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Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358704/prevalence-of-neurotropic-viruses-in-malignant-glioma-and-their-onco-modulatory-potential
#1
Tadej Strojnik, Darja Duh, Tamara T Lah
BACKGROUND: the association between infectious agents and tumour aetiology is relevant in about 20% of cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We tested high-grade glioma tissues from 45 patients for the presence of viral nucleic acids of six herpes viruses, human adenoviruses (A-G), and two neurotropic human viruses (enteroviruses, tick-borne encephalitis virus). Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used with immunolabelling. RESULTS: Three species of herpes viruses were detected: HSV-2, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), HHV-6, and one human enterovirus...
March 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321074/epstein-barr-virus-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder-with-encephalitis-following-anti-thymocyte-globulin-for-aplastic-anemia-resolved-with-rituximab-therapy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Kiyomi Mashima, Shingo Yano, Hiroki Yokoyama, Takeshi Saito, Tomohito Machishima, Takaki Shimada, Yuichi Yahagi, Shinobu Takahara, Katsuki Sugiyama, Yoji Ogasawara, Jiro Minami, Yutaro Kamiyama, Atsushi Katsube, Kazuhito Suzuki, Sayaka Ohshima, Hisashi Yamada, Noriko Usui, Keisuke Aiba
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) sometimes occur following Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) administration for allogenic stem cell transplantation but are rare in aplastic anemia (AA) patients. A 55-year-old woman with AA following ATG developed refractory fever and was diagnosed with EBV-LPD. She was successfully treated with weekly rituximab monotherapy; however, she developed EBV encephalitis. She was admitted to the intensive care unit and finally recovered from unconsciousness...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261514/psychosis-in-a-15-year-old-female-with-herpes-simplex-encephalitis-in-a-background-of-mannose-binding-lecithin-deficiency
#3
Kenneth Asogwa, Kwame Buabeng, Amarjit Kaur
Historically, psychotic disorder has been associated with viral infection. Herpes simplex infections and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) among other viral infections have been implicated in psychotic disorder. Of note in this case report is psychotic disorder that occurred following reactivation of herpes simplex infection in a background of mannose-binding lecithin (MBL) deficiency, childhood EBV infection, and severe psychosocial stress. Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality despite advancement in its treatment with intravenous acyclovir...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062188/a-comprehensive-analysis-and-immunobiology-of-autoimmune-neurological-syndromes-during-the-zika-virus-outbreak-in-c%C3%A3%C2%BAcuta-colombia
#4
Juan-Manuel Anaya, Yhojan Rodríguez, Diana M Monsalve, Daniel Vega, Ernesto Ojeda, Diana González-Bravo, Mónica Rodríguez-Jiménez, Carlos A Pinto-Díaz, Pablo Chaparro, María L Gunturiz, Aftab A Ansari, M Eric Gershwin, Nicolás Molano-González, Carolina Ramírez-Santana, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia
We have focused on the epidemiology and immunobiology of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and factors associated with the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and other neurological syndromes in Cúcuta, the capital of North Santander department, Colombia. Data of patients with ZIKV disease reported to the national population-based surveillance system were used to calculate the basic reproduction number (R0) and the attack rates (ARs) as well as to develop epidemiological maps. Patients with neurological syndromes were contacted and their diagnoses were confirmed...
February 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011864/combined-immunodeficiency-and-epstein-barr-virus-induced-b-cell-malignancy-in-humans-with-inherited-cd70-deficiency
#5
Hassan Abolhassani, Emily S J Edwards, Aydan Ikinciogullari, Huie Jing, Stephan Borte, Marcus Buggert, Likun Du, Mami Matsuda-Lennikov, Rosa Romano, Rozina Caridha, Sangeeta Bade, Yu Zhang, Juliet Frederiksen, Mingyan Fang, Sevgi Kostel Bal, Sule Haskologlu, Figen Dogu, Nurdan Tacyildiz, Helen F Matthews, Joshua J McElwee, Emma Gostick, David A Price, Umaimainthan Palendira, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Bertrand Boisson, Nima Rezaei, Annika C Karlsson, Michael J Lenardo, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Lennart Hammarström, Stuart G Tangye, Helen C Su, Qiang Pan-Hammarström
In this study, we describe four patients from two unrelated families of different ethnicities with a primary immunodeficiency, predominantly manifesting as susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related diseases. Three patients presented with EBV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma and hypogammaglobulinemia; one also had severe varicella infection. The fourth had viral encephalitis during infancy. Homozygous frameshift or in-frame deletions in CD70 in these patients abolished either CD70 surface expression or binding to its cognate receptor CD27...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879539/clinically-mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-a-reversible-splenial-lesion-accompanied-by-epstein-barr-virus-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Toshiaki Ishida, Takehito Yokoi, Tsukasa Tanaka, Azusa Maruyama, Hiroaki Nagase, Daiichiro Hasegawa, Ken-Ichi Imadome, Hiroki Takeda, Yoshiyuki Kosaka, Yoshiyuki Uetani
