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SHU In childrens

Wei Li, Hui-Hui Gao, Qiong Zhang, Yu-Jie Liu, Ran Tao, Yu-Ping Cheng, Qiang Shu, Shi-Qiang Shang
Herpangina, usually caused by coxsackie virus A, is prevalent in children spreading through the fecal-oral transmission and the respiratory droplets dissemination. Also, it is mostly asymptomatic and self-limiting. In our study, we found that large outbreak of herpangina in children occurred in the summer of 2015 in Hangzhou, China. From May 1th to August 31th, a total of 10 210 children were diagnosed with herpangina in Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. 2 310 throat swabs were collected and tested for enterovirus detection by real-time RT-PCR, while 1 651 cases were positive with the rate of 71...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ruixue Miao, Zhiling Wang, Qin Guo, Yang Wen, Qiong Liao, Yu Zhu, Min Shu, Chaomin Wan
BACKGROUND: Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a life-threatening parasitic infection transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical features of pediatric VL in a population of Chinese children. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with pediatric patients (≤14years) diagnosed with VL based on bone-marrow biopsy, serology and diagnosis based on clinical manifestation and the improvement after the experimental drug when negative bone marrow and serology results were shown...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Li Wei, Zhang Qiong, Shen Xiao-Ting, Liu Yu-Jie, Mao Jian-Hua, Shu Qiang, Shang Shi-Qiang
Enterovirus (EV) has over 100 serotypes of species A-D, which can cause various symptoms in infants. Enterovirus encephalitis (EVE) is serve disease with high morbidity and mortality in children. To well define the epidemiology of EVE, we wanted to know more about EV and EV molecular typing by conducting this study in Hangzhou.Cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from children with diagnosis of encephalitis. Meanwhile, one-step real-time RT-PCR was used for the detection of EV, and we also identified the serotypes of EV by using gene sequencing of VP1 or 5'UTR region...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault, Fang-Ming Hwang, Chuan Cheng, Cheng-Hui Lin, Hsueh-Yu Li, Li-Ang Lee
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with chronic systemic inflammation and with cognitive impairments. This study aimed to investigate the status of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin 17 (IL-17) and interleukin 23 (IL-23) and cognition in pediatric OSA.Controls and OSA children participated in the study. Exclusion criteria were adenotonsillectomy, heart, neurological and severe psychiatric diseases, craniofacial syndromes, and obesity. Polysomnogram was followed by serum testing for inflammatory markers and neurocognitive tests such as continuous performance task (CPT) and Wisconsin card sorting test, questionnaires, analyses of plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HS-CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-17, and IL-23...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ying Li, Jie Gao, Shu He, Yan Zhang, Qiwei Wang
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders. We carried out this comparison of multiple treatments based on sufficient data in attempt to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ADHD medication for children and adolescents. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Database were used to search for relevant articles. Changes in the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) scores and the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS) scores were used as outcomes for efficacy. Withdrawals due to all-cause, adverse effects and lack of efficacy were defined as primary outcomes evaluating the safety of such medications...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Li-Chuan Chuang, Yun-Chia Lian, Michèle Hervy-Auboiron, Christian Guilleminault, Yu-Shu Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Myofunctional therapy is one of the recommended treatments for obstructive sleep apnea, but the level of compliance has often been low in children. This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of passive myofunctional therapy using an oral appliance during sleep in children suffering from obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Twenty-nine children who suffered from obstructive sleep apnea were divided into two groups: premature children and full-term children...
