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Pediatrics speech therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584692/human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-autism-a-case-series
#1
Geeta Shroff
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder accompanied by weak immune system and neuroinflammation. Multiple factors contribute to etiology of autism spectrum disorder including genetic disorders, environmental substances/toxins, imbalanced immune system, encephalitis, and viral infections. Autism spectrum disorder is an incurable disease; however, it can be managed by educational and medical interventions. Human embryonic stem cell therapy has been shown to improve blood perfusion in the brain; thus, this therapy may be effective in improving motor skills, social skills, and cognition in patients with autism spectrum disorder...
March 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538046/general-pediatrician-staffed-behavioral-developmental-access-clinic-decreases-time-to-evaluation-of-early-childhood-developmental-disorders
#2
Meghan Harrison, Persephone Jones, Iman Sharif, Matthew D Di Guglielmo
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement project to decrease wait time to evaluation for children referred to Developmental Behavioral Pediatricians (DBPs). METHODS: The authors created a Behavioral/Developmental Access Clinic (BDAC) staffed by a general pediatrician (GP) and pediatric psychologist. Clinicians in the BDAC provided comprehensive developmental evaluations for children in a discrete age range (<5 yr old). We describe the establishment of the BDAC along with referrals, diagnoses, and recommended follow-up for patients seen by the GP...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387098/-the-importance-of-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth
#3
REVIEW
A Bolette, S Truong, A Guéders, S Geerts
Preserving primary teeth is crucial for maintaining the maxillary growth, aesthetics, mastication, and speech and for preventing from abnormal habits. Given the peculiar anatomy of the primary tooth, caries grow faster and more frequently to the pulp. In pediatric dentistry, new methods and enhanced material have been recently released on the market and broadened the field of treatments. In this paper, we review the pulp diseases affecting children and focus on the current root canal therapies that favour the physiological primary tooth loss...
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381372/investigation-of-the-speech-results-of-posterior-pharyngeal-wall-augmentation-with-fat-grafting-for-treatment-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#4
Çağla Dinsever Eliküçük, Maviş Emel Kulak Kayıkcı, Fatma Esen Aydınlı, Mert Çalış, Fatma Figen Özgür, Mehtap Öztürk, Rıza Önder Günaydın
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the speech results of posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation (PPWA) with fat grafting both in the early and late postoperative period, and to clarify the impact of the procedure concomitant with speech therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study. The study involved 87 cleft palate ± cleft lip patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) who has been treated with PPWA. Patients were separated into two groups according to age; the first group consisted of 49 pediatric participants between 6 and 12 years of age and the second group consisted of 38 adolescent participants between 13 and 18 years of age...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#5
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#6
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139319/paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-pvfm-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#7
Blake Smith, Claudio Milstein, Bryan Rolfes, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is a condition in which the vocal cords exhibit inappropriate inspiratory adduction, and it has been poorly studied in the pediatric population. METHODS: Pediatric patients diagnosed with PVCM by a pediatric otolaryngologist and doctor of speech pathology from 2008 to 2012 were reviewed. Patients in whom another cause for their respiratory disturbance was eventually identified were excluded. Patient demographics, characteristics, treatment, and outcomes were reviewed...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126353/auditing-access-to-outpatient-rehabilitation-services-for-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-public-insurance-in-washington-state
#8
Molly M Fuentes, Leah Thompson, D Alex Quistberg, Wren L Haaland, Karin Rhodes, Deborah Kartin, Cheryl Kerfeld, Susan Apkon, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVE: To identify insurance-based disparities in access to outpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation services. DESIGN: Audit study with paired calls, where callers posed as a mother seeking services for a simulated child with history of severe traumatic brain injury and public or private insurance. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Sample of rehabilitation clinics (N=287): 195 physical therapy (PT) clinics, 109 occupational therapy (OT) clinics, 102 speech therapy (ST) clinics, and 11 rehabilitation medicine clinics...
January 23, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050719/sudden-benzodiazepine-induced-resolution-of-post-operative-pediatric-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-a-clinical-spect-study
#9
Francesco Nicita, Milena Paiano, Mauro Liberatore, Alberto Spalice, Paola Papoff, Mariacristina Ullo, Manolo Piccirilli, Anna Clerico, Amalia Schiavetti
Post-operative pediatric cerebellar mutism syndrome (PPCMS) is a clinical syndrome arising from cerebellar injury and characterized by absence of speech and other possible symptoms and signs. Rare reports described some benefit after administration of dopamine agonist therapy, but no treatment has proven efficacy. In this paper, we report on the dramatic, sudden resolution of PPCMS induced by midazolam administration in a boy who underwent posterior fossa surgery for choroid plexus papilloma of the fourth ventricle...
