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Campylobacter gastroenteritis

F Khattak, V Paschalis, M Green, J G M Houdijk, P Soultanas, J Mahdavi
Reducing Campylobacter spp. carriage in poultry is challenging, but essential to control this major cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although much is known about the mechanisms and route of Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry, the literature is scarce on antibiotic-free solutions to combat Campylobacter spp. colonization in poultry. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to investigate the role of TYPLEX® Chelate (ferric tyrosine), a novel feed additive, in inhibiting Campylobacter jejuni (C...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
Alejandra Culebro, Miguel P Machado, João André Carriço, Mirko Rossi
Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Additionally, C. jejuni is the most common bacterial etiological agent in the autoimmune Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Ganglioside mimicry by C. jejuni lipooligosaccharide (LOS) is the triggering factor of the disease. LOS-associated genes involved in the synthesis and transfer of sialic acid (glycosyltranferases belonging to family GT-42) are essential in C. jejuni to synthesize ganglioside-like LOS...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mustafa Akar, Fuat Aydin, Mustafa A Yurci, Seçil Abay, İhsan Ateş, Kemal Deniz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of bacterial infection in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is under investigation. This study aims to (i) determine the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Arcobacter spp. in patients with UC, (ii) identify the antibiotic susceptibility of isolated agents, and (iii) investigate the role of these microorganisms in the pathogenesis and/or activation of UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with UC and 40 healthy individuals were included in the study...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Ruthly François, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Saba Rouhani, Mery Siguas Salas, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Dixner Rengifo Trigoso, Nora Pisanic, Rosa Burga, Rina Meza, Graciela Meza Sanchez, Michael J Gregory, Eric R Houpt, James A Platts-Mills, Margaret N Kosek
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter is one of the main causes of gastroenteritis worldwide. Most of the current knowledge about the epidemiology of this food-borne infection concerns two species, C. coli and C. jejuni. Recent studies conducted in developing countries and using novel diagnostic techniques have generated evidence of the increasing burden and importance of other Campylobacter species, i.e. non-C. coli/jejuni. We performed a nested case-control study to compare the prevalence of C...
February 7, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Karina Frahm Kirk, Guillaume Méric, Hans Linde Nielsen, Ben Pascoe, Samuel K Sheppard, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing, Henrik Nielsen
Campylobacter concisus is an emerging pathogen associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), yet little is known about the genetic diversity of C. concisus in relation to host niches and disease. We isolated 104 C. concisus isolates from saliva, mucosal biopsies and faecal samples from 41 individuals (26 IBD, 3 Gastroenteritis (GE), 12 Healthy controls (HC)). Whole genomes were sequenced and the dataset pan-genome examined, and genomic information was used for typing using multi-locus-sequence typing (MLST)...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Keya Sen, Jingrang Lu, Piyali Mukherjee, Tanner Berglund, Eunice Varughese, Asish K Mukhopadhyay
Campylobacter spp. are major causes of gastroenteritis worldwide. The virulence potential of Campylobacter shed in crow feces obtained from a roost area in Bothell, Washington, was studied and compared with isolates from other parts of Washington, and from a different crow spp., 7000 miles away, in Kolkata, India. Campylobacter was isolated from 61% and 69 % of the fecal samples obtained from Washington and Kolkata, respectively and were confirmed to be C. jejuni The cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) gene cluster from these isolates revealed a truncated sequence of about 1400 bp...
January 12, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Sungwon Kim, Andrea Vela, Sara M Clohisey, Spiridoula Athanasiadou, Pete Kaiser, Mark P Stevens, Lonneke Vervelde
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide and human infections are frequently associated with handling and consumption of contaminated poultry. The polysaccharide capsule of C. jejuni plays important roles in colonisation of the chicken gut, invasion of epithelial cells and serum resistance and is subject to modification with O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) in most strains. In this study, the cytokine responses of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (mBMMs), chicken bone marrow-derived macrophages (chBMMs) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (hMDMs) were measured following infection with C...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Research
Luis Collado, Nataly Muñoz, Lorena Porte, Sofía Ochoa, Carmen Varela, Ivo Muñoz
Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. However, it has also been associated with other diseases such as bacteremia and with several post-infection sequelae. Although campylobacteriosis is usually a self-limited infection, antibiotics are indicated for severe and chronic conditions. Unfortunately, several industrialised nations have reported a substantial increase in antibiotic resistance of C. jejuni. However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the epidemiology of resistance developed by this pathogen in the developing world...
