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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934459/mild-respiratory-illness-among-young-children-caused-by-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-infection-in-dhaka-bangladesh-2011
#1
Apurba Chakraborty, Mahmudur Rahman, M Jahangir Hossain, Salah Uddin Khan, M Sabbir Haider, Rebeca Sultana, Nadia Ali Rimi, M Saiful Islam, Najmul Haider, Ausraful Islam, Ireen Sultana Shanta, Tahmina Sultana, Abdullah Al Mamun, Nusrat Homaira, Doli Goswami, Kamrun Nahar, A S M Alamgir, Mustafizur Rahman, Khondokar Mahbuba Jamil, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Natosha Simpson, Bo Shu, Stephen Lindstrom, Nancy Gerloff, C Todd Davis, Jaqueline M Katz, Andrea Mikolon, Timothy M Uyeki, Stephen P Luby, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez
Background: In March 2011, a multidisciplinary team investigated 2 human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection, detected through population-based active surveillance for influenza in Bangladesh, to assess transmission and contain further spread. Methods: We collected clinical and exposure history of the case patients and monitored persons coming within 1 m of a case patient during their infectious period. Nasopharyngeal wash specimens from case patients and contacts were tested with real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and virus culture and isolates were characterized...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926364/prevalence-of-severe-obesity-and-its-association-with-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#2
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Su-Yun Li
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has increased markedly during the past decades; however, data on the prevalence of severe obesity in children and adolescents are limited. The present study examined the prevalence of severe obesity and its association with elevated blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 44 630 (22 404 boys and 22 226 girls) students aged 7-18 years participated in the study. BMI cut-off points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define class I-III obesity...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901672/reading-comprehension-difficulties-in-chinese-english-bilingual-children
#3
Xiuhong Tong, Catherine McBride, Hua Shu, Connie Suk-Han Ho
The co-occurrence of reading comprehension difficulties for first language (L1) Chinese and second language (L2) English and associated longitudinal cognitive-linguistic correlates in each language were investigated. Sixteen poor comprehenders in English and 16 poor comprehenders in Chinese, 18 poor readers in both, and 18 children with normal performance in both were identified at age 10. The prevalence rate for being poor in both was 52.94%, suggesting that approximately half of children who are at risk for Chinese reading comprehension difficulty are also at risk for English reading comprehension difficulty...
September 13, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891482/encephalopathy-in-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#4
Huijun Shen, Jianhua Mao, Qiang Shu, Lizhong Du
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in childhood. Severe central nervous system (CNS) involvement is rare in HSP. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: Three children with features of HSP presented with seizures and CNS dysfunction. OBSERVATION: All three children had abnormalities on neuroimaging; 2 had complete remission but one was left with severe neurological damage. MESSAGE: HSP patients may rarely present with CNS involvement with a prolonged course requiring aggressive treatment...
August 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880461/grief-reactions-of-couples-to-perinatal-loss-a-one-year-prospective-follow-up
#5
Ying-Fen Tseng, Hsiu-Rong Cheng, Yu-Ping Chen, Shu-Fei Yang, Pi-Tzu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Perinatal losses are traumatic events in the lives of families and can have serious long-term consequences for the psychological health of parents and any subsequent children. DESIGN: A prospective follow-up study. METHODS: We recruited, at a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan, a convenience sample of 30 couples whose babies either miscarried or were stillborn. At one month (T1), three months (T2), six months (T3), and one year (T4) after the pregnancy loss, all participants completed four questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861357/the-evolution-of-refractive-status-in-chinese-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-its-affected-factors
#6
Shu-Juan Yu, Guo-Hua Liu, Yi Liu, Jing Huang, Ming-Lei Han, Bo-Jun Zhao, Zhong-Tao Gai
AIM: To study the evolution of the refractive status and examine the affected factors in infants during the first year of life in a large sample size in China. METHODS: A total of 1258 babies (2516 eyes) aged 32wk gestational age to 1y participated in the study, including 766 premature and 492 full-term infants. First, each baby received an orthoptic examination, slit-lamp checking and fundus imaging. Patients with diseases which might affect refractive status were excluded from the cohort...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860476/quantifying-perinatal-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-viral-quasispecies-by-tag-linkage-deep-sequencing
#7
Yushen Du, Xiumei Chi, Chong Wang, Jing Jiang, Fei Kong, Hongqing Yan, Xiaomei Wang, Jie Li, Nicholas C Wu, Lei Dai, Tian-Hao Zhang, Sara Shu, Jian Zhou, Janice M Yoshizawa, Xinmin Li, Debika Bhattacharya, Ting-Ting Wu, Junqi Niu, Ren Sun
