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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912905/effects-of-aromatherapy-on-agitation-and-related-caregiver-burden-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia-a-pilot-study
#1
Tugce Turten Kaymaz, Leyla Ozdemir
We examined the effects of aromatherapy on agitation in patients with dementia and evaluated related caregiver burden. Patients and their caregivers from two hospitals in Turkey were selected and divided into an intervention group (n = 14) and a control group (n = 14). Patients were stratified according to their dementia phase and intake of antipsychotic medication. The intervention group received aromatherapy via massage and inhalation at home for 4 weeks. The control group received no intervention. Data were collected using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) and the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI)...
November 29, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911311/risk-factors-and-pathological-substrates-associated-with-agitation-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-preliminary-study-using-nacc-data
#2
Simrin Sennik, Tom A Schweizer, Corinne E Fischer, David G Munoz
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A number of studies have targeted psychosis, i.e., hallucinations and delusions in AD, but few have assessed agitation/aggression in AD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors and pathological substrates associated with presence [A(+)] and absence [A(-)] of agitation/aggression (A) in autopsy-confirmed AD. METHODS: Data was collected from the UDS data as of 2015 on the NACC database...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910808/magnesium-and-depression
#3
Anna Serefko, Aleksandra Szopa, Ewa Poleszak
Magnesium is one of the most important elements in the human body and is involved in a number of biochemical processes crucial for the proper functioning of the cardiovascular, alimentary, endocrine, and osteoarticular systems. It also plays a vital modulatory role in brain biochemistry, influencing several neurotransmission pathways associated with the development of depression. Personality changes, including apathy, depression, agitation, confusion, anxiety, and delirium are observed when there is a deficiency of this element...
March 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910399/space-and-time-resolved-resistive-measurements-of-liquid-metal-wall-thickness
#4
S M H Mirhoseini, F A Volpe
In a fusion reactor internally coated with liquid metal, it will be important to diagnose the thickness of the liquid at various locations in the vessel, as a function of time, and possibly respond to counteract undesired bulging or depletion. The electrical conductance between electrodes immersed in the liquid metal can be used as a simple proxy for the local thickness. Here a matrix of electrodes is shown to provide spatially and temporally resolved measurements of liquid metal thickness in the absence of plasma...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909993/impact-of-culture-conditions-on-the-chlorophyll-content-of-microalgae-for-biotechnological-applications
#5
REVIEW
Veronica da Silva Ferreira, Celso Sant'Anna
Chlorophyll is a commercially important natural green pigment responsible for the absorption of light energy and its conversion into chemical energy via photosynthesis in plants and algae. This bioactive compound is widely used in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. Chlorophyll has been consumed for health benefits as a nutraceutical agent with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and antimicrobial properties. Microalgae are photosynthesizing microorganisms which can be extracted for several high-value bioproducts in the biotechnology industry...
January 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907964/critical-care-neurology-perspective-on-delirium
#6
Matthew B Maas, Andrew M Naidech
The evidence linking delirium to poor outcomes after critical illness is compelling, including higher mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer length of intensive care unit stay, and long-term cognitive impairments. The attitude toward delirium in the neurologic community is shifting away from viewing it as an unmodifiable, inevitable consequence of severe illness to treating it is as a neurologic emergency, akin to seizures or encephalitis. Delirium, like other manifestations of critical illness encephalopathy, is an organ dysfunction syndrome...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902657/the-assessment-of-the-risk-of-unplanned-extubation-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit
#7
Semine Aydoğan, Nurten Kaya
BACKGROUND: In order to plan and implement nursing intervention to reduce the incidence rate of unplanned extubation problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), it is necessary to determine the risk factors of unplanned extubation and the patients under risk. AIMS: This study was undertaken with the aim of evaluating the risk of unplanned extubation of endotracheal tube in adult ICU. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. METHODS: The population constituted patients hospitalized in the adult ICU during 1-year period in a university hospital...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901329/comparing-incidence-of-emergence-delirium-between-sevoflurane-and-desflurane-in-children-following-routine-otolaryngology-procedures
#8
Jeremy N Driscoll, Brian M Bender, Carlos A Archilla, Carol M Klim, J Hossain, George Mychaskiw, Julie L Wei