March 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937095/group-wide-prospective-study-of-ototoxicity-assessment-in-children-receiving-cisplatin-chemotherapy-accl05c1-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#10
Kristin R Knight, Lu Chen, David Freyer, Richard Aplenc, Mary Bancroft, Bonnie Bliss, Ha Dang, Biljana Gillmeister, Eleanor Hendershot, Dale F Kraemer, Lanie Lindenfeld, Jane Meza, Edward A Neuwelt, Brad H Pollock, Lillian Sung
Purpose Optimal assessment methods and criteria for reporting hearing outcomes in children who receive treatment with cisplatin are uncertain. The objectives of our study were to compare different ototoxicity classification systems, to evaluate the feasibility of including otoacoustic emissions and extended high frequency audiometry, and to evaluate a central review mechanism for audiologic results for cisplatin-treated children in the cooperative group setting. Patients and Methods Eligible participants were 1 to 30 years, with planned cisplatin-containing treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#11
REVIEW
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819620/-test-reviews-in-child-psychology-test-users-wish-to-obtain-practical-information-relevant-to-their-respective-field-of-work
#12
Gerolf Renner, Dieter Irblich
Test Reviews in Child Psychology: Test Users Wish to Obtain Practical Information Relevant to their Respective Field of Work This study investigated to what extent diagnosticians use reviews of psychometric tests for children and adolescents, how they evaluate their quality, and what they expect concerning content. Test users (n = 323) from different areas of work (notably social pediatrics, early intervention, special education, speech and language therapy) rated test reviews as one of the most important sources of information...
November 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789174/-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment-strategy
#13
J Cohen-Lévy, J Potenza, V Couloigner
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has a multifactorial origin. For the child with no dysmorphic disorders or comorbidities, its main etiology is pharyngeal soft tissue hypertrophy, a dimensional reduction of the facial skeletal frame restricting the airway, an anomaly of muscular tone, or a combination of these factors. Consequently, proper diagnosis and treatment planning for these children can require several medical specialties, according to the complexity, severity, and persistence of OSAS: ear-nose-throat specialists (ENT), pneumologists/allergologists, dentofacial orthopedists/orthodontists, and physical therapists/speech therapists...
October 24, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701706/pediatric-feeding-swallowing-yesterday-today-and-tomorrow
#14
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Joan C Arvedson
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have played primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. Medical, surgical, and technological advances have improved the survival of young fragile infants and children, many of whom will present with feeding/swallowing problems. Regardless of their underlying etiologies, many of these children are at risk for aspiration-induced lung disease, undernutrition or malnutrition, developmental deficits, and stressful interactions with their caregivers...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676853/pediatric-rehabilitation-and-pediatric-oncology-a-winner-association-the-experience-of-grenoble-pediatric-hospital
#15
Véronique Bourg, Anne Descotes, Anne Pagnier, Jacques Griffet, Dominique Plantaz
The Child and Family Hospital of Grenoble is one of the rare university hospitals in France to benefit from the presence of a physician specializing in rehabilitation medicine. This hospital includes both inpatient and outpatient units. During the temporary closure of one department, certain members of the rehabilitation unit were reassigned to the acute care wards of the pediatric department, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists. Over the course of one year, these therapists completed more than 150 interventions in this department, more than half of which were in the hematology and oncology ward...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651829/a-boy-with-conduct-disorder-cd-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-borderline-intellectual-disability-and-47-xxy-syndrome-in-combination-with-a-7q11-23-duplication-11p15-5-deletion-and-20q13-33-deletion
#16
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601073/feeding-problems-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#17
Hayley H Estrem, Britt F Pados, Jinhee Park, Kathleen A Knafl, Suzanne M Thoyre
AIM: The aim of this study was to report an analysis of the concept of pediatric feeding problems. BACKGROUND: Reviews of the literature on pediatric feeding problems and disorders repeatedly reference the lack of a shared conceptualization of feeding problems. It is difficult to track aetiology, prevalence and incidence of a phenomenon when available definitions and diagnoses lack practical utility. DESIGN: An evolutionary concept analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585294/augmentation-pharyngoplasty-for-treatment-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-children-results-with-injectable-dextranomer-and-hyaluronic-acid-copolymer
#18
Shelagh A Cofer, Becky Baas, Edythe Strand, Cara C Cockerill
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the effectiveness, durability, and safety of a tissue filler (dextranomer and hyaluronic acid copolymer) when injected submucosally in the nasopharynx to treat velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts were reviewed for all patients treated with injectable filler at a tertiary children's center for VPI from April 2010 through September 2013...
October 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339455/laryngeal-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-imt-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Sok Yan Tay, Abhilash Balakrishnan
BACKGROUND: This case report is interesting as cases of children with laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor are not common and previously had been presented as isolated case reports. This is the first case report in Asia describing a laryngeal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor and its removal using an endoscopic approach. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient is a 12-year-old Malay girl from Singapore who presented with hoarseness without respiratory distress. The initial impression was that of a granuloma or a papilloma...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228428/accuracy-of-clinical-swallowing-evaluation-for-diagnosis-of-dysphagia-in-children-with-laryngomalacia-or-glossoptosis
#20
Marisa Gasparin, Cláudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Antônio Carlos Maciel, Gabriel Kuhl, Deborah Salle Levy, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of clinical evaluation of swallowing in a sample of children with laryngomalacia or glossoptosis and describe the prevalence of dysphagia in each of these diseases, as well as characterize the swallow response to speech and language therapy interventions. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1 month to 11 years receiving care at the Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, were evaluated in a cross-sectional design...
January 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
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