Central nervous system involvement in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is associated with a poor outcome. For such patients, it is unknown whether more aggressive therapies, such as intrathecal methotrexate or hydrocortisone, are inevitably required. We present a very rare case of 3-year-old Japanese girl who developed mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion, accompanied by Epstein-Barr virus-associated HLH, and review previous similar reports. Our case and previous reports suggest that mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion accompanied by Epstein-Barr virus-associated HLH has a relatively good prognosis, even in the absence of intrathecal treatments...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677103/-mr-imaging-findings-in-epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis
#7
T Lindig, B Bender, S Heckl, T Nägele, S D Ioanoviciu, M Horger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455967/peptide-based-viral-detection-systems-for-effective-diagnosis-of-common-viral-infections-in-india
#8
Ushanandini Mohanraj, Suresh Chander, Yashwant G Chavan
Accurate and swift detection of viruses causing diseases in humans represent continuous challenges to diagnostic and epidemiological research. Efficient and rapid diagnosis is also crucial for effective implication of diseases management strategies. Multitude approaches attempted to identify individual viruses, includes serological assays and molecular methods. Detection assays based on peptides have become increasingly substantial and indispensable for its advantages over conventional methods. This review primarily outlines the progress made in peptide based diagnostics and the challenges for commonly found viral infections in India - Influenza Virus, Chikungunya virus, Dengue virus, Rotavirus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Hanta Virus, Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis C Virus...
July 24, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308306/csf-herpes-virus-and-autoantibody-profiles-in-the-evaluation-of-encephalitis
#9
Jenny J Linnoila, Matthew J Binnicker, Masoud Majed, Christopher J Klein, Andrew McKeon
OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency of coexisting herpes viruses (herpes simplex virus 1 [HSV-1] or HSV-2, varicella zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus [EBV], cytomegalovirus, or human herpes virus 6 [HHV-6]) and autoantibodies in patients with encephalitis (herpes or autoimmune) in clinical laboratory service. METHODS: Three groups were evaluated for herpes viruses and antibodies: group 1-patients whose CSF was positive for a herpes virus by real-time PCR over a period of 6 months; group 2-patients whose CSF was positive for an autoimmune encephalitis-associated antibody over 5 years (e...
August 2016: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213062/epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis-in-an-immunocompetent-child-a-case-report-and-management-of-epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis
#10
Gulsen Akkoc, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ayse Karaaslan, Serkan Atici, Nurhayat Yakut, Sevliya Ocal Demir, Ahmet Soysal, Mustafa Bakir
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) usually causes mild, asymptomatic, and self-limited infections in children and adults; however, it may occasionally lead to severe conditions such as neurological diseases, malignant diseases, hepatic failure, and myocarditis. Epstein-Barr virus-related neurological disorders include meningitis, encephalitis, and cranial or peripheral neuritis, which are mostly seen in immunocompromised patients. The therapeutic modalities for EBV-related severe organ damage including central nervous system manifestations are still uncertain...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181555/autoimmune-limbic-encephalitis-and-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-associated-with-lamotrigine-induced-drug-rash-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-syndrome
#11
Lale Ozisik, Mine Durusu Tanriover, Esen Saka
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe drug hypersensitivity reaction characterized by rash, fever and multi-organ failure. Limbic encephalitis (LE) is a rare disorder characterized by cognitive dysfunction with memory disturbance, seizures and psychiatric symptoms. We herein present an unusual case of DRESS syndrome due to lamotrigine with reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus, which developed autoimmune LE and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. Discontinuation of lamotrigine, administration of methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin led to improvement...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962357/epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis-with-substantia-nigra-involvement
#12
Tamer Çelik, Ümit Çelik, Orkun Tolunay, Mustafa Kömür, Hüseyin Başpınar, Cengiz Yılmaz, Gülen Mert, Dinçer Yıldızdaş
Infectious mononucleosis due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a usually benign systemic viral illness common in children. Many studies described nervous system manifestations of infectious mononucleosis with a wide spectrum of neurologic deficits. Neurologic complications of EBV are seen in both acute and reactivate infection. Herein, we describe a patient diagnosed by acute EBV encephalitis with substantia nigra involvement and excellent clinical recovery.
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842344/transient-seizure-related-mri-abnormalities-in-a-child-with-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#13
Tae Kamakura, Akiyoshi Hiraki, Masahiro Kikuchi
We describe the case of a 6-year-old girl with typical infectious mononucleosis syndrome complicated by clustered right hemiconvulsions and disturbed consciousness. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging on admission demonstrated reduced diffusion in the left temporo-posterior cortex and pulvinar of the ipsilateral thalamus. Her neurological symptoms resolved completely by the next day, with complete disappearance of abnormal signal intensities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Elevated cerebrospinal fluid interleukin (IL)-6 with normal IL-10 might indicate a neuroprotective role of IL-6 rather than injury...
