keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446014/noninvasive-medical-tools-for-evaluating-voiding-pattern-in-real-life
#1
REVIEW
Kwonsoo Chun, Su Jin Kim, Sung Tae Cho
Voiding dysfunction is a common disease that contributes to a lower quality of life and has an increased prevalence in the elderly population. Noninvasive and objective methods such as uroflowmetry (UFM) and voiding diaries (VDs) are essential for exact diagnosis and effective treatment of this condition because patients with different causes of voiding dysfunction can complain of the same lower urinary tract symptoms. Further, different treatment options can be determined based on the diagnosis made from these symptoms...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446011/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-ii-external-validation-and-usability-testing-of-a-smartphone-app
#2
Min Soo Choo, Seong Jin Jeong, Sung Yong Cho, Changwon Yoo, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: We aimed to externally validate the prediction model we developed for having bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and requiring prostatic surgery using 2 independent data sets from tertiary referral centers, and also aimed to validate a mobile app for using this model through usability testing. METHODS: Formulas and nomograms predicting whether a subject has BOO and needs prostatic surgery were validated with an external validation cohort from Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center between January 2004 and April 2015...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445982/serum-uric-acid-level-as-a-cardio-cerebrovascular-event-risk-factor-in-middle-aged-and-non-obese-chinese-men
#3
Zhi-Jun Li, Chen-Ju Yi, Jing Li, Na Tang
AIM: The role of uric acid as a risk factor for cardio-cerebrovascular diseases is controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between serum uric acid level and the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular events in middle-aged and non-obese Chinese men. METHODS: We included 3152 participants from the health examination center of Tongji Hospital from June 2007 to June 2010. Clinical examination and medical records were collected at the annual health examination...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445966/interferon-alpha-antagonizes-the-anti-hepatoma-activity-of-the-oncolytic-virus-m1-by-stimulating-anti-viral-immunity
#4
Liu Ying, Hu Cheng, Xu Wen Xiong, Lin Yuan, Zhang Hai Peng, Zhong Wen Wen, Liang Jian Ka, Xiao Xiao, Cai Jing, Tan Ya Qian, Gao Zhi Liang, Yan Guang Mei, Zhu Wen Bo, Peng Liang
Alpha virus M1 is an oncolytic virus that targets zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP)-defective cancer cells, and may be useful for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Most of HCC patients have hepatitis and need long-term antiviral medication. Thus, it is necessary to clarify whether anti-virus medicines influence oncolytic effect of M1. We examined the effect of drugs used to treat hepatitis B/C on M1-mediated oncolysis in vitro and in vivo. Interferon (IFN)-α induces expression of antiviral IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) in HCC cells with moderate sensitivity to M1 virus...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445899/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-pharmacologic-management-of-methamphetamine-dependence-relapse-prevention-chronic-methamphetamine-related-and-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-post-acute-settings
#5
Roland Härtel-Petri, Anne Krampe-Scheidler, Wolf-Dietrich Braunwarth, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Peter Jeschke, Winfried Looser, Stephan Mühlig, Ingo Schäfer, Norbert Scherbaum, Lydia Bothe, Corinna Schaefer, Willem Hamdorf
The increasing abuse of the street drug crystal meth (methamphetamine) in many countries worldwide has resulted in a growing demand to treat patients who have acquired a methamphetamine-related disorder. The results of a systematic literature search which led to the consensus-based recommendations by the Working Group of the German Agency for Quality in Medicine (Ärztliches Zentrum für Qualität in der Medizin - ÄZQ) are presented. Pharmacological treatments were reviewed in 58 out of the 103 publications included...
April 26, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445893/early-mortality-associated-with-inpatient-versus-outpatient-hemodialysis-initiation-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-veterans-with-incident-end-stage-renal-disease
#6
Faisal M Arif, Keiichi Sumida, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Jun Ling Lu, Fatima Hassan, Fridtjof Thomas, Omer A Siddiqui, Geeta G Gyamlani, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND: Mortality in the immediate post-hemodialysis transition period is extremely high. Many end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the US start dialysis in an inpatient setting, but the characteristics of patients starting dialysis as inpatients, and the association of inpatient hemodialysis transition with mortality remain unclear. METHODS: We examined 48,261 US veterans who transitioned to hemodialysis between October 2007 and September 2011. Associations of inpatient hemodialysis starting with all-cause mortality were examined in Cox proportional hazard models, with adjustments for demographics, comorbidities, vascular access type, pre-dialysis nephrology care and medication use, and last pre-ESRD estimated glomerular filtration rate and hemoglobin...