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium (ED) is a state of aggressive agitation that can occur temporarily in the process of emerging from anesthesia in children exposed to volatile or intravenous anesthetics. Emergence delirium is typically assessed using the published and validated pediatric emergence delirium (PAED) scale. Due to some variation in properties between sevoflurane and desflurane for maintenance of anesthesia after standard sevoflurane induction, we designed a prospective study to examine potential differences in emergence behavior and incidence of ED in children undergoing elective ear-nose-throat (ENT) surgery...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897609/a-video-based-intervention-on-and-evaluation-of-nursing-aides-therapeutic-communication-and-residents-agitation-during-mealtime-in-a-dementia-care-unit
#9
Lené Levy-Storms, Lesley M Harris, Xiao Chen
The researchers conducted a communication training intervention for certified nursing assistants (CNAs). The intervention aimed at improving CNAs' therapeutic techniques for relating to agitated residents during care. This study focused on an in-depth evaluation of mealtime interactions using videos. Sixteen CNAs and 16 residents living with dementia from one long-term care facility were videotaped during mealtime interactions before and after a therapeutic communication training program. Mixed-effect Poisson regression revealed no effect of the intervention as a whole on residents' refusals, but the intervention did improve CNAs' communication...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896660/ayahuasca-exposure-descriptive-analysis-of-calls-to-us-poison-control-centers-from-2005-to-2015
#10
C William Heise, Daniel E Brooks
BACKGROUND: Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic plant preparation which usually contains the vine Banisteriopsis caapi and the shrub Psychotria viridis. This tea originates from the Amazon Basin where it is used in religious ceremonies. Because interest in these religious groups spreading as well as awareness of use of ayahuasca for therapeutic and recreational purposes, its use is increasing. Banisteriopsis caapi is rich in β-carbolines, especially harmine, tetrahydroharmine and harmaline, which have monoamine oxidase inhibiting (MAOI) activity...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895443/the-validation-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-serbian-translation-of-the-richmond-agitation-and-sedation-scale-in-post-anesthesia-care-unit-patients
#11
Karlicic Stasevic, M Stasevic, S Jankovic, Dejanovic Djukic, A Dutina, I Grbic
BACKGROUND: Targeted light sedation is recommended because it shortens the time of mechanical ventilation and the length of stay in an intensive care unit (ICU). However, there is no validated scale for sedation and agitation in ICU in the Serbian speaking area. The aim of the current study was to validate, verify the reliability and enable the application of the Richmond Agitation and Sedation Scale (RASS) in the Serbian speaking area. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, RASS was applied to 301 adult patients hospitalized in surgical ICUs by two different research team members...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894757/removal-of-dissolved-sulfides-in-aqueous-solution-by-activated-sludge-mechanism-and-characteristics
#12
Bo-Wen Pang, Cheng-Hong Jiang, Marvin Yeung, Yun Ouyang, Jinying Xi
Activated sludge recycling has been developed as a novel technique to directly prevent volatile sulfides emission from wastewater influents. In this study, mechanisms and characteristics of dissolved sulfides removal in aqueous solution by activated sludge were investigated. When DO content in water was 0.49mg/L, 70% of removed dissolved sulfides were released back from the activated sludge by lowering pH to 1. The SEM/EDS result revealed that removed sulfur was fixed in activated sludge and the XPS result showed that fixed sulfur had an oxidation state of -2...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891229/nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Melanie Kowalski, Andrew A Udy, Hayden J McRobbie, Michael J Dooley
BACKGROUND: Active smokers are prevalent within the intensive care setting and place a significant burden on healthcare systems. Nicotine withdrawal due to forced abstinence on admission may contribute to increased agitation and delirium in this patient group. The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether management of nicotine withdrawal, with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), reduces agitation and delirium in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890467/use-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-pegylated-carboxyhemoglobin-bovine-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-with-life-threatening-anemia-following-postpartum-hemorrhage
#14
K Thenuwara, J Thomas, M Ibsen, U Ituk, K Choi, E Nickel, M J Goodheart
We present a case of a Jehovah's Witness patient who refused blood products, with the exception of albumin and clotting factors, and underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia complicated by postpartum hemorrhage. She was fluid resuscitated and treated with multiple uterotonics and internal iliac artery embolization. Because of agitation she required emergency tracheal intubation. Her hemoglobin concentration dropped from a preoperative value of 12mg/dL to 3mg/dL on postoperative day one. She was acidotic, requiring vasopressors for hemodynamic stability and remained ventilated and sedated...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889922/haloperidol-for-long-term-aggression-in-psychosis
#15
REVIEW
Abha Khushu, Melanie J Powney
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders can lead some people to become agitated. Characterised by restlessness, excitability and irritability, this can result in verbal and physically aggressive behaviour - and both can be prolonged. Aggression within the psychiatric setting imposes a significant challenge to clinicians and risk to service users; it is a frequent cause for admission to inpatient facilities. If people continue to be aggressive it can lengthen hospitalisation. Haloperidol is used to treat people with long-term aggression...