October 3, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Shu-Zhong Jiang, Wen Lu, Xue-Feng Zong, Hong-Yun Ruan, Yi Liu
The imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is the main cause of excessive overweight and obesity. Technically, obesity is defined as the abnormal accumulation of ≥20% of body fat, over the individual's ideal body weight. The latter constitutes the maximal healthful value for an individual that is calculated based chiefly on the height, age, build and degree of muscular development. However, obesity is diagnosed by measuring the weight in relation to the height of an individual, thereby determining or calculating the body mass index...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Shu-Lai Lu, Xiang-Min Qi, Gang Dong, Shu-Lan Chen, Da-Wei Guo, Yun-Long Wang, Pi-Shan Yang
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common oral mucosa diseases; however, familial OLP is uncommon. The present study reported and analyzed patients with familial OLP (n=18) in eight different Chinese families between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013. Parameters analyzed include gender, age at diagnosis, lesion distribution and lesion type. The follow-up period for each patient was a minimum of 1 year. In this survey, 18/88 individuals in the eight families were affected. Females were more frequently affected, and the female to male ratio for familial OLP (2...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Meng-Ju Li, Hsi-Che Liu, Hsiu-Ju Yen, Tang-Her Jaing, Dong-Tsamn Lin, Chao-Ping Yang, Kai-Hsin Lin, Iou-Jih Hung, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Meng-Yao Lu, Chih-Cheng Hsiao, Ching-Tien Peng, Tai-Tsung Chang, Shih-Chung Wang, Ming-Tsan Lin, Jiann-Shiuh Chen, Te-Kau Chang, Giun-Yi Hung, Kang-Hsi Wu, Yung-Li Yang, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Ting-Chi Yeh, Chao-Neng Cheng, Pei-Chin Lin, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Shin-Nan Cheng, Shu-Huey Chen, Yu-Hsiang Chang, Wan-Ling Ho, Yu-Hua Chao, Rong-Long Chen, Bow-Wen Chen, Jinn-Li Wang, Yuh-Lin Hsieh, Yu-Mei Liao, Shang-Hsien Yang, Wan-Hui Chang, Yu-Mei Y Chao, Der-Cherng Liang
BACKGROUND: Reinduction therapy has improved the outcomes in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We sought to determine the optimal course(s) of reinduction therapy for standard-risk (SR, or "low-risk" in other groups) patients. Also, we evaluated outcomes using triple intrathecal therapy without cranial radiation (CrRT) for central nervous system (CNS) preventive therapy. PROCEDURE: From 2002 to 2012, all newly diagnosed children with ALL in Taiwan were enrolled in Taiwan Pediatric Oncology Group ALL-2002 protocol...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Ying-Dong Lian, Zong-Xiang Chen, Kang-Ru Zhu, Shu-Yin Sun, Li-Ping Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The increase in the prevalence of obesity presents a significant health and economic problem. Obesity has been reported to be a major contributor to variety of chronic diseases. Childhood obesity has been rising over the past decades leading to various complications in health. Millions of infants and children undergo surgery every year on various health grounds. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effect of spinal anesthesia of equipotent doses of ropivacaine and bupivacaine on over-weight neonatal rats...
September 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Izzuddin M Aris, Jonathan Y Bernard, Ling-Wei Chen, Mya Thway Tint, Wei Wei Pang, Wai Yee Lim, Shu E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Yung Seng Lee
BACKGROUND: Infant body mass index (BMI) peak has received much interest recently as a potential predictor of future obesity and metabolic risk. No studies, however, have examined infant BMI peak in Asian populations, in whom the risk of metabolic disease is higher. METHODS: We utilized data among 1020 infants from a mother-offspring cohort, who were Singapore citizens or permanent residents of Chinese, Malay or Indian ethnicity with homogeneous parental ethnic backgrounds, and did not receive chemotherapy, psychotropic drugs or have diabetes mellitus...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
Hsien-Ting Pan, Li-Min Wu, Shu-Hui Wen
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) increasingly is being assessed in pediatric patients with cancer. However, only a few studies focused on QoL predictors during and after treatment for pediatric patients with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) assess differences of QoL, distress behavior, and fatigue among children and adolescents; (2) examine the relationship of distress behaviors, fatigue, and a variety of demographic factors to QoL; and (3) identify QoL predictors...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Seishiro Tasaka, Keisuke Matsubara, Shu Nishiguchi, Naoto Fukutani, Yuto Tashiro, Hidehiko Shirooka, Yuma Nozaki, Hinako Hirata, Moe Yamaguchi, Tomofumi Matsushita, Takahiko Fukumoto, Tomoki Aoyama
[Purpose] This study investigated the association between floating toe and toe grip strength. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 635 Japanese children aged 9-11 years participated in this study. Floating toe was evaluated using footprint images, while toe grip strength was measured using a toe grip dynamometer. All 1,270 feet were classified into a floating toe group and a normal toe group according to visual evaluation of the footprint images. Intergroup differences in toe grip strength were analyzed using the unpaired t-test and logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, and Rohrer Index...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yan Liu, Zhenhua Zheng, Bo Shu, Jin Meng, Yuan Zhang, Caishang Zheng, Xianliang Ke, Peng Gong, Qinxue Hu, Hanzhong Wang
: Accumulating evidences suggest that viruses hijack cellular proteins to circumvent the host immune system. Ubiquitination and SUMOylation are extensively studied post-translational modifications (PTMs) that play critical roles in diverse biological processes. Crosstalk between ubiquitination and SUMOylation of both host and viral proteins has been reported to result in distinct functional conses1quences. Enterovirus 71 (EV71), an RNA virus belonging to Picornaviridae family, is a common cause of hand, foot and mouth disease...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Virology
Giorgio Tettamanti, Xiaochen Shu, Maral Adel Fahmideh, Joachim Schuz, Martin Röösli, Tore Tynes, Michael A Grotzer, Christoffer Johansen, Lars Klæboe, Claudia E Kuehni, Birgitta Lannering, Lisbeth Samsø Schmidt, Danielle Vienneau, Maria Feychting
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated the effect of medical diagnostic radiation on brain tumors. Recent cohort studies have reported an increased risk associated with exposure to head CT scans. METHODS: Information regarding medical conditions, including prenatal and postnatal exposure to medical diagnostic radiation, was obtained from CEFALO, a multicenter case-control study performed in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland through face to face interview...