April 27, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445878/differential-allelic-expression-of-htr1b-in-suicide-victims-genetic-and-epigenetic-effect-of-the-cis-acting-variants
#7
Ali Bani-Fatemi, Aaron Howe, Clement Zai, James L Kennedy, John Vincent, John Strauss, Albert Wong, Vincenzo De Luca
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we tested the allelic imbalance of the C861G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of HTR1B in the frontal cortex of suicide victims. METHODS: The study was conducted using 3 sets of samples. First, C861G allele-specific mRNA levels in the frontal cortex were compared between suicide (n = 13) and nonsuicide controls (n = 13) from the Stanley Medical Research postmortem brain collection. Second, we tested common variants in the HTR1B promoter for linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the C861G variant in an unrelated sample of suicide attempters (SA; n = 38) and non-SA (NSA; n = 42)...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445859/a-risk-scoring-model-based-on-vital-signs-and-laboratory-data-predicting-transfer-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-patients-admitted-to-gastroenterology-wards
#8
Won-Young Kim, Jinmi Lee, Ju-Ry Lee, Youn Kyung Jung, Hwa Jung Kim, Jin Won Huh, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang-Bum Hong
PURPOSE: To compare the ability of a score based on vital signs and laboratory data with that of the modified early warning score (MEWS) to predict ICU transfer of patients with gastrointestinal disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive events triggering medical emergency team activation in adult patients admitted to the gastroenterology wards of the Asan Medical Center were reviewed. Binary logistic regression was used to identify factors predicting transfer to the ICU...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445835/economic-consequences-of-legal-and-illegal-drugs-the-case-of-social-costs-in-belgium
#9
Delfine Lievens, Freya Vander Laenen, Nick Verhaeghe, Koen Putman, Lieven Pauwels, Wim Hardyns, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Legal and illegal drugs impose a considerable burden to the individual and to society. The misuse of addictive substances results in healthcare and law enforcement costs, loss of productivity and reduced quality of life. METHODS: A social cost study was conducted to estimate the substance-attributable costs of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs and psychoactive medication to Belgian society in 2012. The cost-of-illness framework with prevalence-based and human capital approach was applied...
April 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445783/jump-starting-shared-medical-appointments-for-diabetes-with-weight-management-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Matthew J Crowley, David Edelman, Corrine I Voils, Matthew L Maciejewski, Cynthia J Coffman, Amy S Jeffreys, Marsha J Turner, Leslie A Gaillard, Teresa A Hinton, Elizabeth Strawbridge, Jennifer Zervakis, Anna Beth Barton, William S Yancy
BACKGROUND: Rates of glycemic control remain suboptimal nationwide. Medication intensification for diabetes can have undesirable side effects (weight gain, hypoglycemia), which offset the benefits of glycemic control. A Shared Medical Appointment (SMA) intervention for diabetes that emphasizes weight management could improve glycemic outcomes and reduce weight while simultaneously lowering diabetes medication needs, resulting in less hypoglycemia and better quality of life. We describe the rationale and design for a study evaluating a novel SMA intervention for diabetes that primarily emphasizes low-carbohydrate diet-focused weight management...
April 23, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445777/five-year-follow-up-after-laparoscopic-large-nerve-resection-for-deep-infiltrating-sciatic-nerve-endometriosis
#11
Marc Possover
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report neurologic follow-up of patients after laparoscopic large resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the sciatic nerve. DESIGN: Prospective clinical case series (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Tertiary referral unit specializing in advanced gynecologic surgery and neuropelveology. PATIENTS: All data for patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis of the sciatic nerve between 2004 and 2016 (N = 259) were documented prospectively...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445774/voxresnet-deep-voxelwise-residual-networks-for-brain-segmentation-from-3d-mr-images
#12
REVIEW
Hao Chen, Qi Dou, Lequan Yu, Jing Qin, Pheng-Ann Heng
Segmentation of key brain tissues from 3D medical images is of great significance for brain disease diagnosis, progression assessment and monitoring of neurologic conditions. While manual segmentation is time-consuming, laborious, and subjective, automated segmentation is quite challenging due to the complicated anatomical environment of brain and the large variations of brain tissues. We propose a novel voxelwise residual network (VoxResNet) with a set of effective training schemes to cope with this challenging problem...