Despite full immunoprophylaxis, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of Hepatitis B Virus still occurs in approximately 2-5% of HBsAg positive mothers. Little is known about the bottleneck of HBV transmission and the evolution of viral quasispecies in the context of MTCT. Here we adopted a newly developed tag linkage deep sequencing method and analyzed the quasispecies of four MTCT pairs that broke through immunoprophylaxis. By assigning unique tags to individual viral sequences, we accurately reconstructed HBV haplotypes in a region of 836 bp, which contains the major immune epitopes and drug resistance mutations...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834878/unburied-versus-buried-wires-for-fixation-of-pediatric-lateral-condyle-distal-humeral-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#8
Ya-Fei Qin, Zhi-Jun Li, Cheng-Kai Li, Shu-Cai Bai, Hui Li
Open reduction and internal fixation with Kirschner (K) wires has been reported as an efficient and convenient technique for pediatric lateral condyle distal humeral fractures. However, no single study has been large enough to definitively determine whether the K-wires should be buried or unburied. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis pooling the results from several clinical trials to compare the outcome of using buried versus unburied K-wires. Potential academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, Medline (1966-2017...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830245/truncal-pattern-of-subcutaneous-fat-distribution-is-associated-with-obesity-and-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents
#9
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: The association between elevated blood pressure (BP) and childhood obesity has been documented in several studies. However, little is known the difference in BP levels among children and adolescents with different patterns of fat distribution. The present study examined the association of subcutaneous fat distributional pattern with obesity and elevated BP among children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 38,687 students (19,386 boys and 19,301 girls) aged 7-17 years participated in the study...
August 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827610/body-mass-index-trajectories-in-the-first-two-years-and-subsequent-childhood-cardio-metabolic-outcomes-a-prospective-multi-ethnic-asian-cohort-study
#10
Izzuddin M Aris, Ling-Wei Chen, Mya Thway Tint, Wei Wei Pang, Shu E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Michael S Kramer, Yung Seng Lee
We investigated body mass index (BMI) trajectories in the first 2 years of life in 1170 children from an Asian mother-offspring cohort in Singapore, and examined their predictors and associations with childhood cardio-metabolic risk measures at 5 years. Latent class growth mixture modelling analyses were performed to identify distinct BMI z-score (BMIz) trajectories. Four trajectories were identified: 73.2%(n = 857) of the children showed a normal BMIz trajectory, 13.2%(n = 155) a stable low-BMIz trajectory, 8...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821516/a-retrospective-review-of-paediatric-head-injuries-in-asia-a-pan-asian-trauma-outcomes-study-patos-collaboration
#11
Shu-Ling Chong, Uzma Rahim Khan, Indumathy Santhanam, Jun Seok Seo, Quan Wang, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Quoc Ai Hoang Trong, Su Yah Chew, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the mechanisms of head-injured children presenting to participating centres in the Pan Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) and to evaluate the association between mechanism of injury and severe outcomes. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed a retrospective review of medical records among emergency departments (EDs) of eight PATOS centres, from September 2014 - August 2015. PARTICIPANTS: We included children <16 years old who presented within 24 hours of head injury and were admitted for observation or required a computed tomography (CT) of the brain from the ED...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821378/pathogens-and-outcomes-in-pediatric-septic-shock-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#12
Tu-Hsuan Chang, En-Ting Wu, Chun-Yi Lu, Shu-Chien Huang, Tzu-I Yang, Ching-Chia Wang, Jong-Min Chen, Ping-Ing Lee, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Refractory septic shock is the leading cause of mortality in children. There is limited evidence to support extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use in pediatric septic shock. We described the etiology and outcomes of septic patients in our institution and attempted to find predictive factors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 55 pediatric patients with septic shock who required ECMO support in a tertiary medical center from 2008 to 2015. Septic shock was defined as culture proved or clinical suspected sepsis with hypotension or end-organ hypoperfusion...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813286/effects-of-job-stress-on-family-relationships
#13
REVIEW
Rena Repetti, Shu-Wen Wang
In the short-term, daily job stressors influence family interactions through their impact on the employed person's mood, thoughts, and coping behaviors. In the long-term, family relationships can be shaped by those experiences in both positive and negative ways. Some spouse 'cross-over' effects appear to represent accommodations of the employed partner under stress-for instance, a spouse's increased provision of social support and involvement with children-and are evidence of dynamics that go beyond a simple and direct transfer of stress from work to home...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807096/a-five-year-surveillance-of-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-china-reveals-increased-predominance-of-ndm-1
#14
Fang Dong, Jie Lu, Yan Wang, Jin Shi, Jing Hui Zhen, Ping Chu, Yang Zhen, Shu Jing Han, Yong Li Guo, Wen Qi Song
OBJECTIVE: To characterize carbapenem (CPM)-non-susceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) and carbape-nemase produced by these strains isolated from Beijing Children's Hospital based on a five-year surveillance. METHODS: The Minimal Inhibition Concentration values for 15 antibiotics were assessed using the Phonix100 compact system. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing were used to detect genes encoding carbapenemases. WHONET 5.6 was finally used for resistance analysis...