January 3, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
R Cohen, J Raymond, D Gendrel
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) are usually caused by viruses, especially Rotavirus and Norovirus. Among the bacterial causes, very few warrant antibiotic treatment, mainly Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter (only for severe cases, particularly in the initial phase) and severe cases of Salmonella infection. The antimicrobial treatments proposed in this guide follow the latest guidelines of the European Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Rainer Gosert, Ulrich Heininger, Hans H Hirsch
Acute gastroenteritis (GE) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet comprehensive data regarding infectious agents including enteroviruses are scarce. We hypothesized that enteroviruses constitute a significant cause of acute GE. We analyzed 677 stool samples from 504 patients, which had been submitted for suspected infectious GE. 0.2 mL of stool suspension was extracted using the Abbott m2000sp robot and analysed by multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) using the Luminex xTAG gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) as well as by specific NATs detecting enteroviruses and polioviruses...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Julia Lackner, Daniela Schlichting, Christine Müller-Graf, Matthias Greiner
Bacteria of the genus Campylobacter spp. are one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis and can lead to serious sequelae. Several studies have estimated the disease burden of Campylobacter spp. with the quantitative metric of disability-adjusted life years (DALY). The aim of this systematic review is to give an overview of the information available about different countries and periods for which DALYs were calculated and how the different results are comparable. One of the most important transmission pathways for Campylobacter spp...
December 7, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
Anna Nilsson, Cecilia Johansson, Astrid Skarp, René Kaden, Lars Engstrand, Hilpi Rautelin
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. Major reservoirs are warm-blooded animals, poultry in particular, but Campylobacter can also be transmitted via water. In this paper, we have taken a closer look at the biology and potential virulence of C. jejuni water isolates. Seven C. jejuni isolates from incoming surface water at water plants in Sweden were characterized with whole genome sequencing and phenotypical testing. Multi locus sequence typing analysis revealed that these isolates belonged to groups known to include both common (ST48CC) and uncommon (ST1275CC, ST683, ST793 and ST8853) human pathogens...
2017: PloS One
Abdi Elmi, Amber Dorey, Eleanor Watson, Heena Jagatia, Neil F Inglis, Ozan Gundogdu, Mona Bajaj-Elliott, Brendan W Wren, David G E Smith, Nick Dorrell
Campylobacter jejuni, the leading cause of bacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide, secretes an arsenal of virulence-associated proteins within outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). C. jejuni OMVs contain three serine proteases (HtrA, Cj0511, and Cj1365c) that cleave the intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) tight and adherens junction proteins occludin and E-cadherin, promoting enhanced C. jejuni adhesion to and invasion of IECs. C. jejuni OMVs also induce IECs innate immune responses. The bile salt sodium taurocholate (ST) is sensed as a host signal to coordinate the activation of virulence-associated genes in the enteric pathogen Vibrio cholerae...
March 2018: Cellular Microbiology
Christina Bronowski, Kasem Mustafa, Ian Goodhead, Chloe E James, Charlotte Nelson, Anita Lucaci, Paul Wigley, Tom J Humphrey, Nicola J Williams, Craig Winstanley
BACKGROUND: Water serves as a potential reservoir for Campylobacter, the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. However, little is understood about the mechanisms underlying variations in survival characteristics between different strains of C. jejuni in natural environments, including water. RESULTS: We identified three Campylobacter jejuni strains that exhibited variability in their ability to retain culturability after suspension in tap water at two different temperatures (4°C and 25°C)...