April 23, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445709/gait-analysis-and-weight-bearing-in-pre-clinical-joint-pain-research
#13
Kristina Ängeby Möller, Heta Svärd, Anni Suominen, Jarmo Immonen, Johanna Holappa, Carina Stenfors
BACKGROUND: There is a need for better joint pain treatment, but development of new medication has not been successful. Pre-clinical models with readouts that better reflect the clinical situation are needed. In patients with joint pain, pain at rest and pain at walking are two major complaints. NEW METHOD: We describe a new way of calculating results from gait analysis using the CatWalk™ setup. Rats with monoarthritis induced by injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) intra-articularly into the ankle joint of one hind limb were used to assess gait and dynamic weight bearing...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445702/an-early-history-of-anesthesia-in-labor
#14
Mary E Gibson
Fear of pain often overshadows childbirth, and each woman must decide whether to receive anesthesia to combat labor pain. Historically, this choice resulted in unintended consequences and marked the beginnings of medical interventions in labor and birth. The purpose of this article is to trace the use of anesthesia in childbirth from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries and to explore its influence on childbearing women and nurses.
April 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445684/patient-staffing-and-health-centre-factors-associated-with-annual-testing-for-sexually-transmissible-infections-in-remote-primary-health-centres
#15
Belinda Hengel, Handan Wand, James Ward, Alice Rumbold, Linda Garton, Debbie Taylor-Thomson, Bronwyn Silver, Skye McGregor, Amalie Dyda, Jacqueline Mein, Janet Knox, Lisa Maher, John Kaldor, Rebecca Guy
Background: In high-incidence Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) settings, annual re-testing is an important public health strategy. Using baseline laboratory data (2009-10) from a cluster randomised trial in 67 remote Aboriginal communities, the extent of re-testing was determined, along with the associated patient, staffing and health centre factors. Methods: Annual testing was defined as re-testing in 9-15 months (guideline recommendation) and a broader time period of 5-15 months following an initial negative CT/NG test...
April 27, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445653/describing-the-mental-health-profile-of-first-respondersa-systematic-review-formula-see-text
#16
Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: First responders (FRs) are responsible for providing multiple services during various critical events. Considering the frequency, nature, and intensity of duty-related traumatic exposures, the cumulative impact on FRs' mental health is of paramount importance. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe how duty-related trauma exposure can affect the comprehensive mental health profile of FRs, including firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445621/calm-to-chaos-engaging-undergraduate-nursing-students-with-the-complex-nature-of-interruptions-during-medication-administration
#17
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes undergraduate student nurse responses to a simulated role-play experience focussing on managing interruptions during medication administration. BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety requires that we find creative and innovative methods of teaching medication administration to undergraduate nurses in real-world conditions. Nurses are responsible for the majority of medication administrations in health care. Incidents and errors associated with medications are a significant patient safety issue and often occur as a result of interruptions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445615/status-epilepticus-in-dogs-and-cats-part-1-etiopathogenesis-epidemiology-and-diagnosis
#18
Susan Blades Golubovic, John H Rossmeisl
OBJECTIVE: To review current knowledge of the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and consequences of status epilepticus (SE) in veterinary patients. DATA SOURCES: Human and veterinary literature, including clinical and laboratory research and reviews. ETIOPATHOGENESIS: Status epilepticus is a common emergency in dogs and cats, and may be the first manifestation of a seizure disorder. It results from the failure of termination of an isolated seizure...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445596/effectiveness-safety-and-acceptability-of-non-physician-provision-of-first-trimester-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#19
S Sjöström, M Dragoman, S M Fønhus, B Ganatra, K Gemzell-Danielsson
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) provided by non-physician providers may be as effective and safe as when provided by physicians. Medical treatment of incomplete miscarriage by non-physicians, and treated women's acceptability with non-physician providers of TOP has not previously been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of non-physician provision of first trimester medical TOP including medical treatment for incomplete miscarriage...
April 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445570/medical-marijuana-laws-and-cannabis-use-intersections-of-health-and-policy
#20
Wilson M Compton, Nora D Volkow, Marsha F Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
7931
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"