIV seroconversion while using non-prescribed ARVs for PrEP...
October 21, 2016: Sexual Health
Lena Griebel, Peter Kolominsky-Rabas, Sandra Schaller, Jakub Siudyka, Radoslaw Sierpinski, Dimitrios Papapavlou, Aliki Simeonidou, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Often, eHealth services are not accepted because of factors such as eHealth literacy or trust. Within this study, eHealthMonitor was evaluated in three European countries (Germany, Greece, and Poland) by medical professionals and laypersons with respect to numerous acceptance factors. METHODS: Questionnaires were created on the basis of factors from literature and with the help of scales which have already been validated. A qualitative survey was conducted in Germany, Poland, and Greece...
October 20, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
A Craig, N A Elbers, J Jagnoor, B Gopinath, A Kifley, M Dinh, I Pozzato, R Q Ivers, M Nicholas, I D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychological impact of traffic injuries in bicyclists (cyclists) with comparisons to car occupants who also have sustained traffic injuries. Factors predictive of elevated psychological distress were also investigated. METHODS: An inception cohort prospective design was used. Participants included cyclists who sustained a physical injury (n = 238) aged ≥17 years (mean age 41.7yrs), assessed within 28 days of the crash, following medical examination by a registered healthcare practitioner...
October 20, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
C L Barron, Jessica L Moore, Grayson Baird, Amy P Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) victims have unique medical and mental health needs and present frequently for medical attention. Little is known about the reported training, screening, comfort and knowledge of DMST among pediatricians in Rhode Island who likely encounter these patient victims without knowing. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey sent to Rhode Island Hospital staff physicians from November 2014 through January 2015. RESULTS: Of the 109 participants, the majority reported no training, screened no patients for DMST in the past year, did not know any resources available and had limited knowledge and comfort with this pediatric patient population...
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Matthew Thomas Sims, Zachary Carter Sanchez, James Murphy Herrington, James Barrett Hensel, Nolan Michael Henning, Caleb Josiah Scheckel, Matt Vassar
INTRODUCTION: With the intent of improving transparency in clinical research, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) established guidelines in 2005 regarding prospective clinical trial registration. This action worked to address bias related to selective outcome reporting in the medical literature. The objective of this study was to assess and characterize the quality of registration of clinical trials appearing in shoulder arthroplasty-related medical journals...
2016: PloS One
Matthias Samwald, Hong Xu, Kathrin Blagec, Philip E Empey, Daniel C Malone, Seid Mussa Ahmed, Patrick Ryan, Sebastian Hofer, Richard D Boyce
Pre-emptive pharmacogenomic (PGx) testing of a panel of genes may be easier to implement and more cost-effective than reactive pharmacogenomic testing if a sufficient number of medications are covered by a single test and future medication exposure can be anticipated. We analysed the incidence of exposure of individual patients in the United States to multiple drugs for which pharmacogenomic guidelines are available (PGx drugs) within a selected four-year period (2009-2012) in order to identify and quantify the incidence of pharmacotherapy in a nation-wide patient population that could be impacted by pre-emptive PGx testing based on currently available clinical guidelines...
2016: PloS One
Takehiro Matsumura, Yoshihiro Takamura, Takeshi Tomomatsu, Shogo Arimura, Makoto Gozawa, Akira Kobori, Masaru Inatani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique in vitrectomy for macular hole (MH) with retinal detachment (RD) compared with vitrectomy using ILM peeling. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was performed. Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients who underwent vitrectomy for MH with RD and followed-up more than 12 months after the surgery were included in this study. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent vitrectomy with inverted ILM flap technique or vitrectomy with ILM peeling...
2016: PloS One
Antonietta Stango, Kamya Yekeh Yazdandoost, Francesco Negro, Dario Farina
Wireless implanted devices can be used to interface patients with disabilities with the aim of restoring impaired motor functions. Implanted devices that record and transmit electromyographic (EMG) signals have been applied for the control of active prostheses. This simulation study investigates the propagation losses and the absorption rate of a wireless radio frequency link for in-to-on body communication in the medical implant communication service (MICS) frequency band to control myoelectric upper limb prostheses...
2016: PloS One
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