November 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888959/bearing-witness-the-lived-experience-of-sitting-with-patients
#16
Rebecca Schroeder
There is abundant literature focused on the practice of using hospital sitters as part of standard patient safety care. However, minimal attention has been paid to understanding the actual experiences of hospital workers as they sit with distressed and often agitated patients. With the overwhelming number of hospitalized patients who require sitters, attention must be paid to the healthcare workers' perspective. In this study a phenomenological approach was used to elicit the perceptions of these hospital sitters...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887723/synergistic-effect-of-cavitation-and-agitation-on-protein-aggregation
#17
Tetsuo Torisu, Takahiro Maruno, Yoshinori Hamaji, Tadayasu Ohkubo, Susumu Uchiyama
It was recently reported that dropping induces protein aggregation due to the occurrence of cavitation. Agitation also causes protein aggregation. In this study, vials filled with antibody solution were subjected to a cycle of dropping and shaking using the friability testing apparatus to examine the combined effect of cavitation and agitation on protein aggregation. A cycle of dropping and shaking generated a massive amount of subvisible particles. Comparison of aggregation rate at different fill volumes indicated that shaking plays an important role in protein aggregation due to combination stress...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886013/is-salivary-chromogranin-a-a-valid-psychological-stress-biomarker-during-sensory-stimulation-in-people-with%C3%A2-advanced-dementia
#18
Vanessa Valdiglesias, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, Eduardo Pásaro, José C Millán-Calenti, Blanca Laffon
Salivary chromogranin A (sCgA) is gaining attention as a biomarker of psychological stress. The objective of this work was to determine whether individualized music intervention and multisensory stimulation environment (MSSE) in a Snoezelen room produce changes in sCgA in severely demented older patients, and to assess the possible existence of differences in sCgA levels between the two types of interventions. Older adults with severe dementia (n = 22) were randomly assigned to two intervention groups. They participated in MSSE or individualized music interventions in 30-min weekly sessions for 16 weeks...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886001/strategy-for-the-hemocompatibility-testing-of-microparticles
#19
S Braune, S Basu, K Kratz, J Bäckemo Johansson, M Reinthaler, A Lendlein, F Jung
Polymer-based microparticles are applied as non-thrombogenic or thrombogenic materials in a wide variety of intra- or extra-corporeal medical devices. As demanded by the regulatory agencies, the hemocompatibility of these blood contacting biomaterials has to be evaluated in vitro to ensure that the particle systems appropriately fulfill the envisioned function without causing undesired events such as thrombosis or inflammation. Currently described in vitro assays for hemocompatibility testing of particles comprise tests with different single cell types (e...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885664/haloperidol-plus-promethazine-for-psychosis-induced-aggression
#20
REVIEW
Gisele Huf, Jacob Alexander, Pinky Gandhi, Michael H Allen
BACKGROUND: Health services often manage agitated or violent people, and such behaviour is particularly prevalent in emergency psychiatric services (10%). The drugs used in such situations should ensure that the person becomes calm swiftly and safely. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether haloperidol plus promethazine is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression. SEARCH METHODS: On 6 May 2015 we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Register of Trials, which is compiled by systematic searches of major resources (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, BIOSIS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and registries of clinical trials) and their monthly updates, handsearches, grey literature, and conference proceedings...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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