2017: PloS One
Roger Shek, Devon A Dattmore, Devin P Stives, Ashley L Jackson, Christa H Chatfield, Katherine A Hicks, Jarrod B French
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of gastroenteritis and a major contributor to infant mortality in the developing world. The increasing incidence of antibiotic-resistant C. jejuni only adds to the urgency to develop effective therapies. Because of the essential role that polyamines play, particularly in protection from oxidative stress, enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of these metabolites are emerging as promising antibiotic targets. The recent description of an alternative pathway for polyamine synthesis, distinct from that in human cells, in C...
December 26, 2017: Biochemistry
Marine Meunier, Muriel Guyard-Nicodème, Estelle Vigouroux, Typhaine Poezevara, Véronique Beven, S Quesne, Lionel Bigault, Michel Amelot, Daniel Dory, Marianne Chemaly
Campylobacter is the leading cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis in the European Union. Birds represent the main reservoir of the bacteria, and human campylobacteriosis mainly occurs after consuming and/or handling poultry meat. Reducing avian intestinal Campylobacter loads should impact the incidence of human diseases. At the primary production level, several measures have been identified to reach this goal, including vaccination of poultry. Despite many studies, however, no efficient vaccine is currently available...
2017: PloS One
Tengfei Zhang, Jun Dong, Yiluo Cheng, Qin Lu, Qingping Luo, Guoyuan Wen, Guoping Liu, Huabin Shao
Background: Campylobacter is considered to be the leading cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis, of which poultry is the main reservoir. Campylobacter contaminated chicken products are a major cause of human Campylobacter infection. In this study, the prevalence of Campylobacter in chicken in central China was investigated, and the genotypic diversity, antimicrobial resistance and biofilm of these isolates were characterized. Results: A total of 206 Campylobacter isolates, including 166 C...
2017: Gut Pathogens
Ariadna Martín, Ana Pérez-Ayala, Fernando Chaves, David Lora, M Ángeles Orellana
Rapid and accurate detection of the pathogens that cause gastrointestinal infection is important for appropriate therapy and proper infection control. This study assesses the performance of a new molecular assay for simultaneous detection of 13 different gastrointestinal bacteria in stool specimens. Using the Allplex GI-Bacteria (AGI-BI/AGI-BII) assay, a total of 394 stool samples were tested and the results were compared with culturing on selective differential followed by identification by mass spectroscopy...
January 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Jun Kawase, Hiroshi Asakura, Morito Kurosaki, Hitoshi Oshiro, Yoshiki Etoh, Tetsuya Ikeda, Masanori Watahiki, Mitsuhiro Kameyama, Fumi Hayashi, Yuta Kawakami, Yoshiko Murakami, Yoshie Tsunomori
  We previously developed a multiplex real-time PCR assay (Rapid Foodborne Bacterial Screening 24 ver.5, RFBS24 ver.5) for simultaneous detection of 24 foodborne bacterial targets. Here, to overcome the discrepancy of the RFBS24 ver.5 and bacterial culture method (BC) results, we analyzed 246 human clinical samples from 49 gastroenteritis outbreaks by the RFBS24 ver.5 and evaluated the correlation between cycle threshold value (CT) of RFBS24 ver.5 and the BC results. The results showed that the RFBS24 ver...
October 31, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Roy A Sanderson, James A Maas, Alasdair P Blain, Russell Gorton, Jessica Ward, Sarah J O'Brien, Paul R Hunter, Stephen P Rushton
Background: Campylobacteriosis is a major cause of gastroenteritis in the UK, and although 70% of cases are associated with food sources, the remainder are probably associated with wider environmental exposure. Methods: In order to investigate wider environmental transmission, we conducted a spatio-temporal analysis of the association of human cases of Campylobacter in the Tyne catchment with weather, climate, hydrology and land use. A hydrological model was used to predict surface-water flow in the Tyne catchment over 5 years...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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