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Mental health nursing

Rogério M Pinto, Susan S Witte, Prema L Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project has disseminated HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) across the United States since the 1990s. In 2011, the CDC launched the High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP) project, providing EBIs plus high-impact services (HIV testing, primary care, and support services). Providers (nurses, social workers, educators) are unable to consistently make linkages; thus, numerous at-risk individuals are not benefitting from HIP...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Sally Hardy, Gary Winship, Joy Bray
The Skellern Lecture and JPMHN Lifetime Achievement Award is scheduled for 14 June 2018, hosted by University of Greenwich. Each year mental health nurses nominate and vote as peers to identify annual award winners. The Skellern Lecture identifies someone working to showcase the contribution mental health is having on modern society, whilst the Lifetime Achievement is offered in recognition of a dedicated career to mental health and wellbeing agendas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Jacquie White, Joanne Lucas, Louise Swift, Garry R Barton, Harriet Johnson, Lisa Irvine, Gabriel Abotsie, Martin Jones, Richard J Gray
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness of a nurse-delivered health check with the Health Improvement Profile (HIP), which takes approximately 1.5 hours to complete and code, for persons with severe mental illness. METHODS: A single-blind, cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in England to test whether health checks improved the general medical well-being of persons with severe mental illness at 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: Sixty nurses were randomly assigned to the HIP group or the treatment-as-usual group...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Joseph El-Khoury, Rassil Ghazzaoui, Amanda Ahmad
The recognition of mental health needs in developing countries is growing in parallel with increased public awareness of and reduced stigma toward mental illness. With resources still limited in these countries, creating economically viable health care models is essential. These models are often adapted from already established and tested systems in industrialized nations. The Psychosis Recovery Outreach Program (PROP) at the American University of Beirut is an initiative that exemplifies the global transfer of knowledge, experience, and skills...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Babatunde Aremu, Pamela D Hill, Joanne M McNeal, Mary A Petersen, Debbie Swanberg, Kathleen R Delaney
Addressing tense and escalating situations with noncoercive measures is an important element of inpatient psychiatric treatment. Although restraint rates are frequently monitored, the use of pro re nata (PRN) intramuscular (IM) injections to address agitation is also an important indicator. In 2015, at the current study site, a significant increase was noted in PRN IM medication use despite unit leadership's efforts to build a culture of trauma-informed care (TIC). The purpose of the current quality improvement project was to educate staff on methods to incorporate TIC into daily practice and the use of brief solution-focused therapy techniques in escalating situations...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Ellen W Blair, Jyoti Chhabra, Cynthia Belonick, Maria Tackett
Potential for suicide risk can be a safety concern for patients in all health care settings. Inadequate training of nurses in suicide assessment and prevention is a serious patient safety concern. A non-randomized pre-/postintervention research design was used to measure the effects of education on non-psychiatric nurses' perceived self-efficacy in assessment and inquiry about suicide risk and in implementing suicide prevention strategies. The intervention was an educational module about suicide prevention and care delivered to non-psychiatric nurses employed on a neuro-trauma unit in an acute care urban hospital setting...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Tom Bartholomew, Loren Gildar, Gwen Carrick, Angela Saafigueroa, Ruth Cook
The culture of state psychiatric hospitals may make it difficult to implement recovery-oriented principles such as empowerment. The current study describes efforts of one hospital to empower consumers of psychiatric hospital services using focus groups, surveys, and a workgroup to address the issue of low program attendance. The study determined the importance of identifying consumer goals, informing consumers about options for therapeutic group programming, and matching consumer goals to treatment. Identifying these items led to development of a consumer catalog designed to allow consumers of psychiatric hospital services to choose programs that aligned with their goals while also meeting staff needs to address problem areas on a treatment plan...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Xiuyan Lan, Huimin Xiao, Ying Chen, Xiaoling Zhang
The current study aimed to examine the effects of life review intervention on life satisfaction and personal meaning among frail older adults. Seventy-four participants were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group. The intervention group received the Haight Structured Life Review with modified guiding questions and memory prompts. The control group received usual nursing home care. The Life Satisfaction Index A and Purpose in Life Test questionnaires were administered at baseline and immediately after the intervention...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Marciana Fernandes Moll, Fabiana Cristina Pires, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Nathália Nunes Boff, Núbia Ferreira da Silva