August 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806976/quantitative-detection-of-human-malawi-polyomavirus-in-nasopharyngeal-aspirates-sera-and-feces-in-beijing-china-using-real-time-taqman-based-pcr
#15
Fen-Lian Ma, Dan-di Li, Tian-Li Wei, Jin-Song Li, Li-Shu Zheng
BACKGROUND: Human Malawi polyomavirus (MWPyV) was discovered in 2012, but its prevalence and clinical characteristics are largely unknown. METHODS: We used real-time TaqMan-based PCR to detect MWPyV in the feces (n = 174) of children with diarrhea, nasopharyngeal aspirates (n = 887) from children with respiratory infections, and sera (n = 200) from healthy adults, and analyzed its clinical characteristics statistically. All the MWPyV-positive specimens were also screened for other common respiratory viruses...
August 14, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799220/c-reactive-protein-concentrations-can-help-to-determine-which-febrile-infants-under-three-months-should-receive-blood-cultures-during-influenza-seasons
#16
Weiran Li, Shuanghong Luo, Yu Zhu, Yang Wen, Min Shu, Chaomin Wan
AIM: We explored whether C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations could indicate which infants with fever without source (FWS) should receive undergo blood culture tests during influenza seasons. METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients under three months of age with FWS who had received blood culture tests at the West China Second University Hospital Paediatric Emergency Department during the influenza seasons from June 2013 to January 2015. The statistical analysis comprised: specificity, sensitivity, multilevel likelihood ratios, receiver operating characteristic analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model...
August 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796655/effects-of-childhood-gymnastics-program-on-spatial-working-memory
#17
Shu-Shih Hsieh, Chih-Chien Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Chun-Ju Huang, Tsung-Min Hung
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition in children, and recent studies have specifically investigated the cognitive benefits of exercises involving cognitive-motor interactions, such as gymnastics. This study examined the effect of 8 weeks of gymnastics training on behavioral and neurophysiological measures of spatial working memory in children. METHODS: Forty-four children aged 7 to 10 yrs were recruited...
August 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780710/regression-of-neonatal-cardiac-rhabdomyoma-in-two%C3%A2-months-through-low-dose-everolimus-therapy-a-report-of-three-cases
#18
Jeng-Sheng Chang, Ping-Yun Chiou, Shu-Hui Yao, I-Ching Chou, Ching-Yuang Lin
Cardiac rhabdomyoma (CR) is the most common cardiac tumor in newborns. Approximately 75% of cases are associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Although these tumors usually spontaneously regress after 2 years of age, they can be life-threatening when they obstruct major cardiac inflow or outflow pathways. Everolimus is an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin, reducing its production of the proteins harmartin and tuberin. Everolimus has demonstrated a remarkable suppression effect in children with tuberous sclerosis complex at doses of 4...
August 5, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780547/paediatric-asthma-control-under-a-community-management-model-in-china-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#19
Juan Xu, Yong Yin, Hao Zhang, Wen Wei Zhong, Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shu Hua Yuan, Fen Zhang, Li Xia Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Childhood asthma is globally one of the most common respiratory disorders and accounts for more school absences and more hospitalizations than any other chronic illness. The worldwide economic burden of this disease exceeds those of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Proper intervention and effective management is of paramount importance for the control and prognosis of paediatric asthma. Unfortunately, the rate of uncontrolled and partially controlled paediatric asthma in China is >90%...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776543/transcatheter-closure-of-congenital-coronary-artery-fistulas-with-a-giant-coronary-artery-aneurysm-in-children-experiences-from-a-single-center
#20
Yi-Fan Li, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Shu-Shui Wang, Zhao-Feng Xie, Xu Zhang, Yu-Fen Li
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of congenital coronary artery fistulas (CCAFs) is an alternative therapy to surgery; however, data regarding transcatheter closure for CCAF with a giant coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) in pediatric patients are still limited due to the rarity of the disease. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure for CCAF with a giant CAA in a pediatric population at a single center. METHODS: Medical records of pediatric patients (<18 years old) who underwent transcatheter closure of CCAF with a giant CAA between April 2007 and September 2016 at Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute (Guangdong, China) were reviewed...
August 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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