June 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820759/viral-infections-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-study
#14
Saverio G Parisi, Monica Basso, Claudia Del Vecchio, Samantha Andreis, Elisa Franchin, Federico Dal Bello, Silvana Pagni, Maria Angela Biasolo, Riccardo Manganelli, Luisa Barzon, Giorgio Palù
OBJECTIVES: Very few data exist on viral meningitis and encephalitis in elderly patients (>65 years old). METHODS: This study investigated the detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6), HHV-7, HHV-8, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), enterovirus (EV), human adenovirus (HAdV), human parechoviruses (HPeVs), and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) through real-time PCR (RT-PCR) in patients >65 years old who had cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tested for a suspected central nervous system infection...
March 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600186/transient-widespread-cortical-and-splenial-lesions-in-acute-encephalitis-encephalopathy-associated-with-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#15
Shuo Zhang, Juan Feng, Yifang Shi
Infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is very common and usually occurs in childhood or early adulthood. Encephalitis/encephalopathy is an uncommon but serious neurological complication of EBV. A case of EBV-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy with involvement of reversible widespread cortical and splenial lesions is presented herein. An 8-year-old Chinese girl who presented with fever and headache, followed by seizures and drowsiness, was admitted to the hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed high signal intensities on diffusion-weighted imaging in widespread cortical and splenial lesions...
January 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26511720/neurologic-complications-caused-by-epstein-barr-virus-in-pediatric-patients
#16
Katarzyna Mazur-Melewska, Iwona Breńska, Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Paweł Kemnitz, Ilona Pieczonka-Ruszkowska, Anna Mania, Wojciech Służewski, Magdalena Figlerowicz
We retrospectively analyzed the medical documentation of 194 children infected with Epstein-Barr virus. The diagnosis was based on clinical symptoms and the presence of the viral capsid antigen IgM antibody. Patients with severe neurologic complications also underwent neurologic examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalography (EEG). There were 2 peaks in incidence of infection; the first one in young children aged 1 to 5 years represented 62.0% of cases. The second peak (24.6% of patients) occurred in teenagers...
May 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475484/epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis-presenting-as-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#17
Shyam Sabat, Amit Agarwal, Thomas Zacharia, Samuel Labib, Jacob Yousef
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) belongs to the human herpesvirus family and is ubiquitously found in the adult human population. The most common clinical manifestation of EBV is the syndrome of infectious mononucleosis. Central nervous system involvement by EBV is rare, with very few cases of EBV encephalitis reported in the literature. The majority of these cases report cerebral cortical changes on magnetic resonance imaging. We present a rare case of EBV encephalitis in a young patient with meningitis-like symptoms and cerebellar hemorrhage on magnetic resonance imaging...
December 2015: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26252540/epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-manifesting-as-hemorrhagic-ring-enhancing-mass-lesions
#18
J M Babik, S Katrak, S Miller, M Shah, P Chin-Hong
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encephalitis has been infrequently described in immunocompromised patients. Here, we report a unique case of biopsy-proven EBV encephalitis in a renal transplant recipient presenting with altered mental status, prominent visual disturbances, and hemorrhagic, ring-enhancing mass lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was successfully treated with a prolonged course of antivirals. This case illustrates the difficulty in interpretation of cerebrospinal fluid EBV polymerase chain reaction assay, given the lack of specificity in immunocompromised patients...
October 2015: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181499/acute-childhood-encephalitis-at-2-tertiary-care-children-s-hospitals-in-israel-etiology-and-clinical-characteristics
#19
Nili Yanai Milshtein, Gideon Paret, Shimon Reif, Ora Halutz, Galia Grisaru-Soen
OBJECTIVES: The clinical characteristics, pathogens, and outcome were analyzed to investigate the etiology of acute pediatric encephalitis in 2 tertiary pediatric medical centers in Israel. METHODS: A retrospective study among children aged 1 month to 18 years hospitalized with the diagnosis of acute encephalitis between January 1999 and December 2009. Data on presenting symptoms, clinical findings, microbiological, virologic, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging studies, laboratory results, and hospital course were retrieved from the medical records and the computerized microbiology database...
February 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26027635/anterior-opercular-syndrome-induced-by-epstein-barr-virus-encephalitis
#20
Takashi Matsushima, Kenya Nishioka, Ryota Tanaka, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Nobutaka Hattori
We report a 19-year-old female presenting with fever, drooling, anarthria, and voluntary facial movement disruption, characteristic of anterior opercular syndrome (AOS). Serological examination revealed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection following acute encephalitis with severe ataxia. A single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) examination indicated hypoperfusion in the left perisylvian region, bilateral thalamus, occipital lobe, and cerebellum. This is the first report of AOS related to EBV encephalitis...
2016: Neurocase
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