The current study aimed to investigate the perceptions and expectations of family members/caregivers regarding nursing care provided to psychiatric inpatients in a general hospital. The study was a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach. Data were collected through open interviews with 10 relatives of patients hospitalized in the psychiatric unit and analyzed using content analysis. Participants reported that nursing care was good and emphasized a good relationship between the patient and nursing staff marked by professionalism, care, and dedication...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Mylène Bolmont, Marie-Laure Amram, Florence Rochon, Pierre-Yves Dietrich, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Cancer affects sexual function, sexual health and relationships as well as mental health and quality of life. Due to the importance of sexual health for each individual and in order to ensure optimal and quality care, we have assessed the demand for sexual health and advise not only among cancer patients but also among professionals in this area and nursing staff. The results showed that sexuality was important both for patients and caregivers. Also we did find out that carers want to create a better professional network with the aim of redirecting patients to specialists according to their specific needs...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Isabelle Dibu Mulango, Julius Atashili, Bradley N Gaynes, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Mental health and mental illness are often overlooked in the management of patients in our health services. Depression is a common mental disorder worldwide. Recognising and managing mental illnesses such as depression by primary health care providers (PHCPs) is crucial. This study describes the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of PHCPs regarding depression in Fako Division. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among PHCPs (general practitioners, nurses, pharmacy attendants and social workers) in public-owned health facilities in the four health districts in Fako Division...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Leila Jansson, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim
This study describes nurses' experiences of assessing suicide risk in specialised mental health outpatient care in rural areas in Sweden. We used a qualitative, descriptive design based on twelve interviews that were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the nurses felt anguish due to a lack of control. They expressed uncertainty and loneliness, and they struggled with ethical issues and organisational challenges. Having the sole responsibility to assess suicide risk can increase a person's emotional vulnerability and moral stress...
March 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Jasmina Starc
BACKGROUND: Working in nursing is mentally and physically demanding and is one of the most stressful professions. AIM: To determine the basic causes of stress and examine the symptoms of stress among healthcare professionals at the primary and secondary level of health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was based on the descriptive and causal non-experimental method of empirical research. The independent samples t-test was used. RESULTS: The survey results have shown that those employed in nursing are exposed to stressful situations on a daily basis, most often involving psychological or physical violence in the workplace (M = 4...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ann R Peden
BACKGROUND: Dr. Hildegard Peplau, considered to be our first modern Nurse theorist and the Mother of Psychiatric Nursing, was a prolific writer, engaging in correspondence with colleagues and students who sought her professional and theoretical expertise. Through these letters, she influenced psychiatric nursing while maintaining a broad international network of professional colleagues. OBJECTIVES: An analysis of letters, written between 1990 and 1998, provides insights into Peplau's last decade of professional life and a model of how to support the next generation of nurse scholars...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Manabu Akahane, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of musculoskeletal diseases, depressive mental state, and hypertension on locomotive syndrome, a condition of reduced mobility requiring nursing care. Since locomotive syndrome is a major public health issue that needs attention, its relationship with functional inconvenience in performing daily activities was also investigated. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an Internet panel survey, comprising 747 persons aged 30-90 years...
March 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Shanshan Li, Kaitlin Hagan, Francine Grodstein, Tyler J VanderWeele
Background: Social integration has been related to risk of chronic diseases and mental health conditions. Purpose: We investigated the association between social integration in midlife with subsequent health and well-being in aging. Methods: We included women from the Nurses' Health Study in the United States, who had no major chronic diseases in 1996 when we assessed social integration, using the Berkman-Syme Social Network Index. We defined healthy aging after 16 years of follow-up, when women ranged from 66 to 91 years, on the basis of survival along with 4 health criteria, assessed in 2012: no history of major chronic disease diagnosis, no self-reported impairment in memory, and no major impairments in physical function or mental health...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Zhengjia Ren, Meng Gao, Mark Yang, Wei Qu
After Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals' lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Deepa Singal, Chantalle Menard, Christine J Neilson, Marni Brownell, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Albert Chudley, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed Abou-Setta
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to provide a protocol for a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of evidence from randomised controlled trials comparing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions with placebo/dummy interventions or usual standards of care in children and adolescents (<18 years old). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following electronic databases will be searched: Medline (Ovid), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Plus with Full text (EBSCO), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library-Wiley), PsycINFO (ProQuest) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses will be searched from inception to March 2017 for relevant citations of published trials using individualised search strategies prepared for database...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Melissa Neathery
Recovery in mental illness is a person-oriented process that involves self-determination/choice, and growth potential. This article discusses eight components of recovery-oriented treatment, and how nurses in any setting can facilitate recovery and encourage the healthy role of spirituality in clients' lives during the recovery process. Biblical references relating to each component of the recovery-oriented process are offered.
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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