September 13, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Jian-Xing Wang, Shuang-Li Zhu, Jing Wang, Yi Lin, Yao-Wen Pei, Da-Peng Sun, Yong Zhang, Xian-Jun Wang, Wen-Bo Xu, Shu-Jun Ding
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease has become very common in mainland of China in recent years, and enterovirus A71 and coxsackievirus A16 are its major etiologic factors. Here we investigated the seroprevalence of enterovirus A71 and coxsackievirus A16 based on a large group of healthy individuals in Shandong province, China. METHODS: A total of 1378 healthy individuals were tested for serum neutralizing antibodies against enterovirus A71 and coxsackievirus A16 using a micro neutralization test...
2016: PloS One
Shirong Cai, Anqi Qiu, Birit F P Broekman, Eric Qinlong Wong, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang Mei Saw, Shu-E Soh, Kenneth Kwek, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Anne Rifkin-Graboi
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the relation of gestational diabetes and maternal blood glucose levels to early cognitive functions in the first two years of life. METHODS: In a prospective Singaporean birth cohort study, pregnant women were screened for gestational diabetes at 26-28 weeks gestation using a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Four hundred and seventy three children (n = 74 and n = 399 born to mothers with and without gestational diabetes respectively) underwent neurocognitive assessments at 6, 18, and/or 24 month, including electrophysiology during an attentional task and behavioral measures of attention, memory and cognition...
2016: PloS One
Shu Liang, Linda Shapiro, Raymond Tse
OBJECTIVE:   The purpose of this project was to develop objective computer-based methods to measure nasal asymmetry and abnormality in children undergoing treatment of unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and to determine the correlation of these measures to clinical expectations. PARTICIPANTS:   Thirty infants with UCL undergoing cleft lip repair; 27 children with UCL aged 8 to 10 years who had previously undergone cleft lip repair; 3 control infants; 3 control children aged 8 to 10 years...
August 31, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jin-Ren Pan, Ju-Ying Yan, Jia-Yue Zhou, Xue-Wen Tang, Han-Qing He, Rong-Hui Xie, Hai-Yan Mao, Yan-Jun Zhang, Shu-Yun Xie
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases still have been reported in Zhejiang Province in recent years, and concerns about vaccine cross-protection and population-level immunity have been raised off and on within the public health sphere. Genotype I (GI) has replaced GIII as the dominant genotype in Asian countries during the past few decades, which caused considerable concerns about the potential change of epidemiology characteristics and the vaccine effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of JE neutralizing antibody and its waning antibody trend after live attenuated JE vaccine immunization...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rui-Li Sun, Shu-Xia Zhu, Yan-Yan Zhang, Yi-Fei Wu, Xing-Jian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in the expression levels of peripheral blood T helper 9 (Th9) cells and cytokine interleukin-9 (IL-9) in children in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD) and their clinical significance. METHODS: A total of 45 children in the acute stage of KD who were treated from April 2014 to July 2015 were enrolled, and the children were followed up in the recovery stage. Another 45 healthy children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group...
August 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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